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Form No. 64— SM— 12-1,12 


The Argonaut. 

Vol. XLVIII. No. 1243. 


San Francisco, January 7, 1901. 

Price Ten Cents 

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Editorial : Business of the Legislature — Measures for Preserving Forests 
and Water Resources— A Programme of Economy — Hazing and Fight- 
ing at West Point — The Death of Booz — How Silly and Exhausting 
Practices Might Be Checked— Kidnaping in the United States — The 
Cudahy Case — A Crime Transplanted from Ancient Soils — The Prune 
Trust — Questions of Expediency — An Instructive Experience — Sena- 
torial Elections Imminent — Twenty-Four Seats Contested — Senators 
Who Expect Reelection — The Plague of Dr. Kinyoun — Excess of Zeal 
or Inability to Appreciate Facts — A Grievous Injustice — Dividends 
Received from the Wealthy— Gifts to Charity During the Past Year — 
Colleges, Libraries, and Churches Remembered — The Opponents of the 
Canal — A New Line of Attack — Negro Laborers for Hawaii— Prob- 
lems That May Be Solved — A Field in the Philippines — California 
versus Florida — Attractions for Tourists — Swift and Luxurious Train 
Service — Carnivals, New-Year's Eve and Others — Scenes and Casual- 
ties in San Francisco Streets — Imitations of the Roman Saturnalia — 
The Philippine Autonomy Part) — A Plan Approved by the CornmiS' 
sion 1-3 

The Viceroy's Snuff-Box : A Story of Favors Deftly Used. Translated 
from the Spanish by G. Cunyngham Terry 4 

Magazine Verse: "A Prayer of Old Age," by Robert Bridges; "The 
Final Quest," by Alice Brown 4 

Conditions in Cuba: Incompetency and Inconsistencies of the United 
States Administration — Spanish Immigrants Flocking into the Island — 
Yellow Fever No Longer a Bugaboo in Havana 5 

The Passion Play: An " Oberammergusher" Attacks the View of 
" Argonaut Letters." By Clark Lee 5 

An Enthusiastic Stock Exchange: New York Brokers Gleeful over 
Soaring Prices — Conditions Underlying the Boom — The Annual Jollifi- 
cation on the Eve of Christmas — Business and Sport 6 

Individualities : Notes About Prominent People All Over the World 6 

A New Life of Shakespeare: His Rash Marriage to Anne Hathaway 
— Incidents of His Career as an Actor, Dramatist, and Poet 7 

Literary Notes : Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Publica- 
tions 8-g 

Drama: Effect of the Holidays on the Theatres. Ey Josephine Hart 
Phelps 10 

Stage Gossip 11 

Communications 11 

Vanity Fair : Burning of the Chateau de Belceil — Art Treasures Endan- 
gered — Costumes for Automobile Drivers— The Fashionable Idea — Lady 
Curzon's Cotillion— Novel Figures for Charity's Sake — Bridge Whist 
at Newport — New Diversion for Women — Sensation in London Clubs 
— Decision against the Game— A Boston Woman's Fight for Her Hat — 
No Consideration for Others Can Induce Her to Leave It Off— Floral 
Tributes at French Funerals — A Church Decree and Its Modification. . 12 

Storyettes : Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — The Bishop's 
Recommendation— Not the Unanimous Charge of the Court— Changing 
a Town's Name — Lincoln's Chagrin over Defeat — Major Newman's 
Plan for the Philippines— Victor Hugo's Double— The Editor's Candi- 
dacy — Brahms at the Schumann Funeral — The Kaiser and Chancellor 
von Bulow 13 

The Tuneful Liar: "The New M. D.," "The Alls," "Ireland's 
Meteorological Year," "The Mother-in-Law " 13 

The Strenuous Life 13 

Society: Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip— Army and 
Navy News I 4 -I 5 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dismal Wits 
of the Day 16 

As the time approaches for the meeting of the State legis- 
Businhss lature, and the work to be brought before it 



is summed up, it appears that the new 
measures which will be introduced, con- 
joined with the routine business, will be sufficient to occupy 
the time of the session and possibly prevent the considera- 
tion of the report of the code commission, which has now 
been crowded out by the multifarious demands of State 
business during the two last sessions. 

There will be offered this winter a joint resolution asking 
Congress to appropriate a sum not less than $250,000, for 
irrigation surveys together with plans and estimates by the 

United Sta es Geological Survey, for the cost of reservoirs 
and canals in the arid districts of the West, and another sum 
of $100,000 for the Department of Agriculture to use in 
making irrigation investigations. A measure will also be 
presented by the California Water and Forest Association, 
providing (or a joint investigation with the national govern- 
ment of the water resources of the State, and of the best 
methods of preserving the forests of this State, California's 
share of the work to be conducted by three commissioners, 
without salary, but with authority to expend $100 a month 
for a secretary, and $200 a month for contingent expenses. 
The board expects to obtain authority to contract with 
federal representatives for surveys looking toward the 
development of water resources and forest preservation. 

The same association will try to amend the present act 
" to prevent the destruction of forests by fire on public 
lands,' 1 in the line of offering rewards to informers, in the 
absence of any State patrol. The amendment will provide 
a fine of $1,000, or one year's imprisonment, for firing any 
wooded country, half the fine going to the informer and half 
to the county treasury. An effort will also be made to pre- 
serve the 28,000 acres of timber land in the Big Basin of 
Santa Cruz County. The State will be asked to purchase 
5,000 acres of the tract at a cost of $250,000, with the ex- 
pectation that the remainder can be secured by private sub- 
scription. The commission created for the purpose will 
consist of the governor and the presidents of Stanford 
University and the University of California. 

The act requiring supervisors to fix water rates in 
February of each year will be a subject for amendment. 
Water rates run from July 1st to July 1st, while the state- 
ments required of water companies run from January 1st to 
January 1st. The amendment will require the annual state- 
ments to run from July 1st, so that they may show the 
revenues derived during a fiscal rather than a calendar year, 
and under one annual rate rather than under two rates of a 
half year each. 

Governor Gage has outlined for himself a programme of 
economy, by which, if adhered to, many measures carrying 
appropriations will find their wings veto-clipped. 

For several weeks a military court of inquiry has been in- 
Hazing and vestigating the charges that brutal hazing 

Fighting at and a stand-up fist-fight brought about the 
West Point. death of f ormer Cadet Oscar L. Booz. The 
investigation seems to have been a fair one, and numbers of 
witnesses have been examined. We think the charges have 
been completely broken down. It was proved by the records 
that Cadet Booz was never absent from a meal while he was 
at West Point, and never, for a single day, was reported as 
sick and unfit for duty. This disposes of the charges that 
brutal hazing had ruined his health while at West Point. It 
is true that the testimony showed he had been "called out" 
by another cadet, and that the two had a set fist-fight. But 
the testimony of all the cadets showed that Booz was a 
heavier man than his opponent ; that he did not stand up 
and take his punishment ; and that the fight was prematurely 
ended because Booz persisted in " lying down." Further- 
more, the records show that he was on duty the day of the 
fight, both before and after that event, and that he showed 
no. signs of the wager of battle. 

Charges were made that " Cadet Booz was fed with 
tabasco sauce out of a spoon, thereby giving him tuber- 
culosis of the throat, of which he died." This is the very 
ecstasy of madness. Tabasco sauce may be disagreeable to 
some people, but it could no more cause tuberculosis than it 
could cause small-pox, cerebro-spinal meningitis, or corns. 
Tuberculosis is caused by a specific disease-germ, and its 
habitat is in the blood-stream, and not merely in our outer 
envelope, the cutaneous, or our inner envelope, the mucous 

There is one side to the matter of hazing at West Point 
that we have not seen discussed. It is this : A high-spirited 
and hot-tempered cadet, newly arrived from pistol-carrying 
districts, might strenuously object to the physical indignities 
of hazing. Young men who incline to a soldier's life are 

apt to be high-spirited. Such a cadet might consider that 
tamely submitting to physical indignities would be unworthy 
of a soldier. So believing, he might, in accordance with the 
customs of his native State, use a weapon if he had one. 
Very likely he might be " heeled." In the sudden access of 
passion he might shoot or stab his immediate assailant. It 
goes without saying that he might be shot or stabbed in re- 
turn — in a fight, the other fellow is always doing some- 
thing, too. Thus it could result that two cadets might die 
sudden and bloody deaths, the hazer and the hazed. Such 
a tragedy would so shock the adojescent cadet mind that 
hazing would probably stop for eight or ten years, and then 
gradually be resumed. But we can think of no other 
way in which the cadets could be made to discontinue 

Concerning the stories of fighting, it has long been tradi- 
tion at West Point that cadets must fight when challenged. 
It is not uncommon there for cadets to appear on parade 
with black eyes, swollen noses, and lumpy jaws. The 
officers in charge of the cadets are temporarily afflicted with 
military strabismus when these well-hammered heroes come 
under their gaze. Of course, from a tea-party standpoint, it 
is disgusting that young officers and gentlemen should 
pound each other's noses until they are bloody and batter 
each other's eyes until they are black. But they go to 
West Point to learn the art of war, and probably the best 
way to learn to fight is to fight. The Christian soldier who 
offers the other cheek when the first is smitten is an ex- 
cellent subject for a pious tract, but in the Philippines he 
would hardly do. A military academy can scarcely be run 
like a Sunday-school. War is rude, rough work. It is 
frequently not pious. And some great soldiers have even 
been known to swear. 

As for the other hazing .brought out in the testimony, it 
does not seem very brutal. Some of it is exhausting and 
some of it is silly, but as it has existed at West Point ever 
since the academy was born ; as every cadet class has been 
hazed and subsequently has hazed other classes ; as the 
hazed cadets have always refused to disclose who hazed 
them ; as the only way to stamp it out is to tone up the 
adolescent mind as to what is right and what is wrong ; as 
the adolescent mind never has understood that and probably 
never will — considering all these things, it is highly probable 
that in the year 2000 the first-class men at West Point will 
be hazing the class who are to graduate in the year 2003. 

The kidnaping of the young son of Millionaire Cudahy, with 
Kidnaping h ' s subseo i uent ransoming from threatened 

in the torture for the sum of twenty-five thousand 

United States, dollars, is one of the most startling crimes of 
the decade. Naturally the affair has brought forth a vast 
amount of comment. The daily papers obtained interviews 
from prominent men in various Eastern cities giving their 
opinion upon Cudahy's action in submitting to the outlaws' 
demands. Some stern Romans among these public men 
condemn Cudahy for " compounding a felony." Most of 
these flinty-hearted Romans are bachelors. The fathers 
who were interviewed unanimously agree that Cudahy was 
justified in any measures to save his son. Bachelors have 
long been notorious for their success in managing families, 
and spinsters are proverbial for their skill in bringing up 
children. One of the gentlemen who condemns Cudahy for 
" submitting to extortion " is that warm-hearted millionaire, 
Russell Sage. 

The latest development in this kidnaping case is the 
receipt of a threatening letter by Cudahy. The outlaws 
evidently fear detection. They have warned Cudahy that, 
unless he withdraws his offer of twenty-five thousand dollars 
reward for the discovery of the kidnapers, they will kid- 
nap another of his children. But the toils of the law are 
tightening around them, and it is earnestly to be hoped that 
they may be captured soon. 

This crime of kidnaping for ransom is an exotic one on 
American soil. Not since the disappearance of little 
Charlie Ross has the country been so thrilled by such a 
crime. But in that case it was never known 



January 7, 1901. 

boy had been kidnaped or killed. He mysteriously disap- 
peared, and that was all. 

Kidnaping for ransom has existed for ages in Southern 
Europe. It is only a few years since it was stamped out in 
Southern Italy, Calabria, and Sicily, and it yielded then only 
to the most iron-handed measures. In Greece, in Roumelia, 
and in Albania it still exists, though little heard of. The 
bandits there generally leave foreigners alone, and prey upon 
provincial notables. The capture of stray Englishmen in 
years gone by generally resulted in the stamping out of 
whole bands of brigands by the governments of Athens 
or of the Sublime Porte, prodded by the prows of British 
ships of war in the Piraeus and the Golden Horn. It was 
the custom of these bloodthirsty gentry, when they had 
bagged a promising prize, to send a demand to the relatives 
for, say, ten thousand pounds, to be forthcoming in a fort- 
night. If the money was not sent, a second demand would 
be made for a larger sum, accompanied by an ear, or per- 
haps a hand still bearing its signet-ring. If these ghastly 
tokens did not bring the demanded ransom, the gory head 
of the victim would often be found staring up from the 
threshold of his father's or his brother's door. Fear of the 
rigors of the law has stamped out this dreadful crime in 
Italy, and it is rapidly passing even in Greece and in Euro- 
pean Turkey. 

How is it that this cowardly crime — evil seed from evil 
and ancient soils — should startle us by taking root in our 
free land ? For it is more to be feared here than in ruder 
countries. Concealment is easier in a crowd than in a 
desert. And if the kidnapers of Cudahy's son be not de- 
tected, their success will lead to a long line of similar 
crimes. The great publicity given to it will tempt daring 
criminals to make similar attempts. And there are few 
countries where the criminals are more daring than in the 
United States, and none where they are more intelligent. 

To the student of civilization the increase of certain kinds 
of crime in the United States is startling. While there is a 
decrease in brutal crimes, there is a marked increase in 
crimes involving blackmail, and generally of pecuniary 
crimes — to coin a phrase — such as embezzlement, forgery, 
swindling, and counterfeiting. 

Criminals in this country are not only of a high degree 
of intelligence, but many of them are quite well educated, 
being graduates of the common schools. Nearly all of 
them can read, and in affairs like this Cudahy case the 
daily papers kindly keep them informed of all the plans and 
movements of the officers. Most clergymen believe that 
education unaccompanied by any religious teaching is a mis- 
take. Yet a vast majority of the children in the United 
States receive only a secular education with no moral or re- 
ligious training. Whether the clerical view of this matter 
be correct or no,, the United States will have an excellent 
opportunity to determine. It is now facing and will con- 
tinue to face an enormous and growing band of criminals, 
made up of the most intelligent, the most inventive, the 
most daring, and the best educated malefactors in the world. 

The Argonaut does not thoroughly understand the trust 
Thh question. It is probably the only journal in 

Prune the United 'States which is frank enough to 

Trust. make this admission. But we admit freely 

that the trust question seems to us to be an individual and a 
local one. In this State, for example, we look with horror 
upon the New York Ice Trust, but we contemplate with se- 
renity the Fresno Raisin Trust. We shudder when we think 
of the Standard Oil Trust, but we look with bland benevo- 
lence upon the California Prune Trust. So the Argonaut is 
excusable for being at times somewhat puzzled over the trust 

None the less, it has sometimes seemed to us as if our 
local trusts were open to the same attacks as Eastern ones. 
Waiving that point, however — it seems to be a tender one — 
let us take up the question of expediency rather than of 
morals. Do the fruit-growers' trusts of California always 
pay ? The prune trust at present seems to be in rather a bad 
way. The total crop the prune trust controls is one hun- 
dred and ten million pounds. They have sold only thirty- 
one million pounds, for which they have received about 
three-quarters of a million of dollars. This sum divided 
among thousands of growers brings but an infinitesimal 
amount to each. The outside prune-growers have sold out 
at a profit. The trust is still holding its prunes. The season 
is over, and things look blue. What good has the prune 
trust accomplished for the prune-grower or for the State ? 
We do not answer, " None " ; we ask for information. 

In trade, it is a very good rule to sell a thing when there 
is a market for it. If you hold it for next year's market, 
some other fellow may have some more of the same thing to 
sell. Maybe he can sell it cheaper — many things happen 
in a year — an 1 maybe you will die in the meantime. Be- 
sides, consumers are whimsical. If they can not, easily 
and cheaply g et wnat tnev want, they will take something 
else. It scums absurd to say that prune consumers will 

accept dried apples in lieu of prunes, but it is true — that is, 
if prunes be difficult to get and high in price. Furthermore, 
if the prune-grpwers of California throw difficulties in the 
way of consumers getting their product, the consumers will 
turn to other products. If they drop California prunes one 
year, in another year they may have acquired other tastes. 
California is a great State, but she has no monopoly of the 
prunes or other products of the earth. 

The trust system also seems to us to put a premium upon 
mediocrity. The individual grower is, or should be, proud 
of his prunes. He is proud of his name and his reputation. 
If he raises fine fruit, of choice selection, and carefully 
packed, he will get a specially high price for it, and he ought 
to. If his product is dumped in with that of other thou- 
sands in a trust, he may get a high price, but the chances 
are against it. 

Years ago Blank, a city man, went down into Fresno and 
began improving the bare "hog-wallow " land. He planted 
a few .score acres with fine raisin vines, and in time began 
packing the finest kind of raisins. The brand "Blank's 
California raisins " speedily became known to the raisin 
trade throughout the world. The writer once asked him 
how he had won such a high reputation in the face of such 
fierce competition. He replied : " Because I never pack 
poor raisins under my own name. Only the choicest bear 
that brand. The poor ones are packed, but sold under 
other names. Jobbers can buy them at their prices. If 
they want ' Blank's raisins ' they pay mine." 

There is a moral in this for those fruit-growers who believe 
that " combining" against the consumer will produce higher 
prices than giving hirn the very best product possible to 
painstaking, industry, and brains. 

During the year that is just closing the wealthy of this 
Dividends country have contributed to the cause of 

Received from human progress about one dollar for each 
the Wealthy. maDj womaI1) an( j c hild of the population. 
There has been a total of $60,264,030 donated to the cause 
of general education. This is a falling off of nearly twenty 
millions of dollars as compared with the year before, but 
still it is significant of the feeling of interdependence that is 
so marked a feature of the close of the nineteenth century. 
The record of 1899, which was $79,749,956, exceeded that 
of any former yfiar in the history of the world. It is further 
significant of the modern trend of philanthropy that almost 
exactly one-half of the total amount, $30,669,644, was con- 
tributed to educational institutions, and the greater part of 
this amount went to the larger colleges and universities. 
At first glance it might seem that these larger institutions 
are not in need of assistance, as the incomes of some of 
them are already extensive. Yet the danger is really in the 
other direction, and more harm may be done by the increase 
in the number of small colleges rather than by the concen- 
tration of educational energies in large institutions. The 
smaller colleges have not been forgotten however, for they 
received during the year $9,061,405, and of this about one- 
third went to the Methodist institutions. Closely allied to the 
colleges and universities are the libraries, museums, and art- 
galleries. Of these the libraries received $6,448,000, con- 
tributed, for the most part, to the cause of erecting new 
buildings. These are located in sixty-four different towns, 
showing the wide diffusion of the benefactions, and it is 
notable that Andrew Carnegie is to be credited with promot- 
ing seventeen of them. Charitable institutions have been 
benefited to the extent of $13,390,176 — a slight increase 
over the benefactions they received last year. The churches 
have also been more favorably remembered, the contribu- 
tions to this cause amounting to $8,799,605. It is to be re- 
membered that the list from which these figures are drawn 
includes only those contributions that amount to at least 
$1,000, and that many are necessarily omitted. In the face 
of these facts the cry of the demagogues, who urge that the 
rich are unmindful of the duties of wealth, becomes idle. 

That the Nicaragua Canal is to be constructed only in 
The Opponents the face o{ active opposition from interested 
of the sources becomes more and more apparent at 

Canal. each session of Congress. The Clayton- 

Bulwer treaty, and its proposed successor, prepared by Sec- 
retary Hay and Embassador Pauncefote, have served to 
postpone action, and now a new set of obstacles is being 
advanced. Joseph Nimmo, Jr., who first gained prominence 
as a government official, has recently appeared in print as 
the mouthpiece of the opponents of the canal. He begins 
by expressing approval of the proposition of making the 
canal a thoroughly American institution, particularly from 
the military standpoint. But what is this to cost ? The 
government has as yet instituted no professional inquiry as 
to the expense of fortifications. Even the question whether 
the isthmus itself is not a more effective barrier than any 
canal, however thoroughly fortified, can be, has not been 
considered. The Ludlow commission, in 1895, pointed out 

the fact that the canal would be vulnerable throughout, and 
one member of that commission declared that it would be a 
feature of weakness in our military and naval status. The 
report of Captain George P. Scriven, who was United States 
signal officer in 1894, points out the formidable difficulties 
involved in the military protection of the canal. The advo- 
cates of the canal, according to Mr. Nimmo, have resolutely 
opposed any thorough solution of these questions, though 
there are officers in the military and naval forces abundantly 
capable of answering them. These questions proposed by 
Mr. Nimmo present a new line of attack upon the canal. 

Thirty seats in the United States Senate will be vacant on 
Senatorial '^ e f° ur 'h °f March next, by expiration of 


regular terms or of temporary appointments. 
A few of these have already been provided 
for, but many remain for the attention of State legislatures 
this winter, and among them some which promise to be 
vigorpusly contested. 

The fight is already on in Pennsylvania between ex- 
Senator Quay and his opponents, and the promise is that it 
will be waged with all the bitterness which marked the 
futile contest of last winter. 

Minnesota will elect two senators ; Senator Nelson's term 
expires, and he is almost certain of reelection. A struggle 
is expected when the seat of the late Senator Davis is to be 
filled. Minneapolis and St. Paul are rivals for the honor ; 
United States District Attorney Evans and ex-Attorney- 
General Clapp are the main candidates, though ex-Governor 
Hubbard and Congressman Tawney are both suggested. 

Nebraska also has two seats to fill. One is for Senator 
Allen's expired term and the other a vacancy caused by the 
voluntary retirement of Senator Thurston. The election of 
Assistant-Secretary of War Meiklejohn seems assured, and 
the other place will be contested by Edward Rosewater, 
editor of the Omaha Bee, Thompson, of South Platte, and 
Congressman Mercer. The legislature is Republican. 

The Democratic legislature of Montana has two seats to 
fill. Senator Carter's term expires, and the Clark vacancy 
still exists. The latter, it is thought, will be chosen, and his 
colleague is liable to be either Governor Toole or A. E. 

The term of Senator Wolcott, of Colorado, is expiring, 
and the prominent candidates for his place are Governor 
Thompson, ex-Governor Adams, Charles T. Hughes, and 
Tom Patterson, editor of the Rocky Mountain News. 

Utah has a vacancy, existing since last winter's dead- 
lock. A. J. Saulsbury, Isaac Trumbo, and Minor Smoot 
are candidates ; the latter two will divide the Mormon 

Senator Shoup, of Idaho, will retire and the complexion 
of the legislature makes it probable that he will be suc- 
ceeded by a Silver Republican, ex-Senator Dubois. 

Wyoming is expected to send Senator Warren back to 
succeed himself without opposition. 

There will be a spirited battle for Senator Cullom's seat 
in Illinois. The senator has an excellent prospect of another 
term, but to gain it he must reckon with Representatives 
Cannon, Hitt, Smith, and Hopkins, and ex-Governor 
Tanner, who are all in the open as candidates. 

New Hampshire will probably reelect Senator Chandler, 
but not without strenuous opposition. 

Delaware has again on hand a battle between the Ad- 
dicks and Higgins factions of the Republican party, the 
leaders of both being the candidates. 

South Dakota will furnish a successor to Senator Petti- 
grew, and will doubtless choose between Congressman 
Gamble and A. E. Kittredge. 

The terms of Senators McMillan, Sewall, Wetmore, Hoar, 
Elkins, and Frye are among those which expire in March, 
but all these expect to return without a contest. 

The use of negro troops in the Philippine Islands, because 
Nhcr0 of their superior ability to withstand the 

Laborers for rigors of the tropical climate, was early ad- 
Hawah. vocated in these columns, and the policy has 

proved to be successful. A new movement has recently 
been inaugurated that has even more to recommend it. 
This is the transportation of negro laborers from the 
Southern States to work on the sugar plantations of the 
Hawaiian Islands. From every point of view this plan is 
admirable. The labor problem in Hawaii has always been 
a difficult one. Before its annexation to this country, 
Chinese and Japanese were brought there under contract to 
work on the plantations. They were well fitted for the 
work, not being affected by the heat and being glad to 
work for the wages that such unskilled labor commands. 
The annexation of the islands, however, brought them 
under the operation of United States laws, and so put 
an end to the importation of contract labor. It is in 
order to meet the resulting shortage of labor that it is now 
proposed to transport such negroes as are willing to go 

January 7, 1901. 


there. In several of the Southern States the negro popula- 
tion has become so congested as to present a serious 
problem. A thinning out of this population would relieve 
the situation considerably. For the negroes themselves the [ 
change would be decidedly one for the better. Repre- I 
sentatives of the race from Mississippi and Louisiana have , 
been in Hawaii looking over the field, and their report is | 
entirely favorable. They say that the negroes will receive 
better wages for shorter hours of work than they are now j 
getting. Their accommodations will be better than they 
can now furnish for themselves, and gratuitous medical I 
attendance will further increase the benefit they receive 
from the change. The benefits that will result from this 
movement might be extended by enlarging it to embrace 
the Philippine Islands. There will be a large field for en- 
terprise there and a demand for labor that would go far to- 
ward solving the negro problem in the Southern States. 

For several years San Francisco has been climbing to a bad 

„ eminence for her celebration of New- Year's 


New-Year's Eve Eve. The usual horn-blowing and horse- 
and Others. pj a y which used to prevail in this city, as in 

others, seemed to be giving way to riot, ruffianism, and 
bloodshed. This had been winked at by the police to such 
an extent that ordinarily quiet citizens began to whisper of 
harsh measures. There is still a good deal of the old 
vigilante leaven in San Francisco. From the press and the 
people at large there came to the chief of police significant 
hints that the duty of peace officers is to preserve the 
peace. The present police authorities do not seem to be 
highly popular with the people of San Francisco just now, 
and they are in consequence minding their fis and g's. The 
chief took the hint, and almost the entire police force was 
on duty New-Year's Eve, particularly in the more crowded 
streets. They suppressed such assaults as came under 
their notice, and generally made the ruffianly riff-raff com- 
port themselves rather better than they have been used 
to do of recent years. 

This action of the police caused complaint among these 
rude fellows of the baser sort, but that was natural. 
That the rule of the police was not Draconian may be 
guessed from the accounts of the night's revel in next day's 

"Surely [says the Examiner] there never was a madder, merrier 
night in San Francisco than that which ushered in the new ceatury. 
No prank was too mad to be attempted. Parties of young men rushed 
the crowds like foot-ball backs, breaking through the line. Any one 
who took the hazing seriously was soon made to feel that he did not 
understand the spirit of the occasion when revelry claims the hours. 
Some young men and women with masks and false noses claimed 
attention. It was a beginning. San Francisco is likely to take her 
place as one of the great pleasure cities of the world. It may lead to 
a New- Year's Eve carnival which some day shall ring its fame round 
the world." 

The light-hearted reporter goes on for some columns de- 
scribing this merry scene. He dwells upon the fact that 
there was uo fighting and no rioting, and that everything 
was idyllic, peaceful, and primitive — like a longshoreman's 
picnic, as it were. But there is a dark side to every cloud. 
To every eve there is a morn, even to New- Year's" Eve. 
And from another but more practical and prosaic journal we 
copy the list of casualties of the New Year's revel : 

" The Receiving Hospital inaugurated the twentieth century with a 
record-breaking all-night run. The hospital resembled a slaughter- 
house. The record is one of broken heads and shattered noses, eyes 
gouged out, and wounds of every character, and all the result of 
the wild, reckless carnival in which the year 1901 was introduced. 
Various victims of the revelry reported at the City Receiving Hos- 
pital for treatment in the course of the evening and early morning 
hours. They were as follows : Mike Spillena was shot and seriously 
wounded by Tony Dunard ; Tom Mulane, lacerated wound in scalp ; 
J. S. McGeegan, bum in right hand ; William Muenter, wound in left 
hand ; T. Horn, incised wound in left hand ; Ah Lee, lacerated scalp 
wound ; P. Gorrigan, punctured wound in the right arm ; Elford Des- 
mond, lacerated wound of the scalp ; John Doe, soldier, lacerated 
scalp wound ; F. Mayer, incised wound in the chin ; Herbert Bran- 
don, lacerated wound of the scalp ; P. J. Downey, lacerated wound of 
scalp ; Joseph Thompson, lacerated wound of scalp ; J. M. Lane, 
scalp wound ; Frank West, lacerated wound in the neck ; Roy Allen, 
incised wound in the left hand ; John Fflmer, lacerated wound in the' 
lip ; Charles Reynolds, wound in the left hand ; M. Venchenci, gun- 
shot wound in the left eye ; Charles Fisher, broken nose ; Charles 
Battize, right hand broken ; J. P. Smith, laceration of lip ; Harold 
Crow, bitten thumb ; James McNaughton, ribs fractured and face 
lacerated ; A. Sullivan, two lacerated scalp wounds ; S. H. Reynolds, 
cut lip ; John Gorman, scalp wound ; Joseph Kennedy, fractured 
nose ; Captain Thompson, lacerated thigh ; John Shell, wounded 
cheek ; Edward Boland, lacerated scalp ; John Hausen, scalp wound ; 
Will Clark, lacerated forehead ; C. W. Baxter, incised wound ; Her- 
man Jansen, delirium tremens ; J. E. Cunningham, bitten hand ; 
Arthur L. Tryon. lacerated scalp ; Thomas Scott, lacerated lip." 

This reads like the casualty list of a Filipino battle-field, 
only it seems more serious. But it might, perhaps, be better 
compared to a battle with the Apaches, judging from the 
number of imperiled scalps. 

The attempts to transplant carnivals and celebrations of 
that kind in Anglo-Saxon countries are always melancholy 
failures. They are bad enough in Latin countries ; they 
are worse in ours. The authorities have been forced to pro- 
hibit the carnival in nearly all the large cities of France and 
Italy, and it is rapidly disappearing even in Spain, most 
mediaeval of modern nations. Two years ago in Madrid 
an irritated husband leaned from his carriage and shot a 

persistent masker who was annoying his wife by over-bold 
importunities. At the same carnival a young lady of beauty, 
wealth, and high station had an eye put out by a stone which 
had been hurled in a handful of confetti. The same acci- 
dent has occurred repeatedly in Nice, Florence, Rome, and 
other Italian cities. So dangerous did the throwing of con- 
fetti become that in French cities it was prohibited and 
serpentins — rolls of colored paper — were substituted. In fact, 
the so-called "carnivals" of the Latin countries were lineal 
descendants of the old Roman " Saturnalia " ; to use plain 
language, they consisted principally of drunkenness and 
lechery, ruffianism and bloody fights. The fights in hot 
blood so often resulted in murder in cold blood that the au- 
thorities at last practically prohibited the carnival. 

In this country the attempt to engraft this Latin Saturnalia 
on our Anglo-Saxon civilization has been a melancholy 
failure. The most notable attempts have been the Mardi 
Gras and the Veiled Prophet celebrations in New Orleans 
and St. Louis. When Rex takes charge of New Orleans, 
order is apparently suspended, and "revelry has full swing," 
as the poetical reporters put it. Put prosaically, here is a 
sample of the merry revels of the New Orleans Mardi Gras : 
Bands of drunken negro harlots, garbed in tights or in short 
skirts, patrol St. Charles and Canal Streets, slapping re- 
spectable white ladies in the faces with bladders. Altogether 
the " European carnival " kind of revelry is a kind that we 
think this country can dispense with. In the United States 
the carnival idea " won't go." 

on THE 

In an address at Ann Arbor, Mich., a few days ago, ex- 
President Benjamin Harrison took occasion 
to assail the administration for its position 
on the question of the application of the 
constitution to Puerto Rico and the Philippine Islands. He 
declared that these islands are a part of the United States 
and that the constitution extended to them in spite of any 
treaties or congressional legislation. Mr. Harrison dis- 
claimed any intention of making a legal plea, and called his 
statement a discussion of the subject from a popular stand- 
point. The speech was made under the auspices of the 
lecture association of the L T niversity of Michigan, and it 
was listened to and applauded by several thousand persons. 

During the recent Presidential campaign, Mr. Harrison 
was silent, like many other Republicans, because on this 
issue the Democrats were attacking the administration. 
Now that the election is over and the Republicans in power 
for four years more, he feels that the padlock is taken from 
his lips, and he is talking out in meeting. His speech is 
remarkable for its directness and comprehensive view. Its 
title was, " The Status of Annexed Territory and Its Free 
Civilized Inhabitants." Some of its more striking passages 
are quoted : 

" We have done something new to American history. Heretofore 
regions taken over by this country have been contiguous, even Alaska 
being near. These countries were sparsely peopled or inhabited by 
uncivilized peoples, and were adapted for the growth of an American 
population. We have now taken lands lying in the tropics unfitted 
for American settlement, even if they were not already densely popu- 
lated. We have taken over peoples, not lands, and not of onr stock. 
Their labor is cheap and threatens competition. There is a total lack 
of American ideas. We have said the Chinese will not homologize. 
Nor will the Philippines do so rapidly, and the tropics are productive 
of wholly new views, and their peoples are different." 

"Our hold on the Philippines is impeached on the ground that 
Spain did not have them in her possession when she gave them to us. 
This is on the ground that a man ejected from a farm can not sell it 
until he has recovered possession. But this argument must show that 
Spain has been ousted from its hold. However, had England turned 
over the colonies to France in course of the Revolution, would the 
colonists have ceased fighting, though their new masters were ever so 
benign ? Never." 

" What is the status of our new lands ? Are these peoples American 
citizens or American somethings ? It has been said that the Puerto 
Ricans are not proper citizens of the United States. Are they improper 
citizens ? Already there is something improper about it. No treaty 
had the right to give to Congress the right to take the islands. The 
Spanish Government can not impart powers to Congress, nor has 
Congress a right to receive any. Treaties and congressional rights 
are not constitutional rights, and any treaty may be abrogated by a 
later statute. But neither a treaty nor a statute can abrogate the 
constitution. We can not assume rights outside of the constitution." 

" The recent acquisition from Spain present very difficult questions, 
since we can not safely let them in under the constitution, nor can we 
safely govern them in any way other than by the constitution. A man 
true to the old ideas of freedom can not ignore that the acquisition of 
lands at the cost of the abandonment of old American ideas and that 
a form of absolute government is intolerable and, under the Consti- 
tution of the United States, impossible." 

" Fellow-citizens, God forbid that the day shall ever come when in 
the American mind the thought of a business man and a consumer 
should overcome ancient faith to unalienable rights." 

Significant as are these utterances at this time, more sig- 
nificant still is the fact that ex-President Harrison has been 
in Washington much of late, and has met the justices of the 
Supreme Court often, dining with them repeatedly. It is 
not probable that he would talk this way if he thought the 
Supreme Court held adverse opinions and would give such a 
decision in two or three weeks. 

From the mass of editorial comment called out by the 
speech a number of selections are made. This is from the 
Philadelphia Ledger : 

" President Harrison says that the provisions our fathers fought for 
were rights, ' not privileges,' and he rejects the opportunist idea that 


the flag shall stand in the new possessions only for commercial bene- 
fits and for the ' benevolent policies ' of the administration, however 
benign they may be." 

The Boston Evening Record says : 

" Knowing Harrison as we do. we are qoite sure that he would not 
publicly lay down this opinion of constitutional law if he had reason 
to think that soon the Supreme Court will decide the other way. He 
might still have the same opinion, but he would not openly put him- 
self in antagonism to the Supreme Court. Let us hope that its opinion 
will agree with his." 

From the Philadelphia Xorth American : 
" Ex-President Harrisons clear and comprehensive statement of the 
case wfl! have great weight in determining opinion that has been in 
suspeni^;r nd witl be a potent influence upon the future course of 
the Repabliran party." 

This strong indorsement is from an editorial in the Phila- 
delphia Evening Bulletin: 

" It puts in concrete and effective form some of the strongest objec- 
tions that can be urged against a course of conduct which is repugnant 
to the fundamental principles of Americanism, and which can not even 
be justified on the ground of material expediency, since it has saddled 
the country with enormous expenditures and a great standing army 
without commensurate benefits." 

The Springfield (Mass.) Republican remarks : 
"These words of ex-President Harrison will have a wide hearing. 
They are weighted with the great influence which the speaker carries 
as a distinguished lawyer, a Republican, and an eminent citizen of the 
republic, whose deep and sober patriotism will nowhere be ques- 

All of these newspapers, except the last quoted, are Re- 
publican in politics. Arguments given in the speech are 
openly opposed by few journals even in the party. It 
would seem as if ex-President Harrison was forming an 
anti- ad ministration wing of the Republican party, with him- 
self for leader in 1904. 

At length the work of establishing a permanent government 
The Philippine in the ^'"PP" 16 Islands seems to be pro- 
gressing. The commission sent there by 
President McKinley has been in consultation 
with the leaders of the Autonomy Party, as it is known, and 
a plan of government has been formulated. The plan of 
the party is to form a United States territory, involving can- 
didature for ultimate Statehood, when the Filipinos have 
proved their capacity for performing the duties of the po- 
sition. A senate and house of representatives are to be 
elected from the districts of the archipelago, apportioned on 
the basis of population. The bill of rights is taken from 
that contained in the United States Constitution, except as to 
the provision guaranteeing trial by jury, which is omitted. 
A governor-general, appointed by the President, is to be the 
head of the executive department, and is to have the veio 
power, subject, however, to the provision that his veto may 
be over-ridden by a vote of two-thirds of the members of 
both houses. The islands are not to be sold without the 
consent of the legislature. Little is said about the organi- 
zation of the judiciary or about local affairs, those matters 
being left, evidently, for future consideration. The territory 
is to send five delegates to the United States Congress, these 
being selected by the territorial legislature. The commis- 
sion has expressed its approval of the plan, regarding it 
as the first step toward the ultimate establishment of self- 
government, which it has been instructed to endeavor to 
bring about. 

The tourist travel this winter to California promises to be 
c j very large. Daring the last couple of years 

the transcontinental lines terminating in 
California have put on luxurious and swift 
vestibuled trains, and are making a fight for the tourist 
travel. It is high time. During the winter, limited trains 
run from nearly every Northern city to the leading resorts in 
Florida and other points in the South. Chicago has begun 
running a limited train this winter to St. Augustine, making 
the run daily in thirty-one hours — seven hours better than 
the best time hitherto. Florida and other Southern States 
advertise largely in the North. Where you find one map 
or folder from California you find a hundred from Florida. 
Yet the Land of the Everglades has not a tithe of the 
attractions of the Golden State. California should not hide 
her light under a bushel. Let it shine abroad that it may 

be seen of men. 

■* • »i 

Thomas Jacob, of Yisalia, who is a director of the Cali- 
fornia Cured Fruit Association, has found one way of dis- 
posing of small and unmarketable prunes. It has been as- 
certained that small prunes can be profitably fed to hogs 
and horses. He has fed them to horses for three seasons, 
feeding once a day in about the same quantity as if feeding 
gTain, about four or five quarts at a feed, the horses pre- 
ferring them to barley or rolled Egyptian corn. They do 
equally as well as when fed upon grain alone, and he prefers 
to use small prunes in feeding horses rather than to sell them at 
ten dollars a ton, considering them as valuable a feed for 
horses as barley at from eighteen to twenty dollars per ton. 
In using prunes for feed it is better to have them passed 
through a roller which will crush the seeds. 



The Belgian Chamber has resolved that every M. P. shall 
be a total abstainer — at least during the hours when he is 
officiating as a legislator. 


January 7, io,or. 


A Story of Favors Deftly Used. 

In the days when his excellency the Conde de Revil- 
lagigedo represented a Spanish king as viceroy of " Old 
New Spain," there existed in the City of Mexico a certain 
woe-begone, lean, and hungry-looking under-secretary who 
went by the euphonious cognomen of Don Bonifacio Ortiz 
de la Huerta y Legumbres. You may take exceptions to 
the word " existed." One, however, uses it advisedly. 
Poor Bonifacio had at eighteen taken unto himself a wife, 
in spite of the fact that his salary as escribiente, or under- 
secretary, in the viceroy's palace brought in barely enough 
money to support him and buy a few clothes at rare inter- 
vals. Nor was this the least of his troubles, for every suc- 
ceeding year or so brought a young Bonifacio, or Juan, Juana, 
Jesusita, or Jesus Maria with it, until, on the fifteenth anni- 
versary of his marriage, Don Bonifacio found himself the 
father of twelve hungry, clamoring children, and, above all, 
the husband of a peevish, complaining wife, whose one cry 
was "Money, money, money ! " with which to buy food and 
clothing and pay for the charcoal, and whose one wish was 
that she had died before marrying such a luckless one as 
Bonifacio Ortiz de la Huerta y Legumbres. This un- 
fortunate family lived and moved and had their being in a 
humble tenement-house on the Calle Ancha, not far from 
where the old Paseo formerly was. Many other families, 
equally unfortunate, lived in this dreary place, the monotony 
of which was broken only by the fighting and quarreling of 
children, or the whining of beggars in the patio. So that, 
take it all in all, one is justified in saying that Don Boni- 
facio "existed," and that in a most miserable fashion. 

It must have been a relief to the poor man to escape 
daily from such a home and repair instead to the palace 
where he acted as under-secretary. Here, at any rate, there 
were no squabbling children, no scolding, recriminating wife. 
Here, seated at the same desk he had occupied for nearly 
eighteen years, he could at least dream dreams as to the 
gaining of quick riches, and what he would do with them, 
once won. Perched on his high stool, and dressed in a 
rusty yet neat black suit, with clean collar and cuffs — for one 
had to wear decent clothes while serving his excellency the 
viceroy — Ortiz de la Huerta y Legumbres would ponder by 
the hour on various schemes which would enable him to 
draw a prize in the grand lottery, five-cent tickets in which 
he had bought by the dozen, to no avail. For no one could 
have called the poor man lucky. Fortune, like the Levite 
of the Bible, seemed to pass him by, on the other side. 

To be sure, one small prize of twenty dollars fell to Boni- 
facio's lot one fine fiesta day. He fingered it hungrily, and 
wanted to invest it all in a small " hacienda de beneficio " 
just opened up by some friends in the town of Pachuca, but 
too well did he know his duty. The twenty dollars found 
their way that night into the pudgy, greedy hands of Sefiora 
Ortiz de la Huerta y Legumbres, whose only comment was 
a grumble at its not being twice as much. Notwithstanding 
which, the dona proceeded to " blow in " the despised 
twenty in most approved style, buying with it several large 
gold breastpins for herself, not to mention gold earrings for 
the several little girls, and elaborate cuff-buttons for the 
boys. Also, Dona Bonifacio purchased several pairs of high- 
heeled satin slippers — which, I grieve to say, she wore with- 
out the usual approved accompaniment of hose — a new lace 
mantilla or two, and rosaries for each member of the family. 
Attired in their new gewgaws, the thirteen then proceeded 
to feast upon a great deal of savory " mole de guajalote," 
with plenty of " pulque compuesto " and many other things 
too numerous and toothsome to mention here. What did 
luckless Don Bonifacio get out of the tneUe f Nothing I He 
had to content himself with days of boring inactivity in the 
palace and fault-finding nights with his family, the wife 
bickering, and the children complaining. There was no- 
where any peace for him. 

There came a morning, finally, when Bonifacio decided, 
as he drearily betook himself to the palace, that he could 
not and would not stand things any longer. His wife had 
quarreled with him for three days because he could not beg, 
borrow, or steal enough money to enable her and the children 
to go to Si fiesta, at which they had intended to disport them- 
selves in the new jewelry, bought with the twenty dollars 
Don Bonifacio had drawn in the lottery. He did not know 
how or where to get the money, and so had informed his 
loudly scolding sefiora. Then, fleeing from the wrath, pres- 
ent and to come, he decided to think up another last plan 
for making money, as there was no writing for him to do 
that day. If he was successful, good ; if not, a few cents' 
worth of laudanum from his friend the botica-man in the 
Calle de los Pajaros would end matters, so far as he was 
concerned. "And now," thought Bonifacio, grimly, as he 
seated himself on his high stool, " what shall I do ? " 

For hours the under-secretary sat motionless at his desk. 
His companions did what work remained, chatted among 
themselves, and finally betook themselves to their various 
homes and occupations. Then, and not until then, did 
Bonifacio bestir himself. His face flushed, and his eyes 
beamed with renewed hope, for a brilliant thought had had 
its inception during his several hours' stance. Don Boni- 
facio had, according to his own belief, at last struck oil. 
Now to prove it. 

With the aid of paper, ink, and his best quill, he set to 
work, and within half an hour his writing was completed. 
Drying the sheet, and finishing it off with an impression of 
the government seal, Bonifacio inclosed the document in an 
imposing-looking envelope, and hastened to the office of the 
secretary of the viceroy and captain-general of New Spain. 
There the package, addressed to no less a person than the 
illustrious viceroy himself, was left ; and Don Bonifacio, 
with renewed hope and courage, repaired homeward to his 
scolding wife and babies. 

Two fternoons later you might have seen Don Bonifacio 
station 'limself, had you been there to note, at the corner of 

Plateros and Portal de Mercaderes. He looked strangely 
agitated, and his face was very white, while his hands shook 
so that he could barely light his cheap cigarette. Not that 
any one noticed the poor, thinly clad clerk — far from it. 
People were as thick on the street as the fabled leaves in 
Vallombrosa, but their eyes were fixed upon the great palace 
of the viceroy, across the square, and upon the magnificent 
entrance which would soon have the honor of allowing to 
pass the cortege of his excellency the viceroy himself, and 
the richly caparisoned and mounted nobles who daily accom- 
panied him on his afternoon rides. 

Soon there was a burst of music from the palace court- 
yard, hoarse shouts from the guards, and then there was a 
clattering of Andalusian horse-hoofs on the marble-paved 
court, showing that his honor the viceroy was now just issu- 
ing from his gates. People pressed nearer, in order to see 
the great man, but Don Bonifacio, cold and trembling from 
head to foot, and with a very sick feeling at the pit of his 
stomach, had not the nerve to even look up. In fact, had 
his feet not refused to carry him, he would have fled from 
the spot. As it was, he stood rooted to his place, unable to 
speak or move, while the company of richly dressed horse- 
men rapidly approached the corner of the street where he 
stood. He heard the clattering of hoofs, the jingling of the 
great, silver spurs worn by his excellency's escort, and the 
clanking of magnificent bits and saddle equipment — Dios 
de la Vida I they were upon him ; they had stopped ; some 
one was speaking, calling his name ! 

With his tongue cleaving to the roof of his mouth, Don 
Bonifacio forced himself to look up and into the face of the 
man who had reined his great black Andalusian within an 
arm's length. It was the viceroy ! Steadily he gazed at the 
poorly clothed clerk facing him, and steadily did Don Boni- 
facio, trembling though he was at his own temerity, gaze his 
viceroy in the face. And then, to the wonder of the crowd, 
who stood by in gaping awe, his excellency, with a kind 
smile on his face, drew out a magnificenflyjeweled snuff-box, 
which he extended to the under-secretary, saying : 

" Senor Don Bonifacio Ortiz de la Huerta y Legumbres, 
will you do me the favor ? " 

" Un millon de gracias, your excellency ; with a great 
deal of pleasure," answered Bonifacio, as he held the rich 
box in his hands and scooped therefrom a pinch of snuff. 

Three minutes later the viceroy took leave of the clerk, 
after lavishing upon him many of the ornate courtesies in 
which the Spanish people delight, all of which were equally 
ornately returned by Don Bonifacio. You can imagine how 
the crowd, who were watching the scene, wondered and 
gossiped. Never had such a thing been seen before — 
such behavior upon the part of the viceroy to a poor, miser- 
able clerk. There must be more behind it than could be 
seen with the naked eye. It would be well to cultivate this 
clerk — quien sabe, what influence he might or might not hold 
with the ruler of New Spain ? 

And so people began to run after Don Bonifacio as' 
much as they had once run from him, entreating his favor, 
his influence with the viceroy — for a consideration, of 
course. And in the course of time these accumulated con- 
siderations amounted to such a great value that Don Boni- 
facio became a very rich man. 

Meanwhile, during many intervening weeks, the viceroy 
daily stopped his horse at the same corner of Plateros, pre- 
senting there his snuff-box to Don Bonifacio, who, accepting 
a small pinch, would gracefully return the box to his excel- 
lency, while all the city stood by and thought " What a 
powerful man is this Don Bonifacio Ortiz de la Huerta y 
Legumbres ! " 

One day the viceroy sent privately for Don Bonifacio, who 
came this time in his own rich carriage, and in fine clothes. 
Said the viceroy to him : " You are a wise man, and deserve 
a reward for your wit. Rise up, Count Bonifacio ! " 

What had been contained in the poor clerk's document, 
sent to his excellency so long a time before ? Merely the 
modest request that " when passing the corner of Plateros 
and Mercaderes, his worship stop and offer a poor, hungry 
man a pinch of snuff- — ?w more / " 

As the viceroy stated, only a mean and stingy-spirited 
man would have refused such a reasonable request. — 
Translated from the Spanish for the Argonaut by G. 
Cunyngham Terry. 

It is reported on good authority that a wholesale destruc- 
tion of ancient monuments is going on in the neighborhood 
of Jerusalem and on the other side of the Jordan, with the full 
permission of the Turkish Government. The Church of St. 
Jeremiah, a monument of the Fifth Crusade, which was re- 
cently presented to the French Government, is being " re- 
stored," but in a way which destroys its original archaeo- 
logical interest, as it is to be rebuilt in the interests of 
Catholicism as opposed to the orthodox church. The 
Turkish Government, a few years ago, sent colonists to 
occupy the sites of the remarkably well-preserved cities of 
the Decapolis, on the other side of the Jordan. It is now 
found that the colonists have turned the ruined cities into 
stone quarries, and that the work of destruction is proceed- 
ing in a methodical manner, with the encouragement of the 
government. The well - preserved cities of Famagusta, 
Caesarea, and Sebaste are now said to be so far destroyed 
as to be utterly unrecognizable, even when studied in the 
light of descriptions made by travelers not more than five 
years ago. 

An influential English Jewish peeress, member of the 
board of direction of the female convict prisons, was dis- 
tressed at the lack of provision of devotional literature for 
Jewish prisoners, and undertook to bring about a correction, 
with the result that the home secretary authorized special 
devotional literature for Jewish convicts. A popular work, 
entitled " Light on the Way," was selected and a large stock 
secured. When the distribution commenced the most care- 
ful search only produced one Jewess in British prisons. She 
is now amply provided with literature. 


The Final Quest. 
At last I feel my freedom. So a leaf, 
Under some swift, keen prompting of the spring, 
Aches with great light and air, and, stretching forth 
Into the circled wonder overhead, 
Unfolds to breath and being. So the stream, 
Wounded by bowlders, fretted into foam, 
But flows with mightier passion on and on 
(O mystic prescience born of watery ways ! } 
Into the wide, sweet hope awaiting him 
Of ample banks and murmurous plenitudes. 
So I, by midnight mothered, lift my voice 
And cry to mine old enemies encamped, 
Fear, dread of fear, and dark bewilderment : 
' Ye can not harm me. O unreal shapes, 
Wherewith Life garnishes her golden house 
To urge us forth upon our further quest, 
I see you now for what you truly are, — 
Usurping slaves, pale mimicries of power, 
Air held in armor to amaze a child. 
In your grim company I lie at ease 
And look alone upon the vistaed light, 
The grave, pure track of worlds beyond the world." 
Oh, the still wells of life, the conquering winds 
In this wide garden once my wilderness I 
Who that hath felt' these brooding silences 
Could sigh for June, her rose and nightingale,— 
Or, when a dry leaf trembles from the branch, 
Fear, in that flitting, aught but other Junes? 
Doth this immortal need mortality, — 
She, the fair soul, the spark of all that is, 
She who can ride upon the changing flood 
Of dim desires, or, if she faint, 
Creep into caves of her own fashioning? 
It is her garment now, the while she wields 
This battered blade of earthly circumstance. 
A breath — and she walks naked, like the dawn, 
Led, through some western radiance of surmise, 
By arc as true as orbed planets hold, 
Home to that house where birth and death are one, 
And dreams keep tryst with hearts that died of them. 
— Alice Brown in January Atlantic Monthly. 

A Prayer of Old Age. 

Lord, I am so used to all the by-ways 
Throughout Thy devious world, 

The little hill-paths, yea, and the great highways 

Where saints are safely whirled I 
And there are crooked ways, forbidden pleasures, 

That lured me with their spell ; 
But there I lingered not, and found no treasures — 

Though in the mire I fell. 

And now I'm old and worn, and, scarcely seeing 
The beauties of Thy work, 

1 catch faint glimpses of the shadows fleeing 

Through valleys in the murk ; 
Yet I can feel my way — my mem'ry guides me, 

I bear the yoke and smile ; 
I'm used to life, and nothing wounds or chides me ; 

Lord, let me live awhile I 

And then, dear Lord, I still can feel the thrilling 

Of Nature in the Spring — 
The uplift of Thy hills, the song-birds trilling, 

The lyric joy they bring. 
I'm not too old to see the regal beauty 

Of moon and stars and sun ; 
Nature can still reveal to me my duty 

Till my long task is done. 

Lord, to me the pageant is entrancing — 
The march of States and Kings ! 

1 keenly watch the human race advancing 

And see Man master Things ; 
From him who read the secret of the thunder 

And made the lightning kind, 
Down to this marvel — all the growing wonder 

Of force controlled by Mind. 

And this dear land of ours, the freeman's Nation I 

Lord let me live and see 
Fulfillment of our fathers' aspiration, 

When each man's really free ! 
When all the strength and skill that move the mountains, . 

And pile up riches great, 
Shall sweeten patriotism at its fountains 

And purify the State I 

But there are closer ties than these, that bind me 

And make me long to stay 
And linger in the dusk where Death may find me 

On Thine own chosen day ; 
There's one who walks beside me in the gloaming 

And holds my faltering hand — 
Without her guidance I can make no homing 

In any distant land. 

Some day when we are tired, like children playing;. 

And wearied drop our toys — 
When all the work and burden of our staying 

Has mingled with our joys — 
With those we love around — our eyelids drooping;. 

Too spent with toil to weep — 
Like some kind nurse o'er drowsy children stooping; 

Lord take us home to sleep 1 

— Robert Bridges in January Scribner's Maga&ixe. 

The Egyptian Gallery at the British Museum has just 
come into possession of the mummy of a man which may 
well be the oldest known body of any human being. The 
case containing the mummy bears this inscription : " Body 
of a man who was buried in a shallow oval grave hollowed out 
of sandstone on the west bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt. 
Before burial the body was treated with a preparation of 
bitumen, and was arranged in the posture in which it now lies, 
on its left side, with the hands before the face and the knees 
drawn up nearly on a level with the chin. The grave was cov- 
ered with slabs of unworked stone, and in it beside the body 
were disposed flint knives and a number of vases partly filled 
with the remains and dust of funeral offerings. The man prob- 
ably belonged to a fair-skinned, light-haired race, which may 
be regarded as one of the aboriginal stocks of Egypt, whose 
settlements are usually found on the west bank of the Nile. 
The style of the flint implements found in the grave indi- 
cates that the man lived in the later neolithic period of 
Egypt — that is, in remote ages long before the rule of 
Menes, the first historical king of Egypt." Menes was 
the earliest king to whom Egyptian records make refer- 
ence, and he, according to Mariette, ruled about 5004 b. c. 
There were two prehistoric races, one the conquerors and the 
other the conquered, out of which sprang the Egyptian race 
of the earliest dynasties. It is with these remote stocks that 
this man is connected. 

January 7, 1001. 



Incompetency and Inconsistencies of the United States Adminis- 
tration — Spanish Immigrants F locking Into the Island — 
Yellow Fever No Longer a Bugaboo in Havana. 

Albert G. Robinson, who has gained the confidence of 
the American public through his trustworthy and well- 
informed war correspondence to the New York Evening 
Post from the Philippine Islands and South Africa, is 
making a second visit to Cuba and has some timely and in- 
teresting things to say of the conditions in Cuba. He takes 
exception to Secretary Root's published statement that the 
people of Cuba are peaceful and contented and that business 
is in a prosperous condition. Since his arrival in Havana 
he has talked with many people in many departments of 
life, civil and official, professional and mercantile, and not 
one indorses the reports of an " all serene " Cuba. Mr. 
Robinson condemns our policy of being content to simply 
drift along, and sounds a note of warning. He says : 

'" For two years America has been responsible for Cuba's weal or 
woe. There has been neither chart, pilot, nor experienced steersmen. 
If the coming year records no serious trouble in the island, it will be 
due to the mercy of God, and not to the wisdom of man. if no change 
be made in the system employed. With no reflection whatever upon 
the abilities of those gentlemen in the departments of their education 
and training, nor upon their personal character and integrity, it may 
well be asked why a soldier and a surgeon, wholly inexperienced in the 
affairs of slate, are to be deemed die fittest, or even fit. men to handle 
a situation demanding the highest and broadest of statesmanship, that 
of guiding the future of a small nation, while safeguarding the inter- 
ests and the honor of a great one. . . . Placid America, concerned in 
its own money-getting, readily accepts rosy views of poor Cuba's 
affairs. But those affairs are far from happy, and the immediate future 
is neither clear nor promising. Had we come here two years ago with 
a definite and firm policy, placed affairs in the hands of a capable and 
tactful statesman, made no distinction between conservative and revo- 
lutionist, done our work jusdy, direcdy, strongly, and kindly, we 
should have made some enemies, but we should have made many 
friends. As it is, we have made none. Those whom we have recog- 
nized, and to whom we have catered, are our bitterest enemies, and 
those who would have been our friends now tend toward affiliation 
with our opponents. Had we come here as strong and tactful masters 
of the situation, rightful guardians of Cuba's interests as well as our 
own, but guardians only for the time being, Cuba might well, by this 
time, have been on a high road to her own determination of her future 
along some one of the four lines presented — absolute independence ; 
continuance, for a time, of American intervention ; an American pro- 
tectorate ; or annexation. As it is, all is foggy, and America will 
probably find it harder and slower to get out of Cuba than it was to 
get in." 

In pointing out a few marked inconsistencies in adminis- 
tration and interference in affairs which are beyond the 
proper scope of a " government of intervention," he writes : 
" I admit the benefits which will accrue to Havana through the con- 
struction of the street-railway, but why is it that the line is officially 
authorized to proceed with its work with remarkable freedom in 
Havana, while a mining company, which wishes lo move a vast 
quantity of accumulated ore from its mine to the water-front, is re- 
fused permission to construct a tram-line because it would violate the 
Foraker law ? It is intimated that the aqueduct job needs some ven- 
tilation, and that there are all sorts of goings on over the contract for 
sewers and paving. There are many who ask : What business, any 
way, has an acknowledged ' government of intervention ' only to de- 
termine or essay the determination of disputed titles to church prop- 
erty, to reform laws, to regulate tariffs, to insist upon some measure of 
Sabbath observance, to recognize one franchise while it denies another, 
to spend Cuban money in many ways and for many purposes for which 
Cubans do not care a rap ? I am beginning to be sorry that I came 
here. Thus far I have met no one who was not sulky or disgruntled 
over some row about the Cubans, some row about the Americans, 
some row about both of them." 

While great incompetency and lack of tact have been 
shown in the administration of Cuba, the influence of the 
United States in the industrial and philanthropic field has 
been most commendatory. Says Mr. Robinson : 

"The United States came to Cuba to find its productive fields dev- 
astated by fire, its industry paralyzed, its homes desolated, its people 
starving, and thousands of children wandering homeless and hungry, 
with none to care for or even shelter them. The responsibility for the 
conditions does not entirely rest upon one pair of shoulders, but the 
fact remains that the American flag was,raised over the wreck of a fair 
land. It floated above a grave-yard, and its shadow fell upon thou- 
sands who were dying of hunger and privation, and upon thou- 
sands more whose future presented no hope. It is pleasant to note 
how all that has changed within two years. It would be wholly untrue 
to say that no poverty exists in Cuba. It would be quite true to say that 
poverty is general. Yet, compared with the conditions of my visit of 
last year, the change in condiuons is striking. There are no longer, in 
either city or country, the central relief stations for the distribution of 
rations. The country is no longer overrun with homeless children liv- 
ing like wild animals. Broken and scattered families have been 
brought or have found their way together again. Children have been 
placed with parents, relatives, or with charitably disposed people of 
the country. A vast relief work has been carried on through many 
channels. Private and personal effort has vied with and cooperated 
with organized activity. Religious societies and kindly sisters of 
charity have worked widely and persistently. A special department of 
the government, in the efficient hands of Major E. St. John Greble, of 
the Second United States Artillery, has sought out and gathered up 
the helpless and the needy. That department is now handling about 
one hundred and fifty thousand dollars per month in the maintenance 
of hospitals, asylums, charity, and reform schools. Industrial schools 
are in operation, with distinct effort to avoid pauperization through 
practical instruction in ways to earn a living. The lame and the halt 
have been generally cared for, and Greble is now trying to work up a 
scheme for the care of the blind." 

Figures covering the increase in areas of cultivation down 
to date are not obtainable, but the evidence that it must be 
extensive lies in the fact that the scores of thousands of the 
country people who, two years ago, were fed with American 
rations are now raising enough out of the ground to feed 
themselves : 

" The official reports of the earlier months of 1899 give about eighty 
thousand as the number of utterly destitute in the provinces of Ma- 
tanzas and Santa Clara. All of these, save a comparatively small 
number of extreme cases, have now been absorbed into the general life 
of the country, and may be regarded as self-supporting. This wall 
also apply essentially to the entire island. Large plantings of tobacco 
have furnished supporting industry for many. The resumption of 
sugar-planting on some of the suspended estates, and the extension of 
operations on others whose work did not wholly cease, has provided 
employment and livelihood for others. Much remains to be done for 
the complete rehabilitation of the island, but a vast amount has already 
been accomplished. A serious deterrent in more rapid develop- 
ment exists, naturally, in the uncertainties of the political 
situation. Endless work is ready for wholly legitimate exploitation, 
and capital is ready to go on with it. There can be no doubt of the 
benefit which would follow a modification of the Foraker law which 
would permit the operations of responsible and legitimate capital, 
while rigidly excluding all schemes of speculators and irresponsible 

Charles M. Pepper, the correspondent of the New York 
Commercial Advertiser, declares that more immigrants 
are coming to Cuba from Spain now than came during 
Spanish rule. This is about the most significant thing that 
has happened under American control : 

" The other morning, coming into the harbor, I saw the great trans- 
atlantic liner from Barcelona with her decks packed with humanity. 
The ship was the Reina Maria Cristina, one of the largest of these 
vessels. I asked about her passengers and was told nearly all of them 
were immigrants coming to seek work in Cuba, and they numbered 
1. 100. A few would go on to Mexico, but most of them were disem- 
barked at the detention camp which the authorities have established at 
Triscornia, across the bay from Havana. A day or two later the 
French steamer Navarre came in with 600 immigrants, who had em- 
barked from the ports of Corunna and Santander. Other lines are 
bringing passengers, but these two carry most of them. The Barce- 
lona ship brings the immigrants from Catalonia and some from Anda- 
lusia and others of the provinces bordering on the Mediterranean. The 
French ships are loaded with the natives of northern Spain. All the 
lines bring immigrants from the Canary Islands, and some also from 
Teneriffe and others of that group. The majority of the immigrants 
are young fellows, ranging in age from sixteen to twenty-five. They 
are sturdy looking and probably are good types of the Spanish 
peasant. In the two years of American control, which will end on 
January 1st, between 45,000 and 50.000 Spanish immigrants will have 
landed in Cuba. Of these it is probable that nearly 40,000 can be 
counted on as a permanent addition to the industrial population of 
the island. These workers from Spain are coming in response to a 
natural demand. They have no trouble in finding work upon their 
arrival. The sugar plantations and the tobacco fields within reason- 
able distance of Havana, while complaining that labor is scarce, yet 
are able to get men enough to meet their immediate needs. Further 
in the interior there is still a pronounced lack of field laborers, and 
the effort is made to spread the new arrivals over the island as equi- 
tably as possible." 

The Spanish colony in Cuba welcomes this coming of the 
natives of the peninsula and of the surrounding islands as a 
means of preserving Spanish influence. It hopes that com- 
merce also will be benefited, for, with so many Spaniards, 
trade with the mother country is apt to be increased : 

" All these Spanish immigrants will be subjects of Spain for some 
years to come, and the political bearing of the immigration is causing 
some disquiet. Some of the American officials think it would be better, 
after the Cuban Republic is set up. if there were not so targe a pro- 
portion of Spanish subjects. The Madrid government also would 
prefer to have its people under the wing of the United States in some 
form. Under the Treaty of Paris its effort was to persuade all the 
Spaniards in Cuba not to register as Spanish subjects, but to affiliate 
with Cubans and make their influence felt in the future government of 
the island. The consul-general, on instructions from bis government, 
discouraged registration of Spanish subjects as much as possible. 
Nevertheless, the majority of the Spaniards in the island insisted on 
keeping their allegiance to Spain. The immigrants now coming have 
no choice in the matter. They are Spanish subjects until some form 
of government is set up under which they can acquire Cuban citizen- 
ship if they desire. The Cuban Constitutional Convention has not 
yet reached the point where it can be determined what view regarding 
naturalization is likely to prevail, but the period of probation is not 
likely to be a long one. Eight or ten years from now ' the Spanish 
vote' probably will be a large one. and in the meantime the inconven- 
ience, both to Spain and to the United States, of so large a number 
of Spanish subjects in Cuba will have to be tolerated." 

There is one phase of this Spanish immigration, outside 
of its industrial bearing, which is both unique and important. 
It promises to settle for all time the fears lest Cuba should 
become Africanized, or, when it has its own government, 
prove to be another Hayti : 

"The census taken under the direction of the American authorities 
shows that about one-third of the population has negro blood. The 
actual proportion may be a little larger, because the enumerators may 
have put down some persons as white who had a strain of the African. 
But whatever the exact proportion, there is no movement in any 
quarter for negro immigration toward Cuba in a mass. The blacks of 
the other West India Islands have shown little disposition to drift to 
Cuba since the American occupation. A class which was in the habit 
of coming over from Jamaica and which was both idle and vicious, has 
been excluded under the immigration laws. The Cubans themselves 
who belong to the race of color seem to look with equanimity on this 
result, for they have been opposed to negro immigration movements. 
They want the race question forgotten, and so long as their own civil 
and political equality is assured, they do not seem to be worrying 
about the coming of Spanish immigrants." 

Many changes for the better have taken place in Havana 
during the past two years. Yellow fever is no longer a bug- 
aboo : 

" In the early fall, when the disease was really epidemic, the health 
authorities issued warnings against Americans coming to the island 
and taking unnecessary risks. They were especially emphatic against 
parties of tourists coming, and advised that these hold off until the 
middle of December. Now there seems to be no special caution neces- 
sary on this point. Several days of cool weather reduced the number 
of yellow-fever cases so materially that its recurrence in violent form 
does not seem to be feared. The general health of the city is unusu- 
ally good, as is shown in the report of Major Gorgas, chief sanitary 
officer. I Havana even plumes itself on its small death rate as compared 
with other places. The city itself is so clean and wholesome that it is 
a delight to wander about it. I do not think that Havana, as it is to- 
day, would compare unfavorably with any city in the United States, 
and it is in far better condition than most of them. One might be in- 
clined to make a mild protest against vandalism that has been perpe- 
trated in the name of sanitation, and has resulted in destroying some 
of the picturesque and historic features of the old Havana. The, wall 
and the entrance to the Cuartel la Fuerza, on the water-front, with 
more than three and a half centuries of history, have been torn down. 
With them have gone the jailer's house and the sentry-boxes. All this 
has been done with the utilitarian notion of giving a freer sweep of air." 

Some concession has been made to American habits by 
the Havana hotels and cafe's : 

" The visitors who can not accustom themselves to a simple roll and 
coffee for early breakfast now can also get eggs and oranges. Most of 
them, after a vain endeavor to have the eggs boiled according to their 
liking, gave up the unequal struggle and managed to content them- 
selves until the midday meal, which is a substantial dinner. Those 
who are unable to satisfy their cravings with so little usually com- 
promise on fried eggs. But it is necessary to go into the side streets 
and hunt up one of the places bearing the sign ' American Restaurant ' 
if one wants the combination known as ' ham and eggs and pie,' which 
is the standard dish and is served at all hours. It was a Cincinnati 
man, stopping at the leading hotel of Havana, who clinched an argu- 
ment that the Latin race is an inferior one by calling for pie. When he 
failed to get it, he cited this as proof of inferior civilization. The story 
is not apocryphal. I heard the argument and saw its demonstration." 

Mr. Robinson says that Havana is looking forward to, 
preparing for, and hoping to see a large influx of tourists 
during the coming season. With the fever fairly out of the 
way, there is every reason to believe that the travel season 
will be busy and profitable, for both guests and hosts. 


Ad" Oberammergusher *' Attacks the View of" Argonaut Letters." 

Editors Argonaut : The chapter in " Argonaut Let- 
ters " on the Passion Play at Gberammergau has caused 
some discussion, and there are many who differ with the 
author in his point of view. How the play impresses the 
spectator is, of course, an individual question. But how- 
ever one may be affected by the play, and however one may 
differ with the view in " Argonaut Letters," there is no 
doubt of the extreme interest of that chapter in the book. 

Our party went to Oberammergau to witness the play, and 
slopped at the house of the High Priest, Andreas Lang, a 
wood-carver. Lang's wife sang in the chorus and his chil- 
dren were in the tableaux, so that our stay in Oberammergau 
was certainly in an atmosphere of " Passion Play," and we 
had a most excellent opportunity of seeing the players in 
their home life, as well as in the play itself. 

Our trip there was both satisfactory and enjoyable, for 
the reason that we were there not as critics, nor for the pur- 
pose of comparison, for in our limited experience we have 
learned that in order thoroughly to enjoy traveling and sight- 
seeing one must of necessity belong to the class referred to 
by Mr. Hart when he says : " One of the curious phases of 
this traveling age is the disposition of travelers to hoodwink 
themselves." So we turned our backs on our comfortable 
hotel in Paris, blinded our eyes to all the discomforts at- 
tendant on the trip, and journeyed from Paris to Oberam- 
mergau solely to see the Passion Play. 

We reached Oberammergau and our lodging-place. We 
did not see the small square of unbound rag carpet, three 
by four feet, trying to cover the dirty board floor of our 
eight-by-ten room. We did not notice the narrow single 
beds, with their bard, uneven mattresses, and that most 
abominable of inventions, a feather-bed for covering. We 
did not look at the furniture, which was of a kind that would 
not be admitted to an average second-hand store in America. 
We resolutely shut our eyes to the really dirty and untidy 
house, the rooms of which were strangers to broom or 

Our "entertainment" at the High Priest's we speak of 
pridefully, for the words have a royal ring. But it is a case 
where too much detail spoils the story, and we always stop 
with the simple statement that we were " entertained by the 
High Priest," letting the vivid imagination of our hearers 
supply the further description. We secretly pray that their 
imagination will not permit them to see our *' High Priest" 
as he was in his shirt-sleeves and with his trousers tucked 
in the tops of his boots, waiting on the table. 

We lodged at the house of the High Priest without 
'* seeing," we partook of the meals placed before us without 
" tasting," and when shown to our sleeping apartments we 
were blind to our surroundings. We were in Oberam- 
mergau ; we went there to see the Passion Play, to enjoy it, 
and we did ; not because we were there to be critical, but 
because of an exactly opposite purpose. So we smiled at 
what we would not submit to in our own fair land, paid our 
excessive bills as though it were a pleasure, sat through the 
play without a thought of weariness, and only once did we 
allow worldly thoughts to come into our minds, and that was 
when a German just back of us thought it his duty to ex- 
plain the play to his wife in loud tones. Then we could not 
restrain a wish that he might be nailed to the cross in 

We were deeply interested in the play and the players, 
but when we saw our table-waiter a High Priest in the play, 
our chambermaid one of the soloists in the chorus, and the 
little urchin who handled our traveling- bags a shining angel, 
it rather suggested to us that to enjoy Oberammergau we 
must, " having eyes, see not." We admired the " Christus " 
during the forenoon, but at the noon intermission saw him 
selling his copyrighted autograph pictures for one mark 
each and indulging in beer, and our reverence for him 
was terribly shattered. 

*• St. John " received us in his shop and exhibited his 
wares, at slightly advanced prices, and his copyrighted auto- 
graph photographs at the usual price. We called on 
" Mary," and found her a charming and amiable young 
woman, speaking English fairly well. But she, too, was 
selling copyrighted autograph photographs, which seemed to 
us beneath the dignity of the character she assumed on the 

But we reasoned that to be critical of the players, their 
habits, surroundings, and their extreme commercial interest 
in our pockets, meant a loss of enjoyment of that which we 
had journeyed far to see. So viewing the play from a 
position opposite to that of Mr. Hart in his Oberammergau 
chapter, we must say that we thoroughly enjoyed it ; not by 
comparison, but for itself alone, and without considering the 
players or the play in connection with any others. He is 
perfectly just in his criticism of the players, but it is only by 
not using the spectacles through which he looked that we 
" Oberammergushers " got our pleasure in going to see the 
play. Clark Lee. 

New York, December 20, 1900. 

The amount of stamps sold in Borneo and Labuan during 
1S99 was $100,000, but the postage paid on letters sent from 
these two colonies never exceeds the sum of $4,000 a year. 
The remainder, $96,000, may be presumed to find its way 
into albums all over the world. 

A syndicate has been formed in London to purchase an 
out-of-date Atlantic liner and fit her upas a miniature Monte 
Carlo Casino. The plan is to moor her off the English 
coast, just outside the three-mile limit, and run a big game. 
The English Channel, off Brighton, is the place chosen. 
Launches are to run back and forth to meet the London 
trains. The boat will be a floating hotel as well as a gam- 
bling resort. Nominally it will be a club, but any man be- 
longing to any recognized club in Europe can easily obtain 
admission upon the payment of a nominal fee. The pro- 
moters say making money is not so much their object as 
providing a place where Englishmen can gamble. It is 
estimated that the cost of fitting out the club will total 
two hundred and fifty thousand dollars, while more than 
that is already subscribed. 


January 7, 1901. 


New York Brokers Gleeful Over Soaring Prices— Conditions Under- 
lying the Boom — Annual Jollification on the Eve of 
the Holidays— Business and Sport. 

It has been a merry Christmas indeed for Wall Street, for 
the year is closing with an unequaled volume of speculative 
activity, and the brokers, as well as all on the bull side of 
the market have made big money. The past week was the 
most remarkable in the history of the Stock Exchange. It 
made a new record for the largest transactions for a week, 
for a Saturday, for two hours, for one hour, and for a half- 
hour, and nearly reached the highest mark known for a 
single day's transactions. Every day the sales of stocks ex- 
ceeded a million shares, a result never before attained. Last 
Saturday, in the two hours of trading, one million six thou- 
sand shares were sold, a record of more than one hundred 
thousand above any previous Saturday. And prices, which 
have been soaring for a month, are still on the up-grade, 
with no indications of a turn in the tide. With this flood of 
business, the demand continuing strong even when large 
holdings are released for profit-taking figures, all big opera- 
tors are happy and confident. It is not a matter for wonder 
that fitty-two thousand dollars is bid for a seat on the ex- 

The contrast with the condition of the market a year ago 
is striking. Then, the panic of December 1 8th was hardly 
over, rates for money were high, and trading was exceed- 
ingly cautious, for the boldest were depressed. But the ad- 
vance in prices has been remarkable since the reelection of 
McKinley in November. The more active stocks are from 
fifteen to eighty points higher than they were a year ago. 
It has been a harvest of millions for the owners of the lead- 
ing securities. Such holders of railroad stocks as W. K. 
Vanderbilt, J. Pierpont Morgan, the Gould estate, Russell 
Sage, Mrs. Hetty Green, James J. Hill, D. O. Mills, and 
James K. Keene may reckon up their gains in seven-figure 
periods, not less than twenty millions having been added to 
the accumulations of the most fortunate one among those 
named. John D. Rockefeller, who has also traded in some 
of the leading stocks during the year, as well as continuing 
at the head of stockholders in Standard Oil, is many millions 
richer through the sharp advance in values. 

When the gong sounded at half-past twelve last Satur- 
day, business on the exchange closed. for three days, and 
never was the holiday spirit more rampant. Unusual prep- 
arations had been made for the annual revels. A Christmas- 
tree thirty feet high, and covered with electric-light bulbs 
and burlesque gifis for members of the exchange, stood 
near the Broad Street entrance, in front of the galleries, 
balconies, and bay-windows. Garlands of evergreen, flags, 
and streamers of bunting were displayed on all sides, out- 
doing all efforts at decoration known in other times. The 
galleries were packed with fashionably dressed women, the 
relatives and friends of members having secured good 
places, while many visitors who had received tickets of ad- 
mission struggled vainly to reach a position where they 
could witness the inspiring scene to advantage. 

Without delay the programme was begun. The electric 
lights on the Christmas-tree blazed out, the Seventh Regi- 
ment Band, stationed on a platform in the rotunda, sounded 
its instruments in a crash of harmony, " My Country, 'tis of 
Thee," and from the high gallery showers of bright-colored 
confetti descended, flung far and wide by the hands of the 
messengers in charge of this feature of the spectacle. The 
brokers on the floor sang the words of the patriotic air, and 
caught fire on the instant it was finished. Dignity was 
flung to the breezes and young and old danced and ges- 
ticulated, jostled and clutched each other, smashed hats and 
shouted gleeful greetings. Few were spared in the wild 
rout. Occasionally a broker wearing a vaccination-tag on 
the sleeve of his coat would be released hastily by the 
neighbor who had grasped him, a fellow-feeling prompting 
the aggressor to consideration, but all bore their hurts good- 
naturedly. Neckties were unknotted with haste and irrever- 
ence, and buttons, sleeves, and coat-tails suffered at the 
hands of boisterous merry-makers, but the revel continued 
for a time without interruption, till the floor was covered 
with the multi-colored bits of paper scattered from aloft, and 
■ flung across the big hall. 

At length President Keppler secured a semblance of 
order in a small circle about the platform which he had 
mounted, and in a short speech he congratulated the mem- 
bers on the prosperity of the times, and told them that they 
should be thankful for the good things they were enjoying. 
An ivory-and-gold gavel was presented to him at the close 
of his address. C. E. Knoblauch, one of the popular mem- 
bers of the exchange, a Harvard man of wit and humor, 
and with a record as a Rough Rider with Governor Roose- 
velt, forced his way through the crowd and began the, dis- 
tribution of the presents from the tree. He was assisted 
by Isidor Wormser, the banker, and the two were bom- 
barded furiously with paper balls while at their labors. 
There was endless fun in the gifts and their presentation. 
Archie Pell was the first recipient, and the token of re- 
membrance handed down was supposed to represent a 
family tree and was marked "The Royal Family." It was 
a collection of playing-cards arranged in royal flushes, 
pasted on a green cloth. Robert P. Doremus, commodore of 
the Atlantic Yacht Club, was given a massive beer 
"schooner." F. D wight Porter received a gorgeous blonde 
doll, which Broker Knoblauch styled " a gay soubrette." 
There were toy automobiles, toy coaches, cigar-cases, ink- 
stands, axes, a base-ball catcher's mask, monkeys on sticks, 
and every contrivance that could be connected in a humorous 
way with the pursuits or fads of the individuals remembered. 
During chis ceremony inflated rubber figures of lambs, 
fat calves, and other animals came floating through the air 
from the upper regions. Songs of more originality than 
merit \r e sung, and impromptu parades organized. To 
the mus;r of the band ill-assorted couples of jolly mem- 

bers danced two-steps, waltzes, and galops, and those who 
could not dance indulged in even more surprising antics. 
At the last many women came down from the galleries and 
joined their husbands and friends in the parade, tilt a grand 
chorus of the national air concluded the jollification. 

At the Consolidated Exchange there were similar scenes. 
The Eighth Regiment Band furnished the music, and a 
later and more imposing feature was a complete vaudeville 
entertainment on a stage prepared for the occasion. Here, 
as at the other exchange, there were crowds of handsomely 
attired women, and their enjoyment was equal to that of the 
men while the elaborate entertainment continued. 

New York, December 26, 1900. Flaneur. 

God's Magic. 
Crowned with a floating splendor of flame, the sun 
Sinks, and from west to east the windless air 
Flushes with tremulous warmth of rosy gray ; 
Golden and purple and blue, the low clouds hang 
Above the low-ebbed sea thai glimmering heaves 
With long innumerous shudder of rippling surge 
Beyond the wide moist sands. Eastward the Night 
Climbs slow with hooded brows, and languid Day 
Kirtles her robe fantastical, and leans 
To take the embrace of darkness. Heaven and earth 
Keep silence ; strangely sounds as in a dream 
Thy dear voice low and grave ; and hushed and charmed 
We wait the mystic change that brings the stars 
And croon of shadowy seas. Dear, in this pause. 
This magical suspense of dreaming skies, 
Our spirits draw nearer, and more close we feel 
The Eternal Presence. Veiling flesh is naught, 
And naught the hurrying hours ; the abysm of space 
Measureless is a span ; and rolling suns, 
And swaying seas, and seeming solid earth 
Are shadows tricked in hues that change and fade, 
Are dreams that melt before the Enchanter's breath 
That moves the faery world, and thee and me. 

— Charles Camp Tatelti in The Spectator. 

Professor George Davidson gives from the manuscript of 
his " History of the Discovery of San Francisco Bay," the 
following data concerning Lone Mountain Cross, which was 
destroyed a few days ago : 

" Lone mountain is 468 feet above the sea. It is a part of the ceme- 
tery grounds ot the Roman Catholic Church. The original wooden 
cross was erected thereon by direction of the Most Rev. Alph. Ale- 
many, between May 10th and 23d, 1S62. The builder was Thomas 
Doyle. The first cross raised within the limits of San Francisco, near 
the northern part of the peninsula and overlooking the Pacific 
Ocean and the Golden Gate, was that fixed by Captain Rivera 
and Father Palou, on the rocky summit of Point Lobos, 380 feet 
above the sea. The ceremony took place on Sunday, December 4, 
1774, at high noon. Faiher Palou remarked iliat " up to this time this 
locality had never received the footprint oi Spaniard or any Christian." 
The second cross was raised by Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza and 
Father Foret on the very extremity of La Punt-i del Cantil Blanco, the 
present Fort Point, on March 28, 1776. "where nobody had ever 
been." At the loot of the cross was buried an account of the expedi- 
tion. The point was then a rocky promontory, stretching into the 
Golden Gate, and was 9754 feet above the sea. Subsequently it was 
covered with a Spanish battery of ten guns. About the time of the 
Civil War it was cut down by the United States engineers and the 
present brick fort erected on the base." 

Many merrymakers on the streets of San Francisco the 
last night of the old year were the victims of a practical joke 
which was meant for them, but might have failed of its pur- 
pose. A youth appeared in the crowd wearing a tall hat, 
apparently of glossy silk ironed to a high polish. Almost 
everybody seemed to be drawn irresistibly to the shining 
tile, and nearly every hand went out toward it for a slight 
caress or a more emphatic rap. But the youth smiled and 
made no complaint. Then the ladies in amazement cried : 
" Oh, my ; how did I get that black grease on my dress — 
on my gloves ? " The men looked in surprise at their black- 
ened hands. The tall hat had been thickly covered with a 
combination of stove-polish and oil. 

Every school-boy, as Lord Macaulay would say, knows 
that the halfpenny in Scotland is called a " bawbee," but 
how it came to receive that name is not a matter of such 
common knowledge. It appears (says the Liverpool Post) 
that the first attempt at the portraiture of the unfortunate 
Mary, Queen of Scots, was made in her earliest infancy, 
and her " wee " face was engraved upon the Scottish half- 
pennies at the time of her coronation in 1543, when she was 
but nine months old. A number of these small coins are 
still preserved, and it will be easily understood that the 
name " bawbee," or baby, was originally given to the coin 
bearing the baby's effigy. 

One of the many picturesque and interesting incidents of 
the Holy Year was the recent reception by Leo the 
Thirteenth of Donna Carolina Tanturelli, an aged lady from 
Perugia, who attained her hundred and first year early in 
January last. On account of her great age the Pontiff 
granted her a private audience. Much to his surprise, 
Donna Carolina reminded him that they first met in her 
late husband's house in 1S50, "fifty years ago," and, added 
she : " We were neither of us very young then." The 
Pope, who is only nine years her junior, was greatly 

For the first time since the adoption of the present con- 
stitution of Kentucky, that portion of the section providing 
that if no single member of the court has been longest in 
commission, the members longest on the bench shall draw 
lots for the position of chief justice, will be put into opera- 
tion. Justices Paynter and Guffy were elected to seats on 
the appellate bench during the same year and will draw for 
honor. Some of their friends have suggested that as both 
are to sit for two years yet, each shall serve as chief justice 
for a year. This suggestion may be adopted by them. 

The Luxembourg museum has purchased several pictures 
displayed at the Paris Exposition. Among these are Walter 
McEwen's "A Sunday in Holland" and Humphrey John- 
son's " Portrait of a Woman," both from the United States 


Fraulein Isolde Bulow, a daughter of Frau Cosima 
Wagner, by her first husband, the pianist, is about to 
marry Herr Beuthner, professor of the pianoforte at Bay- 

Queen Victoria's new-year's honor list includes the name 
of Hiram S. Maxim, who was born in Maine and who is 
the inventor of the automatic system of fire-arms. He is 

A strange coincidence in the passing away of Mrs. Calvin 
S. Brice was the fact that she died in New York at the 
same hour on the second anniversary of the death of her 
husband, Senator Brice, of Ohio, 

Booker T. Washington has received a letter from 
Andrew Carnegie announcing a gift of twenty thousand 
dollars for the erection of a library building for Tuskegee 
Institute. The building will be erected entirely by student 

Professor Edward A. Ross, formerly of Stanford Uni- 
versity, has been engaged by the Nebraska University. 
Professor Ross is to begin work in February at a salary of 
two thousand dollars a year. This creates a new position 
for him, as the university already has a professor of 
political economy. 

William Waldorf Astor received a Christmas present in 
the form of a decision from Judge Andrews, of the supreme 
court of New York, relieving him from the assessment of 
two millions of dollars placed upon his personal property by 
the commissioners of taxes and assessment for 1S99, on the 
ground that he was then a resident of London and had 
been for several years, and should not have been assessed 
at all on property in New York. 

Sir John Tenniel, who has just retired from Punch after 
fifty years' connection with the paper, is now in his eighty- 
first year. Tenniel' s early ambition was to become a painter 
in oils, and, although his art was self-taught, he exhibited, 
while he was yet a boy, a painting at the Gallery of British 
Artists, and succeeded in selling it. At twenty-five he was 
a successful candidate in a cartoon competition in Westmin- 
ster Hall, and painted a fresco in Westminster Palace. His 
first work to attract attention was an illustrated edition of 
" ^Esop's Fables," published in 1848, and three years there- 
after he began his famous contributions to Punch. Some 
of his political cartoons have been the cause of much com- 
ment. Sir John was knighted in 1893. 

Lord William Leslie de la Poer Beresford, who died in 
London on December 28th, was born on July 20, 1S47, be- 
ing the third son of the fourth Marquis of Waterford. He 
was educated at Eton, and joined the Ninth Lancers in 1867. 
The greater part of his service in the army was in India, 
and he was noted for his courage in battle and his daring 
feats of horsemanship. He was military secretary to three 
viceroys, but whenever he had a chance he went off to take 
part in one of the " little wars" so frequent a few years ago. 
For one deed of heroism he received the Victoria Cross. 
Lord William married the Dowager Duchess of Marl- 
borough in 1895, and since then had been living quietly in 
England. He was the elder brother of Lord Charles Beres- 

Professor William Wallace Campbell, who has been ap- 
pointed director of the Lick Observatory, is a native of Ohio 
and is still a young man, being only thirty-nine years of 
age. He graduated from the University of Michigan in 
1 886, returning there in 1888, after a short term as professor 
of science in Colorado University, to succeed Professor 
Schaeberle as director of the Michigan Observatory, where, 
his comet observations won him fame. His astronomical 
observations in Georgia and in India, where his wife acted 
as his assistant, have distinguished him throughout the 
world. Professor Campbell's wife was Miss Elizabeth 
Thompson, of Grand Rapids, Mich., a sister of the late 
Professor Thompson, of Yale. The couple have three sons, 
Wallace, Douglass, and Kenneth, all born on Mount 

Miss Clara Clemens, daughter of " Mark Twain," is 
about to make her dibut as a singer in New York. Miss 
Clemens spent several years abroad studying music under 
excellent teachers. Her first instruction in Europe was re- 
ceived from Marianne Brandt, after which she went to Lon- 
don and placed herself under the direction of Mme. 
Blanche Marchesi. She is to engage in concert work, and 
will make her first appearance in New York under the man- 
agement of the successful feminine impresario^ Miss M. L. 
Pinkham. The debutante's repertoire includes songs of all 
schools, many of the choice pieces of European singers. 
Her long residence abroad has given her a ready command 
of foreign languages that enables her to deal with the ease 
of fluent knowledge with the various idioms of the original 
texts, giving her an important advantage over many Ameri- 
can singers. 

Major Count Ferdinand von Walsin Esterhazy, who figured 
so prominently in the Dreyfus case, and who was denounced 
by Mathieu Dreyfus as being the writer of the famous 
bordereau which brought about the two convictions of 
Captain Alfred Dreyfus, on the charge of treason, has sunk 
into utter misery. His divorced wife's suit against her 
mother, the Marquise de Betancourt, for an allowance, on 
the grounds that she is in profound distress and unable to 
support or educate her young daughters, has brought forth 
the following letter, written by the major to his wife, and 
dated London, November 1st : "I have been unable to 
write to my children recently, not having the money to buy 
a postage stamp. I am at the last extremity of strength, 
courage, and resources. 1 have not eaten for two days until 
this morning in the workhouse. I have no clothes, am 
shivering with cold, and am compelled to warm myself by 
entering churches and museums." 

January 7, 1901. 



His Rash Marriage to Anne Hathaway— Inci- 
dents of His Career as an Actor, 
Dramatist, and Poet. 

Hamilton W. Mabie, the eminent critic and 
essayist, has made a thoroughly pleasing contribu- 
tion to Shakespearean literature in his latest work, 
"William Shakespeare: Poet, Dramatist, and 
Man," and in spite of the many biographies and 
studies that have preceded it the book contains much 
that is new and nothing that is not of value. Mr. 
Mabie traces Shakespeare's career from boyhood 
with care, and, assuming nothing in his favor, as 
deliberately rejects unproved assertions against his 
fame. His studies of the plays and poems are 
marked by the insight of a sympathetic yet cultured 
nature, and his conclusions are stated with fairness. 
The romance in Shakespeare's life, and the various 
circumstances that joined in the development of his 
gifts are noted with full appreciation. 

Of Shakespeare's rash marriage to Anne Hatha- 
way when he was only eighteen and she eight years 
his senior, Mr. Mabie gives all the facts that have 
been so far discovered. He says : 

Although Shottery is in the parish of Stratford, 
no record of Shakespeare's marriage to Anne, the 
daughter of Richard Hathaway, has been found in 
the parish register. In the Edgar Tower at Wor- 
cester, however, a bit of parchment in the form of a 
marriage bond furnishes conclusive contemporary 
evidence. By the terms of this bond, signed by 
Fulk Sandells and John Richardson, husbandmen 
of Shottery, it is affirmed that no impediment existed 
to the marriage of William Shakespeare and Anne 
Hathaway. The document is dated November 28, 
1582, and the bondsmen make themselves respon- 
sible in the sum of forty pounds in case any im- 
pediment should be disclosed subsequently. The 
bond stipulates that the friends of the bride shall 
consent to her marriage, and, in that event, the cus- 
tomary reading of banns in church may be dis- 
pensed with and the marriage take place at once. 
Three parishes within the diocese in which the con- 
tracting parties lived are, in accordance with the law 
and custom of the time, named in the bond, in any 
one of which the marriage might have taken place. 
The registers of two of the parishes have been 
searched without result ; the register of the third 
parish disappeared at the time of the fire which 
destroyed the church at Luddington in which it was 

Marriage bonds were not uncommon in Shake- 
speare's time, but they were not often entered into 
by persons in Shakespeare's position : 

The process was more expensive and conrplicated 
than the " asking of the banns," but it offered one 
advantage : it shortened the time within which the 
ceremony might take place. The bridegroom in 
this case was a minor by three years, and the formal 
assent of his parents ought to have been secured ; 
the bond, however, stipulates only that the friends 
of the bride shall give their consent. In such bonds 
the name of the groom or of his father usually ap- 
pears ; in this case no member of Shakespeare's 
family is named ; the two bondsmen were not only 
residents of Shottery, but one of them is described 
in the will of the bride's father as " my trustie friende 
and neighbour." The circumstances seem to sug- 
gest that the marriage was secured, or, at least, has- 
tened by the family of the bride ; and this surmise 
finds its possible confirmation in the fact that the 
marriage took place about the time of the execution 
of the bond on November 28, 1582, while the poet's 
first child, his daughter Susannah, was christened in 
Holy Trinity, at Stratford, on the twenty-sixth day 
of May, 1583. It has been suggested on high au- 
thority that a formal betrothal, of the kind which 
had the moral weight of marriage, had taken place. 
The absence of any reference to the groom's family 
in the marriage bond makes this doubtful. 

Mr. Mabie says it is perilous to draw any infer- 
ence as to the happiness or unhappiness which came 
into Shakespeare's life with his rash marriage : 

It is true that he spent many years in London ; 
but when he had been there only eleven years, and 
was still a young man, he built a home for himself 
in Stratford. He became a resident of his native 
place when he was still in early middle life ; there 
is evidence that his interest in Stratford and his com- 
munication with it were never interrupted ; that his 
care not only for his family but for his father was 
watchful and efficient ; there is no reason to doubt 
that his visits to his home were frequent ; there is 
no evidence that his family was not with him at 
times in London. In this aspect of his life, as in 
many others, absence of detailed and trustworthy 
information furnishes no ground for inferences un- 
favorable to his happiness, his integrity, or his au- 
thorship of his own works. . . . 

His daughter Susannah was born in May, 1583 ; 
in February, 1585, his twin children, Hamnet and 
Judith, were baptized. He had assumed the gravest 
responsibilities, and there is no reason to doubt that 
he felt their full weight. Stratford offered him 
nothing which would have been anything more than 
drudgery to such a nature as his. To London, 
therefore, in 1586, he made his way in search of 
work and opportunity. 

Mr. Mabie is inclined to believe that Shakespeare 
connected himself with the theatre in London at the 
very start, and that the stories which associate him 
with the theatre in the humblest way are true in sub- 
stance, if not in detail. He adds : 

The best known of these is that which declares 
that he began by holding, during the performances, 
the horses of those who rode to the theatres. It was 
the custom of men of fashion to ride ; Shakespeare 
lived in the near neighborhood of both theatres ; 
and James Burbage, the father of Shakespeare's 

friend, the actor, was not only the owner of the 
theatre but of a livery stable close at hand, and may 
have given him employment. This story first ap- 
peared in print in 1753, and it was then an old tra- 
dition. The poet was not long in finding his way 
from the outside to the inside of the theatre. 

If he did not attain eminence as an actor, he 
knew the stage business and the management of a 
theatre from first-hand knowledge, and down to the 
minutest detail : 

No man has ever kept the theory and the practice 
of an art more thoroughly in hand or in harmony. 
The plays hold the first place in poetry to-day be- 
cause their literary quality and value are supreme ; 
they were successful in the poet's time largely be- 
cause they showed such mastery of the business 
of the playwright. Shakespeare the craftsman and 
Shakespeare the artist were ideal collaborators. 
Rowe's statement that "he was received into the 
company then in being at first in a very mean rank " 
has behind it two credible and probable traditions : 
the story that he entered the theatre as a mere at- 
tendant or servitor, and the story that his first ser- 
vice in his profession was rendered in the humble 
capacity of a call-boy. The nature of the work he 
had to do at the start was of no consequence ; what 
is of importance is the fact that it gave him a foot- 
hold ; henceforth he had only to climb ; and climb- 
ing, to a man of his gifts and temper, was not toil 
but play. 

Shakespeare's success as a playwright soon over- 
shadowed his reputation as an actor, but, either as 
actor or share-holder, he kept in closest touch with 
the practical and business side of the theatre : 

He was for many years a man of great prominence 
and influence in what would to-day be known as 
theatrical circles ; and while his success on the stage 
was only respectable, his success as share-holder and 
manager was of the most substantial kind. Shake- 
speare's name appears on many lists of principal 
actors in his owd plays, and in at least two of Ben 
Jonson's plays ; according to Rowe, his most 
notable role was that of the Ghost in " Hamlet" ; 
one of his brothers, in old age, remembered the 
dramatist's rendering of the part of Adam in "As 
You Like It " ; he is reported to have " played some 
kingly parts in sport." The stage tradition, as ex- 
pressed by an actor at a later period, declared that 
he "did act exceeding well." That he was not a 
great actor is evident ; it was fortunate for him and 
for the world that his aptitude for dealing with the 
theatre was sufficient to give him ease and compe- 
tence, but not enough to divert him from the drama. 
His experience as actor and manager put him in a 
position to do his work as poet and dramatist. He 
learned stage-craft, which many dramatists never 
understand ; his dramatic instinct was reinforced by 
his experience as an actor. He must have been an 
intelligent and careful actor, studious of the subtle- 
ties and resources of his art, keenly sensitive to 
artistic quality in voice, intonation, gesture, and 
reading. His address to the players in "Hamlet" 
is a classic of dramatic criticism. That Shake- 
speare kept in intimate relation with the theatre as 
actor and manager until 1610 or 161 1 there is no 
question ; his interest as share-holder was probably 
kept up until his death. 

The stages of Shakespeare's growth as a poet, 
says the writer, are as clearly marked as the stages 
of his growth as a dramatist. Between " Venus 
and Adonis" and " Romeo and Juliet" there inter- 
vened several years of experience, observation, ex- 
perimentation, and unfolding : 

The publication of his poems gave Shakespeare 
another constituency and a new group of friends, 
and brought him recognition and reputation. In 
the eight years which followed its appearance no less 
than seven editions of "Venus and Adonis" were 
issued, and " The Rape of Lucrece " was in its fifth 
edition when the poet died. In exchanging the 
writing of plays for the writing of poems, the poet 
passed from an occupation which shared to a consid- 
erable extent the social indifference or contempt 
which attached to the actor's profession to one in 
which gentlemen were proud to engage. He be- 
came, for the time being, a man of letters ; he 
thought of readers rather than of hearers ; he gave 
his work the care and finish of intentional authorship. 
He had become known to the theatre-going people 
as an actor of skill and an adapter of plays of un- 
common parts ; he now became known as a poet. 

Shakespeare was fully appreciated in his own 
day : 

In the Christmas season of 1594 he acted at court 
before Queen Elizabeth, and the fact that his plays 
were repeatedly presented in her presence indicates 
her liking for his work and her purpose to show 
him favor. A playwright upon whose words crowds 
hung in the Rose and the Globe ; whose great 
passages were recited again and again in the 
palaces at Greenwich, Richmond, and Whitechapel ; 
whose poems, having passed from hand to hand 
among his friends, appeared in rapidly succeeding 
editions ; to whom many contemporary writers 
paid glowing tribute ; and who counted among his 
friends some of the most brilliant and influential 
men of his time, can hardly be regarded as having 
escaped the notice of his age, or as so obscure as to 
raise the question of his authorship of the work 
which bears his name. 

Mr. Mabie is of the opinion that those who re- 
gard the sonnets as pure and deliberate autobi- 
ography, containing a definite confession to be 
literally interpreted, probably stray as far from the 
truth as those who dissociate the poet entirely from 
his work and regard the sonnets as technical exer- 
cises only : 

The habit of the age and the marked and con- 
sistent objectivity of Shakespeare's mode of expres- 
sion, make it highly improbable that he laid his 
heart bare by putting in historic order and with 
entire fidelity of detail a passional experience which 

had searched his spirit as with a lighted torch held 
aloft in the darkest recesses of his nature. The 
truth probably lies between these two extremes of 
interpretation ; it seems probable that the sonnets 
are disclosures of the poet's experience without being 
transcriptive of his actual history ; that they em- 
body the fruits of a great experience without reveal- 
ing that experience in its historic order. Literal, 
consecutive recitals of fact the sonnets are not, but 
they are autobiographic in the only way in which a 
poet of Shakespeare's spirit and training, living in 
his period, could make his art the vehicle of auto- 
biography : they use the material which experience 
had deposited in Shakespeare's nature, but they hide 
the actual happenings in his life behind the veil of 
an elaborate art and of a philosophy with which the 
thought of Western Europe was saturated in his 
time. The sonnets may be read as the poetic record 
of an emotional experience which left lasting traces 
behind it, and as a disclosure of the mind of the poet ; 
but they can not be safely read as an exact record of 
fact. The poet, as Shelley suggests, was willing to 
intrust his secret to those who had the wit to under- 
stand it. 

That Shakespeare was of a social disposition, and 
met men easily and on pleasant terms, is evident 
from the extraordinary range of his knowledge of 
men and manners in the taverns of his time — those 
predecessors of the modern club : 

That he enjoyed the society of men of his own 
craft is evident both from his own disposition and 
from the fact that he stood so distinctly outside the 
literary and theatrical quarrels of his time. The 
tradition which associates him with the Mermaid 
Tavern, which stood in Bread Street, not far from 
Milton's birthplace, is entirely credible. There he 
would have found many of the most brilliant men 
of his time. Beaumont's well-known description in- 
clines one to believe that under no roof in England 
has better talk been heard : 

" What things have we seen 
Done at the Mermaid 1 heard words that have been 
So nimble and so full of subtle flame, 
As if that every one from whence they came 
Had meant to put his whole wit in a jest. 
And had resolved to live a fool the rest 
Of his dull life." 

Shakespeare returned to Stratford about 1611. 
He was forty-seven years of age, and therefore at 
the full maturity of his great powers : 

From the standpoint of to-day he was still a 
young man ; but men grew old much earlier three 
centuries ago. The poet had been in London 
twenty-five years, and had written thirty-six or 
thirty-seven plays and a group of lyric poems. He 
was still in his prime, but he had lived through the 
whole range of experience, he was a man of con- 
siderable fortune, and he had a wholesome ambf 
tion to become a country gentleman, with the inde- 
pendence, ease, and respect with which landed 
proprietorship has always been regarded in Eng- 
land. His sources of income had been his plays, 
which were paid for, in his earlier years, at rates 
varying from twenty-five to sixty dollars — equivalent 
in present values to two hundred and fifty and six 
hundred dollars ; his salary as an actor, which was 
probably not less than five hundred dollars a year, 
or about three thousand dollars in present values ; 
the returns from the sale of his poems, which ran 
through many editions, and the profits of which his 
publisher undoubtedly shared with him on some 
acceptable basis ; and, most important of all, his 
revenue from his shares in the Blackfriars and Globe 

The Globe Theatre provided room for an audience 
of about two thousand people, and for a number of 
years before its destruction by fire, in 1613, was 
almost continuously prosperous : 

The transference of public interest to the boy act 
ors, though long enough to send Shakespeare's com' 
pany into the provinces, was comparatively short- 
lived. It is estimated that the annual receipts of the 
Globe Theatre did not fall below the very consider- 
able sum of two hundred thousand dollars in current 
values. After providing for the maintenance of the 
theatre there must have remained a substantial 
profit. This profit was divided among the share- 
holders, among whom were Shakespeare, Burbage, 
Condell, Heminge, and Philips ; all were actors and 
members of the company, and combined personal 
interest and practical knowledge in theatrical man- 
agement. The profits of the Blackfriars Theatre 
were smaller. Shakespeare's great popularity after 
1598 or 1600 probably enabled him to secure much 
larger returns from the sale of new plays than were 
paid to the majority of playwrights ; while the fees 
always distributed at court performances must have 
amounted, in his case, to a very considerable sum. 
From these various sources Shakespeare probably 
received, during the later years of bis life, not less 
than fifteen thousand dollars a year in current values. 
The poet had become the owner of various proper- 
ties at Stratford or in its neighborhood. The houses 
in Henley Street had come into his possession. The 
house at New Place, in which he took up his resi- 
dence, was a commodious and substantial building ; 
and the grounds, with the exception of a thin wedge 
of land on Chapel Lane, extended to the Avon. 
His circumstances were those of a country gentle- 
man of ample income. 

Early in 1616 Shakespeare had a draft of his will 
prepared, and this document, after revision, was 
signed in March. On Tuesday, April 23d, he died ; 
and two days later he was buried inside the chancel 
of Holy Trinity Church, near the northern wall : 

Over his grave were cut in the stone, lines that have 
become familiar throughout the English-speaking 
world : 

" Good frend for Jesus' sake forbeare 
To digg the dust encloased heare ; 
Bleste be the man that spares thes stones, 
And curst be he that moves mv bones." 

William Hall, who visited Stratford in 1694, de- 
clared that these words were written by the poet to 

protect his dust from clerks and sextons, " for the 
most part a very ignorant set of people," who might 
otherwise have consigned that dust to the charnel- 
house which was close at hand. The verse, by 
whomever written, has accomplished its purpose, 
and the sacred dust has never been disturbed. With 
a single exception, the line of graves which extend 
across the chancel pavement is given up to mem- 
bers of the poet's family. His wife, his daughter 
Susannah and her husband, and his granddaughter 
Elizabeth's first husband, Thomas Nashe, lie to- 
gether behind the chancel - rail in the venerable 
church which has become, to the English-speaking 
world, the mausoleum of its greatest poet. 

Mr. Mabie's volume is worthy of its subject, and 
the publishers have given it a fitting dress. In 
paper, print, illustrations, and binding it is notably 

Published by the Macmillan Company, New 
York ; price, $6.00. 

A Thackeray Feast. 

Perhaps the one feast which clings most closely to 
the reader's memory is that described by Thackeray 
in one of his charming essays ; though how far this 
may be defined as a " feast in fiction " is a question 
for the casuist. "The piece is," says the Comhill, 
"less known in these degenerate days than it de- 
serves, and a quotation may be pardoned even by 
those persons of a right turn of mind who know 
their Thackeray. The dinner in question was eaten 
at the Cafe Foy — for whose locality the modern 
tourist will consult his Baedeker in vain." The 
account of this dinner is too long to quote in full, 
but one can not refrain from extracting the bill of 
fare and the description of the beefsteak : 

" We had : 

" Potage julienne, with a little pure'e in it. 

" Two entrecotes aux epinards, 

*' One perdreau truffe', 

" One fromage roquefort, 

" A bottle of Nuits with the beef, 

" A bottle of Sauterne with the partridge. 

"And perhaps a glass of punch, with a cigar 
afterward, but that is neither here nor there. . . . 
After the soup we had what I do not hesitate to call 
the very best beefsteak I ever ate in my life. By the 
shade of Heliogabalus ! as I write about it now, a 
week after I have eaten it, the old, rich, sweet, 
piquant, juicy taste comes smacking on ray lips 
again ; and I feel something of that exquisite sensa- 
tion I then had. I am ashamed of the delight which 
the eating of that piece of meat caused me. G. and 
I had quarreled about the soup . . . ; but when we 
began on the steak we looked at each other, and 
loved each other. We did not speak, our hearts 
were too full for that ; but we took a bit, and laid 
down our forks, and looked at one another, and 
understood each other. There were no two individ- 
uals on this wide earth — no two lovers billing in the 
shade — no mother clasping her baby to her heart — 
more supremely happy than we. Every now and 
then we had a glass of honest, firm, generous Bur- 
gundy, that nobly supported the meat. As you may 
fancy, we did not leave a single morsel of the steak ; 
but when it was done, we put bits of bread into the 
silver dish, and wistfully sopped up the gravy. I 
suppose I shall never in this world taste anything so 
good again." 

» ♦ * 

A tremendous effort is being made to boom Mr. 
Hornung's novel, " Peccavi." Rows of sandwich- 
men bearing in huge letters the title of the novel 
have paraded the streets of London, and the news- 
paper advertisements have been unique in style and 
in size. The main story of " Peccavi" is said to be 
essentially true, and was discovered by a legal friend 
of Mr. Hornung's in looking through some old 

Henry James, who now lives at Rye — the scene of 
Thackeray's unfinished story, "Denis Duval" — has 
written for Scribtier's Magazine an interesting paper 
on the place and the story. 






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January 7, 1901. 


Short Stories by A. Quiller-Couch. 

Among present-day novelists of England there is 
not more than one as versatile as A. Quiller-Couch, 
or "Q,"as he has signed many of his works. In 
sustained fiction, romantic and modern, short 
stories that are novel in situation and finished in 
style, and philosophical essays in literary criticism, 
he has again and again shown his command of the 
art that awakens slumbering interest, carries it 
easily, and satisfies with diction suited to his sub- 
ject the most exacting of readers. His latest vol- 
ume, " Old Fires and Profitable Ghosts," a collection 
of fifteen short stories, contains some of the best ex- 
amples of its kind. Its title is not reassuring ; in- 
deed, to some it may be repelling, for it smacks of 
mysticism and the terrifying, but the stories are for 
the most part attractive and tender. In but three or 
four of them is there any effect that depends upon 
means beyond the natural, and none is grewsome. 

"The Seventh Man" tells of a strange appear- 
ance in the Arctic regions that served to awaken the 
weary, half-torpid watchers for the ending of the 
long night, and carry them through to safety. " A 
Pair of Hands " is the story of a lonely house where 
two phantom hands, like those of a little girl, did 
many an act of kindness and cheer. " The Lady of 
the Ship" recounts the strange adventures that 
befell the crew of a vessel and the one beautiful 
passenger wrecked on the English coast. These, 
with one mystical tale of "Joseph Laquedem," a 
Jewish youth who identified himself with the porter 
of Pilate, eighteen hundred years after his cruel act 
at the entrance of the judgment hall, are all that 
border on the supernatural. 

"The Lady of the Red Admirals" is a story of 
the kind deception practiced on a doting father, old 
and blind, waiting patiently the return of a sailor 
son who had gone down with his ship years before. 
Letters written monthly by a gentle niece kept his 
heart up till the end came. This, and "Once 
Aboard the Lugger," are perhaps the most charm- 
ing of the stories. The latter, the author explains 
in his preface, was expanded into a longer story 
after it was first written, and is now given in its 
original form. It tells of a young minister called to 
a little church in a sea-coast town, and the plans 
formed at once by the young women of the place to 
win his heart. One girl, the daughter of a fisherman, 
beautiful and strong, yet poor and looked down 
upon, sacrifices her maidenly modesty and shyness 
in a desperate effort to gain the prize, and her beauty 
and audacious wooing carry the day. She calls the 
minister out at night, on a pretended summons 
from a suffering parishioner, and carries him away 
in her boat, out upon the moonlit sea. Then she 
confesses her falsehood and pleads her own cause, 
and though the young minister will not hear at first, 
he can not long withstand her gentleness and de- 
spairing love. 

Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New 
York ; price, $1.50. 

A Builder of Greater Britain in the Far East. 
Great Britain owes her position in the Far East 
more to Thomas Stamford Raffles than to all poli- 
ticians and treaties. Biographies of this natural 
leader and diplomatist are not numerous, and the 
volume by Hugh Edward Egerton, entitled "Sir 
Stamford Raffles : England in the Far East," will 
deservedly receive appreciation ancfrpraise. Its sub- 
ject is an inspiring one, and, at this time, when 
all civilized nations are deeply interested in the 
questions demanding wise treatment in the Ori- 
ent, the story of those years of struggle and 
carefully planned movements in the first quarter of 
the eighteenth century can not be too well known. 
From 1805, when young Raffles, at the age of 
twenty-four, was appointed assistant secretary to 
the governor of Penang, for nearly twenty years he 
was one of the leading spirits in furthering the com- 
mercial interests of his country in a region where 
the Dutch had held a monopoly up to that time, 
and without shedding a drop of blood, unsupported 
by ministers at home, criticised, snubbed, and cen- 
sured, he finally succeeded in removing every imped- 
iment and secured for Great Britain her fair share of 
the Eastern trade. 

From Penang to Malacca, to Calcutta, to Java, 
wherever there seemed opportunities, Raffles made 
his way, and his course was always upward. Al- 
though he was forced to leave school at fifteen, and 
his education was sadly lacking, his energy and in- 
dustry made up the deficiencies. He studied as 
well as worked. He was a man of thought as well 
as action, and nis papers to this day are models of 
comprehensive knowledge and foresight. His set- 
tlement with native princes, his services to Java, his 
laying out of Singapore, are but incidents in a re- 
markable career, and his judgment and courage in 
all extremities were never overdrawn. Among the 
great men of England there have been few who de-' 
served as fully all the honors and esteem which they 
enjoyed. The biography is an entertaining book. 
It is concise and clear. It contains a fine portrait, 
folded maps of the Malay Islands, and a copious 

Published by Longmans, Green & Co., New 
York ; price, $i 50. 

The Embarrassing Gratitude of a Jinnee. 
F. Anstey h; s more than once in his stories vent- 
ured into tL regions where necromancy and the 

spells cast by curious relics of the Far East bring 
about amazing results among people of to-day. 
Two of his earlier efforts in this line, "Vice 
Versa" and "The Tinted Venus," were happily 
conceived and well carried out. His latest story, 
"The Brass Bottle," suffers by comparison with its 
predecessors, or because its effects are not entirely 
fresh. It describes the complications which arose 
from the purchase of a strangely shaped brass 
bottle at a sale of oriental odds and ends. A young 
and struggling architect makes the purchase, to 
please the learned professor who has the good fort- 
une to be the father of the heroine of the story. 
The bottle is not considered valuable by the pro- 
fessor, and the young architect opens it in despera- 
tion, hoping to find an ancient manuscript or some 
other valuable inclosure. A Jinnee, who has been 
imprisoned in the bottle for two or three thousand 
years, is released by the young man's rash prying, 
and in gratitude to his deliverer attempts to shower 
fortune and fame upon him. 

From this time the architect's troubles, which had 
been ordinary before, become wildly extraordinary. 
Camels loaded with precious stones and rich stuffs 
from India appear at his door, to the scandal of the 
neighborhood and the terror of his housekeeper. 
His reasonable plans for his first patron are super- 
seded by fanciful designs on Moorish lines, and the 
country residence rises in a night, like a dream, and 
is finished in barbaric splendor, much to the amaze- 
ment and disgust of the wealthy merchant. The 
professor and his wife and daughter are entertained 
in Oriental magnificence with strange dishes and 
fruits, when they are invited to a modest supper, 
and, to crown all, the feast is supplemented with a 
revel of dancing-girls in Turkish costumes. 

These are but a few of the embarrassing incidents, 
and the utmost endeavors of the architect are barely 
sufficient to check his ancient and grateful servitor. I 
He finally offends him, succeeds by a ruse in getting 
him back in the bottle, and returns to his original 
condition. Then the sky clears. The story is 
amusing, and the author's fertility of resource con- 
tinues surprising to the end. 

Published by D. Appleton & Co., New York ; 
price, $1.50. 

America Before Columbus. 

In two massive volumes P. De Roo presents 
a " History of America before Columbus," and the 
work displays an enormous amount of research and 
painstaking verification of records. The author 
found the clew to his studies in the secret archives of 
the Vatican, and much of his work is drawn from the 
papers there. The record of earlier knowledge of 
America than came through Columbus, or even the 
discoveries of the Northmen, was not to be ignored, j 
and he resolutely possessed himself of all that could i 
be found. His labor did not end with translation and 
verification. From the books of later historians, 
and from the annals of scientific societies engaged 
in research, he drew all that could be compiled with 
certainty, and his work is not only valuable but in- 
teresting as well. It will surprise many readers who 
have imagined that there was little to be found in 
written records antedating the Genoese discoverer. 

Published by the J. B. Lippincott Company, Phil- 
adelphia ; price, $6.00. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
"The Love-Letters of Victor Hugo," written by 
the great Frenchman to his fiancie. Mile. Adele 
Foucher, from 1820 to 1822, and "The Love-Letters 
of Bismarck," written to his fiancie and wife, 
Fraulein Puttkamer, will be published in February. 

"Audrey" is to be the title of Mary Johnston's 
new novel, which is to run as a serial before being 
brought out in book-form. Like " To Have and to 
Hold," it is a romance of Virginia, its period being 
the early eighteenth century. 

A curious item in the history of book-selling is 
offered by the record of " Ben Hur." The sales of 
General Lew Wallace's masterpiece during 1900 were 
about 4,000 copies in excess of those of 1899 ; the 
sales of 1899 were about 2,000 copies ahead of those 
of 1898, and so on back to 1880, when, as every- 
body knows, for a few years only a few hundred 
copies of the book were disposed of. Since then, 
however, over 700,000 copies have been sold. 

Paul M. Potter's dramatization of " Under Two 
Flags " has been accepted by David Belasco, and a 
special production will be made of the play with 
Blanche Bates in the principal part. The drama is 
in five acts and nine scenes. 

James Lane Allen's "The Mettle of Your -Past- 
ures," which was announced a year ago and was 
generally thought to have been finally published 
under the title of "The Reign of Law," is a dis- 
tinct novel, which will probably see light sometime 
in the spring. It has been so far withheld, as, for 
certain reasons, Mr. Allen wished to bring out " The 
Reign of Law " first. 

The new and cheaper edition of the Stevenson 
letters contains one from Alan Breck to Private 
Terence Mulvaney, with Alan's comments on the 
changes in the art of war since the days of his skir- 
mish in the roundhouse of the brig Covenant. 

Since the Appletons' " Cyclopedia of American 

Biography" was completed, in 1889, many men 

I then comparatively unknown have become famous, 

' and for this reason General James Grant Wilson, 

senior editor and projector of the original cyclo- 
pedia, has prepared a new supplementary volume 
covering nearly two thousand names of Americans 
and adopted citizens who have attained distinction in 
various walks of life during the past twelve years. 

Horace E. Scudder has just finished the first draft 
of his biography of Lowell. It is to be published 
early in the autumn of 1901. 

An authoritative and sympathetic " Life of the 
Emperor Frederick," father of the present Kaiser, 
edited from the German of Margaretha von Posch- 
inger, with an introduction by Sidney Whitman, is 
to be brought out next month. 

In the last number of the London Academy is a 
symposium of opinions from famous literary men on 
books which have appeared in 1900. Among them 
Frederic Harrison says that "The only first-class 
book of 1900 has been Maurice Hewlett's ' Richard 
Yea-and-Nay.' " 

Julian Ralph, who is slowly convalescing, has 
been obliged to give up newspaper work for the 
time, but has found plenty of occupation in making 
two books. The first one now finished and in press 
is called " At Pretoria," and is a second collection of 
the letters he wrote from the Transvaal war. The 
other book upon which he is at work is a compila- 
tion of the most interesting articles which were 
contributed to The Friend, that unique newspaper 
maintained by and for the British army on the 
immediate field of war at Bloemfontein. 

Laurence Hutton has added some new anecdotes 
about dogs to his book, " A Boy I Knew and Four 
Dogs," and a new edition will be brought out with 
an addition to the title, thus : " A Boy I Knew and 
Four Dogs, and Some More Dogs." 

An amusing story is told by Mrs. Duncan Stewart 
of a meeting with Froude in July, 1880. She asked 
Mr. Froude what she should reply to Mr. Tennyson 
if he asked her what she thought of his last wretched 
poems. " Oh, say ' Blessed sir, would I presume," " 
returned Froude. 

Polish enthusiasm for the novelist, Henryk 
Sienkiewicz, is so great that the Poles intend to 
celebrate his twenty-fifth " literary anniversary " by 
the gift to him of a fine house and estate. 

"An illustration of the manufacture of unique 
books," says the Athenceum, "comes from Paris. 
A publisher of that city obtained permission to 
print at the Imprirnerie Nationale an idition de 
luxe of Paul Verlaine's ' Parallel em ent,' on the 
margins of which were lithographed the designs of 
M. Bonnard. When the minister, to whom is sent 
the first impression of every book printed at the 
national printing establishment, received his copy 
of the publication, he at once condemned it, and 
refused to allow it to appear under the segis of the 
Impriraerie, insisting on the whole impression being 
destroyed. An arrangement, however, was event- 
ually arrived at by which the covers, titles, false 
titles, and last pages were destroyed, and supplied 
by some other less responsible printer. This left 
the minister to rejoice in the possession of the only 
copy of the genuine first edition." 

In Memory of Ruskin. 

Of all the monuments that may be raised to the 
memory of Ruskin, none is likely to be more inter- 
esting than the block of Borrowdale stone recently 
placed on the crest of Friars Crag, Derwentwater, 
near Ruskin's home. The spot has a peculiar ap- 
propriateness. "The first thing I remember as an 
event in life," he writes, "was being taken "by my 
nurse to the brow of Friars Crag, Derwentwater." 
The foregoing words are inscribed on the stone, to- 
gether with this inscription from " Deucalion " : 

" The spirit of God is around you in the air you 
breathe — His glory in the light you see, and in the 
fruitfulness of the earth and the joy of His creatures. 
He has written for you day by day His revelation, 
and He has granted you day by day your daily 

On the opposite side of the monolith, facing the 
lake view which Ruskin described as " one of three 
most beautiful scenes in Europe " (says the 
Academy), is a bronze medallion, by Signor 
Lucchesi, representing Ruskin in his prime. The 
head is in profile and in high relief ; a crown of 
olive is seen in the background over the head, and 
among its leaves is introduced Ruskin's motto, " To- 
Dav." The inauguration of this finely conceived 
memorial was as simple as one could wish. The un- 
veiling was done by Mrs. Severn. 

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January 7, 1901. 



" Songs of Bohemia." 

The volume of Daniel O'ConnelTs poems, col- 
lected since his death, is well named " Songs of 
Bohemia." They are the songs of a true Bohemian 
— songs of sentiment, of genial fellowship and 
mirth, of happy memories, of woodland and sea- 
shore, of bright and cloudy days. In the appre- 
ciative yet candid biographical sketch which pref- 
aces the book, William Greer Harrison says : " He 
wrote for his friends. He wrote because the mes- 
sage in him demanded utterance. His message was 
noble — bis readers must determine the character of 
its utterance. . . . But his fugitive pieces, his good- 
natured satire, his merry conceits — these not being 
framed between boards, linger only in the memory 
of his intimates. Could they be collected, in them 
would be found a library in which all phases of life 
were presented." 

This selection is chosen first for its recurring apt- 
ness : 

As in the west the evening sun goes down, 
And, dying, glorifies with varied hues 
Of gold and purple all the floating clouds 
That saw him slowly sink below the verge ; 
So the old year to us — who, with a sigh, 
Mark his last hour, as tranquilly he fades — 
Lea%'es many a rich-hued memory behind. 

The twilight fades, the night goes by, anon 
The eastern sky is flushed with joyous clouds 
That wait expectant for the sun's return ; 
And as he climbs the blue, and gleams and glows, 
Gladdening the world and all life with the dawn, 
The clouds and peaks receive his kiss, and blush, 
So we, the fresh young New Year hail, nor grieve 
For that which in the solemn midnight died. 

The hope, the promise of some better things 

Than we have known, brightens dull hearts, as when 

A sunbeam swift from parted clouds breaks forth 

O'er meadows on a fitful April day, 

Chasing the shade to hide on hills and groves. 

The buried aspirations — though their graves 

Have not yet known a single season's change — 

Are all forgotten ; as the child who flies 

To grasp the gaudy moth, and, failing, turns 

To pluck a flower, which seems the richer prize. 

The storm-tossed sailor, when the wave is high, 
And bitter winds, ice-laden, sweep the deck, 
In dreams beholds the tropic summer seas, 
Where gentle zephyrs, with the perfumed breath 
Of fruited woodlands, sigh through shroud and sail. 
Thus, turning from the old year's cheated hopes 
And broken promises and erring deeds. 
We look beyond to pleasant scenes and paths 
Which virgin months shall smilingly disclose. 

Come, glad New Year, unwritten scroll, white page 
Where we may write the record of good deeds 
Long left undone — annals of brave resolve, 
Accomplished by sweet patience and strong will. 
Come, glad New Year, and make us strong and true ; 
And when you sink, sun-like, below the verge, 
Be we the clouds to wear for evermore 
The golden brightness of your memories. 

Here is a picture of the scene around which 
clusters many memories of early days in San Fran- 
cisco : 


Away from the din of the city, 

From the mart and the bustling street 

Stands the old church of the Mission, 
With the grave-yard at its feet. 

Here alone in the silence and shadow 

The crumbling belfries cast. 
Lies the dust of the Spanish founders 

Who reared the pile in the past. 

The willows and tall marsh-mallows 
Grow rank and luxuriant between 

The monuments moldered and ruined. 
The pathways neglected and green. 

There are curious Spanish inscriptions 

On the headstones, moss-grown and gray, 
Bidding those who stand over the sleepers 
" Be thoughtful and pause to pray." 

And sometimes a Spanish woman. 
Veiled and dark-eyed and brown, 

When the Angelus peals from the belfry. 
By the graves of her people kneels down, 

And tells her beads with devotion 

For the sleeper's eternal rest. 
Then noiselessly passes outward. 
With a flower from the grave in her breast. 
The delight which the singer found in " the gentle 
art " and its associations is mirrored in these rhymes : 


Of all books in my library, the one I cherish most 
Is a book of ringing poems, and I read them o'er 
and o'er ; 
They sing to me of woodland, they whisper of the 
When I watched the sounding river dash its waters 
on the shore. 

"Tis a fly-book, old and battered, and to its covers 
The scales of good fish captured in riffle and in 
pool ; 
And when I part those covers, the birds begin to 
And the south wind on my forehead blows lovingly 
and cool, 

And the low of homing cattle is borne up from the lea. 

How the murmur of the river is musical, yet 


For the voice of running water has ever been to me 

A monition of the progress of that mighty law of 


Saying, come into the woodland while thy heart 
doth still retain 
Its buoyancy and freshness, and breathe these 
pleasant airs ; 
To all men comes that moment when nothing will 
Of the memory of the past time but its worries 
and its cares. 

I look into my fly-book ; 'tis a gallery to me 
Of pictures of old places, old streams, old battles, 
The strong fish leaped and bounded in his struggles 
to be free, 
And I fought him through the river, past the 
bridge and up the glen. 

Thus, when weary of the city, and tired of other 
I gaze into my fly-book, and, lo ! is with me now 
The voice of homing cattle and the murmur of the 
And Mother Nature's greeting is pressed upon my 

This simple picture of love, joy, and sorrow is 
drawn with art : 


The berries stained her-dimpled face, 

And dyed her white dress here and there, 

As standing,' with a laughing grace. 
She twined the tendrils in her hair. 

The brambles round her fondly clung — 
I envied branch and thorn that day — 

The very woodland, when she sung. 
Seemed hushed, and listening to her lay. 

The pines, that lined the shadowed lane, 
And grew far down the rugged brake. 

Had changed their weird and sad refrain 
To one glad psean, for her sake. 

The purpled lips, so full and sweet ; 

The dainty hand, so round and fair — 
I could have fallen at her feet. 

In worship of her, smiling there. 

Another June, and in the wood. 

Among the berries in the lane, 
I stand where once my idol stood, 

But where she ne'er shall stand again. 

Comes from the pines a dreary dirge ; 

Comes from the sea a solemn moan ; 
And, oh ! your wailing, wood and surge. 
Is but an echo of mine own. 
The last of the poet's songs, written ten days be- 
fore his fatal illness, follows, speaking " his fare- 
well message to his world " : 


I have a Castle of Silence, flanked by a lofty keep. 
And across the drawbridge lieth the lovely chamber 

of sleep ; 
Its walls are draped with legends woven in threads 

of gold. 
Legends beloved in dreamland, in the tranquil days 

of old. 

Here lies the Princess sleeping in the palac&, solemn 

and still. 
And knight and countess slumber ; and even the 

noisy rill 
That flowed by the ancient tower, has passed on its 

way to the sea. 
And the deer are asleep in the forest, and the birds 

are asleep in the tree. 

And I in my Castle of Silence, in my chamber of 
sleep lie down. 

Like the far-off murmur of forests come the turbu- 
lent echoes of town. 

And the wrangling tongues about me have now no 
power to keep 

My soul from the solace exceeding the blessed 
Nirvana of sleep. 

Lower the portcullis softly, sentries, placed on the 

wall ; 
Let shadows of quiet and silence on all my palace 

Softly draw my curtains. . . . Let the world labor 

and weep, — 
My soul is safe environed by the walls of my chamber 

of sleep. 
The volume has as frontispiece a portrait of the 
poet, and is edited by Ina D. Coolbrith. 

Published by A. M. Robertson, San Francisco ; 
price, S r -50- 

New Publications. 

A new edition of Henry James's famous story, 

" Daisy Miller," with some thirty illustrations from 

drawings by Harry W. McVickar, has been brought 

out by Harper & Brothers, New York ; price, $1.25. 

"Book Two" of the New Education Readers 
Series is excellent in matter and manner. It is 
planned to cover the second twenty weeks* drill in 
reading. Published by the American Book Com- 
pany, New York ; price, 35 cents- 

" Intelligence in Plants and Animals," by Thomas 
G. Gentry, is a new edition of the author's privately 
issued " Soul and Immortality." It is an impressive 
work, containing many little-known facts-about the 
lower orders of life. Published by Doubleday, Page 
& Co., New York ; price, $2.00. 

The third volume of the Nature's Miracles Series 
by Professor Elisha Gray is entitled " Electricity 
and Magnetism." It is in the same practical, 
instructive, yet entertaining form as his earlier 
"familiar talks on science," and is concise and 
valuable. Published by Fords, Howard & Hulbert, 
New York ; price, 60 cents. 

In the attractive What Is Worth While Series the 
latest issues are " The Heresy of Parson Medlicott," 

by Imogen Clark ; "When Thou Hast Shut Thy 
Door," by Rev. G. H. C. Macgregor ; and "The 
Model Prayer," by G. B. F. HaJlock. Published 
by Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., New York ; price, 35 
cents each. 

The Puritan who gave Connecticut its first written I 
constitution, which acknowledged no power superior 
to the commonwealth, is the subject of John M. Tay- 1 
lor's biography, " Roger Ludlow, the Colonial Law- 
maker." It is a well-written study of a sterling 
character. Published by G. P. Putnam's Sons, ; 
New York : price, $1.50. 

" The Young Bandmaster," by Captain Ralph 
Bonehill, details the adventures of a youthful 
musician who played in an American army band 
during the fighting in Cuba ($1.25). " The Fortune 
Hunters of the Philippines,' by Louis Charles, is a 
story of impossible treasures (50 cents). Published 
by the Mershon Company, New York. 

"The Art of Writing English : A Manual for 
Students, with Chapters on Paraphrasing, Essay- 
Writing, Punctuation, and Other Matters," by J. 
M. D. Meiklejobn. is all that its title indicates. 
There are few text-books as well considered and as 
valuable in their instruction. Published by D. 
Appleton & Co., New York ; price, $1.50. 

The present discussion of the Eastern question re- 
ceives an important contribution in "The Problem 
of Asia and Its Effect upon International Policies," 
by Captain A. T. Mahan. The several chapters of 
the volume have been printed in magazines and re- 
views, but they gain in interest and weight in the 
collected form. Published by Little, Brown & Co., 
Boston ; price. 52.00. 

An elderly gentleman possessing independent 
means and a susceptible nature is the central fig- 
ure of Katharine Tyson's story, "Oh, What a 
Plague is Love t " The sons and daughters of 
j the old gentleman are obliged to make desperate 
\ efforts to protect him from match-makers, and the 
book gives the history of his last love affair, which 
] has a surprising outcome. Published by A. C. Mc- 
Clurg & Co., Chicago ; price, 75 cents. 

! The story of bold voyages by brave navigators 

1 during a thousand years is told in "The World's 

' Discoverers," by William Henry Johnson. It de- 

', scribes the work of Marco Polo, Columbus, Vasco 

! da Gama. Magellan, Verrazano, Frobisher, Francis 

Drake, Henry Hudson, Sir John Franklin, and 

others, and is suited to young and old readers. The 

j work is profusely illustrated. Published by Little, 

Brown & Co., Boston ; price, $1.50. 

Companion volumes in handsome binding are 

j "Among the Great Masters of Literature," and 

"Among the Great Masters of Music," by Walter 

Rowlands. Each presents engravings reproducing 

thirty-two famous paintings, portraits and historical 

events, and these are described with artistic skill, 

and many biographical details and interesting anec- 

l dotes are included in the text. Published by Dana 

I Estes & Co., Boston ; price, 51.50 each. 

Eight essays from the French of Camille Bel- 
[ laigue, translated by Ellen Orr, are presented in the 
I volume entitled " Musical Studies and Silhouettes." 
I Among the subjects of the studies are " Realism 
j and Idealism in Music," " Beethoven and His Nine 
! Symphonies," "Italian Music and the Last Two 
: Operas of Verdi," and " The Italian Sources of the 
I 'Orpheus' of Gluck." A number of fine portraits 
I illustrate the book. Published by Dodd, Mead & 
Co., New York ; price, Si. 50. 

Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace has collected his articles 
on evolution, descriptive zoology, plant and animal 
distribution, anthropology, and other important 
geological and physiological theories, contributed 
to reviews and periodicals during the past thirty-five 
years, and presented them in two compact volumes, 
with many illustrations, under the title "Studies 
Scientific and Social." They need no commenda- 
tion to serious readers and students. Published by 
the Macmillan Company, New York ; price, 

" A History of England, for the Use of Schools 
and Academies," by J. N. Lamed, is to be praised 
for both matter and manner. It is well written, 
with special attention to the growth of England's 
constitution and her territorial expansion into the 
British Empire. The social and industrial develop- 
ment of the nation is also treated comprehensively. 
The volume contains more than a hundred fine illus- 
trations, which have been selected with care. Pub- 
lished by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; price, 

Dr. William Hunter Workman and Fanny Bul- 
lock Workman, fellows of the Royal Geographical 
Society and members of the French Alpine Club, 
went to the East in October, 1897, for the purpose 
of seeing something of the treasures of Buddhist, 
Hindoo, and Mohammedan architecture and art, 
and spent more than two years in India, Ceylon, 
Java, Indo-China, and Burma. A notable result of 
their travels is a fine volume entitled "In the Ice 
World of Himalaya." It is the personal record of 
good observers and entertaining writers, and is illus- 
trated with sixty-seven engravings and three maps. 
Published by Cassell & Co., New York ; price, 



Jerome A. Hart 




AND SroiJIEE OF 1900 


Now Ready 

RC ONAUT LETT E RS makes a volume 

of about 500 pages, handgomely printed 

in large type, on heavy paper. There are 

gome 60 Illustrations from photographs. 

The book is richly houn d, with a 
unique cover design in gold, black. 

and crimson, by L. 31. UPTON. As 
the volume is printed only in response 
to requests for these letters in permanent 
form, the edition is a limited one. 
No plates have been made. It I s printed 
from new type and the type distributed. 
Th ose desiring it should therefore order 
at once. 

Opinions of the Press. 

"One of the most readable books of travel that 
have been issued in maay a day is ' Argonaut Letters.' 
The book is handsomely printed, and is illustrated 
with beautifully executed half-tones of photographs. 
The publishers have given the book a handsome 
dress." — San Francisco Chronicle. 

"In that delightful volume. 'Argonaut Letters,' 
there is hardly anything which has not the attraction 
of novelty. In paper, printing, and illustrations it 
is as perfect a volume as will be issued anywhere. 
It is so thoroughly a California book that it warms 
the heart to read it and see how loyal to California 
a person can be when he is abroad and enjoying the 
best that Europe or Africa has to offer." — Oakland 

"An attractive volume, beautifully printed, and 
handsomely illustrated is ' Argonaut Letters." There 
are no dull pages in it," — Oakland Tribune. 

"'Argonaut Letters' is the title of a fat, richly 
and profusely illustrated volume. These letters are 
among the very best works of travel which have 
come from any press. They are critical, witty, 
assertive, and searching. It is a book of delightful 
reading — the descriptions are vivid, strong, and 
photographic." — Sacramento Record- Union. 

" ' Argonaut Letters ' is a handsomely bound and 
printed volume, and is well illustrated. The letters 
are bright and clever." — San Francisco Bulletin. 

" ' Argonaut Letters' is entertainingly written and 
the volume is handsomely illustrated." — Portland 

" The clubman, the cynic, the editor, the tolerant 
man of the world, the observant critic, all peep out 
from the pages of 'Argonaut Letters,' and it is 
gratifying to note that European travel has not 
spoiled the author, and that he comes home an 
American citizen who is prouder than ever of his 
country. ' Argonaut Letters ' is handsomely illus- 
trated, well printed, and in every way a credit to 
California and the Pacific Coast." — Los Angeles 

"'Argonaut Letters ' are rarer . . . because they 
are unconventional. That constitutes the charm of 
these letters. They are extremely interesting. The 
volume is handsomely bound and illustrated and 
well printed." — Stockton Independent. 

'" Argonaut Letters' ... is made up of the 
recorded observations of an American intellect, at 
friction with European places and people. It con- 
tains that which many a more ambitious work does 
not. It is not the ordinary work of travel. Fifty- 
nine beautiful half-tones illustrate the work."— San 
Francisco News Letter. 

Price, $2.00, Wrapped for Mailing 

Forwarded, postage paid, to parties In the 
East and Europe on receipt of price. 



246 Sutter St., San Francisco 

Telephone James 2531. 


January 7, 1901. 

On Tuesday night, December 25th, in the year 
1900, at hours varying from ten o'clock to midnight, 
a large portion of the adult population of the 
United States of America was ejaculating with either 
outward or inward fervor, "Thank heaven, it's 
over 1 " They were referring to the merry Christmas- 
tide, and this chorus of thankfulness from a multi- 
tude of over-tired people is an annual occurrence. 
Nobody wants to do away with the season of gift- 
offering. It is, in spite of the annual harvest of in- 
digestion, too great a joy for the children, for whose 
delectation, primarily, the simple Christmas festivi- 
ties began. The shop-keepers have cause to be 
thankful that once a year, at least, economies cease 
and purse-strings are relaxed ; employees, that 
they receive from wealthy employers fat Christmas 
gifts that tide them over seasons of domestic 
worry and expense. People have a legitimate 
chance to express, in a practical manner, grati- 
tude for favors done. Long-standing friendships, 
that have become a little rusty and disused, are 
polished up and rehabilitated by the exchange of 
Christmas cordialities. In fact, in many ways, 
Christmas is a convenience and a boon, although 
the American people have been for many years 
bending their energies toward making of it an an- 
nual and groan-provoking burden. However, it is 
now safely over for another year. Jones has received 
from his wife a present of a Persian rug for her 
boudoir. Brown's, wife, who is the mother of eight 
children, and has renounced social dissipations, has 
been presented with a point : lace fan. Arabella, who 
hates Kipling, and always cuts his acquaintance, is 
the disgruntled owner of a brand-new and complete 
set of his works. Old Mrs. Fatpurse has again 
ignorantly kindled fires of black ingratitude in the 

, souls of all but the eldest of her five nieces by pre- 
senting gifts which climb a rapidly ascending scale 
of value and beauty, according to the respective 
ages of the recipients. And the donor has gone her 
way rejoicing, peacefully oblivious of the fact that it 
is human to disprize one's possessions when placed 
in direct contract with greater ones. Minerva, 

. who is serious, and confines her literary excur- 
sions to essays, biographies, and theological dis- 
quisitions, is the resigned possessor of a gayly 
bound volume entitled " A Chit of Sixteen," and 
people of small outlay and great expectations 
have emitted their annual snort of just indignation 
on discovering that their dear friends have accu- 
rately proportioned the financial status of their gifts 
to value received. And a very decently fair and 
growing proportion of people have weathered this try- 
ing season, and have kept their feelings from being 
made black and blue by exchanging graceful trifles 
where presence or absence, save for the pleasure of 
being remembered, cuts no great figure in the gen- 
eral economy of life. 

When we reflect how thoroughly our energies are 
absorbed in tiding over the Christmas season and 
remaining alive and sane, it is perhaps just as well 
that the holiday attractions are usually of so vacuous 
an order that they do not over-tax the powers of 
reflection. However, as there seemed to be a vague 
impression that the piece just played at the Cali- 
fornia Theatre, entitled " At the White Horse 
Tavern," had some excuse for being, I threw my 
custom there on the last night of its production. 
It turned out to be a mildly agreeable play, pre- 
sented by a group of mildly agreeable players, of 
whom the greater number are still in the kinder- 
garten stage of histrionic development. Sydney 
Rosenfeld, who wrote the play, had in mind the 
variety of types that turn up in twenty-four hours' 
time at one hostelry ; hence several of the person- 
ages of his little comedy offer chances for the 
players to attack the roles in the spirit of what is 
usually denominated " character-acting." This is 
generally rather an exhausting method of so over- 
elaborating the physical and mental characteristics 
of the type depicted that it forsakes all semblance to 
reality. In spite of this, however, the audience is 
generally diverted by it, and a large house rewarded 
the efforts of Messrs. Mower and Fenton, who 
represented respectively the crusty pessimist and the 
gentle optimist, with pleased murmurs of approval. 
Every one of the young actresses in the piece was 
pretty, and nearly all of them were delightfully 
young. They gave one the impression of entering 
into the spirit of the thing more by training than in- 
stinct (save the plump and pleasing hostess, Mme. 
Josepha, who was impersonated by Minerva Dorr, 
an actress of greater experience), and were evidently 
carefully tutored by some painstaking corporal be- 
hind the curtain. 

This play was produced in the East, under the 
majet' Frohman supervision with quite a flourish 
of trumpets, and I can imagine, with players of 

pronounced attractiveness and personality to fill 
out and give body to the numerous rSles, it might 
be quite an enjoyable performance. But these 
young things are too innocent of the meaning of 
art to do more than mildly titillate the sense of en- 
joyment and just keep one comfortably awake. 
The "quite immaterial" bride and groom, who 
chose the Alpine tavern as a stopping-place on their 
wedding jaunt, posed for long minutes with so 
closely locked a gaze that it is a wonder they are 
not cross-eyed for life. It never seemed to occur to 
these benighted young people that an occasional 
murmur would lend a little vraisemblance to their 
rapt contemplation of each other's noses. 

In the cheaper theatres it is getting to be quite a 
customary thing to select a group of presentable- 
looking, inexperienced young men and women, 
whose services can be secured at little cost, and 
carefully train them to go through a fairly accurate 
imitation of the work of talented and well-known 
players. In this way people may have a chance to 
see notable plays which have had a season of popu- 
larity and praise in the East. But personality is a 
great element in theatrical enjoyment, and such per- 
formances are as unworthy to be compared to the 
original as condensed milk to clotted cream. 

I observed with pleasure that Minnie Maddern 
Fiske is announced for an early presentation of 
" Becky Sharp." That is, indeed, something to 
look forward to. And Bernhardt and Coquelin will 
be with us later in " L'Aiglon." A sign of old age, 
1 fancy, that after their long desertion they turn 
their steps to a city so remote from Paris as ours. 
Even Sarah, who threatened at one time to be a 
second Ninon de l'Enclos, must grow old, and as 
histrionic wares do not as a rule improve, like wine, 
with age, their vender must seek a more extensive 
market. But her time is not yet, for she seems to 
have introduced the fashion of women assuming, in 
all seriousness, male parts— an odious custom that 
I sincerely hope will die, if not a sudden, at least a 
sure death. Bernhardt, of course, started it in 
"Hamlet" and "L'Aiglon," and Maude Adams, 
the frail little favorite of New York theatre-goers, 
has been pushed forward to play the same role in 
the English version of the latter play. 

I observe that in dramatic reviews of these per- 
formances the critics all seem to share a feeling of 
being oppressed by the discrepancy between the 
masculine role and the feminine player. How can it 
be otherwise ? What we seek first of all in the the- 
atres is to forget ourselves in the spontaneous charm 
or finished art of play and players, a state of mind 
that is impossible to accomplish when one's critical 
and fastidious feelings are in a state of revolt, and 
one's attitude is roused curiosity rather than intel- 
lectual anticipation. The womanly figure, the 
feminine tone of voice, are invincible obstacles to 
the successful assumption of masculine roles. One 
of the most striking personations of the kind I have 
ever seen by an actress was that of Julia Marlowe 
in the part of Chatterton, "the marvelous boy." 
Her get-up was excellent, and her features, unaided 
by stage make-up, accorded all the more with those 
of the seventeen-year-old poet, from the fact that she 
has a very firmly molded little chin, which lends 
character and strength to her beauty. The timbre 
of her voice passed on account of Chatterton's 
youth. It was the figure, whose delicately curved 
outlines, betrayed by the knee-breeches and stock- 
ings of the period, bespoke the woman. Chatterton, 
in a proud rage of misery and privation, was starv- 
ing to death. How superbly the exquisite little 
creature played ! It was a portrayal that closely 
approached to genius, She almost triumphed over 
the limitations imposed by her sex. Almost, but not 
quite. For swelling curve of hip and thigh, so 
beautiful and natural in woman, became prosaic 
plumpness in male dress, and the starving lad, when 
he threw aside his coat in the last burst of misery 
and despair, looked rounded and plump as a pros- 
perous robin. Josephine Hart Phelps. 

Henry Miller, after a long rest, has completely re- 
covered from the throat trouble which he contracted 
while in San Francisco last summer. Under the 
management of Wagenhals & Kemper he presented 
Madeleine Lucette Ryley's new play, " Richard 
Savage," for the first time in Rochester, N. Y., 
last Monday, and scored a most emphatic success. 
The author, who had come direct from London to 
see the performance, was present. The play was 
superbly staged and costumed, and the company in- 
cludes Mrs. Boucicault, Florence Rockwell, Jennie 
Eustace, Owen Fawcett, Arthur Elliott, and Joseph 

So impressed was Professor T. S. C. Lowe (after 
whom Mt. Low is named) with the scenic beauties of 
the trip up Mt. Tamalpais, that he wrote : " It is by 
far the grandest accessible outlook in Central Cali- 
fornia, and no visitor or local resident should fail to 
make frequent visits to its summit over its unique 
and substantial railroad. On clear days the view 
from the summit of Mt. Tamalpais is indescribably 
grand, and affords the only correct impression of 
the great and growing city of San Francisco and 
its magnificent harbor dotted with islands, and with 
more than one hundred miles in all directions of 
ocean, islands, and mainland." . 

Christmas charity : Beggar — " Ah, kind sir, be 
charitable I " Citizen — " I will — I won't call a cop." 

— Judge. 


The Virgin's Lullaby. 
Hush Thee, hush Thee, little Son. 
Dearest and divinest One ; 
Thine are all the untamed herds 

That upon the mountain go. 
Thine are all the timid birds, 

Thine the thunders and the snow. 

Cry not so. Husho, my dear ! 
Thunder shall not come Thee near 
While its roar shall frighten Thee. 

Mother holds Thee safe and warm ; 
Thou shalt walk upon the sea 

And cry " Peace " unto the storm. 

Thou shalt take the souls of men 
In Thine hand, as I a wren. 
But not yet, not yet, my Son. 

Thou art still a babe asleep ; 
All Thy glories are unwon, 

All mine own Thou art to keep. 

Some day I shall see Thee stand 
King and Lord of every land. 
Now I feed Thee at my breast, 

And delight to feel Thee near. 
Some day— Ah ! this time is best. 

Hush Thee, hush Thee, Babe most dear 1 
— Nora Hopper in The Cornhill. 

A Romany Lullaby. 
Hushaby ! Hushaby ! Sheep-bells are tinkling. 

Long lie the shadows on meadow and fold, 
Brooks babble drowsily, while crocus-blossoms 

Nod o'er the ripples their night-caps of gold. 

Baby, now hushaby ! List to my singing, 
Songs that thy grandmother learnt from the moon, 

Sang to thy mother thus wakeful before thee, 
Sleep in thy turn, baby ! sleep while I croon ! 

Hushaby ! Hushaby ! Flickering camp-fires 
Redden the dewdrops on meadow and fold ; 

White moths brush lightly thy cheek as they hover, 
Brushing my cheek are thy lashes of gold. 

Baby, now hushaby 1 Sleep to my singing ! 

Cold lie the sheep underneath the white moon, 
Warmly my little bird nestles beside me. 

Hushaby ! lullaby ! Sleep while I croon. 

— Edith de Charms in Bazar. 



Lenses replaced for 50 cents. 

Any Astigmatic lenses duplicated for SI. 00 and 
i SI .50. 

Guaranteed correct and best quality. 

Oculists' prescriptions tilled. Factory on premises. 
Quick repairing. Phone. Main 10. 

OPTICIANS>p HnT ^r H ' c * pp * MI w. 


642 Market 5t. instruments 

The passenger department of the Southern Pacific 
Company is preparing for the inauguration of regu- 
lar passenger service on the completed coast line to 
Southern California early in February. According 
to present plans, two new trains will be put on the 
run between here and Los Angeles, one of which 
will carry the through equipment of the New 
Orleans express. The other will be a fast Los An- 
geles express, making the same time between here 
and Los Angeles as is now made by the "Owl," 
which latter will continue on the time-card undis- 
turbed. The New Orleans train will leave here at 
7 p. M.) arriving in Los Angeles at 12:30 p. M. the 
following day, and north-bound will leave Los An- 
geles at 3 P. M. and reach here at 7:30 o'clock the 
following morning. The new Los Angeles express 
will make a daylight run each way daily. South- 
bound the train will leave here at 8 A. M. and reach 
Los Angeles at 10:45 p - M - ^ n tne other direction 
it willleave Los Angeles at 7:30 A. M. and arrive 
here at 10:45 p - M - The new Los Angeles express 
will be fully vestibuled, and will carry a dining-car 
and Pullman parlor-car. The south-bound train 
will connect with Monterey and the north-bound 
train will do likewise, the connecting train from 
Castroville arriving at Monterey and Pacific Grove 
about 8:30 p. M. A train will also leave Pacific 
Grove at 6:50 p. m., connecting at Castroville with 
the north -bound express." The date of the opening 
of the new coast line has not been determined upon 
as yet, but it will be early in February. 

There was a large cabin list on the Japanese 
steamer America Maru which sailed for Yokohama 
on Saturday, December 29th. The saloon was pret- 
tily decorated with greens and holly-berries and a 
huge Christmas-tree, lighted by miniature incan- 
descent globes of different colors, laden with 
innumerable pretty gifts and ornaments for the 
passengers and the officers of the vessel. 

Quality of Champagne. 

Without quality no article can maintain its 
prestige, but G. H. Mumm's Extra Dry did more. 
Importing several years back double the quantity of 
any other brand, it this year to Dec. 1, surpassed all 
records, importing 109,321 cases, or 72,169 more 
than any other brand. Special attention is called to 
the remarkable quality now imported. 


Cataloouc Free 


Fourth Week — Second Edition, Begins Monday, Janu- 
ary 7, igoi, of the Splendid Holiday Spectacle, 


By Ferris Hartman. A Charming Entertainment for 

Everybody. Hear the New Songs. See the New 

Dances, " The One I Love." 

Evenings at 8. Matinee Saturday at 2 Sharp. 
Popular Prices — 25c and 50c. Telephone Bush g. 


Beginning Next Monday, January 7th. First Time 
Here. Mr. William A. Brady Presents the Pastoral Idyl, 

-:- WAY DOWN EAST -:- 

The Sweetest Story Ever Told. By Lottie Blair Parker. 
Elaborated by Jos. R. Grismer. Coming — Mile. 
Dolores (Antoinette Trebelli) in Afternoon Concerts. 

Beginning Sunday Afternoon, January 6th. One Week 


The Idyl of the Arkansaw Hills. Laughter, Pathos, 
Tears. Special and Elaborate Scenery. Usual 
Popular Prices, Next— " A Breezy Time." 

Coming Mrs. Minnie Maddern Fiske. 

The Olracs ; Bettina Girard ; J. F. Crosby and Inez 
Forman ; the Willy Colinis ; Joe Santley ; Haw- 
thorne Sisters ; William Cahill Davis ; 
and the Biograph. Return for One 
Week of Shean & Warren. 
Reserved seats, 25c ; Balcony, 10c ; Opera Chairs and 
Box seats, 50c. Matinees Wednesday, Saturday, and 


February 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, and 14th 




Sale of Season Tickets begins next Monday morning at 
Sherman. Clay & Co.'s store, Kearny and Sutter Streets. 
Season Tickets Transferable. Prices, S», $7, and S5. 


1900-Wint er Me eting-1901. 

California Jockey Club 

Dec. 3lst to Jan. 12th, inclusive. 


Racing Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, 
Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Rain or Shine. 

Races start at 2:15 P. M. sharp. O 

Ferry-boats leave San Francisco at 12 M.,and 12:30, 1:00, 
1:30, 2:00, 2:30, and 3:00 p.m., connecting with trains stop- 
ping at the entrance to the track. Last two cars on 
train reserved for ladies and their escorts ; no smoking. 
Buy your ferry tickets to Shell Mound. All trains via 
Oakland Mole connect with San Pablo Avenue electric 
cars at Seventh and Broadway, Oakland ; also all 
trains via Alameda Mole connect with San Pablo Avenue 
cars at 14th and Broadway, Oakland. These electric 
cars go direct to the track in fifteen minutes. 

Returning — Trains leave the track at 4:15 and 4:45 p. m. 
and immediately after the last race. 
R. B. Milrov, Sec. Thomas H. Williams, Jr., Pres. 


SCENIC RAILWAY. (Via Sausalito Ferry.) 

Leave San Franciscoj commencing Sept. 30, 1900. 
WEEK DAYS— 6:15 a. m., 1:45 and 4:00 

SUND AYS — 8:00, 10:00, 11:30 a. m„ and 
1:15 p. m. 

New Tavern of Tamalpais now open. 
ROUND TRIP from San Francisco, $1.40 



We sell and rent better machines for less money than 
any house on the Pacific Coast. Send for Catalogue. 
Supplies of standard quality always on hand. 

536 California Street. Telephone Main 266. 

fCountry Cmfe 

v Luncheon | 
feS Specialties ' 

"An Invention to Delight the Taste" 

Country Club Luncheon Specialties 

Veal Cutlets. Pork Cutlets. Veal Loaf, Chicken Fricassee, Chicken a la Marengo, Sliced Chicken 
and Tongue, Tenderloin of Beel.Maccdoinc Stew, 

Products Of our new Scientific Kitchen, depicting the hlghert-accompjlshmentof culinary art 


January y, 1901. 




" Way Down East." 
After an absence of four years, Joseph Grismer, 
who has a host of friends and admirers in this city, 
returns to us, not as an actor but as manager of the 
company which is to produce Lottie Blair Parker's 
New England drama, "Way Down East." The 
success of this pastoral play has been remarkable. 
It ran for seven months at the Manhattan Theatre 
two years ago. enjoyed a run almost as long at the 
Academy of Music last season, and on tour the last 
few months has played to enormous business. Like 
"David Harum" and " Eben Holden," its success 
is due to the fact that it appeals to all classes. It 
pictures the peace and plenty of prosperous farm- 
life, and its leading characters are simple, quaint 
" Down East " types, such as Martha Perkins, the 
village gossip, who makes all the trouble for the 
heroine ; faithful Seth Holcomb, Martha's devoted 
slave ; the constable, Rube Whipple, who always 
has his eye on somebody ; Hi Holler, the chore- 
boy for Squire Bartlett ; the doctor, and the dear 
old squire himself, who, when not in a tantrum, is 
full of fun and humor. These and many other 
strong studies of New England folks are skillfully 
handled by Lottie Blair Parker, who wrote the play, 
and by Joseph R. Grismer, who elaborated it. The 
snow-storm effect which he devised for the third act 
is said to be the most striking thing of this kind 
which has been attempted on the stage. 

At the Tivoli. 

" Cinderella," which enters on the fourth week of 
its prosperous run at the Tivoli Opera House, is the 
only attraction in town which reflects the season of 
jollity and good cheer, and, as a result, the public is 
showing its appreciation by crowding the theatre 
nightly. A second edition of the extravaganza is 
announced for Monday night, when a number of 
new features will be introduced. Hartman will have 
a budget of new jokes and a comic ditty which has 
not been heard here ; Maud Williams will sing the 
latest Eastern hit, "The One I Love," with male 
chorus ; and Annie Myers has a semi-topical song 
entitled " Doing His Dooty-ooty." The antics of 
the dogs and cats, the frogs and toads, Cinderella's 
white Arabian ponies, and the beautiful transforma- 
tion scene aie still a delight to the little ones. 

When " Cinderella" has exhausted its popularity, 
"The Fencing- Master " is to be revived on an 
elaborate scale. 

"Human Hearts" at the California. 

Eduard Strauss and his excellent Vienna or- 
chestra will give their last concert at the California 
Theatre this (Saturday) evening, and on Sunday 
afternoon "Human Hearts" will begin a week's 
engagement. It is a rural melodrama of the 
" Shore Acres " type, and enjoyed a long run in the 
metropolis at the Fifth Avenue Theatre. It teaches 
a wholesome mora!, and is enlivened with several 
comedy scenes which are led up to naturally, and 
are not introduced as vaudeville specialties. There 
are some eighteen people in the cast, and four real- 
istic stage sets are called for. 

" A Breezy Time " will follow. 

The Orpheum's New Bill. 
There will be a complete change of programme at 
the Orpheum next week, and eight new turns will 
make up the bill. The Olracs, five in number, will 
head the bill. They are burlesque acrobats and are 
very clever. The other new-comers include the 
much-married Bettina Girard, who has entirely re- 
covered from her recent illness and deserted the 
comic-opera stage for vaudeville ; J. F. Crosby and 
Inez Macauley, who will present a sketch written 
for them by Joseph B. Cassell, the well-known local 
newspaperman ; The Willie Coliois, eccentric dan- 
cers ; Joe Santley, the noted boy soprano ; and 
Shean and Warren, who were here a short time 
ago and return for a week's engagement. The 
Hawthorne Sisters will change their skit, and there 
will be a new set of Biograph pictures. 

The Sarcey-Scholl Duel. 

The third volume of Sarcey's ' ' Forty Years in the 
Theatre" has just appeared in Paris, and this recalls 
to a French correspondent the episode of Sarcey's 
encounter with Anrelien Scholl, in regard to an ex- 
tremely offensive critique published by the latter in 
the Figaro. Its object was to force the pacific uncle 
into fighting his adversary, since Villemessant, 
founder of the Figaro, had wagered Scholl twenty 
pounds that Sarcey could not be induced to fight. 
The ruse succeeded, and the good uncle sent his 
seconds to M. Scholl, demanding immediate satis- 

" 1 hope you will not hurt me badly," said Sarcey 
to his antagonist, when the pair met on the ground. 

"Rest easy — I will be on my guard." replied 
Scholl, good-humoredly. 

" And if I am short of breath you will give me 
time to rest?" pursued the corpulent, peace-loving 

Scholl agreed to this also. But no sooner were 
the combatants in position than the appearance of 
three gendarmes on horseback forced them to retire 
to their carriages, and retreat at full gallop. 

Arrived at Maubeuge : " We can not return to 

Paris without having fought," said Scholl. omi- 
nously. "The injury was bloody ; its denouement 
must be so also." 

A hasty consultation, and Baden-Baden is decided 
on. Twelve hours' railway traveling, and the party 
arrive at the place chosen, a spot not far from the 
hunting lodge of the King of Prussia. It is Scholl 
who tells the story. 

" Sarcey put on an enormous pair of spectacles, I 
adjusted my eyeglass. 

" ' Allez, messieurs I ' 

" Clic I clac ! several thrusts — and I tear the 
sleeve of my adversary's shirt. A slight pin-prick, a 
mere leech-bite. But I was aided by Dr. Thevenet. 
a personage well known among duelists. This ex- 
cellent man had brought, in his surgical case, a 
small phial of blood, a portion of which served 
to color the wound more vividly. The remainder 
was poured on Sarcey's shirt." 

of teachers who are paying in their monthly contri- 
bution will never reap the benefit of it. H. 


Tne Teachers' Annuity Association. 

San Franxisco, December 28, 1900. 
Editors Argonaut : Mention is made in the 
daily press now and then of the Public School 
Teachers' Annuity Association when some teacher 
requests to be retired from active service. Many 
in the community, without going very deeply into 
the matter, have a general idea that the means for 
such retirement are from public funds. Such, how- 
ever, is not the case. It is only under public 
patronage in so far as the State-has passed a law 
encouraging and penuitting the teachers of the 
public schools to contribute to such a fund, and in 
appointing public officials in each county for the 
distribution and protection of the fund. 

But the public is interested in the matter, inas- 
much as the existence of such an association is a 
distinct benefit to the schools. It gives an oppor- 
tunity for the retirement of such teachers as through 
age or disability are a detriment to the children 
under their care. 

In this city the fund is supplied by the teachers 
paying each a monthly contribution of one dollar, 
giving an income of 3900, twenty-five per cent, of 
which is laid aside for a permanent fund. There is 
also in the treasury 510,000 which has been raised 
by the teachers' efforts. 

The monthly annuity allowed to each beneficiary 
is S50. As the number of annuitants at present is 
over thirty, there is an available income of less than 
S900. with an outgo of $1. 500. It is evident, there- 
fore, that there are troublous times ahead for the 
members of the association unless some plan is de- 
vised for an increased income. 

The teachers have made a great mistake in their 
management of affairs from the outset. Six years 
ago, when the State annuity law was passed, a 
clause was inserted allowing for the payment of 550 
to annuitants in this city, while in other parts of the 
State only $30 was to be paid. This, in face of the 
fact that there were no rrsources in sight, save the 
monthly payments made by the teachers. Immedi- 
ately on the passing of the law. several teachers were 
retired from service, and have since been drawing 
a yearly income of $Goo. They have therefore drawn 
upward of S^.ooo each — a rank injustice to the an- 
nuitants who come later. For, as things look now, 
the latter can not hope to draw more than half or 
even a quarter of this amount. Already notice has 
been given by the officials that with the begin- 
ning of the year the allowance for each annuitant 
will be much decreased for lack of funds. 

To begin with, 550 was a preposterous allowance, 
considering the entire lack of reserve funds at the 
disposal of the teachers. Fifty dollars is a very re- 
spectable income; it is the interest at six per cent, 
of $10,000 ; a small family can with frugality live on 
such an amount, and, as an annuity is supposed to 
be an aid rather than a support, it was a mistake to 
put it at such a figure- 
Contrast this sum with the pension of $30 which 
a rich government allows the widow of Rear- 
Admiral Philip, a man who served his country faith- 
fully for forty years, and did such valiant service in 
the Spanish- American War. 

Many of the teachers have come to see the error 
of their ways. Two years ago they framed an 
amendment to the law providing for the reduction 
of the annuity to $30 instead of 550. It did not 
become a law. 

If in six years they have over thirty annuitants, 
drawing $1. 500, it is reasonable to suppose that in 
ten years more they will have a hundred or more. 
At the present rate paid, that means $5,000 monthly. ! 
Where is it to come from ? 

Unless something is done to put the fund on a 
substantial basis, the annuities paid will dwindle to 
a mere pittance, or to nothing. It would be a 
matter of regret if this plan — which has done so 
much good and will do more by retiring aged teach- 
ers unable to work longer — should come to disaster 
for want of funds. 

The scheme has already been tried in other cities 
of the union, and with success. It behooves the 
teachers of this city then to try to put the financial 
part of their organization on a business-like basis. 
Reduce the annuity to a reasonable figure. Let it 
go down to 525, or even 520, if their resources will i 
permit no more, for it is manifestly unfair to give ' 
everything to present annuitants and to allow noth- I 
ing for those of the future. There should also be ] 
devised means for a substantial addition to the per- I 
man en t fund. 

About the most hopeful thing that could happen ' 
to the Annuity Association would be an endowment , 
from some wealthy well-wisher. If such an en- 1 
dowment were given and allowed to lie and accu- i 
mulate for some years, there might be some chance : 
of future prosperity for the organization. 

One thing is certain, unless something is done to ( 
change the financial aspect of affairs, the great body < 

A Filipino Prayer for Democratic Victory. 

Piedmont, Oakland, January i, 1901. 

Editors Argonaut : 1 inclose something 
unique which I have just received from my corre- 
spondent in Manila— it explains itself — I will vouch 
for its genuineness. It was published in the Filipino 
newspaper, Ang Kaliwanagan (The Light), the 
day of the election in the United States. The trans- 
lation is exact. 

It is at your disposition to publish if you choose. 
Yours respectfully, L. A. Booth. 

" We are short of nothing but a typhoon to-day, 
and there is no doubt it is through the elections in 
the United States. 

" This rain and these dark clouds appear to por- 
tend bad tidings. I fear the result of the elections 
may bring us grief, wherefore from now even the 
rain offers us our lot of grief. 

" But no ; although the last news notices tell of 
the Republicans possessing overbearing hopes of 
triumph, so do the Democrats, too. Finally, per- 
chance, may they both triumph. 

" But that can not be : however many candidates 
there may be, on only one can there fall the victory : 
this is the natural and so will it result. But who 
will be the one of God? Free us, Lord, from all 
ill. Amen, Jesus I 

" This day is indeed a day of strife in America ; 
on this d-iy will our fate be decided. 

" We must. then, all kneel down and recite the 
rosary of the fostering fatherland. 

" Kneel ye, and let me offer : 

"Open, Lord, our lips, to curse and criticise the 
chosen President who may not be satisfactory to us. 

" So be it, then, my God. 

" Glory to Bryan, glory to America, glory to our 
fostering fatherland, glory to the sons of the nation. 

" Grief to imperialism, grief to McKJnley, grief 
to his band. 

" Pardon, O God, the soul that loves our liberties. 

" Curse also. Lord, him who compels us to take 

' " Holy Liberty — be thou with us. 

" Holy right — be thou triumphant. 

" Holy victory — be thou with us. 

" Mother Philippines — be thou blessed. 

" Mr. Bryan — mayst thou triumph. 

"Celebrated Democracy — be thou supreme. 
Celebrated America — be thou honored- Our in- 
dependence — may we win thee. Aguinaldo's life — 
may it be one thousand year;,. My place — may it 
be that of a general. Battalion Anti-Judas — stand 
thou firm. Godfather Kamalay — live long. Our 
army — be thou great. By thy mercy, Lord, curse 
them that guard us. All this, Lord, be it so." 

may chance to be visiting the old country in August, 
ioor, to become members of the association, and to 
attend the three days' meeting in Exeter. 

I shall feel greatly obliged to any persons of 
Devonshire connections now in the colonies or in 
the United States who may see this invitation if 
they will write me, as soon as possible, with any 
particulars they can give me of the emigration of 
their family and its subsequent history- 
Yours faithfully, 

Sir Roper Lethbridge. 

At the Races. 
The big event at the Oakland track to-day (Satur- 
day) will be the fourth race, for the Naglee Selling 
Stakes, for three-year-olds and upward. The purse 
is 51.500. the distance seven furlongs, and the entries 
run up to seventy-five. The special races for next 
week include the McLaughlin Selling Stakes for 
two-year-olds and upward, on Thursday. January 
10th, for a purse of $1. 500, and the Fotlaosbee 
Handicap on Saturday, January 12th. The latter is 
a high-weight handicap for two-year-olds and up- 
ward, over a seven furlong course, for a $1 ,500 purse. 

" Ladysmith " is the title under which Bronson 
Howard's transformed " Shenandoah " is to be 
presented to the British public. The two principal 
characters will be a British officer and a beautiful 
Boer girl. A writer in a London paper says : " The 
author has now completed bis self-imposed task of 
rewriting the play with the view of rendering it 
suitable to the English stage. To effect this, he has 
transferred the action of the story to South Africa 
and substituted the struggle in the Transvaal for the 
American Civil War. Every trace of the latter has, 
as a matter of fact, been eliminated, and the piece 
now stands a purely English drama, appealing 
strongly and directly to the patriotic sentiments of 
the British. It is not, however, upon the war ele- 
ment contained in his play that Mr. Howard alone 
or mainly depends, for he has skillfully interwoven 
with the military incidents a love-story of a pro- 
foundly human and sympathetic nature." 

Devonshire Families and Descendants. 

The Manor House, Exbourne, 
Devon, England, 
December 5, 1900. 
Editors Argonaut : As president-elect of the 
Devonshire Association for.igoi, I am desirous of 
submitting to the association some notes on the his- 
tory and the distribution of the descendants of 
Devonshire families permanently or temporarily 
settled in the British colonies or in the United States 
of America, I also wish to invite any such, who 

The Lyman D. Morse Advertising Agency, one 
of the leading institutions of its kind in America, is 
the publisher of a decidedly clever and attractive 
booklet entitled " Morse's Agate Rule." It is full of 
matter of much value to advertisers, and should 
prove of great assistance to them. 

O^ontz School for Young' Ladies* 

Twenty minutes from Philadelphia, two hours from 
New York. Mr. Jay Cooke's fine property. For circulars 
address Miss Sylvia J. Eastman, Principal, 

Ogontz School P. O., Pa. 

Nearest the City. 




Lawn Plan. 

Telephone, Bosh 867. 


100 x 145 Feet. Near City Hall. 


Or building- will be erected to suit tenant 
over whole or part of lot on a ten years' 
lease. Deep lot, adjoining Studebaker Bros. 
Street in rear. 

218-320 Montgomery Street. 

A pure unvatl 
Scotch Whiskei 
Distilled by Royal I 
Warrant at "Bal- , V 

moral" the High- '; 
land ro:;:. -- c: 
RM. The Queen, i j 
Guarantied pure. 


January 7, 1901. 


On December 14th, the Chateau de Beloeil, one of 
the most magnificent mediaeval castles in Europe, 
the name of which for more than five hundred years 
has been associated with the house of Ligne, was 
destroyed by fire. All that remains standing of the 
castle is the blackened masonry of its outlying 
towers. However (says the New York Tribune's 
Paris correspondent), the pictures, bronzes, marbles, 
and other works of art, and most of the historical 
relics, including presents and mementos from the 
Emperor Charles the Fifth, from Philip the Second, 
from Marie Antoinette, and from Napoleon the 
First, have been saved. Among the pictures saved 
are the one hundred and twenty-five family portraits, 
canvases by Albrecht, Diirer, Holbein, Van Dyck, 
Rubens, and Velasquez. The superb Cranach, the 
value of which alone was estimated by insurance 
companies at seven hundred thousand francs, is 
intact ; so also are the famous bronzes by Cellini, 
the faiences by Bernard Palissy, the ivory carvings 
by Duquesnoy, the wooden spoon that belonged to 
Luther, the autograph letter of St. Vincent de Paul, 
the coral cabinet, a gift of Philip the Second ; the 
sword of Rubens, and the glaive with which the 
Counts Egmont and Horn were beheaded. The 
whole of the valuable library and all the old manu- 
scripts, which form one of the most precious collec- 
tions of the sort in existence, have also been 
preserved. The collection of firearms, the most 
complete outside any national museum, was saved. 
Not a single picture has been lost, and only four 
have been damaged, these being paintings on mural 
panels representing the mission of the Prince de 
Ligne on the occasion of the coronation of Queen 
Victoria. On the other hand, quantities of beautiful 
furniture and tapestry of the sixteenth, seventeenth, 
and eighteenth centuries have been destroyed, to- 
gether with rare collections of Saxe and Sevres por- 
celain. Eye-witnesses describe as most pathetic the 
sight presented by the prince, pale with emotion, 
begrimed with smoke, and bleeding from con- 
tusions caused by falling embers, standing amid the 
ruins of the home of his race, and now and again 
venturing into the flames at the head of a devoted 
band of villagers and firemen and rescuring his an- 
cestral relics. The prince, now in his forty-sixth 
year, is a highly cultured man of literary tastes. 
He has expressed his intention of devoting his 
whole life, energy, and resources to the reconstruc- 
tion of Beloeil, a task in which he will have the 
sympathy of all lovers of art throughout Europe 
and America. 

" Since the adoption of the automobile for fashion- 
able use in town there has been much doubt as to 
how the motormen should be rigged out," remarks 
the New York Sun, " A number of prominent per- 
sons-tried to settle on a costume. There was a diffi- 
culty m the way of following the Paris example. 
Over there, as the vast majority of such vehicles are 
propelled by gas or steam, the drivers wear an 
engineer's uniform. But the carriages, such as 
broughams and victorias used here, being prin- 
cipally electric, it was seen that there was something 
ridiculous in attiring a servant as an engineer when 
he had only to push a lever and could wear white 
gloves. So it was decided to compromise matters. 
The silk hat and regular carriage-servants' livery 
were retained with the exception of the top-boots. 
And they were barred because they were too sug- 
gestive of the stable-yard. So now those who follow 
the strict rule have their men wear the uniform they 
have always been accustomed to with the exception 
of the distinctly horsey parts of it. Of course, there 
are some persons who through ostentation continue 
to be seen abroad in automobiles with their servants 
attired as was the fashion before the days of the 
horseless carriage. But they belong to the same 
class as those who would wear black ties and dinner- 
coats to the opera." 

and the most elegant favors sometimes demanded 
only a penny, while the unlucky big number would 
be found attached to a silly bow of ribbon. The 
third and most brilliant figure was an auction sale 
of charming girls hidden wholly inside of huge 
Christmas stockings. Ten young women would be 
called up and carried into an adjoining room. 
They were persuaded to step into enormous stock- 
ings made of different goods — one a silk stocking, 
another a brilliant golf hose, another a plain, stout, 
yarn affair, a fourth was an old-style white stocking 
with a pink top, a fifth was a baby's sock, a sixth 
showed wonderful clocks, a seventh was a clown's 
stocking, an eighth was an open-work has de soie, 
the ninth was a blue stocking, and the tenth was an 
old stocking patched and worn. Every man at the 
ball was allowed freely to comment on the appear- 
ance and possible usefulness of the ten Brobding- 
nagian hose, while the auctioneer swung his ham- 
mer and highly recommended the contents of these 
strange Christmas stockings. Cheerful giggles and 
pleased comments or indignant protests issued from 
the tops of the stockings as the crowd criticised, 
laughed, peered, or guessed at the identity of the 
persons inside, and finally, when the bidding was 
dver, the many-colored bags were opened. Tre- 
mendous surprise ensued, and the men who had bid 
highest waltzed off with their purchases, who were 
pleased or reproachful, in accordance with the good 
prices they had brought. 

The reign of bridge whist at Newport last sum- 
mer was so absolute that it nearly drove out many 
other sports which had previously held their own, 
whatever the particular fad of the moment happened 
to be. According to one of the New York dailies, 
bridge whist is nearly as popular nowadays in the 
metropolis as it was in Newport, and one result of 
this is the complete disappearance of one form of 
feminine entertainment — the woman's luncheon. It 
is said to be rapidly giving way to the afternoon 
bridge-party, which begins at about two o'clock and 
continues through the afternoon. A hostess invites 
seven of her women friends, if she desires to keep 
the party small, or more if it is to be elaborate, and 
the entire afternoon is spent in the game, which 
rounds up with a kind of afternoon tea. This is 
said to have proved so admirable a substitute for 
the woman's luncheon that it promises to be the 
principal diversion for women during the winter 
months. It has so far found approval on every 
hand, chiefly because it is more economical, health- 
ful, and enjoyable than the long-drawn-out lunch- 
eons which have so frequently been the cause of 
much complaint, and have maintained their popu- 
larity as an entertainment for women chiefly because 
no other has ever seemed to suit the case so well. 
Bridge whist has come as a final relief to the social 
tyranny of the women's luncheon. 

At a cotillion recently given in Calcutta, Lady 
Curzon invented some new figures that may serve 
as hints to American hostesses. The cotillion was 
a combination of business and pleasure, as Lady 
Curzon wished to add to her fund for the relief of 
the famine sufferers. In the centre of the ball-room 
hung a huge bunch of mistletoe, and a solid money 
forfeit had to be paid by any couple who were so 
unlucky as to be forced by other couples under the 
fatal bough. One couple was appointed by the 
leader to dance alone, then he called up ten couples 
to waltz about and try to force the first couple to 
pass under the chandelier. After this he called up 
ten more couples to defend the first couple from 
the strategy of the aggressive ten. A pretty game 
of waltz foot-ball ensued, under the rules that every- 
body must keep dancing all the lime, and that when 
the first ten, after eight minutes, failed to force the 
pursued couple under the mistletoe, it was their duty 
to collect the sum of the whole forfeit among them- 
selves and put the amount, in actual money or 
promises to pay, in the poor-box at the door. For 
the second figure favors were for sale — that is to 
say, the couples, when passing up to the favor-table, 
were allowed to choose from among the trifles dis- 
played, but on .he back of every gimcrack a num- 
ber was pasted from a penny to the amount of a 
pound, and sum the person selecting was ob- 
liged to put*'' he poor-box. A tremendous amount 
tig .id flatter went on at the favor-table, 

In London, on the other hand, a sensation has 
been caused by one of the foremost clubs prohibit- 
ing the game of bridge within the precincts of the 
club. The committee declares this is the only course 
by which it can preserve harmony, disputes having 
become so frequent over the question of rules. It 
is rumored that the quarrels have developed blows. 
Bridge is so new that its varying rules create endless 
differences of opinion. It is played extensively by 
royalty and in almost every country house, generally 
for high stakes. The club's decision has come in for 
a lot of criticism. 

Mrs. W. F. Apthorp, wife of a musical critic, has 
taken up the fight in behalf of the theatre-hat in 
Boston, and on two occasions recently caused a sen- 
sation in the theatres. On one evening she left the 
Hollis Street Theatre rather than remove her hat 
when requested to by the management, and the next 
evening she followed up the assault, and hat on 
head went to the Museum. Manager Field saw her, 
and, to avoid trouble, invited her to his box, where 
she sat behind the curtains, still wearing her hat, 
while her husband remained in his orchestra-chair. 
Mrs. Apthorp makes the surprising statement that 
she has been wearing the same hat for two or three 
years, and that not until Monday evening was any 
objection raised. She asserts that the law allows her 
the privilege of wearing a small hat at the theatre, 
and that the management of the Hollis Street The- 
atre has misquoted the law in its programme. The 
passage in the city of Boston revised regulations of 
August 5, 1898, chapter 3, relating to the covering 
of the head in places of public amusement, says : 
" Every licensee shall not in his place of amusement 
allow any person to wear upon the head a covering 
which obstructs the view of the exhibition or per- 
formance in such place of any person seated in any 
seat therein provided for spectators, it being under- 
stood that a low head-covering without projection, 
which does not obstruct such view, may be worn." 
Mrs. Apthorp justifies her course by saying: "A 
rule forbidding the wearing of every sort of hat, 
bonnet, or other headgear seems to me on a par with 
the rule in some London theatres which enforces the 
wearing of evening-dress. Such a rule seems to me 
contrary to the spirit of our American institutions." 

these sweet-scented offerings. An ardent Catholic 
writer, Pere Leroy, a Jesuit, conceived the idea 
quite recently that this custom was a relic of pagan- 
ism, and started a campaign against the use of 
flowers and crowns at funerals (says the Paris cor- 
respondent of the New York Herald). The chief 
representatives of the various industries menaced 
gave the subject their close attention, and rather 
neatly went straight to Pere Leroy himself with 
their grievance, asking him to save them from the 
evil effects of his denunciation. They were not dis- 
appointed in the doctrine of Loyola, which is never 
found lacking, even in the most thorny problems, in 
responses, which may be contradictory, but are 
always satisfactory. In a letter which has been 
made public, the Jesuit priest declared that he " had 
no desire to endanger the interests of an honorable 
business," and that he abandoned his campaign, 
while the vicar-general of the archdiocese, M. 
Odelia, further explained that while the use of 
flowers at funerals certainly did recall the rites of 
paganism, it was not objectionable, provided it did 
not deprive the deceased "of a single prayer or a 
single mass." This solution safeguards every busi- 
ness concerned. 

• — ♦ — • 

Words for an Irish Folk-Song. 

Oh, my day is lone. May every day be fair to 

you ! — 

Shining like the moon you are, too far to see. 

But I ease my heart with singing all my care to you, 

Where I can not grieve you with the grief in me. 

Here I wait and work ; and never catch a gleam of 

you, u 

And you never feel my longing, over-sea. 
Ah, but Blessed Eyes, such comfort's in the dream 

of you, 
I can stay my heart to earn the joy for you and me ! 
— Josephine Preston Peabody. 







The transactions on the Stock and Bond Ex- 
change for the week ending Wednesday, January 
2, 1901, Mere as follows : 



j Enables a man not only to provide an income 
for life to his wife, but secures an income 
for himself as well. 

Under its terms a father may obtain a 
life income and at the same time contingently 
secure the same for a child. Or a brother 
may provide for himself and for a sister, or 
a son for himself and a parent. 

It offers the very best form of insurance 
investment at the lowest possible cost, and 
it is a contract whose fulfillment is guaran- 
teed by the Greatest Financial Institution of 
its kind in the world. 

For full information as to details, apply to 


General Agents, - SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 




Bid. Asked. 

U. S. Coup. 3% 


@ iioJi- 




116K 117M 

Bay Counties Co. 5"; 


@io 4 & 


California St. Ry.5% 


@ 119 

.,6 .17 

Hawaiian C. & S. 5% 


@ 103^ 


Los An. Ry. 5% 




N.R. of Cal. 5%.... 


@ "9# 


Northern Cal. Ry. 





Oceanic S. Co. 5% . . 



108 108K 

Oakland Water 5%. 


@ 104 J4 


S. V. Water 6% 




S. V. Water 4% 


@io 3 M 


S. P. Branch 6% 


@i 3 iH 






Bid. Asktd. 

Spring Valley Water 


@ 93^- 


93>< 93X 

Gas and Electric. 

Equitable Gaslight . 


@ 3'A- 


iK 3 

Mutual Electric 


® 9 

8 10 

@ 49^8 
@ 45" 


45 46 

Pacific Gas Imp. Co 



The piety of the French toward the dead is most 
often displayed by floral tributes, and wreaths and 
crowns of flowers at funerals are nowhere more 
lavishly used than in Paris. Hearses and their 
sombre trappings frequently are quite hidden u«der 

Pacific Lighting Co.. 5 @ 44 43^ 

S. F. Gas & Electric. 2,358 @ 44M- 47 45 

Cal. S. D. &T. Co.. 10 @ 104 104 

Street R, Ri 
Market St 35 @ 70 


Giant Con 100 

Vigorit 100 


Hawaiian C. & S 60 

Honokaa S. Co 210 

Hutchinson ii3oo 

Kilauea S. Co 25 

Makaweli S. Co 385 

Onomea S. Co 25 

Paauhau S. P. Co . . . 245 


Alaska Packers 50 

Oceanic S. Co 200 

Pac. C. Borax s° ©152 *53 *S4 

The sugars were quiet, and only about 2,500 
shares changed hands, prices remaining practically 
the same. 

The lighting stocks were weak again on the an- 
nouncement of the new Spreckels gas plant coming 
into the field, but the stocks of the Pacific Gas Im- 
provement Company and the San Francisco Gas 
and Electric seem to have good support around $45 
per share, and all the stock is taken that is offered 
at or near that figure. 

















25 l A- 




20 « 







28 a 











>o 3 )4 


Local Stocks and Securities. Refer by permission 
to Wells Fargo & Co. and Anglo-Californian Banks. 


Member Stock and Bond Exc h ange. 

A. W. BLOW & CO. 

Tel. Bush 34. 338 Montgomery Street, S. F. 


Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

Stock and Bond Broker. 

Telephone Bush 35 1. 


Hawaiian Trust 8 Investment Co., Ltd 

Stocks and Bonds — We buy and sell strictly 
on commission all first-class Hawaiian Stocks and 
Bonds. Members of Honolulu Stock Exchange. 

In General — We are prepared to look after 
property both real and personal, collect and remit 
incomes, and execute any business commission for 
persons residing abroad. 

References — Messrs. Welch & Co., 220 Cali- 
fornia Street, San Francisco, Cal. Bank of Hawaii, 
Limited, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

GEORGE R. CARTER, Treasurer, 

409 Fort Street, Honolulu, H. I. 


RICHARD A. McCURDY, President. 


526 California Street, San Francisco. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus 8 2,263,559.17 

Capital actually paid up in cash l,000,O00.<»O 

Deposits December 31, 1900 29,589,864.13 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Becker; First Vice- 
President, Daniel Meyer; Second Vice-President, 
H. Horstmann ; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt ; Assistant 
Cashier, William Herrmann ; Secretary, George 
Tournv ; Assistant Secretary, A. H. Mullbr ; General 
Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow. 

Board 0/ Directors — Ign. Steinhart, Emil Rohte, H. 
B. Russ, N. Ohlandt, John Lloyd, and I. N. Walter. 


532 California Street. 

Deposits, July 1, 1900 826,952,875 

Pafd-Up Capital 1,000,000 

Reserve Fund 218,593 

Contingent Fund 439*608 

E. B. POND, Pre*. W. C. B.db FREMERY, Vice-Pres. 


Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 

Directors— Henry F. Allen, Robert Watt, Thomas 
Magee, George C. Boardman, W. C. B. de Fremery, Dan- 
iel E. Martin, C. O. G. Miller, Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 



CAPITAL 92,000,000 .00 

PROFITS 83,514,068.82 

October 1st, 1900. 

William Alvord President 

Charles R. Bishop Vice-President 

Thomas Brown Cashier 

S. Prentiss Smith Assistant Cashier 

Irving F. Moulton ad Assistant Cashier 

Allen M. Clay Secretary 


N™ Vnrlr \ Messr s- Laidlaw & Co. 

New Xorlc J The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 

Baltimore The National Exchange Bank 

Boston The National Shawm ut Bank 

/-..- \ Illinois Trust and Savings Bank 

C*"«go J First National Bank 

Philadelphia The Philadelphia National Bank 

St. Louis Boatmen's Bank 

Virginia City, Nev Agency of the Bank of California 

London Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Sons 

Paris Messrs. de Rothschild Freres 

Berlin Direction der Disconto GeselLschaft 

China, Japan, and East Indies. .Chartered Bank of India, 
Australia, and China 

Australia and New Zealand -.The Union Bank ol 

Australia, Ltd., and Bank of New Zealand 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world, 


San Francisco, Cal. 

Cash Capital and Surplus 98,176,896.63 

JN0.J. Valentine, President; Homer S. King, Manager; 
H. Wadsworth, Cashier; F. L. Lipman, Asst-Cashier; 
H. L. Miller, Second Asst-Cashier. 

Directors — John J. Valentine, Andrew Christeson, Oliver 
Eldridge, Henry E. Huntington, Homer S. King, Geo. E. 
Gray, John J. McCook, John Bermingham, Dudley Evans. 

B ranches at New York, Salt Lake, and Portland. 



Capital Paid Up, 81,000,000 ; Assets, 83,869- 
451.75; Surplus to Policy-Holders, 82,068,839.71. 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager. 

COLIN M. BOYD, Agent for Su Franclftco. 

411 California Stroll 

January 7, 1901. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

As he was discharging the jury in the superior 
court of Wilmington, Del., the other afternoon, 
Chief-Justice Lore said that he hoped the members 
would have a pleasant Christmas and abstain from 
drinking whisky. Judge Spruance, who was sitting 
to the right of the chief justice, interposed and said : 
" That is not the unanimous charge of the court." 

Dr. Stubbs, the Bishop of Oxford, was once im- 
portuned by a woman who, knowing his experience of 
the Holy Land, kept on asking him what places she 
ought to visit, as she was starting on a trip to Pales- 
line. After answering topographical questions with- 
out number, he was again asked: "But, really, 
*what place would you advise me to go to ? " "To 
Jericho, madam," said the bishop, sweetly. 

The desire of the inhabitants of Sing Sing to 
•Change the name of the town recalls a somewhat 
similar desire on the part of the inhabitants of the 
town of Rugeley, England, to a correspondent 
•of the New York Times. A man named Palmer 
ihad made Rugeley notorious by an atrocious mur- 
der, and a deputation of the inhabitants waited on 
ahe home secretary with a petition for leave to 
■change the name. The minister hesitated, and 
:asked what name they proposed to substitute. 
They replied that they had not decided. "What 
do you say," said he, " to taking my name?" They 
expressed their unqualified delight, and obtained the 
home secretary's consent to this method of obliter- 
ating the memory of the obnoxious Palmer. The 
home secretary in question was Lord Palmerston. 
The town is still known as Rugeley. 

"When I was in Springfield, Abraham Lincoln 
and General Baker, who was killed at Leesburg, 
Va., during the Civil War, made the race for the 
Whig nomination for Congress," says Dr. D. B. 
Hill. " Both were Whigs, and both were keen for 
the nomination. Both had a strong personal fol- 
lowing, and if both ran the Democrat would win in 
the district. So a primary election was necessary to 
settle the contest. Baker won. Both men were at 
: Springfield when the news came. Lincoln was de- 
pressed. The crowd, to cheer him up, called on 
him for a speech. Getting up, he said: ' Gentle- 
imen, I'd like to comply with your request, but I 
'can't make a speech now. I expected to receive the 
nomination, but I failed. If I had won I know 
iBaker would have got up here and so charmed you 
with his eloquence as to make you believe you had 
done him a favor by nominating me. But I can't 
do it.' " 

In the recent campaign, the editor of the Fairfax, 
Mo., Forum was nominated by the Democrats for 
justice of the peace. This is the way he announced 
the fact in his journal : " The office was not sought 
after by us, neither was it forced upon us. There's 
no mistaking our qualification — we know about as 
much law as a brass monkey. But our friends said 
they were looking for some good, honest man to 
make the race. In the face of such an indirect com- 
pliment, how could we refuse ? In a race for office 
we would be a monumental fizzle. We wouldn't ask 
a man to vote for us if he'd give us half a dollar. 
Our opponent is M. L. Bear. He's an honest man, 
too. But he's well fixed financially, and don't need 
the four to five dollars a year that's in the office. 
Neither of us will make an active canvass for votes, 
so you fellows who expect to smoke our cigars, 
■drink our whisky, and have fun at our expense will 
get left." 

Max Kalbeck relates in Der Lotse ol Hamburg 
'the mishaps of Brahms when he was on the way to 
attend the funeral of his dear friend, the widow of 
Schumann. The telegram announcing her death 
was sent to Vienna and thence forwarded to him at 
Ischl by mail. He found that he would just have 
lime to reach his destination by taking the " Orient 
Express " and changing cars at Wels. On the way 
he fell asleep and went too far, so that he had to 
wait all day at Linz for an ordinary train to Frank- 
fort. Purchasing a paper, he read that the funeral 
would not be at Frankfort, but at Bonn, and that it 
had been postponed ou his account. So he took 
the night train at Frankfort, and arrived at Bonn in 
the morning just in time to change his clothes and 
join the funeral procession. " I was fearfully 
nervous and vexed," he declared to a friend after- 
ward ; " I only wonder that I did not have a stroke 
Of paralysis." 

Major Henry A. Newman, the Missouri ex- 
Confederate who did considerable stump -speaking 
during the recent campaign, was one of those who 
could spellbind on all other issues better than he 
could on the paramount. One day Major New- 
man was down at Poplar Bluff preaching Missouri 
Democracy pure and undefined in his best form, but 
refraining from any discussion of " the haul-down- 
Ihe-flag " proposition. Among the major's auditors 
was an interested Irishman who marked the omis- 
sion, and at several points interrupted him by asking, 
"How about the Phillipayins ? " Major Newman 
paid no attention to him at first, but when he per- 
sisted, he said : " My friend, I'll tell you about the 

Phillipayins." The imitation of the brogue was per- I 
feet and everybody chuckled. " I'll tell you, con- ' 
fidentially, what I'm in favor of doing with the | 
Phillipayins ; I'd trade the Phillipayins to Great I 
Britain for Ireland, and then we could raise our own \ 

M. Dollfus says in his book, " Modeles d'Art- ! 
istes," ib2t Victor Hugo never "sat" for any of! 
the popular portraits and photographs which were j 
in great demand during the later years of his life, j 
Dolfus claims that they were not portraits of Hugo, j 
but of a crayon-seller of the Latin quarter, who j 
bore a striking resemblance to the great author. 
The substitute earned a good income by posing for I 
these portraits, and the resemblance incidentally j 
brought him olher benefits. He was largely re- \ 
sponsible for the common rumor that it was Victor ! 
Hugo's custom to ride in cheap public conveyances, I 
even in the coldest weather, and to permit his ad- 
mirers to pay his three cents fare. In the evening 
the crayon-seller frequented the cafes and accepted 
" treats " from credulous persons, who boasted next 
day of their familiarity with the poet. In this way 
the impostor satisfied his thirst for wine and fame at 
small expense. But, alas ! Victor Hugo died, and 
with him went his double's reflected glory. 


The Kaiser recently perpetrated a joke on Herr 
von Biilow over which all Germany is still laughing. 
While in an expansive mood, he asked Herr von 
Biilow how, all things considered, he liked his new 
berth as chancellor. Von Biilow replied that blest 
indeed was the chancellor who had such an em- 
peror, but "But what?" said the Kaiser. 

The office of chancellor. Von Biilow explained, was 
all his fancy had ever painted it, but the chancellor's 
palace was — well, madame thought that a year's 
spring cleaning would hardly make the place habit- 
able ; as a matter of fact it required re-decorating 
both wiihin and without. "Give my compliments 
to madame," said the Kaiser, genially, " and tell 
her I will contribute ray trifle to the spring clean- 
ing." Von Bulow went home with visions of a 
habitation made beautiful by imperial munificence. 
On the followiog day Countess Bulow received a 
weighty package from the imperial palace. Open- 
ing it, she found it to contain a hundredweight of 
soft-soap — her genial emperor's contribution to the 
spring cleaning. Count and Countess von Bulow are 
probably the only two people in the German em- 
pire who do not appreciate the full humor of the 
jmperial joke. 

Not the Strenuous Life. 

" I have always envied those men who sit in front 
of livery stables," said a citizen who admits that he 
is constitutionally lazy. "That seems to me a 
beautiful life. It must be one long, sweet song, as 
the poet puts it. I have never known any of them 
personally," he continued, sighing, "but I have 
watched them all my life, and they fill me with a 
yearning to be a livery-stable man. When I was a 
boy I had to pass a large livery stable on my way to 
school. It had an immense double door, which was 
never closed, and inside was a cool, dim vista of 
stalls and buggies in rows. Four men were always 
seated at the threshold, tilted back in cane-bottomed 
chairs. They were large, well-fed, contented-looking 
men. and what impressed me particularly was their 
air of placid abstraction. They never said anything 
to one another, but sat there calmly gazing into 
space and chewing straws. I remember distinctly 
that the sight of them always filled me with re- 
bellion against work and made my school tasks 
seem all the more abhorrent. I had an almost irre- 
sistible inclination to chuck my books into the 
gutter, seize a cane-bottomed chair and a straw and 
become a livery-stable man myself. 

" I have never got rid of that feeling," the lazy 
citizen went on, lighting his pipe, " and the strange 
part about it is this : In all the years that have gone 
by, that group at the big door has never changed, 
and, moreover, it isn't peculiar to any one stable. 
It is common to them all. Go where you will, 
whenever you encounter a livery stable, you will in- 
variably find four large, well-fed, contented-looking 
men tilted back in -cane-bottomed chairs at the en- 
trance, chewing straws, and gazing into space. 
They always look exactly alike, and never get any 
older or any younger. It is my private belief that 
they are immortal, and I have never asked any 
questions because I don't want to run the risk of 
shattering a beautiful ideal. What is it that Bret 
Harte says about San Francisco : 

" ' Serene, immutable as fate 

Thou sittest at the Western gate.' 

"That describes them exactly, and I am certain 
the poem must have been inspired by a California 
livery stable. Wars may rage and thrones may de- 
cay, and Mac may annex the Filipinos or tell them 
to go to thunder — but nothing will ever disturb the 
grand serenity of that gTOup at the front door. I 
think it very unkind of fate that I should have be- 
come a hard-working professional man. I would 
have made a superb ornament for one of those 
cane -bottomed chairs." — New Orleans Times- 

Delicious Flavor. 

Coffee, tea, chocolate, and many summer bever- 
ages are given a rich and delicate flavor by the use 
of Gail Borden Eagle Brand Condensed Milk. Lay 
in a supply for camping, fishing, and other ex- 

The New M. D. 
Young Fissick's got a shingle out 

Proclaiming him M. D. 
But from A. M. to late P. M. 

His office is M. T.— Ex. 

— _„. # 

Indigestion, Cramps \ 

Ireland's Meteorological Year. 
Dirty days hath September, 
April, June, and November ; 
From January up to May 
The rain it raineth every day. 
All the rest have thirty-one 
Without a blessed gleam of sun ; 
And if any of them had two-and-thirty 
They'd be just as wet and Iwice as dirty. 
— Ex. 

The Alls. 
France fights all. 
Britain pays all. 
Russia threatens all. ' 
Prussia humbugs all. 
Switzerland is nearly plundered by all. 
Spain does nothing at all. 
Germany thinks itself all in all. 
The United States is spoliated by all. 
And, lest destruction should come upon all, 
May Heaven have mercy upon us all. Amen. 
— New York Tribune. 

The Mother-in-Law. 
The poets and punsters have often maligned her, 

Her temper and actions they've thoroughly cussed I 
With fun-driven heels they've endeavored to grind 
Down into the depths of the ridicule dust. 
The air has been hot with the jokes they've fired at 
You'd think her the worst 'un the world ever saw, 
And never a one has as yet deigned to flatter 
That feminine treasure, the mother-in-law. 

The angels would envy her sweet disposition, 

A motherly smile ever clings to her face ; 
She's proud of the dignity of her position ; 

Her temper but rarely gets jarred from its base. 
She thinks her dear son is a peach ripe and mellow, 

A pure earthly " angel " with never a flaw, 
And nine times in ten the affectionate fellow 

Is madly in love with his mother-in-law. 

Her visits are looked on as sunny oases 

To gladden the dreary old desert of life. 
Her son-in-law thinks she possesses rare graces, 

And loves her for giving him such a sweet wife. 
The home is a dreamland of love when she's in it, 

No breezes of discord blow chilly and raw ; 
An hour in its flight seems a bliss-laden minute 

When lit with the smiles of the mother-in-law. 

In sickness her voice so delightfully soothing 

Oft tempers the pangs of the demon of pain ; 
Her hand when an invalid brow softly smoothing 

Cools down the hot fire of the feverish brain. 
She's here and she's there where her service is 
wanted ; 

A sweeter old angel the world never saw, 
And glad is the home that is frequently haunted 

With the spirit so kind of the mother-in-law. 

Of course there are some that are thorough-bred 

For there are exceptions to every rule ; 
They see in their sons-in-law nothing but errors, 

And grade them about on a plane with the mule. 
Their eyes ever search for a cause for a rumpus. 

They're expert of tongue and they're nimble of 
But, though all the wits of newspaperdom jump us, 

We're here to stand up for the mother-in-law 1 
— James Barton Adams in Denver Evening Post. 

or intestinal disorders, such as 

♦ Cholera, Diarrhoea, etc 


X Alcool tie Menthe X 

X gives quick and thorough relief; should J 
a be kept always on hand ; is conducive to X 
X sleep in nervous attacks. X 


A record of over sixty years in Europe. 

\ Sold by All Druggists. T 

1 E. FOIGERA & CO., Afents for U. S., New York J 



Choice Woolens 



622 MARKET 9TBEET (Upstairs), 

Bicycle and Golf Suits. Opposite the Palace Hotel 





Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan Streets 

at 1 P. M., for 


Calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Kong with Steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 
Steamer. From San Francisco for Hong Kong. 1901 

Gaelic ..(Via Honolulu) Wednesday, Jan. 16 

Doric. .(Via Honolulu) Saturday, Feb. 9 

Coptic. (Via Honolulu) Thursday! March 7 

Gaelic..(Via Honolulu) .Saturday, March 30 

Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 

For freight and passage apply at company's effice. 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street. 
P. P. STUBBS, General Manager. 


Cause of the trouble : Doctor — " Didn't I say he 
was to avoid all excitement ? " Patient's wife — 
" Yes, that's what got him excited." — Brooklyn Life, 

— Dr. Parker's Cough Cure— a sovereign 
remedy. One dose will stop a cough. It never 
fails. Try it. Price, 25 cents. George Dahlbender 
& Co., 214 Kearny Street. 

— Southfield Wellington Coal, with 
which cook can please all. 



Scotch Whisky 

Importers ■ MACONDRAY £ CO. 

The Luxuries of Travel . . 

The luxuries of modern travel are nowhere 
more thoroughly enjoyed than on 

Cook's Nile Steamers and Dahabeahs 

where the acme of perfection is attained. 

Programmes of COOK'S TOURS to EGYPT and 
the HOLY LAND mailed on application. 

Toyo Risen Kaisha 



Steamers wDl leave Wharf, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p. m. for YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG, 
calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Kong with steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1901. 

Hongkong Mam Thursday, January 24 

Nippon Mara Tuesday, February 19 

America Mam Friday, March 15 

Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates. 

For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
421 Market Street, cor. First. 
W. H. AVERT, General Agent. 

APmiJIP P P PA Sierra, 6000 Tons 
JljtflN Lj O LU Sonoma, 6000Tons 
WUI-fllllU W.W. WW-Ventuxa,6000Tons 

S. S. Australia, for Papeete, Tahiti, Tuesday, 

Jan. 6, root, at i p.m. 
S. S. Zealandla, for Honolulu, Jan. 16, 1901. at 2 p.m. 
S. S. Sonoma for Honoluln, Pago Pago, Auckland, 

and Sydney, Wednesday, Jan. 23. 1901, at 9 p. m. 

J. D. Sprockets & Bros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 

Street. Freight Office, 337 Market St.. San Francisco. 

Pacific Coast Steamship Co. 

^ Steamers leave Broadway Wharf, S. F. : 

^k^^^ For Alaskan ports, 11 a. m., Jan. 1, 6, 

^■^ "1 '&. 21, 26, 31, Feb. 5. change tocom- 

S'fk pany's steamers at Seattle. 
E|£W^ for B. C. and Puget Sound Ports. 11 
^^K^Jfc^ ■ ar, 26, 31, Feb. 

} flk^^tfdflH 5. arid every fifth day thereafter. 
i r ^^^■M) For Eureka (Humboldt Bay), 2 p. if., 
^^^^Jan. 3, 8, 13, 18, 23, 28, Feb. 2. and 
every fifth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Santa Barbara, Port 
Los Angeles, and Redondo (Los Angeles): Queen — Wed- 
nesdays, 9 a. m. Santa Rosa — Sundays, 9 a. m. 

For Santa Cruz, Monterey, San Simeon, Cayucos, Port 
Hartford (San Luis Obispo), Gaviota, Santa Barbara, 
Ventura, Hueneme, San Pedro, East San Pedro, and 
Newport (Los Angeles). Corona — Fridays, 9 a. m. 
Bonita— Tuesdays, 9 a. m. 

For Mexican ports, 10 a. h. Seventh of each month. 
For further information obtain company's folder. 

The company reserves the right to change steamers, 

sailing dates, and hours of sailing, without previous notice. 

Ticket-Office 4 New Montgomery St. (Palace Hotel) 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., General Agents, 

re Market Street, San Francisco. 

International Navigation Go.'s Lines 


New York and Southampton (London, Parts), 
; from New York every Wednesday, 10 a. h. 

1 Kensington January 9 | Friesland January 23 

I Noordland January 16 | Vaderland January 30 


New York and Antwerp. From New Yoik every 
Wednesday, 12 noon. 

Kensington January 9 I Friesland January 23 

I Noordland January 16 | Southwark January 30 


To Alaska and Cold Fields. 



International Navigation Company, CHAS. D. 
TAYLOR, General Agent Pacific Coast, 10 Montgomery 


January 7, 1901. 


The Crimmins-Cole Engagement. 
The engagement of Miss Margaret Cole, second 
daughter of the late Edward P. Cole, and Lieu- 
tenant Martin Lalor Crimmins, Sixth Infantry, U. 
S. A., son of Mr. John D. Crimmins, of New 
York, was formally announced at a dinner given by 
Mrs. Eleanor Martin at her residence on Sunday 
night, December 30th. The wedding will take 
place before the end of January, and will be a very 
quiet home affair at the residence of the bride's 
mother, Mrs. Florence C. Cole, 2615 Buchanan 
Street. Miss Florence Cole, the younger sister of 
the bride, will be maid of honor, and there will be 
no other attendants. Lieutenant Crimmins arrived 
at the Presidio from New York but a few weeks 
ago on his way back to the Philippines, and will 
soon depart for Manila, taking his bride with him. 

The Kelley-Bigelow Wedding. 

The wedding of Miss Elizabeth Bigelow, niece of 
Rear-Admiral Trilley, U. S. N., and Mrs. Trilley, 
to Mr. Rollin Meers Kelley, took place at Trinity 
Episcopal Church on Wednesday, December 2d. 
The ceremony was performed at noon by Rev. 
Frederick Clampett, rector of the church. The 
bride was given iuto the keeping of the groom by 
her uncle ; Miss Bessie Center was the maid of 
honor, Mr. Dudley Dean was the best man, and 
Assistant Naval-Constructor John D. Beuret, U. S. 
N., and Mr. Dixwell Davenport served as ushers. 

At the conclusion of the ceremony a wedding 
breakfast was served at the residence of Rear- 
Admiral Trilley, 2847 Fillmore Street, and later in 
the afternoon Mr. and Mrs. Kelley left for the 
south, where they will live temporarily in Los An- 

The Jewett Century Party. 

Mr. and Mrs. John H. Jewett gave a unique 
century party at their residence, 931 Bush Street, on 
Monday evening, December 31st. Mrs. Jewett's in- 
vitations requested her guests to come in character- 
costume representing some fad or fancy of the old 
year or some anticipated fad or fancy of the new year. 
This called out many interesting and original con- 
ceptions. At ten o'clock the guests began to arrive 
and were received by Mrs. Jewett, who was attired 
as a French waitress. The entire reception floor 
was given over to the merry-makers, and im- 
mediately upon their arrival dancing was inaugu- 
rated. At midnight supper was served, after which 
dancing was continued for some time. 

The invited guests included : 

Mr. and Mrs. Brandt, Judge and Mrs. Belcher, 
Mr. and Mrs. Irving Scott, Mr. and Mrs. S. G. 
Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Woods, Mr. and Mrs. 
Adam Grant, Mr. and Mrs. William Greer Harrison, 
Mr. and Mrs. Gaston Ashe, Mr. and Mrs. Henry F. 
Martinez, Mr. and Mrs. Bixler, Mr. and Mrs. F. 
Lowenberg, Mr, and Mrs. F. Burke Holliday, Judge 
and Mrs. Foote, Mr. and Mrs. Horace Davis, Mr. 
and Mrs. William I. Kipp, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene 
Murphy, Mr. and Mrs. Elliott McAllister, Mr. and 
Mrs. J. D. Brown, Mr. and Mrs. H. L. Dodge, Mr. 
and Mrs. M. Wood, Judge and Mrs. McFarland, 
Mr. and Mrs. Homer King, Mr. and Mrs. Bender, 
Mr. and Mrs. Warden, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. Mann, 
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Mann, Mr. and Mrs. William 
Keith, Mr. and Mrs. Sexton, Colonel and Mrs. 
Oscar Long, Mr. and Mrs. Mark Requa, Mr. and 
Mrs. I. L. Requa, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Campbell, 
Mr. and Mrs. Leboe, Mr. and Mrs. Herrin, 
Judge and Mrs. Evans, Mr. and Mrs. Samuel 
Shortridge, Mrs. Washington Ayer, Miss Ayer, 
Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Boardman, Mr. and Mrs. P. B. 
Cornwall, Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Pierce, Mr. and Mrs. 
William S. Tevis, Captain and Mrs. W. H. McKit- 
trick, Mr. and Mrs. Shafter Howard, Mr. and Mrs. 
Heyneman, Mr. and Mrs. M. McLaren, Mr. and 
Mrs. F. P. Bower, Mr. and Mrs. Josselyn, Dr. and 
Mrs. Voorhies, Miss Voorhies, Mr. and Mrs. Col- 
ons, Mr. and Mrs., W. H. Mills, Miss Ardella 
Mills, Mrs. B. Chase', Mrs. Dickman, Mrs. Boggs, 
Miss Boggs, Mrs. Tewksbury, Mrs. Belvin, Mrs. 
John McMullin, Miss McMullin, Mrs. Smith. Mrs. 
Allen, Mrs. Howard, Miss Howard, Mrs. E. Turner, 
Mrs. Whitney, Miss Whitney, Mrs. F. Egerton, 
Mrs. B. B. Cutter, Mrs. Morris, Miss Morris, Mrs. 


Baking Powder 

Makes the bread 
more healthful. 

Safeguards the food 
against alum. 

Alum bafc' ag powders are the greatest 
menacers .0 health, of the present day. 


John F. Swift, Mme. de Geyer, Mrs. Thurlow Mc- 
Mullin, Mme. Tojetti, Mrs. George Cadwalader, 
Mrs. Harrington, Miss Harrington, Mrs. Caroline 
L. Ashe, Miss O'Callaghan, Dr. Amy Bowen, Miss 
Kervan, Miss Dillon, the Misses 'Maynard, Mr. 
Percy King, Dr. Rand, Mr. Arthur Tewksbury, Mr. 
Rea Hanna, Mr. Francis V. Keesling, and Mr. 
Bruce Cornwall. 

A Ball in Honor of Yale Students. 
After their first concert in this city at Metropoli- 
tan Hall on Thursday evening, January 3d, the 
members of the Yale University Glee and Banjo 
Clubs were entertained at a ball given in their 
honor in the Maple Room of the Palace Hotel 
under the patronage of Mrs. Henry F. Allen, Mrs. 
Gordon Blanding, Mrs. Thomas Breeze, Mrs. 
George Cadwalader, Mrs. Donald Campbell, Mrs. 
Francis Carolan, Mrs. James Coffin, Mrs, William 
H. Crocker, Mrs. Robert Coleman, Mrs. Joseph B. 
Crockett, Mrs. Albert N. Drown, Mrs. Charles P. 
Eells, Mrs. George W. Gibbs, Mrs. Joseph D. 
Grant, Mrs. Horace Hill, Mrs. Walter S. Hobart, 
Mrs. J. Kittle, Mrs. V. K. Maddox, Mrs. W. Mayo 
Newhall, Mrs. Sidney V. Smith. Mrs. Henry T. 
Scott, and Mrs. William S. Tevis. Dancing was 
the order from eleven until one o'clock, when the 
assembled guests sat down to supper. Excellent 
music was provided and the affair proved an enjoy- 
able one. 

Notes and Gossip. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Mabel 

Bostwick, daughter of Lieutenant-Commander F. 

M. Bostwick, U. S. N., to Lieutenant F. Brooks 

Upham, U. S. N. 

The engagement is announced of Lieutenant John 
Edie, U. S. N., and Miss Ann Depew Paulding, 
niece of Senator Chauncey Depew, of New York. 

The wedding of Miss Elizabeth Ball, daughter of 
the late Stephen Van Rensselaer Ball, to Mr. Law- 
rence N, Seammon, son of Captain and Mrs. C. M. 
Searumon, of Fruitvale, took place at the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. William Duff, in Berkeley, on Christ- 
mas Day, December 25th. Rev. J. K. McLean and 
the Rev. Charles R. Brown were the officiating 
clergymen. Upon their return from their wedding 
trip Mr. and Mrs. Seammons will reside at their 
home, 26 Orange Avenue, Fruitvale. 

Miss Mabel Lyle, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Peter 
Lyle, of Napa, and Mr. Charles Fuller Grant, son 
of Mrs. Charles Watson Grant, of San Francisco, 
were quietly married in the Presbyterian Church of 
Napa on Wednesday, January 2, 1901. Owing to 
the recent death of Mr. Grant's father, only the 
relatives and a few intimate friends witnessed the 
ceremony. No cards were issued. 

The wedding of Miss Harriet Hyde, daughter of 
the late Colonel William B. Hyde and sister of 
Miss Helen Hyde, the artist, who is now at Nippo, 
Japan, and Mr. William H. Irwin took place at the 
residence of the bride's uncle, Mr. David Bixler, 
2845 Pierce Street, on Tuesday evening, January 
1st. The ceremony was performed at half-past eight 
o'clock by the Rev. Dr. McClure. The bride was 
given into the keeping of the groom by her uncle ; 
Miss Grace Luce, of San Diego, was the maid of 
honor ; and Mr. Charles K. Field, of Alameda, 
acted as best man. Mr. and Mrs. Irwin left on 
Wednesday for a wedding trip to Southern Cali- 
fornia, and upon their return will reside at 1424 
Washington Street. 

Mrs. George Crocker will give a reception in 
honor of her daughters, the Misses Rutherford, at 
her residence, No. 1 East Sixty-Fourth Street, New 
York, on Tuesday afternoon, January 8th. 

Mrs. Eleanor Martin gave a dinner at her home, 
2030 Broadway, on Thursday evening, December 
27th, at which she entertained Mr. and Mrs. Henry 
T. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. James Carolan, Miss 
Carolan, Miss Lawlor, Mr. Thomas Binny, Mr. 
Lawlor, Mr. Walter Martin, and Mr. Peter Martin. 

Mrs. F. G. Newlands, wife of Representative New- 
lands, introduced Miss Frances Newlands at a tea 
given in Washington, D. C, a fortnight ago. 
Those who assisted in receiving were Mrs. Elkins, 
Mrs. Slater, Miss Harlan, Miss Patten, Miss Ward, 
Miss Hopkins, Miss McKenna, and Miss Mary 

Mrs. E. Shafter Howard and Miss Howard are at 
The Colonial, and will receive on Mondays in Jan- 
uary and February. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry A. Butters gave a house- 
warming New- Year's Eve at their new home in 
Piedmont. About fifty friends and relatives were 
asked to watch the old century out and the new 
cycle in. 

The third dance of the Friday Fortnightly Club 
was given at Cotillion Hall on Friday evening, 
January 4th. Miss Lucy King and Miss Salisbury, 
assisted by Mr. Percy King and Mr. Reynolds, of 
Stanford, led the cotillion, which began at ten 

Mrs. Henry T. Scott and Miss Mary Scott gave 
the first of their afternoon "at homes " on Friday, 
January 4th. A large number of ladies called to 
greet them on their return from the East. 


Lewis Meyerstein has had plans made for the 
remodeling of the residence on the north-west cor- 
ner of Clay and Franklin Streets, which he recently 
bought from Mrs. Crocker. The whole exterior is 
to be changed and extensive alterations are to be 
made to the first and second stories. 

Ignace Paderewski has practically completed the 
Polish opera on which he has been at work for sev- 
eral years (says the New York Sun J. It would have 
been ready for production a year ago last winter had 
not the pianist's appearances as a virtuoso kept him 
too much occupied. He was, of course, profitably 
occupied at that time, and much of the loss entailed 
by the purchase of his estate at Morges has already 
been made up. It looked several years ago as if 
this enterprise would involve him in serious financial 
trouble. He did lose so much in his efforts to 
make the place productive that his last American 
tour was a necessity. Mme. Paderewski's interfer- 
ence in the pianist's business affairs is said to be 
altogether due to her feeling of responsibility over 
his losses at Morges, as she had persuaded him to 
purchase the property. " I have made him lose one 
fortune," she has frequently said, "and I must do 
all in my power to help him earn another." The 
Morges estates have recently begun to yield their 
proprietor something, and it is likely that the pianist 
will not be another victim to an attempt at farming 
on a large scale. 

M. Paderewski is to call his opera " Mauru." 
The libretto was written by one of his compatriots 
named Nossig, and is in three acts. Nossig is not 
only a literary man but an artist and sculptor as 
well. The opera is in a measure typical of the 
struggles of the Slavic race, and takes its name from 
the hero, who naturally sings the tenor role. He 
meets in his travels Hunna, a beautiful Slav (the 
soprano), whom he has carried away and married in 
accordance with the practice of his race at that 
time. The first act passes in the Slavic village, 
from which the maiden has been stolen. She comes 
to implore her mother's pardon for -marrying a 
member of a vagabond race ; but her mother re- 
fuses to forgive her unless she desert her husband 
and return home to live. The music allotted to the 
mother is written for a mezzo-soprano. A village 
soothsayer named Gobbo, a deformed dwarf, who 
has long cherished a passion for Hunna, joins her 
mother in her entreaties to the girl to leave her 
husband and return to her. The dwarf is un- 
selfishly in love with Hunna, and capable of any 
sacrifice for her, so unselfish is his affection. She 
is touched by his feeling for her, and begs him to 
give her a charm that may restore the affection of 
her husband, as she believes that Mauru is once 
more longing for his vagrant life and desires to 
leave her. 

The first act closes with the arrival of the hero, 
who has come in search of his wife. The villagers, 
who are returning from their work, see the hated 
gypsy and attack him. Only when his wife throws 
herself before him is he allowed to escape without 
harm. In the second act, Mauru and Hunna are 
seen in their lonely home in the mountains. He is 
working to support his wife there, as they have been 
driven from the village. He is weary of this quiet 
existence and longs already for the roving life of his 
people. The tranquillity of his existence tortures 
him. When she learns this, his wife gives him 
Gobbo's philter, and the effect is instantaneous. He 
sings in an impassioned duet with Hunna his love 
for her. But its influence is not enduring. He 
hears the music of a violin and knows that his peo- 
ple are near. When a gypsy appears with the news 
that Mauru is wanted as the chief of the tribe, and 
that the beautiful Asa, its queen, will marry him, he 
is about to desert his wife, and is only prevented by 
her entreaties. 

The third act passes in another part of the 
mountain. The hero is more than every weary of 
the life with his wife and child, He longs to rejoin 
his own people. He falls asleep and begins in his 
dreams to hear a gypsy march. Gradually the 
gypsies enter, led by Asa, their queen, and beg 
Mauru to return to them. He is to be Asa's hus- 
band, and only Oros, the chief of the tribe and also 
in love with the queen, denounces him as a traitor 
and refuses to admit him again to the tribe. The 
others overcome his wishes and Mauru urged by 
Asa consents to return to the tribe. Then Oros, 
who has been awaiting his opportunity, springs 
upon Mauru and throws him from the cliff into the 
valley. The opera closes with the death of the hero. 
It will be given during the coming winter at Dresden 
under Ernest von Schuch's direction. It is probable 
that Fraulein Wittich will sing Hunna, while the 
role of Gobbo, the dwarf, will fall to Herr Schiede- 



In a temporary fit of insanity brought on by in- 
somnia and illness, Mrs. Henry L. Tatum ended 
her life early on the first morning of the new year. 
She was the wife of the senior partner in the San 
Francisco business house of Tatum & Bowen. She 
left her bedroom, entered the bathroom, and, after 
locking the door, turned on the gas, and was discov- 
ered some hours later, but before medical attendance 
arrived she was dead. Apparently Mrs. Tatum had 
everything necessary to a happy life. With her hus- 
band and two children she lived at 2511 Pacific 
Avenue. Until two years ago she was in fair health 
and good spirits. 


It is a wonderful soap 
that takes hold quick and 
does no harm. 

No harm ! It leaves the 
skin soft like a baby's; no 
alkali in it, nothing but 
soap. The harm is done by 
alkali. Still more harm is 
done by not washing. So, 
bad soap is better than 

What is bad soap? Im- 
perfectly made; the fat 
and alkali not well bal- 
anced or not combined. 

What is good soap? 

AM sorts of stores sel! it, especially druggists; 
ull sorts of people use it. 


The Great Leader of Champagnes. Importations 
in 1899, 109,003 cases, being 72,495 cases more than 
any other brand, is a record never before approached. 

P. J. VAICKENBERG.Worras O/R, Rhine 
and Moselle Wines. 

J. CAtVET & CO., Bordeaux. Clarets and 

FRED'K DE BARY &, CO., New York, 

Sole Agents in the United States and Canada. 
E. M. 6REENWAI, Pacific Coast Representative. 



Apples, Pears, Peaches, Plums, 
Prunes, Cherries, Apricots, Etc. 

Stock is Extra Fine This Year. Send for Prices. 

J. T. BOCUE, Warysville, Cal. 


2719-8721 Channing "Way, Berkeley. 

Boarding and Day School for Girls 

"Will re-open Monday, January 7, 1901. 

Instruction given in all departments, from Kindergarten 
to College Preparatory. Special courses in Music, Elocu- 
tion and Modern Languages. 

Mrs. Edna Snkll Poulsok, 
Miss Mary E. Snell, A. M., 


Hotel Rafael 

Fifty minutes from San Francisco. Sixteen 
trains daily each way. Open all the year. 


K. V HALTOS, Proprietor. 



A decree of absolute divorce has been granted 
Eila, Countess Festetics de Tolna, by Judge Bahrs. 
Every ground and cause of action urged by the 
countess has been sustained as true by the court. 

Open all the year ; charming surroundings ; 
never hot nor cold ; bay and ocean in full view ; 
strictly first-class ; furniture and appointments en- 
tirely new ; excellent table, prompt attendance. 
Terms, $2.50 a day ; $10.00 to $14.00 a week- 
Separate houses and apartments if desired, with 
home comforts and exclusiveness. Particulars given 
by Paul Bancroft, office. History Building, Market 
Street, San Francisco, Cal. 


N. E. Cor. Van Ness and Myrtle Avenues. 

The Principal and Finest 

Family Hotel of San Francisco 





San Francisco, Cal. 




N. W. Cor. Sutter and Hyde Sts., S. F., Cal. 

MRS. J. C. LEVY, Proprietor. 

January 7, 1901. 



Movements and Whereabouts. 

Annexed will be found a risumi of movements to 
and from this city and coast, and of the whereabouts 
of absent Californians : 

Major and Mrs. John A. Darling, who have been 
abroad for many months, were at the Hotel Mar- 
quadt, Stuttgart, Wurlemberg, at last advices. 

Mr. and Mrs. Adam Grant expect to leave for the 
East some time this month. 

Mrs. Jane L. Stanford, who left for Europe last 
June, accompanied by Miss Jennie Lathrop and her 
private secretary. Miss Bertha Berner, has decided 
to prolong her stay abroad until next September. 

Miss Azalea Keyes, who departed for Honolulu in 
July chaperoned by Mrs. J. R. Mackenzie, returned 
to San Francisco on Friday, December 28th, on the 
Japanese steamship America Maru. After a short 
stay in Honolulu, Miss Keyes visited Australia and 

Miss Gladys Merrill and Miss Marie Bull, who 
are attending Miss Ely's school in New York, spent 
the holidays with friends in Boston. 

Mr. John Hays. Hammond returned from a short 
trip to Oregon on Monday and was at the Palace 

Mr. and Mrs. Le Grand Cannon Tibbetts and 
Mr. and Mrs. J. Athearn Folger are expected to 
arrive from New York by the twenty-fifth inst. in 
their private car. 

Dr. W. J. Younger, formerly of this city and now 
a resident of Paris, arrived in this city last week, 
and is a guest at the Palace Hotel. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Cluff, who have been 
spending the holidays in New York with their 
daughter, are expected home soon. Miss ClufF will 
continue her course at Miss Ely's school. 

Miss Ida M. Morrell is spending the holidays in 
Mexico. She will return to San Francisco the latter 
part of January. 

Mr. A. Chesebrough and Miss Chesebrough, 
who were in New York last week, are expected 
home in a few days. 

Mrs. J. S. McGrew, wife of Dr. J. S. McGrew, of 
Honolulu, is at the Occidental Hotel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Bonny left for Honolulu on 
the Oceanic steamship Alameda on Thursday, 
January 3d. 

Mr. Joseph S. Spear, Jr., United States surveyor 
of customs, and Mrs. Spear returned from the East 
on New-Year's Day after an absence of five weeks. 
In Washington, D. C, Mr. Spear called upon the 
President, who discussed with interest his pros- 
pective visit to San Francisco next May. The 
Presidential party will consist of the President, 
Senator Mark Hanna, numerous secretaries, several 
senators and representatives, and will be altogether 
one of the most notable parties of the kind ever en- 
tertained by California. 

Governor Henry T. Gage was at the Palace Hotel | 
early in the week. 

Mr. E. O. McCormick has returned from a two 
weeks' visit to Paso Robles. 

Mr. Vamey W. Gaskell, who acted as one of the 
secretaries of the Paris delegation from California, 
returned to San Francisco on Tuesday after an ex- 
tended absence abroad, and is at the Occidental 

Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Porter, of Los Angeles, were 
at the California Hotel a few days ago. 

Mr. Clinton E. Worden was in Washington, D. 

C, early in the week. 

Mr. Thomas McCaleb is in New York. 

Professor and Mrs. David Starr Jordan enjoyed a 
visit to the Tavern of Tamalpais early in the week. 

Mr. and Mrs. G. C. Landis, of San Francisco, 
after spending a month visiting the Italian lakes, 
have taken rooms at the Hotel de Suede at Nice for 
the winter. 

Mr. George E. Morse has been spending the past 
two weeks in Washington, as the guest of President 
McKinley, and is now in New York, being enter- 
tained by Mr. and Mrs. Abner McKinley. He will 
return about the middle of this month. 

Among the week's visitors to the Tavern of Tam- 
alpais were Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Farrar, of Alameda, 
Mr. and Mrs. S. R. Johnstone, of Sacramento, Mr. 
H. M. Andrews and Mr. and Mrs. L. D. Martin, of 
Chicago, Mr. Walter E. Hope and Mr. W. S. 
Pierce, of New York, Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Auburn, 
of Detroit, Mr. Omar Goodridge, of Minneapolis, 
Mr. J. A. Dalziel, of Glasgow, Scotland, Mr. Rob- 
ert Dalziel, of Oakland, Mr. and Mrs. F. D. Day, 
of Salinas, Mr. C. H. Redmond, of Washington, 

D. C, Mr. and Mrs. L. P. McCarthy, Mr. Arthur 
F. Lundborg, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Vogelsand, Mr. 
T. Z. Blakeman, Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Burns, Mr. and 
Mrs. F. A. McKee. Mr. Lovell White, Mr. F. D. 
Atherton, Mr. J. E. Pettis, and Mr. Winfield S. 

Among the week's guests at the California Hotel 
were Mr. and Mrs. C. H. A. Stiles, of Santa Monica, 
Mr. and Mrs. F. A. Hays, of Alameda, Mr. and 
Mrs. L. Lamping, of Seattle, Mrs, J. J. Kenney 
and Miss Marion Kenney, of Toronto, Canada, Mr. 
and Mrs. V. T. Cray, of Stockton, Mr. and Mrs. 
R. T. Devlin, of Sacramento, Mr. and Mrs. J. C. 
Fraser, of Los Angeles, Miss E. B. Pearson and 
Miss V. S. Pleasants, of Stanford, Mr. C. Kirk- 1 
patrick and Dr. J. W. Hudson, of Chicago, the ! 
Misses N. Sheehan and D. Sheehan, of Los Angeles, 
Mr. W. C. Hare, of Salem, Or., Dr. D. Smith, of ! 
Livermore, Mr. R. G. Morison, of Bakersfield, Mr. 
James Feeley, of Red Bluff, Mr. R. E. Manly, 
of Manila, Mr. W. A. Mackinder. of St. Helena, 
and Rev. W. L. Clark, of Benicia. 

at the last minute by the serious illness of his wife, 
is at the Occidental Hotel with Mrs. Drake, who 
has now recovered. They will leave for the Orient 
on the next steamship. 

Lieutenant-Commander C. G. Calkins, U. S. N., 
who is in charge of the naval recruiting station and 
the branch hydrographic office in this city, and 
Mrs. Calkins are residing at 2635 Channing Way, 

Lieutenant Percy M. Kessler, Third Artillery, U. 
S. A., who recently returned from Manila, will leave 
on Friday, January irth, for Fort Flaglor, Wash., 1 
where he will report for duty with his battalion. 

Mrs. Insley, who has been staying in Washing- 
ton, D. C, will soon join her husband, Assistant- 
Paymaster H. R. Insley, U. S. N., who is stationed 
on the Bennington at Cavite, P. I. 

Mrs. Walker, wife of Captain Edward S. Walker, 
Eighth Infantry, U. S. A., who was recently in San 
Francisco, is now in St. Paul, where she will spend 
the winter with her mother and children. 

Surgeon L. B. Baldwin, U. S. N., retired, and 
Mrs. Baldwin, will spend the winter at Redlands. 

Lieutenant Eugene T. Wilson. Third Artillery, 
U. S. A., who has been granted a month's leave of 
absence, has been spending the Christmas holidays 
with his relatives in London, O. 

Major M. P. Maus, Second Infantry, U. S. A., 
and Mrs. Maus, have returned from San Diego. 

Dr. J. H. White, of Washington, D. C, assistant 
surgeon-general, U. S. M. H. C, is a guest at the 
Occidental Hotel. He is inspecting the marine 
hospital service. 

General George W. Davis, U. S. A., arrived here 
last week, en route to the Philippines, and was a 
guest at the Occidental Hotel. He was accompanied 
by his aid, Captain F. L. Parker, U. S. A. 

Captain Robert E. Inpey, U. S. N., has reported 
for duty at the Mare Island Navy Yard. His last 
tour of duty on this station was in 1874. 

Surgeon B. R. Ward, U. S. N., is at the Palace 

Mrs. R. B. Paddock, wife of Major Paddock, 
Sixth Cavalry, U. S. A., who is stationed at Manila, 
arrived on the transport Grant on Monday en route 
to her home in Chicago. 

Chaplain Walter G. Isaacs, U. S. N., and Lieu- 
tenant John McA. Palmer, Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. 
A., were at the California Hotel during the week. 

Chaplain James L. Smiley, U. S. A., was at the 
Occidental Hotel a few days ago. 

Among the officers who returned from the Orient 
on the transport Grant on Monday, December 31st, 
were Captain Maxwell S. Simpson, Captain J. D. 
Carr, and Captain Charles H. McGee, of the 
Twenty-Ninth Infantry, U. S. V. ; Lieutenant John 
McA. Palmer, Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. A. ; Lieu- 
tenant John S. Switzer, Fourth Cavalry, U. S. A. ; 
Lieutenant Weston P. Chamberlain and Lieutenant 
Lloyd England, Third Artillery, U. S. A., Lieu- 
tenant Thomas Ryan. Fortieth Infantry, U. S. V., 
Lieutenant Elmer B. Cavett, Thirty-Ninth Infantry, 
U. S. V., and Lieutenant Josesph H. Byerley, 
Twenty-Sixth Infantry, U. S. V. 

James F. J. Archibald, who attained the distinc- 
tion of being the first man shot in the Spanish- 
American War, has returned to this city and will 
remain here for some time, doing literary work on 
books he is writing on the Spanish war and the 
British-Boer contest. He has recently returned 
from South Africa, where he spent eight months as 
the correspondent of several London weeklies. At 
the outbreak of the Spanish war, Mr. Archibald de- 
parted with the First Regiment of regulars from 
this city, and while attempting to land in Cuba was 
wounded. For this work he received from Presi- 
dent McKinley the "distinguished-service" medal. 
Later he was appointed a volunteer aid on the staff 
of General McKibben, with the rank of captain, 
and served until the end of the war, when he re- 
turned to the United States. Some months later he 
returned to Cuba and served for five months on 
the staff of General Ludlow. He afterward at- 
tended the annual manoeuvres in Europe, and upon 
his return to America was appointed secretary of 
the Cuban Tariff Commission, which revised the 
tariff. When the Boer war broke out he went to 
the front as a correspondent, and while with the 
Boer army he was wounded by a British shell in 
the battles before Pretoria. He was taken a 
prisoner and paroled, and subsequently sent to Cape 
Town, where he took the steamer for Europe. 
While in Cuba in 1898, Mr. Archibald wrote us a 
note saying that he frequently saw copies of the 
Argonaut in the hands of the soldiers, generally 
worn to rags by repeated readings. 

Miss Zadee Maxwell, daughter of Walter S. Max- 
well, of Los Angeles, died in this city on January 
3d, from the effects of an operation for appendicitis. 
Miss Maxwell was just budding into womanhood, 
and was only twenty-two years of age. She was 
exceptionally talented, being an accomplished musi- 
cian, and had won considerable fame as a writer in 
the local papers of Los Angeles. 

— The variety of fine note-papers which 
is carried in stock by Messrs. Cooper & Co., the 
Art Stationers, embraces not only all the newest 
fads in stationery — but all the staple bonds and fine 
linens. No other house on the Pacific Coast carries 
so much of the better grades of papers. 

Army and Navy News. 

The latest personal notes relative to army and 
navy people who are known in San Francisco are 
appended : 

Commander Franklin J. Drake, U. S. N., who 
was to have sailed on the Occidental and Oriental 

A Thoroughly Reliable Establishment 

To buy precious stones, pearls, fine jewelry, and 
silverware. A. Hirschman, 10 Post Street (Masonic 

1 ♦ * 

- Dr. Decker, Dentist, 806 Market. Spe- 

Golf Notes. 

Some fifteen members of the San Francisco Golf 
Club entered the competitions at the Presidio links 
on New- Year's Day for the Liverpool gold medal — 
carrying with it the championship of the club over 
18 holes, medal play — and the Liverpool silver 
medal handicap. The championship contest was 
won for the second time by S. L. Abbot, Jr., with a 
score of 93 or two strokes more than the score with 
which he won the same trophy two years ago. War- 
ren Gregory was the winner of the silver medal, with 
a score of 99 less. 10. or 89. 

The complete scores in the tournament, in which 
the gross results counted for the gold medal and the 
net results for the silver medal, were as follows : 
1st 2d Handi- 

Roiind. Round. Gross, cap. Net. 

Warren Gregory 53 46 99 10 89 

J. H. Mee 50 48 98 8 90 

5. L. Abbot, Jr 45 48 93 2 91 

Captain Rumbough. . . 52 51 103 12 91 

H. A. Blackman 53 48 101 10 91 

H. C. Golcher 51 45 96 4 92 

B. D. Adamson 46 48 94 1 93 

R. H. Gaylord 49 49 o3 4 94 

W. H. Laboyteaux. ... 51 56 107 12 95 

C. R. Winslow 49 55 104 9 95 

L. Kellogg 52 53 105 8 97 

W. Lester 52 53 105 8 97 

R. V. Watt 61 58 119 14 105 

S. G. Euckbee 67 67 134 14 120 

Dr. J. A. Spencer 72 64 136 14 122 

The first match in the round-robin tournament at 
the Presidio links took place last Saturday, Decem- 
ber 29th, when R. H. Gaylord defeated Captain D. 
J. Rumbaugh 2 up, thereby getting 1 point to his 
credit. On Sunday H. B. Goodwin defeated J. W. 
Byrne 4 up, which entitles him to two points on the 
score, and R. H. Gaylord and Lansing Kellogg 
played up to the fifteenth hole, when the match was 
discontinued with Gaylord in the lead by 1 up. 
The remaining three holes, to be played at a later 
date, will decide the issue between them. On New- 
Year's Day H. C. Golcher defeated S. L. Abbot, Jr., 
by 1 up. • 

Encouraged by the excellent showing made by 
the ladies against the men in the recent putting con- 
test at the Presidio links, the ladies of the Oakland 
Club have challenged the gentlemen of that institu- 
tion to meet them in a similar contest on the green 
this (Saturday) afternoon. Mrs. P. E. Bowles will 
act as captain for the ladies in this contest and W. 
P. Johnson will perform a like duty for the men. 

The popular singers, Mr. and Mrs. Georg 
Henschel, who are making their farewell tour of 
America, will be heard at Metropolitan Hall in 
classical recitals on February 5th, 7th, 9th, nth, 
13th, and 14th. The advance sale for transferable 
season tickets will open on Monday, January 7th. 

Mile. Dolores (Antoinette Trebelli), who has just 
returned from a tour of Australia and New Zealand, 
will give two concerts at the Columbia Theatre on 
the afternoons of Tuesday, January 15th, and 
Thursday, January 17th. The advance sale of 
seats begins on Thursday next. 

The Challenge Explained. 

It has been reported to the Pattosien Company 
that some of their competitors claim that this large 
furniture and carpet house does not sell all of its 
stock cheaper than others. The Pattosien Company 
refutes this statement, and has organized this great 
challenge sale. From its already low prices it has 
reduced the entire stock from fifteen to thirty per 
cent. The business done by this house since the 
opening of the challenge sale is wonderful. Some 
fine furniture has been sold — bedroom suits for 
$150 is a line not to be seen every day. Fine Ax- 
minster carpets are selling at $no. Everything 
else just as cheap. Corner 16th and Mission Streets. 

Special Notice. 

The annual meeting of the Maria Kip Orphanage 
for the election of trustees and managers, will be 
held at the Diocesan House, 731 California Street, 
on Monday, January 14, 1901, at 2 P. M. Members 
and annual subscribers are especially invited to 
be present. 

— Kindergarten and German in connec- 
tion with Miss West's School. Next term begins 
Monday, January 7, 1901. 2014 Van Ness Avenue. 

Palace Hotel 

Every feature connected with the manage- 
ment of this hotel was introduced for the pur- 
pose of adding to the comfort, convenience, and 
entertainment of guests. 

The policy of providing luxuries such as 
have made the Palace famous will continue in 
force, and innovations calculated to still further 
increase its popularity will be introduced. 

Desirable location, courteous attaches, un- 
surpassed cuisine, and spacious apartments are 
the attributes that have made the Palace the 
ideal place for tourists and travelers who visit 
San Francisco. 

American plan. European plan. 

A Tonic and Nerve Food 

Acid Phosphate. 

When exhausted, depressed 
or wear) - from worry, insomnia 
or overwork of mind or body, 
take half a teaspoon of Hors- 
ford's Acid Phosphate in half a 
glass of water. 

It nourishes, strengthens and 
imparts new life and vigor by 
supplying the needed nerve food. 

Sold by Druggists in original packages only 


Pacific Coast Managers of 

The Traders Insurance Co. 


Assets .$2,500,000.00 

And Resident Agents 

Norwich Union 
Fire Insurance Society, 


Assets ------ $6,553,403 

No. 308 PINE STREET, San Francisco, Gal. 

Telephone Main 5710 


1st — Reliable and definite policy contracts. 
2d— Superb indemnity— FIREPROOF INSURANCE. 
3d — Quick and satisfactory adjustment of losses. 
4th — Cash payment of losses, on filing of proofs. 


Get Money of 



The Argonaut 

From 1877 to 1!)00. 


steamship Coptic several days ago, but was detained ' cialty, " Colton Gas" for painless teeth extracting. 


Has removed Ills office and residence to 
S.TV. Cor. Van Ness Ave. and California St. 

The Forty-Sixth Volume Is now ready. 
Complete sets of Bound Volumes, from Vol- 
ume I. to Volume XLVI. inclusive, can be 
obtained at the office of this paper. "With 
the exception of several of the earlier vol- 
umes, which are rare, the price is 85.00 per 
volume. Call at or address the Business 
Office or The Argonaut Publishing Co., 346 
Sutter Street. San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone James 5531. 

Dividend Notices. 


333 Sansome Street, San Francisco, 

Has for the year ending December 31, 1000, declared 
a dividend of five per cent, per annum on ordinary 
deposits and six per cent, on term deposits. 

WM. CORBIN. Secretary. 

and Loan Society, corner Market. McAllister, and 
Jones Streets, San Francisco, December 28, 1000. — At a 
regular meeting of the board of directors of this society, 
held this day, a dividend has been declared at the rate of 
three and one-eighth {3'i) per cent, per annum on all de- 
posits for the six months ending December 31, 1900, free 
from all taxes and payable on and after January a. iqoi. 
ROBERT J. TOBIN, Secretary. 


January 7, 1901. 


For the Season of 


Tri -Weekly 






5:00 P. M. 



8:0O A. M. 





Secure Time Tables and aiiy desired In- 
formation from any agent of the Southern 
Pacific Company. 


(pacific svstbm.) 

Trains leave and are due to arrive at 


(Main Line, Foot of Market Street.) 

lbavh I 

From Jan. 1, 1901. 


8 3° A 




7 45 f 

12- IS F 

6. is p 

7 '5 P 

4-15 * 
4-15 F 
11.45 A 

7. ISP 
5 45 P 

6.45 F 

7.30 a Benicia, Suisun, Elmira, Vacaville, 

Rumsey, and Sacramento 

7,30^1. Davis, Woodland, Knights Landing, 

r Marysville, Oroville 

7 . 30 a Atlantic Express— Ogden and East . . 
8 .00 a Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, Napa, 

Calistoga, and Santa Rosa. 

8.00 a Niles, Livermore, Tracy, Lathrop, 

Stockton ; ■ ■ • ■ • - - - 

Shasta Express — Davis, Williams 
(for Eartlett Springs), Willows, Red 

Bluff, Portland 

San Jose", Livermore, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, Placerville, Marys- 

ville, Chico, and Red Bluff 

30 a Oakdale, Chinese, Sonora, Carters... 

00 A Haywards, Niles, and Way Stations . 

00 a Los Angeles Express — Martinez, 

Tracy, Lathrop, Stockton, Merced, 

Fresno, and Los Angeles 

30 a Vallejo, Martinez, and Way Stations 
00 a Th* Overland Limited — Ogden, 

Denver, Omaha, Chicago 

00 a Niles, Stockton, Sacramento, Men- 
dota, Fresno, Hanford, Vralia, and 

Porterville 4''5 ' 

00 a Livermore, Sanger, Goshen Junction, 

Bakersfield, Los Angeles I 

Sacramento River Steamers t5 00 a 

Haywards, Niles, and Way Stations. 5.45 p 
Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, Napa, 

Calistoga, and Santa Rosa 9 - 15 a 

Benicia, Winters, Sacramento, 
Woodland, Knights Landing, 

Marysville, and Oroville 10 45 a 

Haywards, NUes, and San Jose\. f8 45 a 

Niles, Livermore, Stockton, Lodi 10.45 a 

Sunset Limited, El Paso, New Or- 
leans, and East cio.15 A 

The Owl Limited. Tracy, Fresno, 
Bakersfield, Saugus for Santa Bar- 
bara, and Los Angeles 10.15 A 

New Orleans Express— Bakersfield, 
Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Dem- 
ing.El Paso, New Orleans, and East 

Haywards, Niles, and San Jose 1 

Vallejo -• 

Oriental Mail — Ogden, Cheyenne, 

Omaha, Chicago 12 . 15 F 

Oriental Mail — Ogden, Denver, 

Omaha, Chicago - 4-i5 P 

Oregon and California Express, Sac- 
ramento, Marysville.Redding, Port- 
land, Puget Sound, and East 8.45 a 

05 P San Pablo, Port Costa, Martinez, 

and Way Stations xi 45 a 

05 p Vallejo 7-45P 

00 P 
00 P 
00 P 

30 P 
00 P 
00 P 

00 F 
00 P 

7-45 A 
7-45 A 
1 -45 A 

COAST DIVISION (Narrow Gauge). 

(Foot of Market Street). 

8 . 15 a Newark, Centerville, San Jose", Fel- 
ton, Boulder Creek, Santa Cruz, 

and Way Stations 6. so r 

♦2 15 P Newark, Centerville, San Jose", New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and Principal Way 

Stations t"> -5© a 

4.15 P Newark, San Jose", Los Gatos 8.50 a 

no 30 P Hunters' Excursion, San Jose" and 

Way Stations t7«> p 


From SAN FRANCISCO— Foot of Market St. (Slip 8)— 

+7 15 9.00 11.00 a.m., 1.00 3,00 5.00 P.M. 

From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway— f^oo I 800 

f8.05 10.00 a.m. 12.00 2.00 4.00 5.15 P. M. 

COAST DIVISION (Broad Gauge). 

(Third and Townsend Streets.) 

to xo a Ocean View, South San Francisco.... f6-3o p 
*7 00 a San Jose' and Way Stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only) 1 .30 P 

a 00 a San JosS, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Surf, Lompoc, and 

Principal Way Stations 4 . 10 P 

10 40 a San Josft and Way Stations 6.35 a 

11.30 a San Jose" and Way Stations 5.30 P 

»a 4<; P San Mateo, Redwood, Menlo Park, 
Palo Alto, Santa Clara, San Jose 1 , 
Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, Salinas, 

Monterey, and Pacific Grove ti°-3° a 

♦3.30 P San Jos* and Way Stations 7.30 P 

♦4.15 f San Jose" and Principal Way Stations 9.45 a 
fS.oo p San Jose\ Los Gatos, and Principal 

Way Stations fa 0° a 

5.30 p San lose" and Principal Way Stations 8.35 a 

6.30 F San tosi and Way Stations. fS-ooA 

an .45 p San Jos e" and Way Stations 7.30 P 

a for Morning. 
♦ Sunday excepted. 
£■ Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays, 
c Tuesda' s, Thursdays, Sundays. 
a Saturday only. 

p for Afternoon. 
J Sunday only. 

call for at i check baggage from hotels and residences. 
Inquire' Ticket Agents for Tune Cards and other in- 
foroiatioi n 


Mistress (severely) — " If such a thing occurs again, 
Norah, I shall have to get another servant." Norak 
— "I wish yer would; there's easily enough work 
fer two of us." — Tit-Bits. 

She — " Have you read that continued story in the 
paper?" He — "Not all of. it." She — "How far 
did you get?" He — "I finished the 'synopsis of 
preceding chapters.'" — Brooklyn Life. 

Golf and chess : Foozle — " I suppose you are 
willine to admit that golf is an intellectual pastime ? " 
Bunker — " Yes, in about the same sense that chess 
is an athletic game." — Boston Transcript. 

Sportsman (to Smith, who hasn't brought down a 
single bird all day) — "Do you know Lord Peck- 
ham ?" Smith — " Oh, dear, yes ; I've often shot at 
his house." Sportsman — " Ever hit it ? " — Fun. 

Lucky Bingles : " Bingles is a lucky man; his 
time goes right on whether he is waking or sleeping, 
sick or well." "What is Bingles's business?" 
" Watchmaker." — Columbus (O.J State Journal. 

A scientist at work : " How did you come to be a 
professional beggar?" " 1 ain't no professional 
beggar. I'm employed to git up statistics on how 
many heartless people they is in this town." — Chicago 

Home-grown lustre : " Then you don't bank much 
on ancestral pride?" " No ; it is more to a man's 
credit to start from nowhere and be somebody than 
to start from somewhere and be nobody." — Indian- 
apolis Journal. 

The exact truth exacted : Caller — " You look like 
a good and truthful girl ; tell me — is your mistress 
really out ? " Domestic — " She is, ma'am." Caller 
— " Where ? " Domestic — " At the elbows, ma'am." 
Chicago Tribune. 

A subsidy defined : " 1 see so much in the news- 
papers about subsidies. What does a subsidy mean, 
John?" "A subsidy, Mary, is where I give you 
twenty dollars for going to see your mother instead 
of having her come to see you." — Denver News. 

" There goes a man who awoke one morning to 
find himself famous." " You don't say so 1 What 
did he do — write a great poem, or sink a collier, 

or " "No ; he's a dentist and once filled the 

teeth of the victim of a murder mystery." — Chicago 

So consoling : Lady (whose mare has just kicked 
a member of the hunt, who was following too 
closely)—" Oh, I'm so sorry 1 I do hope it didn't 
hurt you ! She's such a gentle thing, and could 
only have done it in the merest play, you know." — 

Useless : " You didn't submit quietly to their gag- 
ging you, did you ? " asked the officers who had hur- 
ried to the scene as soon as the robbery was over. 
" No I " gasped the victim ; " I chewed the rag, of 
course, but what good did that do ? " — Chicago 

Mr. Sophtie—" Well, Willie, your sister has given 
herself to me for a Christmas present ; what do you 
think of that ? " Willie—" Huh ! That's what she 
done iur Mr. Brown last year, an' he gev her back 
before Easter ; I bet you'll do the same." — Philadel- 
phia Record. 

" Man," said the up-to-date maiden, " is but a 
mixture of arrogance, tobacco, and foot-ball statis- 
tics." "Woman," answered the end-of-the-century 
man, " is no more than a compound of vanity, cos- 
metics, and golf poses." And then they were mar- 
ried. — Detroit Free Press. 

Walker—" The bride was quite a popular girl, 
wasn't she ? " Watkinson — " Yes, indeed ; the 
Evening Sacrificer sent its sporting man to report 
it ; he printed a list of rejected lovers half a column 
long under the heading ' Among Those Who Also 
Ran.' " — St. Louis Post-Dispatch. 

Stranger — " What is the population of Chicago 
now?" Chicagoan — "Two million and a half I " 
Stranger (astounded)-— " Why, I thought it was 
only about one million six hundred thousand ? " 
Chicagoan — " Oh, that was several weeks ago, when 
the last census was taken." — Town Topics. 

Censored: "Wait!" exclaimed the first Lon- 
doner, stopping before the London Times office, 
"let's read these bulletins about the situation in 
South Africa." " No," replied the other, much dis- 
gruntled ; " I want to know nothing at all about it." 
" Then you ought" to read these ; they're official." 
— Philadelphia Press. 

Sta?dman's Soothing Powders are termed soothing 
because they correct, mitigate, and remove disorders 
of the system incident to teething. 

A phenomenal success : Cahill — ' ' Was the shtrike 
a success?" Cassidy — "It was. Afther being out 
six weeks we succaded in gittin' back our jobs." — 
Puck. _ 

— Dr. E. O. Cochrane, Dentist, removed 
to Spring Valley Building. Office hours, 9 to 5. 

Mothers be sure and use " Mrs. Winslow's 
Soothing Syrup " for your children while teething. 

R. H. PEASE, President. F. M. SHEPARD, Jr., Treasurer. O. F. RUNYON, Secretary. 




Rubber Belting and Packing, Clothing, Boots, and Shoes. 

573-575-577-579 Market St. 


73-75 First St. 


A good cooK 
^\Sperrys Flour 

means good 
f bread arvd 
.pas fry 







Today, tomorrow, 
and the next day, 
if spent on this 
great train, will 
land you in 
Chicago, and on 
the way you are 
dined like a prince. 
San Francisco to 
Chicago, on the 


Santa Fe 


Always Fresh. 
Always the Best. 

are sold everywhere. 

1901 Seed Annual free. 

For Printing 
and "Wrapping. 

401-403 Sansome St. 


By special arrangement with the publishers, and by concessions in price on both sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers direct to this office : 

Subscribers in renewing subscriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention the date of expiration 
in order to avoid mistakes. 

The Argonaut and the Century for One Tear, by Mall 87 • 00 

The Argonaut and Scribner's Magazine for One Tear, by Mail 6.25 

The Argonaut and St. Nicholas for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and Harper's Magazine for One Tear, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's Weekly for One Year, by Mall 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's Bazar for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and the Weekly New York Tribune (Republican) for One Year, by Mail 4.50 

The Argonaut and the Thrice-a-Week N. Y. World (Democratic) for One Year, by Mail 4.26 

The Argonaut, the Weekly Tribune, and the Weekly World for One Year, by Mail.. .. 5.25 

The Argonaut and Political Science Quarterly for One Year, by Mail 5.90 

The Argonaut and the English Illustrated Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.70 

The Argonaut and the Atlantic Monthly for One Year, by Mall 6.70 

The Argonaut and Outing for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Judge for One Year, by Mail 7.50 

The Argonaut and Blackwood's Magazine (monthly) for One Year, by Mail 6.20 

The Argonaut and the Critic for One Year, by Mail 5.10 

The Argonaut and Life for One Year, by Mail 7.75 

The Argonaut and Puck for One Year, by Mall 7.50 

The Argonaut and Demorest's Family Magazine for One Year, by Mail 5.00 

The Argonaut and Current Literature for One Year, by Mall 5.90 

The Argonaut and the Nineteenth Century (monthly) for One Year, by Mail 7-25 

The Argonaut and the Argosy for One Year, by Mail ~\ 4.35 

The Argonaut and the Overland Monthly for One Year, by Mail 4.25 

The Argonaut and the Review of Reviews for One Year, by Mail 5.76 

The Argonaut and Llppincott's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 5.20 

The Argonaut and the North American Review for One Year, by Mall 7.50 

The Argonaut and the Cosmopolitan for One Year, by Mail.... 4.36 

The Argonaut and the Forum for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and Vogue for One Year, by Mail 6.10 

The Argonaut and Llttell's Living Age for One Year, by Mail 9.00 

The Argonaut and Leslie's Weekly for One Year, by Mail 5.60 

The Argonaut and the International Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.60 

The Argonaut and the Pall Mall Magazine for One Year, by Mall 6.00 

The Argonaut and the Mexican Herald for One Year, by Mall 10. SO 

The Argonaut and Munsey's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4. 35 

The Argonaut and Mc Clare' a Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4-35 

The Argonaut and the Criterion for One Year, by Mall 4,86 

The Argonaut. 

Vol. XLVIII. No. 1244. 

San Francisco, January 14, 1901. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is pub- 
lished evcryweek at No. 246 Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $4.00 per year ; six months, $2.25 ; three montlts, $1.30. 
payable in advance^postage prepaid. Subscriptions to all foreign countries 
within the Postal Union, $5.00 per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, 10 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in the interior supplied by the San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, aboz-e Powell, to w/iom all orders from 
the trade should be addressed. Subscribers wishing their addresses changed 
should give their old as -well as new addresses. The A merican News Company; 
New York, are agents for the Eastern trade. T/te A rgonaut may be ordered 
front any News Dealer or Postmaster in t/te United States or Europe. No 
traveling canvassers employed. Special advertising rates to publislters. 

Address all communications intended for the Editorial Department thus: 
"Editors Argonaut, 246 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cat." 
' Address alt communications intended for tlte Business Department thus : 
" The Argonaut Publishing Company) 24b Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cat'' 

Make all checks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to " The Argonaut 
Publishing Company." 

The Argonaut can be obtained in London at Tlte Intenuztional News Co., 
5 Breams Buildings, Chancery Lane; American Newspaper and Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buildings, Northumberland Avenue. In Paris, at 37 
Avenue de VOpira. In New York, at Brentands, 31 Union Square. In 
Chicago, at 206 Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at ioij Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, Janus 2531. 



Editorial: Assembling of the Legislature — Message of Governor Gage — 
Recommendations for Economy — Abridgment of the Franchise— Ine- 
quality of Representation — Opening of the Question in Congress — Men 
for the Twentieth Century — Indictment of Carelessness and Ignorance 
— Where the Fault Rests — Careless and Vicious Workmen— A Building 
Illustration — Destructive Consequences in Peace and War — A Man 
Who Got There— The " Message to Garcia " — A Sweeping Accusation 
Proved True — New Steamer Line to New York — Passing of the Sailer 
— Commonwealth of Australia Inaugurated— Significant Event at the 
Opening of the Century — Last Year's Harvest of Crime — Hangings 
and Lynchings — Increase of Suicides — Gossip of the Great Canal — The 
Gibraltar and Nicaragua Keys to Commerce — Government Concessions 
and Private Indemnities— The Lash for the Brute— Corporal Punish- 
ment Advocated — To Benefit the Wines of California — Cooperation of 
Producers and Dealers — Gaining the Ear of an Afternoon Tea — Griev- 
ances of Tea-Goers— Mrs. Tannin's Startling Confession 1-3 

The Man-Dog : A Tragic Story of Magnolia Island in the Black Swamp. 
By Nathan C. Kouns 4 

Farewell and Greeting. By Alfred Austin 5 

A New Opera of Paris : Andre" Charpentier's Music Drama, that 
Pictures the Allurements of the Great City with Freshness and Force — 
An American Girl's Success — Delna's Wonderful Voice. By Geraldine 
Bonner c, 

Twhntieth-Centitrv Journalism: Rivalry of New York Publishers- 
Visit of Alfred Harmsworth, the English Editor — His Ideas in 
Practical Form— Cutting Down Sensational Heads and Wide Pages 6 

Old Favorites : " The Owl Critic," by James T. Fields 6 

Individualities : Notes About Prominent People All Over the World 6 

Longfellow and the Dante Club: William Dean Howelts's Charm- 
ing Reminiscences of the Famous Organization of Old Cambridge — 
Anecdotes of Holmes, Lowell, Agassiz, and Appleton 7 

Intaglios: "Dawn," by Grace Duffield Goodwin; "Good-Night," by 
Josephine Preston Peabody ; " Buried Thoughts," by Alfred S. Don- 
aldson ; " The Changing Skies," by Elizabeth Gibson ; " Shake- 
speare " 8 

Literary Notes : Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Publica- 
lions 8-9 

Drama: "Way Down East" at the Columbia Theatre. By Josephine 
Hart Phelps . . 10 

Stage Gossip 11 

Another Triumph for Jean de Reszke 11 

Vanity Fair: "Fashion's Seven Stages" — Extravagant Display of 
New York Society a Fiction— Vulgarity Merely in the Descriptions — 
Expenditures Small in American Households — Not a Tax Such as 
Aristocratic Entertainers in England Must Pay— Queen Wilhelmina's 
Choice a Lady-Killer — Mysterious Fascination of Ugly Men — Rum- 
mage Sales the Latest Fad — Qualities That Contribute to Their 
Success — The Vogue of Creased Trousers — Unfounded Beliefs of 
Idealists 12 

Storyettes : Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — Miss Bryan's 
Cause for Joy — Thomas B. Reed's Latest Conundrum — Gilbert on the 
New Hamlet — A Puerto Rtcan Judgment — Sydney Smith and 
Macaulay — Mrs. Craigie's Epigrams— A Singer's Embarrassments — 
President Harrison's Lunch— General De Wet and the Scouts — A 
British Toast and Its Sequel — Cyrus Townsend Brady's Boy 13 

The Tuneful Liar: M The Babes in the Wood," "The Man Behind 
the No" 13 

Society: Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip— Army and 
Navy News 14-15 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dismal Wits 
of the Day 16 

The thirty-fourth session of the State legislature opened on 
. ■ Monday last with a large proportion of new 


of the members in both branches. C. W. Pendle- 

Legislature. torij f l os Angeles, was chosen speaker of 
the assembly, and Thomas Flint, Jr., of San Benito County, 
was made president pro tern, of the senate. The organiza- 
tion was effected with nothing more than the form of con- 
test, the Democratic minority in the senate voting with the 

Governor Gage's first biennial message is a long and com- 
prehensive document. Economy is its leading motive, and 

J caution is recommended in all appropriations. The practice 
, of exchanging votes in aid of reckless expenditures is 
noticed, and a warning given against such extravagance. 
Especial care is advised at this time, since the adoption of 
j the constitutional amendments exempting church and univer- 
> sity property from taxation might increase the tax burden of 
; the public. 

Protection against the influx of Oriental labor is declared 
to be imperative, and the legislature is urged to adopt reso- 
lutions impressing upon the California delegation in Con- 
gress the necessity of redoubled efforts in this cause. 

The history of the bubonic-plague scare is given in detail. 
The investigation participated in by the governor, and which 
is declared to have proved that the disease at no time existed 
in this State, is reviewed at length. Laws prohibiting the 
importation of plague germs for experimental or other pur- 
poses are suggested. It is recommended that the powers of 
the State board of health be extended, and a State quaran- 
tine officer provided for. To make the publication of 
false plague reports a felony it is asked that a new law be 

The work of the harbor commissioners is reviewed and 
commended. Legislation for the assistance of the debris 
commission is advocated. In aid of the State University it 
is suggested that non-resident students be required to pay 
tuition fees. A primary law is declared to be a require- 
ment. Attention is given to recent scandals in the State 
dental and pharmacy boards which have left these organiza- 
tions in a deplorable condition. The present effective or- 
ganization of the National Guard is recognized. Recom- 
mendations are made for the limiting of time in which 
claims by counties against the State may be presented, 
for the supervision of private hospitals for the insane by 
the State lunacy commission, and for a quarantine against 
alien insane patients. It is urged that the power of the 
State prison directors in paroling prisoners should be ex- 
tended, and a law is called for making punishable by death 
the assault of a convict on a person in State prisons. 

The inception, methods, and progress of the movement in 
Abridgment certain Southern States to disfranchise their 

of the colored citizens were described in these 

Franchise. columns some weeks ago, and the probability 

suggested of congressional action in connection with re- 
apportionment of representation in the lower House under 
the recent census. The subject has now at least been in- 
troduced, and in view of the manifest disproportion between 
voting strength and representative strength when Northern 
States are compared with Southern States where disfran- 
chisement has obtained, coupled with the constitutional 
mandate that when the right to vote is denied to citizens of 
lawful age, except for rebellion or crime, " the basis of 
representation shall be reduced," it is difficult to understand 
how the matter could have been ignored. 

Here is a little table which illustrates the inequality : 


Population. Total Vote. 

1 goo, j goo. 

North Carolina 1,891,992 292,541 

Mississippi 1 .55 I <37 2 59. 10 3 

Louisiana 1,381,627 67.904 

South Carolina 1,340,312 50.812 

Total 6,165,303 470.360 


New Jersey 1,883,669 401,050 

Minnesota I >75 I .39S 316,311 

California i.4 8 5.°53 2 94.764 

Maryland 1,189,946 264,503 

Total 6,310,063 1,276,628 

No comment is required to disclose the significance of 
these figures. Mississippi and South Carolina have the 
same number of members in the national House of Repre- 
sentatives that California and Minnesota have, viz., seven 
each ; Louisiana and Maryland have six each ; and North 
Carolina has nine ; while New Jersey has only eight. 

The House Committee on Census has evolved two re- 
apportionment bills, neither of which touches the vital point. 
The Hopkins bill, introduced by the majority, leaves the 

membership of the House at 357, where it now stands ; and 
the Burleigh bill, reported by the minority, proposes to in- 
crease it to 3S6. During the last week, however, a resolu- 
tion was offered by Mr. Olmstead, a Pennsylvania member, 
which has caused a rattling of the dry bones, stirred up the 
old sectional feeling at the South, and opened a way for sift- 
ing the whole question. 

The Olmstead resolution, after reciting the fact of dis- 
franchisement in certain States and the constitutional re- 
quirement, shows that the total vote for congressmen in 
Mississippi was reduced from 62,652 in 1890 to 27,045 in 
189S, and that one member from that State received only 
2,068 votes out of a population of 184,297. The total con- 
gressional vote of South Carolina in the same years was re- 
duced from 73,522 to 28,831, and one of her representatives 
received only 1,765 votes in a district the population of 
which was 158,851 in 1890. The vote in Louisiana has 
similarly been reduced from 74,542 to 33,161, and one 
congressman holds his seat by a total vote of 2,494, given 
by a population of 208,803. 

The Olmstead resolution provides for a committee to in- 
vestigate and report in what States the franchise has been 
abridged and what proportion the disfranchisement bears to 
the whole number of male citizens of voting age in each 
State. A lively debate resulted by a vote of 92 to 88 in 
sending the resolution to the Census Committee, where it 
may develop strength or may die of inanition. 

Men for the 



century man 
ought to do. 

During these dawn-of-the-century days the papers are full of 
mystic speculations about the twentieth cen- 
tury. They discuss the twentieth- century 
woman ; they ponder over the twentieth 
they wonder what he will do, and what he 
But most of all they puzzle themselves over 
" What is the greatest need of the twentieth century ? " 
Their theorizing is as valuable as newspaper theories gener- 
ally are, but the sages of the dailies never hit upon what is 
the greatest need of the twentieth century. They discuss 
the coming wonders of electricity ; wireless telegraphy and 
telephony ; lightning-like transportation by land and sea ; 
air-ships and balloon carriages. All of this is very well, but 
to operate them there will be need of men. 

The greatest need of the twentieth century will be men — 
men who " get there " — men who do their work as well as 
they can. 

The modern phrase, " get there," may be accepted as a 
slangy paraphrase for " Whatsoever thy hand findeth to 
do, do it with all thy might." 

How many men do that ? Every boy has looked forward 
with proud anticipation to the day when he should be a man. 
To him a man seems a god-like creature, masterful, strong, 
many-handed, quick-witted, obeyed by women and children 
and even by lesser men. But how often the thoughtful boy, 
when he arrives at manhood, finds that his beliefs were but 
visions ; that his idols have feet of clay ; that the men 
around him are but boys grown tall ; that they have the 
weaknesses of boys ; that they have the same propensity for 
dodging duty ; and if he become an employer of labor he 
speedily finds that the men under him must be watched 
much as a school-master watches his boys. Large estab- 
lishments employing thousands of men are forced to make 
the most minute rules concerning the bodily habits of their 
employees, otherwise they find that under the pretense of 
attention to the corpus curiae, the men will cause their em- 
ployers to lose thousands of dollars a year in stolen time. 
It was Charles Reade who wrote of an epitaph left half- 
finished by the stone-cutters : " The British workman would 
leave the ' d ' in God unfinished when the clock struck the 
hour for beer." 

But this indictment is not leveled at lazy men, but rather 
at careless, shiftless, ignorant, vicious, and worthless ones. 
Over the lazy man it is useless to worry. He was born 
tired, and he will die so. Besides, he rarely does harm to 
any one but himself. He is too lazy. He is the opium- 
fiend of the Occident. Like his listless brother of the 
Orient, his brains are doped ; but the doping date 


January 14, 1901. 


fancy, and there is no antidote. Let the lazy man pass. 
He has his uses. He is frequently picturesque. He fills up 
the landscape for industrious artists. And when he dies he 
makes better fertilizing material than his industrious brother 
because he is generally fatter. Let him rest in peace. 

It is not, then, of the lazy man but of the careless man 
that we would speak, and in this one word " careless " are 
lumped all the qualities included in the terms " worthless," 
"shiftless," "dilatory," "ignorant," "half-hearted," and 
"vicious." For the careless employee who kills, drowns, 
burns, or maims human beings by his lack of care is more 
than careless — he is vicious. Yet scarcely a week passes 
that we do not hear of some train-dispatcher who has sent 
two trains hurtling into one another because he " made a 
mistake." If the twentieth-century man would do his 
work as well as he can, there would be no such " mistakes," 
for there is hardly an accident in our complex civilization 
which can not be attributed to carelessness or to crime — 
sometimes to both, for the lack of care which permits 
crime is itself a crime. When two trains collide, when a 
washout ditches a train, when a burned bridge wrecks a 
train, when a steamship's shaft snaps in twain, when a steam- 
ship's cylinder-head blows out, when a boiler explodes — 
these are none of them acts of God ; there is always some 
human agency at fault ; it may be the division superintend- 
ent; it may be the track- inspector ; it may be the in- 
spector of steel ; it may be the steamship engineer — but 
there is always some man to blame. There was a flaw in the 
steel of the snapping shaft which should not have passed 
in the foundry. There was faulty working of the piston 
when the cylinder-head blew out which should have been 
detected by the trained ear of a careful engineer. There 
was neglect in inspecting the water-gauges of the exploded 
boiler. Out of the long chapter of catastrophes to machin- 
ery made by men, there are always men to blame. 

Leaving the question of careless, negligent, and ignorant 
c ess handling of great transportation machinery, 

the mismanagement of which involves death 
or disaster, let us take up the matter of work j 
involving less fateful matters. Let us take the question of j 
building. The land-owner who begins the erection of a I 
dwelling-house or a business building little knows what he 
has to encounter. Almost every imaginable kind of care- i 
lessness, thievery, and viciousness will confront him. Before ; 
he has finished he would disbelieve his own brother. It [ 
was the Psalmist who mused, " I said in my haste, all men j 
are liars." Were he to build a house nowadays, he could ' 
say it at his leisure. The unfortunate man who begins 
building may fall into the hands of a dishonest architect. ' 
He may find that his architect is in collusion with the con- I 
tractor. He may find that the contractors are in collusion i 
with the quarrymen, brick-makers, or lumber men. He may ! 
find that he is paying more for stone or brick or lumber 
than his neighbor did. He may discharge his dishonest 
architect, after a violent quarrel, and get a new one. He 
may find that his new architect is not a knave but a fool. 
He may find that the contractors think his new architect 
is a " good thing." He may find them ringing in on 
the architect unseasoned lumber, poor cement, and dis- 
honest mortar. He may find that doors are badly hung ; 
he may find the hardware Brummagem instead of 
bronze ; he may find that the plumbers delay the car- 
penters, that the carpenters delay the plasterers, that the 
plasterers delay the painters ; he may find that the plumbers 
forget to put ventilating pipes in the bath-rooms ; that after 
the tinners finish the tin roof, the forgotten ventilator pipes 
must be put in and run through the tin roof ; that thereafter 
the tin roof leaks ; that the plumbers ran their drain-pipes 
under the building and let them remain there unconnected. 
In the San Francisco City Hall the plumbers ran the drain- 
pipes into the basement under the mayor's office, where they 
discharged for years unnoticed, making a cesspool of the 
cellar, and nearly killing two or three mayors before it was 
found out. He may find that the painters used poor oil and 
that the paint crumbles off. He may find that the brick- 
layers laid chimneys only one brick thick on the hidden side ; 
that the carpenters were too lazy to remove the shavings and 
rubbish around the flue ; that his ten-dollar-a-day superin- 
tendent did not detect this knavery ; that the thin layer of 
brick permitted the heat to ignite the rubbish. Finally, he 
may find his house burning down over his head because of a 
careless superintendent, a lazy carpenter, and a criminal 

All of this is not an exaggeration, as any man can testify 
who has had building to do. The same ignorance, careless- 
ness, shiftlessness, and viciousness runs through the ranks 
of all condit'ans of men. Probably the most destructive re- 
sults of these qualities are in the administration and direc- 
tion of gri'at armies. Ignorance and carelessness in high 
military c.jcials mean the loss of scores of thousands of 
TL.a is not only true of incompetent generals who 

lose thousands of men in battle ; it is also true of quarter- 
masters who do not properly feed and transport men, and 
chief surgeons who fail to care for them properly. Many 
thousands of stalwart American soldiers perished of typhoid 
fever during our little Spanish war — soldiers who never set 
foot in the tropics, but lived in camps on American soil, 
where they were poisoned by their own latrines because their 
medical officers were too careless or too ignorant to disinfect 
them. In South Africa, thousands of British soldiers have 
died of enteric fever, rotting and dying on the bare ground 
because their medical and transportation officers were too 
shiftless or too careless to bring to the front the blankets 
and medicines lying useless at the Cape. 

In the arts of peace these curious faults have less de- 
structive consequences, except in the great transportation 
systems of the world by land and sea. There also they are 
to be feared. But employers of labor know how common 
they are in all the walks of life. 


is done in large Western cities, although it will not compare 

A Man 


Got There. 

booklet entitled " A Message to Garcia," by 
Elbert Hubbard, has been circulated by 
hundreds of thousands throughout the 
United States. It is brief — only about 
eleven hundred words — but it is a meaningful sermon to all 
men who work with hands or brains. The writer says that 
during the Spanish war President McKinley desired to send 
a message to Garcia in the heart of beleaguered Cuba. 
There were any number of bureaucratic gentlemen in 
Washington who knew how not to send a message to 
Garcia. But the President was peculiar and wanted it sent. 
Finally he found that " a man by the name of Rowan " 
might do it. So Rowan was sent for. He raised no 
difficulties, he required no explanations, he demanded no 
instructions, but he delivered the message to Garcia. 
Hubbard asks how many men in the United States could 
have been found to " deliver a message to Garcia." He 
says : 

" You, reader, put this matter to a test r You are sitting now in your 
office — six clerks are within call. Summon any one and make this re- 
quest : ' Please look in the encyclopedia and make a brief memorandum 
for me concerning the life of Correggio.' 

" Will the clerk quietly say, ' Yes, sir,' and go do the task ? 

" On your life, he will not. He will look at you out of a fishy eye, 
and ask one or more of the following questions : 

" • Who was he? 

" ' Which encyclopedia ? 

" ' Where is the encyclopedia ? 

" ' Was I hired for that ? 

" ' Don't you mean Bismarck ? 

" ' What's the matter with Charlie doing it ? 

" ' Is he dead ? 

" ' Is there any hurry ? 

" ' Shan't I bring you the book and let you look it up yourself? 

" ' What do you want to know for ? ' 

" And I will lay you ten to one that after you have answered the 
questions, and explained how to find the information, and why you 
want it, the clerk will go off and get one of the other clerks to help 
him try to find Garcia — and then come back and tell you there is no 
such man. Of course I may lose my bet, but according to the law of 
average, I will not. 

" Now, if you are wise, you will not bother to explain to your 
' assistant ' that Correggio is indexed under the C's, not in the K's, but 
you will smile sweetly and say, ' Never mind,' and go look it up your- 

While there is a tone of humorous exaggeration about the 
foregoing extract, no man familiar with affairs can deny 
that there is much of truth in it. The average workman, 
the average mechanic, the average clerk, will spend more 
time in making ingenious excuses for not doing his work 
than he will in doing the work itself. 

This little sermon, " A Message to Garcia," appeared in 
the Philistine Magazi7ie, printed and published by Elbert 
Hubbard at Aurora, N. Y. It attracted the attention of 
George H. Daniels, general agent of the New York Central 
Railroad. There is no business where these peculiar 
qualities of carelessness and shiftlessness are more danger- 
ous than in the railroad business. Mr. Daniels was so im- 
pressed by the pithy wisdom of " A Message to Garcia " 
that he secured permission to reprint it. He then began 
issuing it in one of the New York Central Series of booklets 
entitled " The Four-Track Series." The first edition was 
one hundred thousand. The demand for succeeding edi- 
tions speedily increased until at last five hundred thousand 
were issued. But the demand goes on and " The Message 
to Garcia " is now in its second half million. 

Mr. Hubbard, the author, is no doctrinaire or arm-chair 
theorist. He has founded at Aurora, N. Y., the Roycroft 
Printing Shop, and he has set the young men and women 
of that village to work turning out handsomely printed 
books. They set up the type, print the sheets on hand- 
made paper, fold them, tan the skins for their leather bind- 
ings, do the tooling and other ornamental work, and frequently 
illuminate the pages by hand, with initial letters, vignettes, 
and head and tail-pieces. They turn out some very hand- 
some books. Even the village blacksmith was instigated by 
Mr. Hubbard to begin forging artistic andirons, and now his 
andiron business has forced him to intrust horseshoeing to 
apprentice farriers. The work of the Roycroft shop, 
although done in a village, is better than much of that which 

with that of the great presses like the Oxford Press of Eng- 
land, the De Vinne Press of New York, or the Norwood Press 
of Norwood, Mass. — an establishment not widely known 
apparently, but doing most of the work for the Macmillan 
Company, and doing work of the most artistic character. 

Mr. Hubbard's booklet, "A Message to Garcia," was re- 
printed by the Roycroft Press in an " edition of luxury " — 
numbered copies, and all that sort of thing. Rich leather 
binding, gilt tops, large paper, uncut edges, rubricated title, 
illuminated initials, and red satin " end papers." And yet, 
as the very crown and apotheosis of Mr. Hubbard's sermon 
to careless workmen, these three prominent blemishes are 
noticeable in the Roycroft edition. 

1. The rubricated side-notes are out of register. 

2. The elaborate border-rules are not cut true, and there- 
fore ' bind ' and print askew. 

3. On the copyright line on the reverse of the title-page, 
the name " Hubbard " is printed in small capitals, but a 
careless compositor has failed to insert a small capital " u," 
a myopic proof-reader has passed it, and it is printed thus : 

Nothing could more strikingly prove how true is the 
sweeping accusation leveled by Mr. Hubbard against the 
carelessness of workmen than these blunders in his own 
booklet. It is done in his own shop ; it is printed and 
bound regardless of expense ; it is a sermon against the 
blunders and carelessness of workmen ; yet his own work- 
men are careless in printing it, and begin blundering on the 
back of the title-page. 

Coming back from small to great things, the need of the 
Men for twentieth century will be men — men who 

Leaders or " get there," men who do their work as 

Men - well as they can. When President Lincoln 

was striving to crush the Rebellion, he had numbers of 
faultless generals like McClellan, who had the whole theory 
of war in the knot of a sword-scarf. But all these fault- 
less generals did nothing with the Army of the Potomac, 
and Lincoln was forced to send into the West for a man — 
Grant. Grant did what he was sent to do. He took 
Richmond. He crushed the Rebellion. He was not brill- 
iant like McClellan ; he was modest and unassuming ; but 
he " got there." The twentieth century will need a man. in 
the Philippines. We have sent none there yet. There, 
too, faultless generals have gone, but not a man. We need 
one badly. For eighteen months Great Britain has been 
sending generals to South Africa, but she has not yet 
accomplished her ends there. In this dawn of the 
twentieth century she badly needs a man there also. The 
London ovation to Lord Roberts while " Home Guards " 
are arming to defend Cape Town, shows how badly Great 
Britain needs a man in South Africa. It took eighteen 
centuries from the death of Caesar to produce another 
world-conqueror in the person of Napoleon. From the 
feeble wars being waged now by the two great Anglo- 
Saxon nations, the end of the nineteenth century does not 
promise well for the beginning of the twentieth century in 
the matter of leaders of men. 

Of a verity, the need of the twentieth century will be ex- 
actly the same as the need of the first century : Men — 
strong men — earnest men — men who do their work as well 
as they can, whatever their work may be — whether driving 
locomotives over trackless prairies or sailing ships through 
uncharted seas — whether making laws as legislators or con- 
struing them as judges — whether bringing babies into the 
world or ushering murderers out of it — whether making books 
or making bricks — whether as ghostly counselors showing 
men the way to heaven, or on bloody battlefields showing 
them the way to hell. 

At a recent meeting of the Hartford Business Men's Asso- 
The Lash ciation, Simeon E. Baldwin, of the Con- 

ror the necticut supreme court, advocated the use of 

Be " tb - corporal punishment for certain classes of 

crime. He has long been an advocate of this remedy, and 
two years ago he delivered an address on the same subject 
before a convention of the police judges of Connecticut. He 
declared that judges and lawyers in that State had long been 
in favor of the revival, and expressed satisfaction that the 
business men were now beginning to_ consider it. There 
is a certain class of people who, inspired by sentimental 
motives, oppose this form of punishment. They argue that 
it not only hardens the criminal, and confirms him in his 
course, through a feeling of resentment, but that it brutalizes 
the people, who become accustomed to the wanton infliction of 
pain. As to the second point, Judge Baldwin would avoid 
any evil result by having the punishment inflicted in private 
instead of in public. As to the first, there is little danger of 
brutalizing a brute, and there are some natures that can be 
restrained by nothing short of a fear of physical pain. 
Juvenile offenders become graduates in crime when confined 

January 14, icjor. 


even for a brief period with hardened offenders. They look 
upon such people with admiration instead of loathing, and 
are eager to learn from them. Wife-beaters are amenable to 
no argument but the lash. Footpads, and those who com- 
mit crimes of violence upon the person of others, should be 
treated to the same medicine. In Delaware the whipping- 
post has been retained as a mode of punishment for these 
offenses. The result has been most salutary. No State 
is freer from rogues. In Maryland the number of wife- 
beaters fell in one year from one hundred and forty cases to 
seventy, as a result of the introduction of the whipping-post 
for this class of crimes. These facts deserve consideration. 

A note of encouragement for the project of a Nicaraguan 

Canal under United States construction and 
Gossip of * 

the Great control, emanates from Russia, where the 

Canal. press nearest to official sentiment applauds 

our course in amending the Hay-Pauncefote treaty, in super- 
seding the Clayton-Bulwer compact, and in maintaining in- 
tact the vital feature of the Monroe Doctrine. Changing 
conditions, it points out, must change treaties, as Russia 
demonstrated when, in 1S70, she declared her intention to 
be no longer bound by her promise to maintain vessels of 
war in the Black Sea. 

The enterprise has, however, no prospect of clear sailing 
yet in view. It is too late to expect Congress to accomplish 
anything definite in the present session. The Hay- 
Pauncefote treaty has yet to run the gauntlet of British 
opinion, which is reported to be adverse to the amended 
convention. It might even be considered a bargain which, 
in the interest of free commerce, might imply that England 
should evacuate the stronghold of Gibraltar by which she 
controls the entrance to the Mediterranean, and, incidentally, 
to the Suez Canal. 

Besides foes at home, the canal's progress is liable to be 
fraught with obstacles in the isthmus. According to a 
recent visitor to Central America, both Nicaragua and Costa 
Rica are preparing to oppose insistence on the part of the 
United States of a right to fortify the canal and give ex- 
clusive privileges to vessels of this country. They want the 
water-way opened on equal terms to the shipping of the 
world, and may demand besides an important share in its 
control. To part with the important concession without 
control or indemnity might easily breed revolution in coun- 
tries so prone to political upheavals. 

Private indemnities may also cut an important figure. It 
is said that the flat lands on the Costa Rica side, which 
would be inundated by the great dam across the San Juan, ' 
have been bought up on speculation, with the purpose of I 
demanding a large indemnity from the United States for I 
flooding the land. 

At the present moment, after all our agitation, all our fig- 
uring of distance-saving, and all our expensive perennial 1 
commissions, we seem to be little nearer the consummation 
of the great venture than we were years ago. At the very 
best, with treaties to re-arrange, transcontinental railroads to 
fight, petty republics to harmonize, private demands to 
appease, and seven years to allow for construction, it may 
easily be well along in the new century before ships pass 
from Greytown to Brito, cutting off 10,700 miles of water 
travel between New York and San Francisco. 

Upon the face of the returns there is something encouraging 
.... in the fact that last year there were but 2^4. 

Last il.i?.s * J ^ 

Harvest killings in the name of justice throughout 

the United States, while the year before the 
number was 246. The cause for encouragement is merely 
superficial, however. There was an increase in the actual 
number of crimes of violence, proving that a greater per- 
centage of the criminals escaped punishment, and, further, 
the number of legal executions — 1 19 — showed a decrease of 
twenty, while the lynchings numbered 115 as against 107. 
It is disquieting to observe that only four less than one-half 
of those who were killed as punishment for crime were killed 
illegally, and this fact expresses a similar spirit of lawless- 
ness to that which inspired the original crimes. Of the 
total number of legal executions during the year, eighty were 
in the Southern States and thirty-nine were in the North. 
This might indicate a greater degree of lawlessness in the 
Southern section or a superior efficiency of the law. Of 
those executed, sixty were negroes and fifty-eight whites — an 
unfavorable showing for the black race when the disparity in 
the proportions of the total population is considered. 
Among the Southern States, Texas with eighteen and 
Georgia with fourteen lead the list. Pennsylvania with 
fifteen and California with six attain this bad eminence 
among the Northern States. The great majority were pun- 
ished for murder, and for the first time in many years all 
the victims were males. 

Among the lynchings, which numbered 115, the Southern 
States have maintained their lead. The South has been the 
sv»ne of 108 out of the total number. All but S of those 

lynched were negroes — a fact that emphasizes the acuteness 
of the race problem. The most frequent crimes alleged in 
the case of the negro victims are murder and criminal 
assault. Louisiana and Mississippi, among the Southern 
States, lead in the number of lynchings, while the remainder 
are divided among six other States. The three Northern 
States are : Indiana, 3 ; Colorado, 3 ; and Kansas, 2. In 
Indiana 3 were colored men, and in Colorado there were 2. 
The circumstances attending the lynchings in Northern 
States, particularly in one case in Colorado, reach such a de- 
gree of brutality as to silence any adverse criticism of the 
South. For those who have regarded the progress of this 
country in civilization and respect for the law with com- 
placency, the fact that during the last sixteen years 2,583 
persons have met death in the name of justice, but without 
any of the forms of justice, should give cause for thought. 

These have been the unwilling deaths ; the record of the 
willing deaths — the suicides — is equally disquieting. The 
number has increased and the percentage of increase has 
been most marked in the large cities. In the last thirty 
years the number of suicides in fourteen large cities was 
28,563. The ratio has increased from S7 per million in 
1870 to 205 per million in 189S. The total number of 
suicides throughout the country last year was 6,755, an 
average of 88 per million ; twenty years ago the propor- 
tion was less than one-half of this, or 42 per million. 
This is far in excess of the increase of population, and is 
undoubtedly one of the results of the nervous striving of 
modern life. 

This is the season of afternoon teas, a form of entertain- 
G inihg the oient which every one gives and every one 
Ear of an abuses. Yet the social entertainments of 

Afternoon- Tea. g an Francisco seem to be slowly resolving 
themselves into weak tea — or teas — for even the compara- 
tively mild form of dissipation known as the afternoon 
tea is being diluted and divided into a number of separate 
afternoons. Thus the number of guests is spread out thin, 
like nursery bread and butter — "attenuated," as the homce- 
opathists would say — and the teas are made more tepid, if 
not the tea. 

Whether this be an unmixed evil or no, only hardened 
tea-goers can telL Even those addicted to tea-going do, at 
times, we are told, bemoan their fatal habit, bewail their un- 
happy lot. They depict with tea-ful and tearful eloquence — 
their eyes swimming with tears, their systems swimming 
with tea — the sorrows of the tea-goer ; the gallons of tea 
they are obliged to imbibe ; the deadly cakes and indigest- 
ible sandwiches which they consume ; the ruin of their din- 
ners, and the withering scorn of non-tea-going husbands at 
the aforesaid dinners ; the wrecking of their nerves, not 
only by tannate of tea, but by the clatter of tea-things, and 
the clang and clash of tongues and babel of contending 
feminine voices. For it seems to be an unwritten law at 
teas that all the tea-goers shall talk in different keys, talk at 
the tops of their voices, and talk at the same time. 

Another grievance of the habitual tea-goer is that the 
other tea-goers never listen to what she has to say. The 
emotions of a mere man at one of these peculiar functions, 
when interrupted in the middle of a sentence — as he con- 
tinually is — are not unlike the feeling experienced when one 
is suddenly switched off while talking through a telephone. 
A chronic tea-goer — we will call her Mrs. Tannin — irritated 
at this feminine fashion of heedlessness at teas, determined 
last week to make the other tea-goers pay attention to what 
she said. She secretly vowed that they should not only 
hear but listen to her. She carefully memorized a striking 
sentence, of which her conversation should consist entirely. 
When she went to a tea that afternoon she tried it on her 
hostess, who thus saluted her : 

"Why, Mrs. Tannin, how do you do? It is ages since I 
have seen you ! " 

"Yes," replied Mrs. Tannin, " I'm so glad to see you. 
How well you are looking. I kilted my husband this morn- 
ing and his body is now " 

But the hostess did not hear. She was gazing toward the 
door with a far-away look, and repeating measuredly and 
mechanically : 

" Thanks very much. So good of you to come. Don't 
mention it. Are you really ? Not at all. Thanks awfully. 
How very nice." 

The murderess moved on. With the next acquaint- 
ance whom she met Mrs. Tannin only got as far as " / killed 

my husband this morn " At that moment the look of 

intelligence slowly faded out of her friend's eyes, and Mrs. 
Tannin saw that she was not listening. The murderess re- 
cited her dreadful tale to half a score of ladies, all of whom 
received it with beaming smiles, with frank hand-clasps — 
yet each of them had the same strange, far-away look as 
they gazed over the murderess's shoulder at the new- 

Suddenly all the heads in the room pointed in a certain 
direction, and there was a perceptible lull in the shrieks, 

screams, and giggles which make up conversation at after- 
noon tea- 
It was A Man. 

A lane was formed, and up the lane walked The Man. 
He bent respectfully over his hostess's hand. He turned 
from her, and caught the eye of the murderess. Another 
lane was formed, and down the lane walked The Man. He 
took Mrs. Tannin's hand and greeted her warmly. The 
presence of The Man had caused a lull in the torrent of 
talk. But her dreadful vow hung over her. Looking at 
him, she repeated mechanically her shibboleth : 

" Why, how do you do, Mr. Blank. So glad to see you. 
/ killed my husband this morning, and his body is now lying 
in the bath-room, bathed in gore" 

A chorus of screams broke forth from the listening 
ladies — screams of astonishment, of consternation, and of 
horror. True, the presence of A Man had been necessary 
to bring it about, but Mrs. Tannin had gained the ear of 
an afternoon tea. 

The movement toward the consolidation of tfie various 
Common-wealth colonies of Australia into one federation 
of Australia found its consummation on the first day of 
Inaugurated. tfae yearj when ^ £arl of Hopetoun was 

sworn in as the first governor-general of the federated Aus- 
tralian colonies at Sydney amid general enthusiasm. The 
completion of the movement has been delayed because of 
the mutual jealousies and conflicting policies of the colonies, 
but finally general consent was obtained. The outcome was 
inevitable, in view of the universal tendency toward govern- 
mental concentration that has asserted itself throughout the 
world during the latter half of the century just closed, 
though there was a question whether it would have been 
accomplished as soon as it was. This is unquestionably but 
a step in the movement toward a federation of the British 
possessions throughout the world that will place international 
affairs in the hands of a federal parliament, in which the 
colonial representatives will have a voice as well as the rep- 
resentatives of the home .country, though the completion of 
this larger movement may be long delayed. The war in 
South Africa, in which the colonies took an active part, may 
have increased the enthusiasm of the people of Australia, as 
displayed at the inauguration, and, on the other side, this 
enthusiasm may go far toward reconciling the burghers of 
South Africa to the changed condition of their political 
affairs. This consideration also undoubtedly influenced the 
queen and the ministry in sending their cordial messages of 
congratulation. The event is significant of the new influ- 
ences that are asserting themselves at the present time. 
The latter half of the nineteenth century was marked by the 
development of individual nationality and commercialism ; 
the twentieth century promises to see a more world-wide 
unity of interests. 

Last week the American, the first of the fleet of the 
New Steamer American - Hawaiian Steamship Company, 
arrived in port. Thus, with the beginning 
of the new year, is inaugurated an enterprise 
that means much for the commerce of this city. The 
steamers are to be run between New York, San Francisco, 
and Honolulu, and are modern in every respect. This en- 
terprise is not only an evidence of the increasing importance 
of this port on account of the growth of the Pacific Ocean 
commerce, but it marks and emphasizes the passing of the 
sailing vessel. Some years ago the merchants of this city, 
in order to create competition with the railroad company, 
established a line of clipper ships to carry freight between 
San Francisco and New York. The enterprise was not a 
success, and it was soon abandoned. To-day there are no 
sailing vessels plying between the two ports. The same 
movement has been going on in Eastern ports, until now 
there are comparatively no sailing vessels in the Atlantic 
trade. It is a natural incident of the evolution of commerce. 
The sailing vessel is too slow and too uncertain to compete 
with the steamer. Its use means a loss in interest on in- 
vestments and a loss on insurance. The run of more than 
fourteen thousand miles was made by the American in sixty 
days, actual sailing time, while sailing vessels often consume 
double that amount of time in making the trip. Though 
the American is the first to go on the line, the Californian, 
a sister vessel, has already been on the coast, and is now re- 
turning from Manila. The fleet of the company will also 
include the Arizonan and the Alaskan, which are to be 
built by the Union Iron Works. The inauguration of the 
enterprise is an event upon which the people of this city may 
well congratulate themselves. 

m • ^ 

Ex-United States Senator James W. Bradbury died at 
his home in Augusta, Me., on January 6th, aged ninety- 
eight years. Bradbury was the oldest living ex-senator. 
He was bom in Parsonfield, Me., and was graduated from 
Bowdoin College in the famous class of 1825. Among the 
members were H enry W. Longfellow, Josiah S. Little, 
Horatio Bridge, Jonathan Cilley, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Tohn 
S. C. Abbott, and George B. Cheever. 

Line to 
N"ew York 


January 14, 1901. 


A Tragic Story of Magnolia Island in the Black Swamp. 

My first knowledge of the singular being called " Du 
Chien, the Man-Dog," began when we were on duty down in 
the Peche" country, a short time after General Taylor's cele- 
brated " Run on the Banks," in the vicinity of Mansfield. 
The cavalry had really very little to do except " to feed " and 
await orders. As a result of this idleness many of the offi- 
cers and men formed pleasant acquaintances with the hospit- 
able planters in whose neighborhood we were located. 

One of the planters whom I found to be most congenial 
was Captain Martas, a French Creole, whose father had come 
from Languedoc. He was himself native-born. He was a 
man of forty-eight or fifty years of age, and had two sons 
by his first marriage, who were in the army of Virginia, and 
a boy two years of age, by his second wife, who was a young 
and beautiful lady. The housekeeper was a mulatto girl, 
who was in every physical development almost a perfect be- 
ing — even her small hands looking like consummate wax- 
work. She had been taught, petted, and indulged as much, 
perhaps, or more than any slave should have been, especially 
by Captain Martas, who uniformly spoke to her more in the 
tone of a father addressing his daughter, than in that of a 
master commanding a slave. She was always gentle and 
obedient. The family seemed to prize her very greatly, and 
the little boy especially preferred her to his own beautiful 

The family was so attractive that I visited it often ; but 
one evening, on my arrival at the house, I found that its 
peace and quiet had been disturbed by one of those painful 
occurrences which so often marred the happiness of South- 
ern families, and which really constituted the curse of " the 
peculiar institution." 

The day before, the beautiful and accomplished wife of 
Captain Martas had, for some unexplained reason, got into 
a frenzy of rage with Celia, the mulattress, and had ordered 
the overseer to give her a severe whipping. The girl had 
run off into the Black Swamp during the night, and Captain 
Martas, who imparted this information to me, was in a state 
of terrible distress by reason of her absence. He did not 
seem to understand the cause of the trouble, but he could 
not justify his slave without condemning his wife, whom he 
seemed to regard with a most tender and dutiful devotion. 
The only emotion which seemed to master him was a heart- 
breaking and hopeless grief. I volunteered to hunt for the 
runaway, and while asking for such information as I thought 
to be necessary about the neighboring plantations.- and of 
the almost boundless and impracticable wilderness Known 
as the Black Swamp, I saw Celia slowly and quietly coming 
up the broad walk which led from the portico to the big gate. 
She carried in her hand a branch of the magnolia- tree, 
from which depended a splendid blossom of that most glo- 
rious of all flowers. She bowed slightly as she came near 
the portico, and, passing around the corner of the house, 
entered it by a side door. Mrs. Martas was most passion- 
ately devoted to the magnolia, and, from her exclama- 
tions of delight, which were soon heard in the hall, we knew 
that Celia had brought the beautiful flower as a peace- 
offering to her mistress, and that it had been accepted as 
such. Very soon the two women came nearer, and from our 
seats on the veranda we could hear their conversation. A 
terrible weight seemed to have been lifted from the heart of 
Captain Martas by the girl's return, and by the apparent re- 
newal of friendly relations between his beautiful wife and his 
even more beautiful slave — a relief which showed itself in 
his face and form, but not in his speech. 

" Yes," said Celia to Mrs. Martas, " it is an old, wide- 
spreading tree on the very edge of the water, and is glorious 
with just such splendid blossoms as these. There must be 
more than three hundred clusters, some that I could not 
reach being much larger and finer than this one." 

11 And you say," answered Mrs. Martas, " that the air is 
still, and that the perfume broods all around the tree ? Oh, 
how sweet ! " 

" Yes," said Celia, " it is so strong that you can taste as 
well as smell the wonderful perfume. Few people could 
bear to stand immediately beneath the shade ; it is so sweet 
as to be almost overpowering." 

" Oh, how I wish I could see it ! How far is it, Celia ? " 
11 Only four miles. You can go. It is deep in the 
swamp ; but the pony can follow the ridge all the way. You 
can go, and get home before dusk. I would like you to see 
it before a rain makes the road too bad, or the winds come 
and scatter the delicious perfume that now hangs as heavy 
as dew all around the glorious tree for yards and yards 

" I will go ! " she cried. " Tell Toby to bring out Selim, 
and you can take a horse. Let us go at once. It is getting 

" I would rather walk," said Celia, " so as to be sure that 
I will not miss the route in going back, although 1 watched 
so carefully that I know I can find it on foot." 

Very soon a boy led up Mrs. Martas's pony, and she went 
out to the steps and mounted, followed by Celia on foot. 
The girl held the stirrup for her mistress, and as she did so 
looked back at Captain Martas with eyes in which shone 
strange love, pity, and tenderness ; but the voice of her mis- 
tress called her away, and, even in turning her black and 
lustrous eyes toward Captain Martas, their expression totally 
changed, and showed for a fleeting instant the murderous 
glitter that gleamed from the eyes of a panther when ready 
for a fatal spring. 

I was startled and troubled, and half moved forward to 
tell the lady not to go ; but a moment's reflection showed 
me how foolish such an unnecessary and silly interference 
would seem. A strange mistrust flitted across my mind, 
but there was nothing on which to base it. I could not give 
a rftas m for it, except to say that I had seen the light of a 
<-lad\ .tor's eye, the twitcli and spasm of an assassin's lip, in 
the e -' and mouth of that now smiling and dutiful young 

slave girl. The thing was too foolish to think of, and I 
held my peace. 

The women passed out of the gate, and went on quietly 
in the direction of the Black Swamp. Martas and I re- 
sumed our conversation. Hour after hour passed away, and 
the sun grew large and low in the west ; still Mrs. Martas 
did not return. The sun was setting — set; but she had not 
come. Then Captain Martas called Toby and had him 
ride to the edge of the wood, and see if he could learn any- 
thing of his mistress ; but Toby soon came back, saying 
that he saw nothing except the pony's tracks leading into 
the swamp, and the pony himself leisurely coming home 
without a rider. Then Captain Martas mounted, and I fol- 
lowed him. He took the plantation conch-shell, and we 
rode on into the dark forest as long as we could trace any 
footsteps of the pony, or find any open way, and again and 
again Captain Martas blew resonant blasts upon his shell 
that rolled far away over the swamp, seeking to apprise his 
wife that we were there, and waiting for her ; but nothing 
came of it. 

"They could hear the shell," he said, "upon a still night 
like this three or four miles," and it seemed to him impossi- 
ble that they could have gone beyond the reach of the 
sound. But no answer came, and the moonless night came 
down over the great Black Swamp, and the darkness grew 
almost visible, so thoroughly did it shut off all vision, like a 
vast black wall. 

Then Martas sent Toby back to the plantation for fire and 
blankets, and more men, and soon a roaring blaze mounted 
skyward, and every few minutes the conch-shell was blown. 
Nothing more could be done. I remained with the now 
sorely troubled husband through the night. At the first 
peep of dawn he had breakfast brought from the plantation, 
and as soon as it became light enough to see in the great 
forest, we searched for and found the pony's track, and we 
carefully followed the traces left in the soft soil. The chase 
led, with marvelous turns and twists, right along the little 
ridge of firmer land which led irregularly on between the 
boundless morasses stretched on either side, trending now 
this way, now that, but always penetrating deeper and 
deeper into the almost unknown bosom of the swamp. The 
pony had followed his own trail in coming out of the swamp, 
and this made it easier for us to trace his way. At last we 
came to the dark, sluggish, sullen water. It was a point of 
solid ground, of less than an acre in extent, a foot or two 
above the water, almost circular in outline, and nearly sur- 
rounded by the lagoon. It was comparatively clear of tim- 
ber, and near the centre rose a grand magnolia-tree, such as 
Celia had described to Mrs. Martas on the evening before. 
At the root of this tree, bathed with the rich, overpowering 
perfume of the wonderful bloom above her, lay the dead 
body of the beautiful woman, her clothes disordered, her 
hair disheveled, a coarse, dirty handkerchief stuffed into her 
mouth, and all the surroundings giving evidence of a de- 
spairing struggle and a desperate crime. Captain Martas 
was overcome with anguish, and after one agonized look 
around, as if to assure himself that Celia was not also some- 
where in sight, he sat down beside the body and gazed upon 
his murdered wife in silent, helpless agony of spirit. 

I desired all the men to remain where they were, except 
Toby, whom I ordered to follow me ; and then, beginning 
at the little ridge of land between the waters by which we 
had reached the circular space before described, we followed 
the edge of the ground completely round to the starting 
point,, «y£.,V-mg in the soft mud along the shore for a footprint, 
or the mark made by a canoe or skiff, for some evidence of 
the route by which the murderer had reached the little penin- 
sula, or by which Celia had left it. 

We found perfect tracks of all animal life existing in the 
swamps, even to the minute lines left by the feet of the 
smallest birds, but no trace of a human foot, although a shail 
could not have passed into or out of the water without leav- 
ing his mark upon the yielding mud, much less a footstep or 
a canoe. 

The thing was inexplicable. Where was Celia? How 
had she gone without leaving a trace of her departure? Had 
she been there at all ? Who had murdered Mrs. Martas ? 
Surely some man or devil had perpetrated that crime. How 
had the villain escaped from the scene of his crime, leaving 
not the slightest clew by which it was possible to tell which 
way he had gone ? 

I reported to Captain Martas the exact condition of the 
affair, and told him I knew not what to do, unless we could 
get bloodhounds and put them on the trail. He said there 
were no hounds within sixty miles ; that all of the planters 
he knew preferred to lose a runaway rather than to follow 
them with the dogs. Rumors of the loss of Mrs. Martas 
had spread from plantation to camp, and two or three sol- 
diers had immediately ridden out to the plantation, and then 
had followed us to the scene of the crime. One of them 
said : 

" If there are no hounds, send to camp for old Du Chien. 
He is better than any dog." 

The remark was so singular that I asked : 

II What do you mean by saying ' He is better than any 

" I mean that he can follow the trail by the scent better 
than any hound I ever saw, and I have seen hundreds of 

" Is that a mere camp story," said I, " or do you know it 
of your own knowledge ? " 

" I know it myself, sir," said the soldier. " I have seen 
him smell a man or his clothes, and then go blindfold into a 
whole regiment and pick out that man by his scent. I have 
seen him pull a lock of wool off a sheep, smell it good, and 
then go blindfold into the pen and pick out that identical 
sheep from fifty others. I have known him to smell the 
blanket a nigger slept in, and follow that darky four or five 
miles by the scent of him through cotton, corn, and woods. 
He is better than a dog." 

The man looked to be honest and intelligent, and while 
I could hardly credit such an astounding and abnormal de- 
velopment of the nasal power in a human being, there was 

nothing else to do ; so I told him to take my horse and his 
own, ride as quickly as possible to camp, and bring old Du 
Chien with him. 

Then we made a litter, and slowly and reverently we bore 
the corpse of the murdered lady along the difficult road 
until we reached a point to which it was possible to bring a 
carriage, in which we placed her in charge of the horrified 
neighbors, who had by this time collected at the plantation. 
Captain Martas insisted on remaining with me and await- 
ing the coming of Du Chien. 

More than two hours elapsed before the soldier whom I 
had sent for Du Chien, the Man-Dog, returned with that 
strange creature. He surely deserved his name. He must 
have been six feet high, but was so lank, loose, flabby, and 
jumbled-up that it was hard to even guess at his stature. 
His legs were long and lank, and his hands hung down to 
his knees. A bristly shock of red hair grew nearly down 
to his eyebrows, and his head slanted back to a point, sugar- 
loaf fashion. His chin seemed to have slid back into his 
lank, flabby neck, and his face looked as if it stopped at the 
round, red, slobbering mouth. His nose was not remark- 
ably large, but the sloping away of all the facial lines from 
it, as from a central point, gave his nasal organ an expres- 
sion of peculiar prominence and significance. When he 
walked, every bone and muscle about him drooped forward^ 
as if he were about to fall face foremost, and travel with his 
hands and feet. 

Briefly I explained what had happened, and thereupon 
Du Chien, who seemed to be a man of few words, said : 

" Stay where you are, all of you, for a minute." Then he 
started off at his singular dog-trot pace, and followed the 
edge of the water all the way around, just as I had done, 
lightly but with wonderful celerity. Then he came back to 
us, looking much puzzled. I handed him the coarse, dirty 
handkerchief which I had taken from the dead woman's 
mouth, and Du Chien immediately buried that wonderful 
nose of his in it, and snuffed at it long and vigorously. 
Having apparently satisfied himself, he removed the dirty 
rag from his face, and said : 
" Nigger." 

" No," said I, thinking of Celia, and looking Du Chien in 
his little, round, deep-set eyes ; " a mulatto." 

" No," he answered, with quiet assurance ; " not mulatto ; 
nigger ; black, wool-headed, and old — a buck nigger." 
" What can you do ? " said I. 

" Wait a minute," said Du Chien. Then he started off 
again to make the circuit of the peninsula, but more slowly 
and deliberately than at first. He threw his head from side 
to side, like a hound, and smelled at every tree and shrub. 
He had got about half way around when he reached a 
mighty tree that grew on the edge of the swamp, leaning 
out over the water where it was narrowest and deepest, and 
seemed to mingle its branches with the branches of another 
tree of a similar gigantic growth that grew upon the other 
side. He walked up to this tree, saying : " Nigger went up 
here ! " and at once began to climb. The inclination of the 
great trunk and the lowness of the branches made the task 
an easy one. Almost instantly Captain Martas, I, and two 
or three soldiers followed Du Chien up the tree. Du Chien 
had gone up some thirty feet into the dense foliage, when all 
at once he left the body of the tree, and began to slide along 
a great limb that extended out over the water, holding to the 
branches around and above him until he got into the lateral 
branches of the tree on the opposite side, and thence to the 
trunk of that tree, down which he glided, and stood upon 
the opposite bank waiting for us to follow. We did so as 
speedily as possible, and, as soon as we were safely landed 
by his side, Du Chien said : " Single file, all ! " and started 
off, smelling the trees and bushes as he went. 

The spot at which we had descended seemed to be a hum- 
mock similar to that on the other side, but less regular in its 
outline; and soon the way" by which Du Chien led us be- 
came more and more difficult and impassable. Often it 
seemed that the next step would take us right into the dark 
and sluggish water, but Du Chien, almost without pausing 
at all, would smell at the leaves and branches and hurry on, 
now planting his foot upon a clod just rising out of the 
water, now stepping upon a fallen and half-rotted log, now 
treading a fringe of more solid ground skirting the dreary 
lagoon, but going every moment deeper and deeper into the 
most pathless and inaccessible portions of the swamp. 

For nearly two hours this strange man followed the trail, 
and we followed him. At last we came to a considerable 
elevation of ground under which opened a little V-shaped 
valley made by the water of a branch which drained the high 
land into the swamp. This valley was rather more than two 
acres in extent, and seemed to be a clearing. But there was 
a thick-set growth of sweet gum, holly, and magnolia across 
the opening toward the swamp, beyond which we could not 

With quickened steps, and with many of the same signs 
of excitement manifested by a hound when the trail grows 
hot, Du Chien followed along this hedge-like line of under- 
brush, and at its farther end stopped. There, within three 
feet of where the steep bank ran into the water, which 
seemed to be of great depth, was an opening in the hedge. 
He slipped cautiously through it, and we followed him in 
silence. It was a little garden in the heart of the swamp, 
lying between the hills and the water. At the apex of the 
V-shaped valley was a miserable cabin with some fruit-trees 
growing round it. We gazed upon the scene with profound 

"Do you know anything of this place, Captain Martas?" 
said I, in a low tone. 

" No," said he ; " several years ago, one of my field- 
hands, a gigantic Abyssinian, was whipped and ran away, to 
the swamp ; I never followed him, and have never seen him 
since, although every now and then I heard of him by the 
report of the negroes on the plantation ; I suppose he has 
been living somewhere in the swamp ever since, and. unless 
this is his home, I can not imagine .how such a place cam' 
to be here." 

" The nigger is there," said Du Chien. " If there an a 

January 14, 1901. 


dozen of them I can tell the right one by the smell," and 
again he put the old hankerchief to his nose. 

" If it is old Todo," said Captain Martas, " he is a 
powerful and desperate man, and we had better be cautious." 

We formed a line, and slowly and cautiously approached. 
We had got within ten or twelve feet of his door when we 
saw a gigantic, half-clad negro spring from the floor, gaze 
out at us an instant with fierce, startled eyes, and then, with 
a yell like that of some wild beast roused up in its lair, he 
seized an axe which stood just at the door, and, whirling it 
around his head with savage fury, darted straight at Captain 
Martas. It seemed to me that the huge, black form was 
actually in the air, springing toward the object of its hatred 
and fear, when one of the soldiers sent a ball from his re- 
volver crushing through Todo's skull. With a savage, 
beastly cry, the huge black fell headlong to the earth. 

" It is a pity," said Martas ; " I wished to burn the black 
devil alive." 

At that instant Du Chien cried out : " Look there ! " 
And extending his arm toward the top of the ridge, he 
started off at full speed. We all looked up, and saw Celia 
flying for dear life toward the crest of the high ground be- 
hind the cabin, and we joined in the chase. It was perhaps 
forty yards up the slope to the highest part, and about the 
same distance down the other side to the water's edge. Just 
as we got to the crest, Celia, who had already reached the 
water's edge, leaped lightly into a small canoe, and began 
to ply the paddle vigorously, and with a stroke or two sent 
the frail bark gliding swiftly away from the shore, while she 
looked back at us with a wicked smile. In a moment more 
she would be beyond our reach, and the soldier who had 
shot Todo leveled his fatal revolver at her head. But 
Captain Martas knocked the weapon up, saying, in a voice 
choked with emotion, " No, no ! let the girl go ! She is 
my daughter." 

Swiftly and silently the slight canoe swept over the dark 
waters of the great, Black Swamp, now hidden in the shadow, 
now a moment glancing through some little patch of sun- 
light, always receding farther and farther, seen less often, 
seen less distinctly every moment, and then seen no more. 

Nathan C. Kouns. 


What shall we say to the Dying Year ? 

Beg him to linger, or bid him go ? 

The light in his eyes burns dim and low, 

His fingers are clammy, his pulse beats slow, 
He wanders and mumbles, but doth not hear. 
The lanes are sodden, the leaf-drifts sear, 

And the wrack is weaving their shroud of white. 

Do you not see he is weary quite 

Of the languor of living and longs for night ? 
Vex him no more, but lay him down 
In the snug warm earth, 'neath the clods of brown 

And the buds of the winter aconite. 

What shall we do with the by-gone Year ? 

Cover with cypress, or crown with bay ? 

He will not know what you sing or say, 

He is deaf to to-morrow as yesterday. 
To him are all one the smile or tear ; 
He is risen, or fallen, he is not here. 

We can go on our way, we may live and laugh. 

Round the banquet of life may feast and quaff. 

The purple catafalque, pompous staff, 
The deepest dirges, the noblest lays, 
And the mightiest monument man can raise, 

Are only the Spirits' cenotaph. 

Dust under dust, he is dead, but He 

Was the last of the centuried years that flow, 
We know not whither, we never shall know, 
With the tide unreturning of Time, and go 

To the phantom shore of Eternity. 

Shadows to Shadows, they flit and flee 
Away from the face of the flaring sun, 
Vague generations, seen by none. 
That never are ended, never begun. 

Where is the dome of the vault so vast 

As to prison the shades of the perished Past, 
Save the limitless tomb of Oblivion ? 

Let the dead consort with the dead, and ask 

How we shall greet the new-born year. 

She is coming, is coming, and lo ! is here, 

With forehead and footstep that know not fear. 
She will shrink from no pleasure, will shirk no task. 
But there never was mocking veil or mask 

Like her fair frank face and her candid soul. 

Do you fathom her thoughts, can you guess her goal, 

Her waywardness curb or her fate control ? 
She will go her way, and that way not ours. 
So greet her with song and snow-white flowers, 

And crown her with Hope's own aureole. 

Yet mind her dawn of the dark, for She, 

She too must pass through the lychgate porch, 
And give to her keeping the sacred Torch. 
That oft may flicker, and sometimes scorch, 

But brightens and bums eternally 

The beacon on land, and the light on sea, 
Let the mist be ever so deep and dense, 
The Soul's own lamp through the shades of sense, 
To show us Whither, remind us Whence. 

She must tread the Unknown the dead years trod ; 

If trackless and rugged, the goal is God, 
And the will of all-wise Omnipotence. 

— Alfred Austin in the Independent. 

At the beginning of the new century it is interesting to 
note that Los Angeles boasts of a resident who has lived in 
three centuries, and witnessed the birth of two, and still en- 
joys all her faculties practically unimpaired. Mrs. Mary 
Smith, mother of Judge B. N. Smith, of the Los Angeles 
County Superior Court, was born in 1795, and if she sur- 
vives until her next birthday, September 22, 1901, will have 
reached the remarkable age of one hundred and six years. 

There are about eight thousand libraries scattered over 
the United States, including one at Tampa, with books in 
the Spanish language, endowed by Queen Christina of Spain. 

■ Among the war-correspor.dents at the front in South 
the casualties were about thirty-three per cent. Seven 
weit killed and a like number died from disease. 


Andre Charpentier's Music-Drama, That Pictures the Allurements 

of the Great City with Freshness and Force— An American 

Girl's Success— Delna's Wonderful Voice. 

Despite the fact that there have been several premieres 
lately, nothing in any way remarkable has risen upon the 
theatrical horizon. Rejane's new play, lt Sylvia, on la 
Curieuse d' Amour," is not a success. The general opinion 
is that Rejane is good and everything else is bad. Mounet- 
Sully is playing "Hernani" at the Theatre Francais, a 
piece which nobody can sit through, and Mile. Bartet is 
alternating " Denise " with "Adrienne Lecouvreur." The 
world of " gay Paree," to whom Jeanne Granier is the star 
of stars, is anxiously waiting for her appearance in the new 
piece which is to succeed " La Dame de chez Maxim," but 
feel dejectedly that it can never repeat the success of that 
frisky comedy. 

The performance which still holds the palm as a drawing 
card, and a piece over which the world talks and wonders, is 
"Louise," at the Opera Comique. "Louise" is the most 
modern of modern operas. It is by Andre Charpentier, a 
musician of the Quartier Montmartre, which now divides 
with the Quartier Latin the honor of being the portion of 
the city most affected by students. Charpentier has made 
Montmartre the scene of his opera, and one of those sordid 
yet dramatic tragedies which take place in these quarters, 
where the morality of bourgeois life and student life come 
into violent collision, its leading motive. He has written 
both music and libretto himself, and the mingling of a 
Wagnerian symbolism in his treatment of the musical side 
and an absolutely undecked realism in his development of 
the dramatic half, makes it one of the most startlingly orig- 
inal productions that Paris has seen for many a day. 

The libretto has the simplicity and piercing truthfulness 
of an actual story. Louise, a work-girl living in Mont- 
martre with her parents, meets and loves a student called 
Julien. Julien asks for her hand in marriage, but her 
parents, a pair of honest but narrow working people, refuse 
him. Louise protests, but they assure her that Julien is a 
disreputable Bohemian, that he is neither steady nor hard- 
working, and that she will forget him in a short while. 
Her home-life is hard and unlovely to a degree, her daily 
routine one of perpetual work, unbrightened by amusement 
I of any sort. The parents, loving her deeply, forget that 
! she is young and has the natural longing of her age for love 
j and light and gayety. One day, goiDg to work, she meets 
Julien, and, after a brief struggle with herself, elopes with 

They take a cottage on the slope of Montmartre and, 
setting aside their original idea of marriage, live in it sur- 
rounded by the gay and jovial life of the students' Bohemia. 
Paris lies stretched at their feet, at night alive with lights that 
make it look like some vast, illuminated theatre, by day send- 
ing up the cries that make music in its streets and that call 
to Louise of the life of pleasure and light that is always 
waiting there. Their joy, however, is short-lived. Louise's 
mother appears one evening and tells them that the father is 
dying and wants to see his only child. Her deviation from 
the right has already developed in the working-girl a side 
that is ugly, almost sinister. She does not want to go, but 
her lover forces her to, making her promise that she will re- 
turn to him. She goes reluctantly, hanging back. 

The last act is again Louise's old home. The father has 
recovered and is now trying by every means in his power to 
exert the influence of old associations and parental love 
over the daughter and draw her back into the life from 
which she has broken. The futility of his effort is pain- 
fully apparent even to him ; but he appeals to his daughter 
by the memory of her old home, of her parents' devotion 
and sell-sacrifice, to stay with them. She is obdurate, hard, 
and unresponsive, repeating with frowning insistence that 
she has promised to go back. The window is open, and be- 
low her she sees the sea of lights that at night is Paris, and 
again hears the cries of its streets ascending and telling her 
of the charm of the life to be found there. The more her 
father prays of her to stay, the more angered and excited 
she becomes. Finally she bursts out, and in frenzied de- 
fiance tells him she cares for nothing but the Bohemia she 
has plunged into and the love she has left. The father, 
maddened by these words, curses her and, seizing a chair, 
attempts to kill her. She runs about the table followed by 
him, and finally, a spectacle of terror, flies out into the 

For a moment he is aghast, and then, realizing what he 
has done, runs after her, crying " Louise, Louise ! " There 
is a pause, no one answers, and he comes back. Looking 
out of the window he sees the sparkling plain of Paris 
stretching below, and always calling, calling from its brilliant 
streets. With a terrible cry he raises his hands in the air, 
and, as the curtain falls, groans : " Oh, Paris ! Paris ! " 

The whole opera, ending with this grim de'nouement, has 
that tragically oppressive power which is so apparent in 
11 1'Pagliacci," "Cavalleria Rusticana," and Francis Powers's 
" First Born," all works of young writers, expressing them- 
selves with an absolutely modern freshness and force. In 
" Louise," however, there is a sort of double thread of mean- 
ing. The piece, with all its every-day significance, is to a 
certain point symbolic. If you look at it from a distance it 
becomes merely an allegorical picture of the power of a 
great city. Paris, not the love-story of Louise and Julien, is 
the pivot of everything. Scenically, Paris is always in the 
background, winking with lights at night, catling all day. 
Against this enormous panorama the figures move, working 
out their fates like puppets of the great city's whims. The 
woman, not the man, is in mysterious accord with it, and in- 
sensibly is drawn, not so much into the arms of her lover, as 
into this terrible maelstrom with its never-resting calls to 
her. The whirlpool sucks in these little straws that at first 
circle curiously round its mouth, then spin hopelessly, seized 
by the current, then quickly and suddenly disappear. 

Musically speaking, the opera is said to be a masterpiece, 
but it would require many hearings to be able to pass judg- 
ment upon it, or even to attempt to follow its complicated, 
voluminous harmonies. The music has in it something 
exciting and yet morose. It is not light and graceful, like 
its predecessors of the young Italian school, but has, un- 
doubtedly, been inspired by the Wagnerian tradition. The 
whole fabric of the opera is built up by an interweaving of 
mingled motifs that can, after numerous hearings, be dis- 
tinguished and followed. The harmonic development of the 
last act is full of a sinister dread, a heart-grasping premo- 
nition, I have never heard more oppressively ominous 
music, except in the first act of " The Valkyrie." One of 
the most effective repetitions in it is that of the recurring 
cries of the^aris streets. The venders of fruits, vegetables, 
and flowers wander by in the distance, calling softly in a dis- 
appointed and supernatural melodious phrase the merits of 
their wares. These cries recur throughout the entire opera, 
always sweet, always distant — the articulate voice of Paris 
calling to its listening victims. 

The part of Louise is now being played by a young 
American girl, Miss Garden. The original, a French- 
woman, was taken ill, and Miss Garden was put on at short 
notice. She was, however, so successful that she has kept 
the part ever since, and has now become identified with it. 
In appearance she absolutely realizes it. She is a pretty, 
young-looking girl, of a figure of that extraordinary slender- 
ness that the French just now admire so intensely. Even 
the most extravagant fancies of the Art Nouveau can not 
conceive anything more lissomely long-limbed and serpen- 
tine than this young woman. The wonder is where in such 
a very small body she can keep such a very big voice, for 
she has a heavy dramatic soprano. As the music is exact- 
ing and wearing, and as she sings with all her voice, extrav- 
agantly and not always intelligently, it is beginning to show 
signs of fatigue, but it is a fine voice, and properly used 
ought to make its mark. 

The greatest woman's voice in Paris just now is Delna's, 
the latest of the French singers. The French have not pro- 
duced any great prima donnas for some time, and now that 
Calve is known to be hopelessly ill with a serious ailment, 
the county Js pinning its hopes upon Delna, whose voice is 
said by many to be the greatest contralto on the stage. I 
went to hear her, a few nights after " Louise." in " Car- 
men," at the Opera Comique, where she has elected to sing 
this year, though last year she was at the Grand Ope"ra. 

I was particularly anxious to hear Delna, as only a few 
days before I had heard a story from a friend who had to a 
certain extent been present at the first announcement of 
her discovery— my friend was staying with people of liter- 
ary and artistic affiliations, and one evening an artist, who 
had been spending the day sketching in the country, burst 
in upon the quietude of the family circle, and, without greet- 
ing or the banalities of small talk, cried breathlessly : " J'ai 
trouve un etoile ! J'ai trouve un etoile !" When he was 
calmed to the talking point, he told them how he bad been 
sketching in the country, and at a road-side auberge had 
heard a woman singing. He had known instantly that the 
voice he heard was an unusual one, and had entered. The 
singer proved to be a powerful peasant-girl of eighteen, 
I servant and relative of the woman who ran the place. 

This was the discovery of Delna. Shortly after, the artist 
! had her taken to Paris to sing before Mme. Laborde. The 
I teacher agreed with him that he had indeed found a star, 
| and made the usual offer of three years' free tuition. The 
1 peasant-girl fulfilled their highest expectations. Her voice 
was immediately recognized as one of the great ones of the 

■ day, and since her debut she has been singing the heaviest 
contralto roles at the Opera and Opera Comique. 

She is now approaching twenty- five years of age, and has 

j the air of being at least ten years older. The peasant stands 

j out all over her. It is inconceivable that a Frenchwoman 

could be so lacking in grace, charm, and taste. I never 

saw so badly dressed and so awkward a Carmen. In the 

last act, where she is killed, I was sitting where I could see 

her feet, and she used them exactly as a person might who 

had on sabots. No one could have been more ungraceful. 

She has the true " singer's figure," with unusual width of 

I shoulders and depth of chest, square waist, small hips, and 

no stomach at all. Her arms and legs are the short, chunky 

■ ones of the laborer, and she has a large head, with a coarsely 
! cut but at the same time arresting and tragic set of features. 

In fact, this is what she is — a tragic muse, all her coarse- 
ness, her awkwardness, her gauc/terie, are forgotten when, 
' transported by moments of dramatic intensity, she lets loose 
her tremendous voice and becomes, as it were, rapt in a sort 
of ominous vision. There was one of these moments in 
" Carmen," when she sees death in the cards. Her face be- 
came transfixed in an expression like a tragic mask, and as 
her voice loomed out the two words " La Mort ! " it was like 
the tolling of a bell of doom. 

Her great part is said to be the contralto in " The Prophet " 
— I forget now what her name is — and in " Orpheus and 
Eurydice." Unfortunately, there are few contralto parts for 
prima donnas, and some of them are so out of date — like 
" La Favorita" — that they are rarely played. Delna's voice, 
with the contralto tone, has the mezzo-soprano range. I 
myself should have called it a mezzo, but a singer to whom 
I was talking the other day told me it has the pure contralto 
tone but ran up into the mezzo range. It is certainly a great 
voice, and has that indescribable charm of sounding per- 
fectly spontaneous and natural. There appears to be an 
unlimited amount of it. From that powerful chest it seems 
to pour out in untiring floods, rich as Tyrian dye, smooth as 
honey dropping from the comb. The woman herself has 
about her a suggestion of a calm consciousness of power. 
She seems to make no effort, but, throwing her shoulders 
back, and lifting her chest with a preliminary breath, she 
opens her mouth and lets those organ-tones come rolling 
forth. Then she lets a cool glance sweep the audience, 
which seems to say, with a sort of careless good-fellowship, 
" Did you ever hear anything to beat that ? " 

Paris, December iu, 1900. Geraldine Bonner. 


January 14, 1901. 


Rivalry of New York Publishers— Visit of Alfred Harmsworth, 

the English Editor— His Ideas in Practical Form— Cutting 

Down Scare-Heads and Wide Pages. 

To create a sensation is the one aim of the yellow news- 
paper ; to arouse curiosity and sell papers are the ends 
desired above all others. The rivalry of the two leading 
exponents in New York of this style of journalism is in- 
tense at all times, and neither could afford to miss the 
opportunity presented by such a momentous event as the 
opening of a new century. The Journals effort was com- 
paratively mild in character. With much trumpeting it 
started up its presses on the stroke of the clock at mid- 
night, and, half a minute after the first year of the cycle 
began, three copies of the regular issue of the freak* poster 
sheet, colored supplement included, were on their way as 
gifts to three eminent citizens of the great republic. Each 
copy was inclosed in a massive silver case, and while the 
first was hurried away to the south and west, by special 
train to Washington, the other two were taken by similar 
conveyance to Albany. The Washington train broke all 
records, arriving in the national capital after a run of four 
hours and fifteen minutes, and the messenger, as soon as 
he was permitted to do so, placed in President Mc- 
Kinley's hands the casket and its peculiar if not valuable 
contents. The journey to the State capital was made with 
equal speed, and Vice-President-EIect Roosevelt and Gov- 
ernor Odell were presented with the white metal boxes con- 
taining the presentation newspapers. These were not par- 
ticularly unique or inspiring achievements, but they served 
as a novel advertisement for the paper. But the scheme 
fell flat as a sensation. 

Much more interest was taken in the World's idea. Mr. 
Pulitzer arrived in New York last Thursday from Europe, 
and on the same steamer came Alfred C. Harmsworth, the 
bright particular star of English newspaper publishers, who 
has had remarkable success in London, revolutionizing in 
the past four years all daily press ideas and methods in that 
city. To enlist the aid of the distinguished visitor was a 
master stroke of policy. Mr. Harmsworth was not averse 
to sharing in the attention to be won. He agreed to take 
charge of the World, with all its machinery, intelligent and 
otherwise, for a single day, and give the American public a 
sample of ideal British newspaper work. It is said that the 
editorial and reporting force of the Pulitzer publication ap- 
peared for duty in full evening-dress, and labored loyally under 
Mr. Harmsworth's direction. As a result, the New- Year's 
edition of the World appeared in unfamiliar shape. The 
paper was thirty-two pages instead of sixteen, and the pages 
were eleven by eighteen inches, four columns to the page. 
Scare-headings of the usual types were not largely in 
evidence, a modification in size and tone being noticeable, 
but the most important change was the condensation of 
news items and the scrappy quality of all articles. Two or 
three cartoons comprised the illustrations. The editorial 
page contained a column of remarks by Mr. Pulitzer and a 
column and a half by Mr. Harmsworth, on twentieth-century 
journalism. Good preliminary advertising stirred up public 
curiosity, and the paper sold about fifty thousand copies 
more than usual. 

It is generally believed that Mr. Harmsworth's ideal paper 
would not satisfy the American demand. As one critic 
phrased it, " Hash, even in the way of news, is not agree- 
able as a steady diet." The size of the paper is not objec- 
tionable, but this departure is not a new one. There are 
many publications of a similar shape at present. The loose 
sheets are not convenient, and advertisers, as a rule, disdain 
the contracted space at their command. It may be admitted 
that this specimen is not altogether an embodiment of Mr. 
Harmsworth's most progressive ideas. The London Daily 
Mail, his greatest success, is an eight-page sheet of medium 
size. He criticises Americau newspapers for their bulk, 
their spread of inartistic pictures, their big-type headings, 
and their amplifying of sensational and criminal news. He 
praises the thought and cleverness of their editorial pages, 
but believes that the opinions so elaborately presented are 
not effective or valuable. He declares that English news- 
papers are more profitable to their publishers than the Amer- 
ican journals. It is his prediction that national journals, 
owned by a powerfully capitalized trust, and issued simul- 
taneously in all the centres of population, will eventually 
overthrow the present system of independent journals here. 
From such papers he anticipates a change for the better, in 
the extinguishing of partisan feeling and the advocacy of 
plans for general good. 

However practicable or impracticable the English pub- 
lisher's ideas may be in this field, his accomplishments in 
London demonstrate that he thoroughly understands his 
business. He is in his thirty-sixth year, and fifteen years 
ago was a reporter working for a small salary. To-day he 
owns thirty distinct publications, including four daily news- 
papers, and has amassed a fortune of not less than twenty 
millions of dollars. The London Daily Mail is said to have 
the largest circulation of any daily paper in the world, and 
certainly has a larger sale than any other in Great Britain. 
Some of his weekly publications have enormous lists of sub- 
scribers, and the Harmsworth Magazine has a monthly cir- 
culation of more than one hundred thousand. His first 
venture in the publishing line was a small weekly, named 
Answers to Correspondents. This title was soon shortened 
to Answers, and a gift enterprise connected with its sale 
after it was launched ran its circulation up to phenomenal 
figures. Four of his brothers, all younger than himself, are 
connected with him in his various enterprises, and the 
Harmsworth concern is magnificently housed and equipped. 
One of the latest enterprises of the originator of this great 
business is a duplicate issue of the Daily Mail in Man- 
chester, the entire contents of the paper being telegraphed 
frorji London to the publication office there. Its success 
was ,.nmediate. 

Although so young, Mr. Harmsworth has found time to 
travel East and West. India, Egypt, and the Continental 
countries have been visited at intervals, and everywhere he 
has studied closely the conditions that affect newspaper 
aims and methods. This is not his first visit to America, 
in fact his first intimate acquaintance with the newspapers 
of this country was during his stay in Florida some years ago. 
He has in view at this time a tour of the Gulf coast, with 
some sport fishing for tarpon, and will not return to England 
till March. Mrs. Harmsworth, who has been his business 
counselor and co-worker from the beginning of his career, 
accompanies him. Every New York daily has printed re- 
ports of interviews with the publisher, and one or two have 
had a column or more concerning Mrs. Harmsworth's 
opinions of newspaper work and other subjects. It may be 
said without prejudice that the latter are justly entitled to 
equal consideration. FLANEUR. 

New York, January 3, 1901. 


Chicago. III., December 74, 1900. 
Editors Argonaut : I beg to inclose herewith my check for the Argonaut. 
There is a little poem entitled, I think, " The Critic and the Owl." I do not 
know the author's name, nor do I know where it is published. If you will 
kindly publish it in the A rgonaut I shall esteem it a great favor. 

Very truly yours, Theodore K. Long. 

The Owl-Critic. 
" Who stuffed that white owl ? " No one spoke in the shop ; 
The barber was busy, and he couldn't stop ; 
The customers, waiting their turns, were all reading 
The Daily, the Herald, the Post, little heeding 
The young man who blurted out such a blunt question ; 
Not one raised a head, or even made a suggestion ; 
And the barber kept on shaving. 

" Don't you see, Mister Brown." 

Cried the youth, with a frown, 
" How wrong the whole thing is, 

How preposterous each wing is, 
How flattened the head is, how jammed down the neck is — 
In short, the whole owl, what an ignorant wreck 'tis ! 

I make no apology ; 

I've learned owl-eology. 
I've passed days and nights in a hundred collections, 
And can not be blinded to any deflections 
Arising from unskilllul fingers that fail 
To stuff a bird right, from his beak to his tail. 

Mister Brown ! Mister Brown ! 

Do take that bird down, 
Or you'll soon be the laughing-stock all over town ! " 
And the barber kept on shaving. 

" I've studied owls. 

And other night fowls, 

And 1 tell you 

What I know to be true : 

An owl can not roost 

With his limbs so unloosed ; 

No owl in this world 

Ever had his claws curled, 

Ever had his legs slanted. 

Ever had his bill canted, 

Ever had his neck screwed 

Into that attitude. 

He can't do it, because 

'Tis against all bird laws. 

Anatomy teaches. 

Ornithology preaches, 

An owl has a toe 

That can't turn out so I 
I've made the white owl my study for years, 
And to see such a job almost moves me to tears! 

Mister Brown, I'm amazed 

You should be so gone crazed 

As to put up a bird 

In that posture absurd ! 
To look at that owl really brings on a dizziness ; 
The man who stuffed him don't half know his business 1 " 
And the barber kept on shaving. 

" Examine those eyes. 
I'm filled with surprise 
Taxidermists should pass 
Off on you such poor glass ; 
So unnatural they seem 
They'd make Audubon scream, 
And John Burroughs laugh 
To encounter such chaff. 
Do take that bird down ; 
Have him stuffed again, Brown ! " 
And the barber kept on shaving. 

" With some sawdust and bark 

I could stuff in the dark 

An owl better than that. 

I could make an old hat 

Look more like an owl 

Than that horrid fowl, 
Stuck up there so stiff like a side of coarse leather. 
In fact, about him there's not one natural feather." 
Just then, with a wink and a sly normal lurch, 
The owl, very gravely, got down from his perch, 
Walked round, and regarded his fault-finding critic 
(Who thought he was stuffed) with a glance analytic, 
And then fairly hooted, as if he should say : 
" Your learning's at fault this time, any way ; 
Don't waste it again on a live bird, I pray. 
I'm an owl ; you're another. Sir Critic, good-day ! " 
And the barber kept on shaving. —James T. Field. 

In speaking of the achievements of the late Philip D. 
Armour, it would be unfair to omit mention of the splendid 
public benefaction, representing an investment of over 
$3,000,000, which he built up on the $100,000 foundation 
which his brother Joseph left behind him as a legacy to 
the people of Chicago when he died. To this, which was 
originally a mission, Philip added in 1 S92 the manual 
training-school known as the Armour Institute. The whole 
is self-supporting and has a clear revenue of $75,000 a 
year, derived from some two hundred beautiful flats built in 
two squares about the building. It is purely unsectarian, 
and is as broad and liberal in its scope as was Armour in 
his own character. This was pretty clearly shown in an in- 
terview in New York on the subject of his gift. "Its re- 
ligion," said he, " will be sixteen ounces to the pound, but 
undenominational, and it makes no difference to me whether 
its converts are baptized in a soup-bowl, a pond, or the 

Out of forty thousand vessels entering Chinese ports every 
year twenty thousand are British. 


Bismarck, the "man of iron," was in his love-letters as 
sentimental as a poet. Among the names he addressed 
to his sweetheart were mon ange, Angela mz'a, my dear 
heart, my better half, my poor sick kitten, sweetest heart, 
Czarna Kotko mila dusso, and similar expressions in half a 
dozen languages. 

President Felix Faure' s daughter, Lucie Faure, who, 
when at the Elysee, went by the pet name of the " Dau- 
phine," is on the point of publishing a work entitled " New- 
man et ses CEuvres," which gives her impressions of the 
English cardinal apart from the historical narrative of the 
Oxford movement by M. Thureau-Dangin. 

The new King of Italy appears to have a vigorous per- 
sonality, and to be making it felt. He has begun with de- 
claring war against the "personal" journalists. These 
gentry have so angered him by their persecutions and the 
publication of private domestic details in the life of himself 
and the queen that he has given orders that no information 
of any kind shall be given to them from the palace. He 
has also forbidden the police to say anything about his 
movements, except when they are a matter of public concern. 

Sir William Lyne, Lord Hopetoun's first selection for the 
premiership of all Australia, was not born to fortune. He 
began life as a squatter in Queensland. He left Tasmania, 
his native colony, in his teens, but went back to it to become 
clerk of a municipal council. Tiring of official life at thirty- 
one, he left Tasmania a second time, and " squatted" again 
on the Murray River in New South Wales, which has been 
his home ever since. He stood for Parliament and won at 
thirty-six, and was soon a minister. Just over a year ago 
he became prime minister. 

Rosa Bonheur's studio in Paris is being rapidly dismantled 
and all her paintings sent to their respective purchasers (says 
V illustration). The celebrated animal-painter, strangely 
enough, never aroused much enthusiasm among her own 
countrymen. She felt this indifference bitterly, and was fre- 
quently heard to remark : " Alas ! my beloved France will 
never shelter the offspring of my brush." Her words were 
prophetic. It is doubtful whether a single canvas of hers 
has found a purchaser in France ; all her best-known works, 
at least, have gone to England and the United States, which 
countries have always been singularly appreciative of her 

The murderer of Baron von Ketteler, the German min- 
ister, was beheaded in Hataman Street, the principal thor- 
oughfare of Pekin, under the supervision of the Germans, 
on December 31st. Two blows were required to sever the 
head, which was subsequently placed in a cage and hung 
over the street. The murderer was a soldier, and at the 
outbreak of the Boxer troubles was stationed in Hataman 
Street, with orders to shoot any foreigner who tried to pass. 
The killing of Baron von Ketteler was done in obedience to 
these orders. It is admitted by foreigners, including Dr. 
Mumm von Schwartzenstein, the present German minister, 
that the man would not have been executed in a European 

Cardinal Richard, the archbishop of Paris, has created a 
great stir by his absence from President Loubel's New 
Year's reception. This, on the heels of the cardinal's recent 
letter of protest against the proposed law to restrain 
Catholic communities in France, indicates how very marked 
has become the strain between the Vatican and the govern- 
ment of the republic. The distinguished prelate of Paris 
belongs to one of the noblest of the families of France, and 
is considered a man of great learning and remarkably strong 
character. He was appointed to the great see of Paris in 
July, 1886, in succession to the late Cardinal Joseph Guil- 
bert, and at the extreme age of eighty-one possesses a mind 
almost as alert and healthy as it was twenty-five years ago. 
He has been of late the most prominent cardinal of Europe 
in affairs affecting civil government in its relations to church 

Paris has for some time past been entertaining a very 
prince of rogues, known to the best Parisian society as Don 
Leon Prince Lafarge de Vitauval. This gorgeous creature, 
not content with receiving honors, hit upon the gracious 
idea of presenting them to others. So he created the 
Order of the Knights of Saint Leon, of which he was 
naturally the grand master. The prince was about to be 
entertained at a banquet at the Grand Hotel by the Knights 
of the Order of Saint Leon when a most disagreeable inci- 
dent occurred. Don Leon Prince Lafarge de Vitauval had 
intimated to a wealthy gentleman that he would be gra- 
ciously pleased to accept the hand of his daughter in mar- 
riage. The gentleman made inquiries, and Don Leon 
Prince Lafarge de Vitauval suddenly dwindled into plain 
Lafarge, who two years ago was little better than a vagrant. 
So the dinner at the Grand Hotel did not come off. 

The conferring of the Order of the Garter on Lord 
Roberts is a far higher honor than his elevation to an earl- 
dom. The Garter is the most ancient and highly prized of 
all the British orders, and the number of persons who can 
hold it is strictly limited by law. The majority of the holders 
consist of reigning sovereigns and members of the English 
royal family. The late Duke of Argyll and the late Duke 
of Westminster were both " K. G's.'\ and it is one of the 
Garters made available by their deaths that has been con- 
ferred on Lord Roberts. The provision that Lord Roberts's 
new peerage is " with remainder" to his daughters, the Hon. 
Aileen Mary Roberts and the Hon. Ada Edwina Stewart 
Roberts, is very rarely made, and is evidently designed to 
mark Queen Victoria's sympathy with Lord Roberts over 
the loss of his only son, Lieutenant the Hon. F. H. S. Rob- 
erts, who was mortally wounded while gallantly attempting 
to the guns at the Tugela River, and died on Decem- 
ber 17, 1899. 

January 14, 1901. 



William Dean Howells's Charming Reminiscences of the Meetiogs 

of the Famous Organization of Old Cambridge— Anecdotes 

of Holmes, Lowell, Agassiz, and Appleton. 

In his personal retrospect of American authorship, which 
he calls " Literary Friends and Acquaintance," William 
Dean Howells gives us a charming account of the many in- 
teresting people he has met during his long career as jour- 
nalist, magazine-writer, foreign representative, editor, poet, 
essayist, and successful novelist. " I wish to make of my 
own personality merely a background which divers impor- 
tant figures are projected against," he modestly says in a 
little note, " and I am willing to sacrifice myself a little in 
giving them relief." The contents are divided into eight 
chapters, several of which have already appeared in the 
magazines, and include " My First Visit to New England," 
" First Impressions of Literary New York," " Roundabout 
to Boston," " Literary Boston as I Knew It," " Oliver Wen- 
dell Holmes," " The White Mr. Longfellow," " Studies of 
Lowell," and " Cambridge Neighbors." 

We shall confine our extracts to the chapter devoted to 
"The White Mr. Longfellow," so named after Bjbrnstjerne 
Bjornson's designation. It abounds in the intimacies of 
personal knowledge of the man and all his works and 
ways, and contains the best account that we have ever had 
of the famous Dante Class to which Longfellow read his 
translation of the "Divina Commedia." 

Mr. Howells met Longfellow during the winter of 1866-7, 
when the poet was revising his translation of the " Paradiso," 
and the Dante Club was the circle of Italianate friends and 
scholars whom he invited to follow him and criticise his work 
from the original, while he read his version aloud : 

Those who were most constantly present were Lowell and Professor 
Norton, but from time to time others came in, and we seldom sat down 
at the nine-o'clock supper that followed the reading of the canto in 
less number than ten or twelve. The criticism, especially from the 
accomplished Danteists I have named, was frank and frequent. I be- 
lieve they neither of them quite agreed with Longfellow as to the form 
of version he had chosen, but waiving that, the question was how per- 
fectly he had done his work upon the given lines. I myself, with what- 
ever right, great or little, I may have to an opinion, believe thoroughly 
in Longfellow's plan. When I read his version, my sense aches for 
the rhyme which he rejected, but my admiration for his fidelity to Dante 
otherwise is immeasurable. I remember with equal admiration the 
subtle and sympathetic scholarship of his critics, who scrutinized every 
shade of meaning in a word or phrase that gave them pause, and did 
not let it pass till all the reasons and facts had been considered. Some- 
times, and even often, Longfellow yielded to their censure, but for the 
most part, when he was of another mind, he held to his mind, and the 
passage had to go as he said. I make a little haste to say that in all 
the meetings of the club, during a whole winter of Wednesday even- 
ings, I myself, though 1 faithfully followed in an Italian Dante with the 
rest, ventured upon one suggestion only. This wa= kindly, even seri- 
ously, considered by the poet, and gently rejected. He could not do 
anything otherwise than gently, and I was not suffered to feel that 1 
had done a presumptuous thing. I can see him now, as he looked up 
from the proof-sheets on the round table before him, and over at me, 
growing consciously smaller and smaller, like something through a 
reversed opera-glass- He had a shaded drop-light in front of him, and 
in its glow his beautiful and benignly noble head had a dignity pecul- 
iar to him. 

When Longfellow read verse, it was with a hollow, with a 
mellow resonant murmur, like the note of some deep- 
throated horn : 

His voice was very lulling in quality, and at the Dante Club it used 
to have early effect with an old scholar who sat in a cavernous arm- 
chair at the corner of the fire, and who drowsed audibly in the soft 
tone and the gentle heat. The poet had a fat terrier who wished 
always to be present at the meetings of the club, and he commonly fell 
asleep at the same moment with that dear old scholar, so that when 
they began to make themselves heard in concert, one could not tell 
which it was that most took our thoughts from the text of the " Para- 
diso." When the duet opened. Longfellow would look up with an 
arch recognition of the fact, and then go gravely on to the end of the 
canto. At the close he would speak to his friend and lead him out to 
supper as if he had not seen or heard anything amiss. 

In that elect company Mr. Howells was silent, partly be- 
cause he was conscious of his youthful inadequacy, and 
partly because he preferred to listen. He adds : 

But Longfellow always behaved as if I were saying a succession of 
edifying and delightful things, and from time to time he addressed 
himself to me, so that I should not feel left out. He did not talk much 
himself, and I recall nothing that he said. But he always spoke both 
wisely and simply, without the least touch of pose, and with no inten- 
tion of effect, but with something that 1 must call quality for want of 
a better word ; so that at a table where Holmes sparkled, and Lowell 
glowed, and Agassiz beamed, he cast the light of a gentle gayety, 
which seemed to dim all those vivider luminaries. While he spoke 
you did not miss Fields's story or Tom Appleton's wit, or even the 
gracious amity of Mr. Norton with his unequaled intuitions. 

The supper was very plain — a cold turkey, which the host 
carved, or a haunch of venison, or some braces of grouse, or 
a platter of quails, with a deep bowl of salad, and the sympa- 
thetic companionship of those elect vintages which Longfellow 
loved, and which he chose with the inspiration of affection : 

We usually began with oysters, and when some one who was ex- 
pected did not come promptly, Longfellow invited us to raid his plate, 
as a just punishment of his delay. One evem'ng Lowell re- 
marked, with the cayenne poised above his blue-points : " It'sastonish- 
ing how fond these fellows are of pepper." The old friend of the cav- 
ernous arm-chair was perhaps not wide enough awake to repress an 
" Ah ? " of deep interest in this fact of natural history, and Lowell was 
provoked to go on : " Yes, I've dropped a red-pepper pod into a barrel 
of them before now, and then taken them out in a solid mass, clinging 
to it like a swarm of bees to their queen." 

" Is it possible ? " cried the old friend ; and then Longfellow inter- 
vened to save him from worse, and turned the talk. 

Mr. Howells regrets that he made no record of the talk, 
although a few fragments have caught in his memory. For 
instance, he says : 

I remember once Dr. Holmes talking of the physician as the true 
seer, whose awful gift it was to behold with the fatal second sight of 
science the shroud gathering to the throat of many a doomed man 
apparently in perfect health, and happy in the promise of unnumbered 
days. The thought may have been suggested by some of the toys of 
superstition which intellectual people like to play with. I never could 
be quite sure at first that Longfellow's brother- in-low, Appleton, was 
seriously a spiritualist, even when he disputed the most strenuously 
with the unbelieving Autocrat. But he really was in earnest about it, 
though he relished a joke at the expense of his doctrine, like some 
clerics when they are in the safe company of other clerics. He told me 
once of having recounted to Agassiz the facts of a very remarkable 
stance, where the souls of the departed outdid themselves in the 
athletics and acrobatics they seem so fond of over there, throwing 
large stones across the room, moving pianos, and lifting dinner-tables 

and setting them a-twirl under the chandelier. " And now," he de- 
manded, "what do you say to that?" "Well, Mr. Appleton," 
Agassiz answered, to Appleton's infinite delight, " I say that it did 
not happen." 

One night they began to speak at the Dante supper of the unhappy 
man whose crime is a red stain in the Cambridge annals, and one and 
another recalled their impressions of Professor Webster. It was pos- 
sible with a retroactive sense that they had all felt something uncanny 
in him, but, apropos of the deep salad-bowl in the centre of the table, 
Longfellow remembered a supper Webster was at, where he lighted 
some chemical in such a dish and held his head over it, with a handker- 
chief noosed about his throat and lifted above it with one hand, while 
his face, in the pale light, took on the livid ghastliness of that of a man 
hanged by the neck. 

The study where the Dante Club met, and where Mr. 
Howells mostly saw Longfellow, is thus described : 

It was a plain, pleasant room, with broad paneling in white-painted 
pine ; in the centre before the fire-place stood his round table, laden 
with books, papers, and proofs ; in the farthest corner by the window 
was a high desk which he sometimes stood at to write. In this room 
Washington held his councils and transacted his business with all 
comers ; in the chamber overhead he slept. I do not think Long- 
fellow associated the place much with him, and I never heard him 
speak of Washington in relation to it except once, when he told me 
with peculiar relish what he called the true version of a pious story con- 
cerning the aid de-camp who blundered in upon him while he knelt in 
prayer. The father of his country rose and rebuked the young man 
severely, and then resumed his devotions. " He rebuked him," said 
Longfellow, lifting his brows and making rings round the pupils of his 
eyes, " by throwing his scabbard at his head." 

Longfellow could never have been a man of the flowing 
ease that makes all comers at home ; some people com- 
plained of a certain gene in him ; and he had a reserve with 
strangers which never quite lost itself in the abandon of 
friendship as Lowell's did. Says Mr. Howells : 

He was the most perfectly modest man I ever saw, ever imagined, 
but he had a gentle dignity which I do not believe any one, the 
coarsest, the obtusest, could trespass upon. In the years when I be- 
gan to know him, his long hair and the beautiful beard which mixed 
with it were of one iron-gray, which I saw blanch to a perfect silver, while 
that pearly tone of his complexion, which Appleton so admired, lost 
itself in the wanness of age and pain. When he walked, he had a 
kind of spring in his gait, as if now and again a buoyant thought lifted 
him from the ground. It was fine to meet him coming down a Cam- 
bridge street ; you felt that the encounter made you a part of literary 
history, and set you apart with him for the moment from the poor and 
mean. When he appeared in Harvard Square, he beatified if not beau- 
tified the ugliest and vulgarest-looking spot on the planet outside of 
New York. You could meet him sometimes at the market, if you 
were of the same provision-man as he; and Longfellow remained as 
constant to his tradespeople as to any other friends. He rather liked 
to bring his proofs back to the printer's himself, and we often found 
ourselves together at the University Press, where the Atlantic Monthly 
used to be printed. But outside of his own house Longfellow seemed to 
want a fit atmosphere, and I love best to think of him in his study, 
where be wrought at his lovely art with a serenity expressed in his 
smooth, regular, and scrupulously perfect handwriting. It was quite 
vertical, and rounded, with a slope neither to the right nor left, and, at 
the time I knew him first, he was fond of using a soft pencil on print- 
ing paper, though he commonly wrote with a quill. Each letter was 
distinct in shape, and between the verses was always the exact space 
of half an inch. I have a good many of his poems written in this 
fashion, but whether they were the first drafts or not I can not say ; 
very likely not. Toward the last he no longer sent his poems to the 
magazines in his own hand, but they were always signed in autograph. 

Mr. Howells asked him if he were not a great deal inter- 
rupted, and he said, with a faint sigh, not more than was 
good for him, he fancied ; if it were not for the interrup- 
tions, he might overwork : 

He was not a friend to stated exercise, I believe, nor fond of walk- 
ing, as Lowell was ; he had not, indeed, the childish associations of 
the younger poet with the Cambridge neighborhoods ; and I never 
saw him walking for pleasure except on the east veranda of his house, 
though I was told he loved walking in his youth. In this and in some 
other things Longfellow was more European than American, more 
Latin than Saxon. He once baid quaintly that one got a great deal of 
exercise in putting on and off one's overcoat and overshoes. 

No one who asked decently at his door was denied access 
to him, and there must have been times when he was over- 
run with volunteer visitors ; but he was never heard to com- 
plain of them : 

He was very charitable in the immediate sort which Christ seems to 
have meant ; but he had his preferences, humorously owned, among 
beggars. He liked the German beggars least, and the Italian beggars 
most, as having most savoir faire ; in fact, we all loved the Italians in 
Cambridge. He was pleased with the accounts I could give him of 
the love and honor I had known for him in Italy, and one day there 
came a letter from an Italian admirer, addressed to "Mr. Greatest 
Poet Longfellow," which he said was the very most amusing super- 
scription be had ever seen. It is known that the King of Italy offered 
Longfellow the cross of San Lazzaro, which is the Italian literary dec- 
oration. It came through the good offices of my old acquaintance, 
Professor Messadaglia, then a deputy in the Italian parliament, whom, 
for some reason I can not remember, I had put in correspondence 
with Longfellow. The honor was wholly unexpected, and it brought 
Longfellow a distress which was chiefly for the gentleman who had 
procured him the impossible distinction. He showed me the pretty 
collar and cross, not, I think, without a natural pleasure in it. No 
man was ever less a bigot in things civil and religious than he, but he 
said, firmly, " Of course, as a republican and a Protestant, I can't 
accept a decoration from a Catholic pnnce." His decision was from 
his conscience, and I think that all Americans who think duly about it 
will approve his decision. Such honors as he could fitly permit him- 
self he did not refuse, and I recall what zest he had in his election to 
the Arcadian Academy, which had made him a shepherd of its Roman 
Fold, with the title, as he said, of " Olimipico something." 

Mr. Howells fancies that his sweetest pleasure in his vast 
renown came from his popular recognition everywhere : 

Few were the lands, few the languages he was unknown to : he 
showed me a version of the "Psalm of Life" in Chinese. Ap- 
parently even the poor lost autograph -seeker was not denied by his 
universal kindness ; I know that he kept a store of autographs ready 
written on small squares of paper for all who applied by letter or in 
person ; he said it was no trouble ; but perhaps he was to be 
excused for refusing the request of a lady for fifty autographs, which 
she wished to offer as a novel attraction to her guests at a lunch-party. 
Foreigners of all kinds thronged upon him at their pleasure, appar- 
ently, and with perfect impunity. Sometimes he got a little fun, very, 
very kindly, out of their excuses and reasons ; and the Englishman 
who came to see him because there were no ruins to visit in America 
was no fable, as I can testify from the poet himself. But he had no 
prejudice against Englishmen, and even at a certain time when the 
coarse-handed British criticism began to blame his delicate art for the 
universal acceptance of his verse, and to try to sneer him into the rank 
of inferior poets, he was without rancor for the clumsy misliking that 
he felt. He could not understand rudeness ; he was too finely framed 
for that ; he could know it only as Swedenborg's most celestial angels 
perceived evil, as something distressful, angular. The ill-will that 
seemed nearly always to go with adverse criticism made him distrust 
criticism, and the discomfort which mistaken or blundering praise gives 
probably made him shy of all criticism. He said that in his early life 
as an author he used to seek out and save all the notices of his poems, 
but in his latter days he read only those that happened to fall in his 
way ; these he cut out and amused his leisure by putting together in 
scrap-books. He was reluclant to make any criticism of other poets : 
I do not remember ever to have heard him make one ; and his writings 
show no trace of the literary dislikes or contempts which we so often 

mistake in ourselves for righteous judgments. No doubt he had bis 
resentments, but he hushed them in his heart, which he did not suffer 
them to embitter. While Poe was writing of " Longfellow and other 
Plagiarists," Longfellow was helping to keep Poe alive by the loans 
which always made themselves gifts in Poe's case. He very, very 
rarely spoke of himself at all, and almost never of the grievances which 
he did not fail to share with all who live. 

He was patient of all things, and gentle beyond all mere 
gentlemanliness : 

But it would have been a great mistake to mistake his mildness for 
softness. It was most manly and firm ; and of course it was braced 
with the New England conscience he was born to. If he did not find 
it well to assert himself, he was prompt in behalf of his friends, and 
one of the fine things told of him was his resenting some censures of 
Sumner at a dinner in Boston during the old pro-slavery times ; he 
said to the gentlemen present that Sumner was his friend, and he must 
leave their company if they continued to assail him. 

But he spoke almost as rarely of his friends as of him- 
self : 

He liked the large, impersonal topics which could be dealt with on 
their human side, and involved characters rather than individuals. 
This was rather strange in Cambridge, where we were apt to take out 
instances from the environment. It was not the only things he was 
strange in there ; he was not to that manner born ; he lacked the final 
intimacies which can come only of birth and lifelong association, and 
which made the men of Boston breed seem exclusive when they least 
feel so ; he was Longfellow to the friends who were James, and 
Charles, and Wendell to one another. He and Hawthorne were 
classmates at college, but I never heard him mention Hawthorne ; I 
never heard him mention Whittier or Emerson. I think his reticence 
about his contemporaries was largely due to his reluctance from criti- 
cism ; he was the finest artist of them all, and if he praised he must 
have praised with the reservations of an honest man. No new con- 
tributor made his mark in the magazine unnoted by him, and some- 
times I showed him verse in manuscript which gave me peculiar 
pleasure. I remember his liking for the first piece that Mr. Maurice 
Thompson sent me, and how he tasted the fresh flavor of it, and in- 
haled its wild, new fragrance. He admired the skill of some of the 
young story-tellers ; he praised the subtlety of one in working out an 
intricate character, and said modestly that he could never have done 
that sort of thing himself. It was entirely safe to invite his judgment 
when in doubt, for he never suffered it to become aggressive, or used 
it to urge upon me the manuscript that must often have been urged 
upon him, 

A good many years before Longfellow's death he began 
to be sleepless, and he suffered greatly. He said to Mr. 
Howells once that he felt as if he were going about with his 
heart in a kind of mist : 

The whole night through he would not "be aware of having slept. 
" But," he would add, with his heavenly patience, "1 always get a 
good deal of rest from lying down so long." 1 can not say whether 
these conditions persisted, or how much his insomnia had to do with 
his breaking health ; three or four years before the end came, we left 
Cambridge for a house farther in the country, and I saw him less fre- 
quently than before. He did not allow our meetings to cease ; he 
asked me to dinner from time to time, as if to keep them up, but it 
could not be with the old frequency. Once he made a point of coming 
to see us in our cottage on the hill west of Cambridge, but it was with 
an effort not visible in the days when he could end one of his brief 
walks at our house on Concord Avenue ; he never came but he left our 
house more luminous for his having been there. Once he came to 
supper there to meet Garfield (an old family friend of mine in Ohio), 
and though he was suffering from a heavy cold, he could not scant us 
in his stay. I had some very bad sherry which he drank with the 
serenity of a martyr, and I shudder to this day to think what his 
kindness must have cost him. He told his story of the clothes-line 
ghost, and Garfield matched it with the story of an umbrella ghost 
who sheltered a friend of his through a midnight storm, but was not 
cheerful company to his beneficiary, who passed his hand through him 
at one point in the effort to take his arm. 

After the end of four years Mr. Howells came to Cam- 
bridge to be treated for a long sickness, which had nearly 
been his last, and when he could get about he returned the 
visit Longfellow had not failed to pay him. He says : 

But I did not find him, and I never saw him again in life. I went 
into Boston to finish the winter (1881-2), and from time to time I 
heard that the poet was failing in health. As soon as I felt able to 
bear the horse-car journey, I went out to Cambridge to see him. I had 
knocked once at his door, the friendly door that had so often opened to 
his welcome, and stood with the knocker in my hand, when the door 
was suddenly set ajar, and a maid showed her face wet with tears. 
" How is Mr. Longfellow ? " I palpitated, and, with a burst of grief. 
she answered: "Oh, the poor gentleman has just departed 1 " I 
turned away as if from a helpless intrusion at a death-bed. 

At the services held in the house before the obsequies at the ceme- 
tery, I saw the poet for the last time, where 

" Dead he lay among his books," 
In the library behind his study. Death seldom fails to bring serenity 
to all, and I will not pretend that there was a peculiar peacefulness in 
Longfellow's noble mask, as I saw it then. It was calm and benign as 
it had been in life ; he could not have worn a gentler aspect in going out 
of the world than he had always worn in it ; he had not to wait for 
death to dignify it with "the peace of God." All who were left of his 
old Cambridge were present, and among those who had come farther 
was Emerson. He went up to the bier, and with his arras crossed on 
his breast, and his elbows held in either hand, stood with his head 
pathetically fallen forward, looking down at the dead face. Those 
who knew how his memory was a mere blank, with faint gleams of 
recognition capriciously coming and going in it, must have felt that 
he was struggling to remember who it was lay there before him : and 
for me th- electly simple words confessing his failure will always be 
pathetic with his remembered aspect: "The gentleman we have just 
been burying," he said to the friend who had come with him, " was a 
sweet and beautiful soul ; but I forget his name." 

I had the privilege and honor of looking over the unprinted poems 
Longfellow left behind him, and of helping to decide which of them 
should be published. There were not many of them, and some of 
these few were quite fragmentary. I gave my voice for the publication 
of all that had any sort of completeness, for in every one there was a 
touch of his exquisite art, the grace of his most lovely spirit. 

The volume contains a wealth of well-chosen illustrations, 
which add greatly to its interest. They include pictures of 
notable buildings and scenes which have passed into his- 
tory, photographs of the young writers of many years ago 
whose faces as older men and women are familiar to us, 
and still others whose personality and appearance are 
almost unknown to the general public. 

Published by Harper & Brothers, New York ; price, 


^ • ^ 

The United States Government has formally recognized 
the responsibility of the mosquito for the transmisssion of 
yellow fever and malarial diseases, in an order by Major- 
General Wood at Havana, directed to his post commanders. 
The troops are enjoined to observe carefully two precau- 
tions : To use mosquito-bars in all the barracks, hospitals, 
and field service whenever practicable. To destroy the 
" w iggl ers >" or young mosquitoes, by the use of petroleum 
on the water where they breed. Permanent pools are to be 
filled up. To the others is to be applied one ounce of 
kerosene to each fifteen square feet of water twice a month, 
which will destroy not only the young but the old mos- 


January 14, 1901. 


The Triumph of a Bride from Bohemia. 

Rhoda Broughton excels the novelists of her 
class in character-drawing and in her ability to 
avoid copies of the same figures. From her earliest 
story down to the latest, no old acquaintances come 
forward to claim attention. There is no strained 
originality in the plots she unfolds, and there is a 
conventionality of remarkable virtues or perversities 
in her heroes and heroines, but the names always 
stand for a distinct personality, and the sorrows and 
joys are made sufficiently real in seeming to enlist 
the sympathy of the reader. Her novels are enter- 
taining without exception, and if they lack a purpose 
beyond entertainment, so much the better for the 
great number who read fiction for sentiments sake. 
And the sentiment in her stories is not mawkish. 
The gift of humor is hers, and most of the scenes 
she sketches are lightened with a touch of gayety 
that is beyond the art of many story-tellers. 

Her latest novel, " Foes in Law," is not distinctly 
better than those which have come from her pen in 
earlier years, but it is praiseworthy. One who reads 
the first chapter will pursue the fortunes of Lettice 
Trent and her rejected lover, the ambitious curate, 
to the end. A proposal and a matter-of-fact rejec- 
tion make a good opening for a story, though the 
seasoned novel-reader unhesitatingly predicts a re- 
consideration and a changed verdict later on. In 
this instance there is a reversal, but it is followed by 
a surprise, for the curate is poor stuff after all. But 
the love-story of Lettice is not the single interest, 
nor the greatest attraction in the story. Marie 
Kergouet, the beauty and pride of a disgraced 
family, who is chosen in her Bohemian surround- 
ings by the aristocratic, dull, and somewhat elderly 
brother of Lettice, is the winning figure. Her com- 
plete captivation of the once disappointed bachelor, 
and, later, of all the people of his estate and the 
parish, vicar and curate included, is not hard to 
understand. And her broken-down, humiliated old 
father, her hoydenish and loud-voiced sisters, are 
accepted frankly by the reader long before Lettice 
can endure with good grace their intimacy in the 
stately old home. The one dignified figure in this 
loving but somewhat disorderly family circle is an 
elder brother of the young and willful bride, and it 
is soon apparent that he is intended as a reward for 
Lettice when her resentment, family pride, and prim 
ideas of duty are overcome. 

Published by the Macmillan Company, New 
York ; price, $1.50. 

A Wavering Course to an Heroic End. 
The story of a great sorrow, of the wreck of . 
bright hopes and fair fortunes, is more enduring • 
than that of high reward, justly earned and fully j 
possessed. Happiness, even in fiction, is fair but I 
fleeting ; sorrow is more abiding and hardly less | 
sweet. The greatest poems, plays, and novels are 1 
tragedies. The philosophy of this condition does 1 
not concern the reviewer, but the fact is recurrent 
and notable. John Buchan's novel, "The Half- j 
Hearted," might be condemned for the undeserved : 
disappointments laid in the way of its characters, j 
for the unjust title given its hero, but it is more , 
likely to be praised. And that it deserves praise can 
not be denied. Few novels of the year will more 
quickly compel a second reading. It is well- 1 
informed, clever, and impressive. 

Lewis Haystoun, the "Half-Hearted," is a fine , 
figure, and his heroic end was not needed to prove 
the stuff that was in him. As a youth he won ! 
scholarship and athletic prizes at college, in his j 
young manhood he traveled far, penetrating savage 
wilds and braving unknown dangers. When he re- I 
turned to his Scottish home he described his jour- ! 
neyings with diffidence and minimized his exploits. ' 
On the estate which had been the possession of his ' 
family for generations he took up the sports and 
more practical pursuits of the Highland land- 
holders with zest and understanding. His serving- 
men and their boys looked up to him with pride and 
affection ; his old-time neighbors and friends were 
one in loyalty. Yet, when a clever but coarse and 
narrow-minded politician from the city invaded his 
borough and proposed to represent it in Parlia- 
ment, the younger man hesitated before he con- 
sented to contest the stranger's claim. Out of this 
candidacy and his defeat grew the disappointment 
that gives a romantic interest to the story. Near to 
Lewis Haystoun's home was the summer-place of 
Lord and Lady Manorwater, and among their 
guests for the season were Alice Wishart, the 
daughter of a city merchant, and Stocks, the 
Radical candidate. The young woman was equally 
attractive to Haystoun and Stocks, and they 
quickly became rivals in love as well as in 
politics. Miss Wishart secretly sympathized with 
Haystoun and detested Stocks, but she had ideas of 
her own about duty, courage, and manly achieve- 
ment. When Stocks pushed his suit, emboldened 
by his political success, she discouraged him at 
first ; but Haystoun was modest, deeply in love for 
the first time, and failed to make the most of his op- 
portunities. He lost in the race for the lady's favor, 
as he lost in the contest for a seat in the House of 
Commons, through lack of earnest striving. When 
too late, he discovered that he might have had the 
richest prize. Then he accepted a call from the 
Foreign Orfic t, went to Kashmir, and quickly 
proved his a ..ility and his heroism, surrounded by 

cruel enemies. But his gallant deeds were without 

Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; 

price, $1 50. 


Stories of College Girls and Others. 

Josephine Daskam Dodge's first volume was a 
collection of college stories which were of more 
than ordinary merit, one or two of them deserving a 
place in the first rank. Her second book, " Sister's 
Vocation, and Other Girls' Stories," is no less ad- 
mirable. Jt is bright, entertaining, and wholesome. 
Her girls are not all captivating creatures when first 
introduced, but their redeeming qualities are brought 
out with skill, and the lessons are not too obvious. 
There are nine of the stories, and each one 
has a distinctive charm, though some of the situ- 
ations are familiar. The girl who could not j 
find any attraction in fashionable trifles, and | 
who discovered her vocation in caring for two I 
lonely children and their neglected home, has 
appeared in fiction before, but seldom has her suc- 
cess been more gratifying. How an unknown and 
dreaded step-mother can win the heart of a proud 
and jealous daughter has been told, but seldom 
with equal interest. However, there are other epi- 
sodes that are fresh as well as pleasing. " A Taste 
of Bohemia" shows the real worth of some distract- 
ing illusions, and is amusing while its serious object 
is being gained. "A Singer's Story " is the pathetic 
history of a child's efforts to gratify her love for 
music, and the reward that comes at last is fully de- 
served. " Her Father's Daughter" tells how the 
college reputation of a father was called up just in 
time to save his child from a serious fault. " A 
College Girl " is the story of a gift that held even 
more of pleasure for the giver than for the delighted 

Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York ; 
price, $1.25. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
Robert Louis Stevenson's cousin, Graham Bal- 
four, has finished his memoir of the novelist. He 
has woven into it a number of new letters and some 
of Stevenson's unpublished literary fragments. The 
book will contain a full description of his life in 

Stanley Weyman has begun the publication of his 
new novel, " Count Hannibal." 

A new novel by Neil Munro, whose earlier work, 
"John Splendid," met with a cordial reception, is in 
the press. It is entitled " Shoes of Fortune." 

Seventy-five thousand copies of F. Marion Craw- 
ford's new novel, " In the Palace of the King," have 
been sold since its publication a month ago. 

Henry James calls his new novel "The Sacred 
Fount." It is to be published next spring. 

Messrs. Charles Scribner's Sons announce that 
the first edition of " Oriental Rugs," by John Kim- 
berly Mumford, was exhausted within a week after 
publication. Owing to the time necessary in the 
color-plate work, the second edition can not be 
ready much before February. 

A new book by the noted literary and Shake- 
spearean critic, Edward Dowden, entitled " Puritan 
and Anglican," is to be issued this month. 

Thackeray's daughter is writing again — a series 
of essays this time, dealing with charming but for- 
gotten books. She calls them " Blackstick Papers," 
after the good fairy in her father's inimitable little 
tale, " The Rose and the Ring." 

Messrs. D. Appleton & Co. will soon bring out 
" A History of Chinese Literature," by Herbert A. 
Giles, of the Cambridge University, a new volume 
in the Literature of the World Series. 

A new department in the conduct of that excellent 
artistic periodical, the International Studio, has 
been begun in the January number. It contains 
an article on William M. Chase, the first of a series 
on Americans, to include not only painters, but 
sculptors and workers in all artistic mediums. 
The department of American notes in the back of 
the magazine has also been increased from four 
pages to twelve. 

The life of William Black, the novelist, is to be 
written by one of his oldest friends, Sir Wemyss- 

General Russell A. Alger is writing a book which 
is to be a reply to the adverse criticism which he in- 
spired while holding the office of Secretary of War 
during the recent war with Spain, 

The annual issue of the San Francisco Chronicle, 
containing a series of carefully prepared articles de- 
scribing the present condition of the State, the ad- 
1 vance it has made during the past year and the last 
decade, has just been issued. It is an excellent ad- 
vertisement for California, for it gives just such in- 
formation concerning its people, its resources and 
its prospects, its products and manufactures, and its 
climate and capabilities as those who are living 
abroad and who have never seen the State desire to 

" Literary Boston has been paying considerable 
attention to "the two Winstons" who have been 
together lately in that city. Winston Spencer 
Churchill, who won fame recently through his war- 
correspondence in South Africa and is relating his 

experiences on a lecture tour, and Winston Churchill, 
of "Richard Carvel" fame, it seems, struck up 
a friendship, and on several occasions went about 
arm in arm. The curious public gathered in crowds, 
lining their path from the Hotel Touraine to the 
Somerset Club, across the Common, mostly armed 
with kodaks and bent on obtaining snap-shots of 
the " two youthful but famous Winstons." 

A farcical comedy has been made from the 
"Sprightly Romance of Marsac," by Molly Elliot 
Seawell, whose " House of Egremont " has recently 
appeared. Maclyn Arbuckle, formerly of the Fraw- 
ley Company, has the leading role. 

Judge Lacombe, in the United States Circuit 
Court of New York, has denied the motion made by 
Rudyard Kipling's attorneys to restrain R. F. Fenno 
& Co. from publishing and selling editions of his 
works on which an elephant's head was used. The 
case was argued in November and attracted a great 
deal of attention. The question of copyright was 
eliminated by the consent of both parties. Judge 
Lacombe said that Mr. Kipling had not established 
a common-law trade-mark, and there was no sug- 
gestion of a statutory trade-mark. He said that 
there was no apprehension that purchasers of the 
"Elephant's Head" edition might be misled by 
supposing that they were buying the "Outward 
Bound " or any other edition of his works. 

Authors Who Have Lived to a Good Age. 
M. Maurus J6kai, the famous Hungarian novelist 
(writes the Paris correspondent of the Author), has 
been visiting Paris, accompanied by his young wife. 
This is his first visit since 1867. He has been 
warmly welcomed by his compatriots and the 
brethren of his craft, and the Soci6l£ des Gens de 
Lettres has given a banquet in his honor. Although 
M. Jokai numbers seventy-five years, well counted, he 
is quite out of the running as regards age beside the 
beaux vieiltards who still hold honored places in the 
ranks of Parisian writers. M. E. Cormon — author of 
so many popular plays and father of the well-known 
painter — is in his ninety-second year. He is an 
assiduous theatre-goer, and was lately in evidence at 
a dress- rehearsal at the Theatre de la R6publique, 
busily engaged in superintending the revival of 
" Une Cause Celebre," the joint production of MM. 
Adolphe d'Ennery and E. Cormon, successfully per- 
formed at the Ambigu Theatre a quarter of a cent- 
ury ago. M. d'Ennery died in 1899, aged eighty- 
eight years, possessed of a fortune which amounted 
in round figures to about two millions of dollars. 
MM. Aureiian Scholl and Paul Meurice, likewise, 
leave M. Jokai behind. The former resumes his 
pen at intervals in dilatory, virtuoso fashion. His 
senior, M. Paul Meurice, still compares favorably in 
literary activity with a score of modern authors. He 
is an ardent disciple of Victor Hugo, to boot ; and 
recently presented to the National Library a collec- 
tion of over a thousand documents, photographs, 
etc., connected with the great French writer and his 
family. This collection will shortly be open to the 


• — * — * 

Jane Austen's Last Hours. 

A letter describing the last hours of Jane Austen 
has just been sold in London. It was penned by 
her sister, Elizabeth Austen, who writes as follows : 

" She felt herself to be dying about half an hour 
before she became tranquil and apparently uncon- 
scious. During that half-hour was her struggle, 
poor soul ; she said she could not tell us what she 
suffered, though she complained of little fixed pain. 
When I asked her if there was anything she wanted, 
her answer was she wanted nothing but death, and 
some of her words were, ' God grant me patience, 
pray for me, oh pray for me.' Her voice was de- 
fective, but as long as she spoke she was in- 
telligible. ... I returned about a quarter before 
six and found her recovering from faintness and op- 
pression ; she got so well as to be able to give me 
a minute account of her seizure, and when the clock 
struck six she was talking quietly to me. I can not 
say how soon afterward she was seized again with 
the same faintness, which was followed by the suffer- 
ing she could not describe ; but Mr. Lyford had 
been sent for, had applied something to give her 
ease, and she was in a state of quiet insensibility by 
seven o'clock at the latest. From that time till half- 
past four, when she ceased to breathe, she scarcely 
moved a limb, so that we have every reason to think, 
with gratitude to the Almighty, that her sufferings 
were over. . . . The last sad ceremony is to take place 
on Thursday morning, her dear remains are to be 
deposited in the cathedral — it is a satisfaction to me 
to think that they are to be in a building she ad- 
mired so much— her precious soul, 1 presume to 
hope, reposes in a superior mansion." 

Glasses are said to have been 
invented by Alessandro di 
Spina, in the 13th century. 

The glasses which we make 
are examples of the perfec- 
tion which has been reached 
in their manufacture. 

Hirsch & Kaiser, 

7 Kearny St. 


A $7.00 

Given Free 

to each person interested in 
subscribing to the Eugene 
Field Monument Souvenir 
Fund. Subscribe any amount 
desired. Subscriptions as low 
as $1.00 will entitle donor to 
this daintily artistic volume 

"Field Flowers" 

nA/sif ) (cloth bound, S x u), as a 

Kill IK /certificate of subscription to 

UuUII (fund. Book contains a selec- 

) tion of Field's best and most 

THE Book of \ representative works and is 

t n e century \ reaay f or delivery. 

Handsomely 1 But for the noble contri- 

II lust rated? bution of the world's greatest 

¥ L Vir 7 " w° > art ' StS thia book COuld not 
of the World s J have been manufactured for 
Greatest Art- S i ess t han $7.00. 
lsts - { The fund created is divided 

equally between the family of the late Eugene 
Field and the fund for the building of a monu- 
ment to the memory of the beloved poet of child- 
hood. Address 

Eugene Field Monument Souvenir Fund 

180 Monroe St., Chicago. 

# (Also at Book Stores.) 

'■ J If you also wish to send postage, inclose 10 cts. 



211 Montgomery Street, San Francisco. 




Will send yon all newspaper clippings which may appear 
about you, your friends, or any subject on which you 
want to be "up to date." 

A large force in my New York office reads 630 daily 
papers and over 2,000 weeklies and magazines, in fact, 
every paper of importance published in the United States, 
for 5,000 subscribers, and through the European Bureaus, 
all the leading papers in the civilized globe. 

Clippings found for subscribers and rjasted on slips giv- 
ing name and date of paper, and are mailed day by day. 

Write for circular and terms. 


110 Fifth ATenue, Hew York 

Branches : 




"With Biographical Sketch of Mr. O'Connell by 
Win. Greer Harrison 

FRICS . . . SI. SO 




JANUAKY 14, 1901. 



Some New Balzac Letters. 
The latest Balzac letters which the Vicomte de 
Lovenjoul publishes in the Revue Bleue are chiefly 
interesting for the light they throw on Balzac's 
literary friendship with Mme. Delphine Gay de ' 
Girardin (points out the New York Evening Post J '. ! 
Her husband was editor of La Presse, to which 
Balzac had pledged his entire production for sev- I 
eral years. A quarrel over this contract embittered j 
the relation between editor and contributor. Mme. 
de Girardin endeavored to play the peacemaker. I 
Her letters to Balzac are charming. Toward 
him she shows something of the resentment of j 
a mistress of a salon for a valuable "lion" who 
sulks incorrigibly, much of the frank chatter of 
friendship, and something of the pique of a charm- 
ing woman insufficiently esteemed and considered. 
Balzac is much more conventional, and at some | 
pains to parry her advances. 

and the West. Published by the Lippincott Com- 
pany, Philadelphia ; price, $1.50. 

Thirteen of Theodore Roosevelt's speeches and 
. political, military, and biographical essays are in- 
cluded in the volume bearing the title, " The Stren- 
uous Life." A fine portrait serves as frontispiece to 
the book. Published by the Century Company, 
New York ; price, $150. 

" The April Baby's Book of Tunes, with the Story 
of How They Came to Be Written," by the author 
of " Elizabeth and Her German Garden," and illus- 
trated by Kate Greenaway's drawings, printed in 
colors, is one of the most delightful juvenile books 
of the season. Published by the Macmillan Com- 
pany, New York ; price, $1.50. 

Seventeen years after its first appearance, Austin 
Dobson has revised his " Henry Fielding : A 
Memoir," and added some fragments of informa- 
tion discovered since the book was written. It is a 
notable life of the writer whom Scott called "the 

Mme. de Girardin calls Balzac her master, is ', father of the English novel " ($1.25). " Norse Stories 

solicitous about his health, urges him to visit her 
more frequently. To such a request Balzac answers 
in a characteristic note : 

" February, 1834. 

" My Dear Scholar : Don't make fun of your 

poor master, whose knowledge of society is only 

theoretical. He has said in one or another eonte 

drolatique that pounds of melancholy will not buy a 

Re-Told from the- Eddas," by Hamilton Wright 
Mabie, contains many of the striking legends of 
Northern mythology ($1.25). Published by Dodd. 
Mead & Co., New York. 

The earlier military importance, the commercial 
growth, and the charm of the modern aspect of the 
old French place are the topics that inspired Anna 

hungry man a crust ; just so the tons of pleasure j Bowman Dodd in the production of her latest vol- 

one might find in society will not pay the monthly 

" Ergo. Your master is a slave, and since he has 
no one else to count on, your poor master works. 
Every day he goes to bed at six, when your life 
begins to brighten, and you light up the candles in 
your beautiful nest where your wit shines, and poetry 
glows and sparkles. Then he gets up at half-past 
midnight, to work twelve hours, while you rest 
cradled in a thousand happy dreams. Eeco ! 

" Imagine if that is hard or not, for, after all, I 
have no scholar but you only. No one comes 

" ' En la cabaae oil le colon me couvre ' 
to cheer me up ; and when one sees nobody, and 
chooses to know nothing, glory and reputation, as 
the world counts them, are but beating the empty air. 

" I am like the child who, in carnival time, has 
forgotten to fill his bladder-club with peas, and so, 
even when he strikes with it, hears nothing." 

Mme. de Girardin was herself a contributor to La 
Presse, and Balzac professed a great admiration for 
her talent. Acknowledging her book, "La Canne 
de M. de Balzac " (1836), he writes : 

urae, " Falaise, the Town of the Conqueror." The 
book will rank with her earlier works, " In and Out 
of Three Normandy Inns," and " Cathedral Days," 
in interest and beauty. Its numerous illustrations 
are good reproductions of photographic views well 
chosen. Published by Little, Brown & Co., Boston ; 
price, $2.00. 

Ten studies of the principles underlying the ethics 
of the social sciences make up " Social Justice : A 
Critical Essay," by Professor Westel Woodbury 
Willoughby, of Johns Hopkins University ($3.00). 
"Commerce and Christianity" is an able plea for 
the application of religious principles to commer- 
cial affairs, published anonymously ($1.50). " Prin- 
ciples of Mechanics," by Professor Frederic Slate, 
of the University of California, is an elementary 
exposition for students of physics ($1.90). Pub- 
lished by the Macmillan Company, New York. 

"Thomas Sydenham," by Joseph Frank Payne, is 
a scholarly memoir of that eminent physician of 

I have but just arrived in Paris, and did not the seventeenth century, prefaced with a fine por- 

wish to thank you for the book without having ( trait, and is a worthy addition to the Masters of 

read it. j Medicine Series ($1.25). " The Last Years of Saint 

" You are too clever not to see through the thou- | p au i ( " by the Abbe Constant Fouard, translated by 

sand and one compliments that a flattered vanity j George F . x , Griffith, tells of the missionary voy- 
mierht offer : but vou are too good-hearted also not r . ..._■■ -„i_ i_- 

1 ages of the apostle, beginning with his first im- 

to understand how the affection of an old friend (for 
old friends we are if our hearts are young) goes out 
into gratitude for you. So I shall speak to you 
about the book as a friend. 

"It shows the same fine and rare spirit that 
charmed me in ' Le Marquis de Pontanges.' But 
I beseech you (here it comes)— when I see these 
splendid qualities squandered on mere nothings (so 
far as subject is concerned) I could weep. . . . You 
have a significance and force in the details which 
you do not apply to the whole. You are as strong 
in prose as in poetry — a thing in our time given to 
Victor Hugo alone. Use your advantages. Write 
a great book, a beautiful book. I charge you do so 
with all the might of one who loves the beautiful. 
... Be only always equal to your best and you will 
cross the gulf established between the two sexes — in 
literature, I mean, for I am not with those who 
think that either Mme. de Stae'l or Mme. George 
Sand has abolished it." 

There is more in the same strain, but it sounds 
less sincere than this compliment paid to him by 
Mme. de Girardin, on June 5, 1839 : 

"I saw M. de Lamartine this evening stretched 
out on his couch and suffering horribly. For three 
weeks he has neither eaten by day nor slept by night. 
He lives only by reading, and he reads only you. I 
told him that you had lately published several works. 
He begged me to give him the list of them. I ask 
you for it so as to forget nothing. He would be 
glad to read ' Le Grand Homme de Province a 
Paris,' with which I am charmed. When can he 
have it ? The fragment [in installments in La Presse] 
he has seen of it seemed masterly to him. He loves 
you enthusiastically, and only talks of you. It is 
the weakness of a sick man, but one shared by many 
in good enough health." 

The letters prove that Balzac was a thriftless and 
unbusiness-like client of the publisher, Emile de 
Girardin, and that the publisher was inclined to 
be now testy, now rigid with his author. 

New Publications. 
" Fleurs des Poetes et des Prosateurs Francais," 
by Jeanne and Marguerite Bouvet, is planned to 
present a quotation for each day in the year. Pub- 
lished by William R. Jenkins, New York. 

King Richard the Third is a prominent figure in 
"With Ring of Shield," by Knox Magee, though 
the story centres about minor personages. It is full 
of moving adventures, well described. Published 
by R. F. Fenno & Co., New York ; price, $1.50. 

Much historical matter of worth has been newly 
collected and with good purpose in " The Germans 
in Colonial Times," by Lucy Forney Bittinger. 
Most readers will be surprised by this record of the 
important interest immigrants from Germany had 
jn the early settlement of New York, the South, 

prisonment at Rome and concluding with the de- 
struction of Jerusalem. Three fine maps are 
included in the work ($2 00). Published by Long- 
mans, Green & Co., New York. 

For the student in his second or third year of 

Latin, Professor Frank J. Miller's new work, 

"Ovid — Selected Works, with Notes and Vocab- 

j ulary," may safely be commended ($1.40). "Col- 

1 lege Requirements in English " presents in one 

! compact volume, for study and practice, Edmund 

| Burke's " Conciliation with the American Colonies," 

' Shakespeare's "Macbeth," Milton's minor poems, 

1 Macaulay's " Addison " and " Milton," each author 

being noticed in an introductory sketch ($1.00). 

j " The Story of Cyrus," by Clarence W..Gleason, is 

a text-book for students in Greek, to supplement 

i the beginner's book (40 cents). Published by the 

! American Book Company, New York. 

I Frederick Bancroft's " Life of William H. Sew- 
ard " is something more than a notable biography, 
for its subject was one of the history- makers of the 
Republic in its greatest stress. The author has 
done his work well, and it will remain a monument 
, to his painstaking research and wisdom of choice. 
The first volume covers sixty years of Seward's life, 
: but just reaches the greatest part of his career, as 
the statesman's existence began with the first year 
1 of the nineteenth century. In the second volume 
, the greatest services of the Secretary of State are re- 
1 counted, when for eight years the foreign relations 
j of the country were in his hands. The index of the 
work is complete. Published by Harper & Brothers, 
New York ; price, $5.00. 

Students and general readers alike will find the 
" Source-Book of English History," by Elizabeth 
Kimball Kendall, a valuable and instructive work. 
Its five hundred pages are filled with choice quota- 
tions, nearly all brief, from historians and essayists, 
beginning with Tacitus and closing with John 
Morley. There are copious side-notes and a full in- 
dex (80 cents). " Helmet and Spear," by Rev. A. J. 
Church, is a volume of stories from the wars of the 
Greeks and Romans, arranged chronologically 
($1.75). "The Hoosiers," by Meredith Nicholson, 
is the latest volume in the National Studies of Amer- 
ican Letters Series. It is devoted to the literary, 
political, and social history of Indiana ($1.25). 
Published by the Macmillan Company, New York. 

From the mass of Eugene Field's contributions to 
the Chicago Daily News, bookish, merry, satirical, 
sentimental, political, and personal, Slason Thomp- 
son has chosen not more than a one-hundredth part 
for preservation, and the selections are offered in two 
dainty volumes, entitled, as was the poet-humorist's 

daily column of paragraphs, "Sharps and Flats." 
The books are of greater value to the host of friends 
and admirers who followed his career with interest 
and complete sympathy than to the general reader, 
but they amply justify the making ($250). " Songs 
and Song Writers," by Henry T. Finck, is the 
latest addition to the Music Lover's Library Series 
It is biographic and critical, and includes notices of 
the composers of all nations and their songs ($1.25) 
Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. 



Jerome A. Hart 


When the dawn-star whitens 

In the flushing east, 
When the young birds' clamor 

Suddenly has ceased. 
When the breeze is breathless 

On the upland way, — 
In that one tense moment, 

Silence — tremor — Day. 

Life's pale stars are slipping 

From the hand of night ; 
Heavenly hills in shadow 

Catch the growing light. 
Love and Faith that, faltering, 

Through the gloom have trod 
Know in Death's dawn-moment 

Silence— rapture— God I 
— Grace Duffield Goodwin in ike Independent. 

Good-night, my burden. Rest you there, 

The working hours are over ; 
Poor weight, that had to be my care — 

And why, let time discover ! 
The evening star sheds down on me 

The dearer look than laughter, 
At whose clear call I put by all 

Forbids me follow after, 
Free, free— to breathe first breath again, the 
breath of all hereafter ! 

Good-night, heart's grief ; and rest you there 

Until you're sure to-morrow ; 
Here's only place for that wide air 

More old, more young, than sorrow. 
And though I hear, from far without, 

These caging winds keep revel, 
Oh, yet I must bestow some trust 

Where water seeks her level — 
Where wise heart water seeks and sings, until 
she reach the level. 
—Josephine Preston Peabody in Scribner's Maga- 

Buried Thoughts. 
How often does the chopper of some stone, 
While toiling at his task of heave and shock, 
Find in the heart-space of a severed rock 
The impress of some fern that once had grown, 
Full of aspiring life and color-tone, 
Deep in the forest where the shadows flock, 
Till, caught within the adamantine block, 
It lay for ages hidden and unknown ! 
So many a beauteous thought blooms in the mind, 
But, unexpressed, droops down into the soul 
And lies unuttered in the silence there 
Until some opener of the soul shall find 
That fern-like, fossiled dream, complete and whole, 
And marvel at its beauty past compare 1 

— Alfred S. Donaldson in the Outlook. 


Now Ready 

RCONAUT LETTERS makes a volume 
of about 500 pages, handsomely printed 
in large type, on heavy paper. There are 
some 60 Illustrations from photographs. 
The book is richly bound, with a 
unique cover design In cold, black, 
and crimson, by \>. M. UPTON. As 
the volume is printed only in response 
to requests for these letters In permanent 
form, the edition is a limited one. 

No plates have been made. It is printed 
from new type and the type distributed. 

Those desiring it should therefore order 
at once. 

If many a daring spirit must discover 

The chartless world, why should they glory lack ? 
Because athwart the skyline they sank over 

Few, few, the shipmen be that have come back. 

Yet one, wreck'd oft, hath by a giddy cord 
The rugged head of Destiny regain'd — 

One from the maelstrom's lap hath swum aboard— 
One from the polar sleep himself unchain'd. 

But he, acquainted well with every tone 
Of madness whining in his shroudage slender, 

From storm and mutiny emerged alone 
Self-righted from the dreadful self- surrender : 

Rich from the isles where sojourn long is death 
Won back to cool Thames and Elizabeth, 
Sea-weary, yes, but human still, and whole— 
A circumnavigator of the soul. 

— Pall Mall Gazette. 

The Changing Skies. 
Form follows cloudy form across the sky ; 
In crystal seas float islands of delight ; 
Grand turrets seem to guard yon mountain's 

height ; 
Lo 1 there the folded flocks of evening lie ; 
Here rosy billows heave, and, breaking, sigh ; 
Archangels meet, and clash their sabres bright ; 
See ! scarlet squadrons marshal in the night ; 
Pale wanderers' lamps the midnight glorify. 

In my life's sky dream follows dream of thee ; 
The wild majestic pageant passes on — 
Abodes, defenses, warriors, herds, (air seas. 
Moods come and go ; shape thou my destiny, 
Thou who* remain'st when all the dreams are 

gone — 
My hope, my strength, my glory, and my peace 1 

— Elizabeth Gibson in Chambers's Journal. 

One of the most notable feats of memory re- 
corded in the past century was that of Colonel 
Charfetie, mentioned in the just published history 
of steeple - chasing. This well-known sportsman 
once learned by heart, for a bet, the whole of the 
London Morning Post of a particular day, and re- 
peated every word of it, including the advertise- 

Opinions of the Press. 

"One of the most readable books of travel that 
have been issued in many a day is ' Argonaut Letters.' 
The book is handsomely printed, and is illustrated 
with beautifully executed half-tones of photographs. 
The publishers have given the book a handsome 
dress." — Sa?i Francisco Chronicle. 

"In that delightful volume, 'Argonaut Letters,' 
there is hardly anything which has not the attraction 
of novelty. In paper, printing, and illustrations it 
is as perfect a volume as will be issued anywhere. 
It is so thoroughly a California book that it warms 
the heart to read it and see how loyal to California 
a person can be when he is abroad and enjoying the 
best that Europe or Africa has to offer." — Oakland 

" An attractive volume, beautifully printed, and 
handsomely illustrated is ' Argonaut Letters.' There 
are no dull pages in it." — Oakland Tribune. 

"'Argonaut Letters' is the title of a fat, richly 
and profusely illustrated volume. These letters are 
among the very best works of travel which have 
come from any press. They are critical, witty, 
assertive, and searching. It is a book of delightful 
reading — the descriptions are vivid, strong, and 
photographic." — Sacramento Record- Union. 

" ' Argonaut Letters ' is a handsomely bound and 
printed volume, and is well illustrated. The letters 
are bright and clever." — San Francisco Bulletin. 

" ' Argonaut Letters' is entertainingly written and 
the volume is handsomely illustrated."— Portland 

" The clubman, the cynic, the editor, the tolerant 
man of the world, the observant critic, all peep out 
from the pages of 'Argonaut Letters,' and it is 
gratifying to note that European travel has not 
spoiled the author, and that he comes home an 
American citizen who is prouder than ever of his 
country. 'Argonaut Letters' is handsomely illus- 
trated, well printed, and in every way a credit to 
California and the Pacific Coast." — Los Angeles 

" ' Argonaut Letters' are rarer . . . because they 
are unconventional. That constitutes the charm of 
these letters. They are extremely interesting. The 
volume is handsomely bound and illustrated and 
well printed." — Stockton Independent. 

"'Argonaut Letters' ... is made up of the 
recorded observations of an American intellect, at 
friction with European places and people. It con- 
tains that which many a more ambitious work does 
not. It is not the ordinary work of travel. Fifty- 
nine beautiful half-tones illustrate the work." — San 
Francisco iVews Letter. 

" Guide-book lore is conspicuously absent, but in- 
stead are the vivid impressions of a traveler who has 
the courage to use his own eyes and to record his in- 
dependent opinions. The colloquial tone of the 
letters adds to their vivacity and dash." — San Fran- 
cisco Town Talk, 

" Few books of foreign travel will be found so 
entertaining. Mr. Hart is a keen observer and has 
a singularly happy faculty of turning his observa- 
tions into word pictures." — San Diego Union. 

Price, $2.00, Wrapped for Mailing 

Forwarded, postage paid, to parties in the 
East and Europe on receipt of price. 



246 Sutler St., San Francisco. 

Telephone James 2531. 


January 14, 1901 

This is a world of imitators. Originality is be- 
coming so scarce that it is hailed as genius. We all 
imitate more or less, beginning in our cradle and 
keeping it up, indefatigably, until we drop into a 
hackneyed and unoriginal tomb. Probably no one 
frets very much over this fact, except the few origi- 
nals who are slavishly imitated by multitudes of fol- 
lowers. And, indeed, when one comes to think 
about it, the great masters of literature, beginning 
with Shakespeare himself, have given us cause for 
gratitude when they have grafted from another's 
planting, and made purer the tint of the lily and 
reddened the glow of the rose. George Gissing, the 
English novelist, who can write unpleasant books, 
but has a very pretty talent for critical essays, ad- 
vances the idea that Major Pendennis and the lively 
and rattle-brained Foker are the unconscious result 
of Thackeray's appreciation of greater possibilities 
in the character conception of Joey Bagstock and 
Toots, in " Dombey and Son." The metre and 
style of Longfellow's " Hiawatha," which seem pe- 
culiarly that poet's own, are closely modeled on the 
simple, flowing measures of the " Kalevala." the 
great Finnish epic. "With Fire and Sword," by 
Sienkiewicz. is a great improvement on its prede- 
cessor, Ludlow's " Captain of the Janizaries," while 
Robert Louis Stevenson is the foster-father of a 
rising band of young novelists, who are as innumer- 
able and indistinctive as pebbles on a sandy beach. 
And so, as ideas can not be patented, when any 
fortunate one strikes a new and original literary 
vein, he may be sure that if it has financial possi- 
bilities it will be quickly snapped up and all but 
duplicated by some enterprising craftsman who is 
frequently clever enough and possibly inspired 
enough to improve on his model. So, perhaps, we 
need have no hard feelings toward Lottie Blair 
Parker, who is billed as the maker of " Way Down 
East." This is a very ingenuous drama, built with 
simple and disarming openness on " The Old 
Homestead." .We have met all the characters be- 
fore, either in that play, or "Shore Acres," or 
"Hazel Kirke," or in some of the innumerable 
New England stories which have been flooding the 
country for the last ten years. 

I read a book recently by Philip Hubert, called 
"The Stage as a Vocation." which shed some light 
on the hardships of theatrical life. So much so, in- 
deed, that it might even act as a deterrent on aspir- 
ants to a stage career who were not over-sanguine or 
fully determined. And one of the hardships that 
the author mentioned as being most trying is the 
wearing uncertainty during the summer interregnum 
that actors are obliged to undergo as to whether 
they will secure an engagement for the season. In 
"Way Down East" the players have in many 
cases been selected for physical fitness, for the roles 
are not such as require marked talent or originality. 
So, probably, Kate, the bonnie little niece, may 
thank her stars that she has a slender little figure 
and an infectious, gurgling, girlish laugh. Martha 
Perkins, the gossip, is no doubt duly grateful to 
Providence for a spare, spinster-like form, sharp 
features, and a snappy voice. Hi Holler, who is 
short, round, and fat, with a lusty voice, does very 
well for the lazy chore-boy. The villain could be 
spotted at a glance. He is tall, straight, young, 
good-looking, sleek-haired, deep-voiced — a very per- 
sonable young man, in a rather gorgeous and flit- 
tering style. But he whs well-dressed, and wore 
riding-Loots. Fatal detect ! We, in front, knew at 
once, seeing him among the gingham-shirted and 
overalled group, that his morals were not iire- 
proachable. and had cause laier to plume ourselves 
on our acumen. The heroine had night-black hair, 
a chalky pallor, and a very thin figure — a fact which, 
as subsequently it transpired, was of advantage to 
the hero, who is obliged to carry her in half- 
frozen from her flight into the snow-storm. 

There was a good deal of shivering, foot-stamping, 
and hand-warming, while the inexhaustible snow- 
storm, visible through the kitchen window, raged un- 
intermittingly during an entire act. This, 1 think, 
was rather soothing to the feelings of a half-frozen 
house, who quailed in their seats under the Arctic 
blasts which came in through the half-drawn cur- 
tains at the rear. When one is slowly refrigerating, 
it is not very illusionizing to hear those on the stage 
complain of the heat as they wipe the honest sweat 
from their brows. This mechanical snow-storm was 
part of an effective setting for the big scene of the 
play, which is, in fact, lifted bodily from " Hazel 
Kirke " However, that hurt no one's feelings ap- 
parently, and it was a very well-worked-up scene. 
The ijntire population of the play had, of course, pre- 
via ly braved the snow-storm and assembled in the 
ian 'i kitchen to serve as adjuncts in the picture, and 

I think we were all quite excited, in the good, old- 
fashioned way that the playmaker meant us to be. 
The human creature so shrinks from the thought of 
a shelterless condition in storm and night, that when 
the unfortunate girl was thrust forth the hackneyed 
situation roused the old thrill of pity and horror at 
the self-justifying cruelty of the too-sternty right- 
eous. And the roomful within sat silent in the same 
tension of awed interest with which in life lookers-on 
witness the doing of tragical deeds. 

Taken altogether, the play makes such an in- 
genuous appeal to your feelings that, since the 
production as a whole is well-mounted, carefully 
trained, satisfactorily acted, and sufficiently interest- 
ing, you find yourself at times, even if you are a 
seasoned subject, responding in kind. 

The two concerts given by the Yale Glee and 
Banjo Clubs last week were sufficiently out of the 
rut to be pleasant and entertaining affairs, even 
aside from the fact that there is considerable pro- 
fessional finish evidenced in the ensemble work of 
the singers. When one reflects what a queer, com- 
plex, dynamic, unmanageable, irrepressible, undis- 
ciplined, potential entity a college boy is, and how 
respectfully fathers, mothers, college presidents, and 
college faculties stand aside and let him run him- 
self, it is a pleasant and soothing sight to see such a 
lot of them devoting themselves with interest, pleas- 
ure, and enthusiasm to anything so agreeable and 
harmless as music. 

Their young voices are delightful to hear, full of 
the ringing freshness and hearty zest of extreme 
youth. For the dear little chaps, with their rosy 

cheeks and beaming eyes, were like a lot of boy- I stage or concert platform — she has lived there almost 
buds, just opening their petals to a toiling world. ! constantly. It was from Craig-y-Nos that she was 
The greater number of them still have that open- ! married to Baron .Cederstrom in January, 1899, 
eyed, world-is my-oyster look which one sees in the j ijule more than a year after the death of her second 
faces of children, young girls, kittens, and college j husband, Signor Nicolini, who had also been mar- 
boys. A point of view which, I fear, would be con- ried to her in the same neighborhood after her 

Patti Has Sold Her Famous Castle. 
Craig - y - No's, Mme. Adelina Patti's beautiful 
castle in Wales, has been sold to Sir George 
Newnes, the London publisher. The price paid 
has not yet been made public, but is said to be in 
the neighborhood of $1,250,000. Since Mme. Patti's 
marriage with Count Cederstrom. in January, 1899, 
her attachment for her old home in Wales has been 
observed to have weakened. It is understood that 
the great singer intends to spend her remaining 
years in Sweden, and that her husband's wish is to 
reside in his native country, where his noble descent 
entitles him to a place in the highest circles of the 

Last summer Patti visited Sweden, and was in- 
vited, with her husband, Baron Cederstrom, to the 
palace, when the king and queen expressed a hope 
that they might spend much time in the country. 
As was noted at the time, the Baroness Patti- 
Cederstrom. as she is now generally called, gave a 
charity concert in Stockholm, at which the royal 
household was present. The king sent for her and 
the baron to go to his box, and he presented her 
with the Order of Literature. The decoration was 
surmounted by a superb crown of diamonds. 

It is over twenty years now since the diva first set 
eyes upon Craig-y-Nos. She fell in love with it, 
purchased it, and began to make of it one of the 
loveliest country seals in a country justly celebrated 
for them. Situated in a wild district of Brecknock- 
shire, the castle is, despite its mediaeval aspect, essen- 
tially a modern mansion in its interior arrangements. 
Its chatelaine loved it so well that of late years — es- 
pecially since she ceased to appear upon the operatic 



Lenses replaced for 50 cents. 

Any Astigmatic lenses duplicated for SI. 00 and 
81 .50. 

Guaranteed correct and best quality. 

Oculists' prescriptions filled. Factory 00 premises. 
Quick repairing. Phone, Main 10. 


642 Market St. instruments 



Fifth and Last Week Begins Monday Evening, Janu- 
ary 14th, of the Great Holiday Success, 


By Ferris Hartman. Last View of Fest's Transforma- 
tion. Coming— "The Fencing Master." By 
the Authors of "Robin Hood." 

Evenings at 8. Matinee Saturday at 2 Sharp. 
Popular Prices— 25c and 50c. Telephone Bush g. 


sidered painfully revolting to the dignity of those 
mature personages who are apt to consider them- 
selves elderly and seared with sin. Nevertheless, 
there is something in it. The fact of the matter is 
that getting an education is not quite so serious a 
thing as getting a living. Certain faculties are 
brought to play in the latter occupation which 
age and harden young faces. On the other hand, 
college life is, except in individual cases, a joyful 

divorce from the Marquis de Caux. 

In recent years Patti has expended nearly three- 
quarters of a million dollars upon the place. The 
roadway to the castle grounds was constructed at a 
cost of $30,000. She spent 530,000 for an or- 
chestrion built into the wall of her private theatre, 
which itself cost her $40,000. Sir Henry Irving 
lent to Mme. Patti his head carpenter to supervise 
the work. The auditorium seats nearly five hun- 

prolongation of the care-free, irresponsible years of : dred persons, and the stage can accommodate sixty 

players. Many famous guests, including royalty, 
have been entertained in this theatre. A few years 
ago Mme. Patti had built in the large tower a chime 
of bells at a cost of $40,000. These chimes ring 
every fifteen minutes. In the transfer of property it 
is understood that' the numerous art works owned 
by Mme. Patti will not change hands. The furni- 
ture, however, which must be figured as one of the 
important integers of value in the sale, will go to 
the new proprietor. 

Sir George Newnes is known as an ambitious en- 
tertainer, and few estates, at least for sale, could be 
found so perfectly adapted to this purpose as Craig- 
y-Nos. Since Sir George was made a baronet, in 
1895, he has been yearly growing richer from the 
big profits he draws from his magazines and other 
publications. He will obtain possession of bis new 
estate as soon as the prima donna can make the 
necessary removals. 


There was, as some one remarked, a great deal 
of Gilbertian humor in many of the selections, and 
practice has perfected the singers in the rapid patter 
with which, in many cases, the words are sung, to a 
high degree of skill. Some of the selections, such 
as " Upidee," "The Bullfrog in the Pool," and 
" The Ocean Waves May Roll," were sung by col- 
legiates two decades ago, but they were given with 
just as much zest as the more up-to-date pieces, of 
which there were a large number. How boomily 
the bassos came in in the " Rum ta-ra-ra" refrain, 
and how fervently the tenors soared to soul-exalting 
heights in that delightful " Tommy Went a- Fishing 
on Sunday." This was arranged by some musical 
genius to sound like an anthem, and the pious 
fervor with which the singers gave it was truly 

There were four or five soloists who had agreeable 
voices, unmarred by those thin and worn places 
which one marks in the over-worked voices of pro- 
fessionals. On the other hand, the comparative 
lack of smoothness and finish became evident at 
once in the solo work. It is very plain that the 
Yale boys love to sing, for they gave many encores 
in spite of the ball that was to follow the concert. 
Some admirable numbers also were given by the 
Banjo Club, who, like the singers, showed the pre- 
cision and skill that can only result from much 
practice. Josephine Hart Phelps. 

To-Night, Sunday Night, and All Next Week, the Most 
Talked of Play of the Season. Win. A. Brady's Com- 
plete Production of the Pastoral Idyl, 

-:- WAY DOWN EAST -:- 

By Lottie Blair Parker. Elaborated by Jos. R. Grismer. 

Next Tuesday and Thursday Afternoons, Mile. Dolores 
(frebellij Concerts. 

At the Races. 
The Follansbee Handicap, a high-weight handi- 
cap, for two-year-olds and upward, for a purse of 
$1,500. will be the principal event at the Oakland 
Track to-day (Saturday). The distance is seven fur- 
longs, and as there are some sixty-four entries, there 
is sure to be a large field. Next Saturday, January 
19th, the Lissak Handicap is announced as the 
special feature. It is a handicap for two-year-olds 
and upward, for a $1,500 purse, over a one-mile 

Champagne Imports in 1900. 

The appreciation of the remarkably fine quality 
of G. H. Mumm's Extra Dry coming to this 
market is best illustrated by the phenomenal im- 
ports in 1900 of 119. 441 cases, or 79,293 more than 
any other brand. 

— Dr. Decker, Dentist, 806 Market. Spe- 
cialty, "ColtonGas" for painless teeth extracting. 

Among the gifts sent to prominent people was one 
received by Henry Labouchere. consisting of an out- 
side page of London Truth, with the head of 
Kriiger substituted for that of Truth, and inscribed 
below : " May your Christmas dinner choke you 
and the new year see you in hell." Commenting on 
this in his paper, Mr. Labouchere says: "I am 
really grateful, because it is witty." 

Club V - 

Specialties |, 

The inventory and appraisement of the estate of 
the late Emma L. S. Mangels has been filed. 
The estate is appraised at $498,922 95, and con- 
sists largely of Hawaiian sugar, Spring Valley, 
and railroad stocks, real estate, and personal be- 

— Dr. Parker's Cough Cure — a sovereign 
remedy. One dose will stop a cough. It never 
fails. Try it. Price, accents. George Dahlbender 
& Co., 214 Kearny Street. 

»An Invention to Delight the Taste" 

Country Club Luncheon Specialties 

Veal Cutlets, Pork Cutlets, Veal Loat Chiekeni 
Fricassee, Chicken a la Marengo, Sliced Chicken and- 1 
Tongue, Tenderloin of Beef. Macedoine Stew, 

Products of our new Scientific Kltcoen, depleting 
the .highest accomplishment of culinary art. 



EXTRA — The Great Concert Event of the Season. 

nr 1 tnnuuno ur Thursday, January i 7 th. 

The Superb Prima Donna Soprano, 


(Antoinette TrebelH) 
Robert Clarance Newell, Accompanist. 

New and Brilliant Programmes. 
Reserved Seats— $1.50, $1.00, and 50c. Ready Thursday. 

Commencing This Sunday Afternoon. Fitz & Webster, 

Present Their Hilariously Funny Concoction of 

Mirth and Merriment, 

-:- A BREEZY TIME -:- 

Popular Prices. Commencing Monday Night, Jan. 21st. 
Special Engagement of Mrs. Fiske, in "Becky Sharp." 
Prices — $2.00, Si. 50, $1.00, and 50c. 


Sam Lockhart's Baby Elephants, First Appearance in 

California ; Eugene O'Rourke and Compi iy ; 

Billy Link; tbe Olracs; J. F. Crosby. Jr. ; 

Inez Forman and Company ; the 

Willy Colinis ; Master Joseph 

Snntley ; and the Great 

American Biograph. 

Reserved seats, 25c; Balcony, 10c; Opera Chairs and 

Box seats, 50c. Matinees Wednesday, Saturday, and 

Sunday. ^ 

Only Fonr Days Bemaiu for the Sale of Seats 

— FOR — 



To be Given Next Month at Metropolitan Hall. 
Seats on Sale at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s Store, Kearny 
and Sutter Streets. 


1900-Wint er Me eting-1901. 

California Jockey Club 

Dec. 3 1st to Jan. 19th, inclusive. 


Racing Monday, Tuesday, "Wednesday, 
Thursday, Friday, Saturday. Rain or Shine. 

Races start at 2:15 P. M. sharp. *J) 

Ferry-boats leave San Francisco at 12 M., and 12:30, 1:00, 
1:30, 2:00, 2:30, and 3:00 p.m., connecting with trains stop- 
ping at the entrance to the track. Last two cars on 
trains reserved for ladies and their escorts ; no smoking. 
Buy your ferry tickets to Shell Mound. All trains via 
Oakland Mole connect with San Pablo Avenue electric 
cars at Seventh and Broadway, Oakland ; also all 
trains via Oakland Mole connect with San Paolo Avenue 
cars at 14th and Broadway, Oakland. These electric 
cars go direct to the track in fifteen minutes. 

Returning — Trains leave tbe track at 4:15 and 4:45 P. M. 
and immediately after the last race. 
R. B. Milroy. Sec. Thomas H. Williams, Jr., Pres. 


SCENIC RAILWAY. (Via Sausalito Ferry.) 
Leave San Francisco, commencing Sept. 30, 1900. 
WEEK DAYS— 9:15 a. m., 1:45 and 4:00 
p. in. 

SUNDAYS — 8:00, 10:00, 11:30 a.m., and 
1:15 p. m. 

New Tavern of Tamalpais now open. 
ROUND TRIP from San Francisco, SI. 40 

Dividend Notice. 


232 Sansome Street, San Francisco, 

Has for the year ending December 31, 1900, declared 
a dividend of five per cent, per annum on ordinary 
deposits and six per cent, on term deposits. 

WM. COKMN, Secretary. 1 

January 14, 1901 




It is doubtful if there is another city in the world 
which enjoyed such an array of remarkable attrac- 
tions at the theatre and opera as was offered to 
New York on New- Year's Eve. Ada Rehan made 
her re-appearance at the Knickerbocker Theatre in 
Paul Kesier's comedy, "Sweet Nell of Old Drury," 
after an absence of nearly two years ; Viola Allen 
presented Lorimer Stoddard's dramatization of F. 
Marion Crawford's latest novel, " In the Palace of 
the King " : the Empire Theatre Company, headed 
by Margaret Anglin and Charles Richman, opened 
its season in Henry Arthur Jones's brilliant society 
drama. " Mrs. Dane's Defense" ; E. S. Willard, the 
noted English actor, appeared at the Garden in 
"David Garrick"; and, most important of all, 
Jean de Reszke. the popular tenor, re-appeared at 
the Metropolitan Opera House in the title-/-<?/<r of 
" Lohengrin." 

Ever since the news of this wonderful singer's 
vocal indisposition last spring in London, rumors, 
gossip, falsehood, and absurdities of all sorts have 
confused popular judgment and filled the multitudes 
who admire the gifted Pole with mingled sorrow 
and amazement." Says Franklyn Fyles in the New 
York Sun : 

The crowded opera-house contained a fair ad- 
mixture of the kind of persons who enjoy bull- 
baiting and watch, with eager and instant eyes, the 
man who climbs steeples for purely practical pur- 
poses. The tiny nerve in human nature that always 
throbs at the spectacle of a possible cruel death, has 
not been altogether stifled by the Higher Civiliza- 
tion. And the loyal ones were also there, the men 
and women who would have applauded Jean de 
Reszke if he but moved across the canvas, a fascinat- 
ing though .voiceless apparition. Happily for every 
one concerned, and also for the peace of musical 
nations, the tenor returns to us Jean de Reszke ; his 
face is a trifle thinner, but his voice is in its normal 
mellifluous condition." 

Says the critic of the New York Evening Post : 

" It is strictly against Wagnerian etiquette to ap- 
plaud while the music is going on. But every rule 
has its exception, and so on this occasion the full- 
blooded Wagnerites joined in the deafening applause 
which greeted the Polish tenor when he came on 
the stage. In the good old times a tenor, under the 
circumstances, would have left his swan-boat, rushed 
to the footlights, and indulged in a series of panto- 
mimic expressions of gratitude. But Wagner has 
civilized the tenors, like all the other operatic 
factors. Jean de Reszke - did not step out of his 
frame anv more than Niemann once did uqder 
similar circumstances. He began his farewell to 
the swan, and ere he had sung six bars the fact was 
established that the London rumors were once more I 
proven false. He could not have chosen an opera 
more critical and trying ; for in this scene the tenor j 
sings with little support from the orchestra, so that 
the slightest flaw in voice or method stands out con- t 
spicuously. But there were no flaws. The sweet ! 
melody was sung with as pure a voice, as faultless ■ 
phrasing as at any time ; and when the opera was ' 
over, at 1 1 230, the fact was clear that Jean de Reszke j 
had remained to the end the greatest tenor of the 
nineteenth century, and that he would set a standard 
for the twentieth which coming generations will find j 
it difficult to five up to. 

"Neither in sensuous, beauty of timbre nor in 1 
sonority has Jean de Reszke's voice suffered the 
slightest deterioration ; while in the more important 
qualities of emotional expression, eloquent phras- j 
ing, and distinct enunciation his art is more admir- 
able than ever. In hearing him sing, we realize [ 
clearly what Wagner meant when he wrote : ' My [ 
declamation is at the same time song, and my song I 
declamation." If Wagner could have found such | 
singers fifty years ago, the ludicrous charge that 
there is no melody in his vocal parts could never 
have been made ; nor would any one have ever 
found it necessary to buy a libretto to follow the 
music. Literally, every word is distinctly under- 
standable when he sings, and this adds immensely 
to one's enjoyment of these operas. But it is not 
necessary to know German to enjoy his art. Even 
those who had but a vague idea of the plot of the 
opera must have been moved last evening by the 
sincerity and depth of his emotional expression in 
the farewell to the swan, the declaration of love, 
the love duo, the sad strains when Elsa's folly and 
disobedience compel him to leave her, and his bio- 
graphic monologue. Bayreuth has never witnessed 
the Wagnerian ideal realized so perfectly as it is in 
the Lohengrin of Jean de ReszkeV' 

Hillary Bell, of the New York Press, estimates 
that at least five thousand people assembled in the 
Metropolitan Opera House, and that the receipts 
reached at least 516,000 for this single performance. 
He adds: 

'* Every night that Jean sings will be profitable to 
the management. His salary is larger than that 
ever received by any other tenor, but he is worth the 
money. The other tenors — Van Dyck, Saleza, 
Dippel, and Cremonini — are excellent singers, but 
they exert little magnetism over the public. Put 
them all in a cast together and the receipts would 
not run over $10,000. Let Jean de Reszke's name 
be announced and the box-office takes in from 
512.000 to 518.000. He is the most profitable invest- 
ment of grand opera. Yet there is nothing bril- 
liant in his voice. He reaches the high C with 

" In the mere matter of laryngeal pyrotechnics, 
Saleza can eclipse him. M.Jean is never startling. 
He never lifts people out of their chairs as Tamagno 
did with his wonderful note in ' Di quella pira,' nor 
lulls the senses into enchantment as Melba does in 
the mad scene from ' Lucia.' The best that may be 
said of M. Jean is that his art remains perfect. He 
is the supreme master of his voice, which is a pleas- 

ing, tender, eloquent, and beautiful voice, although 
it is neither brilliant nor powerful. He is a romantic 
and refined actor. His face is by no means so hand- 
some as the countenance of Signor Cremonini, but 
he has a fine figure, bears himself with dignity, and 
wears operatic costumes better than any man on the 
stage. He surpasses all his companions at the opera 
in personal magnetism. The moment he enters the 
scene every lorgnette is leveled at him. and wherever 
he stands that is the centre of the stage. He has 
more men friends than women friends, yet, piqued 
possibly at his indifference, the ladies adore him, and 
continue to wish, Uke Desdemona. that heaven had 
made them such a man. The prima donnas love 
him tenderly, and when ihey get a chance the con- 
traltos kiss him. The critics are unanimous in his 
praise, and Maurice Grau maintains by rede and 
book that there never was. could, or should be a 
tenor to equal Jean de ReszkeV' 

With the exception of Jean de Reszke as Lohen- 
grin, and Herr Bertram as Telramund (instead of 
David Bispham), the cast of the opera was practi- 
cally the same as when it was given in this city at 
the Grand Opera House. Mme. Nordica was the 
Elsa, Mme. Schuman- Heink the Ortrud. Herr 
Miihlmann the Herald, and Edouard de Reszke the 
King. _ 


monologist. who has forsaken minstrelsy for the 

vaudeville stage. 

Those retained from this week's bill are the five 

Olracs. whose grotesque aciobatic antics are little 

short of phenomenal ; J. F. Crosby, Jr. ; Inez 

Forman and company in a " A Model Heiress." by 

Si U. Collins, an Eastern newspaper man ; the 

Willy Colinis, dancers ; Joe Santley, the boy singer ; 

and the Biograph. 

■ ♦ ■ 

The former residence of the late Horace Hawes. 

on the north side of Folsom Street, between Ninth 

and Tenth Streets, is being torn down to make place 

for the erection of nine fiats by his daughter, Mrs. 

James A. Robinson. 

*' A Breezy Time" at the California. 

" Human Hearts," the realistic Arkansas drama, 
will give way at the California Theatre on Sunday 
afternoon to Fitz and Webster's rollicking farce- 
comedy entitled "A Breezy Time." It is a hodge- 
podge of entertaining nonsense, and although it has 
been on tour for twelve seasons, will be seen here for 
the first time. It has an abundance of pretty girls, 
we are assured, and is sprinkled with a wealth of 
amusing specialties. 

On Monday, January 21st, Mrs. Fiske will 
open her season in this city at the California 
Theatre. It is many years since she was in this city, 
and her repertoire includes a number of notable 
plays which have never been given here. Since her 
return to the stage four years ago. Mrs. Fiske has 
created several notable roles and scored hits in 
many interesting revivals. Her repertoire includes 
the parts of Nora in " A Doll's House," Marie 
Deloche in "The Queen of Liars" (La Menteuse). 
Cesarine in "La Femme de Claude," Madeline in 
"Love Finds the Way" (Marguerite Merington's 
adaptation of the German play, "Das Recht auf 
Gluck"), Cyprienne in " Divorcons," " Magda," 
Gilberte in " Frou-Frou," and the one-act plays, 
" Little Italy," " A Bit of Old Chelsea," " A Light 
from St. Agnes." "Not Guilty." and "A White 
Pink." In the spring of 1897 she made a great hit in 
Lorimer Stoddard's dramatization of Hardy's "Tess 
of the D'Urbervilles." The success of Mrs. Fiske "s 
career, however, is her latest play, " Becky Sharp." 
founded on Thackeray's " Vanity Fair." which will 
form the principal feature of her engagement here. 

Second Week of "Way Down East." 
William A. Brady's production of Lottie Blair • 
Parker's pastoral idyl, "Way Down East," is prov- | 
ing a strong attraction at the Columbia Theatre, and 
will enter on its second week on Monday night. 
The play tells an interesting story, the stage effects 
are all exceptionally good and their manipulation 
reflects great credit upon the management, and the 
quartet music adds much to the picture. 

"Way Down East" will be followed by Louis 
James and Kathryn Kidder and their large com- 
pany of players in a magnificent revival of " A 
Midsummer Night's Dream." The Eastern press 
has been very eulogistic in its criticism of this pro- 

"Cinderella" Still Popular. 

One more week and then the pretty holiday 
spectacle, " Cinderella," is to be withdrawn from 
the Tivoli Opera House stage. It is without doubt 
the most amusing melange of amusing topical 
songs, pretty ballets, catchy choruses, and stirring 
finales which has been presented at this popular 
house for many a day. The dancing frogs, toads, 
dogs, and cats, and the animated sunflowers prove a 
constant delight to the little ones, who should not 
be allowed to miss this treat. 

De Koven's "The Fencing Master," in which 
Marie Tempest achieved a great success in this 
country and which was last given here with 
Dorothy Morton in the \iWe-rdle, is to be the next 

The Orpheum's Excellent Bill. 
The leading act of the Orpheum's bill next week 
will be Sam Lockhart's baby elephants. Lockhart 
has had remarkable success in training his elephants, 
and they are expected to prove a strong attraction. 
The other new-comers are Eugene O'Rourke, a 
clever comedian, who, with the assistance of Rose 
Braham and company, will present Edmund Daly's 
latest success, " Parlor A " ; and Billy Link, the 



"The best preparation for cold-, coH^hs, 
and asthma." 
SIRS. S. A. WATSON', Temperance Lecturer. 
'* Pre-eminentlr the best.'* 


— Order by a telegram has been ke- 
ceived by the Pattosien Company, corner Sixteenth 
and Mission, from Mr. Pattosien who now is in 
New York, to sell out the entire stock at once to 
make room for car-loads of carpels, furniture, rugs, 
and lace-curtains, everything therefore has been 
marked still lower. Buyers should not delay as 
these chances don't come every day. 


Merchant Princes and Commercial Captains 
of the Future. 

These Young People Are Ready for the 
Competitive Struggle 

For They Are Equipped With a Practical 

Secured at a Great Metropolitan Training 

A School That Not Only Provides a Wage-Earning 
Education, but Also Sends Hundreds of 
its Students to Good Positions An- 
nually, Many of Them Be- 
fore Graduating. 

Heald's Business College Graduates 

For the Term Ending December 31, 1900. 

Following is a list of the students who completed 
the course indicated at Heald's Business College 
for the term ending December 31, 1900. The de- 
mand for the graduates of this school this year has 
been the greatest in the school's history. Between 
250 and 300 of its trained students have gone to 
positions this year. In addition to these, about 100 
calls came to the college that could not be rilled. 

The demand for young men with a knowledge of 
stenography and book-keeping has exceeded the 
number of graduates by from ten to twenty per 

This list does not include the names of pupils who, 
for various causes, did not take the final examination 
necessary for a diploma. Nearly all the graduates 
from the Civil, Electrical, and Mining Engineering 
Department are in employment or working for 

Graduates whose names are marked thus * 

are already in employment. Nearly all of 

these positions were secured by the school. 

Business Department. 

Edgar C. Emigb, Rio Vista ; "Arthur C. Iversen, Ciiy; 
*Roy C. Higgins, City ; Horace A. Weed. Sissons ; 
*Sophie Hansen, City; "M C. Casey, Menlo Park; 
Sapuji Koiso, Tokio, Japan; "May Desmond, Virginia 
City, Nev.; 'George Strauch, Sacramento; *M. S. 
Taber, Tacoma, Wash.; "Frank J. Pearce, Juneau, 
Alaska; 'James McDonougb, Forest Hill; Maynard N. 
Young, Alexander Valley; Philip G. Myer, Colusa: 
"George H. Coolidee. Fniitvale ; "Albert Galvin, Gulnda ; 
"Mary Josephine O'Keefe. City: *Madalena M. Lago- 
marsino. City; "E. R. Hardin, Pleasanton ; R. M. 
Basham, San Lucas; Archie R. Locev, Chico ; "Henry 
Edwin Lark, Oakland ; "Richard William Curtis, City ; 
J. Lester Hamilton. Red Bluff; "George J. Jamieson, 
Anacortes, Wash.; "Estella Riley, San Diego: "Thomas 
R. Diamond. Virginia City, Nev.; "Louis Abrams, Han- 
ford ; "Leonard J. Wehrmao, Tahoe City; "James W. 
Stewart, Bridgeport ; Edith A. McDonald, Concord ; 
•Edna G. Bullard, Red Bluff; "Edmund H. Erasseil, 
Watsonville ; "Anna M. DeVoto, Novato ; Fred O. Adler, 
Honolulu, H. L: "Charles N. Marquez. Honolulu, H. I.: 
•Louis Jennings, City; "James G.Clark, Jerome, Ariz.; 
"Joseph D. Lewis, San Leandro ; John P. Cannon. City; 
lames J. Donnelly, San Rafael; Frank Rosenthal, City ; 
Joseph E. Perry, Suisun ; Ira R. Morison, Forest Ranch ; 
"Fred Erwin Saucier, Salt Lake ; "Charles E. Stowe. 
Oakland: Narciso . A. Martini, Blenheim; "William 
Charles Tippett, Grass Valley; W. D. Myers, Olema ; 
Annetta Gosgrove, City ; *F. M. Beardley, City : "Lydia 
Comerford, City; "Austin Ferguson, Dixon; John W. 
Barnes. Superior, Neb.; William J. Blake, Virginia City, 
Nev.; 'Camil S. Falk, Santa Paula ; "Louis Stevenson, 
Elfdalem, Sweden ; Manuel Lopez, San Luis Obispo ; 
"Morris L. Samter, City ; "Thomas P. Emigh, Oakland ; 
*F. A. Dunn, Mt. Angel, Or.; "George J. Maurer, 
Visalia ; Julius J. Krohn, Coarsegrove ; Lawrence A. 
Cobb, NewvWe ; George Steventon, City ; Edward H. 
Granz, Fresno; "Charles Riwotzky, City; Herman E. 
Wicker, City ; Emily Eggleston, Martinez ; *G. L. 
Baraty. City; "John McNaughton, Crockett; C. G. 
Cooper, Mariposa ; "Gertrude R. Brokaw, Grafton ; 
Ralph A. Belden, Santa Rosa; John A. Peters, City; 
Dave L. Breslauer, City ; Ransom C. Miles, Sunol : *V. 
Joseph Rafael, Petal uma : "Alexander Stewart. Cayucos: 
Emily J. Lapachet, City ; Sidney G. Herzog, San Rafael ; 
Dave M. Stevens, Ross Station ; P. R. Hayes. Castro- 
vflle; Josie Wieland, Alameda; Clarence E. Shcarin, 
MniviUe; "Alice MacQuillan. City; "Nicholas P. Ric- 
□ecker, Alameda ; Julia Harrington, Oakland ; Charles J. 
Vail, City ; Leon Bejlhes, City. 

"Anna Deeney, City; 'Ethel G. Down;. City; "Logan 
W. Eib. Williams; "Calvin C. Fib, Williams; Fannie 
Freeman, City ; "Carrol C. Finnegan, Truckee ; "Chester 
S. Floyd, Melrose; "Robert J. Graham. City: "Stella M. 
Hail, Quincy ; "Gertie B. Heywcod, Berkeley ; "Sophie 
Hansen, City ; "Gregory D. Hignera, Vacaville ; "Annie 
Jackson, Oakland ; 'Florence Jackson, City- ; 'Joseph W. 
Kenney. Oakland ; "Ida Lewis, Alameda : 'Juliette Levy, 
City: "Jennie Lkhtig, City: "Wilhelmina Ltchtenstedt, 
City; 'A. E. Larson, City; *Forrest E. Mitchell, Olean- 
der; ".Minnie E. Maxwell, Santa Cruz; "William Mc- 
Mutlen, City ; "Geo. W. Mumaw. Grove. Ohio : "Mary 
McGrath. City; "Hilda C. Marshall, City; "fas. E. 
Morrow, Bi^gs : "Mary MariUen. Modesto ; 'Tilfie Mar- 
tt/cn. Modesto; Fred. H. Nagel, Presidio; *Wm. T. 
O'Neil. Petaluma : "Marguerite O'Donnell. City : "Myrtia 
Riley, Red Bluff ; "Ethel Schant*. City ; "Clarence Smith, 
Wallace, Idaho ; May L. Smith, City ; "Myrtle E. Scam- 
mon. Dhnond ; "Cariie I. Tomlinson. City; 'Loretta A. 
Tucker. Bak-rsfield; "Lorluta J. Wolfe." City ; "Fred. 
Wilson. City ; "Herbert Watson, Toronto, Canada ; 
"Ray Fitch. Millford; Elva F. Benner, Globe, Arizona ; 
•FKvin Banks. San Luis Obispo: 'Elfreda L. Brooks, 
City : 'Etta. M. Buxton, Stewartville : "George A. 
Bofinger, Red Bluff; "Nellie Birmingham, Suisun ; 
"Anna Benson, City ; "Herbert Lee Cox, Glendorg ; 
"Geo. R. Capp, Stockton; Lydia Comerford, City; 
"Anna M. de Voto. Novato : ; May Desmond, City; 
"Edyth G. Driskell, Dimond : "Austin S. Ferguson, 
Dixon ; C. S. Falk, City ; *Oscar Gnibe, Oakla ; "Arthur 
S. Hendricks. City : "Rena M. Hertzler. City ; "Joey 
Harris, Millvflle ; "Florence Jackson, City; "Ida May 
James, Golden Gate ; "Elizabeth Johnson, City ; "P-ter 

B. Kyne. Half Moon Bay; "Rose G. Kalisky. City ; 
"Manon J. Lane. City ; "Leonie Largenti, City; "Maggie 
Leonard. City; "Madalena Lagomarsino, City; "Flora 
McDonnell, Alameda : "Evah E. Moore. City; Minnie 

C. Mooser, City ; "Mary A. Nolan, City ; 'Mary O'Keefe. 
City ; 'Alfred Peterson. Alameda ; 'Anson Peterson, Oak- 
land ; "Estella Riley, City ; 'Alexander Stewart, Cap. 
cos ; 'Hazel H. Shaw, Kenwood ; "Arthur W. Studley. 
San Rafael ; "Lottie'K. Spies, East Oakland ; "Margaret 
A. Thomas. City ; *Lena L. Tietjen. City ; "Clara L. 
Trowbridge, City ; *Emma Underwood, Alameda : "Mav 
R. WyckorT. Ukiah ; "La Verne W. James, Golden Gate'; 
Ida M. Thing, City ; Helen G. Barker, City. 

Shorthand Department. 
*Wm. F. Baird, Fresno; "Roy Barton, City; "Luther 
S. Brown, Lemore; Grace Butler, City; "Ralph M. But- 
ler, Napa; "Clarence Broback, Ukiah; "May Casey. 
Menlo Park ; "John G. Coode, London, Eng. ; "Gertrude 
Coates, Rohnerville; "Roy K. Cooper, Seattle; "Thomas 
F. Curran, Redwood City ; "Nellie A. DanieUon, Suisun ; 

Electrical Engineering Department. 
*H. A. Wallace, City ; "Christopher Shaw, City ; S. C. 
Curtis, City; Raymond Church, Petaluina; Hans Drews, 
City ; "Wm. Brannan, Virginia City, Nev. ; A. Hen- 
dricks, City ; Clyde E. Brown, Carbon ; Samuel Brewster, 
Carbon; 'Joseph Kleber, City; A. Frenler, Oakland; 
Thomas Handley, Lakeview, Oregon ; J. A. Boyle, Lorin ; 
J. E. Jaqu'tsh, Cedarville ; *F. S. Beckett, Grisly Hat ; 
"Clifton BaQev, Virginia City, Nev. ; *L. W. Simpson, 
City ; *E. Christ. City : H. F. Knox, Virginia City, 
Nev. ; Wm. Mazuire, City ; *J. A. Brice, Stockton ; *W. 
J. Cove, City ; 'Lyman McDou^all, City ; *H. Freaden- 
thal, City. 

Civil and Mining Engineering Department. 
'Alfred E. Riter, "Chancellor H. Lidell. Everett Tow- 
son. "Wallace R. Wing, "Arnold S. Langley, "Edward 
A. Steinberg, Arthur J. O'Kieffe. Frank M. Woods, I. J. 
Sullivan. Lewis Backlev, Fred Watts. Albert Kaelin, 
'Charles J. Hamilton, "Daniel W. Albert. W. H. Sheetz, 
T. J. Maynard, "Balies E. Clark,"*Jos. A. Brice. Arthur 
L. Hendricks. ♦Charles Gall, Clarence E. Rufert, Geo. 
G. Gates, Jr., "Francis Fitzsimmons, Jr., 'Henry Daerck- 
sen, 'Clayton H. Tinsley. 

The Following Students Were Sent to Posi- 
tions Before Graduating. 

F. C. Willson. Wm. L. Ford. L. Scheeline, R. F. Chris- 
tian, Alva Fischer. Wm. F. Baird, Ethel M. Schantz, 
Chester C. Pedlar, Lloyd Edwards, Geo. Jorgensen, Geo. 
Manning, Geo. E. Garcia. Josephine Rahlman, Edith A. 
Helfrich, Jos. J. Lyons, R.N.Davis, Robt. J. Graham. 
H. B. Ames, R. M. Buder, Enrique ArgWlles. A. I. 
Burton. Jas. D. Hedge. S. F. Carey, A. E. Kellom. Maud 
Pennington, H. F. Eckert, F. Dooling, B. C. Kious, J. 
E. Morrow, Myrtle Scammoni Robt. Fowler, Rollo 
Smith, Alfred R. Needles, L. S. Brown, A. Waters, E. L. 
Hiteman. A. E. Larsen, A. B. Schell, Wm. E. Gilman, 
Chas. Clark. P. B. Kyne, Margaret Leonard. Geo. M. 
Davis. J. J. Donnelly, Frank Louden, Joey Harris. Guy 
Masoo, Ida M. lames. Chas. H. Cooper, Jas. M. Whar- 
ton, E. J. Banks. Walter Kohn, Julia Wollenber^. I. M. 
Argabrite, Maud Brown, Ralph Thompson, Edward 
Meyer, Anna Benson, George Keating, L. A. La Point. 



Today, tomorrow, 
and the next day, 
if spent on this 
great train, will 
land you in 
Chicago, and on 
the way you are 
dined like a prince. 
San Francisco to 
Chicago, on the 

Santa Fe 


Awarded at Paris 



. Highest recommendations for cure of Poomess/J 
of Blood, Stomach troubles and General De- I 
bility. Increases the appeiite. strengthens J 
\ the nerves and builds up theentire system. 

22 me Drouot 


V. TV" --it;: .'. CO. 

Aeenta. -V.Y. 


January 14, igoi. 



All the world's a wardrobe, 
And all the girls and women merely wearers. 
They have their fashions and their fantasies, 
And one she in her times wears many garments 
Throughout her seven stages. First the baby, 
Befrilled and broidered, in her nurse's arms. 
And then the trim-hosed school-girl, with her 

And small - boy scorning face, tripping, skirt- 
Coquettishly to school. And then the flirt, 
Ogling like Circe, with a business azillade 
Kept on her low-cut corset. Then a bride, 
Full of strange finery, vestured like an angel, 
Veiled vaporously, yet vigilant of glance, 
Seeking the woman's heaven — admiration — 
Even at the altar's steps. And then the matron, 
In fair rich velvet, with suave satin lined, 
With eyes severe, and skirts of youthful cut, 
Full of dress-saws and modish instances, 
To teach her girls their part. The sixth age shifts 
Into the gray yet gorgeous grandmamma, 
With gold pince-nez on nose, and fan at side, 
Her youthful tastes still strong, and worldly wise 
In sumptuary law, her quivering voice 
Prosing of fashion and Le Follet, pipes 
Of robes and bargains rare. Last scene of all, 
That ends the sex's Mode-swayed history, 
Is second childishness and sheer oblivion 
Of youth, taste, passion, all— save love of dress. 

— Ex. 

" An old New Yorker " takes exception to Bishop 
Potter's remarks about the extravagant display of 
the society leaders of the metropolis, and declares 
that most of the elaborate descriptions of so-called 
social " functions" are chiefly fiction, manufactured 
by the yellow journals. "In those papers flaring 
and largely imaginary pictures of balls, receptions, 
weddings, and what-not are printed almost daily," 
he says, " and the faces of ' social queens ' and ' so- 
ciety buds ' are made to fill whole pages. With 
them goes text prepared in a way (and perhaps with 
a purpose) to provoke hostile public sentiment or to 
excite public derision. Gowns, jewels, even lingerie 
are described with a particularity and an emphasis 
which could not be exceeded in the record and de- 
scription of great events of international impor- 
tance. A mere dancing-party for young people 
under the supervision of bored elders (for that is 
about all the social * function ' most elaborately 
pictured usually is}, is treated as an affair of tre- 
mendous significance. Dresses which are only the 
conventional costumes for such occasions are de- 
scribed as if they were ' creations ' novel in the 
world and peculiar to this time, when really, barring 
changes in fashions, they are substantially the same 
as they always were. That is, the vulgarity of the 
display is in the description rather than the society. 
Amusements and social recreations and entertain- 
ments which are and always have been inseparable 
from social intercourse and in themselves have no 
more significance or importance as public manifesta- 
tions than a boy's game of marbles or a girl's play 
with her doll-house, are written about as if they were 
of serious moment. People who in themselves or 
their careers have shown nothing entitling them to 
distinction are paraded and pictured as if they were 
heroes and heroines of fascinating interest for the 
public. Houses which are not distinguishable in the 
character of their appointments from the abodes of 
rich people generally are ^escribed as if^theywere 
palaces as imposing in decoration as in historical 
association. The coiSjinonplace, in fine, is elevated 
into prominence. Social expenditure, which is 
merely within the average 'of this country by people 
who have large incomes, and below the average in 
England, for instance, is spoken of as marvelous 

social functions and ordinary people elevated into 
notoriety as if they were splendid characters of 
world-wide interest and importance. New York has 
become a great capital. People who make money 
in any part of America tend to gravitate hither as 
the best place on this side of the Atlantic in which 
to buy amusement or obtain notable social conse- 
quence on account of it. A multitude of visitors are 
always here for the special purpose of buying in our 
markets and enjoying the amusements of the town. 
They fill the theatres and the public restaurants and 
the shops. So, also, we have a considerable circle 
whose business is hunting for pleasure. But none 
of these make up New York in its best social de- 
velopment, though they are all welcome, for they 
distribute money and make profitable trade." 

" The .truth," continues this indignant New 
Yorker, "is that ; the peculiarity with American 
fortunes, one of the reasons for their rapid accumu- 
lation, is that relatively to incomes in the United 
States the expenditure is small. After a man has 
provided himself with a house of sufficient size, he 
can make a social display which will appall these 
newspapers by an expenditure of comparatively little 
money in addition to his regular household outlay. 
The families in New York who spend lavishly as 
compared with their incomes or relatively to the ex- 
penditures of great English entertainers, for ex- 
ample, are few in number ; I even question if any at 
all are to be found. Our scale is low rather than 
high. At any rate, the number of rich Americans 
who live on the mere income of their income is not 
small. Of course, American fortunes accumulate 
rapidly under such circumstances. Their possessors 
are not charged with the obligations of expenditure, 
social and traditional, which tax aristocratic owners 
of great English estates who are compelled to it by 
public opinion whether they enjoy the display or it 
irks them. Here a rich man does as he chooses 
with his money and usually he piles it up rather 
than scatters abroad any share of it large enough to 
prevent the rapid accumulation of his fortune. It is 
all nonsense to talk about the profuseness of our 
rich. They don't spend enough. Their relative mag- 
nificence is nut astonishing. The trouble is in the 
vulgar prominence given to such conventional social 
demonstration as they 'make, as if it was something 
unheard 6f ,11 the world, ordinary dancing-parties 
being lifted ; 'nto seeming distinction as tremendous 

According to a correspondent of the Baltimore 
American, Queen Wilhelmina's fiance'e is the least 
handsome of the noted brothers Mecklenburg- 
Schwerin. Gossip whispers that the duke was taken 
by surprise when Wilhelmina singled him out of all 
the princes at the German court, and yet it was not 
the first time that he has been admired by royal 
ladies. It is said that the pretty Princess Helena of 
Russia suddenly broke her engagement with Max of 
Baden because she hoped to persuade her parents to 
let her marry the stout blonde young duckling 
whom Wilhelmina has selected ; and the youngest 
daughter of the Duke of Edinburgh has loved the 
duke in vain. In short, Heinrich of Mecklenburg- 
Schwerin is a good deal of a lady-killer, and he 
knows it. Fat and plain of face and, for a royal 
person, distinctly poverty-stricken, he has a fascina- 
tion for womankind, the sort of fascination that 
there is no use trying to explain, because it is not 
perceptible to any but the persons fascinated. One 
of the men who possessed this faculty to a most sur- 
prising degree was Napoleon Bonaparte's rival 
in the affections of Marie Louise, the infamous 
and all-powerful Neipperg. He was an ugly, one- 
eyed creature, with small abilities, and yet smaller 
fortune, and he had broken many hearts about the 
Austrian court before Marie Louise saw and fell 
furiously in love with him. With everything to 
lose and nothing to gain by her encouragement of 
the man, she left no stone unturned until she was 
able to make herself Neipperg's wife. In the eyes 
of the world it was a terrible degradation for the 
widow of the French emperor to become the wife 
of an Austrian count, but she cared not a whit what 
the world said, as was the case with the women who 
ran after the ugly spendthrift Wilkes and the mad 
Due de Richelieu. Wilkes was famous in his day 
all over England, not only as lord mayor and 
chamberlain and a very loud-talking patriot, but as 
the ugliest man of his time and the most admired 
by the women. He flouted and ill-treated all of 
them, with the exception of his daughter, but it had 
not -the desired effect of cooling their affections. 
As to the Due de Richelieu, though men could hot 
tolerate him, when he was shut up in the Bastille 
crowds of women, old and young, rich and poor, 
used to collect every day at the hour when he took 
his exercise on the parapets and adore him from a 
distance, and deplore the incarceration of so charm- 
ing a person, 

The latest fad in charitable entertainments is the 
" Rummage Sale," which is said to be sweeping over 
the country like a cyclone, and will doubtless reach 
San Francisco before many weeks. When it is de- 
sired to pay a church debt, or to raise money for any 
worthy charity, instead of getting up a church fair, 
a tea, a strawberry-party, or theatricals, those inter- 
ested are asked to contribute something from their 
house — the attic is usually the place specified — 
" something you don't want, you know." The result 
is a room filled with unique " middle aged " things, 
nothing old enough to be valuable or new enough to 
be useful. The contributions include autoharps, art 
squares, accordions, alphabetical blocks, artificial 
flowers, bagpipes, busts, bicycles, books, baby- 
jumpers, bonnets, canary-cages, coats, chairs, clocks, 
chafing-dishes, decanters, dog-baskets, dresses, door- 
knobs, dress-suits, engravings, egg-beaters, furniture, 
fiddles, forks, glass, gloves, gas-stoves, ginger-jars, 
hunting-boots, hour-glasses, hoes, and so on down 
the alphabet, until a second-hand department store 
is slowly evolved out of the apparent chaos, with the 
managers and their friends as saleswomen, and the 
general public as purchasers. Every rummage sale 
is bound to be a success, on account of its supreme 
cheapness, its disproportionate receipts, and because 
it appeals to two of the most fundamental instincts 
of the human heart — the instinct for hoarding useless 
articles, and the primal passion for bargains. 

W. S. Hunt, an admirer of the Argonaut in Lon- 
don, sends us an article clipped from the London 
Daily Mail in which a pseudonymous writer, who 
signs himself ' ' Jacques," discusses the strange vogue 
of creased trousers, which is popularly supposed in 
the British metropolis to be one of the many 
products of American ingenuity. "To think," the 
writer says, " that the vertical crease, which is now 
the stamp of fashion, was once the stigma of shab- 
biness I Some years ago no respectable man would 
have dreamed of wearing trousers with that crease 
in them, because it was then the hall-mark of the 
ready-made pair of trousers. Ready-made pairs of 
trousers used to get that crease into them simply by 
being put upon the shelf, and the weight of the 

trousers on the top pressed the underneath ones. 
At present, men are divided into two classes, the 
class with trousers that have the immaculate crease, 
and the class whose trousers grow baggy at the 
knees. The man who has the noble aspiration to 
keep his trousers in proper shape must begin by 
having at least seven pairs. He should make up 
his mind that he will keep a different pair of trous- 
ers for each day of the week. Why not found a 
benevolent organization, to be called 'The League 
of the Seven Pairs,' and guarantee to any aspiring 
man this quantity of trousers for a small weekly 
subscription ? But there is one perfection, it seems, 
to which no century can attain. Idealists cling to 
the belief that trousers can be made precisely as 
they appear in the fashion-plates. However, there 
never have been such trousers, never will be, and if 
it were possible to make them they wouldn't look 
well. You must remember that if you had a pair 
of fashion-plate trousers on you wouldn't be able 
to move a limb without spoiling the general effect. 
You would have to occupy yourself by standing 
rigidly still all day. Are there not devotees of 
beauty to whom rigid stillness is a natural pose ? 
With a little encouragement from public opinion 
they would wear the statuesque trousers, and bear 
the slings and arrows as stoutly as St. Simeon Sty- 
lites on his pillar." 


The transactions on the Stock and Bond Ex- 
change for the week ending Wednesday, January 
9, 1901, were as follows : 

Bonds. Closed. 

Shares. Bid. Asked. 

U. S. Coup. 3% 500 @ noJ£ no in 

Bay Counties Co. 5% 13,000 @ 1 04 h 104H 

California St. Ry. 5% 15,000 @ 116 116 

Contra C. Water $%. 5,000 @ io6j^ 106M 

Hawaiian C. & S. 5% 10,000 @ 103M ™3'A 

Los An. Ry. 5% 2,000 @ 111% *"# 

Market St. Ry. 5%. . 9,000 @ 122- i?il4 i«& 122^ 

N. R. ofCal. 6% ©113 112 113 

Oceanic S. Co. 5% . . 49,000 @ loSH-ioS^i 108^ iog 
Sac. Elec. Gas & 

Ry. 5% 6.000 @ 99 100 

S. F. & S. J. Ry. 5% 74.000 @ 120- izo# 120 
S. P. of Ariz. 6%.... 3.00° @ "oJ£ no$£ 

S. P. Branch fi% 1,000 ©131^ *3* 

S. V. Water 4% 2,000 @ 103^ 103 

Stockton G. & E. 6% 2,000 @ 102 102 

Stocks. Closed. 

Water. Shares. Bid. Asked. 

Contra Costa Water.. 350 @ 70^-71 70 

Spring Valley Water . 268 @ 93- 93M 93 93M 

Gas and Electric. 
Equitable Gaslight . . 300 @ z&- 2% z& 3 

Mutual Electric 25 @ 8 7 8K 

Oakland Gas 80 @ 49^ 49X 5° 

Pacific Gas 85 @ 44}^- 45 45 

Pacific Lighting Co.. 5 @ 44 43^ 44 % 

S. F. Gas & Electric. 2,130 @ 44^- 45K 45^ AS Z A 
S. F. Gas 300 © a% 4% AYz 


Anglo-Cal 65 @ 76 76 

Cal. S. D. &T. Co.. 50 @i°5 104 

Street R. R. 
Market St 345 @ 69- 69% 6g 


Giant Con 71 @ 83K- 86 84M WA 

Vigorit 200 @ 3- 3% 3 3^ 


HanaP. Co., 100 ©6% 6% 7 

Hawaiian C. & S 5 @ 88 go 

Honokaa S. Co 130 @ 31- 31^ 31 

Hutchinson 275 © 25M- 25M 25% 

KilaueaS. Co 195 © 20%- 21^ 21% 

Makaweli S. Co 115 @ 4o)£- 41 40^ 41 

OnomeaS. Co 10 © 28 28 28 J4 

Paauhau S. P. Co . . . 220 © 31^-31}^ 31H 3*% 


Alaska Packers no © 123&-124& 125 

Cal. Fruit C. Assn.. . 15 © 103% 103^ 105 

Cal, Wine Assn 75 @ 100 100 

Oceanic S. Co 10 @ 101 zoo 102 

The stock of the San Francisco Gas and Electric 
Company was sold down to 44 J£ on small sales, but 
was stronger at the close, selling up to 45 % on pur- 
chases to fill short sales, over 2,000 shares changing 
hands, the greater portion of which was sold seller, 
probably on account of the seller wishing to hold 
the stock for election purposes. Pacific Gas was 
offered as low as 43. with no takers, but no sales 
were made, and the stock closed at 45 asked. 

Giant Powder was strong and advanced one point 
to 84K. and was in good demand at the advance 
with very little offering. The stock of the California 
Wine Association has been listed on the exchange 
and transactions made at $100, the stock closing at 
100 bid. 

Banks and Insurance. 


Local Stocks and Securities. Refer by permission 
to Wells Fargo & Co. and Anglo-Californian Banks. 


Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

A. W. BLOW & CO. 

Tel. Bush 24. 838 Montgomery Street, 8. F. 


Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

Stock and Bond Broker. 

Telephone Bush 351. 


Hawaiian Trust X Investment Co.,Ltd 

Stocks and Bonds— We buy and sell strictly 
on commission all first-class Hawaiian Stocks and 
Bonds. Members of Honolulu Stock Exchange. 

In General — We are prepared to look after 
property both real and personal, collect and remit 
incomes, and execute any business commission for 
persons residing abroad. 

References— Messrs. Welch & Co., 220 Cali- 
fornia Street, San Francisco, Cal. Bank of Hawaii, 
Limited, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

GKOKGE R. CARTER, Treasurer, 

400 Fort Street, Honolulu, H, I. 


536 California Street, San Francisco. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus * 3,263,559.17 

Capital actually paid up in cash 1,000,000.00 

Deposits December 31, 1900 29,589,864.13 

OFFICERS— President, B. A. Bhckhr; First Vice- 
President, Daniel Mkyer; Second Vice-President, 
H. Horstmann ; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt ; Assistant 
Cashier, William Herrmann ; Secretary, George 
Tournv ; Assistant Secretary, A. H. Mui.ler ; General 
Attorney, W. S. Goodfhllow. 

Board of Directors — Ign. Steinhart, Emil Rohte, H. 
B. Russ, N. Ohlandt, John Lloyd, and I. N. Walter. 


532 California Street. 

Deposits, January 1,1901 82;. 881, 798 

Faid-Up Capital 1,000,000 

Reserve Fund 223,451 

Contingent Fund 464,847 

E. B. POND, Pres. W. C. B. de FREMERY, Vice-Prea . 


Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 

Directors — Henry F. Allen, Robert Watt, Thomas 
Magee, George C. Boardman, W. C. B. de Fremery, Dan- 
iel E. Martin, C. O. G. Miller, Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 


222 Montgomery St., San Francisco. 



Interest paid on deposits. Loans made. 

Winfibld S.Jones , President 

William Babcock: Vice-President 

S. L. Abbot, Jr Secretary 

Directors — William Alvord, William Babcock, Adam 
Grant, R. H. Pease, S. L. Abbot, Jr., Winfield S. Jones, 
H. H. Hewlett, E. J. McCutchen, O. D. Baldwin. 



CAPITAL 82, 000, 000. 00 

PROFITS S3, 514,068. 82 

October ist, 1900. 

William Alvord President 

Charles R. Bishop Vice-President 

Thomas Brown Cashier 

S. Prentiss Smith Assistant Cashier 

Irving F. Moulton ad Assistant Cashier 

Allen M. Clay Secretary 


N ,„ VnrL- \ Messrs. Laidlaw & Co. 

Hew York { The Eank of New York) N B A 

Baltimore The National Exchange Bank 

Boston The National Shawmut Bank 

™ : - ( Illinois Trust and Savings Bank 

C*"cago j First National Bank . 

Philadelphia The Philadelphia National Bank 

3t. Louis Boatmen's Bank 

Virginia City, Nev Agency of the Bank of California 

London. Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son! 

Paris .Messrs. de Rothschild Freres 

Berlin Direction der Disconto Gesellschaft 

China, Japan, and East Indies. .Chartered Bank of India, 
Australia, and China 

Australia and New Zealand The Union Bank of 

Australia, Ltd., and Bank of New Zealand 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world , 


San Francisco, Cal. 
Capital, Surplus, and Undivided Profits, 

December 31, 1900, 88, 620, 223. 88. 
Jno. J. Valentine, President; Homrr S. King, Manager ' 
H. Wadsworth, Cashier ; F. L. Lifman, Asst-Cashier ; 
H. L. Miller, Second Asst-Cashier. 

Directors— John J. Valentine, Andrew Christeson, Oliver 
Eldridee, Henry E. Huntington, Homer S. King, Geo. E. 
Gray, John J. McCook, John Bermingham, Dudley Evans. 

Branches at New York, Salt Lake, and Portland. 


Pacific Coast Managers of 

The Traders Insurance Co. 


Assets $2,500,000.00 

And Resident Agents 

Norwich Union 
Fire Insurance Society, 


Assets - - -.-- - $6,553,403 

Ho. 308 PINE STREET, San Francisco, Gal. 

Telephone Main 5710 


ist— Reliable and definite policy contracts. 
2d— Superb indemnity— FIRE PROOF INSURANCE. 
3d — Quick and satisfactory adjustment of losses. 
4th— Cash payment of losses, on filing of proofs. 



Capital Paid Up, 81,000,000; Assets, 63,869- 
451.75 t Surplus to Policy-Holders, 83,068, 839. 7 1 . 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager. 

COLIN M. BOYD, Agent for San Francisco, 

411 California Street. 


Choice Woolens 


Merchant Tailors, 
633 MARKET STREET (Upstairs), 

Bicycle and Golf Suits. Opposite the Palace Hotel 

January 14, 1901. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

It is said that Ruth Bryan, daughter of William 
Jennings Bryan, started to school one morning, not 
long ago, and, after a desperate run for a street-car, 
finally succeeded in catching it. As she took her 
seat she gasped: "Well, I'm glad one of the 
family can run for something and get it." 

Here is a conundrum which Thomas B. Keed 
recently propounded : " If killing ten thousand 
Filipinos in ten months, as our soldiers are said to 
have done, is benevolent assimilation, how many 
must the Spanish have killed in three hundred years 
to warrant us in calling their rule in the archipelago 
tyrannous ? " 

One night, at the Garrick Club, a number of the 
members were discussing the merits of a new 
Hamlet who had appeared that evening. W. S. 
Gilbert had taken no part in the arguments, for or 
against. At last one of the others ventured : " Well, 
Gilbert, what do you think of his Hamlet ? " " Oh," 
responded the witty librettist, " I think it was funny 
without being vulgar." 

According to the testimony of an American corre- 
spondent in Puerto Rico, we still woefully lack popu- 
larity among the natives there. This is his de- 
scription of the manner in which a suit, to which 
an American is a party, is conducted in one of the 
insular courts there : Court — " You are the plaintiff" 
in this case?" Litigant — "Yes, your honor." 
Court — "You are an American, I presume?" 
Litigant — "Yes, your honor." Court — "You 

" Macaulay improves, Macaulay improves t " 
Sydney Smith remarked one day ; " I have ob- 
served in him of late flashes of— silence." The 
"sonorous vivacity" of this enormous talker 
nettled Smith, who found it impossible often to 
voice his own wit and wisdom. "I wish I could 
write poetry like you," he complained to a friend ; 
" I would write an ' Inferno," and I would put 
Macaulay among a number of disputants and gag 
him ! " Another contemporary described Macaulay 
as " slopping all over on every subject and standing 
in the slops." 

Among the clever epigrams which occur in Mrs. 
Craigie's new society drama, " The Wisdom of the 
Wise," which is now being performed in London by 
George Alexander, are : " Mrs. Bistern has made so 
many experiments that she has had no time to gain 
experience." " What a man has done bores every- 
body, but what he is going to do is always delight- 
ful." " 1 hate a man who can only love those whom 
he esteems. He always runs away with his friend's 
wife." " It is easy enough to be faithful to some 
one you love, but to be faithful to some one you 
don't love — that, in my opinion, is true virtue." 
"Where is Sarah now? In bed with ice on her 
temples I She may be a woman for a crisis, but we 
have to know it for weeks afterward." 

The late Henry Russell, the veteran English com- 
poser of " Cheer, Boys, Cheer," and of more than 
eight hundred other songs which were popular in 
their day, had many amusing experiences when 
he sang his ballads on various occasions. Once, 
after rendering "Woodman, Spare That Tree," a 
gentleman rose in the gallery, and asked, " Was the 
tree spared?" On being answered in the affirma- 
tive, he, with a sigh of heartfelt relief, exclaimed : 
" Thank God for that ! " After singing the song of 
" The Dog Carlo," who jumped off an Atlantic liner 
and saved a child's life, Russell was gravely waited 
upon by a couple of Yorkshire miners, who begged 
him for a pup. One of Russell's songs, of which 
the words were changed in accordance with the 
altered conditions, is our national anthem, " Colum- 
bia, the Gem of the Ocean." 

Ex - President Benjamin Harrison, one of the 
ablest men who have figured in our public life, has 
always been handicapped by his unresponsive, cold 
manner. When he was in the Senate, at Washing- 
ton, D. C, in the early 'eighties, he always brought 
his luncheon to the committee-room. He carried it 
in his coat-pocket, and would eat it while he went 
on with his work. One day when he got it out as 
usual from his pocket, he looked it all over ruefully, 
for it did look rather fiat and dubious. He finally 
remarked to those near by that he guessed he must 
have sat on it accidentally. One of his colleagues- 
one who had recently been ignored by Harrison — 
spoke up impulsively: "Well, by Jove, Harrison, 
if you've sat on it, I'll bet you a sixpence it is frozen 
solid " ; and of course a shout went up from the 
whole committee. Harrison took the joke kindly, 
and joined in the laugh. 

An officer serving in South Africa says that not 
long ago three Yeomanry scouts were taken prison- 
ers by the now redoubtable General De Wet near 
Lindley. De Wet, who does not care to be bur- 
dened with prisoners, told these three yeomen, on 
being brought before him, that he had an important 
dispatch for General Rundle, and if they would 
personally undertake to deliver it to the general he 
would give them back their liberty. Naturally, 

they were elated at the proposal, and all three gave 
De Wet their word of honor to deliver the missive 
into General Rundle's own hands. On reaching 
Rundle's headquarters they insisted on handing the 
letter to the general personally, and on his opening 
it— the three braves still standing as his audience — 
he read aloud the contents as follows: " Deak 
Sik : Please chain up these three devils, as I can 
catch them every day. Yours, De Wkt." 

After making out a list of its awards of medals 
and prizes, one of the juries of the Paris Exposition 
decided to celebrate the completion of its labors by 
giving an informal little dinner at which the mem- 
bers of the jury, representing many nationalities, 
could meet far more agreeably as private individuals. 
Hence, it was decidedly unexpected when, after they 
had reached the stage of coffee and cigars, the 
British member of the jury rose with great solem- 
nity and said : "Gentlemen. I propose the health of 
her majesty the queen." This staggered everybody 
for a moment ; but, innate courtesy overcoming 
national prejudice, they quickly pulled themselves 
together and drank the toast with all the honors. 
No sooner, however, had this been accomplished 
than the American member rose and, poising his 
glass in the air, said simply, "And other ladies." 
Needless to say this equally unexpected toast was 
received with enthusiasm by all. 

In his " Recollections of a Missionary in the 
Great West," Cyrus Townsend Brady says : " When 
my little son could scarcely walk, I took him to the 
cathedral one day, when I returned for something I 
had forgotten after morning service. I left the 
child in the nave, and when I went back to him he 
had advanced half-way up the middle aisle, and was 
sianding where the sun threw a golden light about 
his curly head. A tiny object he was in that great 
church. It was very still. He was looking about 
in every direction in the most curious and eager 
way. To my fancy he seemed like a little angel 
when he said in his sweet, childish treble, which 
echoed and reechoed beneath the vaulted roof : 
' Papa, where's Jesus? Where's Jesus?' He had 
been told that the church was the house of the 
Saviour, and on this, his first visit, he expected to 
see his Lord. That baby is quite grown up now. 
Not in the faintest particular does he resemble an 
angel. The other day, when I rode off to the wars, 
he astonished even me with this request : ' Papa, if 
you get wounded, don't forget to bring me the 
bullet that knocks you out ; 1 want it for a souvenir 
for my collection.' Fortunately for me, if unfort- 
unately for him, I brought him no bullet." 


A Thief's Advice to Putnam. 

F. C. Putnam, of the New York publishing firm, 
attended the great Bryan meeting in Madison 
Square Garden just previous to the recent election, 
and, when he left the building, discovered that some 
one had stolen his wallet. Luckily for him, it did 
not contain much money, but there were several 
notes and checks that were of considerable value to 
him. He tried the usual means of recovery, but 
without avail. However, after an interval of two 
months, a friend who had indorsed his name and 
address on one of the notes contained in the stolen 
pocket-book, brought to him the following letter, 
which he had received by mail, and in which were 
the notes and checks given up as lost : 

Dear Sir : Would you kindly return these 
checks to the owner ? I do not know his address, 
and as I saw yours on a receipt signed by him I take 
the liberty of sending them to you. When you see 
Mr. Putnam, kindly tell him from the writer that a 
man of his physique — handsome and dignified — 
should carry more in his pocket-book than a lot of 
unnegotiable paper — men of my profession term it 
junk. If all men — well-dressed men I refer to — 
were to carry the same, for mercy's sake how would 
poor thieves get a living ? Why, such ungentle- 
manly conduct would drive them to work — or to 
drink. Tell him also that he would oblige the 
writer by always carrying at least fifty dollars in 
his pocket-book, for it may happen in the future 
that some professional brother may relieve him of 
his wallet, and, if be finds nothing but junk, he is 
apt to swear, low but, nevertheless, sincerely. If 
Mr. Putnam is a Christian, he will be responsible 
for the man's oaths, and he should avoid the re- 
sponsibility by always carrying some of Uncle 
Sam's checks. If Mr. Putnam had inserted a news- 
paper advertisement asking for the return of the 
paper, he would have received the same long ago. 
He can, if he wishes, acknowledge the receipt of the 
same through the same source. 

Yours, etc., 

The Most Healthful Foods. 

Many of the leading newspapers are publishing a 
series of advertisements having four criss-cross lines 
across the face, just as if some one had made note 
of a good thing and had marked it for ordering. 
These advertisements are the announcements of 
Farwell & Rhines, Watertown, N. Y., makers of 
" Gluten Grits" and " Barley Crystals," for break- 
fast ; " Pansy Flour," for biscuit, cake, and pastry ; 
"Gluten Flour," for dyspeptics; "Special Dia- 
betic Flour" and " K. C. Whole Wheat Flour." 
These products are the most healthful foods known 
— prepared from the choicest cereals and packed in 
the most cleanly manner. They are particularly de- 
sirable for children and aged people — all people that 
need nutritious food easy of digestion. These goods 
are known as the " Criss-Cross Cereals," the criss- 
cross lines on the face of their labels being part of 
their trade-mark. Look for this mark, take no other 
— it is the assurance of Messrs. Farwell & Rhines' 
guarantee of purity and quality. 

The Babes io the Wood. 
A man of kind and noble mind 

Was H. Gustavus Hyde. 
'Twould be amiss to add to this 
At present, for he died. 

In full possession of his senses. 
The day before my tale commences. 

One-half his gold his four-year-old 

Son Paul was known to win, 
And Beatrix I whose age was six) 
For all the rest came in, 

Perceiving which, their Uncle Ben did 
A thing that people said was splendid. 

For by the hand he took them, and 

Remarked in accents smooth : 

" One thing I ask. Be mine the task 

These orphan babes to soothe ! 

My country home is really charming : 
III teach them all the joys of farming." 

One halcyon week they fished his creek 

And watched him do the chores. 
In haylofts hid, and. shouting, slid 
Down sloping cellar-doors. 

Because this life to bliss was equal 
The more distressing is the sequel. 

Concealing guile beneath a smile, 

One day into a wood, 
Despite their fears, he took the dears, 
And told them to be good. 

He left them seated on a gateway, 

And took his own departure straightway. 

Though much afraid the children stayed 

From three till nearly eight ; 
At times they slept, at times they wept. 
But never left the gate ; 

Until the swift suspicion crossed them 
That Uncle Benjamin had lost them ! 

Then, quite unnerved, young Paul observed : 
" 'Tis like a dreadful dream ; 
And Uncle Ben has fallen ten 
Per cent, in my esteem. 
Not only did he first usurp us. 
But now he's left us here on purpose." 

For countless years their childish fears 

Have made the reader pale. 
For countless years the public's tears 
Have started at the tale. 

For countless years much detestation 
Has been expressed for their relation. 

So draw a veil across the dale 

Where stood that ghastly gate. 
No need to tell 1 You know full well 
Their most pathetic fate, 
And how with leaves each little dead breast 
Was covered by a Robin Red Breast. 

But when they found them on the ground, 

Although their life had ceased. 
Quite near to Paul was seen a small 

White paper, neatly creased. 

" Because of lack of any merit, 
B. Hyde," it said, " we disinherit." 

The Moral : If you deeply long 
To punish one who's done you wrong, 
Though in your life-time fail you may, 
Where there's a will there is a way I 
— Guy Wetmore Carry! in Philadelphia Saturday 
Evening Post. 

The Man Behind the No. 
Bowed by the weight of Centurys he stands, 
The latest number open in his hands, 
And at a page whereon a poem is shown — 
Not mine ? Not yours ? Why, then it is his own I 
Mine was returned, as yours no doubt to you, 
With thanks illusive and regrets untrue. 
Suppressed by jealousy ! Up, brothers, ho I 
Let's down the man with the eternal No. 

— Charles Henry Webb in January Criterion. 




your Silver- 
ware is reason- 
ably secure 
from midnight 
dangers. The 
only abso- 
lute security 
against the 
daylight dan- 
ger of scratch- 
ing or wearing 
is by using 

at insures the hiu'he^yP^Tee of brilliau 
ithout the least detHRent in any form. 

._. -ee of brilliancy 
ient in any form. 

Trial quantity for the asking. 
Box, postpaid, 15cts. in stamps. 
It s Sold Everywhere. 
The Electro Silicon Co., 30 Cliff Street, New York. 

on every package. 

These trade-mark cri: 



Perfect Breakfast 
Unlike all 




Health Cereals. 
Cake and Pasiry. 

Ask Grocers, 
cftown, N, Y., U.S.A. 



We sell and rent better machines for less money than 
any house on the Pacific Coast. Send for Catalogue. 
Supplies of standard quality always on hand. 

536 California Street. Telephone Main 266. 





Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan Streets, 

at 1 P. M., for 


Calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Kong with Steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 
Steamer. From San Francisco for Hong Kong. 1901 

Gaelic.-CVia Honolulu) Wednesday, Jan. 16 

Doric . .(Via Honolulu) Saturday, Feb. 9 

Coptic. .(Via Honolulu) , ..Thursday, March 7 

Gaelic. (Via HonoluM) Saturday, March 30 

Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 

For freight and passage apply at company's office. 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street. 
P. P. STUBBS, General Manager. 



Carefully Examined. 
Every quart of milk offered at any one of the 
many condensaries where the Gail Borden Eagle 
Brand Condensed Milk is produced is scientifically 
tested, and must be of the highest standard. Valu- 
able book entitled " Babies," sent free. 


mended by the best dealers. 



Scotch Whisky 

Importers - MACONORAY & CO. 

The Luxuries of Travel . . 

The luxuries of modern travel are nowhere 
more thoroughly enjoyed than on 

Cook's Nile Steamers and Dahabeahs 

where the acme of perfection is attained. 

Programmes of COOK'S TOURS to EGYPT and j 

the HOLT LAND mailed on application. 

Toyo Kisen Kaislia 



Steamers will leave Wharf, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p. m. for YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG, 
calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Kong with steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1901. 

Hongkong Mara Thursday , January 24 

Nippon Mara Tuesday, February 19 

l America Mara Friday, March 15 

j Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates. 

j For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
421 Market Street, cor. First. 

j W. H. AVERY, General Agent. 

Sierra, 6000 Tons 
S. S. Zealaudia, for Honolulu, Jan. iS, 1901, at 2 p.m. 
S. S. Sonoma for Honolulu, Pago Pago, Auckland, 

and Sydney, Wednesday, Jan. 23, 1901, at 9 p. m. 
S. 8. Australia, for Papeete, Tahiti, Friday, 

Feb. 8, 1901, at 4 p.m. 
J. D. Spreckels & Bros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 
Street. Freight Office, 337 Market St., San Francisco. 

Pacific Coast Steamship Co. 

Steamers leave Broadway Wharf, S. F. : 
For Alaskan ports. 11 A, m., Jan. i, 6, 
11, 16, 21, 26, 31, Feb. 5, change to com- 
pany's steamers at Seattle. 

For B. C. and Puget Sound Ports, 11 
a. m., Jan. i, 6, ii, 16, 21, 26, 31, Feb. 
5, and every fifth day thereafter. 

For Eureka (Humboldt Bay), 2 p. ii., 
. Jan. 3, 8, 13, 18, 23, 28, Feb. 2, and 
every fifth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Santa Barbara, Port 
I Los Angeles, and Redondo (Los Angeles): Queen — Wed- 
I nesdays, 9 a. m. Santa Rosa — Sundays, 9 a. m. 

For Santa Cruz, Montergy-San Simeon. Cayucos, Port 

I Hartford (San Luis ObispR^Gaviota, Santa Barbara, 

Ventura, Hueneme, San Pedro, East San Pedro, and 

I Newport (Los Angeles). Corona — Fridays, 9 a. h. 

I Bonita — Tuesdays, 9 a. m. 

For Mexican ports, to a. m. Seventh of each month. 
For further information obtain company's folder. 
I The company reserves the right to change steamers, 
1 sailing dates, and hours of sailing, without previous notice. 
Ticket-Office 4 New Montgomery St. (Palace Hotel) 
I GOODALL, PERKINS & CO.. General Agents, 
10 Market Street. San Francisco. 

International Navigation Co.'s Lines 


New York and Southampton (London, Paris), 
from New York every Wednesday, 10 a. m. 
Noordland. . . . ..January 16 j Vaderland.. . , . .January 30 

Friesland January 23 | New York February 6 


New York and Antwerp. From New York every 
Wednesday, 12 noon. 

Noordland January 16 j Southwark .January 30 

Friesland January 23 | Westernlmd February 6 


To Alaska and Gold Fields. 



International Navigation Company, CHAS. D. 
TAYLOR, General Agent Pacific Coast, 30 Monteotrery 


January 14, 1901. 


The Griffin-Follis Wedding. 

The wedding of Miss Lillian Mary Follis, daugh- 
ter of the late Richard H. Follis, and Mr. Frank W. 
Griffin took place at the family residence of the 
bride, 2230 Washington Street, on Wednesday, Jan- 
uary 9th. The ceremony was performed at noon by 
the Rev. Father McQuaide. The bride was given 
into the keeping of the groom by her brother, Mr. 
Clarence G. Follis, and was unattended. Mr. 
Maurice Griffin, brother of the groom, was the best 
man, and Mr. Walter S. Martin, Mr. Robert Harri- 
son, Dr. R. H. Follis, and Mr. Willard N. Drown 
acted as ushers. 

The ceremony was followed by a wedding break- 
fast, and on Thursday Mr. and Mrs. Griffin departed 
for the East on their wedding journey. On their 
return, about the middle of February, they will re- 
side at the Follis residence. 

A Dance in the Maple Room. 
A most enjoyable dance was given in the Maple 
Room of the Palace Hotel on Wednesday evening, 
January 9th, under the patronage of Mrs. E. D. 
Beylard, Mrs. J. B. Crockett, Mrs. R. L. Coleman, 
Mrs. F. P. Frank, Mrs. Francis Carolan, Mrs. J. 

D. Grant, Mrs. E. W. Hopkins, Mrs. D. T. 
Murphy, Princess Poniatowski, Mrs. G. A. Pope, 
Mrs. H. T. Scott, and Mrs. W. B. Tubbs. The 
guests began to arrive at nine o'clock and were 
greeted by the patronesses in the reception - room. 
Dancing began early, and at half after midnight 
supper was served in the private dining room and 
the conservatory. Later, dancing was continued 
for some time. 

Among those present were : 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Scott, Mr. and Mrs. W. 
B. Tubbs, Mr. and Mrs. George A. Pope, Prince 
and Princess Poniatowski, Mr. and Mrs. D. T. 
Murphy, Mr. E. W. Hopkins, Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph D. Grant, Mr. and Mrs. Robert L. Cole- 
man, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Crockett, Mr. 
and Mrs. Seward McNear, Mr. and Mrs. Atherton 
Macondray, Mr. and Mrs. Horace Pillsbury, Dr. 
and Mrs. Beverly MacMonagle, Mr. and Mrs. 
Henry J. Crocker, Mr. and Mrs. R. P. Schwerin, 
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Crocker, Mr. and Mrs. John 
Parrott, Colonel and Mrs. Marion P. Maus, Mr. 
and Mrs. George H. Lent, Mr. and Mrs. Augustus 
Taylor, Miss Marion Eells, Miss Carolan, Miss 
Genevieve Carolan, Mrs. R. J. Wood, Mr. W. H. 
Taylor, Miss Salisbury, Miss Lucy King, the 
Misses Edna, Georgia, and Frances Hopkins, 
the Misses Lillie and Grace Spreckels, Miss Ella 
Morgan, Miss Charlotte Ellinwood, Miss Leontine 
Blakeman, Miss Mary Scott, Miss Mollie Thomas, 
Miss Daisy Van Ness, Miss Bernice Drown, Miss 
Laura McKinstry, Mrs. James A. Robinson, Miss 
Elena Robinson, Mrs. John E. de Ruyter, Miss 
Minnie Houghton, Miss Helen Smith, Miss Bertha 
Smith, Miss Cadwalader, the Misses Josselyn, 
Miss Sarah Collier, Miss Cora Smedberg, Miss 
Katharine Dillon, Mrs. F. A. Frank, Miss Bessie 
Center, Miss Bessie McNear, Miss Caro Crockett, 
Mr. A. H. Wilcox, Mr. Fred W. McNear, Mr. 
Allen St. John Bowie, Mr. E. H. Sheldon, Mr. Phil 
Tompkins, Mr. George Cadwalader, Mr. Bert Cad- 
walader, Mr. George McNear, Mr. Harry Scott, Mr. 
Samuel H. Boardman, Mr. Willard N. Drown, Mr. 

E. M. Greenway, Mr. Peter D. Martin, Mr. Walter 
S. Martin, Mr. Harry N. Stetson, Mr. R. McK. 
Duperu, Mr. Latham McMullin, Mr. Gerald Rath- 
bone, Mr. Frank L. Owen, Mr. Christian Froelich, 
Mr. W. R. Heath, Mr. Tom Berry, Mr. Clarence 
Follis, Mr. Lawrence Scott, Mr. Thomas Driscoll, 
Mr. Fletcher McNutt, Mr. Horace Piatt, Mr. 
Thomas Breeze, and Mr, Fred Coon. 

The dance was preceded by a number of dinner- 
parties, the most notable being that given by Miss 
Katharine Dillon, at the home of her mother, Mrs. 
Maurice Casey, 2100 Jackson Street, at which she 
entertained some fifty guests. 

Notes and Gossip. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Edna Boyd 
VanWyckto Mr. Arthur V. Callaghan. Miss Van 
Wyck was educated at Miss West's School in this city 
and the Convent of Notre Dame in San Jose\ She 
is the youngest daughter of Mr. Henry L. Van 
Wyck, the well-known stock-broker, who recently 
returned from Europe with his family after an 
absence of two years. Mr. Callaghan is the son of the 
late pioneer capitalist, Daniel Callaghan, and has 
recently been devoting his time to mining interests 
in Colorado. No date has yet been set for the 
wedding. , 

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Crockett gave a dinner at 
their home, 2029 California Street, on Saturday, 
January 5th, complimentary to Miss Hopkins and 
Mr. W. H. Taylor. Others at table were Mr. and 
Mrs. Augustus Taylor, the Misses Hopkins. Miss 

Genevieve Carolan, Miss Mary Scott, Miss Th£rese 
Morgan, Miss Caro Crockett, Mr. Lawrence Scott, j 
Mr. Walter Martin, Mr. Henry Poett, Mr, Samuel 
H. Boardman, and Mr. Tompkins. 

Mrs. Julius Kruttschnitt and Miss Alma Krutt- 
schnitt were the guests of honor at a luncheon re- 
cently given by Mrs. William Montgomery in New 

Mrs. Samuel G. Murphy gave a dinner in honor 
of Miss Margaret Cole and her fiance 1 , Lieutenant ' 
Martin Crimmins, at which she entertained Miss 
Anna Voorhies, Miss Mamie Josselyn, Mrs. Eleanor 
Martin, Dr. C. Collins, U. S. A., Mr. Thomas 
Bishop, and Mr. Hermann Oelrichs. 

Mrs. James Moffitt recently gave a luncheon at 
her home on Webster Street, in Oakland, in honor 
of Mrs. F. M. Smith. Others at table were Mrs. 
Isaac L. Requa, Mrs, A. A. Moore, Mrs. Peter E. 
Bowles, Mrs. H. M. A. Miller, Mrs. F. L. 
Barker, Mrs. James Moffitt, Mrs. T. L. Barker, 
and Mrs. Herbert Moffitt, of this city. 

Dr. and Mrs. Clyde Payne gave a dinner at their 
home, 2176 Geary Street, Monday evening, January 
7th, in honor of Dr. William J. Younger, formerly 
of this city and now a resident of Paris. Among 
others present were Dr. S. E. Knowles, Dr. A. W. 
Lundborg, Dr. Thomas Morffew, Dr. Frank Piatt, 
Dr. Arthur Wallace, Dr. J. L. Asay, Dr. A. F. 
Merriman, Dr. Calvin Knowles, Dr. W. A. Bryant, 
Dr. Redmond Payne, and Dr. M. Levkowitz. 

Mrs. Edward A. Belcher has been obliged to 
change her afternoons at home to the second and 
third Mondays of January at the Hotel Bella Vista. 

Mrs. Henry L. Van Wyck will receive on the third 
and fourth Fridays in January at her home, 1424 
Steiner Street. 

Mrs. C. E, Whitney gave a card-party on Satur- 
day, January 5th, at which she entertained some 
sixty friends. 

Mrs. James W. Edwards, who recently returned 
from Europe, will receive at her apartments at the 
Occidental Hotel on the second, third, and fourth 
Mondays in January. 

Miss Mila Lally gave a luncheon at the Palace 
Hotel on Thursday, January 10th, in honor of Miss 
Margaret Cole, at which she entertained Miss Cole, 
Miss Alice Masten, Miss Temple, Miss Hopkins, 
Miss Havens, Miss Currier, and Miss Church. 

The San Mateo Hunt Club. 
The first meeting of the San Mateo Hunt Club 
this year took place on Wednesday, January gth, at 
2:30 p. M., the start having been made on the north 
side of Crystal Springs dam. The club's pro- 
gramme for the remainder of this month includes 
meets to-day (Saturday) at 2:30 p. m., Moormead's, 
Fair Oaks ; Wednesday, January 16th, at 2:30 p. m., 
old toll-gate house, Spanishtown road ; Saturday, 
January 19th, at 2:30 p. M., Tanforan Race Track ; 
Wednesday, January 23d, at 9:30 A. m., Severn 
Lodge, San Mateo ; Saturday, January 26th, at 
9:30 A. M., Howard woods ; Wednesday, January 
30th, at 9:30 A. M., Belmont station. The club has 
received four couples of hounds that arrived from 
Ireland New-Year's night. 

Mayor James D. Phelan has re-appointed all the 
members of the municipal commissions whose terms 
expired on January ist, with the exception of Dr. W. 
F. McNutt, of the police commission, who has been 
succeeded by J. R. Howell; Dr. Louis Bazet, who 
is succeeded on the board of health by Dr. W. B. 
Lewitt ; and F. W. Zeile, who is succeeded on the 
park commission by Walter S. Martin. The latter 
office is merely a post of honor and carries with it 
no salary. Mr. Martin is a nephew of the late 
Governor Downey and son of Mrs. Eleanor Martin. 
He is a native of this city and a graduate of George- 
town College, Washington, D. C. He is a colonel 
on the staff of Governor Gage, and saw service in the 
Philippines as a volunteer aid on the staff of General 
King. Dr. W. B. Lewitt is a native of Ann Arbor, 
Mich., and graduated from the Detroit Medical 
College and from the College of Physicians and Sur- 
geons, New York. He came to San Francisco in 
1878, and for many years he has been a member of 
the faculty of the University of California. 

The coroner's jury has rendered a verdict of 
"accidental death" in the case of Mrs. Henry L. 
Tatum, who died as a result of gas asphyxiation at 
her home, 2511 Pacific Avenue, in the early morn- 
ing hours of the first day of January. This formal 
and official denial of the rumor that her death was 
due to suicide will be comforting to the many 
friends of Mrs. Tatum who mourn her loss sin- 
cerely. An exceptionally attractive woman and en- 
dowed with intellectual gifts far above the average, 
Mrs. Tatum was beloved by all who knew her. 

I^OYAL * mm 

Absolutely "Pure 


Makes the food more delicious and wholesome 


Golf Notes. 
The only golf event of importance during the 
week was the first handicap sweepstake tournament, 
which was played by the ladies of the San Francisco 
Golf Club on the Presidio links on Monday, Janu- 
ary 7th. Of the five players who entered, Miss 
Sarah Drum won first place. Following is the com- 
plete score : 

1st 2d ■ Handi- 

Rontid. Round. Gross, cap. Net. 

Miss Sarah Drum 64 66 130 8 122 

Miss Caro Crocket.. . . 74 55 129 5 124 

Miss Maud Mullins. ..67 63 130 scratch 130 

Miss Alice Hager 73 62 135 4 131 

Miss Florence Ives.. . . 71 76 147 8 139 

There is a prospect of a highly interesting match 
between teams of eight ladies of the San Francisco 
Golf Club and a like number of the Oakland Golf 
Club. As the Oakland ladies were the losers at the 
contests that took place on February 24th and March 
nth of last year, the challenge will come from them, 
and will be issued as soon as Mrs. Le Grand Can- 
non Tibbets returns from the East. 

The annual election of officers of the San Fran- 
cisco Golf Club took place on Saturday afternoon, 
January 5th, and the officers of the past year — 
H. B. Goodwin, Andrew Carrigan, Charles Page, 
J. W. Byrne, and H. D. Pillsbury— were all re- 
elected. The council, as the five officers are 
termed, will later appoint a captain, president, 
secretary, and treasurer. Contrary to the past 
custom, the captain need not be a member of the 
council, and the president will not be the captain. 

Lansing Kellogg defeated J. W. Byrne on Satur- 
day afternoon, January 5th, by 1 up on 19 holes, in 
what proved to be one of the closest matches of the 
round-robin tournament. The other round-robin 
matches which have so far been played resulted as 
follows : H. B. Goodwin has scored 2 against Wor- 
thington Ames ; H. C. Golcher 1 against S. L. 
Abbot, Jr. ; Lansing O. Kellogg 1 against R. H. 
Gaylord ; and R. H. Gaylord 1 against Captain D. 
J. Rumbaugh. 

Commencing on Monday, January 14th, at 9:30 
A. M., will be played the qualifying rounds of the 
women's contests for the Councils Cup, the first 
match of which will follow on Tuesday, January 
14th, and the second on Wednesday, January 15th. 
The eight best scores are to qualify. 

David Bell and Willie Smith, the crack golf play- 
ers, arrived in Los Angeles from the East on Sun- 
day, and after a short series of games in Southern 
California, they will come north, visiting San Fran- 
cisco on their way. 

President McKinley's Visit to California. 
" Already elaborate preparations are being made 
for the entertainment of President McKinley when he 
comes to California this summer. His party, which 
will probably include, besides Mrs. McKinley, 
many members of the Cabinet, will come over the 
southern route, via New Orleans, making a brief 
stop in that city. From there the train will run 
direct to Los Angeles, where a stop of at least two 
days will be made in order to attend the fiesta and 
also to afford the party time for recuperation from 
the journey. Leaving Los Angeles on the evening 
of May 12th, it is the intention to arrive at San 
Mateo in time for luncheon with the Burlingame 
Country Club. From there the run to San Fran- 
cisco will be completed, arriving here on the evening 
of May 13th. President and Mrs. McKinley will 
be driven at once to the residence of Mr. H. T. 
Scott, president of the Union Iron Works, 2129 La- 
guna Street. The residence, with all its appointments 
and retinue of servants, will be placed at the service 
of the President, the Scott family taking up their 
residence at their country home at Burlingame. 
It is probable that the President will live at the Scott 
residence during his stay in San Francisco, since, 
owing to the condition of Mrs. McKinley's health, 
it is desirable to avoid hotels wherever possible. 
The launching of the Ohio will occur on May 18th, 
and during the President's stay there will be a public 
reception at Mechanics' Pavilion." All of the fore- 
going is from the daily papers, and is quite interest- 
ing if true. 

Dialogue overlteard between two newly married 

men. PLACE — The California Street car. 

Time— i P. M. 

First Benedict— [archly]— Ah, old man, is it 

as bad as all that ? Been home to lunch, eh ? 

Well, you have got it bad ! 

[Car-full of ladies gaze alte?itively and sympa- 
thetically at tke other Benedict.] 
Second Benedict [savagely]— Been home to 
lunch ? Not on your life 1 I've been out at the 
golf links all morning and am going down to the 
clubtolunch. [Triumphantly and sneeringly .] But 
I see that you still go home to lunch. Are you ever 
going to break away ? 

[The ladies snicker, and First Benedict sub- 
sides into his coat-collar.] 

On special sale next week, fine decorated china 
plates, broken dozens, also cut and Bohemian 
glassware and ornaments, some pieces slightly 
damaged. Nathan-Dohrmann Co., 122 to 132 
Sutter Street. 

"My husband never dictates to me/" "Per- 
haps he prefers his type-writer." — Town Topics. 


To keep the skin clean 
is to wash the excretions 
from it off; the skin takes 
care of itself inside, if not 
blocked outside. 

To wash it often and 
clean, without doing any 
sort of violence to it, re- 
quires a most gentle soap, 
a soap with no free al- 
kali in it. 

Pears', the soap that 
clears but not excoriates. 

AJl sorts of stores sell It, especially 
o*rni?gists; all sorts of people use it. 


The Great Leader of Champagnes. Importations 
in 1899, 109,003 cases, being 72,495 cases more than 
any other brand, is a record never before approached. 

P. J. VAICKENBER6, Worms O/R, Rhine 
and Moselle Wines. 

J. CAL VET & CO., Bordeaux, Clarets and 

FRED'K. DE BARY &. CO., New York, 

Sole Agents in the United States and Canada. 
E. M. GREENWAY, Pacific Coast Representative. 


Borrow on theni 




Apples, Pears, Peaches, Plums, 
Prunes, Cherries, Apricots, Etc. 

Stock is Extra Fine This Year. Send for Prices. 

J. T. BOCUE, Marysville, Cal. 

Nearest the City. 

Non- Sectarian . 



Lawn Plan. 

Telephone, Bush 367. 

Hotel Rafael 

Fifty minutes from San Francisco. Sixteen 
trains dally each way. Open all the year. 


B. V HALIOS, Proprietor. 



N. W. Cor. Sutter and Hyde Sts., S. F., Cal. 

MRS. J. c. LEVY, Proprietor. 


N. E. Cor. Van Ness and Myrtle Avenues. 

The Principal and Finest 

Family Hotel of San Francisco 





San Francisco, Cal. 


Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco. 



January 14, 1901. 



Movements and Whereabouts. 
Annexed will be found a risumi of movements to 
and from this city and coast, and of the whereabouts 
of absent Californians : 

Mr. Francis Carolan is expected home from the 
East to-day (Saturday). Mrs. Carolan will not 
return until a few weeks later. 

Mr. and Mrs. James A. Robinson and Miss Elena 
Robinson, who have taken apartments at the Knick- j 
erbocker, on Van Ness Avenue, spent New Year's 
with Mr. Porter Robinson, in San Jos£. 

Miss Mollie Phelan has arrived in New York from 
Liverpool, en route home. 

Mrs. John W. Mackay sailed from New York for 
Europe on Wednesday, January 2d. She will make 
a short stay in Paris, and then spend the remainder 
of the winter with the Princess Colonna. in Rome. 
Mr. and Mrs. William Babcock are sojourning in 
San Diego. 

Mr. and Mrs. William M. Bunker, who have 
been the guests of Professor and Mrs. Edward 
Booth since their return from Europe, are now 
domiciled at the Hotel Bella Vista. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jonathan J. Crooks have returned 
to their home in San Rafael, after an absence of six 
months in the East. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Blanding and Miss Lena 
Blanding are in San Diego. 

Mrs. George T. Folsom has returned from Eu 
rope, and is residing at 1001 Pine Street. 

Mr. Samuel Haslett, of Alameda, was registered 
at the California Hotel during the past week. 

Mrs. E. B. Coleman and Miss Susie Blanding 
are in New York, and are expected to return very 

Mr. and Mrs. R. D. Girvin and family were in 
Pasadena last week. 

Miss Bertha Dolbeer and Miss Warren expect to 
leave for a long visit to San Diego the first of 
Mrs. Jean Bowers is visiting in Los Angeles. 
Mr. A. H. Wilcox, of Los Angeles, is here on a 
short visit. 

Mr. E. M. Greenway has returned from his trip 
to Southern California. 

Mrs. Talbot returned from her southern trip on 
Monday last, having visited Los Angeles and San 
Diego. She was accompanied by her son. 

Mr. Harry N. Stetson returned on Monc'.y 'ast 
from a visit to Mr. A. H. Wilcox at Los AngW.-- 

Miss Bessie Bowie leaves for the East soon to 
continue her musical studies. 

Mrs. Remi Chabot and the Misses Josephine, 
Katharine, and Claire Chabot, who are now in 
Rome, leave soon for a tour through Spain, and 
will visit Egypt before returning in the summer. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Boggs, who have been the 
guests of Mrs. John Boggs during the holidays, 
have returned to their home in Stockton. 

The Duke and Duchess of Manchester (nie 
Zimmerman) are expected to arrive from Cincin- 
nati on Monday, and will make a short stay in 
t hi s city. They will be accompanied by the Hon. 
Mr. Lambert and Mr. Eugene Zimmerman, the 
father of the duchess. 

Mrs. George D. Toy and her daughter. Miss 
Mabel Toy, who recently returned from Europe, 
expect to visit the Hawaiian Islands next month. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sullivan are in London en 
route to the Riviera, where they will spend the 

Mrs. W. P. Harrington, the Misses Harrington, 
and Mrs. Beach, after spending the holidays at 
Colusa, have returned to the Knickerbocker. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank R. Wells (nie Hush), who 
have been the guests of Mr. and Mrs. Grimwood in 
Honolulu, will leave the islands for Japan on Tues- 
day, January 15th. 

Mr. and Mrs. S. G. Wilder returned to Honolulu 
on the Oceanic steamship Alameda on Thursday, 
January 3d. 

Mr. Valentine G. Hush has returned to Oakland 
from New York. 

Lord Thurlow, who has been prominent in politi- 
cal affairs of the British Government for many years 
and is interested in certain California mines, was at 
the Palace Hotel during the week. 

Professor W. R. Dudley came up from Stanford 
University early in the week, and was at the Cali- 
fornia Hotel. 

Dr. and Mrs. H. N. Winton, of Haywards, were 
at the Occidental Hotel early in the week. 

Dr. and Mrs. S. Tevis, of Oakland, registered at 
the California Hotel this week. 

Mrs. Lang and son, of Portland, have taken 
apartments at the Hotel Granada for the winter. 

Among the week's guests at the California Hotel 
were Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Hoyt, of Cincinnati, Mr. 
and Mrs. S. Elwell, of Marysville, Mr. and Mrs. C. 
J. Bruguire, Dr. and Mrs. L. A. Van Dyk, of New- 
York, Rev. W. S. Clark, of Benicia, Mr. C. H. 
Norton, of Honolulu, Mr. J. D. Coleman, of Port- 
land, Mr. F. C. Robertson, of Montana, Mr. J. W. 
Davis, of San Mateo, Mr. G. E. Baldwin, of Wash- 
ington, D. C, Mr. A. J. Fulton, of New York, Mr. 
A. W. Barrett, of Los Angeles, Mr. V. S. Mc- 
Clatchy, of Sacramento, Mr. F. A. Bergman, of 
Chicago, Mr. R. G. Barton, of Fresno, Mr. J. G. 
Scott, of Agnews, and Mr. O. Goward and Mr. 
R. H. Speeling, of Victoria, B. C. 

Army and Navy News. 

The latest personal notes relative to army and 
navy people who are known in San Francisco are 
appended : 

Lieutenant-Commander C. G. Calkins, U. S. N., 
who for nearly two years has been in charge of the 
branch hydrographic office at this port, has been de- 
tached from duty and ordered to report at the 
Brooklyn Navy Yard for duty on jhe cruiser New 

Captain John T. Myers, U. S. M. C, who has 
been in the naval hospital at Mare Island, expects 

to leave for Washington about January :5th, ac- 
companied by Mrs. Myers. A six months' sick- 
leave has been granted Captain Myers. 

Mrs. Edie, wife of Dr. Guy L. Edie, U. S. A., 
who is expected to arrive from the Orient the first of 
next month, has been passing the winter with her 
parents, Mr. and Mrs. William I. Kip, on Pine 

Lieutenant Martin L Crimmins, Sixth Infantry, 
U. S. A., whose engagement to Miss Margaret Cole 
has been announced, has been relieved from duty 
with recruits at the Presidio and assigned to duty 
with the First Provisional Battalion. 

Lieutenant J. C. Bennett, U. S. N. (retired), has 
been ordered to lake charge of the naval recruiting j 
office at 3 Market Street. 

Mrs. McCrackin, wife of Lieutenant-Commander 
Alexander McCrackin, U. S. N., has her mother j 
and brother as guests at Mare Island during the ! 

The many friends of Lieutenant E. H. Campbell, 
U. S. N., and Mrs. Campbell (nit Strong), now at [ 
the Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md., will deeply j 
sympathize with them in the death of an infant 
daughter, born at Annapolis on December 27th. 

Mrs. Walter T. Bates, wife of Lieutenant Bates, 
Seventeenth Infantry, U. S. A., has returned from 
Manila and is visiting her parents. Lieutenant- 
Colonel William A. Jones, engineer corps, U. S. 
A., and Mrs. Jones, in Baltimore, Md. 

Lieutenant-Commander J. K. Barton, V. S. N., 
has been detached from the Newark, and ordered to 
the naval hospital at Yokohama. 

Lieutenant John P. Hains, Third Artillery, U. S. 
A., was at the Palace Hotel early in the week. 

Lieutenant Macker Babb, U. S. M. C, has been 
detached from the marine barracks at Mare Island, 
and detailed to command a company of marines, 
which are to take passage for Guam. Ladrone 

Captain Frank West, Ninth Cavalry, U. S. A., 
having completed his duties at the Sequoia National 
Park, has returned to the Presidio. 

Captain C. S. Sperry, U. S. N., who has been de- 
tached from duty as member of the naval examining 
board, Washington Navy Yard, and ordered to com- 
mand the New Orleans, on the Asiatic station, sailed 
from this city on Tuesday, January 8lh, for the 

Major John A. Baldwin, Twenty-Third Infantry, 
U. S. A., who has recovered from his recent illness, 
has assumed command of Benicia Barracks. 

Lieutenant-Colonel C- R. Paul, U. S. A., was at 
the Occidental Hotel a few days ago. 

Captain Nicholson, U. S. N., of the Farragut, 
and Mrs. Nicholson, are in San Diego, where they 
expect to remain during this month. 



The TrebelH Concerts. 

Antoinette Trebelli, who, after a long tour of 
Australia and New Zealand, returns to us as Antonia 
Dolores, will give two concerts at the Columbia 
Theatre next week, which promise to be largely 
attended. Her programme for Tuesday afternoon, 
January 15th, is as follows : 

faj Romance, " Comme la Naissante Aurore" 
("Reine de Saba") Gounod, (bj beaux melodies, 
" Midi au Village," (c) " Ma Voisine," Goring- 
Thomas, (dj chanson, " Comme Disaient lis," 
Bizet ; piano solo, " Sonata," op. 35 (five move- 
ment), Chopin ; scena, " Adieu Forets," Tschai- 
kowsky (Note — This composition is from the opera 
•'Jeanne d'Arc," and expresses Jeanne's pathetic 
adieu to home and country on departing, under 
divine inspiration, to lead the French army into 
battle.) English songs (a) " Mermaid's Son," 
Haydn, (b) "I've Been Roaming," Horn; piano 
solo, " Spinning Song," Mendelssohn, " Liebes^ 
traume," No. 3, Liszt ; tarantella, Bizet ; ro- 
manza (a) " Pena d'Amore," (b) " La tua Stella," 
Mascagni ; piano solo, " Rhapsody Hongroise"," 
No. 11, Liszt; English ballad, "Through Sunny 
Spain," Tito Mattel. 

On Thursday afternoon, January 17th, the follow- 
ing programme will be rendered : 

(a) air, " Myrte," Delibes, (h) Stances du 
Berger, Gounod ; piano solo, scherzo, B-flat minor, 
Chopin, recit. and aria, " Let Me Wander Not 
Unseen " (1" allegro), Handel ; (a) serenade, " Dormi 
Pure," Scuderi, fbj page's song, " Volta la Terra" 
( " Balla in Maschera" ), Verdi ; piano solo, " Gon- 
doliers" Moszkowski ; air, " Pensee d'Automnes 
Massenet ; songs, (a) "Thy Voice is as the Rolling 
Air," Blumenthal, (b) " Oh ! to Remember," 
Kjerulf, (c) " Spring," Grieg ; piano solo, etude, C 
major (staccato), Rubinstein ; melodie, " L'EteY' 
Cham made. 

That Mr. and Mrs. Georg Henschel, the favorite 
vocalists who are making their farewell tour of the 
United Slates, have won a secure place in the 
admiration of San Francisco music-lovers is evident 
from the unusually large sale of season tickets dur- 
ing the week for their series of recitals which they 
are to give at Metropolitan Hall on February 5th, 
7th, 9th, nth, 13th, and 14th. The sale will remain 
open at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s Hall until next 
Wednesday evening. 

{With apologies to the late Laureate.) 
' I came from London yesterday, 
My voice and I together ; 
To babble, in my usual way. 
Amongst the fern and heather. 

' I chatter in a ceaseless flow, 
My tongue is silent never ; 
Wherever people come or go 
I chatter on forever. 

' There's naught that keeps my chatter down, 
There's naught ray talk abridges ; 
My words avail to sting the town 
Like half a million midges. 

' I interrupt the newest play 

With words propelled like pebbles ; 
I babble in my box's bay 
In piercing sharps and trebles. 

' My accents rise, my accents fall, 
In idle nothingnesses ; 
I even babble in my stall 
'Bout other women's dresses. 

' No matter what the stage may show, 
Nor though the piece be clever ; 
Actors may come and actors go — 
But I gush on forever ! 

' I rush about to dance and rout. 
The smallest talk retailing. 
My prettiest doings shouting out, 
My slightest ills bewailing. 

" Beneath the sun, beneath the stars. 
Persistently I prattle ; 
No species of compunction bars 
My ceaseless flow of tattle. 

" Folks fret, folks frown, with gloom they glance 
At me as on 1 chatter ; 
They eye me angrily, askance — 
All that, though, doesn't matter. 

" For still I babble with a flow 

That laughs at their endeavor ; 
Most things this season come and go, 
But I go on forever ! " — London Truth. 

During the next racing meet of the San Francisco 
Jockey Club, at Tanforan Park, a pleasant innova- 
tion is to be introduced. A coach will be run from 
San Mateo, via Burlingame, to the Tanforan race- 
track, which will return to Burlingame and San 
Mateo at the conclusion of the races whenever the 
sport is being conducted at that track. The trip 
from San Mateo will be made in the regular Bur- 
lingame Club coach, and while it will be run as 
a public conveyance, will practically be supported 
by society people, mostly Burlingame Club mem- 
bers and their friends. To prevent too large a num- 
ber of persons gathering at San Mateo, there will be 
a booking-office established at the Palace Hotel in 
this city. The start will be made from the Union 
Hotel, at San Mateo. 

The soothing atmosphere, fairy coves, sheltered 
glades, and sylvan nooks, the harmonious contour 
of the mountain, the charming gradations of color 
of the gentle slopes, all tend to make the trip up 
Mt. Tamalpais a day's outing that will long linger 
in the memory. 

— The variety of fine note-papers which 
is carried in stock by Messrs. Cooper & Co., the 
Art Stationers, embraces not only all the newest 
fads in stationery — but all the staple bonds and fine 
linens. No other house on the Pacific Coast carries 
so much of the better grades of papers. 

Special Xotice. 

The annual meeting of the Maria Kip Orphanage 
for the election of trustees and managers, will be 
held at the Diocesan House, 731 California Street, 
on Monday, January 14, 1901, at 2 p. M. Members 
and annual subscribers are especially invited to 
be present. 

A Thoroughly Reliable Establishment 
To buy precious stones, pearls, fine jewelry, and 
silverware. A. Hirschman, 10 Post Street (Masonic 

* ♦ > 


A companion tutor for a boy of fourteen. A 
cheerful, patient man, not nervous, and with high 
moral principles ; to live chiefly out-of-doors, with 
two or three hours of study daily. English, Latin, 
Mathematics. Reply with credentials and stating 
experience. P. O. box 127, Santa Barbara, Cal. 

Xinas Present Worth Having. 

Mr. Pattosien gave all of his clerks a per cent, for 
the entire month of December. Some made more 
than their salary, which is much higher than the gen- 
eral run of stores pay. The motto of the gentleman 
is to treat his help just as good as the public. This is 
worthy to be copied by all bosses ; there then would 
be more contentment among the people, and Mark- 
ham's great poem, "The Man With the Hoe," 
would never have been written. 

Wanted — Position as companion or secretary to 
alady. References. Miss P., Lox 12, Argonaut. 

Palace Hotel 

Every feature connected with the manage- 
ment of this hotel was introduced for the pur- 
pose of adding to the comfort, convenience, and 
entertainment of guests. 

The policy of providing luxuries such as 
have made the Palace famous will continue in 
force, and innovations calculated to still further 
increase its popularity will be introduced. 

Desirable location, courteous attaches, un- 
surpassed cuisine, and spacious apartments are 
the attributes that have made the Palace the 
ideal place for tourists and travelers who visit 
San Francisco. 

American plan. European plan. 

A Tonic and Nerve Food 

Acid Phosphate. 

When exhausted, depressed 
or weary from worry, insomnia 
or overwork of mind or bod)', 
take half a teaspoon of Hors- 
ford's Acid Phosphate in half a 
glass of water. 

It nourishes, strengthens and 
imparts new life and vigor by 
supplying the needed nerve food. 

Sold by Druggists in original packages only 


H. Ricqles being a member of the 
Jury, this unrivalled preparation could £ 
not be entered for competition at the 

AIcool de Menthe 



the only genuine AIcool de Menthe 


Sovereign Remedy for GRIPPE, COLDS, etc 

Take a few drops in a glass of hot water with a 

littU.- suL':ir, or in a :„'Ussoi hot milk orcapof tea. 

It cleans the teeth thoroughly; purifies the breath; 

freshens t he month d^lightf ally and niav be used tor 

the toilet in many ways with charming resnlta. 

Refuse all Imitations; demand EICQLES * 

Sold b>j all Druggists 

E. FOrCEBAA CO., AgentiforU.S.Xew York 


The Argonaut 

From 1877 to 1900. 


The Forty-Sixth. Volume is now ready. 
Complete seta of Bound Volumes, from Vol- 
ume I, to Volume XI, VI. inclusive, can be 
obtained at the office of this paper. With 
the exception of several of the earlier vol- 
umes, which are rare, the price is 85.00 per 
volume. Call at or address the Business 
Office of The Argonaut Publishing Co., 246 
Sutter Street. San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone James 2531. 


. . CALL . . 

The leading Family Daily of the Coast. 

The latest and most reliable news. 

The best and most complete reports on 
all current events. 

The Sunday Call (32 pages) replete 
with literary and art features in addition to 
the regular news departments. 

The Weekly Call (16 pages) the 
largest and best $1.00 Weekly in America. 

Subscription rates : 

Daily and Sunday, by mail 1 year 

Sunday Call 

Weekly Call 


Address all communications to 

W. S. LEAKE, Manager. 

San Francisco, Cal. 



January 14, 1901. 


For the Season of 


Tri -Weekly 






5:00 P. M. 


8:00 A. M. 





Secure Time Tables and any desired In- 
formation from any agent of the Southern 
P acific Company. 


(PACIFIC svsthm.) 

Trains leave and are due to arrive at 


(Main Line, Foot of Market Street.) 
From Jfau 



, 1901. 


6. is r 
7 15 p 

a Benicia, Soisun, Elmira, Vacaville, 

Ramsey, and Sacramento 7-45* 

no a Davis, Woodland, Knights Landing, 

Marysville, Oroville 7-45 * 

„ a Atlantic Express— Ogden and East. . 12.15 * 
00 A Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, Napa, 

Calistoga, and Santa Rosa 

mA Niles, Livermore, Tracy, Lathrop, 

Stockton ■ ■ ; • ■ ■ ■ • ■ ■ • 

Shasta Express — Davis, Williams 
(for Bartlett Springs), Willows, Red 

Bluff, Portland 7 45 * 

San Jos*, Livermore, Stockton, lone, 
Sacramento, PLacerville, Marys- 
ville, Chico, and Red Bluff 415 * 

8 «>a Oakdale, Chinese, Sonora, Carters... 4.15 P 
I 00 a Haywards, Niles, and Way Stations 1 1 45 a 
too a Los Angeles Express - Martinez, 
Tracy, Lathrop, Stockton, Merced, 

Fresno, ard Los Angeles .__ 7-*5* 

Vallejo, Martinez, and Way Stations 5.45 P 
The Overland Limited — Ogden, 

Denver, Omaha, Chicago 6.45 P 

11 00 a Niles, Stockton, Sacramento, Men. 
dota, Fresno, Hanford, Visalia, and 

Porterville ............. 415 P 

11 00 a Livermore, Sanger, Goshen Junction, 

Bakersfield, Los Angeles 

♦1 00 p Sacramento River Steamers. . . ... ... t5 0° a 

I 00 P Haywards, Niles, and Way Stations . S 45 P 
Martinez, San Ramon, Vallejo, Napa, 

Calistoga, and Santa Rosa 9 "5 a 

Benicia, Winters, Sacramento, 
Woodland, Knights Landing, 

Marysville, and Oroville 10.45 * 

Haywards, Niles, and San Jose" to 45 a 

c qo p Niles, Livermore, Stockton, Lodi. . . . 10.45 a 
« 00 P Sunset Limited, El Paso, New Or- 

" leans.and East cio.15 a 

, 00 p The Owl Limited. Tracy, Fresno, 
5 Bakersfield, Saugus for Santa Bar- 

bara, and Los Angeles 

c 00 r New Orleans Express— Bakersfield, 
' Santa Barbara, Los Angeles, Dem- 

ing El Paso, New Orleans, and East -, ., 3 ~ 

Haywards, NUes, and San Jose" 7-45 A 

Valleio « -45 a 

Oriental Mail — Ogden, Cheyenne, 

Omaha, Chicago ».i5 P 

Oriental Mail — Ogden, Denver, 

Omaha, Chicago -•■• 4*5 P 

7 00 p Oregon and California Express, Sac- 

7 ramento, MarysviUe.Redding, Port- 

land, Paget Sound, and East 8.45 a 

8 01 P San Pablo, Port Costa, Martinez, 

and Way Stations 11 -45 a 

[8.05 T V allejo 7^5P 

30 A 

30 A 

9.30 A 

4.OO P 

4-3° ' 
5 00 P 

6.00 r 
t6.os p 

6.00 r 

6.00 f 

1.15 a 

7 -45 A 

COAST DIVISION (Narrow Gauge). 

fFoot of Market Street). 

fa 15 P 

8.1SA Newark, Centerville, San Jose, Fel- 
ton, Boulder Creek, Santa Cruz, 

and Way Stations y-;-- 

Newark, Centerville, San Jose, New 
Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creek, 
Santa Cruz, and Principal Way 

Stations -- ,«.a»- 

.„P Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos. ...... 8.50A 

ao la p Hunters' Excursion, San Jose and 

Way Stations t7-a° p 

6 . 20. T 

f I O.5O A 


From SAN FRANCISCO— Foot of Market St. (Sbp 8)- 

V7 s< 0-00 ii.ooa.m., 1.00 3.00 s .00 P.M. 

From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway- t6 .00 18 .00 

°8 OS »■*> A - M " I2 °° 2 "°° 4 — S-IS P * M * 

'COAST DIVISION (Broad Gauge). 

(Third and Townsend Streets.) 

| a 

9.00 a 

10.40 a 
11.30 A 

Ocean View, South San Francisco. .. . f6-3° P 
San Jos* and Way Stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only) ••••.•■ 1 .30 P 
San Jose, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, San 
Luis Obispo, Surf, Lompoc, and 

Principal Way Stations 4.10 P 

San Jos* and Way Stations 6 .35 A 

.30 a San Jose and Way Stations . . ....... 5 -3° P 

** « F San Mateo, Redwood, Menlo Park, 
r * 3 Palo Alto, Santa Clara, San Jose, 

Tree Pinos, Santa Cruz, Salinas, 

Monterey, and Pacific Grove tio.36 a 

f ,. 30 p San Jose and Way Stations. .......... 7-30 * 

If « p San Jose and Principal Way Stations 9.45 a 
♦c'oo P San Jos*, Los Gatos, and Principal 

TS Way Stations t9 00 a 

e » r San Jos* and Principal Way Stations 8 .35 a 

fiior San Jos* and Way Stations t 8.ooa 

gTt'lc r San Jos* and Way Stations 7-3Q > 

A for Morning. P for Afternoon. 

+ Sunday excepted. t Sunday only. 

jtM ndays, Wednesdays, Fridays, 
% Tuesdays, Thursdays, Sundays. 

a Saturday onl y. , __ 

cyi 1 >r and check baggage from hotels and residences. 
Sfq.ire of Ticket Agents f« Time Cards and other in- 
fen '.lion. 

If France wishes to get x\d of her tiresome General 
Mercier she ought to give him the command of that 
invasion of England.— St. Louis Republic. 

" Bridget told Mrs. Nextdoor that I was a hen- 
pecked fool; shall I discharge her?" " At once ! 
Bridget has no right to tell our family secrets to the 
neighbors." — Life. 

"Is the boss in?" asked the stranger, entering 
the drug store. " No," replied the absent-minded 
clerk; "but we have something just as good." — 
Yonkers Statesman. 

Corrected : Lady tourist (doing the Cathedral of 
Scotland) — " This is Gothic, isn't it, John?" 
Juvenile vendor of "Guides" (severely) — "No, 
mem, this is Presbyterian." — Punch. 

A man bought a sausage for five cents ; the next 
day be got a letter from a friend, saying the sausage 
was made out of dog-meat. Problem : Who gave 
him the pointer 1—The AntUVivisectionist. 

The comedian boarder resumed his seat and said : 
" The landlady should get her steak a job on a war- 
ship." "Doing what?" queried the sweet singer, 
with true stage comedy. " Repelling boarders ! " — 

Ruins : " Ah ! " said the Englishman, " but you 
have no ruins in your country." "We haven't, 
eh ? " the American replied ; "say, you ought to see 
Dave Hill and W. L. Wellington ! " — Chicago 

The indignant citizen : " Don't drag my name 
into print in connection with this absurd affair," 
cried the indignant citizen ; " but if you do, be sure 
to spell out ray middle name in full." — Cleveland 
Plain Dealer. 

Resting his eyes : Exchange editor — " 1 am sorry 
to say my eyes have gone back on me, and I can't 
read any more. Can't you give me something else 
to do?" Managing editor— "You might do book 
reviews." — Ex. 

He (in his wrath)— " When I married you 1 had 
no idea what a fool you were." She (in her equa- 
nimity) — " The fact that I was willing to marry you 
should have removed all doubts on that point." — 
Boston Transcript. 

A rise in life : Casey — "Since the Hoolihans got 
rich, I sh'pose they're t'rowin' on all kinds av 
shtoile." Murphy — "I sh'd say so ! They've 
changed th' goat's name to' Nannette, b'gob ! " — 
Baltimore American. 

The Cheerful Idiot: "I wonder," said the shoe- 
clerk boarder, "why they call it mistletoe?" "It 
is so called because the miss'll toe the mark every 
time she sees a bit of it suspended anywhere," said 
the Cheerful Idiot. — Indianapolis Press. 

The ultimate cause : " But why is it," asked the 
thoughtful Chinese, ' ' that I may go to your heaven 
while I may not go to your country ? " The Ameri- 
can missionary shrugged his shoulders. "There's 
no labor vote in heaven ! " said he. — Puck. 

Scandal: "She seems to me one of the most 
distinguished-looking young women in Boston 1 " 
" They tell dreadful stories about her ! " " In- 
deed?" "Yes, they say, for instance, that the 
lenses of her spectacles are plain glass, with no 
magnifying power whatever." — Detroit Journal. 

Began like one : Mamma — " Once upon a time 

there was a goose that laid golden eggs " Little 

Eddie (interrupting) — " Is we to believe this story, 
mamma ? " Mamma (amused) — " Just as you 
please." Little Eddie (with a sigh of relief)—" Oh, 
I thought perhaps it was a Bible story." — Brooklyn 

Excused, of course : (The scarlet fever epidemic is 
bad in the village.) Cautious teacher — "Why did 
you stay away from school yesterday ? " Mabel — 
" Please, miss, muvver's sick." Cautious teacher 
(anxiously) — "What is the matter with her; what 
does the doctor say it is ? " Mabel — " Please, miss, 
he says it's a girl." — Moonshine. 

Kidnaping reform : The kidnaper frowned. 
"What's the matter?" asked the old pal whom 
he had not seen for years. "I expected," the 
kidnaper answered, "to find twenty-five thousand 
dollars in the sack I had hung by the chimney in 
the deserted cabin, but all I got was a note saying 
the boy was only a stepson. Curses on the man 
who declines to be a father to his wife's other hus- 
band's children 1 We must move to have our di- 
vorce laws amended." — Chicago Times-Herald. 

Stefdman's Soothing Powders are termed soothing 
because they correct, mitigate, and remove disorders 
of the system incident to teething. 

A dreadful state of affairs : He — " Well, we can't 
believe more than half we hear." She — " Oh, worse 
than that ; I can't believe more than half I say." — 
Life. ' _ 

— Dr. E. O. Cochrane, Dentist, removed 
to Spring Valley Building. Office hours, 9 to 5. 


Mailed free on application. 


327 Montgomery Street. 




Newspaper Clippings from Press of State, Coast, Coun* 
try on any Topic — Business, Personal, or Political. 

Advance Reports on Contracting Work. Coast Agents 
of best Bureaus in America and Europe. 
Telephone M. 1042. 





For Printing 
and Wrapping. 

401-403 Sansome St. 


100 x 145 Feet. Near City Hall. 

Mothers be sure and use " Mrs. Winslow's 
Soothing Syrup " for your children while teething. 


Or building will be erected to suit tenant 
over whole or part of lot on a ten years' 
lease. Deep lot, adjoining' Studebaker Bros. 
Street in rear. 

218-220 Montgomery Street. 


By special arrangement with the publishers, and by concessions in price on both sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers direct to this office : 

Subscribers in renewing subscriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention the date of expiration 
in order to avoid mistakes. 

The Argonaut and the Century for One Tear, by Mail S7-00 

The Argonaut and Seribner's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.25 

The Argonaut and St. Nicholas for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and Harper's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's "Weekly for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's Bazar for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and the Weekly New York Tribune (Republican) for One Year, by Mail 4.50 

The Argonaut and the Thrice -a- Week N. Y. World (Democratic) for One Year, by Mail 4.25 

The Argonaut, the Weekly Tribune, and the Weekly World for One Year, by Mail.... 5.25 

The Argonaut and Political Science Quarterly for One Year, by Mail 5.90 

The Argonaut and the English Illustrated Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.70 

The Argonaut and the Atlantic Monthly for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Outing for One Year, by Mail 5.76 

The Argonaut and Judge for One Year, by Mail 7.50 

The Argonaut and Blackwood's Magazine (monthly) for One Year, by Mail 6.20 

The Argonaut and the Critic for One Year, by Mail 5.10 

The Argonaut and Life for One Year, by Mail 7.75 

The Argonaut and Puck for One Year, by Mall 7.50 

The Argonaut and Demoreet's Family Magazine for One Year, by Mail 5.00 

The Argonaut and Current Literature for One Year, by Mail 5.90 

The Argonaut and the Nineteenth Century (monthly) for One Year, by Mail 7*25 

The Argonaut and the Argosy for One Year, by Mail ." 4.35 

The Argonaut and the Overland Monthly for One Year, by Mail 4.25 

The Argonaut and the Review of Reviews for One Year, by Mail 5.75 

The Argonaut and Lippincott's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.20 

The Argonaut and the North American Review for One Year, by Mail 7.50 

The Argonaut and the Cosmopolitan for One Year, by Mail 4.36 

The ATgonaut and the Forum for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and Vogue for One Year, by Mail 6.10 

The Argonaut and Littell's Living Age for One Year, by Mail 9.00 

The Argonaut and Leslie's Weekly for One Year, by Mall 5.60 

The Argonaut and the International Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.60 

The Argonaut and the Pall Mall Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and the Mexican Herald for One Year, by Mail 10. SO 

The Argonaut and Munsey'a Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.36 

The Argonaut and BIcClure'e Magazine for One Year, by Mall 4 35 

The Argonaut and the Criterion for One Year, by Mall 4.85 

The Argonaut. 

Vol. XLVIII. No. 1245. 

San Francisco, January 21, 1901. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— The Argonaut (title trade-marked) is pub- 
lished every -week at No. 246 Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, ■$ 4.00 per year ; six wont Its, $2.25 ; three months, S/.30. 
payable in advance—postage prepaid. Subscriptions to ail foreign countries 
within tlu Postal Union, •Sj.oo per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, 10 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in tlu interior supplied by tlie San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, above Powell, to whom all orders from 
the trade should be addressed. Subscribers wishing tlteir addresses changed 
should give their old as -well as new addresses. The A merican News Company; 
New York, are agents for t/ie Eastern trade. T/ic Argonaut may be ordered 
from any News Dealer or Postmaster in tlu United States or Europe. No 
traveling canvassers employed. Special advertising rates to publishers. 

Address all communications intended for tlu Editorial Department tints; 
" Editors Argonaut, 246 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cat." 

Address all communications intended for tlu B/tsiruss Department thus; 
" The Argonaut Publishing Company, 246 Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cod." 

Make all checks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to "Tlu Argonaut 
Publishing Company." 

The Argonaut can be obtained in London at Tlu International News Co., 
S Breams Buildings, Chancery Lane; American Newspaper and Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buildings, Northumberland Avenue. In Paris, at 3J 
Az'Cnue de I'Opira. In New York, at Brentands, 31 Union Square. In 
Chicago, at 206 Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at 10 is Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, fames 2J3I. 



Editorial: Returning Volunteers to Go Home — A Mistake Not to Be 
Repeated — The Programme of Secretary Root — The Assembly and Its 
New Bills — A Flood of New Measures — Some Important Questions- 
Newspapers of the New Century — Publisher Harmsworth's Object- 
Lesson— The Cost of Coming Changes— Objections to Abnormal Ad- 
vertising — Columns No Human Being Wants to Read — Special Jour- 
nals for Special Lines of Trade — A Trust for Newspaper Opinions — 
Not to Be Tolerated by the American People — Topics for Trust Edi- 
torials — Laws to Prevent Kidnaping — Inadequate Provisions of the 
Statutes — Proposed Remedies — The Losses by Fire Last Year — Large 
Increase in Figures— More Effective Precautionary Measures Needed — 
Puerto Rico Cases in Court — Briefs of the Plaintiffs — Solicitor-General 
Richards's View — To Eenefit the Wines of California — Combination of 
Producers and Dealers— The State Printing-Office — Extravagant and 
Useless — A Failure That Should Be Abolished 1-3 

Communications: "'A Briton' on Americans and Boers"; "Is 
Taxation for the University a ' Swindle";" ; " A West Point Cadet of 
1838" 3 

Marietta's Ideal: A Romance of Neapolitan Every-Day Life. From 
the German of H . Rosenthal-Bonin 4 

Washington Gossip : President McKinley, Secretary Hay, and the Canal 
Treaty— The Administration's Concession in the Puerto Rico Cases — 
General Miles and Alger— Senator Hoar's Speech 5 

Christmas in London: The Hunting Season Interrupted by Visits to 
Town for Shopping— Growing Popularity of Hotels— Other American 
Ideas Now in Favor — The Astor Ball 5 

The Lost Pyx. Py Thomas Hardy 6 

Individualities : Notes About Prominent Peopla All Over the World 6 

A Tragedy Told in Love-Letters : The Mystery Surrounding the 
Publication of " An Englishwoman's Love-Letters " — Are They Truth 
or Fiction t 7 

Recent Verse: " 1901," by Algernon Charles Swinburne; " Tothe Nine- 
teenth Century," by John Kendrick. Bangs 8 

Literary Notes : Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Publica- 
tions _8-o 

Charlotte Bronte's "Jane Eyre": Some Reminiscences of Its Pub- 
lication by George Smith— How the Public Learned the Identity of 
*' Currer Bell " 9 

Drama : Florence Roberts in " Nell Gwynne." By Josephine Hart 
Phelps 10 

La Loie's Return to America: Her Experiences in Running a Theatre 
at the Paris Exposition — Description of Her Latest Dances 11 

Stage Gossip n 

Vanity Fair: How Lillie Verona's Hair Turned Green in a Single Night 
— The Druggist Sued for Damages— Private Crests on Hotel Carriages 
—Taken On and Off at Pleasure— Correct Sunday-Evening Dress — 
Church Service an Exception — May Irwin's New Project — A Bachelor 
Apartment-House on Model Lines— Maine's Lobster Harvest Still Safe 
— One Luxury That Is Not Disappearing— A New Occupation for 
Women in England— Breaking in Shoes — The Kindly German Cus- 
toms — Reforms That Are Needed in American Society 12 

Stosyettes : Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise — Professor 
Huxley on Bishops— A Retort by O'Connell— A Spokane Literary 
Effort — Brignoli and the Priest— Ex- President Harrison on the Demo- 
cratic Situation — Lowell's Eye for Ideas — The Captain's Query — Gov- 
ernor Scofield's Cow — Emerson's Last Lecture ™ 

The Tuneful Liar: "Tale of a Tipper," "The Dying Cadet" 13 

Society : Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip — Army and 
Navy News i4 -I 5 

The Alleged Humorists : Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dismal Wits 
of the Day !6 

Report has it that the discussion of the Army Reorganiza- 
Rsturninc tion B ' U in the Senate brought about some 

Volunthers interesting statements from Secretary Root, 

to Go Home. of the War department. A conference with 
Senate members of the military committee attracted the 
attention of newspaper men, to whom the Secretary is said 
to have" talked quite freely of the necessity of keeping sixty 
thousand men employed in the Philippines for the immedi- 
ate future, and the requirement of an army of one hundred 
thousand under present conditions in those islands and Cuba. 
Direct questioning brought out the purpose of the admin- 

istration to delay final arrangements for the return of the 
volunteers from Manila until Congress shall indicate its in- 
tention with regard to their replacement by fresh troops. 
At any rate, San Francisco will heartily approve the arrange- 
ment determined upon to muster out these troops in the 
vicinity of their homes and not in this city. One experience 
of that kind was had in 1S99, when the Argonaut vigorously 
protested against dumping the whole mass of returned 
soldiers upon the city to find their way home as they could, 
or, as happened in many cases, to become charges upon the 
charity of our citizens, an annoyance to the municipal au- 
thorities, and not infrequently a terror to the peacefully in- 

When the second large installment of volunteers arrives, 
we trust the same mistake will not be repeated. It is in the 
interest of the soldier himself, as well as of this community, 
that the volunteer go directly home. It is now known that 
any other course tempts too large a number to spend their 
money here upon amusements which are by no means the 
best for their moral and physical health, and which result in 
their being stranded here. This does not apply to the vol- 
unteers as a body, but experience has shown that it does 
apply to a goodly proportion of the body of sixty thousand 
who will pass through this city. 

The Secretary's programme should be faithfully carried 
out, even though it may upset the tentative arrangements 
said to have been made already by the adjutant-general and 
the quartermaster's department, by which it was contem- 
plated to muster out the troops here. The Secretary of 
War will deserve the thanks of this community if he per- 
sists in nipping the scheme in the bud. 

The first day of the introduction of new bills in the assembly 
The Assembly at Sacramento, this session, resulted in a 
and Its crop of two hundred and twelve proposed 

New Bills. measures. Some of these were important, 

while the majority will be found among the unfinished busi- 
ness at the close of the session. Among the more import- 
ant measures the cause of education takes a prominent 
place. The number of students at the University of Cali- 
fornia has been growing out of all proportion to its income. 
A committee composed of members of the board of regents, 
faculty, and alumni association, has prepared a relief meas- 
ure, the main points of which have already been published 
in these columns, and this was among the first measures in- 
troduced. Stanford University's interests are represented 
by a bill exempting the property of that institution from 
taxation, in accordance with the constitutional amendment 
adopted at the last election. Forestry receives attention in 
the introduction of two bills — one providing for the protec- 
tion of trees, the other for joint action with the federal gov- 
ernment in investigating the water resources of the State, and 
the best methods of forest preservation. The recent amend- 
ment to the constitution regarding primary elections is respon- 
sible for a batch of bills. They are all more or less similar, 
except the new constitutional amendment proposed by Mr. 
Sutro, which looks to the introduction of the system of voting 
at primaries for candidates directly, and so doing away with 
conventions. Dr. George H. Martin's proposed changes in 
the public-school system, which have been discussed in 
these columns, are represented by two measures, one being 
a constitutional amendment establishing a State board of 
education. The divorce question, of perennial interest, 
again comes to the front with a bill repealing the section of 
the code that prohibits divorced people marrying within one 
year." The appropriation bills, though individually small in 
amount, are numerous, and aggregate more than half a 
million dollars. One appropriates $100,000 for the pur- 
chase of the land of the State Agricultural Society at Sacra- 
mento, and another $150,000 for the investigation of water 
storage and forest preservation. For the model State high- 
way between Sacramento and Folsom, which has been ad- 
vocated for some years, $35,000 is asked, and other road 
measures call for $50,000 more. The State institutions, as 
usual, are in need of improvements. The Veteran's Home 
at Vountville wants a hospital to cost. $50,000 ; the Men- 

docino asylum wants $57,000 ; the Chico Normal School 
wants $25,000, while that at Los Angeles will be satisfied 
with $10,000. One ambitious legislator hopes to get 
$50,000 for the establishment of a polytechnic school in 
San Luis Obispo County. These are but a few selections 
from the first day's crop of bills. There have been many 
others since, and they will continue to pour in. There is 
one re-assuring feature of the session, however, and that is 
the rapidity with which the two houses have got to work. 

Not a little comment has been caused by the appearance of 
Newspapers Alfred Harmsworth as a New York news- 

of the paper editor. Mr. Harmsworth was asked 

New Century. by Mr _ p ulitzer) p r0 p r i et or of the New York 
World, to take entire charge of that journal for its issue of 
New-Year's Day. This he did, and the number issued 
under his charge was largely sold. As it typifies Mr. Harms- 
worth's ideas concerning daily newspapers, and as he is a 
very successful English newspaper publisher, it has attracted 
much attention both in and out of newspaper circles. Briefly 
to describe it, the Harmsworth issue of the World consisted 
of thirty-two instead of sixteen pages — the usual number of 
pages was doubled, but the pages were one-half the usual 
size. It contained few illustrations ; the news, local and 
telegraphic, was given in highly condensed form ; what 
newspaper men call " features," and what newspaper readers 
call " sensations," were absent. Mr. Harmsworth claimed 
for his " newspaper of the future " these merits : " Saving of 
the reader's time ; advantage to advertisers ; convenient 
shape for car and chair reading ; neatness for carrying in 
the pocket." The principal objection urged against the 
Harmsworth journal by newspaper men was that it "looked 
too much like a magazine," the pages being eleven by 
eighteen inches — about the size of the Argonaut. 

Mr. Harmsworth's object-lesson in journalism is supple- 
mented by an article from him in the January North 
American Review. In this he maintains that the proper 
form for the newspaper of the future is that of a small, 
portable, and neatly indexed publication, the size, thickness, 
and general appearance being identical with that of the New 
York Outlook, which journal he calls " the best of weekly 
reviews." This magazine size of page is much more con- 
venient than the present bulky form of our daily newspapers, 
and it is certain that their conductors will be forced to 
change to that form before many years. There has been a 
marked diminution in the size of newspaper pages in the 
last thirty years. Old newspaper- readers may recall the 
enormous blanket-sheets like the Boston Courier and the 
Philadelphia Public Ledger of years ago. In San Francisco 
the latest survival of the blanket-sheet was the old Alta 
California, which died years ago. Every ten years has wit- 
nessed a diminution in the size of the daily newspaper 
page, and we will venture the prediction that within ten 

years daily newspapers will be issued in small quarto-form 

smaller than the page before the reader ; inside of twenty 
years they will be issued in octavo-form, or magazine-page 
size. Thus far we agree with Mr. Harmsworth. 

The principal objection to this change in page form is 
mechanical. Most of the daily newspapers own large and 
costly plants. Their plants include "perfecting" presses, 
costing many thousands of dollars. These presses print, 
fold, and paste newspapers of the present-size page at the 
rate of many thousands per hour. It is impossible to make 
changes in these presses, nor can they be used for any other 
purpose. Were great changes to be made in the size of news- 
paper pages these costly presses would at once become 
scrap-iron and junk. It is easy to understand why news- 
paper publishers shrink from making any such changes. A 
minor instance may be given of the reluctance of pub- 
lishers to make mechanical changes. There is published 
in Philadelphia a magazine which claims — and probably 
possesses — the largest circulation of any periodical in the 
United States : some three-quarters of a million of copies. 
It began with a small quarto or large-sized magazine page, 
about 12 x iS inches. As its business grew it increased its 
plant, and now has scores of presses turning out it 


January 21, 1901, 

fashioned page. It is continually importuned by its readers 
to change to the ordinary magazine size, and its owners are 
more than anxious to do so. But they are appalled at the 
necessity for sending its costly plant to the scrap - heap. 
Were a similar necessity to be imposed upon the pro- 
prietors of the daily newspapers of the United States the 
loss would aggregate scores of millions of dollars. It 
would be almost as cheap to let their establishments burn 

In addition to the smaller and more convenient size of page, 
^ there is another point to which the twentieth- 

Objections to r 

Abnormal century newspaper will be forced to come. 

Advertising, k i s the diminution or abolition of its adver- 
tising columns. In the newspapers of the eighteenth cent- 
ury the advertising filled a small and unimportant space. 
But about the time of the railway mania — say, 1840 — the 
nineteenth-century newspapers first perceived the possibility 
of the advertising field. Since then, the space devoted to 
advertising has steadily grown. Within the last ten years it 
has swollen to such abnormal proportions that it has become 
a nuisance. The daily papers indulge in continual boasting 
over their enormous number of columns of advertising, and 
thus confuse the public mind. But, as a matter of fact, an 
abnormal amount of advertising in a newspaper is not an 
advantage to the purchaser. The reading matter is what 
he wants to read. The advertising matter is what the 
advertiser and the publisher want to force him to 
read. Within the bounds of reason, advertisements have 
been tolerated. But they have been pushed out of all rea- 
son. In recent special issues of some New York dailies there 
were printed the amazing number of 320, 359, and 392 col- 
umns of advertising. No human being could read all of 
this. No human being wants to. To foist upon the purchaser 
of a paper such an amount of worse than useless matter is 
an imposition, and one which the public, slow as it is to detect 
impositions, will discover soon. Newspaper readers do not 
want bulk, they want portability. They do not want acres, 
they want inches. They do not want columns, they want 
lines. Matters have reached such a pass with the daily 
newspapers that it is difficult to disentangle the news from 
the ads. When matters have reached such a pass it will 
not be long before there will be a revolution — and the revo- 
lution is coming soon. 

To those who might object to this, that advertisements 
are a necessity, and that some people must read them, the 
reply is, " Very true ; but not in general newspapers." 
Already there are many special journals which publish 
special lines of advertising. There is in San Francisco a 
law journal which publishes the court calendars ; there is a 
transcript of records which publishes real-estate transfers, 
mortgages, etc., in extenso ; there used to be a mining- 
stock sheet, when there was a mining-stock business, which 
published the mining-stock sales, genuine and " wash." 
These were none of them of sufficient general interest for a 
general newspaper. Correspondingly, the twentieth-century 
newspaper will be forced to relegate its vast mass of special 
advertising to special journals. And the public will be the 

Leaving the mechanical side of newspaper publishing, Mr. 

. ,. Harmsworth takes up the editorial side. He 

A Trust for r 

Newspaper believes that the newspapers of the future 

Opinions. w ju come under the control of a great trust 

like the Standard Oil, and will issue editions simultaneously 
in New York, Boston, Chicago, Philadelphia, and other 
cities ; that rival newspapers would be so weakened by the 
trust competition that they would be either purchased or 
killed ; that " by simultaneous publication the provincial 
purchaser would be placed on an equal footing with the 
dweller in cities, and that gradually all lesser newspapers 
would disappear except those run by the trust." We doubt 
the realization of this portion of Mr. Harmsworth's iridescent 
newspaper dream. It is impossible for any central newspaper 
to retain its hold on the interests and sympathies of widely 
separated communities. The influential newspapers of the 
United States are not published in great cities. They are pub- 
lished in rural communities. The great metropolitan dailies 
are almost destitute of influence. The editors of the rural 
journals are in touch with their readers and know their needs. 
It is frequently the case that great metropolitan newspapers 
display the most astounding ignorance of the desires and 
opinions of the people of their own districts. This is often 
shown in non-political elections. In San Francisco in 1899 
every daily save one opposed the new charter ; it was car- 
ried. In the larger towns of California in 1879 every lead- 
ing daily journal — except one — was against the new constitu- 
tion. The editors and proprietors of those journals believed 
that i'. would be overwhelmingly defeated. But it was 
overwhelmingly carried. Illustrations like this could be 
give' without number. 

Tl "- American people have grown somewhat restless under 
the trust rigime. They do not at all fancy trusts controlling 

their necessaries of life. They even cavil at the great 
department-stores, which, in all our large cities, are driving 
the smaller shops out of existence. The great mass of the 
American people are striving dumbly to scotch the trusts, 
but they know not how. To suppose that such a people 
could contemplate with indifference a newspaper trust does 
not seem credible. A trust for the preparation of news they 
would consider barely tolerable, but a trust for the dissemi- 
nation of opinions they would not tolerate at all. Besides, the 
tacking and trimming necessary in the editorial management 
of a vast newspaper trust would render it tepid and distaste- 
ful to the average reader. Most men like opinions in news- 
papers, and they like good, vigorous, forthright opinions. 
They generally like opinions of their own kind. Democrats 
are not prpne to read with pleasure Republican editorial 
opinions. Republicans rarely rave over Democratic doc- 
trine. A newspaper trust would therefore be forced into 
silence upon all dangerous topics, which would mean all 
topics of interest. The stockholders would not permit 
their money to be jeopardized by the editorial expression of 
opinions calculated to offend any large number of readers. 
The result would be colorless editorial columns and pages 
filled with news merely, which news would be sedulously 
edited in a way to avoid offense. The trust newspapers 
would not be journals in the sense in which Americans use 
the term. They would be mere fly-sheets, news-letters, 
bulletins — not journals of force and character. 

After all is said and done, a newspaper represents the 
man who controls it. A bad man can not make a good 
newspaper. A timid man can not make a bold one. A 
venal man can not make an honest one. It has been said 
that corporations have no souls. If corporations have no 
souls, trusts have less — that is, spiritually, they are minus 
quantities. Imagine a trust editing a newspaper for the 
American people between November, i860, and March, 
1861, when Abraham Lincoln was elected but not 
inaugurated ; when a united and desperate South was 
threatening secession and assassination ; when a divided 
and perplexed North was striving to expel the traitors 
from within its ranks. Imagine a trust editing American 
newspapers when Fort Sumter was fired on. Im- 
agine a trust editing American newspapers when the 
bloody fighting was going on in the Battles of the Wilder- 
ness or at Gettysburg. Imagine a newspaper trust counting 
up corpses, Union and rebel, and calculating, cent, per cent., 
whether it would come out for or against the Confederacy. 
Foreign editors may talk of Americans accepting a news- 
paper trust in these piping times of peace, but not in the 
stormy times that tried men's souls. 

The two cases now before the United States Supreme 
Puerto Rico Court, which are attracting general interest 
Cases in because they involve the political status of 

Court. our new island possessions, are known as 

Armstrong versus The United States, and Downs versus 
the same defendant. The former is an appeal from the de- 
cision of the Court of Claims that tariff duties assessed upon 
goods imported by the plaintiff into Puerto Rico from New 
York, Philadelphia, and Baltimore were legally assessed and 
collected. The latter brings up the same question as to 
goods imported from Puerto Rico into the United States. 
Briefs have been filed on both sides, the report of which 
fairly outlines the arguments upon which the parties rest 
their contentions on the vital questions whether the constitu- 
tion follows the flag and whether Congress may legislate 
and the executive govern territories independently of that 

The plaintiffs' view is that Puerto Rico became a part of 
the United States by the operation of the Paris treaty ; that 
the constitution reaches every part of the national domain ; 
and that, in consequence, duties on commerce between the 
parts are unauthorized, void, and their collection without 
warrant of law. They contend that such principles lead to 
the conclusion that there are no restrictions upon Congress 
or the President as to territories. If Puerto Rico is not 
part of the United States, how could Congress be vested 
with a right to legislate for it ? If it is, the constitution ap- 
plies to it. 

On the government's side, the brief of Solicitor- General 
Richards calls attention to the attitude of ex-President Har- 
rison on the question as disclosed in his Ann Arbor address, 
which is stated to be that " If the government view is cor- 
rect, Congress could, without, constitutional objection, pass a 
Puerto Rican act providing for a number of shocking 
things." Mr. Richards disclaims any purpose on the part of 
the government to claim despotic power over Puerto Rico. 
If it had such a purpose it would be defeated by the first 
ten amendments to the constitution, which" cover the funda- 
mental limitations in favor of personal rights, and which 
apply directly to the federal government but do not operate 
within the States. Judicial decisions are cited to show that 
the regulation of the rights of the people outside of certain 

limitations, including bills of attainder, ex fost facto laws, 
obligations of contracts, and titles of nobility, rest primarily 
with the States. "If, then," he asks, " the constitutional guar- 
antees in these ten amendments do not tie the hands of the in- 
habitants of a Territory when it becomes a State, why should 
they limit the power of the President and Congress in gov- 
erning territorial possessions like Puerto Rico ? " In other 
words, the powers reserved to the States are claimed by the 
federal authorities to be exercised in possessions which have 
not yet reached Statehood. 

The recent abduction of young Cudahy has attracted gen- 

Laws to era ' attent ' on to tne f act 'hat none of the 

Prevent States has yet enacted a law adequately to 

Kidnaping. punish this class of crimes. In the Cudahy 

case it is announced that should the culprits be captured the 
most severe penalty that can be inflicted is that prescribed 
for obtaining money through fraud. The law in this State 
provides that any person abducting a child less than twelve 
years of age shall be liable to imprisonment not exceeding 
ten years in the State prison, and a fine not exceeding five 
hundred dollars. This is clearly inadequate. In a case such 
as that of the abduction of young Cudahy, where the stake 
played for was twenty-five thousand dollars, any such mild 
penalty would not act as a restraint. It is strange that no 
law has heretofore been enacted to cover this question. It 
was more than a quarter of a century ago that the entire 
country was startled by the abduction of Charlie Ross. 
The details of this crime have not been brought to light 
until the present time, but the circumstances should have 
suggested some remedial legislation. A law has now been 
proposed in New York by Senator Plunkilt, who claims to 
know the details of the Charlie Ross case. He proposes a 
law inflicting a penalty of twenty-five years upon all persons 
convicted of this offense. In Illinois a similar bill has been 
introduced to punish kidnaping, prescribing a sentence 
not exceeding twenty- five years, or a fine of five thousand 
dollars, or both the fine and the imprisonment. In the legis- 
lature now convened at Sacramento, Assemblyman Bauer 
has introduced a bill increasing the minimum penalty for 
this offense to five years and the maximum to forty years. 
This movement to render the punishment for kidnaping 
sufficiently severe to furnish a restraint upon those who 
would extort money by this means, deserves every encour- 
agement. The crime is distinctly a cowardly one, and 
should be stamped out with the full force of the law. As 
the statutes now stand it is surprising that there have not 
been more cases of the kidnaping of children of million- 
aires. The penalty, where any is prescribed, is insignificant 
as compared with the prospective gains. 

At the last session of the legislature a committee was ap- 
T Stath pointed to investigate the affairs of the State 

Printing- printing-office at Sacramento. Throifghout 

Office. tne sess i n there had been contests and 

charges of extravagance indicating that the management 
of the office was too strongly influenced by political con- 
siderations. It was generally understood that the chief pur- 
pose of the committee was to brush aside the charges that 
had been made, and this belief was strengthened by the 
fact that one of the members of the committee became an 
employee in the printing-office. The report has now been 
presented, and in spite of an evident effort to minimize the 
unfavorable features, the report can not hide all the facts. 
It is admitted that the charges made are from fifteen to sixty 
per cent, higher than those made by commercial printing- 
houses for similar work. The equipment is antiquated, and 
incompetent workmen are often employed. The remedy 
proposed by the committee is an appropriation of sixty thou- 
sand to seventy-five thousand dollars. To those uncon- 
nected with the State printing-office this would seem to offer 
no remedy at all. It would merely postpone the difficulty 
without removing it. Practically the entire plant would have 
to be renewed in order to enable it to compete with the 
modern outfits of private companies. This in itself would 
involve a considerable outlay, but it would not effect a 
remedy. Judged by experience, the entire experiment of the 
State going into the printing business has been a failure. 
It is not alone that the plant is not kept abreast with modern 
improvements. The State printer is dependent upon the 
legislature for the money to carry on his business, and the 
members of the legislature take advantage of this fact to 
force upon him incompetent assistants. So long as this 
practice continues, efficiency and economy in the office will 
be impossible. The worst feature of the whole experi- 
ment was the attempt to print school text-books. This has 
been a continual source of expense, and the original esti- 
mate, slightly in excess of thirty thousand dollars, has been 
expanded by successive appropriations at each session of 
the legislature, until it exceeds a quarter of a million dollars. 
The system was established for the purpose of escaping the 
exactions of the school-book ring, but it is doubtful whether 
the saving in this direction is not exceeded by the loss on 

January it, 1901. 


printing. Not only this, but there is a loss of efficiency, 
since the quality of the books is necessarily inferior to what 
could otherwise be obtained. By selecting from the 
market of the whole country, later ideas and more effect- 
ive methods can be secured. It is far easier to provide by 
law restrictions that will prevent the exactions of the book 
ring than to provide that the State printing-office shall be eco- 
nomically conducted. The experiment has been tried long 
enough. It has proved to be a failure. The State printing- 
office should be abolished. 

People in Atlantic cities do not see the reverse side of the 
_ _ war medal. In San Francisco the returning 

The Glory ° 

of Foreign transports from the Philippines are weekly 

Service. laden with wounded, sick, insane, dying, and 

dead soldiers. The number of corpses arriving is so great 
that the Presidio military cemetery is becoming a large city of 
the dead. The effect of seeing hundreds of coffins stacked 
up near the wharves has a most depressing effect upon the 
new recruits arriving from the East. Therefore the authori- 
ties have moved the dead-house to a less conspicuous point 
upon the military reservation. A curious fact is that the 
relatives of dead soldiers are now ceasing to claim the bodies. 
Corpses are held for a certain time, and then, if unclaimed, 
are buried. Over four hundred corpses arrived recently on 
the transport Grant, ninety-eight of which were small-pox 
corpses. The State of California refuses to allow these 
small-pox corpses upon its soil. Other States refuse to per- 
mit them to cross their lines. It is probable, therefore, that 
these corpses will be buried either in the ocean or over seas. 
What a revelation of the glories of foreign war ! These 
soldiers went abroad to fight for their country, they died of 
a loathsome disease on foreign service, and their dead 
bodies are now denied burial, or even landing, by the States 
of the United States. 

For many years the wine interests of this State were ham- 
_ _ pered by two forces. The product was not 

the Wines of 

known outside of the State, and the pro- 
ducers, who had gained their experience in 
foreign fields, did not know how to meet the peculiar con- 
ditions incident to the soil and the climate of California. 
This was in the infancy of the industry. Later came the diffi- 
culty that whereas certain producers had overcome these ob- 
stacles, other ignorant or unprincipled producers took advan- 
tage of the success of the others to foist upon the market in- 
ferior products, thereby creating suspicion as to all brands. 
Out of this grew a realization of the necessity for systematic 
organization and cooperation among the producers and 
dealers. A number of efforts in this direction were made, 
and though they individually may not have met with suc- 
cess, each was a step in the direction of putting the in- 
dustry upon a proper basis. The experience of California 
wines at the recent Paris Exposition proved to that part of 
the world that had been theretofore doubtful that the ex- 
pert wine producers of Europe at least recognized the 
product of this State as a serious competitor. The latest 
movement to market the wines, influenced perhaps to a cer- 
tain extent by the attitude of the European producers, 
promises much. An organization has been formed to 
handle the product to the best advantage, and in a manner 
to guarantee it to those who have heretofore feared frauds or 
substitutions. It includes financiers whose standing estab- 
lishes the fact that they will be able to push it through suc- 
cessfully, as well as wine-dealers and producers whose con- 
nection will vouch for the quality of the output. The out- 
look for the future of the wine industry of this State is 
therefore particularly favorable. 

at Stanford. 

At Stanford University the resignation of Professor Ross, 
s some weeks ago, has been followed by that of 

several other members of the faculty. Dr. 

George E. Howard severely criticised before 
his class the action of President Jordan in the Ross matter. 
President Jordan requested an apology, intimating that a re- 
fusal would entail resignation. Dr. Howard refused to 
apologize, and therefore resigned. Dr. C. N. Little, professor 
of mathematics, William Henry Hudson, professor of English 
literature, and Dr. David E. Spencer, of the history depart- 
ment, all resigned through sympathy with Professors Howard 
and Ross. The affair has caused much excitement at Stan- 
ford and general interest throughout the State. Space and 
time prevent us from discussing the matter in this week's 
issue of the Argotiaut. 

Fluctuations of public interest in reports from the seat of 
war in South Africa are shown by the reports of newspaper 
sales. The chairman of the company publishing the 
Evening News, a half-penny London paper, recently stated 
that on the relief of Ladysmith 964,440 copies of the 
News were sold. On the capture of Spion Kop 630,315 
papers were disposed of. On the following day, when 
Spion Kop was abandoned, the sale dropped to 546,696. 
Cronje's surrender was responsible for 835,569. 


"A Briton" on Americans and Boers. 

We have received a curious communication from " A 
Briton," which it may be well to answer seriatim : 

"Editors Argonaut: In the article in your issue of January 
14th, ' Men for Leaders of Men,' you say that Grant did ' do what he 
was sent to do.' But he did not do it in one month or fourteen. 
Neither was he uniformly successful, and he had his share of severe 

President Lincoln did not put any time limit on General 
Grant. Neither do we. True, General Grant had his re- 
verses. But he "got there." If "Briton's" British gen- 
erals in South Africa have " got there," the fact is not yet 

" You in common with the rest of editors trade on the general igno- 
rance or forgetfulness of the people whose opinions you seek to form. 
Great Britain has not been ' sending troops to South Africa for eighteen 
months ' ; it is but fifteen months since war was declared by the Boers 
on October nth, 1899." 

We repeat that Great Britain has been sending troops to 
South Africa for eighteen months and more. It was because 
Great Britain was pouring troops into South Africa that the 
Boers declared war. 

" In that time Great Britain has accomplished what no power has 
ever done or is able to do. Transported 280,000 men, 182,000 horses 
and mules, and over 4,000 guns, wagons, and carts, a distance of over 
6,000 miles by sea, and did this without dislocating to any marked ex- 
tent her enormous trade relations with the world at large, or without 
weakening to any appreciable extent her garrisons abroad, or her army 
at home." 

Great Britain has, indeed, transported vast numbers of 
men, horses, and cannon to South Africa, but her generals 
do not seem to have done much with them when they got there. 
Thousands of the men, through the negligence of the medical 
officers, have been poisoned by their own excreta and have 
died of enteric fever. Thousands of the horses have died 
for lack of forage. Many of the guns fell into the hands 
of the Boers. These facts were admitted in debate on the 
floor of the House of Commons. As to her not weakening 
her army by these achievements, " Briton " evidently does 
not read his own British papers. They have been "sound- 
ing the alarm " over Great Britain's danger from her 
diminished forces to such an extent as to arouse the ridicule 
of her Continental neighbors. " Briton " boasts over 
Great Britain's transporting 280,000 men to South Africa. 
Yet this enormous army was sent to crush a little nation of 
less than 100,000 men, women, and children — a nation 
whose entire army was never larger than 25,000 men. 

" Field-Marshal Lord Roberts went home because his work was 
done. It does not need the services of a field-marshal to pursue and 
run down the elusive Boers." 

Our British friend is right. " Running down " the Boers 
is apparently beneath the dignity of a British field- 
marshal. Lord Roberts having " conquered " the Boers, 
left South Africa, leaving them for Lord Kitchener 
to conquer, who also will probably leave them for Lord 
Methuen to conquer, who will leave them for other lords to 
conquer. If the lords hold out, the Lord may yet be on 
Great Britain's side. 

Lord Roberts feels so keenly the ludicrous nature of 
London's ovations to him over his "conquest" — while the 
Boers are invading Cape Colony — that he has formally re- 
quested that they cease, and has refused a tin sword of 
honor offered him by the mayor of Portsmouth. 

" These United States did not send Sherman or Sheridan to chase 
Geronimo or even Sitting Bull." 

No, lesser officers were able to capture them. Great 

Britain apparently sends her highest officers, like Roberts, 

Kitchener, Buller, and even they are not successful. 

" The difficulty in South Africa now is due simply to the mobility of 
the Boers." 

Another difficulty would seem to be the immobility of the 

" What idiocy it is to write of Boer success like the article in yester- 
day's Argonaut, Has time dimmed your memory of the Civil War ? 
Of the months of inaction, or the raids of Forrest and Mosby, and 
yet, after fifteen months of war, because the Boers, owing to the fast- 
closing grip of Kitchener, have left the Orange Colony and crossed 
over into Cape Colony." 

No, time has not dimmed our memory of the Civil War. 
If the British were facing hundreds of thousands of Con- 
federate troops instead of — at present — some five thousand 
Boers, their war would last more than fifteen years instead 
of fifteen months. 

" If ever man lived who possessed iron will, strength of character, 
tenacity, and determination, that man is Kitchener. His genius for 
organization and his strategy have been proved. He will end the 
Boers just as surely as he did the career of the Mahdi — that man 
whom you as well as other editors in these United States so often pro- 
nounced as invincible." 

We are not aware that we ever pronounced the Mahdi in- 
vincible. But Lord Kitchener is not fighting the Mahdi or 
the Dervishes. He is fighting white men of European 
blood. Lord Kitchener was more successful, by the way, 
in fighting Dervishes who had no European outlets of in- 
formation than in fighting Boers. Some of the whispers 
that leaked out concerning the doings on Kitchener's battle- 
fields in the Sudan shocked the world. Now he is apply- 
ing to South Africa some of Weyler's Cuban reconcentrado 

methods, such as the burning of farms. Even British 
public opinion has been revolted by his Sudan methods. 
We hope that Great Britain will not permit him to " end 
the Boers " in the same way that he did the Dervishes. If 
British journals may be believed, those methods included 
the defiling of tombs. 

" Truly the editors and the people of these United States know little 
indeed of the art of war. A Briton." 

Permit us delicately to point out to "A Briton" that 
British warriors have come over here twice to teach us the 
art of war. But they did not succeed. We do not wish to 
be impolite. We merely mean that they did not succeed — 
in teaching us the art of war. 

Is Taxation for the University a "Swindle"? 

San Francisco, January 13, 1901. 
Editors Argonaut: The people of California are just learning 
that they must pay annually a very much larger sura of money than 
hitherto to support the State university. Various methods are sug- 
gested. A bill in the legislature increases the charge on filing articles 
of incorporation. It taxes outside corporations filing articles of in- 
1 corporation. It taxes direct inheritances of real estate. It taxes 
I aliens who declare their intention to become citizens. All of these 
schemes will be futile. Some of them are unconstitutional ; others 
are in the line of special legislation. Besides, they are timid and 
I roundabout methods of raising money. If the university needs 
money, and if the people want to raise the money, let the legislature 
raise it by direct taxation. 

But do the people of California want to give any more money to the 
State university ? I believe that the duty of the State in education 
ends with giving a common-school training to the children of its citi- 
zens. It owes them so much of an education as will prevent them 
from becoming bad citizens. It owes them no more. When a por- 
tion of the citizens of a State succeed in educating their children in 
high schools and universities at the expense of their neighbors, they 
are committing an injustice, and when they do this against their 
neighbors' will they are committing a wrong. 

A portion of the citizens of California are giving their children the 
" higher education" at the expense of myself and other tax-payers. I ob- 
ject to it. There is some reason for my paying for the education of my 
neighbor's son in the common schools in order to prevent him from be- 
coming a pauper, a criminal, or otherwise a burden on the community. 
But there is no reason why I should pay for educating my neighbor's 
son in Greek and Latin and the higher mathematics, and my neigh- 
bor's daughter in playing the piano and the Delsarte system. It makes 
no difference what my condition in life may be. If I am a bachelor, 
rich or poor, it is a swindle to make me pay for the higher education of 
anybody's children. If I am a rich married man, it is a swindle to make 
me pay for the higher education of other people's children when I am 
paying out of my pocket for my own. If I am a married man and very 
poor — so poor that my sons and daughters must work — it is a swindle to 
make me pay for the higher education of my neighbor Jones's children, 
who is also poor, but not so poor but that his children can go to the 
State university. 

In any event, it is a swindle to tax the citizens of the State of Cali- 
fornia for maintaining a university with every kind of academic and 
technical college in which to train the children of a favored few. 

There are many things which this State needs, and needs badly. It 
needs an irrigation system most of all. It needs a vast system of rec- 
lamation by which its swamp and rule-lands can be reclaimed. It 
needs a forestry system by which its magnificent forests may be pre- 
served. It needs a highway system to replace the present trails and 
i horse-paths miscalled roads. It is more vital for California that her 
' citizens should have these necessities than that a certain number of 
young men and women shall be trained in the "--Eneid" and the 
" Iliad," taught to speak French and German, trained in the law, 
medicine, pill-rolling, and teeth-plugging, and at playing soldier. 


A West Point Cadet of 1838. 

[The following note concerning a recent editorial in the 
\ Argotiaut on the West Point hazing will be read with in- 
terest when it is known that it is from a retired officer of 
'. the United States army, whose first knowledge of West 
Point goes back more than sixty years. — EDS.] 

" Sweet are the memories linked with thee, 
Boast of a Glory-hallowed land, 
Hope of the valiant and the free. 

Home of their youthful soldier band." 

Berkeley, Cal., January 7, 1901. 
Editors Argonaut : Will you allow me to make some correc- 
tions in the last paragraph of your article in to-day's issue relative to 
the investigation in the Booz case ? 

My memory does not reach back to the birth of the academy, in 

1802, but it goes as far back as 1838: and, at that time, hazing was 

not known, even by name. It was a common thing for the old cadets 

to "bedevil the plebes." These pranks were sometimes funny and 

sometimes silly, but never brutal. If a youngster was " stuck up," he 

was very apt to be taken down a peg or two. There were occasional 

fights between cadets of different classes, or of the same class, for 

cause, as might occur in any school. No piebe, however, was ever 

1 made to fight, as you would lift up a bull-pup, by the slack of his neck, 

I to try his pluck. In the mess hall the plebes were never interfered with. 

It seems from the investigation now being held, that plebes are some- 

i times required to clean up the tents, arms, etc., of the old cadets. 

Sixty years ago nothing of the sort was ever dreamed of — nor do I 

think it could have been enforced. 

If a cadet was found unworthy of his position he was treated with 

cruelty by being cut — ostracized. The son of a prominent officer of 

the army was so treated — he had been found pilfering ; and being 

! found absent from his room several nights it was discovered that he 

1 was sleeping in an outbuilding in which the fire engine was kept. 

It may be well to remember that of the three officers composing the 
court of inquiry in this case, but one of them is a graduate of the 

I think the state of things now existing at the academy is due to a 
' desire of the cadets to keep in touch with the students of the univer- 
1 sities and colleges of the country, and to the brutality of the age in 
which we live. At present nations and individuals alike, if strong and 
powerful, use such strength in having their own sweet will, utterly re- 
gardless of the rights of others. 

If " eagling " and " bracing " are good for the plebes, let it be done 
by men detailed for that purpose, just as the plebes are drilled. This 
hazing could very easily be broken up by simply dismissing absolutely 
all who are guilty of it. J. S. 
-^ » -^— 

John Mitchell, president of the United Mine- Workers, is 
to be given a home by the anthracite miners in recc ;nition 
of his work for them during the recent strike. 


January ai, 1901. 


A Romance of Neapolitan Every-Day Life. 

Marietta Polli stood beside her rude little wooden table 
on the corner of a narrow street that branched from the Via 
Roma, still popularly called by its old name of Via Toledo, 
the most lively thoroughfare of the great city of Naples. 
She was a street-singer, and her only possessions consisted 
of a rude table, an earthen salad-bowl decorated with blue 
flowers — into which the passers-by threw their offerings — and 
a well-worn guitar. Every morning promptly at seven Marietta 
came with her table, placed it in its accustomed nook with the 
empty bowl at one corner, and, without much ado, took up 
her guitar and in a sweet, plaintive voice sang hymns for a 
full hour. From eight until noon she rendered ambitious 
operatic selections ; in the afternoon she alternated stirring 
national airs with songs of love, heroism, and adventure, 
and in the evening she changed her programme to the most 
popular ballads of the day. 

Punctually at eleven o'clock, when the streets became de- 
serted, Marietta hung her guitar over her shoulder, ex- 
tinguished the light that stood near her contribution bowl, 
poured the money into her pocket, and, after hiding the 
lamp in a secret niche in the wall near by, lifted the table 
over her head and wandered away to the tenement district 
where the tall, narrow houses swarm with children, like 
rabbits in warrens, and where whole families live huddled 
together without cleanness or decency, and the air resounds 
at once with blows and cries and singing and laughter. 
Here she slept in the small hallway of a tumble-down 
shanty which served as a cobbler's workshop. 

But Marietta was not alone in the world. Her widowed 
mother contrived to make a living from the sale of handker- 
chiefs, opera-glasses, cigar-cases, spectacles, and a miscel- 
lany of such articles, which both her half-grown sons man- 
aged to steal from unsuspecting tourists or simple strangers 
from neighboring cities. Signora Polli understood her 
calling thoroughly, and her boys were shrewd and active. 
Altogether, they fared very well, although occasionally there 
came a hungry day. Once every week the family assembled 
at the Villa Reale, the famous Neapolitan promenade-garden 
on the Chiaja, where the band gives open-air concerts. 
Then Marietta purchased for each an orange and a few 
roasted chestnuts, and slipped a few lire into the greedy 
palms of her mother. After that each went his way. The 
ragged youngsters passed their nights in unguarded barges 
or the large baskets and empty casks that were unloaded 
from the ships at the wharves, and at noon the next day met 
iheir mother at a macaroni-stall along the Molo. Here they 
delivered the articles they had stolen, and related their ad- 
ventures as they ravenously devoured their fried fish or 
macaroni made palatable with oil and tomato sauce. And 
sometimes, when they had been unusually successful, their 
mother allowed them other luxuries. Their meal ended, 
they separated again, wandering about the city in search of 
new victims. So lived the Polli family in true Neapolitan 
fashion, never knowing what the morrow would bring, and 
dependent entirely on their own versatility as liars, cheats, 
and thieves. 

Marietta was the only one of the family who possessed 
one faint spark of decency and respectability ; she clothed 
herself neatly, at least had a roof to cover her head at night, 
and earned considerable money. Her brothers declared that 
she often cleared as much as three lire a day, and, with their 
mother, wondered what became of this great wealth. How- 
ever, only when they were in the direst need did they dare 
turn to Marietta for assistance ; and then she responded 
none too generously — only enough to tide them over their 

The Neapolitans considered Marietta beautiful. From 
her father she inherited a stately figure, a smooth, broad 
forehead, and large, dreamy eyes, and from her Sicilian 
mother, a sharp, straight nose, a small mouth with firm lips, 
and a wonderful mass of curly hair, which fell in- ringlets 
about her face as she sang with down-cast eyes. This was 
her favorite attitude, but when a contribution was thrown 
into her bowl, either in compliment to the music or in com- 
passion fori the songstress, she raised her pretty face and ex- 
pressed her thanks with a grateful smile. She found no 
pleasure in conversing with the men who attempted to flirt 
with her, but, between songs, chatted with her neighbors, 
who presided over stalls where shells, coral, photographs, 
pumpkin-seeds, fish, fruit, and lemonade were offered for 

The street-singer had an enviable reputation, even among 
the poorer classes, and many families of good standing in 
the vicinity presented her with their cast-off clothing. An 
old nobleman, Prince Dorando, as he passed on his way to 
his palace each day, bowed respectfully to Marietta, and, at 
his death, left her two hundred lire in consideration of his 
esteem. Every one rejoiced at her good fortune. Some- 
times liberal strangers, fascinated by her beauty, attempted 
to make undue advances, but she repelled them with her in- 
difference. It was even said that her first real admirer, who 
was employed at the Hotel de Rome, and sported a gorgeous 
gold-laced uniform, had been quickly brought to his senses 
when his love-making became too ardent. 

This strange conduct of Marietta was not due to the fact 
that she loathed the sterner sex, but because she had hopes 
of one day realizing the ideal of her dreams — to become the 
owner of one of the countless little cabs which thread their 
way through the crowded streets of Naples and are patron- 
ized alike by rich and poor. She hoped not only to own 
such a vehicle, but to ride in it as well. And often, after 
she had attended mass on Sunday morning, she paid a 
cochr a lire to drive her from one end of the city to the 
other and back again. Dressed in her pretty Sunday frock, 
with a gorgeous yellow shawl thrown about her shoulders, 
arit her ears ornamented with massive coral ear-rings, she 
sat 'n state, leaning back with all the grace and majesty of a 
quet:, her eyes sparkling with joy and satisfied ambition. 

Naturally, in these outings she attracted many admirers, but 
to her chargrin, not one of them proved a cocher. Whether 
they came into the world already married, Marietta was 
never able to satisfy herself. And it was remarkable what a 
faculty she possessed of finding out, after a few words, even 
before she entered a cab, whether the driver was married or 

Thus the years rolled by and her prayers remained un- 
answered ; no cocher proposed to the patient Marietta. 
When she approached her twenty-fifth year — that dreaded 
period of an Italian woman's life, when she takes on flesh 
rapidly and her youthful charms depart, Marietta began to 
worry. She realized only too well that she would be no ex- 
ception to the rule, and feared that within a year she would 
no longer be able to stand on her corner and sing to the 
passers-by without being jeered and hooted. 

How would she earn a livelihood when she was crowded 
out of this calling ? She had never attended school, knew 
no trade, and could not think of working in a factory, for 
Naples had but few, and those overflowed with girls who 
received a mere pittance for their hard labor. Open a 
fruit, or vegetable, or lemonade stand ? No, for in almost 
every other doorway these were for sale. As a last resort, 
she might adopt the methods pursued by her mother, but 
she shuddered at the thought, for Marietta was governed 
by nobler impulses, and her aspirations soared higher. 

In the midst of her despair she suddenly clapped her 
hands in joy as an inspiration came to her. From a friend, 
who had recently traveled in Switzerland, she learned that 
there were women doctors, telegraph-operators, mail-carriers, 
and railway ticket-sellers in the little republic who gave com- 
plete satisfaction and were independent like the men. She 
had become an ardent believer in the wisdom of women's 
emancipation, and here, she argued, was an opportunity to 
test it. If no cocher would propose to her, why not become 
a cocher herself ? No one could prevent her from making 
an honest living, and what a delightful avocation it would 
be. First, one could have the pleasure of riding the whole 
day long ; second, some one else would have to foot the 
bill ; and, last but not least, she could win far more fame 
and fortune as the first woman cocher of Naples than as a \ 
street-singer dependent on the whims of the fickle public. 
And if her experiment proved a success, she could soon 
amass great wealth and then retire from the business. 

That was the scheme which Marietta concocted after an 
hour of deep meditation. She had perfect confidence in 
herself, and the plan did not seem strange, as she had prac- 
tically lived in the streets from infancy. No sooner did her 
dreams begin to take definite form than she decided to act 
at once. Hastening to her landlord, the cobbler, she drew 
a little bank-book from her bosom, and bade him count up 
the figures that she might refresh her memory and be cer- 
tain that by this time at least nine hundred lire lay safely 
deposited to her credit in the national bank. 

For Marietta, in addition to being blessed with an artistic 
temperament, had the business instinct in her developed to 
a large extent. She went first to an aunt who had not lost all 
her charms and still possessed a fair voice and some money, 
and, for a consideration, offered to dispose of her precious 
table, bowl, and guitar. This opportunity was eagerly taken 
advantage of, and, on the following day, instead of the 
familiar form of the beautiful Marietta, one saw a thin, 
yellow woman stationed on the corner, who sang with much 
effort in a shrill, metallic voice. Marietta in the meantime 
was bargaining with a cocker's widow for a thin, scrawny 
little horse, a red-painted cab with new matting on the floor 
and two large lanterns at either side of the driver's seat, 
which, after much bickering, she succeeded in purchasing 
for seven hundred lire. 

Marietta was in her seventh heaven. She hailed an omni- 
bus which ran between Naples and a little suburb, and, 
climbing to the side of the cocher, asked him to teach her to 
drive in return for her fare. Truly, he thought, she must 
be joking, but when he saw the look of earnestness in her 
eyes, he refrained from laughing, being only too willing to 
earn the money. To and fro Marietta was conveyed some 
twenty-eight times in the course of four hours, and at length 
she felt fully competent to handle the reins of any horse. 

A few days later Marietta drove her cab along the Chiaja, 
and, drawing up at a busy corner, waited for passengers. 
As she looked down from her high seat at the long line of 
slowly moving vehicles, she did feel a bit strange, and her 
heart thumped violently. But she was so happy. With a 
natty little cap on her fluffy hair, and a whip in her hand, she 
made such a striking picture that in less than ten minutes 
she had attracted the attention not only of the hundreds of 
passers-by, who stopped and admired the dainty little 
cocher, but, alas ! also the more fatal attention of two 
municipal guards, with great, three-cornered hats ; two 
policemen, with long capes and gorgeous helmets ; and two 
detectives, who eyed her suspiciously. Without delay, they 
surrounded her, and seizing her horse, one of them de- 
manded, in harsh tones : 

" Have you a license ? " 

Marietta had none ; in fact, she never heard of such a 
thing before, and, unable to understand what they wanted, 
retorted equally curtly : 

" Leave my cab alone. My cab is numbered and my 
lamps are clean 1 " 

" Yes, yes," said the official, " but have you a license ? " 


" Well, then, follow us to the central police station." 

"To the police station?" repeated Marietta, growing pale. 
And, trembling with fright, she dropped her whip on her 
horse's back, causing him to start suddenly and jerk away 
from her persecutor. 

" Yes, come down from your seat immediately, and let us 
take the horse and cab ' " insisted the official, in an authori- 
tative tone. 

Marietta began to shriek and scream, and soon the street 
was filled with a motley crowd of idlers, who, when they be- 

held the driver, burst into laughter. A woman cocher! 
Truly that was something new. Many at once recognized 
the driver as Marietta, the street-singer, who continued to 
shriek and moan and cry, but could not be dislodged from 
her seat. The crowd began to espouse her cause, and the 
officials looked a bit anxious at the turn affairs were taking. 
And when they insisted, there arose hisses and cat-calls and 
scolding ; arms were raised menacingly, hats were thrown 
into the air, and the crowd jostled and shifted to and fro. 

Suddenly, a young man elbowed his way through the 
throng, and, after great effort, drew near the cab. His 
clothes were threadbare, but neatly brushed, and at a glance 
one could see that he was far from prosperous. 

" What is the matter ? " he asked, breathlessly. " Has 
she no license ? " 

" No." 

" Well, I have one — but unfortunately no cab. Let me 
take the cab. May I ? " he added, addressing Marietta, 
who was still holding tightly to the seat. And with this, he 
handed to the policeman a large, rather soiled document 
which he took from his coat-pocket. Marietta was so ex- 
cited and confused that she understood nothing. 

"The gentleman has a license and wishes to take your 
place," explained the policeman, who, as he glanced at the 
excited mob, congratulated himself on the possibility of set- 
tling the matter thus easily. 

"He wants to marry me, you say?" she asked, as her 
eyes filled with tears, and she broke down completely. 

A tremendous laugh echoed through the crowd as this 
question was asked. 

" That I do not know," answered the sergeant, grinning. 
" Perhaps the gentleman will accommodate you. But first 
of all you must transfer your cab to him, for even if you 
had a license you would not be allowed to drive about 
Naples. Do you accept? " 

" Yes," answered Marietta, smiling through her tears. 

A simultaneous shout of " Viva, viva ! " went up to the 
blue sky from the noisy crowd, delighted at the outcome of 
this amusing street drama and eager to express their ad- 
miration for the maid and the man who had shown himself 
so brave and chivalrous. 

In the meantime Marietta stepped down and offered both 
hands to her rescuer, who looked kindly into her beautiful 
black eyes. 

" But you must go with me any way," said the sergeant, 
turning to them, " so that the number of the cab can be 
changed on this license. Then you may depart." 

" Very well," said Marietta, glancing proudly at her 
champion, whose slender figure, swarthy complexion, and 
erect carriage at once had won her fancy. 

" Step into the cab ! " ordered the sergeant. The driver 
sprang to his place on the seat and Marietta settled down 
comfortably, not in the proud manner with which she was 
accustomed to drive on Sundays, but with a satisfied air, 

" Make way, gentlemen ! " cried the policemen. 

With some difficulty a pathway was opened through the 
solid mass of shouting people, and, at a slow pace, the cab 
was driven to the police station, accompanied by an impos- 
ing array of municipal guards, policemen, and detectives, 
and a struggling mass of curious pedestrians. The formal- 
ities of the law were quickly complied with, and Marietta, 
who had no license, and could obtain one under no con- 
sideration, willingly transferred her newly acquired posses- 
sions to the cabless cocher. 

The arrangements pleased all concerned, and the terrible 
ordeal which threatened at one time to result in a catastrophe 
really proved a blessing in disguise. For, eight weeks later, 
Marietta was married to her driver, Federigo, whose fame 
and popularity with the masses spread so rapidly that in a 
short time he was forced to purchase another cab and horse 
to accommodate his patrons. Success, however, did not 
turn Federigo's head ; he treated every one with the same 
courtesy and consideration. And Marietta, although several 
years his senior, proved an excellent wife, and returned, with 
equal intensity, the affection lavished on her by her adoring 
spouse, who anticipated her every wish, and often, on a Sun- 
day morning, took great delight in driving her from one end 
of the city to the other. 

This is the romance of Marietta Polli, the pretty street- 
singer of Naples, who through her ignorance of the law and 
the kind interference of fate entered the gates of matrimony 
and realized the ideal of her dreams. — Adapted for the 
Argonaut from the German of H. Rosenthat-Bonin, by A. R. 
Fritscliiy Jr. 

As a result of a protracted series of experiments with salt 
solutions, the efficacy of which' in prolonging life was recently 
asserted by Professor Loeb, of the University of Chicago, 
two prominent physicians of that city claim to have demon- 
strated that in cases of great loss of blood by disease or in- 
jury, normal salt solution as a restorative will save life, even 
when ninety per cent, of the blood has been lost. The ex- 
periments, which have extended over a period of six months, 
have, according to the physicians, made practicable a new 
system of bleeding, and substitution of salt solutions for 
persons suffering from pneumonia, typhoid, malarial fevers, 
peritonitis, acute and chronic Bright's disease, and all heart 
affections resulting from the last-named complaint. Much 
success had followed all their experiments, the physicians 
say, particularly those made with pneumonia and Bright's 
disease. A human patient suffering from pneumonia, who 
was operated upon, recovered in much shorter time than is 
the rule with those stricken with that disease. In cases of 
malaria the injection of the salt solution was made directly 
into the spleen, and in six weeks all the symptoms of the 
disease had disappeared. No claim was made that a cure 
had been effected in cases of Bright's disease, the physicians 
merely asserting that they had removed several of the most 
troublesome features of the complaint. 

Bryan's vote in Ohio in 1900 was exactly the same as 

January zi, 1901 



President McKinley, Secretary Hay, and the Canal Treaty— The 

Administration's Concession in the Puerto Rico CaBes— 

General Miles and Alger— Senator Hoar's Speech. 

While the Hay-Pauncefote canal treaty is disposed of for 
the present, there are frequent allusions to the hard feeling it 
stirred up. Concerning the President's part in the struggle, 
Walter Wellman writes as follows to Collier's Weekly : 

"There are people in this town who accuse Mr. McKinley of 
cowardice in connection with this treaty business. They say he per- 
mitted his Secretary of State to get inio the scrape, authorized him to 
go into it, in fact, and then refused to stand by him. The argument 
of these critics is that if the President had refused to listen to any sug- 
gestion of amendment, if he had declared the treaty was right and must 
go through exactly as written, and that any man who voted against it 
should have trouble with him as the chief almoner and civil-service dis- 
tributer of the party, ratification would have followed. Instead, they 
claim, the President put his ear to the ground and kept it there till that 
member was worn short ; compromised at the first suggestion when he 
saw that public opinion was roused, and in the end left his poor Secre- 
tary of State hanging suspended between the heavens and the earth. 
But there is no justice in these criticisms. There was no power in the 
world great enough to have pressed that treaty through the Senate in 
its original form. The President did try, without getting ugly about 
it, but he soon saw that he was butting his head against a stone wall. 
Then, and not till then, did he compromise ; and the man who will 
not give up and make the best possible terms when he is whipped is 
more fool than statesman." 

But Mr. Wellman believes that President McKinley's 
attitude toward his Secretary of State throughout this or- 
deal was manly and considerate : 

" After the Senate had amused itself jumping upon the convention 
with its many heavy and ruthless feet, after it had thus disfigured that 
poor international child almost beyond recognition. Mr. Hay went to 
the White House. He said very plainly to the President that he was not 
angered because the treaty had been amended ; he recognized the per- 
fect right of the Senate as a coordinate part of the treaty-making power 
to revise that convention to suit itself. He was not petulant about it, 
and though disappointed he felt neither pique nor humiliation. ' At 
the same time, Mr. President,' he added, ' if I am in your way in the 
slightest degree, if I am interfering with the success of your adminis- 
tration, my resignation is in your hands.' 

" ' I do not want your resignation,' replied the President. ' I have 
use for you but not for it. If this is a defeat for you, it is a defeat for me. 
It is a defeat for the entire Cabinet, for we all indorsed your work. I 
do not intend to resign because the Senate can not agree with me. 
There is no reason why you should.' " 

Concerning the arguments advanced in the latest brief by 
the administration on the Puerto Rico cases, read by Solici- 
tor-General Richards, a special correspondent makes this 
declaration : 

" This is a complete abandonment by the McKinley administration 
of Attorney-General Griggs' contention that no part of the constitution 
is in force in our new possessions. Until yesterday the government 
held rigidly to the theory that the constitution bad to be extended to 
new territory by an express act of Congress. This sudden change in 
the attitude of the administration toward the most profound and wide- 
reaching question ever raised in the Supreme Court — a question that 
involves the very form of government under which we live, and con- 
trols our entire future as a nation — is taken as an admission by the 
government that the Supreme Court is certain to repudiate the doctrine 
that the President or Congress or both can do anything anywhere be- 
yond the pale of the constitution. 

" As Mr. Carlisle said to-day : ' The government has surrendered an 
untenable position. Heretofore it has refused to admit that any part 
of the constitution was in force in our new territories. The govern- 
ment to-day stands on new ground." 

" So extraordinary and unexpected is the character of the adminis- 
tration's change of policy that it is expected that the President person- 
ally influenced the brief of Solicitor- General Richards. His bold and 
sweeping sentences are recognized as masterly strokes of political 
strategy. His declaration that the constitution and the flag go to- 
gether, but that only applicable parts of the constitution are in force 
in Puerto Rico and the Philippines is said to be Mr. McKinley's 
own view of the case. The solicitor-general's official reference to ex- 
President Harrison's criticism as a distorted and incorrect view of the 
government's position was, it is supposed, inspired directly by the 

This was the conclusion of the argument of Frederic R. 
Coudert in the case of his clients against the government : 

"The treaty of Paris ceded Puerto Rico to the United States. 
Puerto Rico then came completely under the sovereignty and do- 
minion of the United States under the statutory American name of 
Puerto Rico. The political map of the world was changed and 
Puerto Rico became geographically a part of this country, which we 
call the ' United States,' and which Chief-Justice Marshall called the 
' American Empire.' The clause of the treaty leaving the determina- 
tion of the ' civil rights and political status ' of the native inhabitants 
to Congress was, we contend, merely declaratory and out of an 
abundance of caution ; and by the law already existing and the 
power which Congress had, all territories lawfully acquired were 
taken under the sovereign jurisdiction of the United States." 

Mr. Coudert's main point was that the constitution did 
not cross the seas to our new territories : " 

" It was the government that went, but the government was a mere 
agent of the sovereign people, and it could not act anywhere save as a 
creature of the constitution, which was merely a grant of limited and 
defined powers. Mr, Coudert agreed with the solicitor- general that 
only certain parts of the constitution were properly applicable to our 
new possessions. He admitted that there was not one foot of soil on 
the earth's surface to which every part of the constitution applied. 
But every part of the government's powers was controlled by the con- 
stitution under which the government acted, whether in a Slate or 
Territory. It acted only by authority of the constitution. The con- 
stitution could not cripple the nation, because the nation was the 
people. The nation was omnipotent. It might go anywhere and do 
anything. There were no limits to its power except the limits put 
upon it by the physical force of other nations. But the government 
was not the nation. It was the agent of the nation. It could only act 
within the powers given to it by the nation." 

A correspondent of the New York Press sees a political 
motive in ex-President Harrison's recent utterances on the 
constitutional questions affecting our new territories : 

" A more disturbing influence, however, than lawyers on one side or 
the other of this important question is former President Harrison. 
His magazine article and several speeches and newspaper interviews 
have not been a subject of pleasant comment in administration circles. 
There is an impression in the Cabinet that General Harrison is doing 
what he can to influence not only the Supreme Court, but public 
opinion. General Harrison's written and spoken efforts are alluded to 
as briefs against the Puerto Rican tariff" law. The feeling in the Presi- 
dent's official household is that General Harrison is ambitious again to 
become the Republican leader, and that deliberately he is imitating 
Grover Cleveland in trying to take the lead of a movement to the dis- 
credit of existing party policy. Harrison, as the bidder for Republican 
leadership in 1904, it is conceded, would be a strong card. The friends 
of former President Harrison assert in his defense that the general has 
been more than considerate in keeping silent during the Presidential 
campaign. They explain that be has not spoken until the question at 
issue is separated from partisanship and has become a legal proposi- 
tion pure and simple. They insist that the former President has no 

further political ambitions. Nevertheless, it would seem that Mr. 
Harrison is becoming an issue whose political future is to be hung 
upon a decision of the Supreme Court." 

Walter Wellman, in the Chicago Times-Herald^ gives the 
following paragraph on a side incident : 

" Russell Harrison, son of former President Harrison, is spending 
some time about the Capitol telling senators and members how badly 
he has been treated by the War Department. Mr. Harrison says he 
was not only discharged from the army, but was discharged by cable, 
an honor not often paid to minor officers. Mr. Harrison is inclined to 
think he was let go because the administration wished to signify its 
displeasure at the attitude of his father concerning the Puerto Rico 
and constitution-following-the-flag questions. Owing to the fact that 
just now we have the strange combination of a son of ex-President 
Harrison coming home from Puerto Rico because discharged from the 
army, and a son of Justice Harlan going out to Puerto Rico because 
appointed attorney-general of the island, there are people who will 
gossip and say smart things. But it is well known in Washington 
that General Harrison cares not a rap about what the government does 
with his son Russell, and it is simply absurd to suppose that Justice 
Harlan's views on the great constitutional question now pending before 
the Supreme Court could be affected by such a trifling incident as his 
son's appointment to a federal post." 

It is said that Secretary Root is explicit in his advice to 
Lieutenant- General Miles concerning Alger's revival of the 
bad - beef controversy. The New York Herald corre- 
spondent has this view of the matter : 

" It is rumored — but the rumor is denied by high officials — that an 
intimation has been given to General Miles that any answer he may 
make to General Alger will be construed as an attack on the com- 
missary department, and will be followed by proceedings which may 
result in his relief from the command of the army. Such action will 
cause the reduction of General Miles to the rank of major-general, as 
the law reviving the grade of lieutenant-general declares specifically 
that the senior major-general of the line, commanding the army, shall 
have the rank, pay, and allowances of a lieutenant-general. General 
Miles is not in especially good standing with the War Department, be- 
cause of his antagonism to the artillery feature of the Root army bill 
— antagonism participated in by every department of the army except 
the adjutant-general's department. Nor is he in favor with the admin- 
istration, because of his attitude on various questions that have arisen, 
and it is freely stated in administration circles that, provided there be 
sufficient cause, the President will not hesitate to detach General Miles 
from duty as commanding general and direct him to await orders. It 
is also pointed out that if General Miles disregards the advice of his 
superiors, it will be possible for the department to suggest that in the 
pending army reorganization bill a provision be inserted repealing the 
law authorizing the revival of the grade of lieutenant-general." 

However, it is possible that the difficulty will not be ig- 
nored altogether : 

"There is a reason to believe General Miles is revolving in his 
mind the facts available with which to answer General Alger, and that 
unless the advice of his friends causes him to abandon his present in- 
tention he will make a statement which will not place General Alger in 
an enviable light. With regard to General MHes's antagonism to the 
artillery feature of the Root army bill, it is said his objections are 
based upon experience and the views of prominent artillery officers. 
General Miles is not alone in his antagonism to this bill. With the ex- 
ception of the adjutant- general's department, there is not a department 
of the army which is not opposed to the measure and secretly exerting 
its influence to effect radical amendments. Secretary Root is aware of 
this opposition, and has issued two orders prohibiting officers of the 
department from communicating with Congress or members of Con- 
gress on matters of legislation, unless such communications are trans- 
mitted to the War Department. The officials against whom the orders 
are aimed do not hesitate to say they will not observe them, as 
they reserve their right as American citizens to petition Congress 
openly if possible and secretly if necessary." 

Senator Hoar made a speech in the Senate on the fourth 
of January which is referred to briefly by Walter Wellman : 

" No prettier speech was ever made in the Senate chamber than that 
of Mr. Hoar this afternoon. It breathed love for mankind, and was 
marred by no malicious slings at the motives of other people. But 
Mr. Hoar, to do him justice, did not confine himself wholly to poetry. 
He would not be the fine old New Englander he is if he did not have 
something practical to offer. He contended that the people of the 
United States do not know the truth about the situation in the Philip- 
pines. He says the truth is, as he has reason to believe, that instead 
of the natives being now almost conquered and ready to submit to the 
authority of the United States, only a limited area, practically con- 
fined to the army posts, has come under the sway of our troops. Out- 
side these spots Mr. Hoar is convinced the Filipino people are carry- 
ing on a stable government, fully organized, administering justice, 
maintaining order, providing education, just as any civilized country 
does those things. His authority for this, it turns out, is Senator 
Teller, and Senator Teller's authority is an unnamed officer for whose 
veracity and information the senator from Colorado vouches. At any 
rate, Mr. Hoar is satisfied this is conclusive evidence of the ability of 
the Filipinos to govern themselves, and he pleads — oh, so earnestly 
and eloquently — that the people of the United States stop and con- 
sider these things before plunging on with their programme of con- 
quest and oppression." 

Secretary of War Root has other troubles beside the 
army bill and the Alger- Miles disturbance. A special cor- 
respondent describes a recent interview with a railroad offi- 
cial, which illustrates the pressure brought to bear on the 
department : 

" A large share of the exports to the Philippines had formerly been 
sent to San Francisco from the East by the Atchison, Topeka and 
Santa Fe Railway. Paul Morton, a son of J. Sterling Morton, Secre- 
tary of Agriculture in the second Cleveland Cabinet, is the second vice- 
president of this line. He accompanied Colonel Roosevelt on bis tour 
of the South-West during the last fall campaign. Mr. Morton re- 
cently noticed that little of the supply of freight for the great depots 
for the Philippines in San Francisco were being shipped over the Atch- 
ison. He came to Washington late last week, and asked Secretary 
Root about it. It is reported that the Secretary told Mr. Morton that 
it was none of his affair. Morton argued, but to no avail. Then he 
went out and set some big machinery in motion. Several senators and 
some important representatives visited the War Department to urge 
Morton's claims for a share of the freight, and, it is said, some of them 
went further, and saw the President about it. After giving bis friends 
time to see the Secretary, Morton went back. Root was vexed at the 
pressure brought to bear on him, Morton asked Root if the Atchison 
was to have any of the freight, ' No, not a pound," Mr. Root replied. 
' Why not ? ' asked Morton. ' Because I am running the War Depart- 
ment, and I propose to run it as I choose. No railroad man can dic- 
tate to me.' There were some further exchanges, and then, it is 
alleged, Morton told Secretary Root he would force him to give his 
road a share of the freight. Then the Secretary erdered him out of 
his office." 


" I bring you the stately matron named Christendom, 
returning bedraggled, besmirched, and dishonored from 
pirate raids in Kias-Chow, Manchuria, South Africa, and the 
Philippines, with her soul full of meanness, her pocket full 
of boodle, and her mouth full of pious hypocrisies. Give 
her soap and towel, but hide the looking-glass." This is the 
sentiment given by Mark Twain to a representative of the 
Red Cross Society who asked him to join with other emi- 
nent persons in offering a new century greeting. 
■* • ^ 

Compulsory education in New Zealand is considered a 


The Hunting Season Interrupted by Visits to Town for Shopping 

— Growing Popularity of Hotels— Other American Ideas 

Now in Favor — The Astor Ball. 

Despite the spring-like weather this has been a real jolly 
Christmas in London and the shops have no cause to com- 
plain. The throngs which have congested the traffic in 
Piccadilly, Bond Street, Oxford Street, Regent Street, Sloane 
Street, Knightsbridge, and out to South Kensington and 
Brompton have shown what trade must have been. Of 
course we know — all Americans from Secretary John Hay 
down to the humblest tourist, know — that the best people do 
not pass their Christmas in London. Neither the day itself, 
nor the lime. From November on they are at their country 
houses. Aye, and from before that, for the pheasants. It's 
the fox-hunting that keeps them there, and this has been the 
perfection of a hunting season, with its weeks of open 
weather. But they come up to town to shop and buy 
presents during the week before Christmas, and then you 
will see fine carriages in the streets as you do in May and 
June, only the coachmen and footmen are " mackintoshed 
and oil-skinned." And lights gleam from between the 
chinks of shuttered windows in Park Lane and Eaton 
Square, where the owners prefer the comfort of their own 
fireside to the bustle of a big hotel. And, I believe 
the majority of people in these days do go to hotels — 
people whose selves or whose fathers twenty years ago would 
not have dreamed of such a proceeding. But it is marvelous 
how things have altered. 

AU the old usages and customs of English life seem to 
be fast fading away. Perhaps I shouldn't say all ; but cer- 
tainly very many of them, and some that a few years ago 
seemed too deep-rooted ever to suffer a change. And the 
funny part of it is that in a vast number of the changes 
one sees, one can not fail to notice the Americanizing ten- 
dency that is shown. I say funny, because Americans like 
to do everything like Englishmen. It will get so by and 
by that the anglomaniacs will be forced to return to their 
own discarded ways if they want to be thought " English." 

Look at the effect the American jockeys have had. They 
have revolutionized English race-riding. All Englishmen of 
open minds admit that the American seat is the one that 
wins races, and that is what a jockey is meant to do. It is 
curious to see the English jockeys trying to adopt the 
" monkey-on-a-stick" posture without seeming to doit. I 
was much amused the other day when a friend of mine was 
showing me over a new stable he had lately built "on the 
American plan." He is a prominent and well-known turfite 
and horseman ; a gentleman, too, who is clerk of the course 
at one of the race meetings, and he knows what he is talk- 
ing about when he talks horse. " There is no doubt that 
the Americans have taught us a lot about racing and horses," 
he said. " I don't like to think so, but I can't help myself. 
There's my stable. It is all thoroughly ventilated, as you 
see. Plenty of fresh air. No more heating and smother- 
ing up your horses, in stuffy stables, and wrapped up in 
blankets. You needn't chill the animals. I don't mean 
that. Keep them warm and cool at the same time. It 
sounds contradictory, but you know what I mean. That is 
what the American trainers have taught us, and I'm not 
such a pig-headed fool as not to see the sense of it. I think 
I prove it by those," and he pointed to the row of venti- 
lators on the roof. " No, I can't say that I admire the 
seat of the American jockeys. It is all against our old, 
fixed ideas, and it is atrociously ugly to look at. But it wins 
the races, and that's the main point. What's the use of 
losing money for the sake of hugging an old idea ? " 

Then again, look at the gradual Americanizing of English 
railway trains. The English "corridor" carriages are sorry 
affairs compared with the sumptuous Pullmans. You feel a 
sort of pity for them, and their poor attempt at imitation. 
They look for all the world like menagerie cages, and the 
people within (if you look at them from the "corridor" side) 
like animals. They are so cramped and narrow, too, and 
dingy, and dirty. Their only virtue lies in the means of 
communication they afford between compartments. The 
ordinary English railway carriage is narrow enough in all 
conscience (owing to the law which forbids the sides to over- 
hang the wheels) without lessening its width. The Pullmans 
running on English lines are built in conformity with this 
law, and their loss of lateral space is the first thing to strike 
the American beholder accustomed to the wide floors of the 
cars in his own country. 

One of the social events of the season is to be Mr. Will- 
iam Waldorf Astor's ball at Cliveden on the tenth of 
January. It will, of course, be as big a thing as money 
can make it, so that everybody will be only too glad to go 
and see how the great ex-American Crccsus spends his 
spare cash when he entertains. There will be other attrac- 
tions, however, besides good food and drink. The new 
subject of the queen will be supported by his son and 
daughter — both great catches in their way. It goes without 
saying that Miss Astor might marry almost any one she 
liked. Of course he will have to be an Englishman. I'm 
afraid there are no vacant dukes. Westminster and Man- 
chester were the last. But there are marquises and earls 
galore, who would willingly pick up the handkerchief with 
such a dot as she will have marked on it. The son and 
heir, too, will find no difficulty in making an alliance that 
would thoroughly gratify his " dad," and help on the 
achievement of a coronet for himself, and a family title, 
even though it be but that of a baron. There must be a 
beginning. In the meantime, it puzzles people to under- 
stand why the old gentleman is called " Honorable." If it 
be the courtesy title of an American minister at a foreign 
court (which he was some years ago), surely he has for- 
feited his right to its use by becoming a naturalized English 
citizen. The real wonder is that he deigns to use it under 
the circumstances. Cc 'Ck I 

London, December 28, 1900. 


January 21, 1901. 


Return of the Epidemic of Ten Years Ago— Two Months on Its 
Way from Russia— Hospitals Overflowing and Dispen- 
saries Overworked— High and Low Suffer. 

By the time this letter reaches the Argonaut, the epidemic 
of influenza now raging on this side of the continent will 
undoubtedly have made its appearance on the Pacific Coast. 
Physicians say that it has been on the way from Russia a 
little less than two months, and the European capitals have 
suffered its presence in turn since it began its westward 
flight. The first week of the new year showed that Man- 
hattan was affected, for the reported cases of grip and 
pneumonia suddenly increased in an alarming ratio. In the 
entire month of January, 1900, there were twenty-eight 
deaths from grip recorded in the city, while the first five 
days of 1901 produced a total of thirty-six fatal cases of the 
same disease. This was an indication of what was to fol- 
low. The medical men were soon ready to admit that the 
epidemic of ten years ago was with us again. Some, more 
reminiscent, harked back to 1876, its first visit, and declared 
with assurance that, although the complaint covered its ter- 
ritory more thoroughly on each recurrence, it was of a 
noticeably milder type. 

It is a desperate condition of things when a doctor can 
not hold out some kind of hope, and those easily comforted 
and not yet under the malignant spell of the strange visitor 
from Russia remain cheerful. But the sneezing, shivering, 
aching thousands are not so optimistic. The symptoms of 
the grip are sufficiently well known to require no descrip- 
tion ; and, for that matter, perhaps the disease itself is not 
particularly terrible. It is the usual accompanying compli- 
cations that bring in a harvest. It is first a cold, then 
catarrh and bronchial troubles, and a little later pneumonia 
develops. A few physicians still contend that the grip is 
not contagious, but the majority pronounce it a germ dis- 
ease, show that it appears in more than one member of a 
family as a general thing, and maintain that its contagious 
character is demonstrated. However, they do not agree 
concerning the conditions favorable to its origin and spread. 
The weather has not been bad. It has been cold but not 
damp, at least until the rain of yesterday and the day be- 
fore, and the slushy, shivery days of later February and 
early March have not been anticipated. Of course the san- 
itary department finds an excuse for the prevailing scourge, 
and sees it in the neglected condition of the side-streets up- 
town. Some of them are wretchedly dirty, but this is not a 
fresh cause for anxiety. They have been worse, and that 
when the grip was practically non-existent here. 

At least five infallible remedies for a bad cold are known 
to all inhabitants of this climate, but the physicians have 
not so many cures for the grip. Every medical adviser is 
more decisive concerning preventive measures than reme- 
dial recommendations. They say to all suffering appli- 
cants : "Go to bed. Stay there till you are much better." 
It does not require an unquestioning faith in physicians to 
see the value of this method of treatment. But compara- 
tively few of those in the first stages of the disease can be 
brought to a realization of their danger. Cough-mixtures 
and hot potations are resorted to, and with bad results. 
Every free dispensary in the city has been working an 
extra force at all hours for several days trying to meet the 
demands made upon it. In many instances children come 
asking for medicine for their parents, and plainly exhibit 
in themselves the symptoms for which immediate attention 
is necessary. Every hospital in the city is full to overflow- 
ing with grip and pneumonia patients. Cots have been put 
up in corridors and in all available rooms. The alms- 
house has been turned into a hospital. And the death-list 
grows steadily. Many of the city officials are suffering 
from the complaint, and are not seen at their offices. This 
morning's report shows four hundred and forty-eight police- 
men on the sick-list, fifty per cent, more than usual at this 

It was not alone the rain that kept all the big shops 
empty Thursday and Friday. Ordinarily the swish of wet 
skirts and the drip of obtrusive umbrellas are the concomi- 
tants of wet days in the shopping region, but they were 
singularly absent during this brief winter downpour. The 
grip is hurting business. It is no respecter of persons — in 
fact it seems to show a predilection for those who usually 
find the wind tempered by fortune. As a consequence, 
those to whom buying is a matter of pleasure rather than 
necessity are not exposing themselves to possible and 
probable dangers. Attendance at the places of amuse- 
ment has been affected noticeably. But the entertainers 
do not complain so bitterly of the decreased audiences 
as of the frequent interruptions to which they are sub- 
jected. Paroxysms of coughing seize their hearers at brief 
intervals. So surely as a telling speech approaches its 
climax, so surely a frame-racking though desperately min- 
imized cough begins in some part of the house, and imme- 
diately, as if in sympathy, a hundred throats respond in 
agonizing efforts on the same key. Humor and pathos alike 
are powerless in such an atmosphere. Never was the ex- 
pression of guilty relief more noticeable on the faces of 
audiences when the curtain falls 011 the last act of the play. 
There is a melancholy interest in the fact that Manhattan 
is not alone in its misfortunes. The grip is raging through- 
out the eastern half of the Union, and the prominent names 
on the list of sufferers would fill many columns. On one 
down - town bulletin - board to-day the following personal 
mention appeared: "President McKinley is still suffering 
from the grip, and will not be able to leave his bed until 
next week. Lieutenant-Governor Woodruff is ill with the 
grip. Five hundred Yale students are afflicted with the 
influenza epidemic. Olga Nethersole, at Philadelphia, 
was unable to appear in 'Sapho' last night on account 
of •!'' less j her physician says it is the grip, and that 
she will be confined io her room for several days. 
Major - General E. S. Otis, at Chicago, is very sick 

with grip, as is the inspector-general of the department, 
General Snyder." Undoubtedly there were other reports, 
but the board would hold no more. It is the one topic of 
discussion now, and the vaccination rage is seldom men- 
tioned, though it is by no means forgotten. Physical ills 
have done much to make this a winter of discontent. 
New York, January 12, 1901. Flaneur. 


Some say the spot is banned ; that the pillar Cross-and- 

Attests to a deed of Hell ; 
But of else than of bale is the mystic tale 

That ancient Valefolk tell. 

Ere Cernel's Abbey ceased hereabout there dwelt a priest, 

In later life sub-prior 
Of the brotherhood there, whose bones are now bare 

In the field that was Cernel Choir. 

One night in his cell at the foot of yon dell 
The priest heard a frequent cry : 
" Go, Father, in haste to the cot on the waste 
And shrive a man waiting to die." 

Said the priest in a shout to the caller without, 
" The night howls, the tree trunks bow ; 
One may barely by day track so rugged a way, 
And can I then do so now ? " 

No further word from the dark was heard, 

And the priest moved never a limb ; 
And he slept and dreamed ; till a Visage seemed 

To frown from Heaven at him. 

In a sweat he arose ; and the storm shrieked shrill, 

And smote as in savage joy ; 
While High-Stoy trees twanged to Bubb-Down Hill, 

And Bubb Down to High-Stoy. 

There seemed not a holy thing in hail, 

Nor shape of light or love, 
From the Abbey north of Blackmore Vale 

To the Abbey south thereof. 

Yet he plodded thence through the dark immense, 

And with many a stumbling stride 
Through copse and briar climbed nigh and nigher 

To the cot and the sick man's side. 

When he would have unslung the Vessels uphung 

To his arm in the steep ascent. 
He made loud moan ; the Pyx was gone 

Of the Blessed Sacrament. 

Then in dolor and dread he beat his head : 
" No earthly prize or pelf 
Is the thing I've lost in tempest tossed, 
But the Body of Christ Himself ! " 

He thought of the Visage his dream revealed, 

And turned toward whence he came, 
Hands groping the ground along foot-track and field, 

And head in a heat of shame, 

And' here on the hill betwixt vill and vill 

He noted a clear, straight ray 
Stretching down from the sky to a spot hard by, 

Which shone with the light of day. 

And gathered around the illumined ground 

Were common beasts and rare, 
All kneeling at gaze, and in pause profound 

Attent to an object there. 

'Twas the Pyx, unharmed 'mid the circling rows 

Of Blackmore's hairy throng, 
Whereof were oxen, sheep, and does, 

And hares from the brakes among ; 

And badgers gray, and conies keen. 

And squirrels of the iree, 
And many a member seldom seen 

Of Nature's family. 

The ireful winds that scoured and swept 

Through coppice, clump, and dell, 
Within that holy circle slept 

Calm as in hermit's cell. 

Then the priest bent likewise to the sod 

And thanked the Lord of Love, 
And Blessed Mary, Mother of God, 

And all the Saints above. 

And turning straight with his priceless freight 

He reached the dying one, 
Whose passing sprite had been stayed for the rite 

Without which bliss hath none. 

And when by grace the priest won place, 

And served the Abbey well, 
He reared this stone to mark where shone 

That midnight miracle. — Thomas Hardy in tlte Sphere. 


Negotiations are about to be entered upon between repre- 
sentatives of the Cherokee Nation and the governor of the 
State of Sonora, old Mexico, whereby large tracts of land 
will be transferred to the Cherokees for their use and occu- 
pancy. If the deal goes through, the Cherokee Indians will 
depart from the United States. The reason for this pro- 
posed emigration of the Cherokees is their discontent with 
the conditions in the United States, coupled with a wish to 
settle in a place where there will be more freedom and 
opportunity. The Cherokee Nation is one of the most pro- 
gressive of the five civilized tribes now located in Indian 
Territory, and owns about five million acres of land. There 
may be a difficulty in disposing of this in order to carry out 
the plan of emigration. The departure of the Cherokees 
will, it is said, mean the gradual slipping away of all the 
other Indians in the Territory. There are now thirty-five 
thousand Cherokees in Indian Territory, and the other tribes 
will each average as many. They are the Choclaws, Chick- 
asaws, Creeks, and Seminoles. 


A complete study of the losses caused by the storm at 
Galveston shows that the damage amounted to about $17,- 
058,275. The largest losses were in residences and in 
household effects. These are placed at something more 
than $8,400,000. The next heaviest loss, was in the prop- 
erty of the United States Government, the damage to which 
is estimated at $3,155,000. The relief contributions in 
money are said to have aggregated the sum of $1,200,000, 
and in addition there were received contributions in food, 
clothing, and other supplies valued at $300,000. 


William Gates, familiarly known as "Swiftwater Bill," a 
man who has become noted on account of his Klondike 
strikes, has, according to the story of one of his ex-wives, 
eloped from Butte with the third of the Lamore sisters. 
Swiftwater has been married to Gussie and Grace Lamore, 
both of whom secured divorces from him. The deserted 
ex-wife is angry, though she gayly remarked : " Well, Swift- 
water is a good thing, and we might as well pass him along. 
There are three other girls in the family." 

Mrs. Mary E. Lease has changed her mind about suing 
her husband, Charles Lease, for divorce. The suit, which 
was prepared two months ago, was never filed, and never 
will be, unless the Leases quarrel again. Mrs. Lease has 
instructed her attorney to proceed no further with the case. 
Reconciliation between Mr. and Mrs. Lease was brought 
about by their children, all of whom are now of age and 
living in New York with their mother. Mrs. Lease will 
shortly return to Wichita, Kas., quit politics, and settle down 
to domestic life. 

The promotion of the Duke of York from the rank of 
captain to that of rear-admiral, as a preliminary to his visit 
to Australia and Canada, gives universal satisfaction in Eng- 
land, and the fact that he thus passes over the heads of sixty- 
six senior captains will not, it is said, in the slightest degree 
detract from his universal popularity in the navy. Since the 
Duke of Edinburgh succeeded to the Duchy of Saxe- 
Coburg, the British navy has lacked the distinction of a 
princely flag-officer. The Duke of York visited Australia 
as a cadet with his brother twenty years ago. 

While the war in South Africa has led toy-makers to send 
out cart-loads of leaden soldiers, certain good folks at Paris, 
headed by Emile Zola, intend to carry on a campaign against 
them. They have founded "The League Against Leaden 
Soldiers," and their circular states that they wish to fight 
against the prevailing practice of French parents who buy toy 
soldiers, thereby inculcating in the rising generation " le 
fetichisme de l'uniforme," and perpetuating the military 
spirit so prevalent in the republic. Zola, in a graceful letter, 
consents to become the working president, while the honor- 
ary president is General Andre, minister of war. The com- 
mittee also includes Colonel Picquart, who figured so promi- 
nently in the Dreyfus case. 

The betrothal of Prince George of Greece, governor of 
Crete, to Princess Xenia of Montenegro, a sister of Queen 
Helena of Italy, has been officially announced. Since the 
return of Prince George to Crete from Denmark and Eng- 
land, it has been semi- officially announced to the people 
that there is no immediate chance of the powers interested 
agreeing to an extension of the jurisdiction of the govern- 
ment of the island, which is at present nominally a tributary 
state of the Porte, ruled by the powers through Prince 
George of Greece as high commissioner. It is further in- 
timated that Great Britain, from which Prince George had 
hoped to receive encouragement that should shortly lead to 
the establishment of an autonomous principality, has no 
encouragement whatever to offer. 

Professor Flammarion, the noted French astronomer, 
suggests that a good way to attract the attention of the in- 
habitants of Mars would be to arrange great lights at Bor- 
deaux, Marseilles, Strasburg, Paris, Amsterdam, Copen- 
hagen, and Stockholm. These lights would reproduce an 
outline of luminous points the same in arrangement as that 
presented by the stars forming the constellation of the Great 
Bear, or Big Dipper, in the northern sky. The Martians 
seeing this might respond with another such figure, and thus 
communication would be set up between the intelligent 
beings in the two planets. Professor Flammarion is the 
most enthusiastic of the astronomers who are interested in 
Mars, and firmly believes that that planet is inhabited by 
creatures superior to men. 

There is great satisfaction throughout Italy at the prospect 
of an heir to the king, and the happy event is expected early 
in June. The Duchess of Aosta is reported to be bitterly 
disappointed at the news. When she married the Duke, the 
Prince of Naples was a bachelor, and for some inexplicable 
reason it was firmly believed by all that he would never 
marry, so that the duchess was prospective queen. The 
marriage with Princess Helena of Montenegro was a shock, 
heightened by the fact that she herself had no children. 
After three years of not very felicitous marriage a son was 
born to the young couple, who had every prospect of one 
day sitting on the throne of Italy, as the queen was childless. 
Now, a little over two years later, her second castle in the 
air is shattered by what is causing such intense joy to the 
other members of the House of Savoy. Of course the 
royal infant may be a girl, but even so, little brothers will be 
likely to follow, so the Aosta star may be said, if not to have 
set, at least to be under a very thick cloud. 

Mrs. U. S. Grant has been writing a book of personal 
reminiscences for her children. Mrs. Grant also has just 
put the finishing touch to a journal which she kept in Cali- 
fornia in 1S94, while spending a year with her daughter-in- 
law, Mrs. Ulysses Grant, which is designed as a gift for her. 
"California," she declares, "is a glorious State." "When 
I am in the vein for it," Mrs. Grant said at her Washington 
home, the other day, " I write with great ease. My eyes 
have failed almost entirely, however, and spectacles be- 
ing of no assistance, I can't read what I write. This makes 
revision difficult, and I decline many overtures from maga- 
zines- and newspapers for articles. My poor sight, too, de- 
prives me of the pleasure of going into society, which I 
should very much enjoy. It is embarrassing not to know 
people, and so I accept no invitations. Still, time doesn't 
hang heavy on my hands. The newspapers are read to me 
every morning, and I knit, and take drives, and loll about, 
and derive great pleasure from ( patience' and other games 
of cards." 

January 21, 1901. 



The Mystery Surrounding the Publication of " An 

Englishwoman's Love- Letters " —Are 

They Truth or Fiction t 

The kindly reception and large sale of the charm- 
ing love-letters of the Brownings is undoubtedly re- 
sponsible for the present vogue of publishing the 
intimate correspondence of notable people. Trans- 
lations of the love-letters of Victor Hugo, Prince 
Bismarck, and Balzac will be brought out within a 
short time, and there is a possibility that Goethe's 
will soon be added to the list. A volume of this 
character, which has caused wide discussion in 
England and will undoubtedly arouse much interest 
over here, is " An Englishwoman's Love- Letters," for 
there are three points connected with the letters 
which have not yet been solved — the name of the 
writer, the cause which led to the breaking off of 
her engagement, and their authenticity. 

In the short explanation which prefaces the letters, 
we learn that the woman by whom these letters were 
written had no thought that they would be read by 
any one but the person to whom they were ad- 
dressed. The editor adds : 

" But a request, conveyed under circumstances 
which the writer herself would have regarded as all- 
commanding, urges that they should now be given 
to the world ; and, so far as is possible with a due 
regard to the claims of privacy, what is here printed 
presents the letters as they were first written in their 
complete form and sequence. Very little has been 
omitted which in any way bears upon the devotion 
of which they are a record. A few names of persons 
and localities have been changed ; and several short 
notes (not above twenty in all), together with some 
passages bearing too intimately upon events which 
might be recognized, have been left out without indica- 
tion of their omission. It was a necessary condition 
to the present publication that the authorship of 
these letters should remain unstated. Those who 
know will keep silence ; those who do not, will not 
find here any data likely to guide them to the truth." 

Whether or not the letters are real or invented, 
the story which they tell is a fascinating and con- 
vincing one. The writer, when she meets the 
young man who wins her love, is only twenty-one, 
an orphan cared for by an aunt, and belonging to 
well-to-do English people. After the avowal of his 
love she pens her first missive, in which she says : 

Beloved : This is your first letter from me ; yet 
it is not the first I have written to you. There are 
letters to you lying at love's dead-letter office in this 
same writing — so many my memory has lost count 
of them. This is my confession : I told you I had 
one to make, and you laughed — you did not know 
how serious it was — for to be in love with you long 
before you were in love with me — nothing can be 
more serious than that. . . . Well, it is good for you 
to know I have waited and wished, long before the 
thing came true. But to seeyou waiting and wish- 
ing, when the thing was true all the time — oh ! that 
' was the trial ! How not suddenly to throw my arms 
around you and cry : " Look, see. O blind mouth, 
why are you famished ! " And you never knew ! 
Dearest, I love you for it, you never knew ! I be- 
lieve a man, when he finds he has won, thinks he 
has taken the city by assault ; he does not guess how 
to the insiders it has been a weary siege, with flags 
of surrender fluttering themselves to rags from every 
wall and window ! No ; in love it is the women who 
are the strategists ; and they have at last to fall into 
the ambush they know of with a good grace. You 
must let me praise myself a little for the past, since 
I can never praise myself again. There is not a 
battle left for me to win. You and peace hold me 
so much a prisoner, have so caught me from my 
own way of living, that I seem to hear a pin drop 
twenty years ahead of me ; it seems an event ! 
Dearest, a thousand times, I would not have it be 
otherwise ; I am only too willing to drop out of ex- 
istence altogether and find myself in your arms in- 
stead. Giving you my love, I can so easily give you 
my life. Ah, my dear, I am yours so utterly, so 
gladly I Will you ever find it out— you, who took 
so long to discover anything? 

The letters which immediately follow this con- 
fession are full of wit and humor. For instance : 

A mouse came out of my wainscot last night and 
plunged me in a horrible dilemma ; for I am equally 
idiotic over the idea of a creature trapped or free, 
and I saw sleepless nights ahead of me till I had 
secured a change of locality for him. To startle 
him back into hiding would have only deferred my 
getting truly rid of him, so I was most tiptoe and 
diplomatic in my doings. Finally, a paper bag, put 
into a likely nook with some sentimentally preserved 
wedding-cake crumbled into it, crackled to me of his 
arrival. In a brave moment I noosed the little 
beast, bag and all, and lowered him from the 
window by string, till the shrubs took from me the 
burden of responsibility. I visited the bag this 
morning. He had eaten his way out, crumbs and 
all, and has, I suppose, become a field-mouse, for 
the hay smells invitingly, and it is only a short run 
over the lawn and a jump over the ha-ha to be in it. 
Poor mousies, I prefer them so much undomesti- 
cated ! 

Now this mouse is no allegory, and the paper 
bag is not a diamond necklace, in spite of the 
wedding-cake sprinkled over it ! So don't say that 
this letter is too hard for your understanding, or 
you will frighten me from telling you anything 
foolish again. Brains are like jewels in this, differ- 
ence of surface has nothing to do with the size and 
value of them. Yours is a beautiful smooth round, 
like a pearl, and mine all facets and flashes, like cut 
glass. And yours so much the bigger, and I love 
it so much the best 1 The trap which caught me 
was baited with one great pearl. So the mouse 

And she writes in her fourth letter : 

I have been dressmaking ! And dress, when one 
is in the toils, is but a love-letter writ large. You 
will see and admire the finished thing, but you will 
take no interest in the composition. Therefore I say 
your love is unequal to mine. For, think how 
ravished I would be if you brought me a coat and 
told me it was all your own making I One day you 
had thrown down a mere tailor-made thing in the 
hall, and yet I kissed it as I went by. And that was 
at a time when we were only at the hand-shaking 
stage, the palsied beginnings of love !— you, I mean ! 

But, oh, to get you interested in the dress I was 
making to you to-day ! — the beautiful flowing open- 
ing — not too flowing ; the elaborate central compo- 
sition where the heart of me has to come, and the 
wind-up of the skirt, a long, reluctant tailing-off, 
full of commas and colons of ribbon to make it 
seem longer, and insertions everywhere. I dreamed 
myself in it, retiring through the door, after having 
bidden you good-night, and you watching the long, 
disappearing eloquence of that tail, still saying to 
you as it vanished, " Good-by, good-by. I love you 
so ! See me, slowly I am going ! '* 

It is at this stage of their love-making, after the 
formal announcement of their engagement, that the 
young man's mother comes on the scene — a formid- 
able, frigid person, who disapproves of the girl and 
sets at work every influence to put an end to the 
engagement. She calls on her son's betrothed, 
however, and this is what occurred : 

I began to study her at once, to find you ; it 
did not take long. How I could love her, if she 
would let me ! You know her far, far better than 
I, and want no advice ; otherwise I would say — 
never praise me to her ; quote my follies rather ! 
To give ground for her distaste to revel in will not 
deepen me in her bad books so much as attempts 
to warp her judgment. I need not go through it 
all ; she will have told you all that is to the purpose 
about our meeting. She bristled in, a brave old 
fighting figure, announcing compulsion in every 
line, but with all her colors flying. She waited for 
the door to close, then said : " My son has bidden 
me come, I suppose it is my duty ; he is his own 
master now." 

We only shook hands. Our talk was very little of 
you. I showed her all the horses, the dogs, and the 
poultry ; she let the inspection appear to conclude 
with myself ; asked me my habits, and said I looked 
healthy. I owned I felt it. " Looks and feelings are 
the most deceptive things in the world," she told me, 
adding that "poor stock " got more than its share of 
these. And when she said it, I saw quite plainly that 
she meant me. I wonder where ahe gets the notion ; 
for we are a long-lived race, both sides of the family. 
I guessed that she would like frankness, and was as 
frank as I could be, pretending no deference to her 
objections. " You think you suit each other ? " she 
asked me. My answer, "He suits me?" pleased 
her maternal palate, I think. " Any girl might say 
that," she admitted. (She might indeed ! ) This is 
the part of our interview she will not have repeated 
to you. 

I was due at Hillyn when she was preparing to 

go ; Aunt N came in, and I left her to do the 

honors while I slipped on my habit. I rode by 
your mother's carriage as far as the Greenway, 
where we branched. I suppose that is what her 
phrase means that you quote about my " making a 
trophy of her," and marching her a prisoner across 
the borders before all the world ! I do like her : 
she is' worth winning. Can one say warmer of a 
future mother-in-law who stands hostile? 

A short time after this her fiance" meets with an 
accident — one of his limbs is injured and his letters 
temporarily cease. The writer does not care to 
force herself on his mother, so she expresses her 
sympathy by note : 

I hope some day, some day, as a reward to my 
present submission, that you will sprain your ankle 
in my company (just a very little bit for an excuse), 
and let me have the nursing of it I It hurts my 
heart to have your poor bones crying out for com- 
fort that I am not to bring to them. I feel robbed 
of a part of my domestic training, and may never 
pick up what I have just lost. And I fear gready 
you must have been truly in pain to have put off 
Meredith for a day. If I had been at hand to read 
to you, I flatter myself you would have liked him 
well, and been soothed. You must take the will, 
beloved, for the deed. 

When her lover recovers, the writer departs from 
England, for a long Continental tour, and, despite 
the attractions of foreign travel, never neglects her 
correspondence. Upon her return, his visits are so 
frequent that she has little occasion to write. She 
says : 

I am getting quite out of letter-writing, and it is 
your doing, not mine. No sooner do I get a line 
from you than you rush over in person and take the 
answer to it out of my mouth I have had six from 
you in the last week, and believe I have only ex- 
changed you one ; all the rest had been nipped in 
the bud by your arrivals. My pen turns up a cross 
nose whenever it hears you coming now, and de- 
clares life so dull as not to be worth living. Poor 
dinky little Othello ! It shall have its occupation 
again to-day, and say just what it likes. It likes you 
while you keep away ; so that's said 1 When I 
make it write "come," it kicks, and tries to say 
"don't." For it is an industrious minion, loves to 
have work to do, and never complains of over-hours. 
It is a sentimental fact that I keep all its used-up 
brethren in an inclosure together, and throw none 
of them away. If once they have ridden over paper 
to you, I turn them to grass in their old age. I let 
this out because I think it is time you had another 
laugh at me. 

But one day, in the midst of her happiness, she 
receives a letter from her lover in which he says their 
engagement must terminate. He adds : 

There is no fault in you ; the fault is elsewhere ; 
I can no longer love you as I did. All that was be- 
tween us must be at an end ; for your good and 
mine the only right thing is to say good-by without 
meeting. I know you will not forget me, but you will 
forgive me, even because of the great pain I cause 
you. You are the most generous woman I have 
known. If it would comfort you to blame me for 
this I would beg you to do it ; but I know you 
better, and ask you to believe that it is my deep mis- 
fortune rather than my fault that I can be no longer 
your lover ; as, God knows, I was once, I dare not 
say how short a time ago. To me you remain, 
what I always found you, the best and most true- 
hearted woman a man could pray to meet. 

It is all so sudden and overpowering that she re- 
fuses to believe what he has written : 

Come to me (she writes). I will not understand 
a word you have written till you come. Who has 
been using your hand to strike me like this, and 
why do you lend it ? Oh, if it is she, you do not 
owe her that duty ! Never write such things — 
speak ! have you ever found me not to listen to you, 
or hard to convince ? Dearest, dearest ! — take what 
I mean : I can not write over this gulf. Come to 
me — I will believe anything you can say, but I can 
believe nothing of this written. I must see you 
and hear what it is you mean. Dear heart, 1 am 
blind till I set eyes on you again 1 

And again : 

No, no, I can not read it ! What have I done 
that you will not come to me ? They are mad here, 
telling me to be calm, that I am not to go to you. 
I, too, am out of my mind — except that I love you. 
1 know nothing except that. Beloved, only on my 
lips will I take my dismissal from you ; not God him- 
self can claim you from me till you have done me 
justice. Kiss me once more, and then, if you can, 
say we must part. You can not ! Ah, come here 
where my heart is, and you can not I 

But he does not answer her appeals, and at length 
realizing that all is over between them, she writes : 

1 have to own that I know your will now, at last. 
Without seeing you I am convinced ; you have a 
strong power in you to have done that 1 You have 
told me the word I am to say to you ; it is to your 
bidding, so I say it — good-by. But it is a word whose 
meaning I can not share. Yet I have something to 
tell which I could not have dreamed if it had not 
somehow been true ; which has made it possible for 
me to believe, without hearing you speak it, that I 
am to be dismissed out of your heart. May the 
doing of it cost you far less pain than I am fearing ! 

You did not come, though I promised myself so 
certainly that you would : instead came your last 
brief note which this is to obey. Still I watched 
for you to come, believing it still and trusting to 
silence on my part to bring you more certainly than 
any more words could do. And at last either you 
came to me, or I came to you ; a bitter last meet- 
ing. Perhaps your mind, too, holds what hap- 
pened, if so I have got truly at what your will is. 
I must accept it as true, since I am not to see you 
again. I can not tell you whether I thought it or 
| dreamed it, but it seems still quite real, and has 
turned all my past life into a mockery. When I 
came I was behind you ; then you turned and I 
could see your face — you, too, were in pain ; in that 
we seemed one. But when I touched you and 
would have kissed you, you shuddered at me and 
drew back your head. I tell you this as I would tell 
you anything unbelievable that I had heard told of 
you behind your back. You see I am obeying you 
at last. 

For all the love which you gave me when I 
seemed worthy of it I thank you a thousand times. 
Could you ever return to the same mind, I should be 
yours once more, as I still am ; never ceasing on my 
side to be your lover and servant till death, and — if 
there be anything more — after as well. My lips say 
amen now ; but my heart can not say it till breath 
goes out of my body. Good-by ; that means — God 
be with you. I mean it ; but He seems to have 
ceased to be with me altogether. Good-by, dearest. 
I kiss your heart with writing for the last time, and 
your eyes, that will see nothing more from me after 
this. Good-by. 

But she keeps on writing letters, even after she 
sends him no more ; and these last letters, which are 
locked in her drawer, "love's dead-letter office," 
and found only after her death, tell the story of her 
decline and death from a broken heart. The follow- 
ing is written toward the last, and the pathos of it 
needs no comment : 

1 lay hands on myself, half doubting, and feel my 
skeleton pushing to the front ; my glass shows it 
me. Thus we are all built up ; bones are at the 
foundations of our happiness, and when the happi- 
ness wears thin, they show through, the true archi- 
tecture of humanity. 

It is deadly when a woman's sex, what was once 
her glory, reveals itself to her as an all-containing 
loss. I realized myself fully only when I was with 
you : and now I can't undo it. You gone, I lean 
against a shadow, and feel myself forever falling, 
drifting to no end, a Francesca without a Paolo. 
Well, it must be some comfort that I do not drag 
you with me. I never believed myself a "strong" 
woman ; your lightest wish shaped me to its liking. 
Now you have molded me with your own image and 
superstition, and have cast me away. 

Are not the die and the coin that comes from it 
only two sides of the same form ? There is not a 
hair's breadth anywhere between their surfaces 
where they lie. the one inclosing the other. Yet 
part them and the light strikes on them how differ- 
ently I That is a mere condition of light ; join 
them in darkness, where the light can not strike, 
and they are the same — two faces of a single form. 
So you and I, dear, when we are dead, shall come 
together again, I trust. Or are we to come back to 
each other defaced and warped out of our true con- 
junction? I think not ; for if you have changed, if 

soul can ever change, I shall be melted again by 
your touch and flow to meet all the change that is in 
you, since my true self is to be you. 

Oh, you, my beloved, do you wake happy, either 
with or without thoughts of me ? I can not under- 
stand, but I trust that it may be so. If I could 
have a reason why I have so passed out of your life 
I could endure it belter. What was in me that you 
did not wish ? What was in you that I must not 
wish for evermore ? If the root of this separation 
was in you, if in God's will it was ordered that we 
were to love, and without loving less afterward be 
parted, I could acquiesce so willingly. But it is this 
knowing nothing that overwhelms me. I strain my 
eyes for sight and can't see ; I reach out my hands 
for the sunlight, and am given great handfuls of dark- 
ness. I said to you the sun had dropped out of my 
heavens. My dear, my dear, is this darkness indeed 
you ? Am I in the mold with my face to yours, re- 
ceiving the close impression of a misery in which we 
are at one ? Are you, dearest, hungering and thirst- 
ing for me, as I now for you? 

I wonder what, to the starving and drouth- 
stricken, the taste of death can be like ! Do all the 
rivers of the world run together to the lips then, and 
all its fruits strike suddenly to the taste when the 
long deprivation ceases to be a want ? Or is it 
simply a ceasing of hunger and thirst— an antidote 
to it all ? 

I may know soon. How very strange if at last I 
forget to think of you ! 

The editor of the letters says : " The story which 
darkens these pages can not be more fully indicated 
while the feelings of some who are still living have 
to be consulted ; but one thing at least may be said 
as regards the principal actors — that to the memory 
of neither of them does any blame belong. They 
were equally victims of circumstances, which came 
whole out of the hands of fate, and remained, so far 
as one of the two was concerned, a mystery to the 
day of her death." 

Perhaps the most feasible explanation of the 
tragedy which has yet been advanced is that of a 
reader of the Academy, who rejects all solutions 
offered by reviewers up to date, and sets forth a 
theory of his own. "The only hypothesis," he 
says, "which fits all the circumstances of the case is 
that the girl's father was the father of the young man 
also, and to the truth of this hypothesis innumerable 
indications point in a striking way. Though 
the young people had spent all their lives within six 
miles of each other, they met at last only by acci- 
dent. Some powerful agency had hitherto kept 
them apart ; this agency was the young man's 
mother, and it is during her absence that the inti- 
macy begins. From the first she is opposed to the 
match, and looks upon the girl, who is rich, charm- 
ing, beautiful, and in every respect desirable, with a 
coldness which amounts to repulsion. At the be- 
ginning her opposition is discreet, calculated, diplo- 
matic ; gradually, as she becomes less hopeful of 
stifling the attachment while it is still immature, 
she tries more violent means — appeals, entreaties, 
threats. These also are in vain, and she finally 
realizes that nothing but a confession of the truth 
will avail to sever loves so faithfully and so firmly 
knit. At the last possible moment she makes the 
confession, with the result that the letters show. 
The young man, filled with horror, pity, and de- 
spair, bids his beloved farewell in words which must 
be cruel, for they must leave no shadow of hope be- 
hind them. And does she not have an unconscious 
intuition of the nature of his feeling in the mystic 
vision, in which he shrinks, shuddering, from her 
kiss ? In the meantime, he can no longer bring 
himself to condnue living with his mother, who dies 
very shortly after the revelation of her guilt. And, 
in spite of a momentary gleam of hope, her death 
brings no return of her lover to the unhappy girl." 

Published by Doubleday, Page & Co., New York ; 
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January 21, 1901. 


A Daughter of Sorrow. 
The impossible has been attempted in "The 
House Behind the Cedars,'' the latest story from the 
pen of Charles W. Chesnutt. The heroine of the 
novel is the daughter of a " bright mulatto " woman 
and a white man, and it is made to appear that the 
sins of the father she had never been permitted to 
name, and the mother who had uncomplainingly 
borne the sorrow of her position, were visited upon 
the innocent young woman. She had grown up in 
a little North Carolina village, known only as 
Molly Walden's girl Rena. There was no outward 
show of the negro blood in her veins, and her 
grace, beauty, and melting voice made her very 
attractive. Just before she reached womanhood, a 
brother who had gone away years before, success- 
fully conquered fortune, and as a white man had 
married the heiress of a fine estate, returned home 
secretly and decided to give his sister the future to 
which her attractions and ability seemed entitled. 
He sent her for a year to a fashionable school, then 
brought her to his home and introduced her into 
the society in which he had secured a position. She 
was soon loved by a wealthy young planter, and 
after some hesitation on her part was won. As was 
to be expected, she was eager to tell him the secret 
of her birth, but out of consideration for her brother 
remained silent. The wedding was close at hand 
when the truth was accidentally discovered by the 
lover, and he at once broke the engagement. Rena 
then returned to her old home, began teaching a 
negro school, was persecuted by a mulatto admirer, 
and died from a fever brought on by a night out in 
the swamp during a storm. 

This is a sad story, but not a strong one. The 
author, with all his art, does not succeed in winning 
the sympathy of the reader for his heroine. In fact, 
she is hardly real. The keen, business-like brother 
is a better figure. His character and career are not 
beyond the probabilities. The tragedy of the story 
should be in the giving up of her children by the 
lonely old mother, the sacrifice of their love and 
care. The proud places they might win seemed 
glorified even in her sight, and she consented with 
courage worthy of a better cause to see them leave 
her forever. 

Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; 
price, $1.50. 

Won by Wit and a Good Sword-Arm. 

Youths in plenty have gone up to Paris from the 
provinces, rich in hope and poor in pocket, and by 
courage and skill have won fortune and a high 
place. Some, even, have prospered beyond their 
deserts, but those do not write their adventures. In 
"At Odds with the Regent," by Burton Egbert 
Stevenson, the hero is one who would win in any 
battle. The Paris that Jean de Brancas goes to is 
of the first half of the eighteenth century, when good 
swords and skill in wielding them were in demand. 
The Due de Richelieu takes up the young ad- 
venturer, but the new friendship for a time gains 
him more desperate dangers than joyful rewards. 
A conspiracy to overthrow the regent and proclaim 
Philip of Spain King of France is on foot, and the 
young duke and his hot-headed admirer are at once 
in its midst. Discovery and the Bastille follow, of 
course, but there are marvelous escapes, and much 
fighting and love-making, as well as plots and in- 
trigues. The conspiracy fails, but by a lucky stroke 
De Brancas saves the life of the regent and wins a 
bride and an estate. 

It is a pleasing romance, quick in action, and 
carrying the interest of young hearts with easy grace. 
The hero tells his own story, but it is never boastful, 
though his feats of valor are worthy of the time. 
But few glimpses are given of the fair heroine, but 
that she is deserving is certain from the grateful, 
happy words with which the chronicle closes. 

Published by the J. B. Lippincott Company, Phil- 
adelphia ; price, $1.50. 

One of America's Darkest Pages. 

Few can read "The American Slave Trade," by 
John R, Spears, without thinking how mightily 
public sentiment and the public stomach have 
changed from the days, well within the memory of 
men, when the facts he tells were known and toler- 
ated. The Spanish Inquisition seems hardly further 
away from present possibilities. Mr. Spears has re- 
lated the history of the slave trade not exactly with- 
out passion, but at least without bias and without 
sectional prejudice. He is as unsparing of the 
Northern participants in its profits as he is of the 
Southern. He punctures the cant and hypocrisy 
that would attribute to the Northern colonies before 
the Revolution and to the Northern States for a 
long time afterward any particular virtue for ceasing 
to carry on the institution of slavery. 

He shows that the laws passed by various North- 
ern colonies imposing duties on slave importations 
were for the purpose not of limiting the traffic, but 
of obtaining a share of the profits. The Quakers of 
Pennsylvania alone, in the Colonial days, sincerely 
opposed the trade in men. The New England 
colonies ' Jok the lead in the traffic. Massachusetts 
made h^r ports a " free exchange mart for slavers " 
by alloving a drawback on slaves exported, in com- 
pensa'i n for the duty on imports. Rhode Island in 
1770 h 'i one hundred and fifty vessels in the slave 
:.rade ; a= d Newport was at one time the chief centre 

of the industry. In the early days, however, the 
worst barbarities of the traffic were not developed, 
Its profits were not so vast as they' afterward became 
with the enormous increase of demand from the 
South ; but they were always large enough. 

The attitude of the American Government, shield- 
ing itself behind laws and treaties professedly aimed 
against the trade, was little better than one of actual 
encouragement. Owing to the position taken as to 
the examination by foreign officers of ships flying 
the American flag, every difficulty was put in the 
way of arresting slave ships under the Stars and 
Stripes. Slavers of every nationality hastened to 
avail themselves of this protection by getting under 
that flag. The whole chapter is a story of cant, 
hypocrisy, dishonesty, and double-dealing. It ought 
to make every American, now that the great financial 
interests and political necessities are vanished that 
then controlled the situation, blush for his country. 

Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York ; 
price, $2.50. 

A Norwegian Government Exhibit. 

" Norway : Official Publication for the Paris Ex- 
position, 1900," is a strikingly handsome volume of 
six hundred and fifty pages, giving authoritative in- 
formation by specialists on the political, historical, 
educational, ecclesiastical, artistic, and general 
phases of the subject. The constitution and "act 
of union" of King Oscar's domain are contained in 
a thirty-four-page appendix at the end of the book, 
together with a good index. Numerous reproduc- 
tions of celebrated paintings by the Dahls, Tide- 
mand, Fearnley, Gude, Cappelen, Heyerdahl, 
Peterssen, Krohg, Thaulow, Munch, and Munthe 
(including a fine Werenskiold portrait of Henrik 
Ibsen) are among its illustrations. The compilation 
reflects unmeasured credit on the Norwegian minis- 
ter of public instruction, to whom the Storthing com- 
mitted the task of its preparation, and on the intel- 
ligence and taste of the government office in charge 
of its production. 

Sampson Low, Marston & Co., London ; price, 
$i-75- _ 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
It is definitely announced that Major Marchand is 
to publish the diary of his march through Africa. 
Several chapters are to appear in " Les Annales 
Politiques et Litcraires" There will be consider- 
able delay in the publication of Major Marchand's 
book, as only a small portion of it was in the print- 
er's hands when he was ordered to China. It is said, 
also, that the authorities have insisted upon editing 
the journal before it is given to the public. 

Lord Rosebery's "'Napoleon: The Last Phase " 
has already reached its sixth edition. 

The New York Times is authority for the 
statement that a new. collected, definitive edition of 
the works of John Ruskin is in contemplation. 
Ever since the return of Professor Charles Eliot 
Norton to this -country, communications have passed 
between him and Ruskin's literary trustees in 
England, which have now reached a point that 
makes the edition a certainty. 

Mrs. Voynich's novel, "Jack Raymond," will be 
ready for publication in England this month. The 
author of "The Gadfly" has preserved a long 
silence, and it is to be hoped that her second book 
will prove a worthy successor to the earlier work. 

It will be remembered that Arthur Lawrence pub- 
lished some time ago a volume entitled " The Life- 
Story, Letters, and Reminiscences of Sir Arthur 
Sullivan," written with the composer's authority. 
He is now at work on a complete biography, which 
will be entirely re-written, and contain much new 

Frank T. Bullen, the author of "The Cruise of 
the Cachalot," will offer in his new volume, " With 
Christ at Sea," a personal record of religious ex- 
periences on board ship for fifteen years, " a plain, 
real picture of religious life at sea." 

A new novel by " Julien Gordon " (Mrs. Rensse- 
laer Cruger), under the title of "Mrs. Clyde," a 
story of a social career, is to be published soon by 
D. Appleton & Co. It is a novel of American life, 
containing glimpses of Boston, Washington, and 
New York society, and while it is said that certain 
of the characters are susceptible of identification, 
there is no final authority for this. 

It is fitting that a negro should write the authori- 
tative book on the American negro ; that is what 
the Macmillan Company believe has been done by 
the Hon. William Hannibal Thomas in "The 
American Negro : What He Was, What He Is, and 
What He May Become," which they will publish 
this month. 

" Count Hannibal " is the title of Stanley Wey- 
man's new romance, the opening chapters of which 
appear in the January number of one of the English 

"The Biography of Emma Marshall " will shortly 
be issued. The work is by Beatrice Marshall, and 
will include the well-known writer's correspondence 
with Longfellow. In London the biography has 
been heartily welcomed. 

The address upon Abraham Lincoln, which the 
Hon. Joseph H. Choate delivered on November 
13th before the Edinburgh Philosophical Institu- 

tion, is to be published in book-form soon in this 

The Macmillan Company is publishing a modern 
play in four acts, by Mrs. W. K. Clifford, under the 
title of " The Likeness of the Night," 

Messrs. D. Appleton & Co. will publish early in 
February a new book by Alfred Ayres, the author of 
the "Orthcepist," "Verbalist," etc. The book will 
be entitled "Some Ill-Used Words," and will treat 
in the author's characteristic manner of words com- 
monly misused, giving numerous examples, with 
advice how mistakes may be avoided. 


An age too great for thought of ours to scan, 
A wave upon the sleepless sea of time, 
That sinks and sleeps forever ere the chime 
Pass that salutes with blessing not with ban. 
The dark year dead, the bright year born for man 
Dies. All its days that watched man cower and 

Frail as the foam, and as the sun sublime. 
Sleep sound as they that slept ere these began. 

Our mother earth, whose ages none may tell, 
Puts on no change ; Time bids not her wax pale, 
Or kindle, quenched or quickened, when the knell 
Sounds and we cry across the veering gale 

' Farewell ! " And midnight answers its farewell. 

' Hail ! " and the Heaven of morning answers, 
" Hail 1" — Algernon Charles Swinburne. 

To the Nineteenth Century. 
Farewell, O wondrous round of wondrous years : 
Time full of joys, of hopes, despair, and tears ; 
Time full of raucous cries of conflicts great ; 
Time full of blessings for both man and state ; 
Time full of pleasure with no lack of pain ; 
Time full of sunshine with no lack of rain ; 
Days full of genius of clairvoyant eye 
Eliciting the secrets of the earth and sky, 
Revealing these to all who choose to see. 
And making plain full many a mystery ! 
Thou hast brought forth, in sight of mortals here, 
The hidden things that come within our sphere. 
Thou hast in lavish generosity 
Enriched the tuneful store of poesie. 
In song and story hast thou haply brought 
Close to men's hearts full many a God-like thought, 
And many a message from the Master's mind 
Thy messengers have brought to human kind, 
Uplifting souls by sermon and by trope, 
And keeping live the old-time, glorious Hope ! 

The hour is here that marks thy lustrous end, 
And all too soon thy Epitaph is penned. 
What shall this be ? Of all thy titles rare 
Which is the richest ? Which beyond compare ? 
What, at the last, will be thy chiefest claim 
To an unending, most enduring Fame ? 

The Sea's subjection to the Will of Man ? 
The Harnessing of Lightning to his Plan ? 
The products of the Pencil and the Pen ? 
The periods of philosophic Men ? 
Advance in Statecraft ? In the realms of Art ? 
In science ? Surgery ? The widened chart, 
By fearless men, of Earth's great acreage— 
Which in the end will prove the greatest page 
Of this, thy history, O wondrous round 
Of mighty years, so wondrously renowned ? 

'Tis none of these that at the last shall be 
Thy best achievement — marveled Century. 
'Tis not the raising of a mighty roof 
For man to dwell beneath ; 'tis not the woof 
Of things material that thou hast wrought 
That in thy Epitaph will be the thought, 
But that with all material advance, 
By which thy Fame some singers would enhance, 
Thou hast not changed the Heart of Mortal Folk, 
Nor placed Man's soul, intrinsic, 'neath the yoke 
Of Mammon gross, and, fallen from above, 
Made him forget to Sympathize and Love ! 

Were I thy Epitaph required to write 
For all the critic world to hold in sight, 
I'd say : — 

" A gift of Years from God above 
That witnesseth no backward step in Love ; 
In constant Faith, in human Charity, 
In helpful hands and loving Sympathy : 
A gift of Years that leaves the Heart of Man 
Divinely fashioned on that Godlike plan 
That in His day of suffering and woe 
The Master pleaded for, to us, below ! " 

— John Kendrick Bangs in Harper s Weekly, 

Edna Lyall, who has been silent longer than is 
her custom, has completed a romance entitled "In 
Spite of All," which will appear as a serial before 
being brought out in book-form. The scene of the 
story is laid in the time of Oliver Cromwell, and the 
heroine belongs to a Cavalier family and is the 
granddaughter of a bishop. 

Ancestry of Matthew Arnold. 

Mrs. Humphry Ward has written as follows to 
the Liverpool Daily Post in relation to its statement 
that Matthew Arnold and his family were of Jewish 
extraction, and that their true name is not Arnold, 
but Aaron : 

" This statement, or something like it, has been 
made before by others as misinformed as your corre- 
spondent. So you will perhaps allow me to set the 
matter at rest. Whatever Matthew Arnold might 
have felt toward any kinship with the great Hebrew 
race, so fruitful in genius and in art, had he pos- 
sessed it, one can not say ; but he did not possess 
it. The main stuff of his Arnold stock was pure 
East Anglian, and his father's Suffolk forebears, 
small yeomen and fishing folk from Lowestoft and 
its neighborhood, can be traced back plainly to the 
middle of the sixteenth century. The name is, of 
course, of German origin, and there are several 
centres of it in England. But in Matthew Arnold 
and his kin there was also a marked Celtic element, 
which may perhaps account for some of the features 
and coloring that your correspondent misinterprets. 
On his mother's side he was Cornish, descended 
from Penroses and Trevenens ; while through his 
father's mother he was connected with various Irish 
families of well-known Irish names. East Anglian, 
mingled with Celtic — this, whatever may be the 
case with other Arnolds, sums up the ancestry of 
Matthew Arnold and his father." 

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January zi, 1901. 



Some Reminiscences of Its Publication by George 

Smith— How the Public Learned the 

Identity of " Currer Bell." 

George Smith. Charlotte Bronte's London pub- 
lisher, has contributed to the January Critic some 
interesting reminiscences of the author of "Jane 
Eyre." In July. 1847. " The Professor,'; by " Currer 
Bell," reached the office of Smith, Elder & Co., and 
was returned, with an appreciative criticism express- 
ing the opinion that he could produce a book which 
would command success. In a short time the manu- 
script of "Jane Eyre" was sent to Smith by 
" Currer Bell." and was first read by Mr. Williams, 
another member of the firm. 

" He brought it to me on a Saturday." says the 
writer. " and said that he would like me to read it. 
There were no Saturday half-holidays in those days, 
and, as was usual. I did not reach home until late. 
I had made an appointment with a friend for Sun- 
day morning r I was to meet him about twelve 
o'clock, at a place some two or three miles from our 
house, and ride with him into the country. After 
breakfast on Sunday morning I took the manuscript 
of 'Jane Eyre' to my little study, and began to 
read it. The story quickly took me captive. Before 
twelve o'clock my horse came to the door, but I 
could not put the book down. I scribbled two or 
three lines to my friend, saying I was very sorry 
that circumstances had arisen to prevent my meeting 
him. sent the note ofF by my groom, and went on 
readiDg the manuscript. Presently the servant came 
to tell me that luncheon was ready ; I asked him to 
bring me a sandwich and a glass of wine, and still 
went on with 'Jane Eyre." Dinner came ; forme 
the meal was a very hasty one, and before I went to 
bed that night I had finished reading the manu- 

The next day they wrote to " Currer Bell." accept- 
ing the book for publication. Of the speculations 
as to whether it was written by a man or a woman, I 
Mr. Smith says : 

" For my own part, I never had much doubt on 
the subject of the writer's sex ; but then I had the 
advantage over the general public of having the . 
handwriting of the author before me. There were j 
qualities of style, too, and turns of expression. I 
which satisfied me that ' Currer Bell ' was a woman, 
an opinion in which Mr. Williams concurred. We 
were bound, however, to respect the writer's an- 
onymity, and our letters continued to be addressed 
to ' Currer Bell, Esq.' " 

Before the anonymity was broken there arose a re- 
port that Currer, Acton, and Ellis Bell were one and 
the same person, and Charlotte and her sister Anne 
resolved that they would immediately start for Lon- 
don to prove their identity to Smith, Elder & Co. 
Mr. Smith continues : 

" That particular Saturday morning I was at work 
in my room, when a clerk reported that two ladies 
wished to see me. I was very busy, and sent out to 
ask their names. The clerk returned to say that the 
ladies declined to give their names, but wished to 
see me on a private matter. After a moment's hesi- 
tation, I told biro to show them in. I was in the 
midst of my correspondence, and my thoughts were 
far away from ' Currer Bell ' and ' Jane Eyre.' Two 
rather quaintly dressed little ladies, pale-faced and 
anxious- looking, walked into my room ; one of 
them came forward, and presented me with a letter 
addressed, in my own handwriting, to ' Currer Bell, 
Esq." I noticed that the letter had been opened, 
and said, with some sharpness : ' Where did you get 
this from ? ' ' From the post-office,' was the reply ; 
1 it was addressed to me. We have both come that 
you might have ocular proof that there are at least 
two of us.' This, then, was ' Currer Bell ' in per- 
son. I need hardly say that I was at once keenly 
interested, not to say excited. Mr. Williams was 
called down and introduced, and I began to plan all 
sorts of attentions to our visitors. I tried to per- 
suade them to come and stay at our house. This 
they positively declined to do, but they agreed that 
I should call with my sister and take them to the 
opera in the evening." 

Mr. Smith's first impression of Charlotte Bronte's 
personal appearance was that it was interesting 
rather than attractive : 

"She was very small, and had a quaint, old- 
fashioned look. Her head seemed too large for her 
body. She had fine eyes, but her face was marred 
by the shape of the mouth and by the complexion. 
There was but little feminine charm about her, and 
of this fact she herself was uneasily and perpetually 
conscious. It may seem strange that the possession 
of genius did not lift her above the weakness of an 
excessive anxiety about her personal appearance. 
But I believe that she would have given all her 
genius and her fame to have been beautiful. Per- 
haps few women ever existed more anxious to be 
pretty than she, or more angrily conscious of the 
circumstance that she was not pretty." 

Thackeray's daughter has told us how doleful an 
occasion was the evening-party given by her father 
in Miss Bronte's honor. The little novelist wouldn't 
or couldn't talk, everybody else sat about in gloom 
and constraint, and Thackeray, in despair, finally 
ran away to his club : 

" Mrs. Proctor was accustomed to tell the story of 
that evening with much humor. It was, she always de- 
clared' ' one of the dullest evenings she ever spent in 
her life,' though she extracted much entertainment 
from it years afterward. The failure of this attempt 
by Thackeray to entertain Charlotte Bronte illustrates 
one aspect of the character of both of them : In 
Charlotte Bronte her want of social gifts ; in 
Thackeray his impatience of social discomfort." 

When Mr. Smith first asked Thackeray to dine, to 
meei Charlotte Bronte, he offended her by failing to 

respect the anonymity behind which, at that time, [ 
she was very anxious to screen herself : 

" On another occasion. Thackeray roused the hid- ■ 
den fire in Charlotte Bronte's soul, and was badly 
scorched himself as a result. My mother and I had 
taken her to one of Thackeray's lectures on ' The j 
English Humorists." After the leciure, Thackeray 1 
came down from the platform and shook hands with ■ 
many of the audience, receiving their congratula- 
tions and compliments. He was in high spirits, and \ 
rather thoughtlessly said to his mother — Mrs. Car- j 
raichael Smyth — 'Mother, you must allow me to ; 
introduce you to Jane Eyre.* This was uttered in a ; 
loud voice, audible over half of the room. Every- 
body near turned round and stared at the discon- 1 
certed little lady, who grew confused and angry ] 
when she realized that every eye was fixed upon her. ; 
My mother got her away as quickly as possible." 

On the next afternoon Thackeray called : 

"I arrived home shortly afterward, and when I 
entered the drawing - room found a scene in full 
progress. Only these two were in the room- 
Thackeray was standing on the hearth-rug, looking 
anything but happy. Charlotte Bronte stood close 
to him, with head thrown back and face white with 
anger. The first words I heard were : ' No, sir ! 
If you had come to our part of the country in 
Yorkshire, what would you have thought of me if I 
had introduced you to my father before a mixed 
company of strangers as Mr. Warrington?" 
Thackeray replied: 'No, you mean Arthur Pen- 
dennis." ' No, I don't mean Arthur Pendennis ! ' 
retorted Miss Bronte ; ' I mean Mr. Warrington, 
and Mr. Warrington would not have behaved as 
you behaved to me yesterday.' The spectacle of 
this little woman, hardly reaching to Thackeray's 
elbow, but, somehow, looking stronger and fiercer 
than himself, and casting her incisive words at bis 
head, resembled the dropping of shells into a fort- 
ress. By this time I had recovered my presence of 
mind, and hastened to interpose Thackeray made 
the necessary and half-humorous apologies, and the 
parting was a friendly one." 

" Villette " is full of scenes which one can trace to 
incidents which occurred during Miss Bronte's visits 
to the home of the Smiths. The writer says : 

" The scene at the theatre at Brussels in that book, 
and the description of the actress, were suggested by 
Rachel, whom we took her to see more than once. 
The scene of the fire comes from a slight accident to 
the scenery at Devonshire House, where Charles 
Dickens, Mr. Forster, and other men of letters gave 
a performance. I took Charlotte Bronte and one of 
my sisters to Devonshire House, and when the per- 
formance, which was for charity, was repeated, I 
look another of my sisters, who had been too unwell 
to go on the first occasion, and a Miss D— — . At 
one stage of the second performance the scenery 
caught fire. There was some risk of a general 

panic, and I took my sister and Miss D each by 

the wrist, and held them down till the panic had 
ceased. I seem to have written a description of the 
occurrence to Miss Bronle. for I find that she refers 
to it in one of her letters, saying, ' It is easy to 
realize the scene.' In ' Villette ' my mother was the 
original of Mrs. Bretlon ; several of her expressions 
are given verbatim. I myself, as I discovered, stood 
for Dr. John." 

Charlotte Bronle admitted this to Mrs. Gaskell, to 
whom -he wrote : " I was kept waiting longer than 
usual for Mr. Smith's opinion of the book, and I 
was rather uneasy, for I was afraid he had found me 
out, and was offended." 

New Publications. 
" La Sainte-Catherine," by Andre Theuriet, is 
published in paper covers by William R. Jenkins, 
New York ; price, 25 cents. 

"Vanity," by "Rita," purports to be the confes- 
sions of a court modiste, and deals with fashionable 
life in London. Published by F. M. Buckles & Co., 
New York ; price, St-25- 

" Elsie's Young Folks in Peace and War," by 
Martha Finley, is the latest issue in the popular 
Elsie Books Series. Published by Dodd, Mead & 
Co.. New York ; price, $1.25. 

"The Religion of Democracy," by Charles Fer- 
guson, also bears as a sub-title " A Memorandum of 
Modern Principles." Published by the Funk & 
Wagnalls Company, New York ; price, $1.00. 

In the Beacon Biographies Series the latest issues 
are " Ulysses S. Grant," by Owen Wister, and 
" Thomas Jefferson," by Thomas E. Watson. They 
are models of biographic art in miniature. Pub- 
lished by Small, Maynard & Co., Boston ; price, 
75 cents each. 

A Revolutionary -times story of historical value, 
and of adventurous interest as well, is " In the 
Hands of the Redcoats," by Everett T. Tomlinson. 
It is a tale of the Jersey ships and shores, and has a 
young sergeant for its hero. Published by Hough- 
ton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; price, $1.50. 

" A Garden of Simples," by Martha Bockee Flint, 
is a quaint and curious volume of essays on the 
plants of a garden, interspersed with ancient beliefs, 
recipes, and practices, and tightened throughout 
with modern thought and poetic fancies. Published 
by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York ; price, 
Si. 50. 

An historical account of the development of style 
in painting and sculpture in the imperial epoch 
from Augustus to Constantine is given in " Roman 
Art," by Franz Wickhoff, translated by Mrs. S. 
Arthur Strong. The work has been pronounced an 
able compilation and learned discussion of the sub- 

ject. The publishers have printed it in sumptuous \ 
form, on heavy paper, with extra wide margins, and 
with numerous illustrations. Published by the Mac- 
millan Company, New York ; price, 58.00. 

An essay published some months ago in one of 
the reviews is now offered in book-form under the 
title '* Expansion of Russia." Its author is Alfred 
Rambaud. a senator of France, and also author of 
a greater history of Russia, published in 1883. Pub- 
lished by the International Monthly, Burlington, 
Vt. ; price, $1.00. 

Charles Allan Gilbert's latest volume of drawings 
is entitled " Overheard in the Wittington Family." 
Its humorous and satirical conceits require but little 
letter-press to bring out their story, for every picture 
is eloquent. There are some excellent portraits of 
ideals in the book. Published by the Life Publish- 
ing Company, New York ; price. $3 00. 

" Over the Great Navajo Trail," by Carl Eicke- 
meyer, is the story of a journey westward from Santa 
F6 to the Navajo Reservation, told by one who 
knows the Indians well and writes with ease. The 
volume is illustrated by numerous engravings from 
photographs, and is handsomely printed. Published 
by the author, Yonkers, N. Y. ; price, $1.50. 

la the series of souvenir booklets devoted to noted 
people of the theatre, the latest issue, " Mary Man- 
nering as Janice Meredith," is equal to the best. 
The photographs, reproduced by. fine half-tone en- 
gravings exquisitely printed, give several scenes from 
the play and portraits of the actress in many po^es. 
Published by R. H. Russell, New York ; price, 25 

General George A. Forsyth has produced a work 
of interest and permanent value in "The Story of 
the Soldier." The volume presents many practical 
details that have nowhere been given more clearly 
or more entertainingly. The work of the troops on 
the Western frontier, in particular, is described with 
knowledge and skill. Published by D. Applelon & 
Co., New York ; price, 51.50. 

"Sister Carrie," by Theodore Dreiser, is a long 
story of modern life in Chicago {$1.50). " A 
Princess of Arcady," by Arthur Henry, is a charm- 
ing romance of youth and beauty ($1.50). "The 
Boy's Book of Explorations," by Tudor Jenks, is 
made up of stories of the heroes of travel and dis- 
covery in Africa, Asia, Australia, and .the Americas 
(52.00). Published by Doubleday, Page & Co., 
New York. 

" Royal Academy Pictures, 1900," is something 
more than a beautiful volume of engravings, for the 
views are fine photographic reproductions of the work 
of the most noted English artists. There are no 
less than two hundred and fifty engravings in the 
book, representing one hundred and seventy painters 
and sculptors, and the collection is in every way as 
notable as any of the annual volumes that have pre- 
ceded it. Published by Cassell & Co., New York. 

S. J. Adair Fiiz-Gerald chose an attractive subject 
for his work, "Stories of Famous Songs," and the 
two handsome volumes in which it is presented are 
worthy of the author and title. The first volume 
treats of noted compositions of the past and present 
that have a history, and the second volume speaks in 
separate chapters of the songs of different nations. 
. There are a number of appropriate illustrations. 
Published by the J. B. Lippincott Company, Phila- 
delphia ; price, $3.00. 

Four volumes bearing titles familiar to older 
! readers are " Typee," " Omoo," " Moby Dick," and 
" White Jacket," all by Herman Melville, and all 
worthy of the popularity they enjoyed forty years 
ago. Few stories of adventure of the present day 
exceed these tales in stirring interest or practical 
; value. Melville described what he had seen in the 
South Seas, on whaling voyages, and in a man- 
of-war, and his touch is never heavy. The new 
edition of these old favorites is notably attractive. 
' Published by Dana Esies & Co., Boston ; price, 
$1.25 each. 

■ m 9 

A new trade publication, the Western Printer, 
made its first appearance this week, and its claims to 
the favor of all interested in the printing of periodicals 
and books are convincing. The magazine contains 
thirty-two broad pages of letter-press, nearly all 
original contributions, and twenty-eight pages of 
trade advertising no less valuable to its readers. It 
is illustrated by several notable half-tones, among 
them a fine portrait of William Morris. The dis- 
tinguishing feature of the publication, however, is 
the good taste and artistic skill with which types and 
rules have been chosen and combined in its produc- 
tion. It is a very handsome issue, and will compare 
favorably with the best work of master printers 
East or West. Published quarterly by the Stanley- 
Taylor Company, San Francisco ; price, 50 cents a 



Jerome A. Hart 


RCONAUT LETTERS makes a volume 

of about Son page*, handsomely printed 

in large type, on heavy paper. There are 

gome 60 illustrations from photographs. 

The book ia richly hound, with a 
unique cover dettlgn in sold, black, 
and crimson, by L. M. TJPTON". 

Opinions of the Press. 

" There is only one thing to be regretted about 

' Argonaut Letters.' That one thing is that there are 

not enough of them, so pleasant is Mr. Hart's style, 

I so instructive his talks, and so keenly observant this 

I traveler. The book is well worth reading. If you 

; can not afford to buy it, borrow it from some one." — 

San Francisco Call. 

"One of the most readable books of travel that 
. have been issued in many a day is ' Argonaut Letters.' 
1 The book is handsomely printed, and is illustrated 
I with beautifully executed half-tones of photographs. 
' The publishers have given the book a handsome 
i dress." — San Francisco Chronicle. 

"In that delightful volume, 'Argonaut Letters,' 
there is hardly anything which has not the attraction 
of novelty. In paper, printing, and illustrations it 
is as perfect a volume as will be issued anywhere. 
I It is so thoroughly a California book that it warms 
the heart to read it and see how loyal to California 
a person can be when he is abroad and enjoying the 
best that Europe or Africa has to offer."— Oakland 

"An attractive volume, beautifully printed, and 
handsomely illustrated is * Argonaut Letters.' There 
are no dull pages in it." — Oakland Tribune. 

"'Argonaut Letters" is the title of a fat, richly 
and profusely illustrated volume. These letters are 
among the very best works of travel which have 
come from any press. They are critical, witty, 
assertive, and searching. It is a book of delightful 
reading — the descriptions are vivid, strong, and 
photographic." — Sacramento Record- Union. 

" ' Argonaut Letters' is a handsomely bound and 
printed volume, and is well illustrated. The letters 
are bright and clever." — San Francisco Bulletin. 

*' ' Argonaut Letters ' is entertainingly written and 
the volume is handsomely illustrated." — Portland 

" The clubman, the cynic, the editor, the tolerant 
man of the world, the observant critic, all peep out 
from the pages of ' Argonaut Letters," and it is 
gratifying to note that European travel has not 
spoiled the author, and that he comes home an 
American citizen who is prouder than ever of his 
country. ' Argonaut Letters ' is handsomely illus- 
trated, well printed, and in every way a credit to 
California and the Pacific Coast." — Los Angeles 

" ' Argonaut Letters* are rarer . . . because they 
are unconventional. That constitutes the charm of 
these letters. They are extremely interesting. The 
volume is handsomely bound and illustrated and 
well printed." — Stockton Independent. 

"'Argonaut Letters' ... is made up of the 
recorded observations of an American intellect, at 
friction with European places and people. It con- 
tains that which many a more ambitious work does 
not. It is not the ordinary work of travel. Fifty- 
nine beautiful half-tones illustrate the work." — San 
Francisco JVews Letter. 

" Guide-book lore is conspicuously absent, but in- 
stead are the vivid impressions of a traveler who has 
the courage to use his own eyes and to record bis in- 
dependent opinions. The colloquial tone of the 
letters adds to their vivacity and dash." — San Fran- 
cisco Town Talk. 

" Few books of foreign travel will be found so 
entertaining. Mr. Hart is a keen observer and has 
a singularly happy faculty of turning his observa- 
tions into word pictures." — San Diego Union. 

Neglect of a Cough or Sore 
Throat may result in an 
Incurable Throat Trouble or 
Consumption. For relief use 
TROCHES. Nothing excels tbis simple 
remedy. Sold only in boxes. 

Price, S2.00, Wrapped for Mailing 

Forwarded, postage paid, to partien in the 
East and Europe on receipt of price. 


246 Sutter St., San Francisco. 

I Telephone Jaineg 2531. 



January 21, igoi. 

Every novel idea for stage presentation seems of 
late to come in the form of an epidemic. Since 
" Quo Vadis " broke out violently some time within 
the year, and raged at several New York theatres, 
let but an uncopyrighted subject become popular, 
and numbers of young and ambitious playwrights 
attack it eagerly and give their several versions. 
And so Nell Gwynne, who. while in the flesh, never 
was noted for exclusiveness, has in modern shape 
coquetted with various muses, and showed her- 
self the same wild madcap that captivated the fancy 
of that prince of good fellows and knave among 
kings, Charles the Second. 

Ada Rehan, after two years of retirement, chose 
this character for her re-appearance in New York in 
the play by Paul Kester entitled "Sweet Nell of 
Old Drury," which made such a success in London 
with Julia Nielsen in the liile-ro/e. It is rather diffi- 
cult to reach a conclusion at this distance, as to 
whether Miss Reban's success^ which, so far, is ap- 
parently overwhelming, is due to the constancy of 
her New York appreciators or to the excellence of 
her art and still unfaded charm. Something of the 
old girlish spontaneity and exuberance of spirits 
which lent so enjoyable an element to her unusual 
gifts as a comedian, was missing in her last visit to 
us in San Francisco. Since then, all her old land- 
mark* are swept away. When she faced again the 
familiar scene of an applauding house, it seems 
as if those multitudes of friendly faces must have 
swum in a mist before her eyes, and for a moment, 
perhaps, the thought came — 

" Life has passed 
But hardly with me since I saw thee last." 

Netertheless, the reports that reach us of her 
assumption of the character of the gay hoyden are 
all warm in praise, although few refrain from criti- 
cism of the play itself. The opening scenes are 
similar to those of the play we have been witness- 
ing in San Francisco ; but it seems to me that 
Charlotte Thompson has hit on a happier solution 
in carrying out the idea that Nell helps a friend to 
gain a bride by a plan which involves her own 
masquerading in male dress. It is hardly credible, 
even to the tolerant imagination of the ordinary 
theatre-goer, that Nell Gwynne could befool the 
courtiers in her little realm into believing herself, 
in the slight disguise of wig and robes, to be 
Jeffreys, lord chief-justice of England. This is the j 
great scene of Mr, Kester's play, and sad nonsense 
it must be. 

There is no great scene in the version played by 
Miss Roberts, and the whole affair is rather light 
and manifestly pitchforked together to meet a popu- 
lar demand. Nevertheless, the authoress, in her 
brighter moments, shows quite a happy faculty for 
light, brisk, amusing dialogue, although a good 
deal of it preceding Nell's appearance is dull ; and 
Haynes, the old ex-actor, is far too successful a bore 
to be permitted to hold the stage so long. But 
things improve immensely with the appearance of 
Nell, who is as audacious a little trollop as we have 
a right to expect, and whose lines have considerable 
snap and go to them. In spite of this fact, how- 
ever, there is occasionally a slightly hollow ring to 
the gayety and high spirits of the Drury Lane queen. 
This we may put down, perhaps, to the fact that 
Miss Roberts's specialty lies in emotional acting ; 
and, while she was a vivacious and animated Nell, 
she was not exactly an amusing one. It would be a 
capital part for a young and pretty actress who has 
the gift of humor, and whose forte lies in pure com- 
edy. Miss Roberts's small stature and neat little 
feet make a physical resemblance to the Nell whose 
portrait is handed down in the memoirs of the time, 
and she has donned a wig of red curls to add a 
further touch of historical realism. The result, 
however, is not happy. Few women— and these 
generally of an Evangeline type of face — can stand 
the hardening effect of having their features framed 
in the stiff spirals of curls, and hair of such an un- 
compromising red can go becomingly only with the 
apple-blossom complexion 

" Whose red and white 
Nature's own sweet and cunning hand laid on." 

Nell Gwynne's kindness of heart is rather over- 
insisted upon, but then it is necessary in plays 
founded on the doings of personages of history, 
even of such light ladies as Nell, that their best- 
remembered trails should, in the painting of the 
portrait, be brought out with broad strokes. Some 
of her chroniclers dismiss with a sneer their mention 
of the ki.ig's light o' lov», who yet remained faithful 
to her royal lover even after his death, and who 
testified to a kindness of nature by leaving behind 
her at ,er early death a fund v ose interest was dis- 
ribute r or many years among the unfortunates in 

1 London prisons, and for that matter perhaps is still 

I have been dipping into sketches of the lives of a 
number of players lately, and I have come to the 
conclusion that in them there is a remarkable 
paucity of incident or, rather, events. Actors and 
actresses are, on the whole, a very hard-working set 
of people, whose lives revolve pretty closely around 
their daily task, and, except for highly diversified 
matrimonial experiences, they seem to jog-trot along 
pretty much like the rest of weary humanity. But 
with a difference. And that is the strange rapture 
they seem to feel in their work. An illustration of 
this may be found in a short account I read of a 
young actress who was " on the road " during win- 
ter. The compaoy of which she was a member was 
exposed to the usual hardships, which included long 
hours of work, short rests, and the frequent neces- 
sity of rising at unholy hours in the morning when 
cars had ceased to run, and walking through snowy 
slush to stations. But the actress in question was 
happy, and bore it all unmurmuringly, for she re- 
ceived her full and soul-salisfying reward in the pure 
enjoyment gained by a nightly appearance on the 
stage which lasted but ten minutes ! Whence the 
enchantment, one wonders. Perhaps it is in the 
unspeakable gratification of being silently and attent- 
ively listened to without interruption by a houseful 
of interested people. A rare joy, off the stage, and 
only gained by excelling merit or deep strategy. 
Have you ever noticed how a great talker loves to 
gain the attention of a roomful ? How he husbands 
his resources and waits for a lull to fling his choicest 
morsel at idle and unlistening ears ? How his gen- 
eral's eye sees one precious listener seized for a whis- 
pered icte-a-tete f How his story flows on with ever 
an eye on the deserter, until he notes his waning 
attention ? How, at the proper moment, the talker's 
voice rises and urges, charges, and, with a brilliant 
sortie, the escaped one is recaptured ? 

Clement Scott, in his recently written book about 
Ellen Terry, seems, in spite of her brilliant career 
as an actress, to have a very meagre store of in- 
formation to draw on, for an appreciable part of 
the volume is taken up by a lengthy correspondence 
concerning the exact date of Miss Terry's first ap- 
pearance as a child. We gain much interesting in- 
formation concerning Mr. Scott's baby sweethearts 
and early enthusiasms ; we are told that he once 
edited a theatrical magazine, that various famous 
men have been his friends, that Du Maurier was 
his brother-in-law, and some sacredly treasured 
notes from Ellen Terry appear. But the chronicles 
of her life consist in specifying the parts she 
played, in mentioning the changes of theatrical 
companies, her marriages, and her most noted suc- 

A fat volume by Amy Leslie, called "Some 
Players," seemed to promise well. Amy Leslie is 
the dramatic critic of the Chicago Record, and evi- 
dently possesses an enthusiastic nature, a warm 
heart, and a not particularly cool head. She has de- 
voted a chapter each to many of the most noted of 
American players, and, judging from these writings, 
she evidently spends a good deal of her spare time 
among her friends of the stage. Her book, how- 
ever, is rather hard reading, as one has to wade 
through rivers of adjectives to get at the meat of her 
discourse. Miss Leslie's literary custom places her 
subject on a pedestal that towers Olympus high, and 
proceeds to shower him with the choicest bouquets 
of rhetoric. Modjeska has an "adorable person- 
ality" ; Mansfield's talents are " prismatic," his 
genius "polychromatic"; Mrs. Fiske is " all lu- 
minous intensity, fine and sheer as a mist of lace " ; 
Bernhardt has a "disastrous, slim, lynx smile"; 
Rejane is "luminous and scintillating as a poet's 
raptures." Her sketches must be very agreeable 
reading to the subjects, for her attitude, which 
has the grace of sincerity, is the most ingra- 
tiating one in which to approach many of the 
famous players. Their life, with its constant, 
feverish bids for applause, tends to undue self- 
appreciation, and even the coolest and most tem- 
perate nature can not but be influenced by the ad- 
ulation ever offered up by an enthusiastic public. 
Miss Leslie sees her friends in intimate comrade- 
ship, and retails long conversations with the tena- 
cious memory of genuine enthusiasm. Sometimes 
she writes of a married theatrical pair — Sothern 
and Harned, and Mansfield and Cameron appear in 
her pages — and husband and wife exchange chaff, 
addressing each other by intimate home names. 
Apparently everything goes faithfully down on the 
Leslie memory tablets, and is promptly retailed to 
an attentive public. Her theatrical friends know, 
of course, that each idle woi d is listened to in the 
spirit of business as well as amity, but in more ways 
than one publicity is the breath of life to them. 
They appear in her pages as a jolly, social, bright- 
witted class, packed with anecdotes, full of en- 
thusiasms, and ready to enjoy to the full the carry- 
ing out of various hobbies during their seasons of 
rest and recreation, for which many of the most 
prosperous have purchased and fitted homes of 
great luxury and beauty. Nevertheless, to read of 
the work-a-day part of their lives leaves on the mind 
an impression of a constant rotation between the- 
atres, restaurants, hotels, and railway stations. 

Josephine Hart Phelps. 

— Dr. Decker, Dentist, 806 Market. Spe- 
cialty, "CouonGas" for painless teeth extracting. 


Mr. and Mrs. Georg Henschel, who are making 
their farewell tour of America, began a series of 
song-recitals at Mendelssohn Hall, in New York, 
last week, and were enthusiastically received. Ac- 
cording to the critic of the New York Evening Post, 
" the first concert was a delight from beginning to 
the end. Mrs. Henschel was in good voice, and 
sang better than at any previous time, and no artist 
ever heard in this country has succeeded as Mr. Hen- 
schel does in blending the piano part with the voice, 
and in showing how absurd it is, in these Lieder, to 
speak of 'accompaniments.' To hear him is to 
learn more about song-singing and playing than 
can be learned in a hundred lessons from the aver- 
age teacher, and at the same time to enjoy a 
pleasant hour or two." These popular singers will 
give concerts at Metropolitan Hall on February 
5th, 7th, 9th, nth, 13th, and 14th. 

Mile. Anionia Dolores (Trebelli) will give a farewell 
concert at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s Hall this (Satur- 
day) afternoon. The programme will include a list 
of her most popular numbers. Robert Clarence 
Newell will act as accompanist. 

Leopold Godowsky, the Belgian pianist, will give 
three recitals at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s Hall on the 
afternoons of February 12th, 13th, and 15th. This 
will be the first appearance of this great artist on 
this coast. 

Teresa Carreno will give a limited number of re- 
citals at Sherman, Clay & Co.'s Hall during the 
week beginning March nth. 

John Philip Sousa and his famous band will give 
several concerts in this city early next month. 

Stock Companies versus Stars. 
The following is part of a poem contributed to a dis- 
cussion at the Dramatist Club on the relative merits of 
the stock and star systems : 

" Stock or Star ?" To my mind that's no question 
at all ; 
One need not date back to the ark to recall 
The time when to go to the play was a treat 
Not involving the coughing up 5 plunks per seat. 
For a modest half dollar, or two at the most, 
" In Consule Planco." I've witnessed a host 
Of plays and of players so good that I ween 
The " stars " of to-day are not 1, 2 — 16. 
" Stars"? Rubbish ! They're comets who flash 
into sight, 
To soon disappear in Cimmerian night. 
Give me — an old fogy — the old-fasbioned troupe, 
Each able and willing to do " leads " or " supe " ! 
To-night as a Hamlet or Romeo shine, 
To-morrow, sans murmur, to fill up the line 
Of light-hearted villagers, free from all care, 
Who from goblets of pasteboard quaff bumpers 
of air. 

It was not alone what they did they did well, 
(The "stars " of to-day in some few parts excel). 
But the good, old " stock " actors — may Hoaven 

rest their souls ! — 
Were great in not one but in hundreds of roles, 
They moved you to laughter, they moved you to 

tears ; 
As " heavies" earned hisses, as " heroes " roused 

cheers ; 
From Shakespeare to Morton the gamut ran 

And their work, farce or tragedy, always rang 


" Eheu fugaces ! " My memory strays — 
'Tis a failing of age — to those red-letter days 
When a Gilbert, a Warren, a Burton or Booth, 
And numberless more thought it no shame, for- 
Though the centre, by right, they had claimed of 

the stage 
On Monday — on Tuesday to come on as " page " ; 
When it was not considered a triumph of art 
To please matinee girls in a tailor-made part, 
But the "stock" actor — would that recall him I 

could ! — 
Was expected — and did— to in hundreds make 

good : 
This week as "Macbeth" win your hot-palmed 

The next one as " Toodles " compel your guffaws. 
But no longer, dear B., with my babble I'll bore, 
With a final request I relinquish the floor. 
If, like a good chap, you my gratitude would win, 
Cast a ballot for " stock " for yours. 

— J. Ckeever Goodwin. 

The Races. 
The third meeting of the midwinter racing season 
of the San Francisco Jockey Club will open at Tan- 
foran on Monday, January 21st, when an interesting 
list of races will be offered. The special events of 
the week will be the Coney Island Handicap for 
three-year-olds and over on Wednesday, January 
23d ; the Vernal Stakes for three-year old fillies, 
which are eligible to the California Oaks, on Friday, 
January 25th ; and the Winter Handicap for three- 
year - olds and upward and the San Francisco 
Champion Hurdle Race for four-year-olds and up- 
ward on Saturday, January 26th. 

The High Standard of < nullify 
Of G. H. Mumm's Extra Dry is constantly mak- 
ing new friends for this brand. 119,441 cases im- 
ported in 1900, or 79,293 more than any other 
brand. Special attention is called to the remark- 
able quality now imported. 



Lenses replaced for 50 cents. 

Any Astigmatic lenses duplicated for SI. 00 and 

Guaranteed correct and best quality. 

Oculists' prescriptions filled. Factory on premises. 
Quick repairing. Phone, Main 10. 

OPTICIANS^ H0T ^ ( ^««. 

642 Market 5t. instruments 
undcr chp.okiuc pu'ioiwo. Catalogue Free. 


Two Last Nights of " CINDERELLA." 
Monday Evening, January 21st, Sumptuous Production of 


By the Authors of " Robin Hood." 

Evenings at 8. Matine"e Saturday at 2 Sharp. 

Popular Prices — 21c and 50c. Telephone Bush 9. 


To-Night, Sunday Night, and For a Third and Last 

Week. Beginning Next Monday, the Enormous 


-:- WAY DOWN EAST -:- 

The Most Charming Pastoral Drama Ever Staged Here. 
January 28th Louis James and Kathryn Kidder. 

Beginning Monday, January 21st, Special Engagement, 

Mrs. Fiske Presenting, For the First Time in 

This City, the Play in Four Acts, 

-:- BECKY SHARP -:- 

Founded on Thackeray's " Vanity Fair." 
Prices— $7.00, $150, $1.00,750, and 50c. Seats Now on 
Sale. Only Matine'e Saturday. No Performance Sun- 

Sam Lockhart's Baby Elephants ; Montrnartrois Trio ; 
Hacker & Lester ; Warren & B Ian chard ; Swi- 
gette& Clark; Billy Link ; Great Ameri- 
can Biograph ; and Eugene 
O'Rourke and Company. 

Reserved seats, 25c ; Balcony, 10c ; Opera Chairs and 
Box seats, 50c. Mattne'es Wednesday, Saturday, and 


February 5th, 7th, 9th, 11th, 13th, and 14th 



San Francisco Jockey Club 

SEASON OF 1900-1901 


Third Meeting begins Monday, January 2tst, 
and ends Saturday, February 9th. 

Six races each day, including Steeplechases 
and Hurdle Races. 

The Coney Island Handicap for three-year-olds and 
upward will be run Wednesday, January 23d. The 
Winter Handicap, to be run Saturday, January 26th. 
The Eclipse Stakes to be run Saturday, February 2d. 
The California Oaks to be run Saturday, February 9th. 

Trains direct to Tanforan leave Third and Townsend 
at 7:00, 10:40, 11:30 A. M., 12:30, 1:00, 1:30, and 2:00 P. M. 
Valencia Street five minutes later. Special trains to the 
city at 4:15 and immediately after the last race. 

Admission to the Grounds, including railroad fare, 

Milton S. Latham, Secretary. 


SCENIC RAILWAY. (Via Sansallto Ferry.) 
Leave San Francisco, commencing Sept. 30, 1900. 
WEEK DAYS— 9:15 a. m., 1:45 and 4:00 

p. m. 
SUNDAYS — 8:00, 10:00, 11:30 a.m., and 

1:15 p. m. 

New Tavern of Tamalpais now open. 

ROUND TRIP from San Francisco, 91.40 


Choice Woolens 


Merchant Tailors, 

633 MARKET STREET (Upstairs), 

Bicycle and Golf Suits. Opposite the Palace Hotel 

Ofirontz School for Young Ladies. 

Twenty minutes from Philadelphia, two hours from 
New York. Mr. Jay Cooke's fine property. For circulars 
address Miss Sylvia J. Eastman, Principal, 

Ogontz School P. O., Pa. 

The bride (from Chicago) — " This is my fourth 
bridal tour." The bridegroom— " Well, I hope it 
will be your last one." The bride (bursting into 
tears)— " You selfish thing ! "Stray Stories. 

January 21, 1901. 




Her Experiences in Running a Theatre at the 

Paris Exposition— Description of Her 

Latest Dances. 

After an absence of four years in Europe, La Loie 
Fuller has returned to New York and is delighting 
large audiences at Koster & Bial's with her remark- 
able new "light" dances, in which many novel 
effects are introduced. To a New York Sun re- 
porter, the other day, she gave an interesting 
account of her experiences as a theatre builder and 
manager at the Paris Exposition. 

Paris has never tired of her, and, inasmuch as she 
had posed for innumerable French sculptors, who 
reproduced her in bronze and marble, and for almost 
all the famous modern French artists, who have done j 
her in oils, and pastel, and chalk, and water colors, 
the managers of the exposition proposed a Loie 
Fuller art show as an annex to the regular art ex- | 
hibition. They generously invited La Loie to build | 
a small theatre and fill it with counterfeit present- 
ments of her fair self as seen by great and good j 
artists. Being one of the most amiable women on j 
earth. La Loie agreed to help the exposition along, 
and that is where her troubles began. For, before 
her little theatre was completed, she had invested 
nearly fifty thousand dollars, and was forced to put 
up with disappointing architects, uncertain work- 
men, and several law-suits. 

'■ We filled the place with pictures and statues and 
stained-glass windows representing me," she says, 
" but nobody wanted to see them. They wanted to 
see me dance. So the manager came to me and 
told me I really must dance in that building of mine. 
The exposition was a good deal of a disappointment, 
so far as crowds and receipts were concerned, and 
they were wild to get something going that would 
draw. I said I couldn't dance in a cigar box, but at 
last I gave in. We hung the walls with dark, blue- 
green plush, and fixed the lights so they could be 
shut off, and rigged up about two hundred seats. 
The stage wasn't much more than fourteen by twenty 
feet, bin it had to do. 

. " Then my guardian angel came to the front. 
Some one told me about the Japanese actors who 
had been playing in New York. I thought they 
were what I wanted ; caught them in London, 
where the Japanese minister arranged the matter 
for me, engaged them, hurried them to Paris, and 
opened our cigar-box theatre for a dress rehearsal. 
I hadn't done any booming of the Japanese before- 
hand. Paris doesn't take kindly to that sort of 
thing, and Paris doesn't like foreign troupes any- 
way- I know my Paris now. I invited just fifty of 
the most famous French critics — men like Claretie, 
etc. — and kept the thing quiet so that the minor 
critics, who could harm us through ignorance, 
wouldn't be on hand. Then I turned Sada Yacco 
loose. I give you my word, I never saw anything 
like the way those critics went wild with enthusiasm. 
It was almost too good to be true. The thing was 
a go from the start. Sada Yacco wasn't a success. 
She was a furor. Paris was mad about her. Later, 
her husband took his place by her side, in the esti- 
mation of the critics, after he gave that play where 
he bores holes in his stomach, you know. The 
Parisians loved that, but it was Sada Yacco who 
won the day. 

" She's the nicest little thing imaginable. I never 
conceived of any one so simple. I never imagined 
any creature could have so few wants. Luxury 
m.eans absolutely nothing to her. She loves her art, 
but she hasn't an atom of vanity. All the great I 
painters besieged her, but she calmly refused to pose 
for any of them. She didn't care to meet people, or 
go anywhere. She hated notoriety. The only time 
I succeeded in hauling her out to any place was 
when I took her to see Bernhardt in * L'Aiglon.' 
She did have some curiosity about Bernhardt. She 
watched the play in that imperturbable way of hers, 
and after it was over, I asked her what she thought 
of it. 

' ' ' Think European acting very much speak 
words ; Japanese acting very much act things,' she 
said, and that was all I could get out of her. All 
right, though, wasn't it ?■ If-' L'Aiglon' isn't ' very 
much speak words, ' I don't know what you'd call 

"Well, Sada Yacco crowded our theatre. Our 
two hundred seats weren't a drop in the bucket. 
We charged one dollar for seats at first, but late in the 
season people paid five dollars and even ten dollars for 
a seat. It was all a personal triumph for the little 
Japanese woman. I gave ten-minute dances three 
times a day, but I just danced any old thing. I 
wasn't it. 

" Maybe you think my troubles were over when I 
got rid of the architect and found the Japs. I guess 
not. I had two managers to worry me. The third 
was better. I've got him yet. Then I thought I'd 
run a theatre in American fashion. That's all I 
knew abont it. They wouldn't have it. Do you 
suppose Paris is going to allow any foreign whip- 
pexsnapper to step in and show it tricks ? * Hardly. 
They had liked my dancing over there, but when I 
tried to show them how to run a theatre, they said I 
was too fresh. I struggled for a little while, but I 
had to come down off my perch. 

You see, I thought I'd have sure-enough ushers 
in uniform, pay them salaries, and give away the 
programmes and foot-stools. It looked like phil- 

anthropy, didn't it ? You've seen the little old 
women in rusty black who sell programmes and 
take tips in French theatres, and never give back 
the change. Now would you think they'd be a 
sacred tradition ? They are. The public cried for 
them. It wanted to pay for programmes and foot- 
stools. It wanted to be robbed. It liked flocks of 
crows flopping up and down the aisles. My nice 
clean boys in buttons wouldn't do at all. I had to 
fire them and get the little, old, rusty-black women. 
Then everybody was happy. Of course about once 
an evening somebody would raise the devil about 
having been robbed by one of the women, but I 
suppose that is part of the fun. Maybe that is what 
the public missed. 

" Take my advice. Don't try to build and run a 
theatre at the next world's fair. I'm a wreck. I'm 
going to Japan to rest from French architects and 
managers and ushers. Sada Yacco was eager to 
have me dance in Japan. She is sure it will be a 
tremendous go ; says her people are especially fitted 
to love and appreciate my particular kind of dance. 
I wanted to see Japan, and I knew the change and 
the long sea-voyage would rest me. One can't work 
on the ocean. So I agreed to go. It is a great loss 
of time and money. I shall dance there only two or 
three times, and I don't even know where or how. 
I've left that all to my Japanese friends. I would 
have gone home with them when they went, only 
business complications detained me. It will be great 
fun, I think, and I'll see an interesting side of Jap- 
anese life that the ordinary tourist doesn't see. They 
are planning great things for me. 

" When I come back I'll bring the Japanese act- 
ors with me. They are under contract to me for all 
next year. We will open in Berlin in September, 
and then tour the Continent, Russia included. I 
haven't danced in Russia yet. and I want to go." 

The first sight of Loie Fuller in the arrangement 
of dances she is using at Koster & Bial's, in New- 
York, shows only her face. This is turned toward 
a beam of light that comes up through the stage. 
So soon as the blonde curls and plump visage may 
be taken in, illuminations are turned on slowly from 
the space above the stage. The floor is covered 
with a black cloth that runs over the footlights. A 
row of mirrors so nearly surrounds her that the size 
of the stage opening is lessened somewhat, and the 
scenery within the mirrors counterfeits showily the 
stalactites of rocky caverns. All the light furnished 
for the dance that follows comes from above, reach- 
ing the dancer diagonally from either side. The 
steps are akin to a waltz, and are more a dance than 
were the posturings of her former displays. The 
dancer's draperies, while ample, are not remarkably 
extensive, and are not brought into a complicated 
flutter until the very end. 

That is followed by a " fire dance," and this be- 
gins with posturing that seems meant to express 
vain appeal and much of that sort of thing, but the 
programme does not give a clew to its meaning, and 
the audience does not take especial interest in it, 
though throughout it the dancer is brought into 
impressive conspicuousness. What watchers wait 
for is a semblance of flame, and they get a gorgeous 
copy. The dancer's skirts are more voluminous 
than they were in her first essay, and she carries, 
besides, a scarf. When light is turned on from 
beneath her the scarf is kept waving in one hand 
and the skirts are lifted by her other hand, so 
that two sections of flame are simulated. At 
times the colorings of one part are quite differ- 
ent from the other, and when the two are min- 
gled at the finish of the exhibit, the hues are 
extraordinarily brilliant. The third dance is of 
the order that heretofore has been named after 
various lilies. As first seen for it, the dancer stands 
with her draperies spread out about her. They 
make a circle on the stage, twelve feet across, and as 
the dance progresses it is seen that there are many 
thicknesses of them. An upper layer is waved aloft 
by wands seven feet long, and into these folds the 
others blend. The lights here are clear white, and 
the "lily" that is its final picture has a height of 
twelve feet. For this the mirrors are hidden with 
black. Plainly, so big a blossom is too big to be 
reflected into clusters. 


clown ballet in the carnival scene, and a skit on 
trusts and corporations. 

Another number of the Mark Hopkins Institute 
Review of Art is out and is in every way an im- 
provement upon the two former issues. This time 
some color work has been presented, the most nota- 
ble being a reproduction of Helen Hyde's latest 
colored etching, "On the Bund." The admirable 
portrait of the late Collis P. Huntington, done by 
William Keith, has been reproduced in two well- 
handled tones of brown. One article is devoted to 
a consideration of the new music pavilion, the gift 
of Clans Spreckels to Golden Gate Park, and is 
illustrated with drawings of the spandrels modeled 
by Robert I. Aitken, as well as a half-tone of the 
pavilion. Reproductions of several pictures recently 
exhibited are given, and one interesting photograph 
of San Francisco, taken at night, during the ninth 
of September illumination. The editor, Captain 
Robert Howe Fletcher, has given a summary of 
recent exhibitions, and paragraphs on art at home 

and abroad. 

■ * — • 

In addition to granting her suit for divorce the 
court has permitted Countess Festetics de Tolna to 
resume her maiden name, and henceforth she will 
be known as Ella Haggin. 

Mrs. Fiske in " Becky Sharp." 
The most interesting event at the theatres next 
week will be the appearance of Minnie Maddern 
Fiske at the California Theatre in her elaborate 
production of " Becky Sharp," and that she will j 
receive a warm welcome is evident from the fact 
that the entire house is already sold out. Langdon 
Mitchell's adaptation of Thackeray's masterpiece is 
said to embody almost everything dramatic that i 
relates to Becky, and is a well-knit story of her 
more no* able adventures and the doings of the 
main personages with whom she comes in contact. 
Incidentally it affords an illustration of the man- 
ners of one of the most interesting and picturesque 
periods of English history, and it involves one of 
the most intricate and imposing productions which 
has been given here. Its thirty-odd speaking char- 
acters are accurately costumed in the fashions of 
the story's period, and the play has a striking and 
elaborate scenic equipment. 

Mrs. Fiske has surrounded herself with an excel- 
lent company, which includes Laura Magilvray, 
Mary E. Barker, Clara Everett, Francesca Lincoln, 
Agnes Bruce, Ethelwyn Hoyt, Katherine Ferguson, 
Dorothy Stanford, Mary Maddern, Adelaide Plun- 
kett, Emily Stevens, Charles Vane, Robert V. Fer- 
guson, Charles Plunkett, Frank Gillmore. Norman 
Conniers, Paul Gerson, Alfred Hudson, Frank Mc- 
Cormack, C. J. Burbidge, William W. Browne, 
James Morley, Paul Weigel, George R. Bonn, 
Neil Grey, Clarence Jackson, George H. Haynes, 
Hugh Cameron, Arthur W. Row, and Otto Meyer. 

"The Fencing Master" at the Tivoli. 

After a very prosperous run, the holiday spectacle, 
" Cinderella," will give way to an elaborate revival 
of Smith and De Koven's tuneful opera, "The 
Fencing Master," which has not been heard here for 
several years. The cast of characters will be as fol- 
lows : Duke of Milan, Edward Webb ; Fortunio, 
rightful heir to the ducal throne, Tom Green ; 
Torquato, fencing-master to the Milanese court, 
afterward general manager of " The Venetian Secret 
Assassination Company, Limited," Thomas Guise ; 
Francesca, daughter of Torquato, brought up as a 
boy and known as Francesco, Maud Williams ; 
Pasquino, private astrologer and fortune-teller to 
the duke, Ferris Hartman ; Count Guido di Malas- 
pena, a young noble in love with the Countess 
Filippa, Arthur Boyce ; the Marchesa di Goldoni, 
Bernice Holmes ; Filippa, the duke's ward and cousin 
of the Marchesa, Julia Cotte ; Theresa, daughter 
of the money-lender, Arazzi, Annie Myers ; Pietro, 
an innkeeper. Amice Leicester ; Michaele Steno, the 
Doge of Venice, Harry Richards ; Beatrice, a 
Venetian girl, Alice Gray ; Isabella, betrothed of 
Pietro, Josie Davis ; and Rinaldo, captain of the 
Doge Guards, Joseph Fogarty. 

A number of up-to-date features wilt be introduced, 
such as a series of evolutions by lady fencers, a 

Last Week of "Way Down East." 
On Monday night " Way Down East " will enter 
on its third and last week at the Columbia Theatre, 
and Mr. Grismer should be pleased with the excellent 
houses which this pastoral play has drawn. It is 
prettily staged, tells an interesting story, and intro- 
duces the audience to a gallery of amusing charac- 
ters such as Martha Perkins, the village gossip, who 
stirs up trouble for every one ; faithful Seth Hol- 
comb, Martha's devoted slave, who is troubled with 
rheumatism and loves his "bitters"; Rube Whip- 
ple, the calm Yankee constable who always has 
his eye on somebody ; Hi Holler, the chore-boy, 
with bis infectious laugh ; the absent-minded pro- 
fessor hunting for butterflies ; and Squire Bartlett, 
who when not in a tantrum, is a dear, old, lovable 

The next production will be Shakespeare's ** A 
Midsummer Night's Dream," with Kathryn Kidder 
as Helena and Louis James as Bottom. 

At the Orpheum. 

Sam Lockhart's elephants are the star performers 

at the Orpheum, and will continue to be for some 

weeks to come. For once the press agent and the 

bill-posters have not exaggerated what is announced 

on the programme as "the greatest animal act in 

j the world." The elephants go through a remark- 

j able performance,, and execute feats which win 

\ enthusiastic applause. They ride a bicycle, do a 

cake-walk, play on various instruments, execute a 

marvelous balancing act, and, in short, do almost 

j everything but talk. Others who will be retained 

I from this week's bill are Eugene O'Rourke and Rose 

I Braham, who will appear in a new sketch ; Billy 

. Link, the black-faced monologist ; and the biogxaph, 

1 with a series of pictures never seen here before. 

Among the new-comers will be the Montmartrois 

Trio of French operatic vocalists, which includes 

j Marius Delaur and the sisters Debrimont ; Hecker 

1 and Lester, comedy acrobatic cyclists ; Warren and 

1 Blanchard. who will be seen in an amusing musical 

comedy ; and Swigette and Clark, in a sketch in 

which they will introduce some clever Sis Hopkins 

' imitations. 

■ m . 

Among the most notable contributions to the 
I Overland Monthly for January are " Welcoming 
the Buddha's Most Holy Bones." by D. Brainard 
; Spooner ; " Birds of Prey," a story, by Elizabeth 
Haight Strong; "The Diary Habit," by Gelett 
Burgess; "Sister Filomena." a story, by J. F. 
Rose-Soley ; " The Adventures of Shunyakclah," 
an illustrated legend, by Frances Knapp ; "A 
Chinese Misalliance," by A. B. Westland ; " Pict- 
uresque Guanajuato," by Clara Spalding Brown ; 
" The Arrowhead," by Eugene Elton ; " Indians of 
the Hoopa Reservation," by Theodore Gontz ; and 
verse by Park Barnitz. L. Craigham, Charlotte 
' Leech. Ina Wright Hanson, and others. 

Country Club 

Luncheon f 

Specialties l( 


Luncheon Specialti 



100 x 145 Feet. Near City Hall. 


Or building will be erected to suit tenant 
over whole or part of lot on a ten years' 
lease. Deep lot, adjoining Studebaker Bros. 
Street in rear. 

'Zi.S-2-iO Montgomery Street. 


January 21, 1901. 


Because John Kiehl, a New York druggist, sold 
a chemical to Lillie Verona, the soubrette, that 
turned her hair green instead of auburn, she is now 
suing him for five thousand dollars damages. Until 
three weeks ago her hair was of a golden hue, but as 
she wanted it changed to auburn, she went to a pro- 
fessional hair-changer and asked his advice. He 
told her that the very thing to do the job was a 
solution of water and powdered henna leaves. Ac- 
cordingly, she repaired to the drug store of Mr. 
Kiehl and asked for ten cents" worth of the powder. 
When she reached her room in the evening, she 
mixed the solution as directed by the professional 
hair-changer, and applied it to her hair. When she 
awoke the next morning she hastened to her mirror 
and was almost frantic when she found that her 
flaxen tresses were streaked with brilliant green. 
She tried every kind of a wash to bring back the 
original golden tint, but it was no use. Then she 
went to consult hair specialists. They examined her 
hair by the aid of chemicals, washed it again and 
again, and at last all declared that the color was 
there to stay, and that the only color they could sub- 
stitute for it would be a jet black. Now, Miss 
Verona does not want black hair. She is a natural 
blonde, and black hair would not be becoming to 
her, so she has begun a suit for damages, claiming 
that the henna leaves were old and tainted. A sim- 
ilar case has just been decided in Paris. A dress- 
maker, employed by one of the principal firms in 
the Rue de la Paix, tried to conceal her gray hair by 
using a bleach. She thought she would like to be a 
blonde, so she tried every hue from the palest straw 
to the richest auburn, but her inexorable looking- 
glass told her after each fresh attempt that the most 
casual observer would detect at once that her incom- 
plete youth was the result of artifice. Worse still, 
her hair at the finish had become variegated ; she 
was a rainbow blonde, with locks that ranged from 
carrot to cadmium. In desperation she essayed a 
raven-black. The result of this application, or of 
the combined course, was a painful skin disease. 
The dressmaker blamed this visitation on the pro- 
prietress of hair dyes, and brought an action for 
damages. Her plea has been dismissed, the court 
opining sagely that it is improper to interfere with 
nature, and that those who do, do so at their risk 
and peril. Parisiennes are now warned, but it is 
more than doubtful whether there will be any de- 
crease in the number of those who borrow a portion 
of their beauty from the bottles on their toilet-table. 

be thought so, and one must make allowances for 
the opinions of others. If, for instance, a man were 
invited to dine or take tea at a house and knew his 
host or hostess held strict Presbyterian ideas as to 
the Sabbath day, it might be better not to wear 
evening clothes. There would be little consolation 
to be derived from a knowledge of being correctly 
dressed if one were the sole guest in evening-dress, 
conscious that he was shocking his hosts' ideas of 
reverence and propriety." 

"In one of the best known of our West End 
hotels may be seen the following notice," writes a 
London correspondent. "It is posted in the bed- 
rooms, as well as in the entrance hall ; ' Guests at 
this hotel have the privilege of having their crests 
placed temporarily on any of the hotel carriages. 
For particulars apply at the office.' I happened to 
be staying at the hotel, and out of curiosity I ap- 
plied at the office. It appears, then, that scores of 
'guests' avail themselves of this 'privilege,' espe- 
cially in the season. Your crest is painted for you 
on a little wooden slide made to fit closely in a 
mortise in the door panel of any of the hotel car- I 
riages. Upon your leaving the hotel you hand over 
your crest-slide to the manager, who keeps it for you 
until you favor him with another visit. The man- 
ager in question showed me several dozen of these 
little slides, or shields, with crests painted on them, 
and was anxious that I should have my own family 
lozenge produced in a like manner. He could 
have it ready for me in two days, he declared, with 
enthusiasm, and felt convinced that I should be de- 
lighted with it when I saw it. When I assured him 
that I did not by any means share his conviction, he 
went away dissatisfied and, evidently, rather puz- 
. zled, and also, I think, annoyed at my stupidity." 

Commenting on the Sunday evening-dress ques- 
tion for men, Vogue says : "It may still safely be said 
that a man should not go to Sunday-evening service 
in evening clothes, by which are meant a long-tailed 
coat or a dinner-jacket, because, although logically 
correct, it would be considered bad form if not a 
trifle irreverent. . . . It may be that in time this old- 
time idea will pass away, but as yet it is almost uni- 
versally adhered to. For all other occasions on Sun- 
day night, evening clothes are correct. Large dinners 
are still rarely given then, and in this country 
theatres as a rule are closed, and other public amuse- 
ments not indulged in, but it has become the custom 
during the past few years, in New York at least, for 
people to give small informal dinners, either at 
home or more usually at one of the smart hotels or 
restaurants, and the man who is asked to such a 
dinner should, as a rule, wear evening clothes. 
Common sense might, however, have to determine 
the matter, for if a man were making a call on Sun- 
day afternoon in a frock or morning-coat, and was 
asked to stay to dinner or to go out to a restaurant 
to dine, it would be absurd as well as impossible for 
him to run home and change his clothes. It is also 
correct to wear lull evening-dress when making calls 
on Sunday light, although many men do not do so. 
After all, a man must use his judgment, for while the 
rule of rar iking no distinction as regards evening, 
dress, t* - pt for church service, as viewed from the 
nandpoi 1 of society, is undoubtedly the correct one, 

:i better to be in fact incorrecuy dressed than to 

May Irwin, the favorite comedienne, has an- 
nounced her intention of establishing a model apart- 
ment house in New York, which she will manage 
herself. The house which she intends to build will 
occupy not only the site of the residence at 155 
West Forty-Fourth Street, in which she lives, but 
the ground occupied by the house directly in the 
rear, 156 West Forty-Fifth Street. A fortnight ago 
she purchased this house, paying for it thirty-five thou- 
sand dollars in cash. As soon as she moves, her 
house and the house she has bought will be torn 
down, and work will be commenced on the bachelor 
apartment house, which will cost one hundred and 
fifty thousand dollars. Every effort will be made to 
make the guests feel as comfortable as possible. 
Their clothing will be mended and kept pressed, 
and all their belongings kept in good order. A 
woman will be in charge of the house, whose duty 
it will be to see that everything that is promised 
to the guests will be carried out. "The trouble 
with all the bachelor apartments that have been 
started so far," said Miss Irwin, " is that they have 
not been kept up to the standards they have started 
with. The valets, who are supposed to shine the 
shoes and keep the clothes of the guests in order, 
generally forget to do it after the first two or three 
weeks, so that their atiendance is little more than a 
farce. In my house I purpose having all the wants 
of the guests attended to all the time. I will have a 
few improvements in the way of special closets for 
hanging clothes in, and other things like that. I 
thought at first that I might call the house after my- 
selt, but I have changed my mind about that. I will 
supervise it personally, however, and I want people 
to know that it is my house and that I'm running it. 
I think that I am pretty well fitted to run a concern 
like that. I know something about bachelors, and I 
know something about running a house, too." 

Official reports from Maine show that lobster- 
catching still holds its place as an important and 
profitable industry in the fisheries of the Pine Tree 
State. Alarming reports have been circulated per- 
sistently that lobsters would soon be as costly luxu- 
ries as the genuine diamond-back terrapin and the 
true canvas-back duck from Chesapeake Bay. But 
that evil day seems to have been put off for the 
present. Fisheries commissions have been busy 
with the work of restocking the favorite haunts of 
the lobster. The problem of multiplying the num- 
bers of diamond-backs and canvas-backs, however, 
appears to be insoluble. No chance for restoring 
the thinned-out flocks of the ducks that feed on the 
roots of the wild celery on the Atlantic coast is yet 
in view, and experiments in the breeding of choice 
terrapin of the genuine epicurean flavor on Southern 
turtle-farms have not so far been brilliantly suc- 
cessful. The demand for the daintiest table luxu- 
ries has been steadily increasing in our great cities, 
but the sources of supply are becoming far less pro- 
lific than of yore. 

From England comes the statement of the ex- 
istence there of an unusual occupation for women. 
It is that of " shoe- breaker." The professional, for 
a stated price, which is not large, will take new 
shoes and wear them to a condition of comfort, a 
process which takes from two to four days. In 
busy times it is said she has several pairs going at 
once. The limitations of the " shoe-breaker," un- 
less she has a corps of assistants to insure a range 
of size in feet, are obvious. The occupation would 
hardly flourish over here, our shoes having been 
brought to a perfection of make by which they are, 
if properly selected, comfortable from the outset. 

It seems a pity, particularly as America is becom- 
ing socially as well as politically a first-class power 
among the world's nations, that we can not adopt 
the kindly German customs, instead of the more 
formal and much more selfish English methods 
of entertaining (says a writer in the New York 
Tribune). For instance, in Germany it is the cus- 
tom for every man to ask to be presented to a 
stranger of the opposite sex. That does not imply, 
as it would over here, that he is obliged to stay 
and make conversation, and in all probability get 
"stuck" — a word that carries terror to men and 
maids alike. It is simply an act of recognition and 
kindly courtesy. The man is at liberty to withdraw 
as soon as he has made his bow, and, if he feels so 
inclined, inscribe bis name on the young woman's 
dance-card. This latter is also a Continental con- 
venience that smooths the pathway for a debutante. 
After her card is filled — and in Germany it is always 
very quickly written up, the young men there being 
no laggards where the terpsichorean art is concerned 
— she feels no further anxiety about her evening's 
enjoyment, for she knows that each partner will 
relieve the other when the latter's dance is over. 
The suppers, too, at a ball in Germany are very 
much more informal. They are by no means the 

ordeal that the stately march into a distant room, 
and the uncertainty about partners and congenial 
seats render them to many a shrinking soul at a 
New York assembly. There, small tables are brought 
into the different rooms where people are congre- 
gated, set as if by magic, and supper is served by 
the servants with the celerity born of long practice, 
while all evidences of the feast are removed with the 
same rapidity after it is over. That some reform is 
needed in our social conditions is very evident. 
Balls are becoming ordeals, when they should give 
unmingled pleasure, and the restrictions upon 
women, which render them practically helpless un- 
less they are asked by the men to dance or go in to 
supper, are really absurd. It is this state of affairs 
that congests society, so to speak, and destroys the 
spontaneity and freedom that are so essential to 
agreeable social intercourse. 

In mourning : Mrs. Housekeep — " I suppose you 
want a piece of cake, too." Harvard Hasben — " No, 
lady, but if there's an old black suit o' clothes about 
the house I could use that ; the poor fellow you 
gave the cake to yesterday was my brother." — Phila- 
delphia Press. 

• — •*» — * 


The transactions on the Stock and Bond Ex- 
change for the week ending Wednesday, January 
16, 1901, were as follows : 

Bonds. Closed. 

Shares. Bid. Asked. 

U. S. Reg. 3% 1,000 @ no no 

Bay Counties Co. 5% 6,000 ©104^ i<mK 

Hawaiian C. & S. 5% 28,000 ©103^-104 104 

Los An. Ry. 5% 6,000 @ 111K "iJ4 

Los An. Lighting 5% 4,000 @ ioo# 

Market St. Ry. 5%.. 1,000 ©122 122 

Oakland Gas 5%.. . . 1,000 @ in 110% 

Oakland Transit 6%. 2,000 @ 115M us 116 

Oceanic S. Co. 5% . . 3,000 @ 108; \ 108^3 

Omnibus C. R. 6%. . 1,000 © 128 128 
Sac. Elec. Gas & 

Ry. 5% 5.000 © 98Ji- 99 99M 

S. F. & S. J. Ry. 5%. 105, 000 © 120}^ 120 120}$ 

S. P. of Ariz. 6% 10,000 © no^i noj^ 

S. P. of Cal. 6% 1912 14,000 @ 121M 121H 

S. P. Branch 6%.... 3,000 @ 131K 131& 

S. V. Water 4% 3.000 ©104 103% 104^ 

S. V. Water 4% 3ds. . 12,000 ©102 roij^ 10254 

Stocks. Cloud. 

Water. Shares. Bid. Asked. 

Contra Costa Water.. 90 © 70^- 70^ 76% 

Spring Valley Water . 170 @ 91M- 93 gi£a 

Gas and Electric. 

Equitable Gaslight 40 @ ?% 2% 

Mutual Electric 50 @ 7 7 8 

Oakland Gas 50 © 49-/S- 5°X 49^ 50 

PacificGas 205 © 4lH~ 44% 44 44 l A 

S. F. Gas & Electric. 845 © 45#- 4&H. 4&& 47 


Bank of Cal 28 @ 410 412 

Street R. R. 

Market St 620 @ 6SJ4- 6oJ£ 69 

California St 10 @ 135 134 140 

Presidio 150 © 19 18 20 


California 43 @ 150 

Giant Con 100 @ 84^-85^ 84 S^A 

Vigorit -.. 25 @ 2>e 2K 2^ 


Hana P. Co 25 © 7 7 7^ 

HonokaaS.Co 810 @ 30^-31}^ 31^6 

Hutc hin son 795 @ 25K- 26K 26K 

Rilauea S. Co 790 @ 21- ai^i 2iJ£ 

Makaweli S. Co 510 @ 41- 41% 41 Ji 

OnomeaS. Co 250 © 28- 28% 2S# 28^ 

Paauhau S. P. Co . . . S85 © 31^- 3=K 3*% 32H 


Alaska Packers 305 ©125^-126 125 125!^ 

Cal. Fruit C. Assn.. . 4 @ 103 103^ 106 

CaL Wine Assn no @ 100 100 

Oceanic S. Co — .... 120 @ ioo^-iot 102 

The quotations for gas and electric stocks were 
irregular. San Francisco Gas and Electric selling 
up one and one-half points to 46K. Pacific Gas 
Improvement selling off one and one-half points to 
43^1, but closing at 44 & sales, while Mutual Electric 
sold down one point to seven dollars, closing 7 bid, 
3 asked. One hundred and twenty was bid for the 
stock of the San Francisco National Bank and one 
hundred and thirty-five asked. It is reported that 
the bank is doing a large and increasing business, 
and will soon be paying good dividends. The sugar 
stocks were fairly active, and about three thousand 
shares changed hands at an average advance of 
about one point. 


Local Stocks and Securities. Refer by permission 
to Wells Fargo & Co. and Anglo-Califoniian Banks, 


Member Stock and Bond Exchange. 

A. W. BLOW & CO. 

Tel. Bush 24. 338 Montgomery Street, 8. F. 


Member Stock and. Bond Exchange. 

Stock and Bond Broker. 

Telephone Bush. 351. 


Hawaiian Trust I Investment Co., Ltd 

Stocks and Bonds— We buy and sell strictly 
on commission all first-class Hawaiian Stocks and 
Bonds. Members of Honolulu Stock Exchange. 

In General — We are prepared to look after 
property both real and personal, collect and remit 
incomes, and execute any business commission for 
persons residing abroad. 

References — Messrs. Welch & Co., 220 Cali- 
fornia Street, San Francisco, Cal. Bank of Hawaii, 
Limited, Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. 

GEORGE R. CARTER, Treasurer, 

409 Fort Street, Honolulu. It, I. 

Banks and Insurance. 

536 California Street, San FranclBCo. 

Guarantee Capital and Surplus » 2,363,559.17 

Capital actually paid up in cash 1,000,000.00 

Deposits December 31, 1900 29,589,864.13 

OFFICERS— President, E. A. Bhcker ; First Vice- 
President, Daniel Meyer ; Second Vice - President, 
H. Horstmann ; Cashier, A. H. R. Schmidt ; Assistant 
Cashier, William Herrmann ; Secretary, Gborgb 
Tournv ; Assistant Secretary, A. H. Mui.leh ; General 
Attorney, W. S. Goodfellow, 

Board of Directors — Ign. Stcinhart, Emil Rohte, H . 
B. Russ. N. Ohlandt, John Lloyd, and I. N. Walter. 


532 California Street. 

Deposit? , January 1, 1901 %'A 7, 8« 1,798 

Faid-Up Capital 1,000,000 

Reserve Fund 223,45 1 

Contingent Fund 464,84 7 

E. B. POND, Pres. W. C. B. de FREMERY, Vice-Pres . 


Cashier. Asst. Cashier. 

Directors — Henry F. Allen, Robert Watt, Thomas 
Magee, George C. Boardman, W. C. B. de Fremery, Dan- 
iel E. Martin. C. O. G. Miller, Jacob Barth, E. B. Pond. 


Mills Building, 222 Montgomery St., 



Interest paid on deposits. Loans made. 

Winfield S. Jones , President 

William Babcock Vice-President 

S. L. Abbot, Jr Secretary 

Directors— William Alvord. William Babcock. Adam 
Grant. R. H. Pease, S. L. Abbot, Jr., Winfield S. Jones, 
H. H. Hewlett, E. J. McCutchep, Q. D, Baldwin 



CAPITAL 82 ,000,000 . 00 

PROFITS 83,514,068.82 

October 1st, 1900. 

William Alvord President 

Charles R. Bishop Vice-President 

Thomas Brown Cashier 

S. Prentiss Smith Assistant Cashier 

Irving F. Moulton ad Assistant Cashier 

Allen M. Clav Secretary 


New Vnrt \ Messrs. Laidlaw & Co. 

Wew * ork I The Bank of New York, N. B. A. 

Baltimore The National Exchange Bank 

Boston The National Shawmut Bank 

rh,V a <7« ! H^nois Trust and Savings Bank 

Umcago I First National Bank 

Philadelphia The Philadelphia National Bank 

St. Louis Boatmen's Bank 

Virginia City. Nev Agency of the Bank of California 

London Messrs. N. M. Rothschild & Son» 

Paris Messrs. de Rothschild Frirei 

Berlin. . . Direction der Disconto Gesellschaft 

China. Japan, and East Indies. Chartered Baok of India, 
Australia, and China 

Australia and New Zealand The Union Bank of 

Australia, Ltd., and Bank of New Zealand 

Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world . 


San Francisco, Cal. 
Capital, Surplus, and Undivided Profits, 

December 31, 1900, 98,620,223.88. 
Jno. J. Valentine, President; Homer S. King, Manager - 
H. Wadswohth, Cashier ; F. L. Lipman, Asst-Castuer ; 
H. L. Miller, Second Asst-Cashier. 

Directors — John J, Valentine, Andrew Christeson, Olivet 
Eldridge, Henry E. Huntington, Homer S. King, Geo. E. 
Gray, John J. McCook, John Bermingham, Dudley Evans. 

Branches at New York, Salt Lake, and Portland. 


Pacific Coast Managers of 

The Traders Insurance Co. 


Assets $2,500,000.00 

And Resident Agents 

Norwich Union 
Fire Insurance Society, 


Assets ------ $6,553,403 

No. 308 PINE STREET, San Francisco, Gal. 

Telephone Slain 5710 


1st — Reliable and definite policy contracts. 
2d— Sunerb indemnity— FIRE PROOF INSURANCE. 
3d — Quick and satisfactory adjustment of losses. 
4th — Cash payment of losses, on filing of proofs. 



Capita] Paid Up. 81,000,000 ; Assets, 83,869- 
451.75 ; Surplus to Policy-Holders, 83,068,830.71 . 

Benjamin J. Smith, Manager. 

COLIN M. BOYD, Agent for San Francisco. 

4ii California Street. 

BOITXiSTXiXjIi cfcr CO. 




1 401-403 Sansome St. 

and Wrapping. 

January 21, 1901. 




Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise. 

Speaking of the difficulty students experience in 
remembering the exact situation of the mitral and 
tricuspid valves of the heart. Professor Huxley once 
remarked that he remembered that the mitral (so- 
called from its resemblance to the headgear of the 
church dignitary) must be on the left side, " because 
a bishop could never be in the right." 

In one of his earliest cases, Daniel O'Connell, the 
famous Irish liberator, made a retortwhich attracted 
considerable attention to him. He was cross- 
examining an awkward witness, who declared that 
he had drunk nothing but his share of a pint of 
whisky. " On your oath, now," thundered the young 
counsel. " was not your share all but the pewter?" 

The superintendent of schools at Spokane, 
Wash., desirous of testing the powers of composi- 
tion existing in a class of eight-year-olds, requested 
that three sentences be written, each to contain one 
of the three words, "bees," "boys," and "bear." 
A small girl laboriously concocted the following 
sentence: "Boys bees bare when they go in swim- 

Signor Brignoli once agreed to sing a solo at St. 
Agnes's Church, in New York. He arrived late and 
the sermon had commenced, but Brignoli, un- 
abashed, leaned over the choir railing, and tried to 
attract the attention of the preacher by shaking his 
head and gesticulating wildly. At last he yelled out 
in a voice that reached every corner of the church : 
" Me ready for ze sing. Stoppe ze preach ! Stoppe 
ze preach 1 " And the priest actually cut the sermon 
short in order to accommodate the impatient tenor, 
whose voice now rang out with such fervor as to 
thrill the worshipers and justify the sacrifice. 

In his speech at a recent banquet at the Columbia 
Club in Indianapolis, ex-President Harrison referred 
to the claims made by some Democrats that his op- 
position to " imperialism " is leading him to Bryan- 
ism, and said: "To me the Democratic party has 
never been less attractive than now. No plan of re- 
organization suggests itself to me, except that sug- 
gested by a waggish lieutenant of my regiment to a 
captain whose platoons were inverted. He said : 
■ Captain, if I were in your place I would break 
ranks and have the orderly call the roll.' Perhaps 
even this hopeful programme may fail for an in- 
ability to agTee as to the roll and as to the orderly." 

While James Russell Lowell was editor of the 
Atlantic Monthly, Mrs. Harriet Prescott Spofford 
enjoyed a warm personal friendship with him, and 
he frequently accepted her stories. Mrs. Spofford 
feared that he might be taking them because of his 
interest in her, and not for the merit of her work. 
She resolved to put the matter to a test. Her hand- 
writing was peculiar. One of the most character- 
istic letters was her d, to the end of which she gave 
a queer little crook toward the left. In order to dis- 
guise her work she had her sister copy one of her 
stories before she sent it to the editor. Mr. Lowell 
accepted it in a letter in which he wrote : " The J"s 
may not be yours, but there is no mistaking the 

'idees.' " 


Richard Henry Dana, the author of " Two Years 
Before the Mast," told an amusing story to 
William Dean Howells of the Pacific trade, in 
which he said it was very noble to deal in furs from 
the North-West, and very ignoble to deal in hides 
along the Mexican and South American coasts. 
Every ship's master wished, naturally, to be in the 
fur-carrying trade. On one occasion, however, two 
vessels, one engaged in each of the two trades, met 
in mid-ocean and entered upon the usual nautical 
dialogue regarding their respective ports of depart- 
ure and destination. It was the honored fur-carrier 
who had begun the conversation, and from it came 
through the trumpet the final question: "What 
cargo ? " After all, hides and furs are both pelts, 
and the challenged captain, yielding to temptation, 
roared back, recklessly, "Furs!" There was a 
moment of hesitation ; then, wording his suspicions 
as considerately as possible, the other captain 
shouted back, " Here and there a horn ?" 

Governor Scofield's famous cow, whose ride from 
Oconto to Madison, Wis., on an express frank four 
years ago became a political episode, was sent home 
a fortnight ago. She made the return trip by ex- 
press also, but this time there was no frank on the 
crate, and charges amounting to about ten dollars 
were paid. The crate bore the inscription: "Sco- 
field's cow returning home after four years of official 
life, older but wiser." Her advent into politics is not 
the only distinction the governor's cow has gained. 
Governor Scofield has always claimed she was the 
most wonderful cow in America on account of the 
richness of her milk, and told stories of its quality 
which made Dean Henry of the agricultural college 
and other experts smile. Determined to convince 
them he was right, the governor one morning last 
week milked the cow himself and sent the product to 
the dairy school for inspection. The test showed 
the astonishing result of 8.4 per cent, of butter — fat 

capable of producing over nine pounds of butter 
to one hundred pounds of milk, whereas the average 
milk in Wisconsin tests 3M per cent., and s'A per 
cent, is very high. 

In his " Eccentricities of Genius." Major Pond 
tells the pathetic story of Ralph Waldo Emerson's 
last lecture, delivered in the Old South Church in 
Boston for llie fund to save that building from de- 
molition : "As he began reading his lecture the 
audience was very attentive. After a few moments 
he lost his place, and his granddaughter, sitting in 
the front row of seats, gently stepped toward him 
and reminded him that he was lecturing. He saw 
at once that he was wandering, and, with the most 
charming, characteristic, apologetic bow. he re- 
sumed his place — an incident that seemed to affect 
the audience more than anything else that could 
possibly have occurred. A few moments later he 
took a piece of manuscript in his hand and. turning 
around with it, laid it on a side table. Just then 
one of the audience said to me (I think it was Mrs. 
Livermore or Mr. Howe), ' Please have the audi- 
ence pass right out," and, rushing up to Mr. Emer- 
son, said, 'Thank you so much for that delightful 
lecture' ; then, turning around, waved the audience 
to go out. He probably had been speaking about 
fifteen minutes. The audience passed out, many of 
them in tears. It was one of the most pathetic 
sights I ever witnessed." 

A Mechanical Train-Robber. 

"The successful methods employed by the late 
Mr. Barnes, of Austin," said a New Orleans in- 
ventor yesterday evening, "have suggested to me 
that machinery might be applied with great advan- 
tage to the train robbing industry." 

** Machinery ! " said a friend, in surprise. 

"Certainly," replied the inventor; "improved 
labor-saving machinery. When you come to think 
about it, train-robbing is one of the very few trades 
in which hand work is still exclusively employed. 
There have been no improvements. Dick Turpin 
held up a stage-coach in exactly the same manner 
that Mr. Barnes held up a passenger-train, and that 
gentleman's recent exploit has satisfied me that 
there is absolutely no reason why a man should risk 
his own life in such an enterprise." 

" How would you do it, then ?" asked the friend. 

" By means of my patent Automatic Train Rob- 
ber, which I hope to have out in time for the spring 
trade," said the inventor, calmly. " In general.ap- 
pearance it will resemble a hobo slightly under the 
influence of liquor, but I will costume it according 
to the taste of the purchaser. The motor power 
will be supplied by a storage battery concealed in 
the chest, and the mechanism will be controlled by 
a device something like a time lock, by which it can 
be set for any hour desired. A large pistol will be 
fastened in the right hand, and all the joints will be 
supplied with modern ball-bearings of the most ap- 
proved type. I expect to sell the machine with a 
guarantee for five years. To operate it," continued 
the inventor, "it will only be necessary to set the 
dial at the proper point and then deposit the autom- 
aton on top of the tender of whatever train is 
selected. When a given time has elapsed, a simple 
clock-work arrangement will start the motor, and the 
machine will begin to move forward toward the 
engine. Upon reaching the cab, a phonographic 
cylinder in the head will exclaim in a loud voice, 
' Stop the train and lead me to the mail-car ! ' The 
engineer will of course obey, and at the mail-car the 
phonograph will direct the clerks to place the regis- 
tered pouches on the automaton's outstretched left 
arm. Then all that remains for the machine to do 
is to propel itself into the night in any predetermined 
direction. The owner will intercept it with a wagon 
at some convenient point, box it up, and drive off. 
You see, it is beautifully simple, and with such an 
apparatus a man may engage in train robbery with- 
out endangering his health or exposing himself to 
inclement weather. I don't think I will sell the 
Automatic Train Robber outright," added the in- 
ventor, " but will lease it on a royalty, taking, say, 
ten per cent, of the proceeds. Let me know if you 
want one. Good night ! " — tYeiv Orleans Times- 


Summer Feeding 

For infants necessitates the greatest caution and 
careful study of conditions. Care in diet, first and 
last. The use of Gail Borden Eagle Brand Con- 
densed Milk has largely simplified this problem. 
Beware of unknown brands. Get the Best. 

Diner — "What's the most expensive food you 
have; terrapin?" Waiter — "No; frogs' legs." 
Diner — "How's that?" Waiter — "Every pair 
costs a greenback." — Ex. 

Tale of a Tipper. 
He tipped the porter on the train. 

He lipped the waiter when he ate ; 
He tipped the able-bodied man 

Who tossed his satchel through the gate. 

He had to tip the chambermaid. 
The buttoned bell-boy, loo, he tipped 

For bringing water that was death 

To thoughtless fools who freely sipped. 

He had to lip for sleeping, and 
He had to tip for things to eat ; 

He had to tip to get a chance 
To occupy a decent seat. 

They made him tip to get the things 
He paid enough for at the start. 

And every lip was like a nip 
Of some sbarp-fanged ihing at his heart. 

And while he tipped they fawned on him 
And stood in smiling groups about. 

But when his change was gone, ai last 
They turned and coldly tipped him out. 
— Chicago Times-Herald. 

The Dying Cadet. 
A youth, a would-be soldier, lay wounded at West 

His chin was badly shattered, his nose was out of 

joint ; 
His breath came hard and jerky, at times bunched 

into sighs, 
And darksome was the color that hucg about his 

A kneeling comrade asked him what message he 

should take 
Unto his distant kinsfolk, and thus the victim 

spake : 
' Go break it to them gently that when he died their 

Was thinking of old Podunk, old Podunk on the 


' Tell them in tender manner 1 died a soldier's 

The fumes of hot tabasco entangled with my 

My nose clear off its bearings, my eyes as big as 

My hair shampooed with mustard, ray stomach 

stuffed with prunes. 
They fed me on hot olives served in cold axle 

And when I made wxy faces they hissed like horrid 

And during the proceedings they laughed to hear 

me sob, 
And wish myself in Podunk, in Podunk on the 


' They fed me plaster paris, 1 think almost a peck, 
Then made me drink hot water till full up to the 

And my digestive organs, though always prompt 

and pat. 
Were not prepared to handle a contract such as 

And then, they said, to teach me to bear the ills of 

They forced between my pale lips a Christmas- 
time cigar ; 
Then well I knew the sequel — I'd jump my earthly 

And find a grave at Podunk, at Podunk on the 


' I laughed at their approaches with scorn when 

they began 
To make of me an officer and army gentleman, 
I polished up the rifles, swept out the stumps and 

And blacked the army brogans of Uncle Sammy's 

But when I reached the hardships of war I had to 

My body was not armored with Carnegie's famed 

And, comrade, please express me, when my heart 

has ceased to throb, 
With military honors to Podunk on the Wab." 
— Denver Evening Post. 


for your range. 


— Messrs. N. W. Ayer & Son, of Philadel- 
phia, advertising agents, are the publishers of a very 
serviceable and ornamental calendar for 1901 that 
shows much taste and originality. It is mounted 
on a striking design in clay modeling executed in 
two delicate tones, with the famous Ayer motto, 
" Keeping Everlastingly at It Brings Success," stand- 
ing out in bold relief. The figures are large enough 
to be easily distinguished quite a distance, while the 
spaces are occupied by reproduction, in colors, of a 
number of striking modern posters, and by adver- 
tising philosophy as well. The cost of production 
and the demand for this calendar are so great lhat 
Messrs. Ayer & Son have found it necessary to 
charge a nominal price for it— 25 cents. Those 
wanting a copy should send at once before the 
edition is exhausted. 



Scotch Whisky 

Importers - MACON DRAY &. CO. 


Fastest Twin-Screw Passenger Service. 

Boston to Liverpool via Qaeenstown 

S. S. COMMONWEALTH, 13.000 Tons. Length 600 ft. 

Sailing February 13th and March 13th. 

S. S. NEW ENGLAND, w,6co Tons, Length 575 ft. 

Sailing January 30th and February 27th. 

Portland, Me., to Liverpool 

S. S. VANCOUVER, February 2d. 

andS. S. DOMINION, February 16th 

For rates of passage apply to 


General Agents for the Pacific Coast, 


H. Ricqlts beine a member of the 
Jury, this unrivalled preparation could A 
not be entered for competition at the 

Alcool de Menthe 



the only genuine Alcool de Menthe 

Sovereign Remedy for GRIPPE, COLDS, etc 
Take a few drops in a glass of hot water with a 
little aupar. or in a glass of hot milt or cup of lea. 

ItcIeanstaettethtiioroQEhly; parities the breath; 

freshens the mouth delightfully and may be used for 

the toilet in many ways with charming results. 

KefuseaU Imitations; demand EICQLES * 

Sold by all Dntg/jists 

E. FOrGERl A CO., Agent* for U.S. Sew York 


Fare perfect in action. Over 4Cl 
years" experience guides thel 
manufacture. Get thelmproved. " 
No tacks required. To avoid 
imitations, notice script name or 
Stew ast Hartshorn on label 


We sell and rent better machines for less money than 
any house on the Pacific Coast. Send for Catalogue. 
Supplies of standard quality always on hand. 

536 California Street. Telephone Main 266. 





Steamers leave Wharf corner First and Brannan Streets, 

at 1 P. M., for 


Calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, and 
connecting at Hong Koog with Steamers for India, etc 
No cargo received on board on dav of saflinz. 
Steamer. From San Francisco for Hong Kong. 1901 

Doric- .(Via. Honolulu) Saturday, Feb. 9 

Coptic. (Via Honolulu) Thursday, March 7 

Gaelic. .(Via Honolulu) Saturday, March 30 

Doric. (Via Honolulu) Thursday, April 25 

Round-Trip Tickets at reduced rates. 

For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
No. 421 Market Street, corner First Street. 
D, P. STUBBS, General Manager. 


Toyo Risen Kaisha 




Steamers will leave Wharf, corner First and Brannan 
Streets, 1 p.m. for YOKOHAMA and HONG KONG, 
calling at Kobe (Hiogo), Nagasaki, and Shanghai, a nd 
connecting at Hong Kong with steamers for India, etc. 
No cargo received on board on day of sailing. 1901. 

Hongkong Mara Thursday, January 24 

Nippon Maru Tuesday, February 19 

America Maru Friday, March 15 

Via Honolulu. Round-trip tickets at reduced rates. 

For freight and passage apply at company's office, 
421 Market Street, cor. First. 
W. H. AVERY, General Agent. 


Sierra, 6000 Tons 
Sonoma, 6000Tons 
1 Ventura, 6 Tons 

S. S. Sonoma for Honolulu, Pago Pago, Auckland, 

and Sydney, Wednesday, Jan. 23, 1001, at o p. m. 
S. S. Mariposa, for Honolulu, Feb. 3, 1901, at 2 p. m. 
S. S. Australia, for Papeete, Tahiti, Friday, 

Feb. 8, 1901, at 4 p.m. 
J. D. Spreckele & Bros. Co., Agts., 643 Market 
Street. Freieht Office, 327 Market St., San Francisco. 

Pacific Coast Steamship Co. 

^^ Steamers leave Broadway Wharf, S. F. : 

^^^^^ For Alaskan ports, 11 .*.. m., Jan. 1, 6, 

E^bfe^ «i 16, «i 26> 31, Feb. 5, change to com* 

^9fwVgW pany's steamers at Seattle. 

I|L\^ For B. C. and Puget Sound Ports, n 

^ASMJKI A. M., Jan. 1, 6. ir. i£. 21, 26, 31. Feb. 

■^■WrflAi 5- —""- every fifth day thereafter. 

>*'^^ %|^sMJ For Eureka (Humboldt Bay), 2 P. U., 

^^^^ Jan. 3, 8, 13, 18, 23, 28, Feb. 2, and 

every fifth day thereafter. 

For San Diego, stopping only at Santa Barbara, Port 
Los Angeles, and Redondo (Los Angeles) : Queen — Wed- 
nesdays, 3 a. m. Santa Rosa — Sundays, 9 a. u. 

For Santa Cruz, Monterey. San Simeon, Cayucos, Port 
Hartford (San Luis Obispo), Gaviota, Santa Barbara, 
Ventura, Hueneme, San Pedro, East San Pedro, and 
Newport (Los Angeles). Corona — Fridays, 9 a. h. 
Bonita — Tuesdays, 9 a. m. 

For Mexican ports, 10 a. m. Seventh of each month. 
For further information obtain company's folder. 

The company reserves the right to change steamers, 

sailing dates, and hours of sailing, without previous notice. 

Tlcket-OfBce 4 New Montgomery St. (Palace Hotel) 

GOODALL, PERKINS & CO., General Agents, 

10 Market Street, San Francisco. 

International Navigation Go.'s Lines 


New York and Southampton (London, Paris), 
from New York every Wednesday, 10 a. m. 

Southwark January 23 | New York February 6 

Vaderland January 30 [ Kensington. . . .February 13 


New York and Antwerp. From New York every 
Wednesday, ta noon. 

Southwark January 23 | Kensington February 13 

Westemland February 6 I Noordland- . .February 20 


To Alaska and Cold Fields. 

International Navigation Company, CHAS. D. 
TAYLOR, General Ag«it Pacific Coast, 30 Montgomery 


JANUARY 2l, I90t. 


The Crimmins-Cole Wedding. 

The wedding of Miss Margaret Cole, second 
daughter of the late Edward P. Cole, and Lieuten- 
ant Martin Lalor Crimmins, Sixth Infantry, U. S. 
A. , took place at the residence of the bride's mother, 
Mrs. Florence Cole, at 2615 Buchanan Street, on 
Wednesday, January 16th. The ceremony was per- 
formed at noon by Father Prendergast. The maid 
of honor was Miss Florence Cole, sister of the bride ; 
Mr. John Crimmins, of New York, a brother of the 
groom, was the best man ; and Mr. Walter Martin, 
Mr. Robert Cole, Mr. Bruce Cornwall, and Mr. 
Frank Grace, of New York, acted as ushers. 

The ceremony was followed by a wedding break- 
fast, and later in the day Lieutenant Crimmins and 
his bride departed for Del Monte, where they will 
remain for a fortnight. They expect to sail for 
Manila, where Lieutenant Crimmins will join his 
company about the middle of February. 

The Taylor-Scott Dinners. 

A number of dinners have recently been given 
complimentary to Miss Edna Hopkins and Mr. W. 
H. Taylor, Jr., who are to be married the middle of 
next month. Captain and Mrs. W. H. Taylor gave 
a dinner in their honor on Wednesday evening, Jan- 
uary 16th, at their home, 2701 California Street. 
The thirty-six guests were seated at three large 
tables, each of which was decorated in a different 
color. An orchestra discoursed music, and later the 
guests were entertained with a vaudeville perform 

Among those present were : 

Mr. and Mrs. George A. Pope, Mr. and Mrs. 
Augustus- Taylor, -Miss- Georgie Hopkins, Miss 
Frances Hopkins, Miss Carolan, Miss Genevieve 
Carolan, Miss Edith McBean, Miss Taylor, Miss 
Mary Scott, Miss Cadwalader, Miss Lillie Spreckels, 
Miss Ella Morgan, Miss Cora Smedberg, Miss 
Schussler, Mr. E. W. Hopkins, Mr. Harry Simp- 
kins, Dr. Harry Tevis, Mr. E. M. Greenway, Mr. 
Thomas Breeze,. Mr." W. R. Heath, Mr. Harry 
Poett, Mr. Samuel H. Boardman, Mr. Lawrence E. 
Scott, Mr. Frank L. Owen, Mr. Walter S. Martin, 
Mr. A. H. Wilcox, Mr. Harry N. Stetson, Mr. 
Fred W. McNear, and Mr. Phil Tompkins. 

Mr. and Mrs. Henry T. Scott also gave a dinner- 
party at their residence, corner Laguna and Clay 
Streets, on Friday evening, January nth, in honor of 
Miss Edna Hopkins and Mr. W. H. Taylor, Jr. The 
rooms were beautifully decorated, and the guests, 
some twenty-six in number, were seated at two 
round tables, which were artistically ornamented 
with orchids, and during the evening a string orches- 
tra discoursed music. 

Those invited to meet Miss Hopkins and Mr. 
Taylor were : 

Mr. and Mrs. Augustus Taylor, Miss McBean, Miss 
Carolan, Miss Genevieve Carolan, Miss Frances 
Hopkins, Miss Georgia Hopkins, Miss Caro Crockett, 
Miss Kittle, Miss Linda Cadwalader, Miss Carrie 
Taylor, Miss Mary Scott, Mr. Walter Martin, Mr. 
Lawrence E. Scott, Mr. E. M. Greenway, Mr. 
Gerald Rathbone, Mr. Fred W. McNear, Mr. 
Samuel H. Boardman, Mr, Harry N. Stetson, Mr. 
Frank L. Owen, Mr. A. H. Wilcox, and Mr. Harry 

The Pierce "At Home." 
Mr. and Mrs. Ira Pierce have sent out cards for 
an "at home" at their residence, 1730 Jackson 
Street, for this (Saturday) afternoon from four until 
seven o'clock, at which their daughter, Miss Pierce, 
who has just returned from the East, where she has 
been attending school at Vassar, . will make her 

Among those who will assist Mrs. Pierce in re- 
ceiving are Mrs. Cyrus Walker, Mrs. A. J. Pope, 
Mrs. H. L. Dodge, Mrs. Monroe Salisbury, Mrs. 
A. P. Talbot, Mrs. D. T. Murphy, Mrs. F. A. 
Frank, Mrs. Augustus Taylor, Mrs. Keyes, Mrs. A. 
N. Talbot, Mrs. G. A. Pope, Mrs. Charles Josselyn, 
Mrs. Henry F. Dutton, Mrs. J. D. Fry, Mrs. G. 
Martin, Miss Mary Scott, Miss Lucy King, Miss 
Salisbury, the Misses Morgan, the Misses Carolan, 
the Misses Spreckels, Miss Taylor, Miss Olive Hol- 
brook, Miss Anna Voorhies, Miss Brigham, Miss 


Baking Powder 

Makes the bread 
more healthful. 

Safeguards the food 
against alum. 

Alum baking powders are the greatest 
■r^r ocers to health of the present day. 

king POwP'tt re 

Blakeman, Miss Elena Robinson, and Miss Breck- 


♦ * 

The Martin Dinner. 

Mrs. Eleanor Martin gave a dinner-party at her 
residence, corner Broadway and Buchanan Streets, 
on Monday evening, January 14th, in honor of Miss 
Margaret Cole and Lieutenant Martin Lalor Crim- 
mins, U. S. A. The table decorations were very 
elaborate and an orchestra rendered choice selec- 
tions during the service of dinner, and later dance 
music. Several charming speeches were made, and 
the party did not break up until one o'clock. 

Among others present were : 

Mr. and Mrs. Samuel G. Murphy, Mrs. Charles 
Sawtelle, Miss Florence Cole, Miss Bertha Dolbeer, 
Miss Bessie Center, Miss Tinie O'Connor, Miss 
Ella O'Connor, Miss Mamie Josselyn, Miss Helen 
Wagner, Mayor James D. Phelan, Mr. T. E. Crim- 
mins and Mr. John D. Crimmins, Jr., of New 
York, Mr. E. M. Greenway, Mr. R. McKee 
Duperu. Lieutenant Barnes, Mr. Frank J. M. 
Grace. Mr. Edward Tobin, Mr. Walter Martin, 
and Mr. Peter D. Martin. 

Second Meeting of "La Jeunesse." 
The second meeting of " La Jeunesse " Cotillion 
was held on Friday night, January nth, at Native 
Sons' Hall, on Mason Street, and was largely at- 
tended. The guests and members were received by 
the lady patronesses — Mrs. W. H. Mills, Mrs. J. W. 
McCIung, Mrs. A. W. Foster, Mrs. W. A. McKit- 
trick, and Mrs. A. H. Voorhies. Several unique army 
and navy figures were arranged by Lieutenant J. P. 
Hains, who came up from San Diego for the occa- 
sion, and among those in the first set of the cotillion 
were Miss Anna Voorhies, the Misses Frances and 
Georgia Hopkins, Miss Florence Whittell, Miss 
Anita Meyers, Miss Alma McCIung, Miss Alice 
Masten, Miss Katharine Glass, Miss Bertha Good- 
rich, Miss Elise Gregory, Miss Mary Foster, Miss 
Marie Wilson, Miss Frances Allen, Miss Eleanor 
Morrow, Miss Jessie Wright, Miss Florence Brower, 
Miss Ardella Mills, Miss Charlotte Ellinwood, Miss 
Bessie Mills, Miss Lieb, Miss Florence Park, and 
Miss Redmond. 

The next meeting of "La Jeunesse" will take 
place at Native Sons' Hall on Friday, February 8th. 

Notes and Gossip. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Bertha 
Isabel Foote, daughter of Mr. W. W. Foote, the 
well-known attorney, and Mr. Stanley Jackson, son 
of the late Colonel John P. Jackson. The wedding, 
which will take place at an early date, will be a quiet 
one, as Miss Foote is in mourning. 

The wedding of Miss Julia Peyton to Mr. John 
Johns took place on Tuesday, January 15th, at 
the home of the bride's parents, 2129 California 
Street. The ceremony was performed at three o'clock 
by Archbishop Riordan. Later in the day Mr. 
and Mrs. Johns departed for Burlingame, and are 
occupying the residence of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. 
Crocker. Miss Peyton is the eldest daughter of 
Mr. and Mrs. Bernard Peyton Mr. Johns is the 
grandson of the late Bishop Johns, Episcopal 
Bishop of Virginia, 

The marriage of Miss Charlotte Gashwiler, daugh- 
ter of Mrs. John W. Gashwiler and sister of Mrs. 
Samuel M. Shortridge, to Mr. Jos£ Miguel Robledo, 
of Guatemala, took place in the parlors of the Hotel 
Colonial on Tuesday, January 15th. Father Pren- 
dergast officiated and there were no attendants. 
After a wedding breakfast, which followed the cere- 
mony, Mr. and Mrs. Robledo left for Del Monte, 
where they will spend their honeymoon. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Anna 
Wainwright, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William 
Wainwright, and Mr. Victor Edward Mathews, son 
of Mr. Henry E. Mathews. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Bertha 
Gary, daughter of Mr. Elbert H. Gary, of New 
York, and Mr. Robert W. Campbell, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. J. C. Campbell. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Lilien- 
thal, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. R. Lilienthal, 
and Mr. Milton H. Esberg. No date has yet been 
set for the wedding, which will take place in the 
early spring. 

The marriage of Miss Eleanor Wood and Dr. 
Cullen F. Welty, of Cleveland, O., will take place 
at St. Luke's Church on February 7th. A recep- 
tion will be held afterward at the residence of the 
bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. William S. Wood, 
1920 Clay Street. 

The marriage of Miss Emma Fortman, daughter 
of Mr. H. F. Fortman, and Mr. William Emer- 
son Stevens will take place on February 26th. 

Mrs. F. M. Smith will give a reception this (Sat- 
urday) afternoon, from four until seven o'clock, at 
"Arbor Villa," Oakland, at which her niece, Miss 
May Burdge, will make her dibut. In the evening 
Mrs. Smith will give a dinner-party in honor of Mr. 
and Mrs. Bernard Ransome (nie Hutchinson}, who 
have recently returned from their wedding trip. 

Among those who were present at the reception 
given by Mrs. George Crocker in honor of the 
Misses Rutherford in New York on Tuesday, Janu- 
ary 8th, were Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Alexander, 
Mrs. Hermann Oelrichs, Mr. John W. Mackay, 
Mr. and Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, Mr. and Mrs. 
Francis Burton Harrison, Mr. Joseph D. Redding, 
Miss Jennie Blair, Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Mackay, 

Colonel Tom Ochiltree, Mr. Fred Tichenor, and 
the Duke of Newcastle. 

Mrs. Ira Pierce and Miss Pierce will receive on 
the first and second Fridays in February. 

Mrs. James B. Haggin (nie Voorhees} gave the 
first of her winter receptions on Tuesday, January 
8th, at her Fifth Avenue residence, in New York, She 
had the assistance of Mrs. Edith Haggin- Lounsberry, 
Miss Susie Blanding, of this city, and Miss Edith 

The engagement is announced of Miss Grace 
Adelaide Luce, daughter of Judge M. A. Luce, of 
San Diego, and Mr. Wallace A. Irwin, a brother of 
Mr. William H. Irwin, who was recently married to 
Miss Harriet Hyde. The wedding will take place 
in the spring. 

Mr. and Mrs. Francis Burton Harrison (nie 
Crocker) gave the first of a series of dinners at their 
residence, on Fifty-Sixth Street, New York, on Fri- 
day evening, January nth, at which they entertained 
some twenty friends. 

Mrs. Walter L. Dean and the Misses Hager will 
be at home the first and second Wednesdays in 

The marriage of Miss Olive Middleton, daughter 
of Mr. Jonathan Middleton, and Mr. William Watt, 
son of Mr. Robert Watt, which took place in the 
rectory of St. Ann's Church at Napa on June 24, 
1899, has just been announced. 

Mr. and Mrs. William Sumner Crosby, of Gard- 
ner Road, Brookline, Mass., recently gave a recep- 
tion in honor of Miss Idolene Snow Hooper, of 
Alameda, and her fianci, Mr. Sumner Crosby, who 
was the guest of the Hoopers in Alameda last sum- 

Mrs. Isaac L. Requa and Miss Lucy King re- 
ceived last Wednesday at "The Highlands," Oak- 
land, and were assisted in receiving by Mrs. Marion 
P. Maus and Mrs. Minor Goodall. The remaining 
Wednesdays of January are also to be " at home " 
days at " The Highlands." 

The engagement is announced of Miss Eugenie 
de Santa Marina, niece of the late E. J. de Santa 
Marina, to Mr. Henry C. Rodgers, son of Mr. 
Augustus Rodgers. 

The engagement is announced of Miss Mary L. 
Taylor, daughter of Captain and Mrs. Thomas G. 
Taylor, to Mr. Frederick W. Beardslee, of Hono- 

A very pleasant afternoon was spent on the United 
States steamer Albatross on Wednesday last at the 
invitation of Lieutenant Miller, who entertained 
Mrs, James A. Robinson, Miss Grace Spreckels, 
Miss Tinie O'Connor, Miss Ella O'Connor, Miss 
Florence Josselyn, Miss Charlotte Ellinwood, Mr. 
Enrique Grau, Mr. E. M. Greenway, Mr. Edgar 
Peixotto, and Mr. Reddick Duperu. 

Opening of the Photographic Salon. 

A promenade concert given at the Hopkins Insti- 
tute of Art on Thursday evening, January 17th, 
marked the opening of the first photographic salon 
held in San Francisco under the auspices of the San 
Francisco Art Association and the California Club. 
The orchestra, under the direction of Henry Hey- 
man, rendered the following programme : 

March, V. Huber ; overture, " Semiramide," 
Rossini ; waltz, " Dolores," Waldteufel; " Berceuse," 
Massenet; selections, "Fortune Teller," Herbert; 
' ' Tropical Dance," Herrman ; Walther's prize song, 
" Meistersinger," Wagner; waltz, "New Vienna," 
Strauss-; " Magnolia Serenade," Missud ; selections, 
" Faust," Gounod ; " Dance of the Sultans," Hall ; 
march, " The Blue and the Gray," Dresser. 

Altogether about fifteen hundred pictures were en- 
tered in competition for the various prizes, and of 
these over seven hundred were chosen to adorn the 
walls. Among the most notable contributors are 
C. Ackerman, W. J. Cassard, and C. Yarnall 
Abbott, of New York, Garrett P. Ryley and D. F. 
Dedefsen, of Chicago, H. A. Latimer, of Boston, 
James F. Archibald, the war-correspondent, Mr. 
Wilcox, of Berkeley, Miss Laura Adams, Mrs. 
Crowell, Miss Martha Galway, Arnold Genthe, W. 
J. Strett, Oscar Maurer, and Edward R. Jackson. 

The exhibition will remain open for a fortnight, 
including Sundays, and on Thursday evening, 
January 24th and Thursday evening, January 31st, 
vocal and instrumental concerts will be given under 
the direction of Henry Heyman. 

Nathan-Dohrmann Co., announce that Mrs. B. 
W. Paulsen will start East early in February for 
her annual purchasing trip. Special orders for 
china or glassware from the Eastern or European 
factories will receive personal attention. 

"A Genuine Old Brandy made from Wine. 

— Medical Press {London), Aug. 1899 



WILLIAM WOLFF & CO., san francisco 
Pacific Coast Acents 


What is wanted of soap 
for the skin is to wash it 
clean and not hurt it. 
Pure soap does that. This 
is why we want pure soap; 
and when we say pure, 
we mean without alkali. 

Pears' is pure; no free 
alkali. There are a thou 
sand virtues of soap; this 
one is enough. You can 
trust a soap that has no 
biting alkali in it. 

All sorts of stores sell it, especially 
druggists; all sorts of people use it. 


The Great Leader of Champagnes. Importations 
in 1900, 119,441 cases, being 79.293 cases more than 
any other brand, is a record never before approached. 

P. J. VALCKENBEKG, Worms O/R, Rhine 
and Moselle Wines. 

J. CALVET & CO., Bordeaux, Clarets and 

FRED'K DE BARY &, CO., New York, 

Sole Agents in the United States and Canada. 
E. M. GREENWAY, Pacific Coast Representative. 

Low Interest 

On Diamonds 




Apples, Pears, Peaches, Plums, 
Prunes, Cherries, Apricots, Etc. 

Stock is Extra Fine This Year. Send for Prices. 

J. T. BOCUE, Marysville, Cal. 

Nearest the City. 

Non -Sectarian. 

,T l- CEMETERY ^' 


Lawn Flan. 

Telepbone, Bush 367. 

Hotel Rafael 

Fifty minutes from San Francisco. Sixteen 
trains daily each way. Open all the year. 


B. V HALTON, Proprietor. 


N. E. Gor. Van Ness and Myrtle Avenues. 

The Principal and Finest 

Family Hotel of San Francisco 






San Francisco, Cal. 


Van Ness Avenue, San Francisco. 





H. W. Cor. Sutter and Hyde Sts., S. F., Gal. 

MBS. J. C. LETT, Proprietor. 

January 21, 1901. 




Movements and Whereabouts. 

Annexed will be found a risumi of movements to 
and from this city and coast, and of the whereabouts 
of absent Californians : 

Mrs. George W. Gibbs will leave for the East 
about the end of January, and expects to spend 
some months in Europe before her return to this 

Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Tevis have gone on a short 
visit to Southern California. They are now at San 

Miss Charlotte L. Field is spending a fortnight 
with Mrs. Frederic Kimble at her home near 

Mr. and Mrs. Homer S. King have gone to Port- 

Mr. E. C. Macfarlane, who arrived from Hono- 
lulu early in the week on the Oceanic steamship 
Mariposa, is at the California Hotel. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Magee, Jr., returned from 
the East last week. 

Mr. and Mrs. M- S. Wilson are sojourning in San 

Mr. and Mrs. Russell J. Wilson have returned 
from New York. 

Mrs. W. F. McNutt and Miss McNutt are ex- ] 
pected to return on the steamer China, which is 
due on Friday. January 25th. 

Mr. A. B. Costigan, Mr. H. M. Holbrook, and : 
Mr. Samuel Knight were in Washington, D. C, on j 

Mr. and Mrs. J. Downey Harvey returned from j 
the East on Wednesday evening. 

Mrs. Josephine de Greayer, who recently returned 1 
from abroad, was in Washington, D. C, during the 

Mr. and Mrs. Peter C. Allen are visiting at the 
home of Mrs. Allen's mother, Mrs. Sharon, at j 
Piedmont. It is understood that they are soon to | 
■occupy the Durant Street residence, in Oakland, 
formerly occupied by the Sharons, where Mr. Allen 
will establish a studio. 

The Duke and Duchess of Manchester, who were 
in New Orleans this week, are now en route to Cali- i 

Mr. W. S. Hobart, Mr. C. A. Baldwin, and Mr. 
Francis Carolan were registered at the Palace Hotel 
from San Mateo on Wednesday. 

Mrs. Hubert H. Bancroft and Miss Bancroft were 
in New York early in the week. 

Mr. Frank King has returned from New York. 

Mr. Callaghan Byrne, who returned to New York 
from Europei a "fortnight ago, is visiting friends in 

Mr. Willard T. Barton, an old-time member of 
the Bohemian Club, but recently of New York, is 
in San Francisco. 

Judge Erskine M. Ross came up from Los An- 
geles early in the week, and was at the Palace Hotel. 

Mr. and Mrs. E. E. Potter have moved to 1914 
Clay Street. At home first Tuesday. 

Mr. George E. Morse has returned from Wash- 
ington, D. C, where he was a guest of President 

Professor and Mrs. Benjamin Ide Wheeler re- 
turned to Berkeley on Tuesday after a month's ab- 
sence in the East. 

Mr. J. M. Studebaker, Jr., of South Bend, Ind., 
is at the Palace Hotel. 

Mr. W. H. Avery, general agent of the Toyo 
Kisen Kaisha, has returned from a trip to the East 
and is registered at the Occidental Hotel. 

Among the week's guests at the California Hotel 
were Dr. L. P. H. Bahrenburg, of Washington, 
D. C, Mr. and Mrs. F. R. A. Pingree. of Boston, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. Gait and Miss Gait, of Newburg, 
N.Y., Mr. and Mrs. J. H. HiU. of Los Angeles, 
Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Richardson, of Elgin, 111., 
Professor T. S. C. Lowe, of Pasadena, Mr. R. E. 
Hyde, of Visalia, Mr. W. A. Mackinder, of St. 
Helena, Mr. R. V. Wilson, of Berkeley, Mr. L. 
Edwards, of Denver, Mr. W. W. Erskine, of St. 
Louis, Mo., Mr. D. E. Lindsay and Mr. E. M. 
Nesbitt, of Wellington. New Zealand, Dr. G. E. 
Howe, of Seattle, Mr. E. C. Merritt, of Santa 
Rosa, and Mr. V. S. McClatchy, of Sacramento. 

Army and Navy News. 

The latest personal notes relative to army and 
navy people who are known in San Francisco are 
appended : 

Lieutenant John W. Barnes, Twenty-Fourth In- 
fantry, U. S. A., who recently returned from the 
Philippines on sick leave, has reported to Captain 
Will T. May, Fifteenth Infantry, U. S. A., for duty 
with the Second Provisional Battalion, 

Mrs. Sebree Smith, wife of Captain Smith, Third 
Artillery, U. S. A., is spending the month at 3150 U 
Street, Washington, D. C. 

Passed Assistant-Surgeon B. R. Ward, U. S. N., 
has been detached from the naval hospital at Mare 
Island and ordered to the Boston Navy Yard. 

Lieutenant - Colonel Henry W. Wessels, Jr., 
Third Cavalry, U. S. A., has been ordered to pro- 
ceed from this city to Fort Porter, N. Y., for light 
duty. Lieutenant-Colonel Philip H. Ellis, Eighth 
Infantry, U. S. A., now at Elkton, Md., has been 
ordered to proceed to San Francisco. 

Lieutenant - Commander F. H. Holmes, U. S. 
N., has been detached from the Independence and 
ordered to the Asiatic station. He will sail from 
San Francisco on the transport Lawton on Febru- 
ary 1 St. 

Lieutenant Ira L. Reeves, Fourth Infantry, U. S. 
A., has been relieved from duty at Alcatraz Island 
and appointed quartermaster and commissary for 
the camps established at the Presidio of San Fran- 
cisco for the provisional battalions of recruits. 

Lieutenant C. M. Kempff, of the United Slates 
revenue cutter Albatross, son of Admiral Kempff, 
U. S. N., has been visiting his mother in Oakland. 

Civil-Engineer L. M. Cox, U. S. N., has been 
detached from the New York Navy Yard and 

ordered to the naval station at Guam, sailing from 
San Francisco on the army transport Lawton on 
February 1st. 

Major J. D. Hall, U. S. A., has changed his 
address from 36 New Montgomery Street to 653 
Mission Street. 

Lieutenant J. P. V. Gridley has been detached 
from the marine barracks, navy yard, Boston, and 
ordered to the marine barracks at Mare Island. 

Lieutenant Paul A. Barry, Fourth Infantry, U. S. 
A., arrived from the Orient on Sunday last on the 
transport California. 

Golf Notes. 

The following schedule has been arranged by the 
Presidio Club for the lady members : 

January 28th — Approaching contest. 

February 4th — Foursome handicap over 18 holes, 
medal play. 

February nth— Driving contest. 

February 18th — Qualifying round for Council's 

February 19th — First match in the Council's Cup 

February 20th — Second match. 

February 25th — Handicap tournament over 18 
holes, medal play. Class A versus Class B, for a 
dinner at the club-house. 

March 4th— Invitation tournament, open to mem- 
bers of all coast clubs. Over 18 holes, medal play. 

March nth — Team match between club members 
for points. Over 18 holes, match play. 

March i8lh — Qualifying round for Council's Cup. 

March 19th — First match m the Council's Cup 

March 20th — Second match. 

The first half of the first match between the teams 
representing the San Francisco and Oakland Golf 
Clubs will be played on the Point Adams links to- 
day (Saturday). The team will consist of six men 
each, the best player on one team being matched 
against the best on the other, the second against 
the second, and so on. The match will be over 18 
holes. The second half of the match will be played 
on Saturday, the twenty-sixth, on the Presidio links. 

The council of the San Francisco Golf Club has 
chosen the following officers : J . W. Byrne, presi- 
dent ; Andrew Carrigan, secretary and treasurer ; 
Lansing O. Kellogg, captain. The president will 
appoint the green committee, tournament, house, 
and other committees. Inasmuch as the old board 
prepared the schedule of events up to the end of 
1900, the new council will soon get out a list of club 

The qualifying round, over 18 holes, medal play, 
of the Council's Cup tournament for ladies was 
played on the Presidio links on Monday morning, 
January 14th. According to the conditions of play 
the eight best scores qualified, but as only seven 
were on hand to compete and Miss Sarah Drum de- 
cided to withdraw, six names completed the list. 
Following were the scores made : Mrs. R. Gilman 
Brown, 115 ; Miss Alice Hager, 136 ; Miss Caro 
Crockett, 138 ; Miss Maud O'Connor, 141 ; Miss 
D. Roe, 142 ; Miss Ella Morgan, 151 ; Miss Sarah 
Drum, no returns. 

On Tuesday the first round was played over 18 
holes, when Mrs. R. Gilman Brown defeated Miss 
Maud O'Connor 9 up, 6 to play ; Miss Ella Morgan 
defeated Miss Rowe 3 up, 1 to play ; and Miss Alice 
Hager defeated Miss Caro Crockett 6 up, 5 to play. 
In the semi-final round, on Wednesday, there being 
only three competitors, Mrs. R. Gilman Brown 
drew a bye, leaving Miss Alice Hager_and Miss 
Ella Morgan to compete. After a close game. Miss 
Hager won by a score of 2 up and 1 to play. In the 
final round between Mrs. R. Gilman Brown and 
Miss Hager, Mrs. Brown won, 7 up and 5 to play. 

Mount Zion Charity Ball. 

Great preparations are being made for the charity 
ball which is to be given in the Maple and Marble 
Rooms of the Palace Hotel on February 2d, under 
the auspices of the patronesses of the Mount Zion 
Hospital, for the purpose of raising funds to build 
an additional wing to that institution. At present 
only charity patients of all creeds are cared for, but 
by adding a ward for patients who are willing to 
pay for the services rendered them, it is hoped to 
make the institution self-supporting. 

Tickets may be obtained from the following 
named patronesses : 

Mrs. J. B. Levison, Mrs. S. Reiss, Mrs. Lippman, 
Mrs. J. Napthaly, Mrs. J. Hyman, Mrs. T. Feucht- 
wanger, Mrs. L. Tregel, Mrs. L. Kauffman. Mrs. 
M. S. Levy, Mrs. Fred Castle, Mrs. I. W. Hellman, 
Mrs. J. Rosenstirn, Mrs. William Greenebaum, 
Mrs. William Frank, Mrs. William Haas, Mrs. I. 
W. Hellman, Jr., Mrs. J. Neustadter, Mrs. William 
Gerstle, Mrs. Morris Brown, Mrs. A. Brown, Mrs. 
H. Heyneman, Mrs. Theodore Lilienthal, and Mrs. 
P. N. Aronson. 

Fine Furniture and Carpet Sale. 

This is a very good time for housekeepers to buy 
fine furniture, carpets, rugs, lace curtains, and 
draperies at low prices. The Pattosien Company 
are offering their entire stock at very low prices dur- 
ing the Great Challenge Sale. This house has be- 
come, in a few years, one of the foremost houses on 
the coast. The reason for it is, that fine stock is 
selUng at low prices. When real Wilton velvet 
carpets sell at $1.05 and Axminster, best quality, at 
$1.10, it means something. All other goods at 
same low prices. Corner i6th and Mission Streets. 

Floral Decorations at th* Newport Wedding. 

Not less than five thousand pink and white roses, 
scores of orchids, hundreds of lilies of the valley, 
and thirty-five cases of smilax were used in the 
decorations of Harbourview Villa and the Zabriskie 
Memorial Church, at Newport, for the wedding of 
Miss Elsie French and Mr. Alfred G. Vanderbilt, 
January 14th. The march to the altar of the church 
was through an aisle of stanchions, each supporting 
a large bell-shaped basket of the new begonia, La 
Glorie de Touraine. These stanchions were six feet 
high, and continued up the entire main aisle and 
along the sides of the altar. A large cross of white 
lilies ornamented the altar, which was decorated 
with white orchids, white roses, and lilies of the 
valley, with a touch of pink here and there. Some 
of the tallest palms in this country were used in the 
church decoration, some of them thirty feet high, 
and grouped to form an arch under which the bridal 
party marched to the altar. 

The scheme of the house decorations represented 
an old English rose-garden, which came into view 
after passing through the entrance to the villa, 
which was elaborately arrranged with holly and 
mistletoe. The room in which Mrs. French received 
was decorated with yellow orchids and an abun- 
dance of other yellow flowers, the room opposite 
being decorated in red. The appearance of the hall 
was much like an old English garden, set off by a 
rustic summer-house of greens and pink roses, 
which in reality was the bower under which the 
bride and bridegroom received. Pink orchids, pink 
roses and begonias, mixed with white flowers, were 
used about the bower. 

The new and beautiful Golden Gate rose, orange 
blossoms, brought from the South, lilies of the 
valley, and white orchids, were used in masses on 
the bride's table for the wedding breakfast, and the 
decorations on the other tables were of red, to har- 
monize with the permanent adornment of the dining- 
room. The fire-places about the villa and the 
mantels were banked with foliage, plants, and tree- 
ferns. Scores of hanging- baskets of orchids and 
vines were used through the rooms of the house. 

The Olympic Club will close its series of enter- 
tainments in March with a ladies' night, at which an 
old-fashioned circus will be presented. The big 
gymnasium will be turned into a circus-tent with saw- 
dust rings, and there will be all kinds of side-shows. 
The club has a number of comedians, and these will 
be called upon to get up the burlesque. The 
acrobats, "boxers, and wrestlers will make up the 
cast of the circus proper. 

The panoramic view of the bay and ocean from 
the summit of Mt. Tamalpais is incomparable. 
Every island stands out as clearly as on a map : 
Goat Island, with its whale-like profile ; Alcatraz, 
with its prisons ; Berkeley, with its universities ; 
Alameda and the Encinal, Oakland and its wharves. 
Point Richmond and its railroad. For time-table of 
Scenic Railway see ad. elsewhere. 

As a result of a viva voce and unanimous demand 
at the Bohemian Club's Christmas dinner, Mr. 
Donald de V. Graham was subsequently elected a 
life member of the club. 

Mr. J. S. Dodge has departed for the East on a 
business trip, and on his return, the latter part of 
February, will open a new book and stationery store 
at 209 Post Street. 

The " Old English " style of engraving 
is used not only for visiting cards, but Messrs. Cooper 
& Co., the Art Stationers, are now also engraving 
wedding and reception invitations in this same 
pleasing style. 


A companion tutor for a boy of fourteen. A 
cheerful, patient man, not nervous, and with high 
moral principles ; to live chiefly out-of-doors, with 
two or three hours of study daily. English, Latin, 
Mathematics. Reply with credentials and stating 
experience. P. O. box 127, Santa Barbara, Cal. 

Wanted — Position as companion or secretary to 
alady. References. Miss P., box T2, Argonaut. 

Clarence Urmy, 

Piano, boys' and men's voices. Address Argonaut. 

A Thoroughly Reliable Establishment 

To buy precious stones, pearls, fine jewelry, and 
silverware. A. Hirschman, 10 Post Street (Masonic 

Palace Hotel 

Every feature connected with the manage" 
ment of this hotel was introduced for the pur- 
pose of adding to the comfort, convenience, and 
entertainment of guests. 

The policy of providing luxuries such as 
have made the Palace famous will continue in 
force, and innovations calculated to still further 
increase its popularity will be introduced. 

Desirable location, courteous attaches, un- 
surpassed cuisine, and spacious apartments are 
the attributes that have made the Palace the 
ideal place for tourists and travelers who visit 
San Francisco. 

American plan. European plan. 

A Tonic and Nerve Food 

Acid Phosphate. 

. ^"hen exhausted, depressed 
or weary fr "n worry, insomnia 
or overwor 
take half - 
ford's Ac' 
glass of 

It nc 

Sold by 



Art Gc 



The Argonaut 

From 1877 to 1901. 


The Forty-Seventh Volume Is now ready. 
Complete sets of Bound Volumes, from Vol- 
ume I. to Volume XXVII. Inclusive, can be 
obtained at the office of this paper. With 
the exception of several of the earlier vol- 
umes, which are rare, the price is 85.00 per 
volume. Call at or address the Business 
Office of The Argonaut Publishing Co., 246 
Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Telephone James 3531. 



January 11, igot. 


For the Season of 



8., 5 A I»ew^ ^ o]]ldet Creeki Santa Cmz> 

ail Way Stations «■»' 

f, « p Newark, Centerville, San Jos*, New 

P Almaden, Felton, Boulder Creelt, 

Santa Cruz, and Principal Way 

Stations • ■ tio-so A 

. „ p Newark, San Jose, Los Gatos. .... .. 8.50* 

at, lo P Hunters' Excursion, San Jose and 

"* 5 ' 3 WayStations '■ %7"> ' 


From SAN FRANCISCO-Foot of Market St. (Slip 8>- 

.,1, 9.00 ii.ooa.m., 1 .00 300 5.00P.M. 

From OAKLAND— Foot of Broadway— t6.oo J8oo 

*8.os 1 0.00 a.m. la.oo 2.00 40° 5'5P.M. 

COAST DIVISION (Broad uauge). 

(T hird and Townsend Streets.) 

»6 10 A Ocean View, South San Francisco . . . t°-30 P 
J, 00 A San Jose and Way Stations (New 

Almaden Wednesdays only) 1 .3° > 

0.00A San Jose, Tres Pinos, Santa Cruj, 
Pacific Grove, Paso Robles, ban 
Luis Obispo, Surf, Lompoc, and 

Principal Way Stations 4.10 P 

1010A San Jos£ and WayStations 6.3SA 

.i^oa San Jose and Way Stations ......... -53°' 

i, U P San Mateo, Redwood, Menlo Park, 
Palo Alto, Santa Clara, San Jose, 
Tres Pinos, Santa Cruz, Salinas, 

Monterey, and Pacific Grove t IO 30 a 

♦3.30P San Jose and Way Stations. .... 7.30 p 

E«p San Jose and Principal Way Stations 9.45 A 
ts'oo P San Jose, Los Gatos, and Principal 

WayStations tg.ooA 

,„, San Jose and Principal Way Stations 8 .35 A 

I30P San Jose and Way Stations tSooA 

,„ . mp San Jose and Way Stations 7-3° r 

-'- A for Morning, p for Afternoon, 

t Suno iy excepted. t Sunday only. 

(-Mondays, Wednesdays, Fridays, 
c Tuesdays, Thursdays, Sundays. 

a Satun/ay only. — - — _ 

"~ fhe"°» r iCIFIC TRANSFER COMPANY will 
call for', .ad check bageage from otels and residence.. 
inquire Ticket Agents for Tune Cards and other in- 
.. maSioD. 

De Tanque — " My father is eighty years old and 
has never used glasses." O'Soaqite — "Always 
drinks from the bottle, eh ! " — Philadelphia Record. 

Not all lost : Blade — " Do you think our practice 
of sending missionaries to foreign countries does 
any good?" Grasse — " Yes ; to this country." — 

How 'twas done: Old gen flew an — "Here, sir, 
how is it 1 catch you kissing my daughter?" The 
lover — " By sneaking in on us, sir." — Philadelphia 

A splendid life-sized portrait of " Oom Paul" 
Kruger has been painted in Paris. It is said to be 
so life-like that no barber can view it without tears. 
— -A 7 i?70 York Press. 

In the awful presence : " Hush I Not so loud. 
We're having a conference of the Powers," " Eh ; 
who is conferring ? " " My wife, my mother-in-law, 
and the cook ! " — Tit-Bits. 

Toitme — " That was a rather disreputable-looking 
man you just spoke to." Browne — " Sir I that was 
my brother." Towne — " Oh, beg pardon ; 1 might 
have known that." — Til-Bits. 

" It will be some time before the Filipinos can 
properly enjoy the Christmas festivities." "How 
so?" "They'll have to learn to wear stockings 
first." — Cleveland Plain Dealer. 

His mother — "You know, Harold, it hurts me 
just as much as it hurts you." Harold — "Yes — 
b-but you d-d-don't have to s-s-sit down on the 
p-p-place afterwards." — Pick-Me-Up. 

Caller — "Is Mrs. Kaflippe at home?" Ellen 
(just over)— " No, mum." Caller — "Do you know 
where she has gone?" Ellen— ■" Yis mum. Up- 
shtairs, be the back way." — Chicago Times-Herald. 

Invaluable assistant : " Did that wealthy bridal 
couple have many trunks?" "Trunks? They 
keep a librarian who doesn't do anything but take 
care of the trunk catalogues." — Indianapolis Jour- 

Judge — "This lady says you threw both arms 
around her waist while trying to get her pocket- 
book." Prisoner — " I was simply makin' love to de 
lady, your honor. I am a foreign nobleman 1 "— 

Blanche—" Oh, girls ! I put a" piece of May's wed- 
ding cake under my pillow last night, and " 

The girls (breathlessly) — " What happened?" 
Blanche — " I ate it all before I went to sleep I" — 
Brooklyn Life. 

Medical consultation: "How do you find me, 
doctor ?'" " Very bad. You are worn out and it is 
necessary that you give up all head work." "That 
would ruin me, doctor. Don't you know I'm a 
barber?" — Ex. 

High strategy : Captain — " What is strategy in 
war ? Give me an instance of it." Irish sergeant — 
" Well, strategy is when ye don't let the enemy dis- 
cover ye are out of ammunition, but keep right on 
firm'."— Tit-Bits. 

" I wish to see a bonnet," said Miss Passee, aged 
forty. "For yourself, miss ? " inquired the French 
milliner. "Yes." "Marie, run down-stairs, and 
get me hats for ladies between eighteen and twenty- 
five." Bonnet sold. — Tit-Bits. 

" Has he any show at all in public life?" asked 
one politician. "Only one. There is the remote 
possibility that his enemies will abuse him so con- 
tinuously that a lot of people will get sorry for him 
and vole for him out of sympathy." — Washington 

Styles — " I do hate to see a woman hanging on to 
a strap in a street-car." Barton — " And so you 
always give a woman a seat when you have one to 
give." Styles — "No, I never go quite so far as 
that. I give my whole attention to my newspaper, 
you see. In that way my sight is not offended by 
the poor, weary woman." — Boston Transcript. 

" There is one thing I like about you," remarked 
the outspoken friend; "you never make any of 
these feints about retiring from public life." " No," 
answered Senator Sorghum ; "I tried that once. 
A whole lot of the neighbors got together and be- 
gan to shoot off fire-works and shout ' hooray 1 ' 
and it took me more than six months to finally dis- 
pose of the rumor." — Washington Star. 

— Dr. Parker's Cough Cure— a sovereign 
remedy. One dose will stop a cough. It never 
fails. Try it. Price, 25 cents. George Dahlbender 
& Co., 214 Kearny Street. 

Mistress (astounded) — "You can't read, Norah ? 
Good gracious 1 How did you ever learn to cook so 
well?" New cook — " Shure, mum, Oi lay it t' not 
bein' able t'rade th' cook-books." — Brooklyn Life. 

— Dr. E. O. Cochrane, Dentist, removed 
to Spring Valley Building. Office hours, 9 to 5. 

Perry's Seeds are 
known the country over as 
the most reliable Seeds that 
can be bought. Don't save 1 
nickel on cheap Beeds and lose: 1 
dollar on the harvest. 

1901 Seed Annual 1" 

D. M. FERRY & CO., 

Detroit, Mich. 

i California 

] Limited 

I Today, tomorrow, \ 

and the next day, 

I if spent on this 

z great train, will J 

■ ! land you in 

: Chicago, and on 

z the way you are 

X dined like a prince. ! 

San Francisco to ' 

I Chicago, on the J 

1 Santa Fe 

in 3 Days 


San Francisco 

At 10 A.M. 

Chicago, Union Pacific 
& North-Western Line 

TROUBLE Drawing- Room' Sleeping 
■*-' Cars, Buffet, Smoking and Library 
Cars, with barber. Dining Cars — meals 
a la carte. Daily Tourist Car Service 
and Personally Conducted Excursions 
every week from San Francisco at 6 fi.?n. 
The best of everything. 


017 Market St. General Agent Pacific Coast 


Mothers be sure and use " Mrs. "Winslow's 
Soothing Syrup " for your children while teething. 


By special arrangement with the publishers, and by concessions in price on both sides, we are enabled 
to make the following offer, open to all subscribers direct to this office : 

Subscribers in renewing subscriptions to Eastern periodicals will please mention the date of expiration 
in order to avoid mistakes. 

The Argonaut and tlie Century for One Tear, by Mall 87-00 

The Argonaut and Scribner's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.25 

The Argonaut and St. Nicholas for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The* Argonaut and Harper's Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's Weekly for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Harper's Bazar for One Year, by Mall 6.70 

The Argonaut and the Weekly New York Tribune (Republican) for One Year, by Mail 4.50 

The Argonaut and the Thrlce-a-Week N. Y. World (Democratic) for One Year, by Mail 4.25 

The Argonaut, the Weekly Tribune, and the Weekly World for One Year, by Mail 5.25 

The Argonaut and Political Science Quarterly for One Year, by Mall 5.90 

The Argonaut and the English Illustrated Magazine for One Year, by Mail 4.70 

The Argonaut and the Atlantic Monthly for One Year, by Mail 6.70 

The Argonaut and Outing for One Year, by Mail 5.75 

The Argonaut and Judge for One Year, by Mail 7 . 50 

The Argonaut and Blackwood's Magazine (monthly) for One Year, by Mail 6.20 

The Argonaut and the Critic for One Year, by Mail ^ 5.10 

The Argonaut and Life for One Year, by Mail 7,75 

The Argonaut and Puck for One Year, by Mail 7.50 

The Argonaut and Demorest's Family Magazine for One Year, by Mall 5.00 

The Argonaut and Current literature for One Year, by Mail 5.90 

The Argonaut and the Nineteenth Century (monthly) for One Year,"by Mail 7'25 

The Argonaut and the Argosy for One Year, by Mail 4,36 

The Argonaut and the Overland Monthly for One Year, by Mail 4.25 

The Argonaut and the Review of Reviews for One Year, by Mail 5.75 

The Argonaut and Lippincott'B Magazine for One Year, by Mail 6.20 

The Argonaut and the North American Review for One Year, by Mail — 7.56 

The Argonaut and the Cosmopolitan for One Year, by Mail 4.35 

The Argonaut and the Forum for One Year, by Mail 6.00 

The Argonaut and Vogue for One Year, by Mail e.i© 

The Argonaut and Littell's Living Age for One Year, by Mail 9.00 

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The Argonaut and the Mexican Herald for One Year, by Mail.,.. 10-50 

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The Arconant and McClure's Magazine for One Year, by Mall 4*36 

The Argonaut and the Criterion for One Year, by Mail... / 4,86 

The Argonaut. 

Vol. XLVIII. No. 1246. 

San Francisco, January 28, 1901. 

Price Ten Cents 

PUBLISHERS' NOTICE.— The Argonaut (title trade- marked) is pub- 
lished every week at No. 246 Sutter Street, by the Argonaut Publishing Com- 
pany. Subscriptions, $4.00 per year ; six months, Si~ij ; three months, $1.30. 
payable in advance— postage prepaid. Subscriptions to all foreign countries 
within the Postal Union, $5.00 per year. Sample copies, free. Single copies, 10 
cents. News Dealers and Agents in the interior supplied by the San Francisco 
News Company, 342 Geary Street, above Powell, to whom all orders front 
the trade should be addressed. Subscribers ■wishing t/ieir addresses cltangcd 
should 'give their old as -well as new addresses. The American News Company; 
New York, are agents for the Eastern trade. Tlie A rgonant may be ordered 
front any News Dealer or Postmaster in the United States or Europe. No 
traveling canvassers employed. Special advertising rates to publisliers. 

Address all communications intended for the Editorial Department thus: 
" Editors Argonaut , 24b Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Address all communications intended for tlu Business Department thus: 
" The Argonaut Publishing Company, 24b Sutter Street, San Francisco, Cal." 

Make all checks, drafts, postal orders, etc., payable to "The Argonaut 
Publishing Company. ' ' 

The Argonaut can be obtained in London at Tlu International News Co., 
j" Breams Buildings, Chancery Lane: American Newspaper and Advertising 
Agency, Trafalgar Buildings, Northumberland Avenue. In Paris, at 37 
Avenue de TOptra. In New York, at Brentands, 31 Union Square. In 
Chicago, at 206 Wabash Avenue. In Washington, at 1013 Pennsylvania 
Avenue. Telephone Number, fames 2331. 



Editorial : A Special Philippine Army — Basis of the Demand for In- 
crease—Why Its Accounts Should Be Kept Separately — American 
Trade Is Alarming Europe— Comment of European Journals — The 
Abolition of Militarism — Stanford's Seceding Professors — Resignations 
Accepted — Every Enterprise Must Have a Head— Opinions and Facts 
— Acade tic " Freedom " versus Insubordination — Elaborate Justifica- 
tion of '*•" Defense — Over-Zealous Newspaper Defenders— Positions 
That Coufd Not Be Held with Honor — A Discussion of the Problem of 
Wages — Address before the Unitarian Club— George W. Dickie on the 
Model System— Suffrage in the Cuban Constitution— Qualifications to 
Be Demanded — Progress of Senatorial Elections— Results in Several 
States — Valuable Report on Petroleum in California — State Mining 
Bureau's Investigation— The Reported Prevalence of "La Grippe" — 
Simple Precautions Necessary — What the Queen's Death Portends— 
Allegiance of Colonial Englishmen— The Second Republic — Good Mat- 
ter Lost in Daily Papers — Why a Change is Needed 1-3 

Serpents of Salvation : The Ordeal of a Night in a Texas Cabin. By 

Gwendolen Overton 4 

El Dorado. By May Kendall 4 

Napoleon at St. Helena: Extracts from Lord Rosebery's Sympa- 
thetic Study of the Last Phase of the French Emperor's Career— How 

He Passed the Weary Days at Longwood— His Conversations 5 

A Marchesi Musicals in Paris: The Parlors of the Noted Teacher 
of Singing — A Typical French Audience — Some Americans among 
the Pupils— Emma Nevada and Ellen Beach Yaw. By Geraldine 

Bonner *. 6 

Individualities : Notes About Prominent Peopla All Over the World 6 

Mrs. Hammond on the Boers: The Wife of John Hays Hammond 
Addresses the Century Club— Settlement of the Transvaal— Incoming 
of the Uitlanders— Misapplication of Taxes— Shifting the Franchise 

Law j 

Literary Notes: Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip — New Publica- 
tions 8-9 

Memories of the Tennysons : Anecdotes of the Poet Laureate, as Re- 
lated by Canon Rawnsley and His Father and Erother 9 

Drama : Mrs. Fiske in " Becky Sharp." Ey Josephine Hart Phelps 10 

Stage Gossip 10 

England's New Sovereign: An Anecdotic Account of King Edward the 

Seventh's Long Career as Prince of Wales n 

Vanity Fair: " Tipping " Recognized by the United States Government 
— When It Is Allowed — A Countess Cancels Her Washington Engage- 
ments — The Question of Precedence — Parisian Favor for an English 
Style— The Bun Fashion in Coiffures — Some Famous Lace — What It 
Cost Josephine— English Knowledge of American Home Life — Why It 
Is Limited — Enormous Sums Spent in Paris for Costumes — The 

Profits of the Modistes 12 

Storyettes : Grave and Gay, Epigrammatic and Otherwise— Makart and 
the Soubrette — Sir Frank Lockwood's Question— Senator Chandler on 
Admission Charges — Herr von Radowitz and the Aurora — When a 
Candidate Told the Truth — M me. Talleyrand's Error — Profitable 

Searching of the Scriptures — A Mayor's Miracle 13 

Boss Tweed's Diamonds i 3 

The Tuneful Liar : " The Enraptured Bride," '* Grip," "Rice " 13 

Society: Movements and Whereabouts — Notes and Gossip— Army and 

Navy News 14-15 

The Alleged Humorists: Paragraphs Ground Out by the Dismal Wits 
of the Day jg 

Last week the Senate passed the army reorganization bill, 
a Special Wli ^ sl 'ght changes, which will probably be 

Philippine speedily adjusted in a conference committee 

Armv - of both Houses. As is well known, the main 

feature of the bill is the fixing the strength of the maximum 
force at 100,000 men for occasions of need, and a reduction 
in times of peace to 65,000. 

During the protracted debate on the bill a suggestion was 
made by Senator Bacon, of Georgia, so pertinent and valu- 
able that it should not be lost sight of. Admissions had 
been made by several senators supporting the bill that 
70,000 men are needed in the Philippines and would be 
needed for the indefinite period of " several years to come." 
It had also been said that at the end of the insurrection the 

Philippine force could be reduced to at least 20,000, and 
that the remaining 45,000 making up the minimum organi- 
zation was imperatively required to man and care for the 
posts and fortifications of the United States. Senator 
Bacon's timely, sensible, and business-like proposal was that 
the Military Committee " prepare a special bill for a special 
Philippine army." 

Our need for the increase authorized is based entirely on a 
demand for 70,000 men for service in the Philippines. It 
is eminently fitting that the increase so required should be 
segregated from our standing army, and called " the Philip- 
pine army," as expressive of its mission and distinctive of 
its necessity, so that the people might know what they are pay- 
ing for the Philippine enterprise. It is not a regular army of 
the United States, and its cost and maintenance should not 
be confused with the regular force. Such a course would not 
only simplify the people's view of the Philippine question, 
but it is the way in which other countries which send ex- 
peditionary forces abroad treat such contingents. Ger- 
many's army corps in China is known and specially pro- 
vided for as the " East-Asiatic Corps." One branch of 
English troops serving in the Orient is known as the " In- 
dian Establishment." Other British regiments are known 
and supported under the names of the posts they occupy. 
France designates one branch of her military service the 
"Army Corps in Algiers," and another the "Division of 
Occupation in Tunis." None of these countries jumble 
the various expeditionary expenses in one common fund 
with that for the home forces. 

We have now only a general estimate of the Secretary of 
the Treasury that next year's expense for the military estab- 
lishment will be $140,000,000. If the proportion of forces 
required are considered together with costly maintenance 
and transportation abroad, more than three-quarters of this 
sum will be expended on account of the Philippines ; but 
what will the public know about it, except those sufficiently 
interested to dig the facts out of the confused mass of army 
accounts at Washington ? If there must be a " Philippine 
army," let it be called by its right name, and let its accounts 
be kept by themselves and promptly and prominently 
printed where they will be most available to the public. 

It will not be long now until the people of the United 
States will be casting up the accounts of the Philippine 
policy. They will want to know what it has cost to raise a 
Philippine army, transport it to and fro across the ocean, 
keep it recruited and fed, the diseased and wounded cared 
for and pensioned, the dead brought home and buried. 
The only way to furnish this information is to have a " Phil- 
ippine army," keep its accounts separate, and make them 
easily accessible. Such handling of the business is not only 
a right of the public, but it is for the benefit of the regular 
army at home, and a safeguard for the supreme accounting 
authorities of the government. Any less business-like 
method leaves the authorities open to the suspicion that they 
do not want the public to know what our various armies cost. 

The wonderful strides that have been made recently in 
A c Tra extending American commercial relations 
Is Alarming have alarmed the leaders in European 

Europe. countries, and are inspiring alarmist com- 

ment in the European press. The remarkable review of 
American supremacy delivered in the Senate two weeks ago 
by Senator Lodge has furnished the text for a number of , 
editorials. According to the Neue Wiener Presse the great . 
event of the twentieth century will be the struggle between 
Europe and America for the commerce of the world. It 
declares that the only object of the immense economic I 
changes now occurring in the United States is to flood ' 
Europe and the European markets in Asia with American ' 
industrial products. The basis of its claim that the markets 
of Asia are distinctly the property of the nations of Europe ! 
does not appear, but the Presse contends that no adequate 
measures are being taken to repel this invasion. The com- 1 
ments of the European press are interesting as giving em- \ 
phasis to the fact that the distinguishing feature of the 
century the world is now entering upon is to be the intensi- ' 

fying of the commercial warfare that was so prominently 
characteristic of the closing years of the century that has 
just passed. As a remedy, or at least as a means of 
strengthening European nations in the struggle, an industrial 
union such as that recently proposed among the countries of 
Spanish origin is advocated. The Neue Wiener Tageblatt 
is of the opinion that commercial supremacy is to be secured 
by Europe only as a result of the abolition of militarism. 
The approaching supremacy of the United States can not be 
averted by the protective tariffs advocated by the German 
and Austrian agrarians, but only by a relief from the burden 
of the immense military and naval organization. The 
nations of Europe appear to have arrived at a realizing sense 
of the fact that the distinguishing feature of the new century 
is to be the forging of the United States to the foremost 
position among nations. 

About the middle of last November there was much stir at 
Stanford's Stanford University over the resignation of 

Seceding Edward A. Ross, professor of political 

I P* " 350 ™- economy. This resignation was not en- 

tirely voluntary, and was said to be due to Professor 
' Ross's repealed expression of his views on free silver and 
; the labor question. Although the fact did not appear in 
i the official correspondence, it was hinted thJt J Professor 
Ross had attacked the methods by which Senator Stanford 
! accumulated the fortune with which he endowed the uni- 
versity at Palo Alto. These rumors were not denied by 
! Professor Ross and his friends, and are very generally be- 

Immediately after the resignation of Professor Ross, Dr. 
George E. Howard, of the history department, severely 
criticised the action of the university management in the 
Ross matter, and in strong, not to say bitter language de- 
nounced such action. After the lapse of many weeks Presi- 
dent Jordan wrote to Professor Howard, requesting that he 
apologize to the faculty and withdraw his language. This 
Dr. Howard refused to do, and tendered his resignation, 
which was at once accepted. Dr. Daniel E. Spencer, his 
assistant in the history department, Dr. C. N. Little, pro- 
fessor of mathematics, and William Henry Hudson, pro- 
fessor of English literature, all resigned through sympathy 
with Professors Howard and Ross. 

The action of the seceding professors naturally caused 
much excitement at Stanford University, which is slowly 
dying down. The students at first were divided into two 
factions, a large majority upholding the president, and the 
minority not exactly supporting but rather sympathizing 
with the apostate professors. But the minority slowly 
dwindled away, until now at Stanford University the entire 
student body seems to be behind the president. 

It is not so with the newspapers of the State. For some 
unexpected reason — perhaps merely through that journal- 
istic desire to stir up strife and make "good stuff" — the 
newspapers seem desirous of continuing the contention even 
after the incident is closed. For closed it is. 

The common sense of the people of the State will uphold 

Everv Esterpr, se the action of President Jordan and the 
Must Have Stanford faculty. There can be no sort of 

a Head. enterprise without a head — a great univer- 

sity least of all. And any man who is fit to preside over a 
great university is certainly fit to choose the men who shall 
do its work. If differences arise betwern them, between 
them and the students, between the different classes, he is 
the man to decide them. How can the public or the public 
press decide them ? Is it possible for anyone outside of 
the university to settle its disagreements understandingly ? 
Any man at the head of a large institution knows that such 
a claim would be preposterous. In recent public addresses 
both President Wheeler and President Jordan likened the 
management of newspapers to that of universities, and made 
comparisons thereupon. Universities and newspapers do 
not seem to us to present many points of similarity. But 
assuming that they are parallel, how long could a -_*reat 
newspaper exist without a responsible head? H 


January 28, 1901. 

would its responsible head permit an editorial writer to dic- 
tate its editorial views ? A few years ago the San Francisco 
Chronicle was a free-silver paper. Would Mr. de Young at 
that time have permitted a subordinate to attack free 
silver in its columns? Or would the Examiner — which 
was a free-silver paper for two or three weeks be- 
fore the election last year — have permitted a subordinate 
to state in its columns that its attitude on the money ques- 
tion was false and insincere? The Call is a stalwart Re- 
publican journal ; its manager is said to be a Democrat ; 
would Mr. Spreckels permit him to attack the Republican 
party in the columns of the Calif Of a surety, no. These 
propositions are self-evident. They appeal to all sensible 
men. Every newspaper man in the country would at once 
admit their truth. 

But the friends of the seceding professors talk of 
"academic freedom." What is academic freedom? We 
suppose it means freedom to write and speak the truth. 
But what is the truth about free silver ? Professor Ross 
thinks he has found it. President Jordan thinks that Professor 
Ross has not. Were Professor Ross president of Stan- 
ford, doubtless Dr. Jordan would have to go. If Pro- 
fessor Ross be the stern Roman sociologist that his news- 
paper friends tell us he is, he certainly would not permit 
the false and pernicious gold-bug doctrines of Dr. Jordan 
to be taught in Stanford. He would dismiss Dr. Jordan, 
and it would be not only his right but his duty. 

It might be said that Professor Ross, Professor Howard, 
and others have a right to entertain and 

Academic "tree- ° 

dom " versus enunciate privately views concerning free 

Insubordination. s ji ver anc \ ot h er issues repugnant to the 
university management. Granted. They have the right, of 
course, however questionable their taste would be in the 
matter. But in the case of Professor Howard, he denounced 
the university management in the presence of his class. , 
While his holding of heterodox views might be winked at 
in private, his mutiny against the authorities in public could 
not be tolerated. Were it tolerated, it would be destructive 
of all discipline. While there may be honest differences of \ 
opinion between honest men in university faculties as else- 
where, there must be better methods of adjusting them than : 
for a subordinate to denounce his superiors in the presence 
of hot-headed undergraduates. 

There has been some elaborate justification of Professor 
Ross in newspaper organs friendly to him. But we do not j 
see that they make out much of a case. They speak bitterly j 
of the fact that some of Mrs. Stanford's friends say that I 
"her personal fortune paid Professor Ross's salary." Pro- I 
fessor Ross's newspaper defenders say that it ceased to be ! 
her personal fortune when she endowed the university ; that, , 
therefore, Professor Ross did not take his salary from the 
personal fortune of Mrs. Stanford, but from that impersonal ! 
entity, Stanford University. This seems to us to be a dis- 
tinction without a difference. Every Stanford professor 
knows that his salary comes from Mrs. Stanford ; that until 
her death she controls the university's endowment ; that the 
trustees are shadows ; that when its finances were imperiled j 
she pledged her private fortune and even her jewels to pay 
the professors' salaries. These facts are perfectly well ; 
known, not only to the Stanford professors but to the people i 
at large. There is in them no disgrace to the university 
faculty, and certainly none to Mrs. Stanford. But when 
those who profit by Mrs. Stanford's altruistic disposal of her 
fortune profess to ignore the source whence Stanford's en- 
dowment comes, they occupy a most disingenuous attitude ; 
and when they attack that source, they occupy a position 
which seems to us not only disingenuous but dishonest. 

for out of money tainted with dishonor ? If they believed 
it, how can they tarry upon the order of their going, when 
their departure means freedom from an employment which 
no honorable man could fill ? If they believed it, how can 
they quibble about the dates of their resignations, when they 
should never even have accepted their professorial chairs ? 
The newspaper defenders of the seceding professors say 
too little or too much. If they defend the seceders by 
alleging their belief in a tainted source for Stanford's endow- 
ment, they accuse them of baseness incredible in profiting 
by this tainted money. 

Were the statements of these newspaper defenders true, 
we could scarcely find words to express our contempt for 
men, whether professors or students, who would knowingly 
accept stolen money as the means with which to compass 
their material and intellectual gain. But we can not believe 
it. We can not believe that American men would know- 
ingly stoop to such infamy. Any professor, instructor, or 
student who accepts the hospitality of Stanford University 
is forever estopped from besmirching the source of its en- 
dowment. Those outside of the institution may do so, if 
they will. Those within it can not with honor. If they 
attack their endowment's source they become self-stultified, 
degraded beings, comparable only to those creatures who live 
upon money which is earned in shame. 

One of the newspaper defenders of the seceding professors 
says : 


Newspaper "Professor Ross knew of the corrupt transac 


tions in connection with the accumulation of the 
Central Pacific fortunes. His students knew of 
them. We may be certain that Professor Ross said as little as he 
could, but we may be certain also that he did not say that the transac- 
tions were not corrupt, that Senator Stanford was not concerned in 
them. He could not say any of these things without lying." 

It is a maxim of the law that he who seeks equity must 
do equity ; that he who comes into a court of equity must 
enter with clean hands. If, as his defender urges, Pro- 
fessor Ross believed that Senator Stanford accumulated his 
fortune corruptly ; that Senator Stanford was dishonest and 
that he stole his money from the people — how then can 
Professor Ross accept this stolen money for his hire ? Is 
he not estopped from attacking the man who made it and 
the method in which it was made ? If, as this defender of 
Professor Ross alleges, many professors and students at 
Stanford believe that Senator Stanford was a thief, then they 
are worse than he is for battening on his stolen goods. If 
any of these seceding professors believed what their 
nevl aper defenders say they did — to wit, that the 
Stan >rd fortune is stolen money, is ill-gotten gains — how 
a.*y such men strive to retain positions of honor paid 

At a recent meeting of the Unitarian Club, George W. 
A Discussion of Dickie > wno as manager of the Union Iron 
the Problem of Works has had extensive experience in the 
Just Wages. employment and management of large 

bodies of laborers, presented his views as to what was the 
just basis for estimating the return that the workman should 
receive for his labor. He has been traveling through Eng- 
land, and finds the principle of compensation in the large 
machine-shops there different, and, in his opinion more just, 
than that which obtains in this country. Here there are 
generally two great questions that divide labor and capital — 
time and money. The laborer desires to get as much 
money as he can in proportion to the time he works ; the 
capitalist seeks to get the greatest possible amount of time 
in return for his money. Constant friction between the two 
is the result. In some places a remedy has been sought 
by the adoption of the system of paying for labor by the 
piece ; but as the piece rates are based upon the wage value 
of the time consumed, the result has been far from satis- 
factory. In England, Mr. Dickie found a system by which 
the cost value of everything produced was estimated, the 
labor cost being based upon what the average laborer 
should produce in a given time. Each man is paid his 
regular wages, but if the wages actually paid on any con- 
tract fall short of the labor value as estimated, the excess is 
entered upon a labor-surplus account. Every six months 
one-half of this account is credited to the company as its 
profits, while the other half is divided among the workmen 
in proportion to what they have earned. Mr. Dickie found 
as a result of this system that the laborers were more con- 
tented, that they accomplished far more work in a given 
time, and that each laborer assumed the duties of a fore- 
man in preventing shirking, since every shirker reduced the 
dividend that would be received by his fellow-workmen. 

The system that Mr. Dickie found and admired is in 
effect a modification of the system of profit-sharing that has 
occupied the attention of economists for a number of years. 
There can be no question that it reduces friction, and pro- 
duces better work, but there are certain difficulties in its 
application. Theoretically it is generally accepted that labor 
is entitled to receive the value of what it produces, and 
capital the value of what it produces. But how is the 
division to be effected. If the current rate of interest, with 
additions for risk and other contingencies, is taken as the 
basis of capital's production, then the rate of wages depends 
entirely upon what is left ; if the laborer is getting less than 
the value of his work now, as he generally claims, then the 
time value of wages can not be taken as the basis. In the 
English system it is difficult to see why one-half of the labor 
surplus is counted as the company's profits. Salaried 
officials would properly be classed as laborers, and share in 
the dividend. If the labor cost is too high, it should be 
reduced ; if it is not too high, no part of it should be classed 
as profits. 

It is reported that the Cuban constitutional convention has 
s adopted a clause conferring the suffrage 

the Cuban upon all the adult male inhabitants of the 

Constitution. island, without property or educational re- 
strictions. The recent census, compiled under the direction 
of the United States, established the fact that a very large 
proportion of the people are unable to read or write. None 
of them has had an opportunity to gain -any experience in 
self-government save the small handful who have secured 
their education in this country and lived here for a number 
of years studying our institutions. The movement in favor 
of universal suffrage is said to be inspired by the followers 

of General Gomez, who want to secure the support of the 
ignorant population in order to offset the substantial classes, 
who distrust him. If the report that this clause has been 
adopted is true, it is apt to have serious results. It is under- 
stood that President McKinley will refuse to approve a con- 
stitution containing any such provision, and the American 
Congress is equally opposed to the plan. It is urged by the 
students of the European problem that the granting of 
universal suffrage would merely mean the quick and certain 
ruin of the new Cuban republic. It would be no more suc- 
cessful in Cuba than it has been in Hayti and Santo 
Domingo, and this country would be confronted by difficul- 
ties far more serious than it would have to meet should it 
establish an effective protectorate. A test that would estab- 
lish a capacity to vote intelligently as a prerequisite to the 
franchise would be easily applied, and would promise far 
more safety to the permanence of the new government. 

Considerable progress was made last week in the filling ol 
Progress of senatorial vacancies. Senator M. S. Quay, 

Senatorial whose former term expired March 4, 1899, 

Elections. n as been e i ecte( j to succeed himself after a 

protracted struggle with two Pennsylvania legislatures. His 
return was greeted with demonstrations of satisfaction by 
his political friends on the floor and in the gallery of the 
Senate. Senator Hoar; succeeds himself, as expected. His 
Democratic opponent was Richard Olney. 

W. A. Clark, the Montana millionaire who was once 
denied a seat, has been sent back again by the legislature of 
his State to succeed Senator Carter. Senator Cullom has 
been reelected in Illinois, and Senator Tillman is his own 
successor from South Carolina, as is Senator Burrows from 
Michigan. All of these merely realized general expectations. 

The result in New Hampshire was more startling. Until 
the last moment few doubted that the veteran William E. 
Chandler would succeed, and so his defeat and replacement 
by Judge H. E. Burnham was a general surprise. Another 
new name in the Senate is that of Edward W. Carmack, of 
Tennessee, who has been elected to succeed Senator Turley. 
Mr. Carmack is a member of the present House of Repre- 

Thomas M. Patterson has been selected to succeed 
Senator Wolcott, of Colorado. In his speech of accept- 
ance Mr. Patterson announced that he would affiliate with 
the Democrats, and that his financial views (of the free- 
silver variety) were unchanged and his confidence in their 
ultimate triumph unshaken. 

Ex-Senator Fred T. Dubois has again been chosen in 
Idaho. He was once a Republican, later a Silver Republi- 
can, and has now announced himself as " henceforth a 

So far, the contests which flavor of dead-locks are con- 
fined to the States of Nebraska and Delaware. In the 
former, late reports show the Republicans with a small 
majority scattered among half a dozen candidates, with D. 
F. Thompson in the lead. In Delaware, the Addicks 
faction hold sixteen votes steadily, while the twelve Repub- 
lican votes are scattered. It will require twenty-six to 
elect, and both seats are to be filled. A Republican caucus 
in Minnesota has chosen Moses E. Clapp, of St. Paul, to 
succeed the late Senator Davis. 

The development during recent years in the production of 
valuable Report petroleum oil in this State has attracted 
on Petroleum wide attention, not only here but through- 
in California. out t he wn ole country. There is every 
indication that the interest will continue to increase for some 
time, as the supply seems practically inexhaustible and new 
oil-producing sections are being developed almost daily in 
all parts of the Coast Range region of the State. Both the 
oil and the geological formation found here differ from what 
is found in Pennsylvania and other Eastern oil-fields. The 
oil is on an asphalt instead of a paraffine basis, and there- 
fore it does not pay to refine it. In many sections it has 
been claimed that a paraffine oil has been found, but it has 
not yet been produced in paying quantities. The paraffine 
oil may yet be developed here, and, if it is, it will prove to 
be an important addition to the mineral wealth of the State. 
On the other hand, the asphalt oil is of great value as fuel, 
particularly for manufacturing purposes, and this is important 
in view of the fact that coal of the necessary quality is not 
found in the State, and must be ^imported at a heavy ex- 
pense. The different quality of the oil and the peculiar 
geological formation render it necessary to pursue some- 
what different methods of development from those that ob- 
tain in the Eastern fields, and this fact has retarded the 
progress of the industry. 

The State Mining Bureau, which has from time to time 
published preliminary reports on the oil industry, has just 
issued a comprehensive report, which presents the develop- 
ment in the entire field brought as nearly up to date as was 
possible under the circumstances. As pointed out in the re- 
port, it requires more time to make personal investiga- 


January 28, 1901. 


tions, particularly with the limited force at the command of 
the bureau, than would be required for compiling reports at 
second hand. At the same time, the reports are far more 
valuable, being free from any suspicion of prejudice or par- 
tisanship in favor of any particular district or company. 
Any attempt to present a review of this report is impossible 
within the limits of the space of these columns, but it may 
be said briefly that after an introductory chapter presenting 
general facts, each district is taken up separately, and the 
development at the time of investigation fully described, 
the individual companies being taken up separately. A 
series of maps showing each of the districts in detail adds 
considerably to the value of the publication. There are also 
chapters describing the geological formations in which oil is 
found, the oil industry historically considered, and a discus- 
sion of the character of California petroleum, and its value 
as fuel. The report is a valuable one at the present time, 
and will undoubtedly attract general attention. 

whose sole end in life is to " get the paper out on time " at 
the rate of about fifteen thousand copies an hour. It 
would take the average man about fifteen thousand hours 
to read these articles in their present inconvenient shape. 
Therefore they will probably never be read at all. 

The Pas3i 



The death of Queen Victoria will cause greater grief than 
would the death of any other woman in the 
world. For knowledge of her blameless life 
is not confined to the English-speaking races. 
The great empire over which she ruled included many peo- 
ples, of many tongues, of dark skins as well as white. 
During her long and worthy reign her empire has had points 
of contact with every other government in the world. From 
the most enlightened to the least civilized there is scarcely 
any people that has not at least some slight knowledge of 
the great lady who has just passed away. Therefore, the 
mourning over her death will be as wide-spread as it is sin- 
cere. During her reign of sixty-three years, Victoria's in- 
fluence was always for kindness, for virtue, and for goodness. 
Two generations have passed since, a girl of eighteen, she 
came to the throne. The present generation can scarcely 
credit the tales that history tells of the manners and morals 
of the pre-Victorian age. Great statesmen were often 
drunkards and gamesters, and great statesmen's wives were 
often — well, ladies of the court. In old French, a court 
lady meant a courtesan, and the terms were often synony- 
mous in English as well as in French. The purifying of the 
English court has been due to Queen Victoria. Her influ- 
ence has always been for honor and honesty among both men 
and women, and the effect of her great power and great in- 
fluence upon the world can scarcely be over-estimated. Her 
long and blameless life and reign are over, and she has 
passed to her long rest. May she rest welL She was a 
good queen, but more than all she was a good woman, a 
good wife, and a good mother. 

Recently, in commenting on Alfred Harmsworth's "twen- 
Good Matter tieth-century newspaper," the Argonaut re- 
Lost in marked that the twentieth- century daily must 

Dailv Papers. change its size and make its page smaller 
and more convenient. An object-lesson in this regard is 
given by the recent appearance of special numbers of 
two daily newspapers. One is the New Year's annual of the 
San Francisco Chronicle. It prints a vast amount of valu- 
able matter. It contains quantities of useful statistics. It 
is a monument of journalistic industry. But its size makes 
it utterly useless : it can not be read ; it can not be indexed ; 
it can not be filed. The twentieth-century number of the 
New York Evening Post is another case in point. It con- 
tains about forty articles reviewing the work of the nine- 
teenth century. Every article is written by a specialist. Let 
us mention a few : 

"The Progress of International Law," by Professor John B. 
Moore, of Columbia University. " The Transformation of Mexico," 
by Charles S. Lummis, author of " Mexico of To-Day." " Railway 
Economy in the Nineteenth Century," by President Hadley, of Yale. 
"Equipment, Organization, and Operation of Railways," by J. \V. 
Midgley, ex-commissioner Western Traffic Association. " Develop- 
ment of Steel Manufacture in the United States," by Andrew 
Carnegie. "The United States Navy," by Edward S. Maclay. 
"Changes in the Legal and Political Status of Women," by Mrs. 
Julia Ward Howe. " The Higher Education of Women," by 
Mrs. Alice Freeman Palmer, ex-president of Wellesley. " The Musi- 
cal Century," by Henry T. Finck. " Painting in the Nineteenth Cent- 
ury," by Kenyon Cox. " Advance in Astronomical Science," by Pro- 
fessor Simon Newcomb. " A Century of English Literature," by 
Edmond Gossc " Printing in the N'ineteemh Century," by Theodore 
L. De Vinne, of the De Vinne Press. 

The foregoing is a partial list of these invaluable articles. 
The writer of each is an authority in his particular line. 
Mr. De Vinne, for example, says guardedly : " Printing 
was never done better and never done worse than to-day." 
The form in which his article appears proves what he says. 
The matter of these admirable articles should be set up in 
large, clear type by careful compositors, read by painstaking 
proof-readers, and printed with honest black ink on good, 
thick, white paper on an octavo page, with a -fair margin, by 
a skillful pressman. In reality these papers are com- 
posed by "linotype machinists" from blurred and slurred 
linotype slugs, with no proof-reading at all, and printed 
with cheap and nasty gray ink on coarse wood-pulp paper, in 
large and clumsy pages, worked on a web-perfecting press, 
by another "machinist," who is not a pressman at all, and 

The death of Queen Victoria will bring about marked 

,„ changes in the British Government, if not 

What the 

Queen's Death 

in the British constitution. With a new- 
sovereign upon the throne it is not probable 
that the government of Lord Salisbury will be able to re- 
main in power in the face of the renewed disasters in South 
Africa. There is much impatience with the Conservative 
government even in Conservative quarters. Usually one 
of the first acts of an heir-apparent is to dismiss the ad- 
visors of his predecessor. Whether the new monarch in- 
clines to Conservatism or to Liberalism, he will feel dis- 
posed to seek new advisors, and he can easily find them. 
Whatever the political beliefs of King Edward's subjects, 
nearly all of them believe that Lord Salisbury's age and in- 
firmities have rendered him obsolescent, if not obsolete. 
So, too, with the foreign secretary, Lord Lansdowne ; the 
British people are anything but satisfied with his manage- 
ment of affairs in China. As for St. John Brodrick, he 
has made a mess of affairs in South Africa, and his most 
important official act has been to quarrel with Lord Roberts, 
the returned commanding generaL 

Ministries may come and ministries may go, but mon- 
archies go on. Will they go on forever ? We doubt it — we 
doubt it very much. To us Americans, living in a free 
republic, monarchism seems almost as much out of date as 
the Sphinx. It is true that modern monarchies have so 
molded themselves into constitutional governments as to 
give to their subjects almost as much of liberty as we enjoy 
in our republics. But not alL Lingering about them there 
is much that is still mediaeval. One of these lingering 
superstitions is the assumption that a man rules by divine 
right ; that a mere mortal like ourselves acquires by succes- 
sion the ownership of millions of human beings. It is true 
that this divine right has been set aside in England before. 
It may be again. But that this moldy superstition still 
endures is proved by the fact that the death of Queen 
Victoria brings up genealogical gossip — only gossip, it is 
true, but it shows what is in the unfree minds of those who 
are subjects born. These topics of discussion concern the 
claims of the Stuart descendants to the English throne, the 
claims of Emperor William to succeed Victoria because he 
is the son of her eldest daughter, and similar speculations 
by heraldic quidnuncs. It is difficult to conjecture what per- 
centage of the inhabitants of Great Britain look upon them- 
selves as chattels to be devised by Victoria to Albert Edward, 
or to Kaiser William, as the case may be. We trust the 
percentage is small. 

But it will be smaller. The death of the sovereign whose 
long, virtuous, and blameless reign has just come to an end 
means the end of things other than her life. The senti- 
ment of allegiance which has pervaded the millions of 
colonial Englishmen was largely a sentiment of personal 
allegiance, of loyalty to Victoria rather than to the crown. 
They none of them can feel toward her son as they have 
felt toward the queen. They could not even if they would. 
The element of sex enters into the question of allegiance. 
The queen has carried out the famous maxim of Thiers : 
" The queen reigns, but does not govern." Governmentally, 
she has effaced herself — politically, she has hidden herself 
behind her ministers. No man could practice such suc- 
cessful effacement. No man would try, even if he could, 
and King Edward the Seventh will not try. 

It is our belief that the death of Queen Victoria means 
the ultimate death of monarchical institutions among 
English-speaking peoples. It will not be many years before 
what is now the British Empire will be the Second Republic 
in " the Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World," 
of which great federation our own great republic will be the 

As is usual at this time of the year, it is reported that the 
The Reported " S^P'" or inrtuenza i is prevalent in this city, 
Prevalence of and that the physicians are attending thou- 
" La Grippe." sands of cases. It is not probable that there 
are any genuine cases of that epidemic disease that was 
known a few years ago as la grippe now existing in this city. 
The disease was infectious, and asserted itself as an epi- 
demic ; there is nothing to indicate that it is here at the 
present time. There is no question, however, that a large 
number of people are suffering from throat, lung, and bron- 
chial troubles. There are also cases that pervade the entire 
muscular system, producing a feeling of soreness and lassi- 
tude, and it is this general inflammatory condition that is 
usually referred to at the present time as the "grip." While 
there is a distinct difference between the two classes of dis- 
eases, any of them is liable to develop into serious compli- 
cations, and the utmost care should be exercised in avoiding 

them. The most trying feature of the climate of San Fran- 
cisco is the sudden and comparatively extreme change that 
may be encountered. This is particularly true during the 
rainy season, and children are more liable to be unfavorably 
affected than adults. Exposure to night air is dangerous for 
both young and old ; sudden changes of temperature or of 
humidity, as in passing from a heated room to the outside 
air, are to be avoided ; damp clothing is to be shunned, and 
a hygienic condition is to be insisted upon. These are 
simple rules, but their observance will save much suffering, 
and perhaps expenditure for doctors' and undertakers' bills. 

by Fire 
Last Year, 

There is not a large city in the country where the people do 
The Losses DOt ^ ee * a sense 0I pride in their fire de- 

partments. There is an efficiency and a 
display of speed and energy about them 
that are inspiring. Almost before the alarm has ceased to 
be heard the engines are on the spot, the hose-lines are out, 
the ladders are against the building, and the men have be- 
gun their struggle against the fire. In spite of this effi- 
ciency, which is so dramatic, the losses from fires in this 
country are increasing year by year. Last year the loss 
amounted to $158,065,903. This was an increase of nearly 
seven and one-half million dollars over the year 1S99. The 
steady increase from year to year may best be seen by a 
comparison of the losses during the last five years. Taking 
the year 1S96 as a basis, for each $too of loss during that 
year there was $107 in 1897, during 1898 it was $119, 
during the next year $134, in 1S99 it was $134, and last 
year it was $141. When these figures are multiplied by 
millions the extreme character of the increase may be real- 
ized. Of the total loss last year, slightly more than one- 
half was from fires the loss from which was more than one 
hundred thousand dollars. These losses were in large part 
paid by the insurance companies, but the money comes ulti- 
mately out of the pockets of land - owners and tenants, 
and in order to protect themselves the insurance companies 
have raised their rates. What are demanded at the present 
time are more effective precautionary measures against fire, 
for the direct losses, immense as they are in the aggregate, 
scarcely exceed the indirect losses resulting from the dis- 
turbance of business, which can not be estimated. 

The West Point Congressional Committee has decided 
to recommend legislation against hazing. 

Legislation ° a ° 

Against There are a good many federal laws now 

Hazing. tnat are inoperative. About all the average 

man knows of the federal statutes is of the internal revenue 
laws about whisky and tobacco. But there are others. If 
Congress makes hazing penal, the courts will have to define 
hazing. When stock-brokers smash each other's hats on 
New-Vear's Day, is it hazing? When grain-brokers pour 
flour into the scruffs of each other's necks, is it hazing ? 
When Stanford college boys duck a Kansas student be- 
cause he does not think in the California way, is that hazing ? 
When an energetic married lady gives her husband curtain- 
lectures, is it hazing? In short, is hen-pecking hazing? 
And if so, will Congress dare to make hen-pecking a penal 
offense ? And if so, how will each Congressman answer to 
the outraged Mrs. Congressman ? 

We notice by the Los Angeles Times that the realty market 
Real Estate there is "made dull and featureless by the 
in the tendency to invest in lands in the Philip- 

Philippines. pines." If anything were needed to prove 

the superior smartness of our southern neighbors it is this. 
While the rest of the country is wrangling over annexing the 
Philippine Islands, Los Angeles is already engaged in selling 
them. Those of us who witnessed the real-estate boom in 
Southern California twelve or thirteen years ago, can not 
but smile when we recall its street parades, its wagon-loads 
of boomers, its boom-houses oxen-hauled across the mesa 
to start yet other boom towns, and its multitudinous brass 
bands. Doubtless Los Angeles will apply these methods in 
its new Philippine real-estate boom. 

The " Naval Register " for the year 1901 will show the 
commendable growth of the navy during the nineteenth 
century. From a few officers, and still fewer ships, the navy 
has grown to a total of 1,838 commissioned officers, 17,500 
enlisted men, 2,500 apprentices, and 232 ships of all classes, 
with 61 under construction. 

Charles Counselman, one of the heaviest grain-shippers 
in the world and one of the largest vessel-owners in the 
West, in a recent interview bitterly denounces the ship- 
subsidy bill, and announces that he is building four vessels 
to ply between Chicago, Hamburg, and Liverpool, and 
needs no subsidy. 

It has been settled that Prince Chung, brother of Emperor 
Kwang Su of China, will go to Berlin to make atonement for 
the murder of Baron von Ketteler at Pekin. 

France consumes more wine than German) - . 
States, and the L'nited Kingdom put together. 


January 28, 1901. 


The Ordeal of a Night in a Texas Cabin. 

It was partly noble and heroic self-abnegation which 
prompted Macintosh to constitute himself the saviour of 
Barclay ; but it was also partly hope of winning the hundred 
which the rest of the mess put up and which would enable 
him to pay, by several months sooner than he would other- 
wise have done, for the carved ivory crop, the silver spurs, 
and the gold cross-sabres, and other trifles of the sort that 
he had bestowed upon Miss Cunningham in happier days. 
Thus is the pure metal of our finest actions ever combined 
in the coining with base alloy. 

Macintosh had been in love with Miss Cunningham for 
some time, and was so still, though now he had nothing to 
hope. He had had reason to believe at one period of the 
negotiations that he found favor in her sight. Then Barclay 
had come upon the scene, with pull, prospects, and exceeding 
good looks, and from the moment that he presented himself as 
a rival for the notice of Miss Cunningham, Macintosh began 
to lose heart, realizing that, besides being far less blessed in 
personal appearance than the other, he had nothing to expect 
in the future beyond promotion and fogies, in the natural 
course of death and years. 

He put his faith to the test, however, and when it proved 
definitely adverse, he did not go out into the world embit- 
tered and scowling at Barclay, and making a spectacle of 
himself generally. He even continued to put the horses of 
his troop at Miss Cunningham's disposal, though now she 
rode no more with him. Yet, for all that he himself would 
not stoop to putting a spoke in Barclay's wheel, he would 
have been more than human had he not experienced a certain 
secret satisfaction at seeing one placed there — and that by 
Barclay himself. This thing came to pass surprisingly soon, 
and in the following manner. 

Barclay and his lady had a quarrel one day, and, whether 
it was a relapse to habits of his past life (for Barclay was a 
civil appointment) or whether it was merely to drown de- 
spair, certain it was that the lieutenant hied himself down to 
the officers' room and drank more than was good for him— - 
considerably more. This was, of course, in the old days, as 
many as five-and-twenty years ago, before the service, 
down to the last, least commissioned officer, had re- 
formed. Then, finding perhaps that though naughty, 
whisky — even sutler's whisky — was nice, Barclay took to 
drink regularly and all at once ; and for a period of several 
months, except when he was on duty, never drew a sober 
breath. His brother officers shook their heads in decent 
sorrow and said that the poor fellow was going the way 
of many a better man — since it is always the brightest 
who have gone before us, and the dullest who are left 

Now there is one thing which every one has probably 
observed regarding the man who is in his cups the best part 
of the time, which is, that besides being the special care of 
Providence, the War Department looks after him tenderly, 
and his wife is generally his adoring slave. 

Miss Cunningham was not Barclay's wife as yet, to be 
sure, but she would have liked to be, so it came to pretty 
much the same thing, and in proportion as his vice took 
stronger hold upon him, he took stronger hold upon her 
heart. Then her parents interfered, and what with their op- 
position and menaces, and Barclay's entreaties and promises 
of amendment after each new fall, the poor girl had a very 
bad time. Every one was sorry for her. The older officers 
got at Barclay and pointed to hideous examples of what his 
end would be, and to the graves of youths and of old men, 
who had done as he was doing, which dotted the face of 
Texas and of the Territories in general. Barclay was sorry, 
sincerely sorry. He pledged himself to reform — and 
straightway sinned again. 

And here, where all others had failed, Macintosh stepped 
in and achieved success. He had been off on a hunting- 
leave, and had got back to the post just in time to report 
and dress and go over to the mess. Barclay belonged to 
the mess, but he was not there, and Macintosh, looking 
around, asked where he might be. 

" Sick," said the adjutant, laconically. 

" Meaning " 

" Exactly so." 

Macintosh opined that it was a confounded shame, and 
worse, and some one else suggested that it would not mat- 
ter so much if the absent one were only killing himself, but 
that he was killing Miss Cunningham as well. 

" I don't know," objected Macintosh ; " Barclay's a pretty 
decent sort himsel f " 

"Which," interrupted the adjutant, "is both magnani- 
mous and true." 

"And" — continued Macintosh, unheeding — "and there 
are fellows who could be a lot better spared. As far as I've 
observed this is his only fault." 

The adjutant was of the opinion that he made up for a 
good many lesser ones with it, and that it was one, moreover, 
which might not be cured. 

" Oh ! " said Macintosh, more by way of offering opposi- 
tion than from conviction, " 1 don't know about that." 

The others asked if he had ever heard of a bo?ia-jide case 
of reform where there had not been a back-slide. " Of 
course," they argued, "fellows have been known to go on 
the water-wagon, and to turn over a new leaf, and all that 
when there was a girl in view. But the devil never de- 
spairs when a woman marries a man to reform him ; and 
they always go back to the red wine sooner or later. Any 
man, nearly, will swear off when he's in love, but when he's 
in love and can't swear off, he is in a very bad way." And 
they 'vent on to point out at some length how the subject of 
discussion might end up all at once in a general collapse, to 
whic'i finish the air of the country was favorable, or, on the 
otrV hand, might last to a green old age, rank, and the re- 
tire' list. "You can't most always tell," declared one, 
"but, so far as I'm concerned, I should like to see him die 

off early enough for Miss Cunningham to get over it and 
forget all about it." 

11 1," said 'Macintosh, "had rather see him cured." 

" You," observed a captain, with admiration, " must have 
been drawing on the post Sunday-school library. Come 

Whereat all the contrariness of Macintosh's nature was 
roused. " I would," he insisted. Then an idea seemed to 
strike him. " And I'll bet," he added, " that I'll reform 
him, too." 

" Angels have trod there," they assured him, " but it would 
be picturesque to see you rush in. And, by way of incentive, 
we'll bet you a hundred to ten that you won't." 

Macintosh took it, and two months was set as the limit of 
time in which he might show the finished article. " Pro- 
vided, always," he stipulated, " that the C. O. will give me 
another hunting-leave inside of a week." 

This the commandant — the matter being presented to him 
— agreed to do. 

So Macintosh told Barclay of certain magnificent hunting- 
grounds he had discovered on the last trip, and worked on 
his imagination and his sportsmanship ; and they started off 
together, on horseback, with their bedding wrapped in rub- 
ber ponchos, and provisions on a led-horse. Macintosh 
did not want a private or any one else along. 

Barclay, being in a state of new and keen repentance, ab- 
stained from taking a flask along, but Macintosh did not 
believe in foolhardy heroism of that sort, and his saddle- 
bags held two. 

Their way led across an all but interminable waste of 
chaparral. The first day out Barclay drank water. The 
second day he grew drawn and gray, his hand shook, and 
his mouth quivered ; his eyes were very bad. But he stood 
it in silence until they halted at noon under a mesqttite bush. 
Then Barclay gave a great groan ; it was so nearly a sob 
that Macintosh shuddered. He asked what the trouble was, 
but he knew very well. 

" I'd give my eternal soul — if I haven't already — -for a 
drink," he said. " I don't believe I can stand it, old fellow ; 
let's go back." 

But Macintosh refused ; he had come out to be gone 
eight days, and he was going to stay out. "You're two 
days from the post, any way," he reasoned; "and you'd 
either be dead or over it before you got back." 

So Barclay had no choice but to keep on. Macintosh 
said nothing about the flasks in the saddle-bags. He was 
keeping those for possibly a more urgent use. 

At nightfall they came to a settlement in a gulch between 
two bare foothills. It was a deserted settlement, of mining 
origin to judge from a forsaken shaft or two, and if it had 
ever had a name it was as forgotten now as had probably 
been the pony whose skeleton — the legs still hobbled — lay 
across the entrance of the one street, which ran along the 
bottom of the gully and was lined on either side by a dozen 
or more shacks. 

"We can put up in one of those houses to-night," Mac- 
intosh said, cheerfully. " I did when I was here a few 
days ago." 

Barclay, who was in a very bad state by now, and whose 
nerves were agonizing, looked dubious, and said that he 
would prefer to sleep outside under a poncho, as they had 
done the night before. "The places are probably alive 
with centipedes or skunks or something," he complained. 

Macintosh had a career of falsehood opening before him 
for the night in any case, so he entered courageously upon 
it now. He said that the house he had gone into had been 
singularly free from anything of the sort, that it had been 
very comfortable, and that a roof where you could get it was 
indubitably better than the stars. So they cooked their sup- 
per and hobbled their stock, and when the moon rose they 
took their bedding-rolls and went into the shack, which 
appeared to be in the best state of repair, and which had, 
in the town's life-time been its most flourishing saloon. 

Macintosh lit a candle, and set it on what remained of 
the bar. If Barclay had been in a condition to notice any- 
thing besides his own woes, he would have seen that Mac- 
intosh's face was white and his looks anxious. But he only 
unwrapped the poncho with shaking hands, and began to 
spread it in a corner. Then he jumped back and stood 
looking, terror-eyed into the shadow. There was an 
ominous, sharp sound, that died away. 

" Say, Macintosh," he quavered, " there's a rattler in 

Macintosh crossed over to him and laid his hand on his 
shoulder. " I guess not, old fellow," he soothed ; " turn in 
and you'll feel better in the morning." 

Barclay insisted upon the snake, with angry oaths. It 
rattled again as he went a step nearer. " Don't you hear 
it ? " he urged. 

Macintosh shook his head pityingly, sadly. And just 
then something dark and long went sliding slowly over the 
floor. The sensation which stole up Macintosh's back to 
the roots of his hair was not pleasant. " Confound it," said 
Barclay, his voice breaking and high between rage and 
sheer scare, " get that candle and look, if you don't believe 

Macintosh went for the candle, walking circuitously to 
avoid something coiled and beginning to stir, and thereby 
disturbing yet one more, which rattled, too. 

Barclay turned around with a spring. " Perhaps you 
didn't hear that ? " he demanded. 

" Hear what?" asked Macintosh, patiently. 

He brought the candle, and Barclay took it in his hand 
and put it almost at the raised and darting head of a rattler. 
" Maybe you don't see now," he triumphed. 

Macintosh felt like dancing as the tenderfoot does when 
the cow-boy shoots at the floor beneath his feet. He 
wondered if his and Barclay's leggings and boots were surely 
fang-proof. His teeth clicked together, but he only reached 
out and took the candle away. " Come to bed, old fellow," 
he insisted, once more ; " you'll be all right by daylight." 

The sympathy of his tone worked Barclay to frenzy. He 
got into the middle of the room, fairly staggering. The 

candle, held high in Macintosh's hand, threw a circle of 
vague light, and in the circle were no less than eight snakes 
— some coiled, some moving, some raising evil heads, some 
writhing away into the gloom beyond. " Do you mean to 
say you don't see those?" His hand swept an unsteady 

Macintosh steeled himself, and said that he only saw the 

The other stared at him wildly for a moment, then gave 
a howl of terror that froze the blood in Macintosh's temples 
and made him wish that he had left Barclay to go mad in 
his own chosen way. Horrible thoughts began to come to 
him of what would happen if the fellow were to go insane 
here in the midst of the desert, in a forsaken settlement, 
with only hundreds upon hundreds of rattlesnakes every- 
where around. 

" Get me out of this — oh, get me out of this ! " pleaded 
Barclay, starting for the door and stopping short with a 
hiss of fright as a snake shot up its head and rattled. 
Then, in a patch of light which fell on the wall, a centipede, 
big and fat and long, began to crawl, slowly at first and 
more swiftly. His eyes fixed themselves upon it, glassy, 
and he stood perfectly still, his breath coming in sobs and 
gulps. When the crawling thing had disappeared into a 
crack he turned deliberately about. His face showed livid 
and aged and lined. " On your word of honor, Macin- 
tosh," he said, with painful quiet, "are none of those things 
here ? " 

" What things ? " said Macintosh. He looked forward 
over the seven or eight hours of darkness yet to come, and 
wondered whether he or Barclay would go mad first, or, if 
not that, then which would first be stung. But there was no 
way out of it now, no way but to make an eternal enemy, a 
fool of himself, and a fizzle of the whole attempt, not to 
speak of losing his bet. Besides, he was doing a good act. 

So he got Barclay up on top of the bar, and he lit one 
candle as another burned out, and all through the night he 
kept alternately poking up the snakes and insisting that there 
were no snakes there, the while he laid quieting hands on the 
trembling form and looked about him to see that no centi- 
pedes or scorpions should come near. He could have given 
Dante and Milton points. 

But when morning approached he led Barclay, a broken, 
quivering man, out into the empty street, and caught the 
horses and saddled them, while Barclay sat huddled on the 
ground. As the day began to break he turned to him. 
" Would you like to go back, now that it's lighter, and see 
for yourself that there was nothing in there?" he asked. 
If Barclay were to accept, it would spoil the whole thing 
probably, but that had to be chanced. 

" No," said Barclay, and smiled wanly. " I'll take your 
word for it. Only just get me home." 

So they mounted and turned back by the road they had 
come, for it had got beyond all question of Barclay's hand- 
ling a gun. As the sun rose, however, his courage rose 
also, inch by inch. And at last he spoke in quite a normal 
way, so that Macintosh drew a long breath of relief. " See 
here, Macintosh," he said, " I'll make a bargain with you. 
If you'll never tell this on me, I'll never take a drink again." 

And he kept his word, and Macintosh won the hundred, 
and everybody was happy all around. Barclay and Miss 
Cunningham were married and lived happily evermore. 
But Barclay ascribed his reformation to his own power of 
will, Miss Cunningham to her influence over him, and the 
others were divided between these two views. 

And Macintosh got no credit from anybody — as is 
usually the case with reformers — and it was probably just 
what he deserved. Gwendolen Overton. 

San Francisco, January, 1901. 

El Dorado. 
A cripple on the wayside grass, 

I watch the people come and go ; 
To many a fair abode they pass, 

Ladies and knights, a goodly show. 
But though ray lips prefer no sound, 
No less from all men I inquire : 
' Oh, say, I pray you, have you found 
The country of your heart's desire?" 

Some pass with pity for my lot. 

Some pass, nor heed, and others fling 
A glance of scorn that wounds me not, 

Who in ray heart am murmuring : 
' Ah, could you buy, or could I sell. 

How gold and gem, and hall and squire. 
You'd gladly give, like me to dwell 

In the country of the heart's desire ! " 

You travelers in lands afar, 

With that world-hunger in your eyes, 
On every sea your galleys are, 

Your glances dare the darkest skies ; 
Yet for some land unseen, unguessed, 

Your eager spirits faint and tire ; 
I know the country of your quest — 

The country of the heart's desire. 

A sudden terror veils you round, 

You lovers, even as you greet ; . 
So close, so dear, your lives are bound, 

Your spirits have no room to meet. 
Have peace I There is a deeper faith. 

And there is a diviner fire, 
A love more strong than time or death, 

In the country of the heart's desire. 

And friends pass by with loyal mien, 

The)' are together — lonely yet ! 
A subtle barrier between, 

A longing, and a dim regret. 
But they are wholly satisfied, 

And they have done with doubt and ire, 
With grief and parting, who abide 

In the country of the heart's desire. 

My country is a dream, you say? 

Nay, yours are dreams, and they shall cease, 
And vours are visions, day by day 

Wherein you strive to find your peace ! 
But fair, and fadeless, and supreme, 

The home to which all souls aspire, 
The only land that is no dream — 

The country of the heart's desire. 

— May Kendall in Longman's Magazine, 

January 28, 1901. 



Extracts from Lord Rosebery's Sympathetic Study of the Last 

Phase of the French Emperor's Career— How He Passed the 

Weary Days at Longwood — His Conversations. 

In his introductory chapter to his scholarly work on 
11 Napoleon : The Last Phase," Lord Rosebery, the brilliant 
statesman and earnest student, says that in order to obtain a 
general survey of Napoleon as a man, one should study the 
fruitful material which he provided during the six years that 
he spent at St. Helena, when he not merely recorded and 
annotated his career, but afforded a definite and consecutive 
view of himself. " Now," as he said there himself, "thanks 
to my misfortune, one can see me nakedly as I am." Lord 
Rosebery suggests that what he dictated in the way of auto- 
biography and commentary has never, perhaps, received its 
just measure of attention. " People," he says, " seem to 
prefer to drink at any other source than the original. . . . 
They may, no doubt, allege that Napoleon's own memoirs 
are not so spicy as those of some of his servants, and that 
they are by no means to be always relied upon as unbiased 
records of fact. Still, they remain as the direct, deliberate 
declaration of this prodigious human being as to his own 
achievements, and they contain, moreover, commentaries 
on the great captains of the past — Cassar, Frederick, and 
Turenne — which can not be without serious interest to the 
historian or the soldier." 

The first three chapters are devoted to a statement and 
criticism of the sources from which the writer has taken his 
facts. Napoleon had four personal companions at " Long- 
wood," and all but one of them have left memoirs. Las 
Cases, Montholon, and Gourgaud do not tell the same story, 
and they were tormented by mutual jealousies, but what 
they have written furnishes the basis of our information 
about the emperor in his second exile. Bertrand alone, the 
grand marshal and the survivor who placed Napoleon's 
sword upon the pall at the interment in Paris, kept a digni- 
fied silence. Lord Rosebery, however, attaches most im- 
portance to the private journal of Gourgaud, that intense, 
impossible creature who loved Napoleon with what was al- 
most a woman's love ; who was, in fact, as jealous as any 
woman ; and who, when Napoleon praised any of his asso- 
ciates, "went off into a dumb, glowering, self- torturing rage 
which he fuses into his journal ; and yet, by a strange 
' hazard, writing sometimes with almost insane fury about his 
master, produces the most pleasing portrait of Napoleon 
that exists." 

Lord Rosebery admits that Napoleon was a menace to 
the peace of the world, but regrets that the British Govern- 
ment ever undertook the custody of the French emperor, 
and still more that the duty should have been discharged in 
a spirit so ignoble and through agents so unfortunate : 

While he was being deported to St. Helena, the fallen monarch ex- 
erted that extraordinary glamour of which he himself was quite aware. 
He said with confidence that had he gone to England he would have 
conquered the hearts of the English. He fascinated Maitland, who 
took him to England, as he fascinated Ussher, who had conducted 
him to Elba. Maitland caused inquiries to be made, after Napoleon 
had left the Bellerophon, as to the feelings of the crew, and received as 
the result : 

" Well, they may abuse that man as much as they please ; but if the 
people of England knew him as well as we do, they would not touch a 
hair of his head." When he left the Northumberland ', the crew were 
much of the same opinion : ' ' He is a fine fellow, who does not deserve 
his fate." Two of the British naval officers, Hotham and Senhouse, 
were no less impressed. " The admiral and myself," writes Senhouse, 
" have both discovered that our inveteracy has oozed out like the cour- 
age of Acres in ' The Rivals.' " Lord Keith's tribute was even more 
sweeping. " Damn the fellow ! " he said ; " if he had obtained an in- 
terview with his royal highness (the prince regent), in half an hour they 
would have been the best friends in England." 

There are few names in history so unfortunate as that of 
Sir Hudson Lowe, the governor of St. Helena during the 
exile of Napoleon, who, on first seeing him, remarked : 
" His eye is that of a hyena caught in a trap." The Duke 
of Wellington condemned the selection of Sir Hudson 
Lowe, whom he pronounced "a stupid man who knew 
nothing at all of the world, and who, like all men who 
know nothing of the world, was suspicious and jealous." Not 
only did he mount batteries at every commanding position 
on the island, station cruisers in the adjacent waters, and 
post a sentinel at every place where even a dog had been 
seen at any time to pass, but he brooded over the possibility 
of plots and rescues until he became almost a monomaniac. 
On one occasion Napoleon's doctor presented an English- 
man with a snuff-box, and at once the governor pronounced 
the act an act of " infamy" : 

The man seems to have become half-crazy with his responsibility, 
and with the sense that he was an object of ridicule both to the 
French and to his colleagues, while his captive remained the centre of 
admiration and interest, and, in the main, master of the situation. 
He prowled uneasily about Longwood, as if unable to keep away, 
though Napoleon refused to receive him. They had, indeed, only six 
interviews in all, and those in the first three months of his term of 
office. For nearly five years before Napoleon's death they never ex- 
changed a word. 

Half of the trouble of the tactless and unfortunate Lowe 
would have been unknown had he been permitted to address 
his illustrious prisoner as the Emperor Napoleon, but hardly 
had he landed on the island when he sent the following invi- 
tation to Longwood : 

"Should the arrangements of General Bonaparte admit it, Sir 
Hudson and Lady Lowe would feel gratified in the honor of his com- 
pany, to meet the Countess of Loudoun at dinner on Monday next, at 
six o'clock. They request Count Bertrand to make the invitation 
known to him and forward them his reply." The faithful Bertrand did 
make the invitation known to the emperor, who merely remarked, " It 
is too silly ; send no reply." 

This irritation was kept up to the end : 

Hobhouse sent his book on "The Hundred Days" to Napoleon, 
writing inside it, " Imperatori Napoleoni." This, though the inscrip- 
tion, after all, in strictness only meant "To General Napoleon," the 
conscientious Lowe sequestrated. . . . Three weeks before his death 
the sick captive sent Coxe's "Life of Marlborough " as a token of 
good will to the officers of the " XX." regiment. Unfortunately, the 
imperial title was written or stamped on the title-page, and the present, 
under orders of the governor, was declined. In these days the Twen- 
tieth Regiment would perhaps not mind possessing the life of the 
greatest of English generals, given by the greatest of French. This 

pettiness survived even Napoleon himself. On the emperor's coffin- 
plate his followers desired to place the simple inscription "Napo- 
leon," with date and place of his birth and death. Sir Hudson refused 
his sanction to this unless " Bonaparte " were added, but the emperor's 
suite felt themselves unable to agree to the style which their master had 
declined to accept. So there was no name on the coffin. It seems in- 
credible, but it is true. 

Of the entourage of Napoleon in his period of exile, 
Lord Rosebery says : 

At St. Helena the small court that remained were chivalrously sedu- 
lous to observe the strictest forms of etiquette to their dethroned em- 
peror. None of them came to his room without beiDg summoned. 
If they had something of importance to communicate they asked for 
an audience. None uninvited joined him in a walk, and all in his 
presence remained bareheaded, until he became aware that the En- 
glish were ordered to remain covered in speaking to him, when he de- 
sired his followers to do the same. None spoke to him first, unless 
when conversation was in flow. But Bertrand once or twice contra- 
dicted his master so abruptly that the emperor at once remarked it, 
and observed that he would not have dared to behave so at the Tuil- 

There was, indeed, one source of peril, of which both 
Lowe and the French commissioner were well aware, against 
which it was difficult to guard — the personal fascination ex- 
ercised by the captive. Says the Russian commissioner : 

"Everything at St. Helena bears the impress of bis superiority. 
The French tremble at his aspect and think themselves too happy to 
serve him. . . . The English no longer approach him but with awe. 
Even his guardians seek anxiously for a word or a look from him. 
No one dares to treat him as an equal." These alarming facts were 
coupled with the not less alarming good nature of the captive. He 
would go into a cottage, sit down and chat with the people, who would 
receive " Sir Emperor " with awful joy. He would talk to slaves and 
give them money. He threatened, indeed, to become beloved. The 
governor was frightened out of his wits at this new and indefinable 
menace to the security of the island, so he at once retrenched the 
boundaries so that no cottagers could be within them. 

Longwood, Napoleon's habitation, was a collection of 
huts, swept by an eternal wind, shadeless, and damp, and 
overrun with a formidable army of rats. Says O'Meara : 

" I have frequently seen them assemble like broods of chickens 
round the offal thrown out of the kitchen. The floors and the wooden 
partitions that separated the rooms were perforated with holes in every 
direction. ... It is difficult for any person who has not actually heard 
it to form any idea of the noise caused by these animals running up 
and down between the partitions and galloping in flocks in the gar- 
rets." Frequently O'Meara has to defend himself against them with 
his boots and his bootjack. They run around the table while the 
emperor is at dinner, without taking heed of any one. As Napoleon 
takes his hat from the sideboard, a large rat springs out of it and runs 
between his legs. The inhabitants are powerless against them. A 
slave sleeping in a passage had part of his leg eaten off by them. So 
had one of the emperor's horses. Bertrand. while asleep, was bitten 
seriously in the hand. The children had to be protected from them at 
night. Trifling, and indeed diverting as this pest seemed to the dis- 
tant Bathurst, it must have been an odious addition to the petty 
miseries of Longwood. Nor was Bathurst alone in his merriment. 
Among squalid caricatures with which the French press attempted to 
besmirch the memory of their fallen sovereign there are several devoted 
to this topic : Napoleon received by the population of St. Helena — 
the rats ; Napoleon granting a constitution to the rats ; Napoleon 
sleeping at peace because guarded by cat-sentry ; and so forth. 

One of the most entertaining chapters is " The Conversa- 
tions of Napoleon," in which he comments freely on all 
topics. Even of his wives the emperor was not chary of 
talking, nor was he sparing of the most intimate details 
about both : 

He wonders if he ever really loved anybody. If so, it was Josephine 
— a little. She, indeed, almost always lied, but always cleverly except 
with regard to her age. As to that, she got into such a tangle that her 
statements could only be reconciled on the hypothesis that her son 
Eugene was twelve years old when he was born. She never asked 
anything for herself or her children, but accumulated mountains of 
debt. Her greatest defect was a vigilant and constant jealousy. How- 
ever, she was not jealous of Marie Louise, though the latter was ex- 
tremely susceptible as to her predecessor- When the emperor tried 
to take his second wife to see his first, the - former burst into tears, and 
she endeavored by every possible ruse and device to prevent his going 
there. " Marie Louise," he declares. " was innocence itself, and really 
loved him. Had she not been influenced by that wretch [ca?iaille], 
Mme. de Montebello, and by Corvisart, who was a scoundrel 
[miserable], she, too. would have followed him to Elba. And then 
her father has placed that polisson [NeippergJ by her side." This 
is, perhaps, the only avowal which we have from Napoleon, who kept 
up appearances gallantly to the last, that he was aware of his wife's in- 
fidelity ; though Lavallette had informed him of it during the Hundred 
Days, and his suite were all gossiping about the scandal. Still, he always 
praises Marie Louise, and gives, in sum, the following account of her : 
She was never at ease with the French, remembering they had killed 
her aunt, Marie Antoinette. She was always truthful and discreet, 
and courteous to all. even those whom she most detested. She was 
cleverer than her father, whom alone of her family she loved ; she could 
not bear her step-mother. Different in this from Josephine, she was 
delighted when she received ten thousand francs to spend. One could 
have trusted her with any secret, and she had been enjoined at Vienna 
to obey Napoleon in everything. She was a charming child, a good 
woman, and had saved his life. And yet, all said and done, he loved 
Josephine better. 

Josephine was a true woman, she was his choice, they had 
risen together. He loved her person, her grace. " Site 
would have followed me to Elba," he said, with oblique re- 
proach. Had she had a child of his, he would never have 
left her. It would have been better so for her and for 
France. For it was Austria that lost him. But for the 
Austrian marriage and the false sense of security in which 
he was consequently lulled, he would never have made war 
on Russia. He declares that he has made up his mind, 
should Marie Louise die, not to marry again. Considering 
the circumstances in which he was placed and the area of 
choice presented to him at St. Helena, there is something 
half-comic, half-tragic in the declaration. 

The emperor's confidences do not end with his family, for 
he likes to talk of his loves. He has had, as he counts on 
his fingers, seven mistresses in his life. "C'est beaucoup" : 

Of the most famous, Mme, Walewska, to whom at one time he 
seemed to have been sincerely attached (though he thought all Polish 
women addicted to intrigue), he spoke with great attachment. She was 
obtained for him, he declares, by Talleyrand. He avers to Gourgaud, 
when vexed with the general, that when they started for St. Helena, he 
would have given her to Gourgaud as a wife, but not now, such was 
the change of his sentiments. He hears with complacency that she 
has married M. d'Ornano. " She is rich, and must have saved, and I 
settled a great deal on the two children." " Your majesty," says the 
tactless equerry, " paid Mme. Walewska ten thousand francs a month." 
The emperor blushes and asks him how he knows this. " Lord," says 
Gourgaud, "as if 1 were not too close to your majesty not to know 
that sort of thing. Your household knew everything." On another 
occasion Napoleon declared that one of bis main grievances against 
Murat was that King Joachim had sequestrated, in 1814, the Neapoli- 
tan estates of Mme. Walewska. 

He spoke with candor of his relations with Mile. Georges 
and Mme. Grassini, with Mme. Duchatel, Mme. Galliano, 
and a Mme. Pellaprat : 

Of another lady, whose name Gourgaud does not record, but who is 
sufficiently described to be recognized as Mme. Fouies, he says : 
" She was seventeen and I was commander-in-chief t " He was sup- 
posed, when emperor, to disdain female society. He admits the fact 
and explains it. He declares that he was naturally susceptible and 
feared to be dominated by women. Consequently he had avoided 
them, but in this, he confesses, he made a great blunder. Were he 
again on the throne he should make a point of spending two hours a 
day in conversation with ladies from whom he should learn much. 
He had endeavored during the Hundred Days to repair the fault of 
his former indifference. But whatever he may have been in France he 
is diffuse on this topic at St. Helena. When he finds himself en- 
gaged in a gloomy retrospect, he turns the conversation by saying : 
" Let us talk about women," and then, like a good Frenchman, he dis- 
cusses the subject with a zest worthy of Henry the Fourth. During 
one dinner, for example, the conversation turns entirely on the ques- 
tion whether fat women are more admirable than thin. He discourses 
on his preference for fair women over dark. Time had to be killed 

When asked which is his most brilliant victory he is un- 
decided : 

" Austerlitz? Perhaps." he answers. But he has a leaning for 
Borodino. It was superb ; it was fought so far from home. At Aus- 
terlitz was the best army, and at Wagram the largest army that he had 
ever commanded in battle. After Austerlitz the quality of his army 
declined. He recurs with pride to the strategy of Eckmiihl : "That 
superb manoeuvre, the finest that I ever executed," where, with fifty 
thousand men, he defeated one hundred and twenty thousand. Had 
he slept the previous night he could never have won that victory. As 
it was, he had to kick Lannes awake. A commander-in-chief should 
never sleep. It is then that he should work. That is why he used a 
carriage to avoid unnecessary fatigue in the day-time. Joseph lost the 
Battle of Vitloria by his somnolence. A great general is rarely found. 
Of all the generals produced by the Revolution, Desaix and Hoche are 
the only ones, he thinks, who had the makings of one. The campaign 
of Dumouriez in Champagne was extremely fine and bold ; he was the 
only man produced out of the nobility. Kleber, oddly enough, had 
the qualities and defects of a tall man. Turenne is the greatest of 
French generals ; he is the only one who became bolder with old age. 
" He does exactly what I should have donein his place. Had he come 
to me at Wagram he would at once have understood the position. So 
would Conde\ but not Cassar or Hannibal. Had I had a man like 
Turenne to second me in my campaigns I should have been master of 
the world, but I had nobody. When I was absent my lieutenants were 
always beaten. Condg was a general by intuition, Turenne by experi- 
ence. I think much more highly of Turenne than of Frederick. In 
the place of that sovereign be would have done much more, and would 
not have have committed Frederick's mistakes. Frederick, indeed, did 
not thoroughly understand artillery. I count myself for half in the 
battles I have won, and it is much even to name the general in connec- 
tion with a victory, for it is, after all, the army that wins it." Yet he 
sets great store by officers. "A perfect array," he says, on another 
occasion, "would be that in which each officer knew what to do ac- 
cording to circumstances ; the best army is that which is nearest to 

His real hero and model is Alexander : 

It is not merely his campaigns that Napoleon admires, for these one 
can not, he says, well conceive, but his statesmanship. In his thirty- 
fourth year he leaves an immense and well-established empire. He 
had, too, the art of making friends of the people that he conquered. 
It was a great act of policy to go to the temple of Ammon, for it was 
thus that he conquered Egypt. "So I, had I remained in Egypt, 
should probably have founded an empire like Alexander's by going on 
a pilgrimage to Mecca." 

From the foregoing extracts the reader can gain an ex- 
cellent idea of the value and charm of the volume. In 
conclusion we quote a paragraph from Lord Rosebery's 
vivid and convincing summary of the character and temper- 
ament of Napoleon : 

Was he a great man? That is a much simpler question, but it 
involves definitions. If by "great" be intended the combination of 
moral qualities with those of intellect, great he certainly was not. But 
that he was great in the sense of being extraordinary and supreme we 
can have no doubt. If greatness stands for natural power, for pre- 
dominance, for something human beyond humanity, then Napoleon 
was assuredly great. Beside that indefinable spark which we call 
genius, he represents a combination of intellect and energy which has 
never perhaps been equaled, never, certainly, surpassed. He 
carried human faculty to the farthest point of which we have 
accurate knowledge. Alexander is a remote prodigy, too remote for 
precise comparison. To Csesar the same objection is applicable. 
Homer and Shakespeare are impersonal names. Besides, we need for 
comparison men of action and business. Of all these great figures it 
may be said that we do not know enough. But Napoleon lived under 
the modern microscope. Under the fiercest glare of scrutiny he enlarged 
indefinitely the limits of human conception and human possibility. 
Till he had lived no one could realize that there could be so stu- 
pendous a combination of military and civil genius, such comprehen- 
sion of view united to such a grasp of detail, such prodigious vitality 
of body and mind. "He contracts history," said Mme. d'Houdetot. 
" and expands imagination." "He has thrown a doubt," said Lord 
Dudley, "on all past glory ; he has made all future renown impos- 
sible." This is hyberbole, but with a substance of truth. No name 
represents so completely and conspicuously dominion, splendor, and 
catastrophe. He raised himself by the use, and ruined himself by the 
abuse, of superhuman faculties. He was wrecked by the extravagance 
of his own genius. No less powers than those which had effected his 
rise could have achieved his fall. 

The volume is handsomely bound in red and gold, is 
printed on heavy paper, in clear type and wide margins, and 
is supplemented with an appendix, in which Captain Mait- 
land, Senhouse, Bunbury, and Lady Malcom describe 
Napoleon's personal appearance. 

Published by Harper & Brothers, New York ; price, 

-^ * ♦- 

An untimely end to a remarkable career came with the 
death, recently, in Chicago, of George A. Fuller, at the early 
age of forty-nine. Within less than twenty years he had 
invented and demonstrated the practicability of an entirely 
new method of constructing great buildings. His was the 
imagination which conceived the idea of a towering build- 
ing, running up fifteen or twenty stories, and supported by a 
skeleton of steel beams and girders. He was the father of 
the steel-skeleton sky-scraper, and the first building of that 
kind ever built in the world still stands in Chicago, as a 
monument to his skill and daring. Modern sky-scrapers 
are not things of beauty, but they have a certain impress- 
iveness due to their great size, and they admirably serve the 
purposes for which they are designed. They mark a rad- 
ical and epoch-making departure and innovation in archi- 
tectural and constructive methods, and to that extent they 
represent the work of a great creative imagination. Mr. 
Fuller was more than a mere builder. He began as an 
architect, and he had fine artistic taste. He was the poet or 
the romancer of steel beams. The flight of fancy which 
first imagined a cobweb structure of thin steel girders, 
towering up two hundred and fifty feet into the air without 
the support of heavy stone walls, was more daring than can 
be realized by most observers. Structures built upon his 
plan are now common in all cities of this country, and are 
not unknown in Europe. 


January 28, 1901. 


The Parlors of the Noted Teacher of Singine-A Typical French 

Audience-Some Americans Among the Pupils-Emma 

Nevada and Ellen Beach Yaw. 

Every year the United States sends hundreds of students 
here to Paris "to study." There are mature men and 
women among them and half-fledged girls and boys. A 
few are very rich, a great many are very poor, a large num- 
ber are " on a remittance " made up by relatives or friends 
and sent monthly. These remittances run, roughly speak- 
ing from twenty-five to one hundred dollars a month, and 
upon either— and all the sums that fit in between— the 
student can live. 

Of the women and girls, nearly all come to study paint- 
ing or music. The art-students live — almost without an ex- 
ception—in the Ouartier Latin, which contains accommoda- 
tions for every sort of purse. One can live in any old way 
in the Ouartier Latin, and always with a certain degree of 
comforf and with an independence that the United States 
can offer no example of. The musical students are, how- 
ever, much more scattered, living on both sides of the river, 
in Mtels, in pensions, in apartments. The majority, in fact, 
live on the Rive Droit, because the great teachers are almost 
all settled on that side, and the pupils have to be within 
reasonable distance. 

While the United States is sending all forms of talent 
here, the particular branch that seems to be most largely 
represented is vocal music. One hears continually in Paris 
that the best voices are now coming from America, and cer- 
tainly one finds the American everywhere. As a rule, they 
are light, high sopranos, of bird-like quality and great range. 
The possessors of these voices pour into Paris every year, 
with their hopes, their fears, their ambitions, and their 
recommendations, to some famous teacher. Sometimes 
they are discouraged and go home to marry and be heard 
of no more as stars of public life. Sometimes their voices 
break down under the course of study, and they go home to 
become teachers. Sometimes they will not work hard 
enough, and amount to nothing, and don't want to go home, 
and knock about Paris, living any way. And sometimes 
there is no disappointment and no failure, and they become 
that most envied and advertised of women, the successful 
prima donna. 

The most renowned of all these teachers is still Mme. 
Marchesi. I say still, for it is many years since Mme. 
Marchesi first began her work of turning raw singers from 
unheard-of places into prima doniias. Through the hands 
of this remarkable woman — who has given a life-time to the 
work — most of the great singers of the day have passed. 
And she is as energetically engaged as ever in searching out 
the voice of promise and transforming it into the perfect voice, 
in making over the awkward little girl from some distant 
place into the radiant queen of song who will dominate a 
world. Hoping always for this transformaiion, voices and 
their owners are sent to her from anywhere — the interior of 

middle age, not handsome, but of an extremely interesting 
cast of features, with a pale face, strong jaw, and a square 
brow, from which the gray hair was brushed smoothly back 
to fall to the nape of the neck, where it is cut across in a 
straight line. 

Beside him, to turn the leaves, sat that well-known 
pianist who has accompanied so many nervous students that 
in time have become great stars of an unshakable and 
superb composure. Behind them one caught a glimpse of 
Mme. Marchesi, who had been in the hall receiving her 
guests Her small face, with its iron-gray hair, looked in- 
teresting, but calm and alert. On the walls all about her 
hung the pictures of other pupils whom she had sent forth 
from these salons to shake the world with the music that 
poured from their throats. One wondered if among this 
room full of girls there would be any to rival those whose 
photographs, signed with affectionate souvenirs, almost 
covered part of the walls — Gerster, Melba, Calve, Emma 
Nevada, Emma Eames, Saville, Kraus, Sibyl Sanderson 
and Mme. Marchesi's own daughter, the Baronne Cacamisi. 
Of the five woman singers on the programme three were 
sopranos. One, a Miss Parkinson, from Missouri, had a 
most lovely voice, clear, limpid, and youthful. In her white 
muslin dress, made in the simplest fashion, with her hair 
rolled low on her neck and her complexion showing the pink- 
and-white tints of a child, she had the appearance of a girl 
of some seventeen or eighteen years of age. Her manner 
of singing was so easy, fluent, and assured, and her com- 
posure so perfect, that it suggested a long period of training 
or a greater number of years than her appearance told of. 
The last piece on the programme was her duet with one of 
the tenors from the Opera Comique — that delicious one that 
ends the first act of " Manon." This she sang with such a 
flute-like charm and delicacy— the little song beginning 
" Voyons, Manon," being given with a naive freshness that 
was most engaging — that it took the audience by storm, and 
the air was full of admiring French adjectives and little sen- 
tences of praise that ended in sighs of supreme, artistic satis- 

Another singer who won much applause and was even re- 
warded by a murmured compliment from the master at the 
piano, was Ellen Beach Yaw, a Californian from Los 
Angeles, who has made several concert tours of the United 
States, but has come back to Paris to study. Miss Yaw is 
a pretty woman, tall, slender, and very blonde. She was 
dressed picturesquely in a gown of satin and brocade, with 
large, puffed sleeves, her fair hair worn high in a sort of 
Empire head-dress. Her voice is a clear, light, florid 
soprano, with that same bunch of extraordinary high notes 
at the upper end of it that Sibyl Sanderson had. She sang 
two songs, an "Elegie" and a ballad . called "Marquise," 
that were given with unrivaled elegance and finish. 

One of the things that struck the siranger most was the 
attitude of the audience. What a joy it must be to sing be- 
fore a French audience of this description ! To every note 
of the singer's voice the sealed spectators accorded a motion- 
less attention. A phrase well sung was rewarded with the 
faintest murmur, that passed with a soft accompanying rustle 

Australia, the newest towns in the Western United States, | through the two salons. A beautiful note, clear and sus- 

the backwoods of Canada, the steppes of Russia, 

A short time ago, at a musicale given in her hotel in the 
Rue Jouffroi, 1 had the pleasure of hearing some of her 
American pupils, who had gathered together on that day to 
sing selections of Massenet's music to his accompaniment. 
The occasion was a gala one, for Massenet stands acknowl- 
edged as the foremost musician of the group which is 
placing France in the first rank among modern musical 

The programme being a long one, the hour for its com- 
mencement was half-past two, and by that time the two 
parlors were full. Mme. Marchesi, unlike most Parisians, 
has her own hotel, a small but luxurious house — French 
from its shining parquet floors to its painted ceilings. Two 
flights of thickly carpeted stairs, with men servants stationed 
at intervals to draw back curtains and relieve you of wraps, 
led you to the salons — three in number, one opening from 
the other. The last of the three was reserved for the pupils, 
and between it and the second the piano was placed, and be- 
side a slightly raised platform for the singers. 

The two salons back of this were crowded with lines of 
spectators, mostly women, but with here and there a man. 
The air was warm, full of perfume from the masses of 
flowers on stands and tables, and murmurous with softly 
modulated French greetings. New-comers kept arriving 
constantly, and, with a brushing of silks and half-whispered 
words of welcome here and there, rustled in and took the 
vacant chairs. Before the music began there was much 
low-voiced talking, little gloved hands pressed one another 
in welcome, nods were exchanged. The conversation was 
mostly French, but now and then the accents of our native 
land — clear, high, and precise — fell upon the ear. 

From the salons of the guests one looked into the third 
room, also set in rows of chairs, and fast filling with pupils. 
There were many of these, and they seemed to be for the 
most part young girls, though here and there the face of an 
older woman caught your eye. There was a large window at 
the end of the room, and against its great square light this 
bobbing garden of girlish heads, ornamented with every form 
of chignon, puff, and curl, and agitated like a bed of poppies 
played upon by breezes, presented a pretty and picturesque 
effect. The girls were dressed in all sorts of costumes, 
evidently what best suited their ideas and their purses. 
Some were handsomely attired, others very simply, and sev- 
eral were got up with that eye to the picturesque effect which 
is so prominent a characteristic of the artistically inclined. 

When Massenet took his seat at the piano, a faint but dis- 
tinct rustle passed through the two salons as the spectators 
leaned back in their chairs, prepared to listen. The mur- 
mur ■ .f conversation that had been rising and falling for the 
last fifteen minutes instantly ceased. Among the pupils the 
heads bobbed and swayed excitedly for a space, then settled 
irit motionless tensity of observation. Seen thus at the 
pian the composer looted a square-set, powerful man of 

tained, called forth a little storm of admiring adjectives 
rising in quick, but smothered staccato. At the end of a 
\ piece that had been well given throughout, applause burst 
I forth, not in the form of hand-clapping but in loudly 
spoken " Bravos ! " and all those expressive and graceful 
I words the French use when they are pleased — " Charmant ! " 
I " Ravissant ! " " Delicieuse ! " " Quelle belle voix ! " etc. 
The long and elaborale programme filled over an hour 
I and a half, after which there was a general reception and 
many good things to eat. The three salons were crowded 
with guests exchanging salutations, congratulating the 
singers, and trying to find their hostess, who was be- 
sieged by an admiring crowd. One heard many languages, 
and English nearly as much as F>ench, especially among 
the pupils, who, though representing a great many nations, 
seemed to have a majority of Americans among their 

In this rustling, well-dressed, and brilliant mass of people 
there were many whose names, at least, are well known on 
the other side of the water. The widow of Ambroise, the 
celebrated composer, was there, dressed conspicuously in 
complete black. She appeared a very old lady, small, dig- 
nified, and with high, prominent features. Massenet greeted 
her reverentially with a kiss on the brow, and placed her in 
a seat of honor near the piano. Sitting close beside him 
was the blind Grand Duke of Hesse, who is devoted to 
music and well known as a connoisseur and critic. He 
was a small, inconspicuous-looking man, neither very dis- 
tinguished nor striking in appearance, and quite blind. 

To Californians the most interesting woman would un- 
doubtedly have been Mme. Nevada, their own prima donna. 
She looked very well, young and girlish, in a costume of the 
fashionable Venetian red, with a red hat turning back from 
her face and trimmed with some flowers of the same color. 
She is preparing now to fill her engagement at The Hague, 
where she is to sing at the queen's marriage and afterward 
make a tour through the country. She was accompanied 
by her husband, Dr. Palmer, and her daughter, Mignon, 
who, though only fourteen, is taller than her mother. She 
is a fine-formed, handsome girl, with a real California com- 
plexion and blonde hair worn in curls. Though so young, 
she has already shown great promise in many paths. She 
sings now with remarkable finish, and composes music. 
She writes, in both French and English, songs, poems, and 
stories. Her latest piece of work is a play in four acts, 
which the great Sarah, always on the lookout to encourage 
youthful talent, wishes to read and criticise. Altogether, at 
this young woman's birth the fairies were present, and were 
very generous with their gifts. Geraldine Bonner. 
Paris, December 29, 1900. 


It is reported from Rome that, in response to Queen- 
Dowager Margherita's earnest petition, the Pope has au- 
thorized the parish priest of the district to bless her new 
palace. Coming at the present moment, when the clerical 
and anti-clerical feeling is running high in Rome, the con- 
cession is causing a good deal of comment. 

Mrs. John W. Mackay, who has just saved the Church of 
St. Joseph from sale in Paris by paying an indebtedness of 
twenty thousand francs, has been long known as one of the 
most generous benefactors of Roman Catholic institutions 
in Europe. The present gift is in memory of her son, 
John W. Mackay, Jr., who lost his life in 1895 by a. fall 
from his horse in Paris. 

An examination of the list of decorations of the Legion of 
Honor bestowed on Americans in connection with the Paris 
Exposition shows all the officers of the United States com- 
mission to the exposition, all the directors, two women mem- 
bers, and M. H. de Young, president of the national com- 
mission, as well as thirteen American representatives of 
various juries and twenty-one exhibitors. 

By command of the German emperor, his brother, Prince 
Henry, has taken up his residence in Berlin with his wife 
and family, and will remain there during the winter season. 
The prince is being instructed in the mysteries of the work- 
ings of the foreign office, and is also to study other branches 
of government for the next few months ; after which it is 
expected that he will receive a responsible post. 

The vacancies caused by the resignation of Professors 
Howard and Spencer of Stanford University are to be filled 
by Instructors Gaillard Thomas Latsley and Joseph Parker 
Warren. Mr. Latsley was graduated from Harvard College 
in 1S95. In his college course he won distinction by writing 
very clever verse for the college publication and by getting 
high honors in history. Joseph Parker Warren is a Boston 
man, and a graduate of Boston Latin School and Harvard 
'96. The year after his graduation he was sent to the 
University of Pennsylvania. He was to have received the 
degree of Ph. D. this year. 

The first issue of Colonel Bryan's new paper, the Com- 
moner, made its appearance on Wednesday, January 23d, 
and will be published on every Wednesday thereafter. The 
lower floor of a fifty-foot-front brick building, three blocks 
from the centre of business of Lincoln, Neb., has been 
rented, and the contract for the type-setting and printing let 
to a local publishing house. His brother, C. W. Bryan, will 
be the business manager of the publication, but no other 
member of his staff will be announced for some time. The 
first issue is largely the product of Mr. and Mrs. Bryan's 
pens, and contains no advertising. 

Ed Seebohm, who lives a short distance down the Ohio 
River from Parkersburg, W. Va., has written home from 
Dawson City, Alaska, telling about an election which was 
held there about the first of November. The votes were 
received at the office of a newspaper, and all Americans in 
Alaska were allowed to vote. The result was that there 
were 3,357 votes cast, of which William J. Bryan received 
2,423, and William McKinley 934. Having received the 
largest number of votes cast, Mr. Bryan will receive a 
souvenir in the shape of a nugget from the Klondike. It is 
of solid gold and is valued at $500. 

The Spree, at Berlin, was frozen over so suddenly January 
4th that the ice inclosed thirteen of the city's swans, and the 
fire department was called out to release them. 

If a meeting between President McKinley and President 
Diaz upon the borders of their respective countries is finally 
arranged for when the Presidential party comes West next 
May, it will be a most interesting and significant occasion. 
Nearly every year it is announced that President Diaz is to 
make a visit to the United States, and various reasons are 
later assigned for the abandonment of the trip. The con- 
stitution of Mexico prohibits the president of that republic 
from leaving his country during his term of office. How- 
ever, there are numerous precedents for temporary suspen- 
sion of even far more important constitutional provisions 
than this, for the fundamental law of Mexico is a flexible 
document, subject more to the will of the president and con- 
gress than that of the United States. 

Cadet Edward N. Johnston, who will be graduated at the 
head of the West Point class of 1901 at the end of this 
month, was appointed from Oregon, and entered West 
Point in June, 1897. He is twenty-four years of age and 
the tallest man in his class. He went before the examining 
board on crutches, his horse having fallen on him in the 
riding-hall some time ago and injured his right leg. Cadet 
Johnston stands first in natural and experimental philosophy, 
third in chemistry and chemical physics, first in drill regu- 
lations, eleventh in drawing, and sixth in conduct. His de- 
merits up to last May were only thirteen. Johnston will 
get first choice, after receiving his commission, in the 
Engineer Corps, and will spend several years after gradua- 
tion from West Point studying at the Engineer School, 
Willets Point. 

Seldom has there been such universal condemnation of 
the utterances of a public man as greeted the recent address 
of the Duke of Norfolk to the Pope, expressing hope of the 
restoration of the temporal independence of the Pontiff. 
Bitter as have been the denunciations of the Italian press 
(says a London correspondent), the comments of the Lon- 
don newspapers have been quite as caustic. " Nothing 
could be more contemptible than the Duke of Norfolk's 
behavior," says the Daily News. " If the Italian Govern- 
ment had known he was visiting Rome for the purpose of 
protesting against its presence in its own capital it would 
have been perfectly justified in stopping him at the frontier. 
Not content with insulting the King of Italy and the people 
of Rome, his despicable address also condemned the tolera- 
tion of Italian Protestants by the Italian Government. It 
would be difficult for an English Catholic to sink lower." 

JanPary 28, tgoi. 



The Wife of John Hays Hammond Addresses the Century Club-- 

Settlement of the Transvaal— Incoming of the Uitlanders— 

Misapplication of Taxes— The Franchise Law. 

In her address before the Century Club on January 9th 
Mrs. John Hays Hammond, the wife of the noted American 
mining expert, had many interesting things to say of the 
Boers, President Kriiger, the South African Republic, and 
the grievances of the Uitlanders. Mrs. Hammond did not 
touch on the international and political points at issue, such 
as treaties, conventions, and questions of suzerainty, but se- 
lected the human side of the subject as the proper one to 
choose for a woman speaking to women. 

Of the Uitlanders, who they weie, and how they came 
into the country, she can speak with authority, for she was 
herself an Uitlander for three years and was forced to en- 
dure some trying days just after the failure of the Jameson 
raid, in iSy6, when the life of her husband was at the mercy 
of the burghers. It will be remembered that Mrs. Ham- 
mond published her experiences of this stirring period in an 
interesting volume entitled "A Woman's Part in a Revo- 

To understand the Transvaal Boer of to-day, Mrs. Ham- 
mond said in her address, it is necessary to remember his 
past, for, like other primitive people, he shows with distinct- 
ness the marks of his mold : 

"Cape Town was founded in 1652, by a colony of Dutch sailors 
under the leadership of a small, fiery-tempered, ship's surgeon named 
Jan Van Riebeek. Their object was to make of this point a port of 
call for the fleet of ships belonging to the Dutch East India Company, 
on their way to and from the East Indies. That voyage was long, 
covering many months, and often ships would arrive at their ports 
with half of their crew dead for lack of vegetable food and good 
water. It was to supply these great needs that Cape Town took its 
first form in a fort, surrounded by vegetable gardens. These first 
settlers, who grew garden-truck and retired into the fortress by night 
for protection from the natives, were not of the Argonaut type, nor of 
pioneer courage ; they were of common stock — sea-faring men, mostly 
— and of the class who drift out into new countries more from lack of 
home attachment than from a spirit of adventure, and, possibly, also 
tempted by the free passage." 

Thirty-seven years later, or in 16S9, the first settlers were 
joined by a band of some three hundred French Huguenots, 
who had found a temporary refuge in Holland ; and from 
the blend of the two people sprang the Boer : 

" In the process of this amalgamation it was the sturdier Dutch 
characteristics which survived, the finer fibre of the French Huguenots 
rapidly disappearing. Even the mother language was lost to them, 
only traces of it now remaining in family names, such as Joubert, De 
Villiers, Cronje, and others. The colonists thrived and increased in 
numbers, and spread from the original place of settlement into the 
neighboring country. When they had fully occupied the small strip 
of fertile laDd along the coast, they moved up into the drier regions be- 
yond, and there took to cattle-raising as their livelihood. The thin 
pasturage made vast stretches of ground necessary for the support of 
the Boer's herds, while the varying rain seasons of the different regions 
caused him to move his flock from place to place, following the fresh- 
ening of the sparse grass, and long before the great trek into the Trans- 
vaal, these wondering cattlemen had earned for themselves the name 
of Trek- Boers, from the habit of trekingor wandering from place to 
place. From all this resulted a steady moving onward of the Boers, a 
constant enlargement of the lands claimed or won by them. It was a 
lonely, hard, and nomadic life, with recurrent conflicts with the hordes 
of natives whose territory they were invading and whose children they 

The Boers soon lost all touch with the mother countries 
from which their first settlers had come, and lived on 
through their quiet days, "uncoveted by foreign nations." 
Until 1834. the history of the colony was dull and unevent- 
ful : 

" There were occasional forays against the natives to recover looted 
cattle, a gradual stretching out of the settlers further afield in quest of 
richer pasturage for their herds, but there was no spirit of the ex- 
plorer in their homely breasts. In the great political game of the 
world the little colony was merely a pawn ; and that it was shifted 
from Dutch to British rule three times within nineteen years affected 
the Boer less acutely than did his local troubles with the native Hot- 
tentots and Bushmen. Living in isolation on his lonely farm or 
pasture, sole master of his family, his slaves, and his herds, the Boer 
became more and more an autocrat, recognizing no laws save those of 
his own impulse. In many ways he grew despotic and degenerate." 

Of any control or government he has always been im- 
patient. History has proved this to be the dominating 
feature of his character : 

"Once under the Dutch East India Company the people had re- 
volted ; and with the emancipation of their slaves by Great Britain in 
1834 the Boers again revolted, and, I must admit, with some justice 
on their side ; for, although emancipation was undoubtedly a rightful 
measure, there was much mismanagement in the payment of the moneys 
awarded by Great Britain for the slaves who were set free. The 
natural disaffection of the Boer against any governing control became 
thus accentuated to a degree that brought open rupture, and the so- 
called ' Great Trek ' was the result. Within two years from 6.000 to 
10,000 people seceded from the colony. Selling in haste and at much 
sacrifice their homes and possessions not easily transported, they 
gathered together their families and cattle and set forth in little 
bands, the women and children crowded into cumbrous, canvas- 
covered wagons drawn by oxen. With scant food and small supply of 
water, surrounded by hostile tribes, these dogged Vortrekkers wan- 
dered on through wastes of arid land, sweltering under a brazen sun 
by day, tented at night by a black and silent sky. For more than 
twenty years they wandered on, in search of their land of Canaan, 
leaving solitary graves to mark their course, for privation, fever, and 
native assegais claimed a heavy toll. 

" In the gloom and loneliness of their surroundings, superstition 
grew and ignorance deepened. In ceaseless fights against wild beasts 
and savages, the courage of the Trekkers became tinctured with cun- 
ning. Habits of cleanliness inherited from their Dutch forefathers 
and the spirit of thrift which came from their French ancestry were 
thrown aside as useless burdens on that long and painful march. The 
Transvaal Boer of to-day was evolved — uncleanly, improvident, cruel 
to the weak, crafty with the strong, ignorant, superstitious, strong in 
family affection, but lacking attachment to any special locality. Hon- 
esty and truthfulness toward others were virtues unknown to him, for 
with others be had little or no dealings." 

In the district now known as the Orange Free State a 
part of the caravan branched off for Natal, a well-watered 
fertile land to the east, which promised good grazing. 
Other Boers settled across the Vaal River, and called their 
country the Transvaal : 

"They went there following the summer rains — for rain in South 
Africa is the life-giver, as it is in our own Arizona and New Mexico. 
They fought their way into the Transvaal through opposing native 
tribes. They made their clearings, built their homes of sun-dried 
bricks, smearing the earthen floors with beefs blood to harden them 
planted a few mealies and a little tobacco for home consumption 

fenced in an inclosure to protect their cattle at night, and sat down to j 
idleness and contentment, varied only by an occasional marauding ex- ' 
pediu'on against the natives, to avenge, or to indulge in cattle-lifting. 
Such was a true picture of the early Transvaaler, and it is equally true 
of him to-day. He was, and continues to be, impatient of all laws, 
even those of his own people. He had gone into the wilderness not as 
a pioneer of any government, but as a seceder from all governments, 
and he clings to bis individual independence. He is a farmer only in 
name. There is no marketing or interchange of his produce. He 
cooperates with his fellows only in wars against natives or foreign 
armies, when imminent and personal danger make cooperation neces- 
sary. He loves tp live by himself — beyond eye-shot of his neighbor. 
These were the people among whom came the Uitlanders." 

The discovery of diamonds, in 1S69, at what is now Kim- 
berly, in Griqualand West, aroused an international interest 
in South Africa, and the discovery of gold in the Leyden- 
burg district of the Transvaal, in 1882, augmented the influx 
of foreigners, or Uitlanders : 

"There came in men of every nationality — English, French, Ger- 
mans, and Americans. Few women came with the first waves of immi- 
gration, but, four years later, when the great gold reefs of the Witwaters- 
rand had been opened and the tide of immigration had fairly set in, 
family men promptly sent back home for their wives and children. 
There was every inducement, in a salubrious climate and wide busi- 
ness opportunies, for home-making men to select this country for an 
abiding-place. . . . Johannesburg grew up on the Rand as a necessary 
trade-centre and a place of assembly. In 1896 it was a city of about 
one hundred thousand inhabitants — as large as Los Angeles and nearly 
twice as large as Oakland. The mines march right through the heart 
of the town, and there is scarcely a point in it from which the tall stack 
of some mining-mill is not visible. Those of us who lived there lived 
with our pulses pitched to the throb of the mine batteries. When I 
left there, six months after the Jameson raid, the gold in the ground 
and still unmined was estimated, within the limits of practical work- 
ing, to be three thousand millions of dollars, which is about two-thirds 
of the total amount of gold in use to-day in the world. There was 
work ahead for generations of miners. You will see from this that the 
advent of the Uitlanders was not a sudden or temporary scramble for 
treasures strewn upon the ground. The population of Johannesburg 
included all classes and conditions of men — a few capitalists, many 
mining engineers, doctors, and other professional men. and a large 
number of clerks, book-keepers, store-keepers, carpenters, masons, 
mine foremen, stable-men, skilled artisans, and the usual proportion of 
the vicious and disreputable." 

Between the Boers and the Uitlanders there was no ill- 
feeling ; their lines of life were too far separated for friction : 

"The personal relations between the two were perfectly friendly. 
Mining claims in the Transvaal are not subject to preemption by right 
of discovery (like our California mines), but were acquired wholly by 
purchase, in methods fixed by the Boer government. The Boer, with his 
jnbred indolence, had no inclination to work the mines himself, and, 
with characteristic indifference to the land upon which he lived, was 
glad to sell his farm to the Uitlander as a mining claim, and ready to 
move on to other pastures." 

The existing government was of a crude and patriarchal 
type, utterly unsuited to the new situation : 

" In fact, of government up to that time there had been practically 
none. The state was unable to collect its taxes, for the Boers would 
not pay them ; the treasury was chronically empty ; the few govern- 
ment officials did not receive their salaries ; the pasturage of the 
country was scant and uncertain ; and the Boer farmers were ever 
ready to trek off to better pastures in the north and east and to leave 
the Transvaal officials to shift for themselves. Neither President 
Kriiger nor his Boers had the education or experience which would 
enable them to work out the questions which arose when the Uit- 
landers came in. A very small percentage of the Boers could even 
read or write. Technical skill to formulate and run a plan of govern- 
ment was needed, and, lacking this at home, Kriiger looked abroad 
for tools that he might hire, and found them in Holland. You can 
readily understand that by this method he was not likely to secure 
men of patriotism, or even of worthy purpose. These placemen, in 
fact, became the curse of the country. Their aim has ever been their 
own personal advancement and the maintenance of their own scheme 
of government ; and to these they have sacrificed the welfare of the 
country they were serving." 

The problem facing Mr. Kriiger and his oligarchy did 
not interest the mass of the Boers ; they were off tending 
their herds of cattle on their new pasture grounds : 

" Laws and government did not concern them. They cared little 
for what the president and his associates might be doing with the pur- 
chasers of the gold fields, and felt small interest in the huge and be- 
wildering mass of people and supplies which were coming in. This 
apathy of the burghers made it easier for the few who were engineering 
the new government to steer in the direction which would bring the 
most pecuniary benefit to themselves and favorites, and Mr. Kriiger 
and his councilors very soon yielded to the temptation which the 
situation brought. Where gold was so plenty, the temptation to 
absorb a part of it was beyond their power of resistance." 

A kind of system of levying tribute on the Uitlander 
class was inaugurated in the very beginning : 

" Exclusive concessions were granted to men having close but secret 
connection with government officials ; and to these was given control 
of the principal commodities of importance to the mines. 

" The first of these grants was the railroad monopoly whereby the 
Netherlands Railway Company (a syndicate of the Hollanders who 
had been brought out to the country) was granted the exclusive right 
to build and maintain railroads in the Transvaal. No one else but 
this company could build a railroad in any part of the state ; and the 
Netherlands Company, with the monopoly wholly in its hands, was 

■ able to charge what rates it chose, without fear of competition or con- 
1 trol. For the sixty miles between Johannesburg and the Vaal River 
I (which is the southern border of the state), rates were charged which 
I were higher even than would have been the cost of transportation by 
I ox-carts. The general railroad rate in the Transvaal was twenty-four 
i cents per ton per mile — which was, I am told, from ten to fifteen times 
1 the rates which prevail in the United States — or $14-40 a ton between 
1 Johannesburg and the border. You can imagine how such rates as 
I these added to the cost of living, and tended to paralyze the mining 

industry of the Rand. Hay was $65 per ton ; butter St-75 a pound." 
Having once yielded to the tempter, the government 
I found it easy to yield again. They next turned their atten- 
] don to the dynamite question : 

" This was a serious question, at least to the miners. Every miner 

had to use dynamite. It was a large factor in all the mining work. 
I . . . The government clique created a monopoly of the dynamite 

business, granting to a syndicate of German and Holland capitalists 
I (friends of the placemen who were running the government), the ex- 
1 elusive right to manufacture and sell dynamite within the state. 
I They had, in decency, to give a plausible excuse for this, and accord- 
| ingly said that their action was intended to protect home industry and 
, promote the manufacture of dynamite within the country ; but for 
j years after the monopoly was created, indeed up to today, none of 
I the dynamite sold down there has been manufactured within the 

■ country. • - ■ The Uitlanders paid $3,000,000 more per year for their 
explosives than they could otherwise have got them for. Kriiger and 

' other officials of the government shared in the profit of this, as they 

, did of the railroad monopoly." 

But the granting of monopolies was not the only means 

1 available to the government clique for extorting from the 

j Uitlanders a share of their possessions : 

I " There was also the opportunity of collecting taxes in the name of 
the state. Taxes were therefore laid on everything, and at increasing 
rates. In 1881 the total revenue of the government had been $315,000. 
In 1898, by use of an ingenious scheme of taxation, the revenues had 
risen to $20,000,000. California, with a population of one and a half 1 

millions, has a revenue of $6,000,000 ; while the Transvaal, with a 
population of two hundred and fifty thousand, collected taxes of $20,- 
000,000. All of this, or at least ninety-five per cent, of it, came from 
the Uitlanders, not from the burghers ; for Mr. Kriiger was careful 
that no part of the burden of his taxation should fail upon the burghers 
whose arms he might need to keep the Uitlanders in subjection. Six 
millions of our $20,000,000 of tax money was used in increasing the 
salary list of the government officials, a list which required less than a 
quarter of a million dollars twelve years before. And what did we get 
in return for our tribute ? None of the things we had reason to de- 
mand. We were not even privileged to control the administration of 
the city which we had built, and in which no Boers resided excepting 
the government and railroad officials." 

Drainage, policing, control of the liquor evil, schooling 
for their children — everything that should have been provided 
to make life endurable — was withheld from the Uitlanders : 

" The city water supply was under the control of a company who sup- 
plied water impure in quality and scant in quantity, This was particu- 
larly severe on the poor, who were unable to buy mineral water, for to 
drink the town water was a sure cause of enteric trouble. Bitter com- 
plaint was made to the government, and an English and American com- 
pany offered to bring in a supply of pure water for less expense, but 
they were refused the right. The original water company had been 
granted the monopoly by the government. Another cause of distress 
was the unsanitation of the town. Johannesburg was undrained. We 
had beautiful homes, but the ordinary decencies could not be obtained. 
Garbage was thrown in the open street, and a bucket system prevailed 
for private use. These buckets belonged to no particular house, were 
freely interchanged, and caused typhoid fever and other contagious dis- 
eases to sweep like wild-fire through a locality. Complaint was again 
made to the government, but the bucket company was another official 
monopoly, and matters remained as they were. In 1893 the death rate 
of Johannesburg was fifty-nine in one thousand. At this rate the entire 
population would be dead in sixteen years. This is appalling when 
you recollect that the people of Johannesburg were mostly men and 
women in the prime of life. Then there was the school question, 
which sorely tried those of us who had children, especially the less 
well-to-do of the community. Three hundred and fifteen thousand 
dollars was set apart by the government for the support of the public 
schools, and of this sum we contributed more than three-fourths. But 
no English was taught. Our children were obliged to learn their his- 
tory, anthmeiic, and geography in Dutch, or to do without schooling." 

The illicit sale of liquor to the natives was another source 
of trouble and of danger as well. Complaints and protests 
from the Uitlanders to the government were frequent, 
almost constant. Delegation after delegation was sent to 
Pretoria to lay the matter before the executive and to secure 
reform, but every effort was futile : 

" It soon became evident to the Uitlanders that, if they were ever to 
be set free from the system that was oppressing them, a vote in the 
selection of the government officials was essential, and this became, 
therefore, their main and central object. Kriiger and his associates 
were shrewd enough, however, to understand that the enfranchisement 
of the Uitlanders, who outnumbered the Boers, would end the spolia- 
tion that was being practiced, and they were as cunning in preventing 
the enfranchisement as they had been in developing their scheme of 

Of the shifting of the franchise law by Kriiger from time 
to time, so as to enable him to " keep ahead of the 
game," Mrs. Hammond said : 

" Please keep in mind the fact that Kriiger became president in 
1882, and has remained president ever since. Up to 1881, residence of 
one year qualified any settler to full burgher privileges, with the right 
of voting. In i832, when the first gold fields were discovered, five 
years' residence was required and the residence had to be proved by 
the field-cornet's book, and as the field-cornet rarely knew how to write 
and never kept a book, this proof was difficult to produce. In 1890, a 
new franchise law was passed. By this time a considerable number of 
Uitlanders who had come in with the development of the Rand in 
1886 and 1887 had been nearly long enough in the country to have the 
qualifications which were required by the law of 1882. If they were to 
be kept from voting, a change in the law must be made. Accordingly, 
by the law of 1890. fourteen years of residence were required. The 
applicant bad besides to be at least forty years old, a member of the 
Protestant Church, and an owner of landed property in the Transvaal, 
In 1894, further requirements were added. The major part of the 
burghers of the applicant's ward had to signify their approval in 
writing. The personal good will of the president and executive was 
also to be obtained. Then, all these conditions accepted, the would-be 
burgher was called upon to renounce his allegiance to his own country 
five years before he could be enfranchised, and to float for these five 
years between the devil and the deep sea, a man without a country. 
Each of these changes was made to apply not only to those who might 
come into the country in the future, but to those who had come in 
before and who had become, by past residence, nearly qualified to re- 
ceive the franchise under the law in force when they came in. Each 
change was designed to forestall applications which seemed imminent 
under the existing law." 

It was not the English immigrants, particularly, by whom 
these grievances were felt, or to whom the oppressions were 
applied : 

"French, German, English, and Americans, all alike were Uit- 
landers, even the Boer immigrant from Cape Colony. Even children 
born in the country had not, as they grew up, the rights of citizen- 
ship, unless they were born of burgher parents, but would have to go 
through the same process of naturalization as their foreign - born 
parents. Only the original trekkers, and those who had joined them 
before a certain date, were burghers and could vote. It was as if 
California had tried to limit its government to the Society of Pioneers 
and their descendants." 

Kriiger's next move was to take precautions against the 
Uitlanders rising in rebellion against this tyranny : 

" He prohibited them by law from bearing or keeping arms, for any 
purpose whatsoever. He built forts commanding the town of Johan- 
nesburg, and he supplemented this by an official distribuu'on of arms 
among the Boers, so that he might have an efficient constabulary with 
which to check any violent uprising. And to keep the Boer constabu- 
lary themselves content and obedient to his call, while the officials 
were reaping their golden harvest, their taxes were made light, and 
Mr. Kriiger amused them with homely parables. His government, in 
other words, had become an armed oligarchy. ... I know that much 
sympathy with the Boers has been aroused in America, and probably 
amongst you, by their name of ' South African Republic ' ; but you 
probably now realize how little of a republic they really had. They 
had happened on a catch-word when they chose the name of their 
state ; but they lost the last traces of republicanism when their presi- 
dent joined hands with the mercenary officials he had imported. There 
was no equality ; no personal freedom. There was heavy taxation, 
but no representation. The laws of the land were on a sliding scale, 
and were altered from time to time, not in good faith, but to sustain 
the game which the government clique was playing. There was no 
bill of rights, no Magna Charta in the English sense, no constitution 
in our sense. Their so-called constitution (or crondwet) was as un- 
stable as any other law of their country, and was altered, or even sus- 
pended, by a mere majority vote of their Volksraad, whenever this was 
directed by Kriiger and his colleagues." 

In conclusion Mrs. Hammond said : '* His government 
violated every civilized principle, every human right. In 
struggling to maintain it he was fighting against nature. An 
upheaval, a revolution, an invasion, a change in some way 
was inevitable. The structure Kriiger had erected was 
bound to be overthrown. In his stubbornness he seems 
to have made up his mind that, when it fell, his country 
should fall with it." 


January 28, 1901. 


A Novel of Gray Skies. 
Ada Cambridge has written several novels that 
deserve the favor with which they were received, 
and her latest story, "Path and Goal," has all of 
their charm, but, unfortunately, it is pervaded by a 
gloomy air, and at the end a life that has seen 
much more of disappointment than happiness goes 
out in a vain struggle. Her hero is a young 
physician, who comes to a cathedral town to take 
up the practice of the old doctor who is about to 
retire. He makes many acquaintances in a short 
time, naturally, and three girls are presented whose 
attractions are sufficient to make him hesitate be- 
fore he decides which one is best suited to his taste. 
Before he chooses, one is whisked away on account 
of a mysterious illness and the second accepts a 
rich brewer's son in pique, leaving the field clear 
for the third, who makes the capture. This young 
person, however, is looking for the best the market 
affords, and in a few days she throws over the 
physician for the curate who unexpectedly comes 
in for a fortune. Then the doctor devotes himself 
to bringing up a deserted child, who is really the 
daughter of his first love, and the little girl is a lov- 
able tyrant in the household for years. Just as her 
guardian makes up his mind that her affection is 
more than that of a daughter, she marries a young 
steamship officer. Finally, the woman who had 
taken the brewer returns, a widow, and there is a 
little promise of sunshine, but the sky does not 

The story is well told, the characters well drawn, 
and the interest fairly well sustained throughout, but 
the impression it leaves is not a cheerful one. 

Published by D. Appleton & Co., New York ; 

price, $1.00. 

French Landscapes and Portraits. 
Henry James wrote, about sixteen years ago, a 
number of sketches of travel in France that were in 
some particulars quite as pleasing as any of the 
many pleasing chapters that have come from his 
pen ; but the volume was not illustrated, though the 
author intended that it should be, A new edition 
has been brought out, and the book now contains 
nearly seventy good engravings, from drawings by 
Joseph Pennell. It is only necessary to say that this, 
•' A Little Tour in France," covers some of the most 
attractive and romantic ground, and that Mr. James 
draws from his notebook with such discretion that 
the reader would willingly linger at view-points that 
are given little attention. Tours, Chambord, La 
Rochelle, Poitiers, Toulouse, Carcassonne, Taras- 
con, Aries, and Dijon — there is romance and remi- 
niscence in all these names, and the tourist has 
illuminated them all with his fancy. The work of 
the artist is worthy of the letter-press accompanying 
it, impressive and individual. 

Published by Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston ; 
price, S3. 00. 

A Volume of Translated Short Stories. 
Paul Bourget is not the most successful of the 
modern French writers whose fiction is sometimes 
essay and sometimes poetry in prose, but his work 
is notable. William Marchant has translated his 
latest volume, " Drames de Famille," and it is 
presented in English under the title, " Domestic 
Dramas." Three stories are contained in the book, 
" The Day of Reckoning," " Other People's Lux- 
ury," and " Children's Hearts." The first and last 
of these arc short, while the second covers nearly 
two hundred pages, and is more elaborate in plan 
and execution. It describes the career of a Parisian 
newspaper man, who, early in life, became a hus- 
band and the willing drudge of an exacting mate. 
His aspirations for himself and for his daughter are 
pictured with art, and there is humor and pathos in 
the story. The views of French home-life are drawn 
with knowledge and skill, and their interest can not be 
denied. The translator's work has been well done. 
Published by Charles Scribner's Sons, New York ; 
price, $1.50. 

Personal and Miscellaneous Gossip. 
Winston Churchill's new book, "The Crisis," will 
be issued shortly by the Macmillan Company. 
" Richard Carvel," it seems, was written as the 
first of a series of novels, which, while unrelated in 
dramatis persona:, and in no sense linked together 
as to story or plot, have a certain historical sequence 
of subject. In "The Crisis" Mr. Churchill takes 
up the story of Richard Carvel's great-great-grand- 
daughter, by name Virginia Carvel, living in St. 
Louis. The hero is a young New Englander, who 
has emigrated to that city to make his living as a 
lawyer. The play of the story is said to be between 
the two antagonistic Northern and Southern ele- 
ments in the border States of Missouri and Illinois 
before the war. It shows Grant a poor farmer in 
St. Louis, Sherman running a small street-car line, 
and Lincoln a struggling lawyer in Springfield, 111., 
and later gives the contrast of their positions four 
years afterward. 

Hall Caine's forthcoming novel, "The Eternal 
City," about Rome, will make its first appearance in 
this cc jntry as a seria'. in Collier's Weekly, begin- 
ning early in February. 

.^ ' fquence of letters which will be found to fit 
rath t , curiously with the mu fi-talked-of "English- 

woman's Love-Letters," which were reviewed at 
length in last week's Argonaut, are to be published 
under the title of " An Englishman's Love-Letters." 
The author's name is not disclosed, and there is the 
usual aroma of mystery. 

George Moore is trying a rather remarkable ex- 
periment. He has re-written his novel, " Evelyn 
Innes," and that so thoroughly that it will be prac- 
tically a new book. The plot is changed and the 
characters walk differently through the pages. 
These are shorter by a hundred. Thus altered, 
" Evelyn lnnes" is to be published at the same time 
as Mr. Moore's wholly new novel, " Sister Theresa," 
which is in the nature of a sequel. 

The New York Tribune asks whether Kipling has 
indeed "written himself out," as some commentators 
claim, and adds: "It is yet too early seriously to 
criticise ' Kim," but it must be said that so far the 
story shows not half the abounding vigor that 
marked the best work of its author's youth." 

According to the dispatches, Maurice Thompson's 
condition shows little or no improvement, and his 
friends are gravely apprehensive. He has been ill 
now at his home at Crawfordsville, Ind., for over 
two months, and while for a time he seemed to gain 
ground, his condition of late has been far from satis- 

In answer to often repeated queries as to how Mrs. 
Craigie selected the pseudonym of "John Oliver 
Hobbes," the reply comes that it was first used over 
the story " Some Emotions and a Moral," pub- 
lished in the Pseudonym Library ; and that no 
especial significance may be attached to the signa- 
ture, further than the fact that the author, in pre- 
serving her anonymity, cast about for a good, sensi- 
ble sort of a name. Mrs. Craigie is now in Egypt. 
She will bring out almost immediately her new 
novel, " Love and the Soul Hunters." The motif 
of the story is said to be this : " That the hero may 
lead a wild life because the heroine is devoted to 

"Japanese Plays and Playfellows" is the title of a 
little book by Osman Edwards which will be pub- 
lished immediately by the Macmillan Company. It 
will contain twelve colored plates by Japanese art- 

regard to Botticelli, but it is refreshing to have a 
traveler speak out his mind courageously instead of 
assuming an admiration which he does not feel. . . . 

"Like most Californians who travel, Mr. Hart is 
critical of climates. There are unfortunate countries 
whose inhabitants can look to Italy as an improve- 
ment, but California is not one of them. And after 
seeing all the exhibits that Europe has to offer, he 
closes rather disdainfully with the remark that ' More 
and more it becomes apparent to me that the climate 
of California spoils one for any other in the world.' 

" One of the most interesting chapters is the one 
dealing with Rome. Passing by the common 
things, Mr. Hart has brought together a number 
of entertaining odds and ends, such as the most 
superficial observer can gather if he has a quick eye 
and a sense of humor. . . . 

" In a supplementary chapter Mr. Hart gives his 
readers the benefit of his wide knowledge of hotels 
and restaurants in many cities and lands. New 
York he thinks, on the whole, unsurpassed if one 
has the price. Neither London nor Paris has any- 
thing comparable. The hotels at American sum- 
mer and winter resorts, on the other hand, he re- 
gards as high-priced and poor. As for the Florida 
hotels, ' They are expensive and pretentious.' 

" For Paris Mr. Hart has not ... a high ad- 
miration. Many of the restaurants are stuffy and 
unventilated, and all of the kitchens are in the cellar. 
In London the restaurants are even stuffier and less 
ventilated, and in many of them the restaurant itself 
is in the cellar, as well as the kitchen. . . . 

" There are other chapters on Gibraltar, the Med- 
iterranean, Egypt, Pompeii, Florence, French Savoy, 
the Paris Exposition, the Passion Play, and Switzer- 
land, and on each to